Five College Archives and Manuscript
                        Collections
UMass Amherst seal
John J. Fitzgerald Collection, 1964-1975
1 box (1.5 linear feet)
Collection number: MS 938

Abstract:
A graduate of Holyoke High and UMass Amherst (BA 1963), John J. Fitzgerald entered the Army after graduation and served in Vietnam as a Captain in the 25th Infantry Division. He earned a Bronze Star and Purple Heart for his service, having been wounded at Cu Chi in June 1966, before leaving active duty in 1968. Returning home to Holyoke, Fitzgerald entered the master's degree in political science at UMass (MA 1978) and renewed his longstanding interest in politics. Taking an interest in the progressive, antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy, he became head of the McCarthy campaign in Holyoke and won election as a delegate to the Democratic national convention. Fitzgerald remained involved in local Democratic politics, and in addition to teaching history in local schools for many years, he wrote and lectured on topics ranging from nuclear power to his experiences in Vietnam.

The Fitzgerald collection contains four scrapbooks relating to his involvement in politics in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Two of the scrapbooks document national and local reaction to the McCarthy campaign and include some articles on Fitzgerald and some ephemera. The other scrapbooks document the McGovern campaign in 1972 and politics in Holyoke in mid-1970s. The collection also includes a copy of Fitzgerald's commission as a Reserve Commissioned Officer in the Army (1964) and two posters: Jack Coughlin's, Weapons often turn upon the wielder. . . (1968) and Viet-nam veterans speak out. . . Viet-nam Veterans for McCarthy (1968), an antiwar petition signed by Fitzgerald. Books that arrived with the collection have been transferred and catalogued into SCUA's general collection.

Terms of Access and Use:

The collection is open for research.

Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries

Scope and contents of the collection

The Fitzgerald collection contains four scrapbooks relating to his involvement in politics in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Two of the scrapbooks document national and local reaction to the Eugene McCarthy campaign and include some articles on Fitzgerald and ephemera, including a program for a political dinner signed by McCarthy. The other scrapbooks document the McGovern campaign in 1972 and politics in Holyoke in mid-1970s. The collection also includes a copy of Fitzgerald's commission as a Reserve Commissioned Officer in the Army (1964) and two posters: Jack Coughlin's, Weapons often turn upon the wielder. . . (1968) and Viet-nam veterans speak out. . . Viet-nam Veterans for McCarthy (1968), an antiwar petition signed by Fitzgerald. Books that arrived with the collection have been transferred and catalogued into SCUA's general collection.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: John J. Fitzgerald Collection (MS 938). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

History of the Collection

Gift of John J. Fitzgerald, September2016.

Processing Information

Processed by I. Eliot Wentworth, September 2016.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Special Collections and University Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003-9275

Phone: (413) 545-2780
Fax: (413) 577-1399
Link to SCUA
Language
English
Related Materials
Massachusetts (West)
Politics and governance
UMass alumni
Vietnam War

Separated Material

The following books were received with the collection and are catalogued with SCUA's books:

  • Bluhm, Raymond K., The Vietnam war: as chronology of war. New York : Universe, 2010
  • Fender, Michael and Staughton Lynd, The resistance. Boston : Beacon Press, 1971
  • Goldstein, David and Martha Moore Avery, Socialism: The nation of fatherless children. Boston : Thomas J. Flynn, 1911
  • Hallock, D., Hell, healing, and resistance: veterans speak. Farmington, Pa. : Plough Publishing House, 1998
  • Hammer, Elen J., The struggle for Indochina. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 1954
  • Kirkpatrick, George R., War -- what for? West Lafayette, Ohio : the author, 1910
  • Senate Republican Policy Committee, The war in Vietnam. Ithaca, N.Y. : Glad Day Press, ca.1967
  • Stoddard, Lothrop, The rising tide of color. New York : Blue Ribbon Books, 1920.
  • Uhl, Michael and Tod Ensign, GI guinea pigs. New York : Playboy Press, 1980
  • Wayman, Dorothy, David H. Walsh: Citizen, Patriot. Milwaukee : Bruce Publishing, 1952
  • Young, Marilyn, John J. Fitzgerald, and A. Tom Grunfeld, The Vietnam War: A history in documents. New York : Oxford University Press, 2002


Contents List
Scrapbooks
1968-1975
4 vols.

McCarthy campaign scrapbook
1968 Jan.-Sept.


Newsclippings, primarily from local and regional media in western Massachusetts.

McCarthy campaign scrapbook
1968 Jan.-Nov.


The scrapbook includes separate sections for national coverage and regional coverage of the campaign, ending shortly after the election.

McGovern campaign scrapbook
1972


A thin scrapbook held in a three-ring binder, now disbound. Includes a copy of "Statement of John J. Fitzgerald to Mass. Democratic Convention Delegates, 14 June 1972" expressing the need for the Party to oppose the war and deal with basic issues of social justice at home.

Holyoke scrapbook
1974 Nov.-1975 June


Clippings from local newspapers on Holyoke politics and issues confronting the city.

Posters
1968


Coughlin, Jack, "Weapons often turn upon the wielder, an army's harvest is a waste of thorns -- Lao Tzu"
1968

Semi-abstract black and white drawing.

Viet-nam veterans speak out. . . Viet-nam veterans for McCarthy
1968

Poster originally printed as a full-page newspaper advertisement; signed by Capt. John J. Fitzgerald at top of second column.

Fitzgerald, John J., Commission as officer in the Army reserve
1964



Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Holyoke (Mass.)--History--20th century
  • McCarthy, Eugene J., 1916-2005
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1968
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1972
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975

Genre terms
  • Posters
  • Scrapbooks


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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