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Argentine Revolution Collection, 1921-1965 (Bulk: 1921-1922)
1 box (0.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 353

Workers' revolt in Argentina, and the military and political response to it. Collection includes diaries and reports (military orders and maneuvers, geographical descriptions, personnel lists, reports on the development of the situation), correspondence, news clippings (political cartoons), and photographs (individual and group portraits, photos of the sites of destruction).

Terms of Access and Use:

The collection is open for research.

Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Biographical Note

In November of 1921, when the price of wool dropped drastically, Argentine and Chilean farm workers, compelled by anarchist agitators, attacked various sheep ranchers in the province of Santa Cruz. The "Husares de Pueyrredon" was the name given to the cavalry that led the rescue of the ranches and their owners. The soldiers were brought together by Honorio Pueyrredon, the Minister of Agriculture and of Foreign Affairs and Culture, who staunchly opposed the political ideology of President Yrigoyen. Pueyrredon was also a major landowner and patrician who didn't want the power over the land to fall into the hands of the common people.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

This collection is comprised of diaries, reports, correspondence, news clippings and photographs relating to a workers' revolt in Argentina. Argentina's history in the first quarter of the 1900s was a time of great political and social upheaval. The uprising documented in this collection is a good example of the culmination of conflicting ideals during the years 1921 and 1922. President Hipolito Yrigoyen's Radical party was undermined by the Conservatives. When the Argentine army became supporters of the Conservatives, Yrigoyen was forced to allow this new coalition free reign to quell the activities of unions and workers' revolts.

The collection contains the war diaries of Lieutenant D. Hector B. Varela as well as diaries and reports of other cavalry officials from November 1921 to January 1922. They include military orders and maneuvers; geographical descriptions; personnel lists; and the reports on the continuing development of the situation. Also in the collection are newspaper clippings and political cartoons that reflect the opposing attitudes that existed concerning the outcome of the uprising. There are individual and group portraits of the soldiers as well as photographs of the sites of destruction during the conflict. The correspondence that took place after the repression of the upheaval illuminates the attitudes within the military about the situation and the men involved up until 1965. All of the materials in the collection are photocopied reproductions. The written materials have been transcribed and arranged chronologically.

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Argentine Revolution Collection (MS 353). Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

History of the Collection

Acquired from Professor Robert Potash of the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1988.

Custodial history:

The diaries and reports were published on January 11, 1922 in Magellan Times, a newspaper printed in Punta Arenas, Chile from 1914?-1932? Original copies of the newspaper are now available only at the British Library. The collection was the property of Robert Etchepareborda, the late Argentine diplomat, archivist and historian who served as Director of the Department of Culture for the United States and as Rector of the National University of the South in Argentina. The original materials are in the National Archives of Argentina. A copy of the collection was given to Professor Robert Potash of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst who donated it to the University archives in 1988.

Processing Information

Processed by Madeleine Charney, February 1991.

Additional Information
Contact Information
Special Collections and University Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003-9275

Phone: (413) 545-2780
Fax: (413) 577-1399