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The Planning Services Group Records, 1956-1986
10 boxes (4.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 335

Abstract:
The Planning Services Group was an urban planning firm based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, that assisted New England cities and towns with initiating and managing urban development projects. The firm was involved in two primary areas, urban renewal and comprehensive community planning, and many of their projects were supported from funds designated by the Federal Housing Act of 1949. The collection includes organizational histories, memoranda, correspondence, proposal guidelines, materials for citizen participation, job inventories and reports, brochures that document urban growth management and the problems of suburbanization in New England, background studies, planning reports, growth management policies, zoning bylaws and amendments, and the files of Katharine Kulmala.

Terms of Access and Use:

The collection is open for research.

Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries

Biographical Note

The Planning Services Group (TPSG), an urban planning firm based in Cambridge, Massachusetts from 1955 to 1975, assisted New England cities and towns with initiating and managing urban development projects. Morton Braun, who was educated in city planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and had worked at the Boston division of Slum Clearance and Urban Redevelopment in the Federal Housing and Home Finance Agency from 1951 to 1954, founded the Planning and Renewal Association in 1955 with two partners, Robert Rowland and Donald Graham. The Planning and Renewal Association was renamed The Planning Services Group in 1961, and changed from a partnership to a corporation. The firm was most active in the 1960s, employing over fifty-nine staff-members. Braun was a lecturer in the Department of Landscape Architecture and the Regional Planning program at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst from 1968 to 1976. In 1975, Braun sold the firm to Katherine Kulmala, who operated a reduced consulting service out of her home in Carlisle, Massachusetts until 1982 when she closed the firm.

TPSG had two main types of contracts--urban renewal and comprehensive community planning. Projects in the 1950s and 1960s were initiated and supported primarily with federal funds designated by the Federal Housing Act of 1949, which sought to institute a national housing policy of "a decent home and a suitable living environment for every American family."

TPSG held planning contracts at the local and state level in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Maine and New York, and established long-term relationships with Durham, NH (1969-1980), Portsmouth, NH (1963-1973), Lancaster, MA (1966-1977), and Sanford, ME (1959-1973). Projects carried out at the town level included the production of: self-help planning manuals for citizens; comprehensive town plans; open space, recreation and zoning studies and revisions; plans for central business districts; plans to recycle historic buildings; and environmental and community impact studies. At the regional level, projects included planning and design criteria for new housing developments and the production of technical manuals for other planning agencies.

Scope and contents of the collection

Organizational histories, memoranda, correspondence, proposal guidelines, materials for citizen participation, job inventories and reports, and brochures that document urban growth management and the problems of suburbanization in New England, primarily in communities in eastern Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine and Connecticut, and New York (Long Island) from the mid-1950s through the mid-1980s. Reports, which comprise the bulk of the collection, include: background studies; planning reports (some in draft or with notations); comprehensive plans (for population, economic base, land use, circulation, private development, and community facilities); growth management policies; zoning bylaws and amendments; capital improvement programs; concept plans for tracts of land; revitalization plans for small town central business districts; open space and recreation plans; environmental impact statements; community impact studies; self-help planning guides; and technical guides. The collection also contains the files of Katherine Kulmala documenting work done independent of The Planning Services Group, including 1953 zoning policies for Boston; open space and recreation studies for Carlisle, Massachusetts, undertaken when Kulmala was a member of the Carlisle Planning Board; articles on lakeside development and recycling of buildings; and a manuscript (typescript) comparing contemporary urban development in the United States to 16th century development of new towns in Mexico (then New Spain).


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Planning Services Group Records (MS 335). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

History of the Collection

Acquired from Katharine A. Kulmala via Stanley Moss, 1990.

Processing Information

Processed by Linda Seidman, 1990.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Special Collections and University Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003-9275

Phone: (413) 545-2780
Fax: (413) 577-1399
Link to SCUA
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Series 1. Administration
1956-1982


History of TPSG


Box 1:1
Correspondence
1956-1982

Box 1:2
Brochures


Box 1:3
Revised brochure
1981

Box 1:4
Planning Board Clerk's kit advertisement
1980-1981

Box 1:5
Series 2. TPSG Reports and Publications
1957-1985


Lists of reports


Box 1:6
Guide for Evaluating Development Proposals
1975

Box 1:7
Protection of Wetlands and Floodplains
1977

Box 1:8
Wetlands/Floodplains/Zoning manual materials
1976-1977

Box 1:9
Cluster Zoning in Massachusetts
1970

Box 2:10-16
Massachusetts Cities and Towns



Amesbury zoning bylaw


Box 3:17
Amesbury Roy Farm, Land Vest


Box 3:18
Andover general plan
1957

Box 3:19
Andover zoning bylaw


Box 3:20
Arlington comprehensive plan
1962

Box 3:21
Arlington center commercial development plan
1964

Box 3:22
Arlington capital improvement program
1963

Box 3:23
Auburn plan for development
1960

Box 3:24
Auburn zoning
1960

Box 3:25
Bedford general plan
1959

Box 3:26
Boston Pier 2 proposal for residential development
1966

Box 3:27
Cambridge rezoning C-1 to C-3
1966

Box 3:28
Carlisle target plan
1979

Box 3:29
Carlisle zoning, etc.
1984-1985

Box 3:30
Chelsea comprehensive plan fiscal analysis
1970

Box 3:31
Danvers industrial park proposal Dartmouth master plan,
1957, 1977-1978

Box 3:32-32A
Hopkinton zoning bylaw changes
1977-1978

Box 4:33
Interstate 495 Area wide Approach to Growth
1978

Box 4:34
Lancaster zoning regulations
1977-1980

Box 4:35
various reports
1966-1967

Box 4:36
background studies
1967

Box 4:37
protection of N. Lancaster pond area
1973

Box 4:38
Lexington memos, proposals, etc.
1975

Box 4:39
Marlborough downtown development plan and program review and update
1981

Box 5:40
Marlborough downtown development plan and program review and update
1981

Box 5:41
Marshfield memo
1970

Box 5:42
Melrose summary report
1962

Box 5:43
Methuen various reports
1971

Box 5:44
Millbury re: restoring vitality to small town central business districts
1975

Box 5:45
Millbury re: restoring vitality to small town central business districts


Box 5:46
North Reading general plan


Box 5:47
Peabody's Essex Village community impact
1974

Box 5:48
Pepperell interview and meeting notes
1980

Box 5:49
SOS


Box 5:49AA
growth management, zoning bylaws
1973-1982

Box 5:49A
comprehensive plan
1971

Box 5:49B
Seekonk


Box 6:50
Sharon correspondence
1971-1976

Box 6:51
Sharon Center
1967

Box 6:52
Stoughton environmental impact statement, Copperwood town homes
1973

Box 6:53
Stow memos, reports
1974-1976

Box 6:54
Weymouth open space and recreation
1974

Box 6:55
Wilmington general plan
1957

Box 6:56
New Hampshire Cities and Towns



Derry comprehensive plan
1965

Box 6:57
Durham: The Center
1968

Box 7:58
Durham comprehensive plan
1968

Box 7:59
Durham comprehensive plan
1969

Box 7:60
growth and its impact
1968

Box 7:61
open space
1967

Box 7:62
physical determinants of planning policy
1967

Box 7:63
proposed zoning ordinance
1968

Box 7:64
comprehensive plan
1978

Box 7:65
coastal resources
1979

Box 7:66
neighborhood advisory group
1979

Box 7:67
drafts of reports


Box 7:68
planning notebook
1979-1981

Box 8:69
planning notebook


Box 8:70
trail guide
1976

Box 8:71
subdivision regulations


Box 8:72
Growth Management Options drafts


Box 8:73
Growth Management Options drafts


Box 8:74
memos
1979

Box 8:75
zoning ordinance


Box 8:76
summary update of comprehensive plan
1980

Box 8:77
administrative records
1979

Box 8:78
Hanover various reports and correspondence
1974-1975

Box 8:79
administrative records
1974

Box 8:80
Laconia criteria for exterior treatment of Busiel Belknap mills


Box 8:81
New Hampshire
1975

Box 8:82
North Country Council
1976

Box 8:83
Portsmouth Farragut School
1971

Box 8:84
Portsmouth Seacrest Village
1971

Box 8:85
Other Cities and Towns



Bristol , Connecticut comprehensive plan
1964

Box 8:86
Sanford, Maine correspondence
1971-1974

Box 8:87
Sanford, Maine comprehensive plans
1957, 1973

Box 8:88-89
Long Island, New York community impact study of bridges
1971

Box 8:89A
Series 3. Katherine Kulmala Files
1953-1986


Proposals, applications, resumes


Box 10:90
Boston Herald American column
1977

Box 10:91
Tutolo Siete: New Town in New Spain, sources and criticisms


Box 10:92
Tutolo Siete: New Town in New Spain, typescript
1972

Box 10:93
Boston, Mass. zoning policies
1953

Box 10:94
Carlisle, Mass. open space and recreation report
1986

Box 10:95

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Arlington (Mass.)--City planning.
  • Boston (Mass.)--City planning.
  • Carlisle (Mass.)--City planning.
  • City planning--Maine.
  • City planning--Massachusetts.
  • City planning--New Hampshire.
  • Land Use, Urban--Maine.
  • Land Use, Urban--Massachusetts.
  • Land Use, Urban--New Hampshire.

Contributors
  • Kulmala, Katherine.
  • Planning Services Group.


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