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Berlin, Bolton, Feltonville Stage Coach Line Ledger, 1854-1867
1 folder (1 volume) (1 linear foot)
Collection number: MS 138

Abstract:
Stage coach line that carried passengers and mail from Berlin, Bolton, and Feltonville (Hudson) to the Boston area. Includes account book documenting expenses of running the line, with passenger fares recorded elsewhere. Last several pages contain an individual's accounts, as well as photocopies of passages about the stage coach line and a poem written when the company folded. Amos Sawyer, Jr., and his son-in-law Lorren Arnold ran the business.

Terms of Access and Use:

The collection is open for research.

Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Scope and Contents of the Collection

This account book for January 1854 to April 1867 documents the expenses of running the Berlin, Bolton, and Feltonville (Hudson) stage coach line to and from Boston, Massachusetts carrying passengers and mail.

Typical expenses include harness repairs, drivers' wages, annual office rent and board in Boston, blacksmiths' charges, bags of meal, bushels of oats, pounds of straw, revenue tax, wagon rent, horse keeping, jars of neat's-foot oil, a trunk for the sleigh rack, and the occasional "cup of tea for old Jim". Passenger fares were recorded elsewhere; only the charges for carrying mail and for some rent are noted here as income.

The proprietor of the Berlin stage line from 1837 to 1865 was Amos Sawyer, Jr., according to William H. Houghton's History of the Town of Berlin. Vital Records of Berlin for the time period lists Sawyer's death date as August 15, 1866, which corresponds with a change in handwriting in the last records of the stage coach line's accounts as they had been recorded since 1854. The business seems to have been carried on by L. Arnold for two years following Sawyer's death. Lorren Arnold was Sawyer's son-in-law.

The last several pages of accounts are for individuals' purchases of groceries, dry goods, and other supplies. Among the named are CA Sawyer, Mrs. H.D. Coburn, Fred Wheelock, Thomas Hale, and J.D. Southwick, most of whom can be identified as residents of Berlin. The accounts, for the most part, are for a two-month period, year unknown.

Filed with the account book are photocopies of passages about the stage coach lines from the histories of Berlin and Bolton to be found in Du Bois Library's circulating book collection. This includes a poem written by Phebe A. Halder when the Berlin coach line folded in 1894.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Berlin, Bolton, Feltonville Stage Coach Line Ledger (MS 138). Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

History of the Collection

Purchased from Charles Apfelbaum, October 1986.

Processing Information

Processed by Linda Seidman, November 1986.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Special Collections and University Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003-9275

Phone: (413) 545-2780
Fax: (413) 577-1399
Link to SCUA
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.


Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Berlin (Mass. : Town)--Economic conditions--19th century--Sources.
  • Berlin, Bolton, & Feltonville Stage--Finance.
  • Bolton (Mass. : Town)--Economic conditions--19th century--Sources.
  • Freight and freightage--Massachusetts--History--Sources.
  • Stagecoach lines--Massachusetts--History--Sources.

Genre terms
  • Account books.


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