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James Leland Store Journal, 1854-1855
1 volume (0.25 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 94

Owner of a general store in Enfield, Massachusetts. Includes notations for the sale of a wide variety of goods (notably Know Nothing hats), names of customers (both individuals, particularly Irish, and businesses), and types of payment (cash, barter, and services).

Terms of Access and Use:

The collection is open for research.

Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries

Biographical Note

Enfield was among the Western Massachusetts towns abolished in 1938 to allow the Swift River Valley to be flooded, thereby creating the Quabbin Reservoir to provide Boston with water.

Scope and contents of the collection

James Leland kept this detailed daybook at a busy general store in Enfield, Massachusetts. The 360 pages record accounts over a five month period with January settlements in the final pages.

Leland sold a wide variety of goods including palm leaf hats, coats, kid gloves, shawls, oil, tacks, nails, shot, paper, tea, snuff, saleratus (leavening agent), eggs, butter, and cheese. He dealt with a large number of men, women and businesses.

Leland took in cash, or barter in the form of palm leaf hats ($0.11 each), braid, shoes, butter, eggs, or services such as tailoring.

Some of the customers are early Irish in the area, Dennis Sheehan and Benjamin Sullivan. There are also sales of Know Nothing hats (p. 57), reflecting local reaction to Catholic immigrants.

A selection of names and places listed are: Levi Lombard; Minot Manufacturing Co.; Swift River Co.; J.M. Crosby, tailor, Enfield; Leland and Smith Co.; and Leonard Woods.

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: James Leland Store Journal (MS 94). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

History of the Collection

Acquired from Donald W. Howe, 1960.

Processing Information

Processed by Ruth Owen Jones, October 1985.

Additional Information
Contact Information
Special Collections and University Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003-9275

Phone: (413) 545-2780
Fax: (413) 577-1399
Link to SCUA
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

  • Barter--Massachusetts--Enfield--History--19th century--Sources.
  • Consumers--Massachusetts--Enfield--History--19th century--Sources.
  • Enfield (Mass.)--Economic conditions--19th century--Sources.
  • Enfield (Mass.)--Ethnic relations--19th century--Sources.
  • General stores--Massachusetts--Enfield--History--19th century--Sources.
  • Irish American Catholics--Massachusetts--Enfield--History--19th century--Sources.
  • J.M. Crosby (Firm)--History--Sources.
  • Leland and Smith Co.--History--Sources.
  • Leland, James.
  • Leonard Woods (Firm)--History--Sources.
  • Minot Manufacturing Company--History--Sources.
  • Nativism--History--19th century--Sources.
  • Quabbin Reservoir Region (Mass.)--History.
  • Shopping--Massachusetts--Enfield--History--19th century--Sources.
  • Swift River Company--History--Sources.

Genre terms
  • Account books.

Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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