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Thurber-Woolson Botanical Collection, 1803-1918
4 boxes (2.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 065 bd

Largely self-educated, George Thurber (1821-1890) began a career as a pharmacist before signing on as botanist to the U.S. Boundary Commission from 1850-1854. After completing a masters degree at Brown University, he emerged as a important horticultural writer and editor of American Agriculturist from 1863 to 1885.

Letters, photographs, engravings, and clippings compiled primarily by George Thurber and bequeathed to George Clark Woolson (MAC class of 1871) who added to it and donated it as a memorial to his class, the first to graduate from the College. The collection includes 993 letters written by 336 correspondents, and 35 photographs and engravings, primarily botanists and other scientists, including Asa Gray, Louis Agassiz, John Torrey, Frederick Law Olmsted, John James Audubon, Henry Ward Beecher, Jefferson Davis, Edward Payson Roe, Donald G. Mitchell, and George Brown Goode.

Terms of Access and Use:

The collection is open for research.

Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries

Biographical Note

George Thurber, botanist, naturalist, and editor, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, September 2, 1821 and died at his home near Passaic, New Jersey, April 2, 1890. In his early years he devoted himself eagerly to the study of chemistry and natural sciences in general, but especially to botany, so that at an early age he was already well known as one of the most prominent botanists of the country. This brought him in close intimacy with John Torrey, Asa Gray, George Engelmann, Louis Agassiz and other emminent scientists, whose warm friendship he enjoyed until his death.

In 1850 he obtained the appointment as botanist, quartermaster and commissary of the United States Boundary Commission for the survey of the boundary between the United States and Mexico. During the following four years his botanical work consisted mainly in the exploration of the native flora of these hitherto unknown border regions. His herbarium collected there comprised a large number of species new to scientists, some of which have been named after their discoverer, Cereus Thurberi being one of the most important; it is now cultivated for its fruit in the desert regions of North Africa. This historical herbarium formed the subject of Dr. Asa Gray's important work "Plantae Novae Thurberinanae," published by the Smithsonian Institute.

After his return to New York in 1853, Dr. Thurber received an appointment to the United States Assay Office, of which Dr. John Torrey was assayer. In this position he remained until 1856, when owing to his strong sympathies with Gen. John C. Fremont, who was the first Presidential candidate of the Republican party, he preferred to resign rather than sacrifice his principles. During the following three years he was connected with the Cooper Union and the College of Pharmacy of New York City as lecturer on botany and materia medica. In 1859 he was appointed professor of botany and horticulture at the Michigan Agricultural College, which position he held for four years. This position he resigned in 1863 to accept--on the urgent invitation of Orange Judd, the publisher--the editorship of the "American Agriculturist," which he held to within a few years of his death, when failing health prevented him from continuing his ardent labors. In this position he found his most congenial work and the real mission of his life, for which his previos training had fitted him admirably. Few men have exerted so powerful and effective an influence on progressive horticulture and agriculture. The amount of his writings in the "American Agriculturist" during the twenty-two years of his connection with it was enormous, but as his name but rarely appeared with his articles, it would be impossible to estimate the aggregate, yet whatever he wrote bore the stamp of accuracy of detail and naturalness of style.

While in Michigan he revised and partly rewrote Darlington's "Agricultural Botany," which was published under the title of "American Weeds and Useful Plants." He wrote also the entire botany of Appleton's "New American Encyclopedia." An important part of his contributions to horticultural literature consisted in editing, revising and bringing out the horticultural and agricultural books of the Orange Judd Company.

After the death of Dr. Torrey, he was elected president of the Torrey Botanical Club. He was also president of the New Jersey Horticultural Society; vice-president of the American Pomological Society for New Jersey; and honorary member of many scientific societies throughout the world.

Biographical sketch by F. M. Hexamer from L. H. Bailey's Standard Cycolopedia of Horticulture (v. 3).

Scope and contents of the collection

Letters, photographs, engravings, and clippings compiled by George Thurber, agrostologist, horticultural writer, and editor of American Agriculturist from 1863 to 1885, and augmented by George Clark Woolson, father of Harry Thurber Woolson. Bulk of the collection is the nearly 1,000 letters written by 336 correspondents, primarily botanists and other scientists, including Asa Gray, Louis Agassiz, John Torrey, Frederick Law Olmsted, John James Audubon, Henry Ward Beecher, Jefferson Davis, Edward Payson Roe, Donald G. Mitchell, and George Brown Goode. Letters are bound; binding done by Reimann.

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Thurber-Woolson Botanical Collection (MS 065 bd). Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries.

History of the Collection

Acquired from Harry Thurber Woolson, 1911, 1919

Processing Information

Processed by Linda Seidman.

Additional Information
Contact Information
Special Collections and University Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003-9275

Phone: (413) 545-2780
Fax: (413) 577-1399
Link to SCUA
Related Materials

Background on George Thurber, Harry Thurber Woolson and the collection can be found in George Clark Woolson's faculty file (RG 40/11).

Related Materials
Botany and horticulture

Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

  • Botany--United States.
  • Thurber, George.
  • Woolson, George Clark.

  • Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1872.
  • Audubon, John James, 1785-1851.
  • Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887.
  • Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889.
  • Gray, Asa, 1810-1888.
  • Mitchell, Donald Grant, 1822-1908
  • Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903.
  • Roe, Edward Payson, 1838-1888.
  • Thurber, George.
  • Torrey, John, 1796-1873.
  • Woolson, George Clark.

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