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Northampton Cutlery Company Records, 1869-1987
113 boxes (55.75 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 58

Abstract:
Cutlery company located in Northampton, Massachusetts until its closing in 1987. Records document company operations and technology used in the cutlery manufacturing process, as well as details about employment of immigrant and working class families in the region. Includes administrative, legal, and financial records; correspondence; personnel and labor relations files; and production schedules and specifications.

Terms of Access and Use:

The collection is open for research.

Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Historical Note

The Northampton Cutlery Company was incorporated in 1871 with Judge Samuel L. Hinckley, its largest stockholder, as its first President. The property was purchased from J. H. Lyman and located along the Mill River in Northampton, Massachusetts on a site in which previous manufacturing plants had operated, beginning with Northampton Papermills (1836-1848), and subsequently Hampshire Flax & Hemp Company (1848-1850), Bay State Tool Manufacturing Company (1854-1858), Bay State Hardware Company (1858-1870), and Riverside Cutlery Company (1870-1871). Cutlery production began as a sideline venture for Bay State Tool during the Civil War, a time when 81% of cutlery produced in the United States was made in plants in Massachusetts and Connecticut. In 1885, a Knights of Labor Assembly of knife grinders was established in Northampton, considered by the Northampton Tercentenary Commission to be the first union of"real significance" in the town. The company closed in 1987.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Records document company operations and technology used in the cutlery manufacturing process, as well as details about employment of immigrant and working class families in the region. Records include: company histories; by-laws; deeds; board of directors meeting minutes; stockholders' certificates and meeting minutes; correspondence; ledgers, cashbooks, price lists, and product catalogs; auditor's reports, annual operating statements and tax reports and returns; job surveys, reports, plans, and a wage study; payroll ledgers, lists of employees, employees' census sheets and factory notices; production schedules; records that document labor relations including negotiations, unemployment cases, and union communications and greivances; and machinery specifications, plot and sewer plans, a scrapbook, photographs, and samples.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Northampton Cutlery Company Records (MS 58). Special Collections and University Archives, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

History of the Collection

Acquired from Harvey Finison, 1985-1986. Accretion acquired from Mrs. Harvey Finison, 03/96, accession # 96-016.

Processing Information

Processed by Ken Fones-Wolf (December 1987) and and Mike Milewski (summer 1996).


Additional Information
Contact Information
Special Collections and University Archives
W.E.B. Du Bois Library
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst, MA 01003-9275

Phone: (413) 545-2780
Fax: (413) 577-1399
Link to SCUA
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Series 1. Stockholders and Board of Directors



Company History
1951, 1975

Box 1:1
By-Laws
1960

Box 1:2
Stockholders' Ledger (volumes)
1874-1960

Box 1:3-5
Stock Ledger Balance
1909

Box 1:6
Stockholders' Certificates (volume)
1871-1942

Box 2:7
Stockholders' Meeting Minutes (volumes)
1871-1970

Box 3:8-10
Stockholders' Meeting Minutes (volumes)
1964-1966, 1971-1983

Box 3:11-12
Stockholders' Meetings, Proxies and Votes
1942-1966

Box 4:13-32
Profit-Sharing Trust
1952-1961

Box 4:33
Board of Directors Minutes (volumes)
1887-1969

Box 5:34-37
Board of Directors Minutes (volumes)
1964-1983

Box 6:38-41
Series 2. Legal and Property



Clement Co. Purchase
1947-1963

Box 7:42
Clinton Foods Inc.
1954-1955

Box 7:43
Deed (copy, 1871)
1951

Box 7:44
Dahlke, A.J.
1946-1956

Box 7:45
Eyre, Albert
1955-1963

Box 7:46
Feiker, Elizabeth
1967

Box 7:47
Increase of Capital
1949-1950

Box 7:48
License
1950

Box 7:49
Merger Proposal with John Russell
1925-1927

Box 7:50
Notes
1963

Box 7:51
Voting Trust
1960-1963

Box 7:52
Watrous, Jerome
1955-1963

Box 7:53
Appraisal, U.S. Appraisal Co.
1906

Box 8:54-55
Appraisal, T.L. Alborell & Assoc.
1926-1935

Box 8:56-58
Appraisal, Standard Appraisal Co.
1949

Box 9:59-60
Appraisals, Internal
1968, 1973

Box 9:61
Series 3. Executive



Subseries A. Accounting



Balance Sheet
1919-1926

Box 10:62
Annual Operating Statements
1945-1950

Box 10:63
Operating Statements & Ratios
1957-1966

Box 10:64-66
Auditor's Reports
1922-1944

Box 11:67
I.R.S. Reports
1915-1930

Box 11:68
Request for Funds
1930

Box 11:69
Tax Returns
1910-1933

Box 11:70-80
Subseries B. Surveys and Reports



Preliminary Survey, George S. May Co.
1934

Box 12:81
Industrial Survey, T.L. Alborell & Assoc.
1935

Box 12:82
Survey Report, Douglas T. Sterling
1946

Box 12:83
Incentive Plan, Ekholm Assoc.
1946

Box 12:84
Incentive Rate Study
1947

Box 12:85
Job Evaluation Plan, L.J. Brooks
1949

Box 12:86-87
Revised Bonus Plan, L.J. Brooks
1951

Box 12:88
Analytical Report, Dun & Bradstreet
1965

Box 12:89
Job Rating Survey, NMTA
1966

Box 12:90
Wage Study
1975

Box 12:91
Subseries C. Correspondence



Letter Copy Books (volumes)
1899-1902

Box 13:92-94
Correspondence
1940

Box 14:95-100
Correspondence
1940

Box 15:101-105
Correspondence
1940

Box 16:106-108
Correspondence R-S
1941

Box 17:109-113
Correspondence T-Z
1941

Box 18:114-119
Correspondence A-H
1942

Box 19:120-127
Correspondence I-O
1942

Box 20:128-133
Correspondence P-S
1942

Box 21:134-138
Correspondence T-Z
1942

Box 22:139-143
Correspondence A-H
1944

Box 23:144-150
Correspondence I-P
1944

Box 24:151-156
Correspondence Q-V
1944

Box 25:157-161
Correspondence W-Z
1944

Box 26:162-165
Correspondence A-K
1945

Box 27:166-173
Correspondence L-S
1945

Box 28:174-179
Correspondence S-Z
1945

Box 29:180-185
Correspondence A-G
1946

Box 30:186-194
Correspondence H-Q
1946

Box 31:195-201
Correspondence R-Z
1946

Box 32:202-207
Correspondence A-G
1947

Box 33:208-213
Correspondence H-S
1947

Box 34:214-220
Correspondence A-F
1959-1960

Box 35:221-229
Correspondence G-M
1959-1960

Box 36:230-238
Correspondence M-S
1959-1960

Box 37:239-248
Correspondence T-Z
1959-1960

Box 38:249-257
Jerome Watrous Correspondence
1948-1955

Box 38:258
Harvey Finison Correspondence, A-I
1968-1986

Box 39:259-275
Harvey Finison Correspondence, I-M
1968-1986

Box 40:276-284
Harvey Finison Correspondence, M-P
1968-1986

Box 41:285-293
Harvey Finison Correspondence, P-Z
1968-1986

Box 42:294-304
Series 4. Financial



Trial Balances
1887-1964

Box 43:305-309
General Ledger
1958-1965

Box 44:310-317
General Ledger
1966-1974

Box 45:318-321
General Ledger
1970-1979

Box 46:322-325
Journals (volumes)
1915-1926

Box 47:326-328
Journals (volumes)
1926-1933

Box 48:329-330
Journals
1934-1957

Box Volumes 1-7
Journals (volumes)
1959-1974

Box 49:331-336
Journals (volumes)
1975-1977

Box 50:337-339
Journals (volumes)
1978-1980

Box 51:340-342
Cash Books (volumes)
1888-1894, 1901-1904

Box 52:343-345
Cash Books (volumes)
1917-1925

Box 53:346-348
Cash Books
1926-1958

Box Volumes 8-15
Cash Books (volume)
1962-1966

Box 54:349
Cash Books (volume)
1970-1979

Box 55:350
Petty Cash Books (volumes)
1906-1912

Box 56:351-352
Accounts Receivable (volumes)
1919-1923, 1928-1931

Box 57:353-354
Accounts Receivable
1960-1979

Box 58:355-358
Bills Receivable (volumes)
1907-1922

Box 59:359-360
Accounts Payable (volumes)
1894-1922

Box 60:361-363
Accounts Payable (volumes)
1922-1955

Box 61-62:364-365
Accounts Payable (volumes)
1959-1967

Box 63:366
Accounts Payable (volumes)
1970-1977

Box 64:367-368
Order Books (volumes)
1903-1924

Box 65:369-374
General Inventory (volumes)
1910-1919, 1935-1948

Box 66:375-381
Inventory, Carpenter Shop
1903-1943

Box 67:382
Inventory, Forge Room
1898-1940

Box 67:383
Inventory, Grinding Dept.
1907-1927

Box 67:384
Inventory, Machine Room
1897-1928

Box 67:385-386
Inventory, Machine Room
1929-1941

Box 68:387
Inventory, Round Tang Dept.
1897-1914

Box 68:388
Inventory, Solid Steel Knife Dept.
1911-1939

Box 68:389
Inventory, Stainless Steel
1935-1941

Box 68:390
Inventory, Stamping & Etching
1905-1910

Box 68:391
Inventory, Motor Book
n.d.

Box 69:392
Inventory, Miscellaneous Inventory Sheets
n.d.

Box 69:393
Series 5. Sales



Sales Books
1889-1897

Box Vols. 16-24
Sales Books
1902-1931

Box Vols. 25-31
Sales Books
1934-1958

Box Vols. 32-40
Sales Books
1960-1967

Box 70:394-400
Sales Books
1970-1978

Box Vol. 41
Sales Journal
1980-1982

Box 71:401
Sales Correspondence, A-C
1962-1985

Box 72:402-412
Sales Correspondence, D-G
1962-1985

Box 73:413-419
Sales Correspondence, H-K
1962-1985

Box 74:420-430
Sales Correspondence, L-O
1962-1985

Box 75:431-439
Sales Correspondence, P-S
1962-1985

Box 76:440-447
Sales Correspondence, S-W
1962-1985

Box 77:448-455
Sales Correspondence, W-Z
1962-1985

Box 78:456-458
Price Lists
1899-1984

Box 79:459-466
Product Catalogs
1899-1960s

Box 79:467-468
Series 6. Personnel



Subseries A. Employees



Employees, A-Ber.
1940-1985

Box 80:469-477
Employees, Bes-Bz
1940-1985

Box 81:478-485
Employees, C-Dez
1940-1985

Box 82:486-493
Employees, Di-Gy
1940-1985

Box 83:494-503
Employees, H-Ly
1940-1985

Box 84:504-512
Employees, M-Pi
1940-1985

Box 85:513-523
Employees, Po-Tz
1940-1985

Box 86:524-532
Employees, U-Z
1940-1985

Box 87:533-536
Employees Census Sheet
1920

Box 87:537
Factory Notices
1947-1951

Box 87:538
Subseries B. Labor Accounts



Grinding
1869-1872

Box 88:539
Hafting & Wheel Dept.
1902

Box 88:540
Piecework
1887

Box 88:541
Piecework
1897-1898

Box 88:542
Piecework
1909-1910

Box 88:543
Teamster
1887

Box 88:544
Workmen's Cash Book
1887-1893

Box 89:545
Seniority List
1970-1985

Box 89:546
Wages
1972-1979

Box 89:547
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1886-1898

Box 90:548-549
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1910-1913

Box 91:550
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1935-1936

Box 92:551-552
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1937-1939

Box 93:553-555
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1940-1941

Box 94:556-557
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1954-1955

Box 95:558-559
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1956-1958

Box 96:560-562
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1960-1962

Box 97:563-565
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1963-1966

Box 98:566-569
Payroll Ledgers (volumes)
1974-1980

Box 99:570
Subseries C. Accident Reports



Reports
1942-1950

Box 100:571-577
Reports
1950-1961

Box 101:578-589
Reports
1962-1986

Box 102:590-600
Series 7. Labor Relations



Negotiations
1965

Box 103:601-612
Negotiations
1967-1976

Box 104:613-624
Negotiations
1977-1984

Box 105:625-631
Tuperkizsis v. Cutlery
1970-1973

Box 105:632
Unemployment Cases
1947-1950, 1966-1968

Box 105:633-634
Union Communications
1972-1985

Box 105:635
Union Grievances
1969-1985

Box 105:636
Series 8. Production



Customer Job Specifications
1949-1976

Box 106:637-641
Grinding Specifications
n.d.

Box 106:642
Job Specifications, R1F-R199F
n.d.

Box 106:643-649
Job Specifications, R202F-R341F
n.d.

Box 107:650-657
Steel Weights and Sizes
n.d.

Box 107:658
Weekly Production Schedules
1949-1950

Box 107:659
Piece Rates
1966-1976

Box 108:660-665
Process Sheets
n.d.

Box 108:666-667
Series 9. Miscellaneous



Machinery Specifications
n.d.

Box 109:668-670
Plot Plan
n.d.

Box 109:671
Sewer Plan
n.d.

Box 109:672
Scrapbook
1960-1983

Box 109:673
Photos and Samples
circa 1900-1985

Box 110:674-676
Series 1. Stockholders and Board of Directors



Annual Meeting--Agenda, Correspondence, Reports, etc.
1977-1986

Box 111:1
Articles of Amendment
1966

Box 111:2
Board of Directors, List of
1985, n.d.

Box 111:3
Board of Directors--Meetings, Minutes, etc.
1965-1968

Box 111:4
Board of Directors--Meetings, Minutes, etc.
1970-1979

Box 111:5
Board of Directors--Meetings, Minutes, etc.
1980-1986

Box 111:6
By-Laws and Amendments
1960

Box 111:7
Company History
1974, n.d.

Box 111:8
Company History--Newsclips
1978-1986, n.d.

Box 111:9
Correspondence on Stock Certificates
1958, 1969-1970

Box 111:10
Director's Correspondence, etc.
1969

Box 111:11
Director's Meeting Agenda
1969

Box 111:12
Director's Meeting Proxies
1949

Box 111:13
Stockholders, List of
n.d.

Box 111:14
Stockholder's Meetings
1966

Box 111:15
Stockholder's Meetings
1968

Box 111:16
Stockholder's Meeting Agenda
1969

Box 111:17
Stockholder's Meetings, Proxies and Votes
1969-1970

Box 111:18
Stockholder's Meetings, Proxies and Votes
1971-1974

Box 111:19
Stockholder's Meetings, Proxies and Votes
1975-1978

Box 111:20
Stockholder's Meetings, Proxies and Votes
1979-1982

Box 111:21
Stockholder's Meetings, Proxies and Votes
1982-1986

Box 111:22
Series 2. Legal and Property



Appraisal--American Industries Appraisers
1981

Box 111:23
Appraisal Report--Robert A. Borawski
1974

Box 111:24
Appraised Valuation, Notice of
1978

Box 111:25
Articles of Amendment for Adjusting Capitalization
1965

Box 111:26
Attorney--Settlements, etc.
1986-1987

Box 111:27
Automobile--Insurance, Invoice, etc.
1960

Box 111:28
Contract Correspondence
1955

Box 111:29
Contract, Machinery
1947

Box 111:30
Foreclosure Deed
1951

Box 111:31
Goodwin, Proctor & Hoar--Counselors at Law
1978

Box 111:32
Insurance Policy, Hartford Steam Boiler
1985

Box 111:33
Land Purchase from D.E. White
1969

Box 111:34
Letterhead, Blank
---

Box 111:35
Mortgage to Northampton Bank
1963

Box 111:36
Notes (Loan Balances)
1975

Box 111:37
Quitclaim Deed--Jona H. Lyman (1951 copy)
1871

Box 111:38
Retired Loans
1958, 1963-1968

Box 111:39
Safe Deposit Box
1986

Box 111:40
Surrender of Lease
1951

Box 111:41
Warranty Deed - Doris L. White
1969

Box 111:42
Warranty Deed - Ellery C. Clapp
1950

Box 111:43
Watrous, Jerome - Promissory Note and Corr.
1974-1984

Box 111:44
Series 3. Executive



Subseries A. Accounting



Annual Operating Statements
1969-1971

Box 111:45
Annual Statistics of Manufacturers
1971-1979

Box 111:46
Audit
1985-1986

Box 111:47
Auditor's Report
1971

Box 111:48
Balance Sheet
1974

Box 111:49
Balance Sheet
1978

Box 111:50
Bank Reconciliation
1985

Box 111:51
Depreciation Schedule
1965-1976

Box 111:52
Don and Bradstreet, Inc.
1986

Box 111:53
Employer's Quarterly Report of Wages Paid
1986

Box 111:54
Estimated Tax Rate
1968

Box 111:55
Financial Statements
1982-1984

Box 111:56
Income Statements, Estimated & Forecast
1967-1968

Box 111:57
Job Insurance
1981-1985

Box 111:58
Operating Results, Ten Years
1961-1971

Box 111:59
Real Estate Taxes
1979-1982

Box 111:60
Tax Declaration
1985

Box 111:61
Tax Return--Employer's Annual Federal Unemployment
1981-1985

Box 111:62
Tax Return - Employers Quarterly Federal
1983-1986

Box 111:63
Tax Return - Massachusetts
1970-1981

Box 111:64
Tax Return - Massachusetts
1982-1986

Box 111:65
Tax Return - U.S.
1965

Box 111:66
Tax Return - U.S.
1969-1981

Box 111:67
Tax Return - U.S.
1982-1986

Box 111:68
Tax Return - U.S. and Mass.
1986

Box 111:69
Ten Year Record
1961-1971

Box 111:70
Year End Audit
1975

Box 112:71
Year End Audit
1976-1977

Box 112:72
Year End Audit
1977

Box 112:73
Year End Audit
1978

Box 112:74
Subseries B. Surveys and Reports



Financial History and Current Projections
1977

Box 112:75
Series 4. Financial



Cash Book (oversize)
1985-1986

Box 113:76
Chart of Accounts
1986

Box 112:77
Check Book
1958

Box 112:78
Deposit Book
1958-1962

Box 112:79
Expense Journal (oversize)
1985-1986

Box 113:80
General Ledger (oversize)
1984

Box 113:81
General Ledger (oversize)
1985-1986

Box 113:82
Income Statement
1979

Box 112:83
Income Statement
1975

Box 112:84
Income Statement
1983

Box 112:85
Income Statement
1985

Box 112:86
Income Statement
1986

Box 112:87
Inventory
1974

Box 112:88
Inventory Valuation
1974

Box 112:89
Monthly Journal Entries, Listing of
1986

Box 112:90
Purchase Journal (oversize)
1985-1986

Box 113:91
Purchases - Accounts Payable
1970-1986

Box 113:92
Summary Inventory
1975-1976

Box 112:93
Transactions
1985

Box 112:94
Trial Balance
1967-1968

Box 112:95
Trial Balance
1970

Box 112:96
Trial Balance
1971

Box 112:97/98
Trial Balance
1972

Box 112:99
Trial Balance
1973

Box 112:100
Trial Balance
1974

Box 112:101
Trial Balance
1975

Box 112:102
Trial Balance
1976

Box 112:103
Trial Balance
1977

Box 112:104
Trial Balance
1978

Box 112:105
Trial Balance
1984

Box 112:106
Trial Balance
1985

Box 112:107
Trial Balance
1986

Box 112:108
Series 5. Sales



Advertisement for Bottle Screw
n.d.

Box 112:109
Product Catalog
n.d.

Box 112:110
Product Catalog
#404, #5-53n.d.

Box 112:111
Product Catalog
1955, n.d.

Box 112:112
Sales History
1961-1972

Box 112:113
Sales Journal (oversize)
1970-1986

Box 113:114
Sales Journal - Retail (oversize)
1986

Box 113:115
(number not used)


Box 112:116
Series 6. Personnel



Subseries A. Personnel - Employees



Position Offers--Chief Engineer
1964

Box 112:117
Subseries B. Labor Accounts



Payroll Accounts
1963-1966

Box 112:118
Payroll, Factory
1986

Box 112:119
Payroll Register (oversize)
1983

Box 113:120
Payroll Register (oversize)
1984

Box 113:121
Payroll Register (oversize)
1985

Box 113:122
Payroll Withholdings (oversize)
1985-1986

Box 113:123
Series 7. Labor Relations



Agreement Between - N.C.C. & U.E. Local 259
1967

Box 112:124
Agreement Between - N.C.C. & U.E.
1977, 1979

Box 112:125
Series 8. Production



Invention Disclosure
1976

Box 112:126
Product Cost
1974-1977

Box 112:127

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Cutlery trade--Massachusetts.
  • Northampton (Mass.)--Economic conditions.

Contributors
  • Northampton Cutlery Company.


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