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Crime, Prisons, and Reform Schools Collection, 1850-1977
2 boxes, 2 books (8 linear inches.)
Collection number: MS 424

Abstract:
Documents the activities and experiences of female criminals, the efforts of social scientists to understand them, the work of prison reformers to improve their treatment, and the changing approaches and methods used by the state to manage them. Material includes printed material, correspondence, drawings, reports, and unpublished papers that focus on the United States and England.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Material in this collection may be protected by copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy all copyright holders. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Crime, Prisons, and Reform Schools Collection documents the activities and experiences of female criminals, the efforts of social scientists to understand them, the work of prison reformers to improve their treatment, and the changing approaches and methods used by the state to manage them. Types of material include articles, correspondence, drawings, leaflets, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, promotional material, reports, and unpublished papers that focus on the United States and England and span the period from 1857 to 1977.

"Female Workshop, Sing Sing Prison," from Gleason's Pictoral, Oct. 21, 1854

"Female Workshop, Sing Sing Prison," from Gleason's Pictoral, Oct. 21, 1854

The collection includes some unique 19th century material such as correspondence relating to the founding of the Maine Industrial School for Girls (1862-1890), correspondence of prison reformer Miriam Van Waters (1930-1969), and one letter from Dorothea Dix (1882). Other material includes an undated typescript by a Dr. Tenebaum titled "The Riddle of a Woman," and an unpublished course paper by a Hampshire College student titled "Women in Prisons" (1972).

The bulk the collection consists of printed material. There are a large number of newspaper clippings and magazine articles that profile jailed women, analyze patterns of female crime, advocate better treatment of women prisoners, or describe new methods for punishing/rehabilitating women who violate the law. Most of these are dated from the 1960s to the 1970s, but a few are from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Also included are annual reports and promotional material from organizations and programs that address the needs of women in the criminal justice system. Organizations include the Pennsylvania Program for Woman and Girl Offenders, the Fortune Society, Aid to Incarcerated Women, and the American Civil Liberties Union. Other printed sources in the collection include leaflets for anti-prison rallies, excerpts from the Congressional Record, and reports from state agencies.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Material in this collection may be protected by copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy all copyright holders. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Crime, Prisons, and Reform Schools Collection, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Materials in this subject collection were purchased or given to the Sophia Smith Collection by various donors.

Accruals:

Periodic additions to collection are expected.

Processing Information

Finding aid revised in 2002. Text by Kate Weigand. Recent additions may not be reflected in the finding aid.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/emailform.html
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Bibliography,
1973

Box 1: folder 1
Crime



Clippings,
1972-74

Box 1: folder 2
Articles and other printed material,
1875, 1970-77

Box 1: folder 3
National Association of Women in Criminal Justice News,
1975-80

Box 1: folder 3a
Prisoners



Clippings,
1968-77

Box 1: folder 4
Pictures,
1854, 1863

Box 1: folder 5
Creative writing publications,
1974, 1986

Box 1: folder 5a
Massachusetts, Governor's Commission on the Status of Women, Educational Task Force report: The Female Offender by Kay Bourne,
1972

Box 1: folder 6
Pennsylvania Program for Women and Girl Offenders



General,
1973

Box 1: folder 7
Inside/Outside,
1975-77

Box 1: folder 7a
Women's Prison Association: printed material,
1957, 1972

Box 1: folder 8
Pamphlets,
1912

Box 1: folder 9
Unpublished papers,
n.d.

Box 1: folder 10
Articles and other printed material,
1971-84

Box 1: folder 11
The Woman Offender Report,
May/Jun-Nov/Dec 1975

Box 1: folder 12
Maine Industrial School for Girls



Resolution presented to the Maine House of Representatives (draft), ; clipping,
1867 n.d.

Box 2: folder 12a
Correspondence re: establishment,
1862-67

Box 2: folder 12b
Miscellaneous correspondence,
1880-1900

Box 2: folder 12c
Prison reform



General,
1969, n.d.

Box 2: folder 13
Dorothea Dix,
1850, 1882, n.d.

Box 2: folder 14
Margery Fry,
1958

Box 2: folder 15
Sarah Martin,
n.d.

Box 2: folder 16
Miriam Van Waters: correspondence, clippings and articles,
1930, 1966-69, n.d.

Box 2: folder 17-18
Books on Shelf



Mathilda Wrede of Finland, Friend of Prisoners by Lilian Stevenson
(1925)


Rebels in the Streets: The Story of New York's Girls' Gangs by Kitty Hanson
(1964)



Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887
  • Female juvenile delinquents--History
  • Female offenders--History
  • Maine Industrial School for Girls (Hallowell, Maine)--History
  • Prison reformers--History--Sources
  • Prisons--History--Sources
  • Reformatories for women--United States--History
  • Van Waters, Miriam
  • Women prisoners--History--Sources
  • Women social reformers--United States


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