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Charlotte Burgis DeForest Papers, 1903-1960
4 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 44

Abstract:
Missionary. President, Kobe College. Papers include correspondence, memorabilia, photographs, clippings, awards and citations, and writings. Personal and professional correspondence includes letters from friends and colleagues in Japan, mostly relating to her work at Kobe College.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.

Restrictions on use:

The copyright owner of this collection is unknown. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note
Charlotte B. DeForest at the Manzanar War Relocation Center, California, Dec. 1945

Charlotte B. DeForest at the Manzanar War
Relocation Center, California, Dec. 1945

Charlotte Burgis DeForest was born in Osaka, Japan, in 1879. Her parents were pioneer missionaries and her father, John Hyde Deforest was decorated by Emperor Meiji for efforts to promote international friendship and for relief work during the 1906 famine. Charlotte earned an A.B. (1901) and A.M. (1907) from Smith College, and received an honorary degree from Smith in 1921. In 1903, she volunteered for service with the American Board of commissioners for Foreign Missions to work in Japan . She spent ten years on the faculty at Kobe College in Nishinomya, originally a missionary school and now the oldest Christian College in Japan. In 1915 she became President of the college, a position she retained until 1940. She was awarded the Sacred Cross by Emperor Hirohito in 1940. During World War II, DeForest returned to the United States and taught Japanese at Pomona College. She was also a counselor at the Manzanar Relocation Center, a Japanese internment camp in California, 1941-45. In 1950, DeForest was decorated by the Japanese government for "services in the education of Japanese women." After her retirement in 1950, she resided in Claremont, California. She published several books, including Evolution of a Missionary (1914), a biography of her father; Poems Down the Years; The Prancing Pony (1968), a book of Japanese nursery rhymes translated to English that won the Chicago Tribune book award; and History of Kobe College, compiled for the 75th anniversary, 1950. Charlotte DeForest died in 1973.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Charlotte Burgis DeForest Papers consist of 1.5 linear feet and include correspondence, memorabilia, photographs, clippings, awards and citations, and writings. Personal and professional correspondence includes letters from friends and colleagues in Japan, most related to her work at Kobe College. Historical material on Kobe College includes articles by DeForest; her book, History of Kobe College; and college publications such as brochures, calendars, reports, historical sketches, and handbooks (1925-50). Writings include manuscripts of her books, the paper "Some Types of Japanese Poetry" she submitted for her Master's thesis, as well as other short pieces and poems. There is also a paper entitled "Well-known Professional Women of Japan" (1960) written by Chieko Cho. Memorabilia includes a pair of sandals, Smith College Club pins, a plaque and a book of photographs regarding the 85th anniversary of Kobe College. Clippings and articles relate to DeForest's her life and activities, and details pertinent to Kobe College. Also included is one file of Charlotte's sister, Sarah DeForest Pettus with correspondence, articles, and an essay entitled "Prison conditions in Peking" (n.d.).


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.

Restrictions on use:

The copyright owner of this collection is unknown. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

The Charlotte B. DeForest Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, MA

History of the Collection

Charlotte Burgis DeForest donated her papers to the Sophia Smith Collection in 1960.

Processing Information

Finding aid revised in 2002 by Christine Jedziniak, intern.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL



Obituaries,
1973

Box 1: folder 1
Biography, clippings, pamphlets


Box 1: folder 2
Awards and citations


Box 1: folder 3-4
Correspondence



United States


Box 1: folder 5
Letters from Japan (includes many copies),
1921-50

Box 1: folder 6
Writings



The Prancing Pony
(1967)

Box 1: folder 7
Some types of Japanese Poetry (Smith College Masters thesis),
1901

Box 1: folder 7a
Transcripts (includes autobiographical sketch),
1967

Box 1: folder 8
Published writings


Box 1: folder 9
Some Post-War Correspondence in Japan,
1947-1950, n.d.

Box 1: folder 10
Patsy and I: My Conversation with the Lord in an Old Folks Home,
n.d.

Box 1
Dr. Tasuku Harada's, 115 Japanese Nursery Rhymes,
1908

Box 1: folder 11
Miscellaneous short pieces


Box 1: folder 12
Photographs of Charlotte DeForest


Box 1: folder 13
Visas and passports


Box 1: folder 14
Pettus, Sarah DeForest (sister): correspondence, articles, passport, and essay on "Prison conditions in Peking,"
n.d.

Box 1: folder 15
Note:
SERIES II. KOBE COLLEGE



The History of Kobe College by Charlotte Burgis DeForest,
1950

Box 2: folder 1
Calendar, charter, courses, and history


Box 2: folder 2
Clippings and newsletters


Box 2: folder 3
"College Education for Women in the U.S.A.," Monkichi Namba


Box 2: folder 4
Kobe College dedication,
1934

Box 2: folder 5
Japan Advertiser--Kobe College Special Education


Box 2: folder 6
Publications


Box 2: folder 7
Miscellaneous


Box 2: folder 8
Reports


Box 2: folder 9
Searle Chapel dedication


Box 2: folder 10
Kobe College 85th Anniversary: photograph album,
1960

Box 3
"Well-Known Professional Women of Japan" by Chieko Cho
(1960)

Box 3
SERIES III. MEMORABILIA



Japanese slippers


Box 4
Pins


Box 4
Silver plaque


Box 4
SERIES IV. JAPANESE FRIENDS and JAPANESE IN THE U.S.



Japanese in U.S.A. during war: miscellaneous,
1941-45

Box 4: folder 1
Japanese in U.S.A. during war, Manzanar, CA,
1941-45

Box 4: folder 2
Japanese women: articles and letter


Box 4: folder 3
Cho family: correspondence to DeForest, article, and translation


Box 4: folder 4
Prostitution: Japan League for the Abolition of Licensed Prostitution,
1926-29

Box 4: folder 5
Hasegawa, Hatsune: articles and photos


Box 4: folder 6
Otake, Matsuko: correspondence to DeForest and articles


Box 4: folder 7
Cho, Chieko: translation of Japanese doctor's life of Schweitzer,
1957

Box 4: folder 8
OVERSIZE MATERIALS



Wall hanging from women in a small Chinese village


Flat File

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • DeForest, Charlotte B. (Charlotte Burgis), b. 1879., 1879-1973
  • Education--Japan--History--20th century--Sources
  • Japan--History--20th century--Sources
  • Japan--description and travel--Sources
  • Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • Kobe Jogakuin Daigaku--History--Sources
  • Missionaries--Japan--History--Sources
  • Nursery rhymes, Japanese--History--Sources
  • Women--Japan--History--20th century--Sources


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