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Nanette K. Gartrell Papers, 1949-2015
3 bankers boxes (3 linear ft.)
Collection number: 745

Abstract:
Nanette K. Gartrell, born in 1949, is an American psychiatrist, researcher, lesbian activist and author. The collection documents Gartrell's personal and professional life and is comprised of materials concerning Gartrell's advocacy for women's rights and LGBT people within the American Psychiatric Association; educational programs to promote non-homophobic healthcare; the lesbian physician's conference, Women in Medicine; studies on sexual abuse and her U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study; and Gartrell's relationship with Dee (Diane) Mosbacher, MD, PhD.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following caveats:

  • This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.
  • Partially restricted access - contact the Sophia Smith Collection for more information.
  • Access to audiovisual materials may first require production of research copies.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to unpublished works created by Nanette K. Gartrell in this collection. Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Nanette K. Gartrell, born in 1949, grew up in Santa Barbara, CA. She attended Stanford University (B.A., 1972) and the University of California (M.D., 1976). She received her psychiatric training at Harvard Medical School (1976-1979). Gartrell served on the faculty of Harvard Medical School (1976-1987) and was on the faculty of the University of California, San Francisco (1988-2011). Since 2009, she has been Visiting Distinguished Scholar at the Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, and had a Guest Appointment at the University of Amsterdam. Gartrell was the first openly lesbian physician of Harvard Medical School's full-time faculty and the youngest psychiatrist to chair the American Psychiatric Association's Committee on Women.

In her official capacity as an advocate for women's mental health, she surveyed physicians about sexual contact with patients and became internationally known for her research on ethics in medicine. Based in part on Gartrell's research and publications, the American Psychiatric Association and the American Medical Association amended their ethics codes to rule sexual involvement with current or former patients unacceptable. Gartrell's work on ethics was also featured in the PBS Frontline documentary, My Doctor, My Lover. Gartrell is best known as principal researcher of the U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study, the longest-running, ongoing study of lesbian families with children conceived through donor insemination during the lesbian baby boom of the 1980s. Research publications resulting from this work have been cited internationally in litigation and legislation concerning equality in marriage, foster care, and adoption, and were noted in briefs filed with the U.S. Supreme Court in support of marriage equality. The findings from Gartrell's studies also played a critical role in the American Academy of Pediatrics' affirmation of same-gender marriage.

Gartrell and her spouse, Dee Mosbacher, MD, PhD, have been together since 1975 and were first married in San Francisco in 2004. A few months later, when the California State Supreme Court annulled all the recently performed same-sex marriage, the couple married again in British Columbia. Together they have endowed the Mosbacher/Gartrell Center for Media Experimentation and Activism at Pitzer College, a professional-standard post-production facility as a way of ensuring that the work of filmmakers, like Woman Vision, will continue as long as it is needed.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection documents Gartrell's personal and professional life and contains, but is not limited to, correspondence, clippings, audiovisual materials, transcripts, publications, conference materials, and data. It is comprised of materials concerning Gartrell's advocacy for women's rights and LGBT people within the American Psychiatric Association; educational programs to promote non-homophobic healthcare at Harvard Medical School; the lesbian physician's conference, Women in Medicine; resistance to the American Psychiatric Association's efforts to obstruct her studies on sexually abusive psychitrists; studies on sexual abuse by medical professionals; her U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study; and Gartrell's relationship with Dee (Diane) Mosbacher, MD, PhD.

NOTE: The container list for this collection is available in the Sophia Smith Collection. Please contact us to request a copy.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following caveats:

  • This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.
  • Partially restricted access - contact the Sophia Smith Collection for more information.
  • Access to audiovisual materials may first require production of research copies.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to unpublished works created by Nanette K. Gartrell in this collection. Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Nanette K. Gartrell Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

The papers were donated to the Sophia Smith Collection by Nanette K. Gartrell beginning in 2015.

Accruals:

Periodic additions to collection are expected and may not be reflected in this record.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English


Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • American Medical Association
  • American Psychiatric Association
  • Lesbian activists -- United States -- Biography -- Sources
  • Lesbian mothers -- United States
  • Lesbians -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Medical care -- Law and legislation -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Medical education -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Mosbacher, Dee
  • Physicians -- Lesbian
  • Physicians -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Psychiatrists
  • Sex discrimination in medical education -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • U.S. National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS)
  • Women physicians -- History -- 20th century
  • Women physicians -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Women physicians -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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