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Bertha Capen Reynolds papers, 1907-1994 (Bulk: 1925-1979)
22 boxes, 2 volumes, microfilm (8.75 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 128

Social worker and professor. Reynolds' professional career is well documented, including her years as associate director of the Smith College School for Social Work; as case supervisor at National Maritime Union; and as a teacher of social work. She also published numerous texts on the practice of social work. Material includes correspondence, published and unpublished writings, lectures, oral histories, and memorabilia.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The Bertha C. Reynolds Papers are open for study and research without any special restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The copyright owner of the Bertha C. Reynolds Papers is unknown. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

by Rachel A. Levine Literary Executor

It is thanks to the Centennial Committee of a small core of professional colleagues convened by Jack Kamaiko; to Vida S. Grayson, oral historian, Smith College School for Social Work; and to Dorothy Green, research associate, and Susan Grigg, director, Sophia Smith Collection, that Bertha Capen Reynolds and her writings are being resurrected from virtual oblivion. The centennial programs are to commemorate her birth and her achievements as scholar, teacher, and writer like no other; and to introduce recent generations of students and practitioners, and those to follow, to her rich, thought-provoking, trail? blazing contributions to the social work literature and to the teaching and practice of social work. It would be logical for these people to ask, as some have, why they had not known about so eminent a person during the course of their education and training.

In historical perspective, reasons tend to become obscured or rationalized; but stripped to raw essence, it is for the reason that for the later period of her productive years a conspiracy of silent ostracism, not unlike a gentlemen's agreement, prevailed among the established leadership in the profession and among the prestigious schools of social work and social agencies; and her writings were omitted from the reading lists of schools of social work. The consequences were two-fold: the loss to students of original and stimulating learning materials; and the loss to Bertha C. Reynolds of her lifeline to all levels of contacts that she characterized as "nourishing," as well as the loss of the means of earning a livelihood.

Because such a phenomenon had not occurred in the profession before Bertha C. Reynolds's time and has not occurred since, as far as I know, an explanation is in order. Her writings trace the historical events and the process which brought her to self-liberation from the constraints of time-honored doctrine.

She believed that catastrophes like war, cyclic economic depression, chronic poverty, hunger, and a host of others, and their effects upon the human condition, and on a global scale, are but the symptoms of underlying causes which are rooted in societal values and systems; therefore, the searchlight should be beamed on, and work directed to, the elimination of the causes. Moreover, social work, the profession most intimately knowledgeable about the tolls of such disasters in human misery, and deeply involved in its alleviation, has a role in helping to change value systems in a society which tolerates the degradation of body and spirit of masses of humanity. These principles were (and still are) in sharp contrast to those held acceptable by individuals and groups in power. But what "cooked her goose," to quote a phrase, was that she used Marxist ideology as a frame of reference for her beliefs and its science of society as the key to the solution of such widespread socio-economic-political disasters. And, she dared to present her views in public! Yet paradoxical as it may seem, her abiding faith in her beloved America, and in its people, and in the profession, to show the way to the changes needed for a better world for all peoples, never wavered. "This book is dedicated to an unbreakable tie with the interests of humanity" is the dedication in her book, Social Work and Social Living.

The legacy of the writings of Bertha C. Reynolds to her profession contains searching questions and insightful, incisive answers which are as relevant, if not more so, to today's world as when they were written. Is this legacy worth her sacrifices of creature comforts and of the acclaim which undoubtedly would have been hers had she made compromises to conformity; will it enlighten and inspire others to creative thinking, and to the courage to speak out for infusion of new ideas, without which a profession remains static? I asked her several months before her death, what message would she send to young people entering the profession today? Her response was, "Do not get locked into traditional molds."

Bertha C. Reynolds's writings attest to the wisdom in the Confucian saying, in paraphrase: to understand the present and the future, one must study and know the past. The inference is that the past is a harbinger of the present and the future, the three being linked in a continuum. Judgments as to the veracity of this linkage and its manifestations (as her writings indicate) will no doubt vary when examined in the light of the contemporary American and world scene. But beyond doubt is the rare treat which is in store for those who study her writings for the first time.

February 1985

Biographical Note

Bertha C. Reynolds was a pioneer educator and practitioner in the field of social work and an innovative writer on broader social subjects. These are some principal events in her personal and professional life:

1885 born in Brockton, Massachusetts, on December 11 to Mary (Capen) Reynolds (1853-1947) and Franklin Stewart Reynolds (1853-1887).
1889 moved to the Capen family farm in Stoughton, Massachusetts, after her father's death.
1897 entered school for the first time after home tutoring by her mother.
1904-08 attended Smith College with support of her aunt, Bessie T. Capen, principal of the Capen (later Burnham) School in Northampton; graduated Phi Beta Kappa.
1909-11 taught in the high school department of Atlanta University; left because of ill health.
1912 had brief psychotherapy with James J. Putnam, M.D.
1912-13 enrolled in the Boston School for Social Workers (later the Simmons College School of Social Work).
1913-18 employed as caseworker for the Boston Children's Aid Society.
1914 received B.S. degree from Simmons at the end of one year's employment as a social worker.
participated in the first course in psychiatric social work at Boston Psychopathic Hospital under Elmer E. Southard and Mary C. Jarrett.
completed the first Smith College summer session for social workers, the Training School for Psychiatric Social Work (which later became the Smith College School for Social Work), established to train workers to rehabilitate shell-shocked soldiers.
1919 publication of a monograph, The Selection of Foster Homes for Children, with Mary S. Doran.
1919-23 worked as director of social services at Danvers State Hospital in Massachusetts.
1923-25 worked in new clinics for behavioral training of pre-school children in the Division of Mental Hygiene in Boston.
1925-35 served as associate director of the Smith College School for Social Work, teaching courses in the summer term and supervising students' field placements during the rest of the year; conducted research and had clinical assignments at the Child Guidance Clinic in Philadelphia and at the Institute for Child Guidance and the Jewish Board of Guardians in New York.
1927-28 began an intensive psychoanalysis with Frankwood E. Williams, M.D.
1930 presented her first major paper, "The Role of the Psychiatric Social Worker in Therapy," at the First International Congress on Mental Hygiene.
1930-67 traveled around the country giving speeches and conducting in-service institutes for social workers.
1931-42 publication of many articles in The Family on casework and the relationship of social work to society.
resumed psychoanalysis with Dr. Williams after five-year interval.
was a member of the Milford Conference study group and served as committee secretary.
became a member of the advisory council and an important contributor to Social Work Today, a journal of the rank-and-file movement made up mainly of public relief workers who advocated unionization of social workers.
publication of Between Client and Community: A Study in Responsibility in Social Case Work.
1935 changed positions at the School for Social Work to become associate director in charge of advanced courses; established and taught the first advanced course, Plan D, for the training of supervisors and teachers of social work.
1937 offered her resignation to Everett Kimball, director of the School for Social Work, due to their disagreement over the direction of the program, her political activities, and the termination of Plan D.
left the School for Social Work after teaching the last group in the Plan D program.
publication of "Re-Thinking Social Case Work."
1939-42 self-employed as a consultant in staff development for social work agencies.
1942 publication of her major work for social work educators, Learning and Teaching in the Practice of Social Work, describing the contributions of psychology and the social sciences to the problems of practice and teaching in social work.
1943-47 appointed by the United Seamen's Service to the Personal Service Department of the National Maritime Union, where she became case supervisor.
1948-54 taught a seminar at the William Alanson White Institute in New York on the relationship between social work and psychiatry.
1948 retired to the family home in Stoughton, where she studied Marxist works, corresponded with friends and former students, had a small clinical practice, and worked as a volunteer on community projects, for the Methodist Church, and the Stoughton Historical Society.
1951 publication of Social Work and Social Living, drawing on her National Maritime Union experience.
1963 publication of her autobiography, An Uncharted Journey.
1964 publication of "The Social Casework of an Uncharted Journey" in Social Work.
was honored by Boston University; the Adelphi, Columbia, Fordham, Hunter, New York University, and Yeshiva schools of social work; the New York City chapter of the National Association of Social Workers; and the alumni of the Smith College School for Social Work.
was honored by the town of Stoughton for participation in community affairs.

Bertha C. Reynolds died at home in Stoughton on October 29, 1978.

Scope and contents of the collection

The Bertha C. Reynolds Papers consist of correspondence, writings, printed materials, memorabilia, and miscellaneous papers. They are concentrated in the period following Reynolds's appointment as associate director of the Smith College School for Social Work in 1925 and are strongest for her final decades in Stoughton.

The most outstanding segment of the papers is Reynolds's correspondence with her friends and former students. The letters addressed to her are mainly from the 1960s and 1970s, but her own letters include sequences from the 1930s and 1940s (saved by those who received them). This correspondence is distinguished by its long and thoughtful discussions of professional, political, and religious topics as well as by reports on personal activities. The political and religious interests also appear in printed material gathered over the years and in unpublished writings.

Direct documentation of Reynolds's social work teaching and writing is excellent for some kinds of activities and significant for all others. Her work as associate director of the Smith College School for Social Work is represented by correspondence with Director Everett Kimball spanning the entire period and by notes for an alumnae seminar. Many of her lectures and her contributions to institutes, conferences, and seminars are documented by unpublished texts as well as by correspondence and printed materials. The items related to her published writings consist mainly of correspondence and copies of the publications, but there are also a few manuscripts and typescripts. Her work at the National Maritime Union is represented by staff minutes and position papers, printed material, and correspondence following the termination of the program; this section provides the best documentation of her approach to clinical practice. Her independent consultations are documented in such materials as speeches, correspondence, and brochures, but there are no immediate records of this professional work. Many of these activities are also treated in letters to friends and in autobiographical writings.

Other papers document Reynolds's earlier and later years. Her youth is represented by a diary she compiled retrospectively from family letters, by an unpublished autobiography, and by a few of her undergraduate papers. Aside from her retrospective writings, there is nothing for the period between her graduation from Smith in 1908 and her return in 1918. Her final years in Stoughton are well documented in correspondence, writings, and printed materials about her work on behalf of the Stoughton Fair Housing and Human Rights Association, the Stoughton Historical Society, and the Methodist Church; in correspondence and printed material concerning the honors that she received in the 1960s and 1970s; and also in the aforementioned correspondence with friends.

Organization of the collection

This collection is organized as follows:


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The Bertha C. Reynolds Papers are open for study and research without any special restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The copyright owner of the Bertha C. Reynolds Papers is unknown. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Bertha Capen Reynolds Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

The greater part of the Bertha C. Reynolds Papers was bequeathed to the Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, by Bertha C. Reynolds in her will written in 1969. Reynolds transferred some items in 1968; the rest were received after her death, in part through the efforts of Vida S. Grayson, Rachel A. Levine, and Orrin Hansen. These materials have been augmented by gifts of Reynolds's letters and other papers and photographs from Rachel A. Levine, Jack Kamaiko, Eleanor Flexner and Helen Terry, Charlotte and Ray Koch, Ruth Middleman, Clara Rabinowitz, Constance Kyle Lamb, Rose Noble, Tomannie Walker, Ruth Newman Schwarz, Norma and Wesley Stinson, Vivian Pataki, Ruth Harper, Tessie Berkman (via Devora Schwebel), Fay Goleman, and the Stoughton Historical Society.

Processing Information

Processed by Dorothy Green and Susan Grigg, 1985. Finding aid revised 2007.

Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Series Descriptions
1.0 linear ft.

This series has three sections: Individual Correspondence: Incoming; Individual Correspondence: Outgoing; and Miscellaneous Correspondence. Other letters are filed according to subject in other series.

Individual Correspondence consists mainly of letters exchanged between Bertha Reynolds and her friends and former students. All the letters have been arranged according to the name of Reynolds's correspondent.

Miscellaneous Correspondence is arranged by subject. The folders on "Religion" include exchanges with Dale White and Wesley Stinson, ministers of the Stoughton Methodist Church.

.75 linear ft.

This series has six sections: Danvers State Hospital; Smith College School for Social Work; Institute for Child Guidance; National Maritime Union; William Alanson White Institute; and Speeches, Institutes, Seminars.

The first section contains case studies used at Danvers State Hospital.

Reynolds's work at the Smith College School for Social Work is represented by papers related to a seminar for alumnae, correspondence with Everett Kimball, and two case histories probably used for teaching. Additional documentation of Plan D can be found in the Smith College Archives.

Institute for Child Guidance has a very small amount of descriptive material about the organization, and the proposal and notes for the final report of a study by Reynolds about adolescent girls in a Harlem school. Her letter of appointment to the institute is also included in this folder.

The papers in the National Maritime Union section consist of minutes of some staff meetings, staff papers on policy matters, and some general descriptive material. A letter in the United Seaman's Service folder (Reynolds being their representative to the NMU) describes her work in detail.

The seminar taught by Reynolds at the William Alanson White Institute in New York is described in a bulletin. There is also correspondence about her appointment and work at the institute.

Speeches, Institutes, Seminars contains, in chronological order, texts or notes of most of the speeches given by Reynolds and some routine correspondence; there are also programs, reprints, session transcripts or notes, and correspondence for most of the institutes and seminars that Reynolds gave or participated in from 1929 to 1975 and a text that she used in a debate in 1919.

2.25 linear ft.

This series is divided into Correspondence about Publications and Published and Unpublished Works.

Correspondence about Publications consists mainly of letters exchanged with the group of friends who organized themselves into the Publication Committee for her autobiography, An Uncharted Journey. The rest of this section, arranged by title of the work, consists mostly of routine communications with editors and publishers.

Unless otherwise noted, Published Works contains only writings in their final printed form.

Unpublished Works consists of the "Informal Autobiography," Reynolds's annual greeting in verse, and writings on religion and other personal subjects written mostly in her retirement years.

1.0 linear ft.

This series contains materials collected by Bertha Reynolds. The first section, Organizations, consists almost entirely of printed materials of professional associations, unions, and organizations for political and social action. There is a completed form about her history in the Communist party in the folder on that organization. The second section, Miscellaneous, consists mostly of printed materials spanning many of Reynolds's interests plus a transcript of a case history (not by Reynolds) and a typewritten memoir of an unidentified survivor of the Holocaust.

1.75 linear ft.

Scope and content:

The first section, Biographical Material, consists of biographical articles, obituaries, and diaries; Smith College undergraduate papers and alumnae materials; correspondence, notes, and printed materials documenting Reynolds's work on behalf of the Stoughton Fair Housing and Human Rights Association, the Stoughton Historical Society, and the First Methodist Church in Stoughton; miscellaneous papers about Reynolds's life in Stoughton; and correspondence and printed materials, including testimonies by leading social workers related to honors and tributes. The second section, Photographs, contains a small number of photographs of Reynolds and others taken from 1925 to 1979. Memorabilia contains a plaque from the Stoughton community, books and papers given by friends, sometimes with inscriptions, and a family history by her brother Frank W. Reynolds.


[See also Additions to Collection and Oral Histories at the end of Container List]

Contents List

Individual Correspondence: Incoming

1951, 1971-78

Box 1: folder 1

Box 1: folder 2
Arrington, Winifred,

Box 1: folder 3
Deschin, Celia,
1964-70, undated

Box 1: folder 4
Eden, Marilyn,

Box 1: folder 5
Engel, Judith,
1968-74, undated

Box 1: folder 6
Flexner, Eleanor, and Helen Terry,
1961-73, undated

Box 1: folder 7
Glass, Robert,
1966-72, undated

Box 1: folder 8
Hayes, Dorothy,

Box 1: folder 9
Kamaiko, Jack,

Box 1: folder 10
Koch, Ray and Charlotte ("Chucky"),
1962, 1969-75

Box 1: folder 11
Levine, Rachel A.,

Box 1: folder 12
Levine, Rachel A.,

Box 1: folder 13
Levine, Rachel A.,
1962-69, 1978

Box 1: folder 14
Marsh, Marguerite,
1966-70, undated

Box 1: folder 15
Middleman, Ruth,

Box 1: folder 16
Reed, Mildred,

Box 1: folder 17
Van Kleeck, Mary,
1943, 1949, 1963

Box 1: folder 18
Weed, Verne,
1967-74, undated

Box 1: folder 19
Individual Correspondence: Outgoing


Box 1: folder 20
Berkman, Tessie,

Box 1: folder 21
Berkman, Tessie,

Box 1: folder 22
Berkman, Tessie,

Box 1: folder 23
Berkman, Tessie,
1960-75, undated

Box 1: folder 24
Boggs, James,

Box 1: folder 25
Flexner, Eleanor, and Helen Terry,

Box 2: folder 26
Flexner, Eleanor, and Helen Terry,

Box 2: folder 27
Flexner, Eleanor, and Helen Terry,

Box 2: folder 28
Flexner, Eleanor, and Helen Terry,

Box 2: folder 29
Goleman, Fay and Judith,

Box 2: folder 30
Harper, Ruth,
1962-66, 1973

Box 2: folder 31
Koch, Ray and Charlotte,

Box 2: folder 32
Koch, Ray and Charlotte,

Box 2: folder 33
Koch, Ray and Charlotte,

Box 2: folder 34
Levine, Rachel A.,

Box 2: folder 35
Levine, Rachel A.,

Box 2: folder 36
Levine, Rachel A.,

Box 2: folder 37
Levine, Rachel A.,

Box 2: folder 38
Levine, Rachel A.,

Box 2: folder 39
Middleman, Ruth,
1974, 1976

Box 2: folder 40
Noble, Rosel,

Box 2: folder 41
Pataki, Vivian (includes Pearl Turk, Lois, and Murray Kaufman)
1948-73, undated

Box 2: folder 42
Rabinowitz, Clar,

Box 2: folder 43
Schwarz, Ruth Newman,

Box 2: folder 44
Stinson, Norma and Wesley,

Box 2: folder 45
Miscellaneous Correspondence

Readers' comments on An Uncharted Journey,

Box 2: folder 46
Readers' comments on other works by, Bertha C. Reynolds

Box 2: folder 47

Box 2: folder 48

Box 2: folder 49

Box 2: folder 50
Professional subjects,
1939, 1951,1968-75

Box 2: folder 51
Social Work Today, back issues,
1959-64, 1975

Box 2: folder 52

Danvers State Hospital

Case studies,
1922 Jan

Box 3: folder 53
Smith College School for Social Work

Seminar on case work: notes,

Box 3: folder 54
Everett Kimball: correspondence,

Box 3: folder 55
Everett Kimball: correspondence,

Box 3: folder 56
Case histories,
1932, 1934

Box 3: folder 57
Institute for Child Guidance

Attitude Study: preliminary draft, report,printed materials,
1930, undated

Box 3: folder 58
National Maritime Union

Staff meetings: minutes,

Box 3: folder 59
Staff policies and procedures: position papers, notes,
1944-46, undated

Box 3: folder 60
Clippings and other printed materials,
1943-47, undated

Box 3: folder 61
1942-45, undated

Box 3: folder 62
United Seamen's Service: correspondence,
1947-52, undated

Box 3: folder 63
William Alanson White Institute

Seminar: bulletin, correspondence,
1949, 1954, 1955

Box 3: folder 64
Speeches, Institutes, Seminars

First International Conference on Mental Hygiene: correspondence, abstract, printed material,

Box 4: folder 65
First International Conference on Mental Hygiene: proceedings, program,

Box 4: folder 66
Invitations to speak: correspondence,

Box 5: folder 67
Speaking dates and institutes: lists made by Bertha C. Reynolds,

Box 5: folder 68
Consultant in Staff Development: brochure,

Box 5: folder 69
Association of Massachusetts State Hospital Social Workers, debate: typescript -,
1919 Jul 10

Box 5: folder 70
Institute on Supervision, Cleveland:typed notes,
1932 Oct 25-26

Box 5: folder 70
Institute, St. Louis: typed notes,
1933 Apr 8-9

Box 5: folder 70
"The Relationship Between Psychiatry and Psychiatric Social Work," American Association of Psychiatric Social,

Box 5: folder 70
Workers, Kansas City: text "Critic's Response," American,
1935 Feb 22

Box 5: folder 70
Orthopsychiatric Association: text "Loyalties," the Supervisors Association,of the Emergency Relief Bureau, New York: notes and correspondence,
1935 Dec

Box 5: folder 70
Child Welfare Training Supervisors' Institute, Cleveland: transcribed notes,
1936 Feb l8-19

Box 5: folder 70
"Changing Attitudes in Case Work,"Detroit Regional Conference of Social Work: text,
1936 Apr 17-18

Box 5: folder 71
"Mental Hygiene in Social Work,"Frankwood E. Williams memorial meeting, New York: text,
1936 Nov 15

Box 5: folder 71
"Inter-relations Between Group Work and Case Work, and What a Course in Case Work can give to Group Workers-in-Training That Will Meet Their Needs in Their Own Field," seminar, Temple University, Philadelphia: outline, reports of planning committee meetings, notes,
1936 Nov-1937 Jan

Box 5: folder 72
"Worker-Client Relationships, or Responsibility in Social Case Work," Institute, New England Inter-City Conference of Family Welfare Societies, Cambridge: report of sessions,
1937 Feb 26-27

Box 5: folder 72
Radio talk, Community Forum, St. Louis: text,
1939 Jan 21

Box 5: folder 72
In-Service Training Course, Seminar on Interviewing, Domestic Relations Court, New York: reports of sessions,
1939 Nov-Mar

Box 5: folder 73
Institute, State Supervisory Staff, Dept. of Public Welfare, Richmond: letter describing one session,
1940 Nov-Jan

Box 5: folder 73
Staff Discussion Group, Medical Social Service Department, Bellevue Hospital, New York: reports of sessions,
1940 Feb-Apr

Box 5: folder 73
"Social Breakdown," Psychiatric Social Workers' Round Table, Providence: notes,
1940 Feb 7

Box 5: folder 73
"Supervision of Supervisors," Summer Institute, Michigan State College, East Lansing: notes,
1940 Jul 15-19

Box 5: folder 74
Discussion of paper of Almena Dawley, American Orthopsychiatric Association: text,

Box 5: folder 74
"Diagnostic Case Recording," Institute,Council of Social Agencies, Dayton: summary,
1941 Jan 23-24

Box 5: folder 74
"Conversation Overheard This Morning," Psychiatric Supervisors' Seminar, New York School of Social Work: notes,
1941 Mar 19

Box 5: folder 74
"Social Work Trying to Practice Democracy," Institute, AASW Chapter, Columbus: text,
1941 Apr 24

Box 5: folder 74
"Case Work-Group Work: Relationships and Cooperative Services," seminar: notes,
1941 May 19

Box 5: folder 74
Institute on Supervision, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge: outline,
1941 Jul 7-11

Box 5: folder 74
"Social Work in the National Emergency," Conference on Social Work in the National Emergency, Social Service Administration Club, University of Chicago: summary,
1941 Aug 15-16

Box 5: folder 74
"Personal Service to Seamen," National Conference of Social Work, Cleveland: text,
1944 May

Box 5: folder 75
"Health Security in Post War America," Second Wartime Conference on Labor Health Security, New York: text,
1944 Dec 8

Box 5: folder 75
"Recognition of the Right to Assistance and its Effect on Social Work in a Public Assistance Agency," National Conference of Social Work, Buffalo: text, correspondence,
1946 May 23

Box 5: folder 75
"Social Psychiatry and Personal Service in a Social Agency-Trade Union Setting," American Orthopsychiatric Association: text, discussion,
1947 Feb

Box 5: folder 75
"Our Future in Social Work ... With What Allies?" Local 19 and National Social Service Division, UOPWA: transcript,
1948 Feb 14

Box 5: folder 75
"Are Private Agencies Meeting Their Responsibilities?" National Conference of Social Work: announcement,
1948 Apr

Box 5: folder 75
"Preparation of Social Workers for Meeting the Emotional Needs of People," South East Regional Conference on Student Education, Nashville School of Social Work, Nashville: text,
1948 Jun 9

Box 5: folder 75
"Supervision as a Means of Professional Growth," Institute on Social Welfare University of California, Berkeley: summary,
1948 Jul 23-24

Box 5: folder 76
"Responsibility of Social Work to the People It Serves," National Conference of Social Work, Cleveland: announcement,
1949 Jun

Box 5: folder 76
Consultations, Menninger Foundation: correspondence, schedule,
1950 Jan 30-Feb 1

Box 5: folder 76
"Differences within Labor and their Effect on the Social Work Field: From the Point of View of the Profession," National Conference of Social Work, Atlantic City: text, announcement, correspondence,
1950 Apr

Box 5: folder 76
"The Child's Needs in the Family," panel leader, National Bread and Butter Conference on Child Welfare, Chicago: proceedings, program,
1950 Apr 15-16

Box 5: folder 76
"Some Contributions and Challenges of Today," Tennessee State Conference of Social Work: text,
1950 May 5

Box 5: folder 76
"Civil Liberties and Peace," discussion, New England Conference of Minute Women for Peace: notes,
1950 Jun 24

Box 5: folder 77
"Problems Facing the Social Worker Today," Philadelphia Chapter, American Association of Group Workers: correspondence, program,
1951 Apr 7

Box 5: folder 77
"Social Work and Social Living," discussion, Los Angeles: announcement,
1951 May 10

Box 5: folder 77
"Casework in a Time of Stress" and "Social Workers' Professional Responsibilities," pre-conference seminars, Oregon State Conference of Social Work, Portland: program,
1951 May 23-24

Box 5: folder 77
"Social Work Faces World Conflict," Social Service Volunteers for Peace, New York: text, correspondence, broadside,
1952 Jan 30

Box 5: folder 77
"Social Work and Social Living," American Association of Group Workers, Detroit: notes, program.
1952 Apr 26

Box 5: folder 77
"We Are Responsible," American Association of Social Workers, Connecticut State Conference of Social Work, Hartford: text (part), program,
1952 Nov 13

Box 5: folder 77
Seminar on Social Work and Seminar on Social Group Work, courses given at Jefferson School of Social Science, New York: outlines,
1953 Mar-May

Box 5: folder 78
"Fear in our Culture," Cleveland Council of Arts, Sciences and Professions, National Conference of Social Work, Cleveland: text, broadside.
1953 Jun 4

Box 5: folder 78
"From Korean Truce to World Peace," National Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions, New York: broadside, outline,
1953 Sep 27

Box 5: folder 78
"From Mass to Individual; From Isolation to a Social Community," Family Service of Oakland County, Birmingham, Michigan: text, correspondence,
1954 Jan 26

Box 5: folder 78
"McCarthyism vs. Social Work," National Council of the Arts, Sciences and Professions, New York: broadside, text (1954 May 5),
1954 May 12

Box 5: folder 78
"From Mass to Individual; From Isolation, toward a Social Community," Jefferson School, New York: text,
1956 Mar 8

Box 5: folder 78
Comment on "Social Work: A Profession Chasing its Tail," California Conference on Health, Welfare and Recreation, San Jose: clippings, text, correspondence,
1957 May

Box 5: folder 79
"Is Social Work a Profession Chasing its Tail? (Social Work in the Light of its History)," Family Service Staff, Los Angeles: notes,
1957 Jun 5

Box 5: folder 79
"Social Work and the World's Dilemma: What to Do with the Throwaways," institute, Mt. Zion Hospital, San Francisco: outline,
1957 Apr 25-26

Box 5: folder 79
Workshop on Staff Supervision, National Association of Social Workers, Los Angeles: schedule and bibliography,
1957 Jun 11

Box 5: folder 79
"Mental Health Concepts in the Practice and Teaching of Social Work," the Ruth Kotinsky Memorial Lectures, New York: text, correspondence, announcement,
1961 Apr 21

Box 5: folder 79
"The Social Casework of an Uncharted Journey," New York Chapter, Alumnae Association, Smith College School for Social Work, New York (also given to supervisors of Simmons College of Social Work, 1964 Apr 8): text,
1963 Oct 24

Box 5: folder 80
"Human Rights," Blue Hill Chapter, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom: text,
1963 Dec 9

Box 5: folder 80
"Social Work and the Life of its Time," Maryland Chapter, National Association of Social Workers, Baltimore: text,
1965 Jan 21

Box 5: folder 80
"What Can Science Do for Warmth of Understanding," Social Service, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore: text,
1965 Jan 21

Box 5: folder 80
"Individual Freedom in an Advanced Industrial Society," Brandeis University, Waltham: text,
1965 Apr 29

Box 5: folder 80
"Learning and Teaching in the Practice of Social Work," Conference of Supervisors and Teachers, Boston University of Social Work: text,
1965 May 14

Box 5: folder 80

Correspondence About Publications

An Uncharted Journey

Publication Committee,

Box 6: folder 81
Publication Committee,
1960 Jan-Sep

Box 6: folder 82
Publication Committee,
1960 Oct-Nov

Box 6: folder 83
Publication Committee,
1961-1962 Jun

Box 6: folder 84
Publication Committee,
1962 Jul-1963

Box 6: folder 85
Book contract and correspondence,
1962 Jul

Box 6: folder 86
"Advance or Retreat",

Box 6: folder 87
"The American Family and Socialism",

Box 6: folder 88
"Focus on Peace",

Box 6: folder 89
Learning and Teaching in the Practice of Social Work,
1942-43, 1959-77

Box 6: folder 90
"The Press Lies about Relief",

Box 6: folder 91
"Re-Thinking Social Case Work",

Box 6: folder 92
Social Work and Social Living,

Box 6: folder 93
Social Work and Social Living, National Association of Social Workers Classics Series,

Box 6: folder 94
Social Work Today (England),
1970, undated

Box 6: folder 95
Correspondence about other articles and book reviews,

Box 6: folder 96
Published Works

[see also Books and pamphlets on shelf]

Lists of writings,
ca. 1968, undated

Box 6: folder 97

Box 6: folder 98

Box 6: folder 99
Article, "Is Homemaking a Helping Profession?": typescript,

Box 7: folder 100
Book reviews by Reynolds,

Box 7: folder 101
Reviews of Reynolds's books,

Box 7: folder 102
Essays in books,
1948, 1958

Box 7: folder 103
Pamphlets and reprints,

Box 7: folder 104
Published letters,
1955, 1970

Box 7: folder 105
Reports, Danvers State Hospital,
1918, 1919

Box 7: folder 106

Between Client and Community: A Study in Responsibility: Social Case Work (New York: Oriole Editions, Inc., ), first published in Smith College Studies in Social Work 5 (1934): 1-128

Box 8: folder 107
________Silver Spring, Md.: NASW Classics Series, National Association of Social Workers, Inc., )

Box 8: folder 107
Learning and Teaching in the Practice of Social Work (New York: Farrar & Rinehart, Inc., )

Box 8: folder 107
________(New York: Rinehart & Co., Inc., 1942; 5th printing )
Mar. 1953

Box 8: folder 107
________(New York: Russell & Russell, Inc., )

Box 8: folder 107
________(Silver Spring, Md.: NASW Classics Series, National Association of Social Workers, Inc., )

Box 8: folder 107
Social Work and Social Living: Explorations in Philosophy and Practice (New York: Citadel Press, )

Box 8: folder 107
________(Washington, D.C.: NASW Classics Series, National Association of Social Workers, Inc. )

Box 8: folder 107
An Uncharted Journey: Fifty Years of Growth in Social Work (New York: The Citadel Press, )

Box 8: folder 107
________(New York: The Citadel Press, )

Box 8: folder 107
________(Hebron, Conn.: Practitioners Press, )

Box 8: folder 107
An Uncharted Journey: typescript,

Box 9: folder 108
Social Work and Social Living: typescript ,

Box 10: folder 109
Other Published Works

Manuscripts and typescripts,
1917-65, undated

Box 10: folder 110
"Labor and Social Work": printed source materials,
1943-46, undated

Box 10: folder 111
Unpublished Works

"Informal Autobiography": typescript,

Box 10: folder 112
Annual verses by Bertha C. Reynolds: scrapbook compiled by Reynolds and Rachel A. Levine containing printed texts with notes by Reynolds,

Box 10: folder 113
Annual verses by Bertha C. Reynolds: printed texts,

Box 10: folder 114
Religious subjects,
1961-67, undated

Box 10: folder 115
Miscellaneous writings,
1928, 1947-74

Box 10: folder 116
Miscellaneous writings,

Box 10: folder 117


American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born,

Box 11: folder 118
American Institute for Marxist Studies,
1967-75, undated

Box 11: folder 119
Avon Institute,
1954, undated

Box 11: folder 120
Citizens Committee for Constitutional Liberties,

Box 11: folder 121
The Claude Williams Committee,

Box 11: folder 122
Communist party,

Box 11: folder 123
Gould Farm,

Box 11: folder 124
Methodist Federation for Social Action,
1937, 1967-76

Box 11: folder 125
National Association of Social Workers,
1963-79, undated

Box 11: folder 126
National Conference of Social Work,

Box 11: folder 127
National Conference on Social Welfare,

Box 11: folder 128
Packard Manse,

Box 11: folder 129
Progressive Citizens of America,

Box 11: folder 130
Radical Alliance of Social Service Workers,

Box 11: folder 131
Rosenberg, Ethel and Julius, and Morton Sobell,

Box 11: folder 132
Southern Conference Educational Fund,

Box 11: folder 133
Unions, Personal Service Departments,
1947-51, 1968, undated

Box 11: folder 134
United Texas Service Committees,

Box 11: folder 135
Veterans of the Lincoln Brigade,

Box 11: folder 136

Africa, Korea, India,
1948-70, undated

Box 12: folder 137
China, Cuba, Russia,

Box 12: folder 138
Civil liberties,

Box 12: folder 139
Environmental issues,
1942, 1973-77 undated

Box 12: folder 140
1964, undated

Box 12: folder 141
Luscomb, Florence,

Box 12: folder 142
"Memoir of a Holocaust Survivor",

Box 12: folder 143
1947, 1963, 1971

Box 12: folder 144
1959, 1975, undated

Box 12: folder 145
1942, 1955

Box 12: folder 146
1968, 1976

Box 12: folder 147
Vocabulary building,
1965, 1971

Box 12: folder 148
Welfare issues,
1947-69, undated

Box 12: folder 149
Williams, Frankwood E.,
1929, 1936, undated

Box 12: folder 150
1935, 1950-73, undated

Box 12: folder 151

Biographical Material

Articles about Bertha C. Reynolds,
1964, 1971-77

Box 13: folder 152
Biographical dictionaries: completed formform letters,
1970, 1975-76

Box 13: folder 153
Obituaries: articles, clippings, correspondence,
1978 Oct-1979 Jan

Box 13: folder 154
"Diary," compiled by Bertha C. Reynolds,from family letters,
1894-1924, post-1946

Box 13: folder 155
"Diary," compiled by Bertha C. Reynolds from family letters,
1925-1935, post-1946

Box 13: folder 156
"Diary," compiled by Bertha C. Reynolds from family letters,
1936-1946, post-1946

Box 13: folder 157
Smith College

Undergraduate papers,
1907, undated

Box 13: folder 158
Class of 1908: correspondence, notes, transcript,
1923, 1933,1965-73

Box 13: folder 159
Training School for Psychiatric Social Work: memorabilia, reprints,

Box 13: folder 160
School for Social Work, Alumnae Association: correspondence and form letters,
1943, 1959-75

Box 13: folder 161
School for Social Work, Alumni Study Questionnaire: completed form,

Box 13: folder 162
School for Social Work: notes and printed material,
196?, 1960

Box 13: folder 163

Fair Housing and Human Rights Association

1964, 1971-72, undated

Box 13: folder 164
Notes and printed materials for history course,

Box 13: folder 165

Box 13: folder 166
Questionnaire, printed material,
1963-70, undated

Box 13: folder 167
Clippings and printed materials,

Box 13: folder 168
Historical Society,
1969-77, undated

Box 13: folder 169
Methodist Church

Correspondence and writings by Bertha C. Reynolds,

Box 13: folder 170
"FISH" and other church activities: printed materials, clippings,
1955-72, undated

Box 13: folder 171
Personal Papers and Documents

Contributions and subscriptions: receipts,
1957, 1968-75, undated

Box 14: folder 172
Financial notes,
1963-77, undated

Box 14: folder 173
Frank W. Reynolds: miscellaneous papers,
1972-73, undated

Box 14: folder 174
Library of Bertha C. Reynolds: lists of books, professional papers, reprints, and journals received with the papers of Bertha C. Reynolds,

Box 14: folder 175
Memberships in organizations: certificates, letters,
1951-66, undated

Box 14: folder 176
Poems by various authors collected by Bertha C. Reynolds,

Box 14: folder 177
Political and community activities: form letter, notes by Bertha C. Reynolds, printed materials,

Box 14: folder 178
Miscellaneous papers,
1948-77, undated

Box 14: folder 179
Honors and Tributes

Smith College School for Social Work: correspondence, clippings,
1962, 1964, 1976

Box 14: folder 180
Smith College School for Social Work, Fiftieth Anniversary: correspondence, citation, printed material,

Box 14: folder 181
Boston University: correspondence, citation, printed material,

Box 14: folder 182
Other honors: citations, speeches about Bertha C. Reynolds, printed material,
1947, 1969-79

Box 14: folder 183

Bertha C. Reynolds,
1938-76 undated

Box 14: folder 184
Friends, others, miscellaneous,
1925, 1967, 1972-79

Box 14: folder 185

Professional papers by friends and colleagues,
1940-77, undated

Box 14: folder 186
"Sunday in the Park, 1726-1976": plaque,

Box 14: folder 187
Books inscribed to Bertha C. Reynolds,

Box 15: folder 188
Through the Years to Seventy, by Frank W. Reynolds (copyright by Frank W. Reynolds),

Box 16: folder 189
Freedom of Information Act documents,

Box 17

Reynolds, Bertha C., An Uncharted Journey: Fifty Years of Growth in Social Work

Southard, E.E. and Mary C. Jarrett, The Kingdom of Evil


Microfilm: "Bertha Reynolds - Gentle Radical," by Joan Barnert Goldstein. PhD dissertation, Yeshiva University,

Box M48

[see also Additions to Collection - Acc# 06-60]


Oral histories of Bertha C. Reynolds

Interview by Phyllis Lowinger, Stoughton, Massachusetts, 1 Dec 1973. Transcript with postscript by Reynolds, 11 pp.

Box 18
Interview by Vida S. Grayson, Stoughton, Massachusetts, 23 Jan 1976. Transcript, 42 pp.; 3 audio cassettes.

Box 18
Interview by Jack Kamaiko, Stoughton, Massachusetts, 6 March 1976. Audio cassette.

Box 18
Interview by Joan L. Goldstein, Stoughton and Brockton, Massachusetts, 5 Dec 1975 - 5 Feb 1977. 5 audio cassettes; transcripts (for 12/5/75 and 2/5/77 only).

Box 18
Oral histories about Bertha C. Reynolds

Interview by Joan L. Goldstein with Rachel A. Levine, New York, New York, 16 March 1977. Transcript, 40 pp.

Box 18
Interview by Dorothy Green with Eleanor Flexner, 22 Feb 1988. Transcript, 40 pp.

Box 18

Writings by Bertha C. Reynolds and others

Bertha C. Reynolds, "Where Do You Get Your Ethics?"

Box 19
Bertha C. Reynolds, "Discussion of Psychoanalysis: Ideological Instrument of Imperialism,"

Box 19
William Schwartz, "Bertha Reynolds as Educator," Catalyst,

Box 19
Louise Bandler, "Bertha Capen Reynolds: Social Worker of All Times,"

Box 19

91st birthday

Box 19
Bertha Capen Reynolds centennial

Box 19
Miscellaneous writings (pamphlets, articles, reprints) by Bertha C. Reynolds and others

Box 20
Class of 1908 Smith College yearbook

Box 20
Accession #06S-60 (received Aug 2006)

Box 21
Photographs of Reynolds (copies),
1976, undated

Box 21

Box 21
Tributes and other writings about Reynolds,
1969-75, undated

Box 21
Biographical and autobiographical information,
1938-64, undated

Box 21
Interview with Reynolds: audiocassette,

Box 21
Speeches, and published writings,

Box 21
Unpublished essays: "Where Do You Get Your Ethics?" (work in progress at the time of BCR's death; might have become a book),

Box 21
Goldstein, Joan Love

Correspondence re: donation of BCR writings to Institute for Marxist Studies, and to Wurtzweiler School of Social Work,
1982, 1994

Box 21

BCR's essays about the relationship between Marxism and religion,

Box 21
Copyright registration for dissertation, "Bertha C. Reynolds: Gentle Radical,"

[see also Microfilm (M48)]


Box 21
"Socialism and Religion": article or book chapter by Archibald Robinson,

Box 21

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

  • Jarrett, Mary C. (Mary Cromwell)
  • Kimball, Everett, 1873-
  • Psychiatric social work--United States--History--Sources
  • Reynolds, Bertha Capen, 1885-
  • Smith College. School for Social Work--Administration--History--Sources
  • Social case work--United States--History--Sources
  • Social work education--United States--History--Sources
  • Social workers--United States--History--Sources
  • Southard, Elmer Ernest, 1876-1920
  • William Alanson White Institute

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