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Coalition of Indian-Controlled School Boards Oral History Project Records, 1967- 2009
1 box (1.25 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 696

Abstract:
Educational reformers; Indian rights organization. Oral history interviews with individuals who made "unrivaled contributions to Indian parental and community control of Indian education." There are audio recordings, transcripts (some partial), and abstracts of the oral histories; plus related correspondence, memos, reports, newspaper articles, published and unpublished manuscripts, legal and government documents. A large percentage of the interviews are with women and many who were involved in the Indian rights movement, including Fanny LeMay and Rebecca Adamson who was the first field coordinator for the coalition. [NOTE: The contents list for this collection is not online. Contact the Sophia Smith Collection if you would like one sent to you.]

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following caveats:

  • This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.
  • Access to audiovisual materials may first require production of research copies.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the unpublished works in this collection except for materials created by Michael Gross and Bobbie Green Kilberg.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Historical Note

According to oral historian Jerry Reynolds, who conducted the 60 interviews that comprise the heart of this collection, "The Archival interviews and research on the Coalition of Indian Controlled School Boards fill a gaping empty page in the contemporary annals of Indian Country, and of America's social justice movement at large. The interviews contain a unique, otherwise unknowable history. From before its official incorporation in 1971 to its demise in 1981, the Coalition made unrivaled contributions to Indian parental and community control of Indian education. In 1974, in Education and the American Indian: The Road to Self-Determination Since 1928, scholar Margaret Connell Szasz wrote, 'In its first year, the coalition provided technical assistance in all aspects of education for Indian school boards, communities, and organizations, and served as a clearing house for information on legislation and other matters pertaining to Indian education. Less than two years after it was formed, CICSB was serving eighty-seven schools and organizations.' In the same year, Vine Deloria Jr. put the case for the Coalition in still stronger terms. Writing in 'The Indian Affair' that of the organizations forged to 'carry the fight to the Bureau' after the Bureau of Indian Affairs' decision to outflank self-determination on the battleground of educational programs and policies, Deloria states: 'The most important of these [organizations] is the Coalition of Indian Controlled School Boards ... now working with over a hundred local Indian school boards in trying to take over the education of reservation and urban Indian children. The Coalition is the most efficient and sophisticated organization that Indian country has ever seen and is far more capable than the Indian political groups ... in getting changes made.' Deloria went on to describe the Coalition's successful lawsuit against President Richard M. Nixon's administration for the release of impounded Indian education funds. 'The Coalition thus accomplished more for Indians in one lawsuit than the activists have by any of their celebrated events, for the monies went directly into Indian controlled school districts and allowed the reservation people to begin development of their educational institutions. The year after Szasz and Deloria wrote their contemporary testimonials, the Coalition was the principal reason the '638' law of 1975 is entitled 'The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act.'"

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection includes interviews with individuals who made "unrivaled contributions to Indian parental and community control of Indian education." There are audio recordings, transcripts (some partial), and abstracts of the oral histories; plus related correspondence, memos, reports, newspaper articles, published and unpublished manuscripts, legal and government documents. A large percentage of the interviews are with women and many who were involved in the Indian rights movement, including Fanny LeMay and Rebecca Adamson who was the first field coordinator for the coalition. According to oral historian Jerry Reynolds, 46 of the 97 interviewees were women. "Women played a decisive role in the Coalition's accomplishments both as committed parents and political catalysts." See finding aid for complete list of names and abstracts of interviews.

[NOTE: The contents list for this collection is not online. Contact the Sophia Smith Collection if you would like one sent to you.]


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following caveats:

  • This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.
  • Access to audiovisual materials may first require production of research copies.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the unpublished works in this collection except for materials created by Michael Gross and Bobbie Green Kilberg.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Coalition of Indian-Controlled School Boards Oral History Project Records, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

Additional Formats

Original audio recordings have been digitized for research use and are available online (Smith campus only).

History of the Collection

The collections was donated to the SSC by Gerald Reynolds in 2013.

Processing Information

Accessioned by Kathleen Banks Nutter, September 2012


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Education -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Indian reservations -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Indian rights
  • Indian women -- United States -- Biography -- Sources
  • Indians of North America -- Education -- History -- Sources
  • Indians of North America -- History -- 20th century -- Sources

Contributors
  • Adamson, Rebecca
  • Coalition of Indian-Controlled School Boards
  • Pine Hill School (Pine Hill, N.M.)

Genre terms
  • Oral history -- Archival resources


List of interviews
  • Adamson, Rebecca
  • Alexander, Russ
  • Bixby, Norma
  • Blake, Marilyn
  • Boivin, Cindy
  • Cline, (Eddie and Eunice)
  • Corn, Ronnie
  • Davids, Louise (2 parts)
  • Dean (Bobo and Barbero)
  • Dickenson, Irene
  • Dixon, Barbara (2 parts)
  • Dodge (Carol)
  • Dodge (Richard "Snuffy" and Paula) (3 parts)
  • Edmo, Maxine
  • Gerard, Forrest
  • Gillette, Vance
  • Gipp, David
  • Gress, Betty
  • Gross, Mike (6 parts)
  • Jensen, Cecil Ann (nee Perry) (3 parts)
  • Kickingbird, Kirke
  • Kickingbird, Lynn
  • Kilberg, Bobbie [Greene]
  • Kills Straight, Birgil
  • Little Bear, Richard
  • Lovesee, Alan
  • Manning-Dick, Claire
  • Manuelito, Kathryn (2 parts)
  • Manuelito, Larry
  • McCullough, Gloria (4 parts)
  • McMinds, Guy and Harold 'Mr. Pat' Patterson
  • Nelson, Bob
  • Norton, Marcellene
  • One Feather, Gerald (2 parts)
  • Plummer, Abe (2 parts)
  • Pourier, Marilyn
  • Pyatskowit, Al
  • Redman, Al
  • Roberts, Bill "Lee"
  • Robinson, David (2 parts)
  • Sahmaunt, Ace
  • Schierbeck, Helen (2 parts)
  • Shawanokasic, Leslie (2 parts)
  • Skenadore, Lynn
  • Skenadore, Mike
  • Small, Dorothy
  • Tiger, Buffalo
  • Tomasich, John
  • Tourtillot, Bernadette and Carrie Peters
  • Wanatee, Don (3 parts)
  • Wanatee, Priscilla
  • Wind River Conference (various speakers)

Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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