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Carol Hutchings Maynard Papers, 1905-2002 (Bulk: 1910s-50s)
3 boxes (1 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 674

Abstract:
Farmer; Teacher; Poet; Suffragist. Papers document an unconventional life, from suffrage campaigns of her youth to the artistic output of her later years. Materials related to Maynard's art and her career as a farmer and educator showcase an unusual set of interests and talents. Maynard retained clippings and correspondence from her difficult tenure at a South Carolina reform school. Papers from the Massachusetts Refomatory for Women feature writing assignments completed by inmates. Creative output includes poetry written largely from the 1930s and 1950s, drawings and prints, and a short memoir. The scrapbooks are exceptional resources for memorabilia, photographs, and clippings from Maynard's time as a suffrage activist, a "farmerette" of the Women's Land Army, and an employee of the Montrose School for Girls.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following caveats:

  • This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.
  • Access to audiovisual materials may first require production of research copies.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the unpublished works in this collection created by Carol Maynard. Copyright to other works in the collection may be owned by the creator, or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Carol Hutchings Maynard, known as "Hutch," was born to Caroline (Baxter) and Edwin Maynard in Mount Vernon, New York on 15 August 1895. The second of five children, she was raised in Worcester, Massachusetts. She graduated from Classical High School in 1915. Following graduation, Maynard settled in New York City, where she became active in the campaign for women's suffrage, canvassing and marching on behalf of New York suffrage leagues. Her work was publicized in Worcester newspapers. In 1918, she enlisted in the Woman's Land Army of America, a war-time venture that trained women to perform agricultural labor. The colloquially termed "farmerettes" were deployed to replace male farm workers engaged by the war. Maynard completed Land Army training at Wellesley College and was stationed at Bedford, New York. After the war, she traveled west as a self- described vagabond, settling in Alaska for a period of time in the early 1920s. There, she lived alone and took work in the salmon canneries.

From the 1930s forward, Maynard was employed as an educator and agriculturalist at a series of secondary schools. This phase of her career started at women's reform institutions. She was hired by the South Carolina State Industrial School for Girls in 1928 but was soon dismissed by the state governor in a controversial case targeting the institution's leadership. Subsequently, she took employment at the Montrose School for Girls in Reistertown, Maryland. In 1935, Maynard applied for a position with the farm program at the newly opened Putney School, a preparatory high school in Vermont that emphasized progressive ideals and manual labor. Initially camouflaging her gender by submitting an application under the name "C.H. Maynard," Maynard was hired to manage the school's farm. She also supervised the student work program, which was the labor-oriented segment of the curriculum. In the late 1930s, Maynard took a hiatus from Putney, worked at the Massachusetts Reformatory for Women in Framingham, and returned to Putney in 1944. Her association with the Putney School continued for the remainder of her life.

In her positions at each of these educational institutions, Maynard combined her passions for agriculture, animal husbandry, and creative writing. She encouraged her students to do the same, offering instruction in dairying and poetry alike. Maynard herself was an artist, dramatist, and a prolific poet. Her poetry frequently focused on agricultural life--animals, plants and seasons--but was far-ranging, touching upon love, loss, and the arts. From the 1940s to the 1960s, she developed the farming side of her career as a tester for the Vermont Dairy Herd Improvement Association. She also was involved in the 4-H and was active in civic life, serving as a member of the town's school board and planning commission. She took particular interest in the town and school gardens, and after her death, the Hutch Maynard Fund was started at the Putney School to support its greenhouse. Hutch Maynard died on January 7, 1973 at the age of 77.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Carol Hutchings Maynard Papers document diverse facets of her unconventional life, from the suffrage campaigns of her youth to the artistic output of her later years. Materials pertaining to the Maynard family history can be found in photographs, many of which are unidentified, and in a small amount of family correspondence. There are also photos and biographical material about Carol Hutchings Maynard. Her civic interests are reflected in a small amount of correspondence pertaining to Putney town and school issues in the 1960s. The newspaper clippings labeled "Trip West" were presumably collected during her travels as an itinerant laborer. Materials related to Maynard's art and her career as a farmer and educator showcase an unusual set of interests and talents. Maynard retained clippings and correspondence from her difficult tenure at a South Carolina reform school. Papers from the Massachusetts Refomatory for Women feature writing assignments completed by inmates. Creative output includes poetry written largely from the 1930s and 1950s, drawings and prints, and a short memoir. The scrapbooks are exceptional resources for memorabilia, photographs, and clippings from Maynard's time as a suffrage activist, a "farmerette" of the Women's Land Army, and an employee of the Montrose School for Girls.

[NOTE: The contents list for this collection is not online. Contact the Sophia Smith Collection if you would like one sent to you.]


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following caveats:

  • This collection has not been fully processed and therefore may be difficult to use.
  • Access to audiovisual materials may first require production of research copies.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the unpublished works in this collection created by Carol Maynard. Copyright to other works in the collection may be owned by the creator, or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Carol Hutchings Maynard Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

The Carol Maynard Papers were donated to the Sophia Smith Collection in 2011 by her executor Elizabeth Mills.

Processing Information

Accessioned by Amanda Izzo, April 2011


Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/emailform.html
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/
Language
English


Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Farm life -- Vermont -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Juvenile delinquency -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • MCI-Framingham (Correctional facility )
  • Maynard, Carol Hutchings, 1895-1973
  • Poets, American -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Putney (Vt.) -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Putney School -- Faculty
  • Reformatories for women -- Massachusetts -- History
  • Rural women -- History -- Sources
  • Single women -- History -- Sources
  • Women -- Suffrage -- New York (State) -- History -- Sources
  • Women adventurers -- History -- 20th century -- Sources
  • Women artists -- United States -- Biography -- Sources
  • Women authors, American -- 20th century -- Biography -- Sources
  • Women farmers -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Women poets, American -- 20th century -- Biography -- Sources
  • Women prisoners -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Women's Land Army of America -- History
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Women -- United States -- Personal narratives
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Women -- United States -- Personal narratives


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