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Eastman-Goodale-Dayton Family Papers, 1861-2013
17 boxes (6.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: 53

Author; Teacher; Social reformer; Poets; Farmer. Principal family members represented in the papers are Henry S. Goodale (farmer and writer in Southern Berkshires near Pittsfield, MA); his wife, Deborah Hill Read Goodale (writer); three sisters: Dora Read Goodale, Elaine Goodale [Eastman] (writer, teacher, poet), and Rose Sterling Goodale [Dayton] (writer, poet, and director of Uplands Sanitarium) and their families. The bulk of the papers are those of Elaine Goodale Eastman and her husband Dr. Charles Alexander Eastman (a Santee Sioux) and include correspondence, writings, photographs and organizations related to Indians of North America. Of particular interest are photographs of South Dakota in the 1890s, particularly of Native Americans, Pine Ridge Agency and school where she taught and he was a physician, and of the Wounded Knee massacre by American troops. The collection also includes letters of Charles Eastman, a substantial amount of writings and correspondence of Dora Read Goodale and Elaine Goodale Eastman, and many of Charles Eastman's published writings.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the family's unpublished works donated by Miriam Dayton. Copyright to other unpublished works by the family in the Papers is unknown. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

The principal family members represented in the Eastman-Goodale-Dayton Family Papers are sisters Elaine Goodale Eastman (9 Oct 1863-22 Dec 1953) and Dora Read Goodale (29 October 1866-12 Dec 1953). Their mother, Deborah (Dora) Hill Read Goodale (1839-1910), teacher and writer, married Henry S. Goodale (1836 -1906), teacher, farmer, and writer, in 1862. They settled at "Sky Farm" on Fray Mountain in the town of Mt. Washington, Massachusetts, not far from where Henry was born in South Egremont. Henry's father, Chester Goodale, a successful businessman who operated a marble quarry, had settled in the Berkshires around 1820. Besides Elaine and Dora, the Goodales had two other children, Rose Sterling Goodale (Dayton) (1870 -1965) and Robert (1878-?).

Following in the footsteps of their parents, who published poems and essays in local and national publications, both Dora and Elaine were writers from early childhood. Beginning in the late 1870s their poetry was published widely in newspapers and magazines such as St. Nicholas and Scribner's Monthly. They published three books of poetry between 1878 and 1881, achieving wide renown as child-prodigies. Elaine also published Journal of a Farmer's Daughter in 1881. In the early years, Elaine and Dora were educated at home by their mother who had taught school before her marriage, and they were briefly enrolled in a New York City boarding school in 1881.

Page from "The Coming of the Birds," a poem by Elaine Goodale reproduced in facsimile, illustrated by Alexander Pope, Estes and Lauriat Publishers, Boston, undated

Page from "The Coming of the Birds," a poem by Elaine
Goodale reproduced in facsimile, illustrated by Alexander
Pope, Estes and Lauriat Publishers, Boston, undated

Henry was not a particularly successful farmer and the resulting financial hardships, coupled with incompatible temperaments, led to the Goodales' separation in 1882. Henry moved to New York City where he managed The Windermere Hotel on 57th Street, an apartment house for financially independent working women.

With the exception of Elaine, who struck out on her own, the rest of the Goodale family left "Sky Farm" and moved to Deborah Read Goodale's hometown of Redding, Connecticut. Along with Deborah's sister, Ella, the family moved into a house owned by the Read family. Rose and Robert attended Redding schools, while Dora, now seventeen, contributed poems and articles to local newspapers and magazines. In 1887 the family moved to Northampton, Massachusetts, where Dora entered Smith College, Rose attended the Burnham School and then Smith, and Robert attended high school. Dora graduated from Smith with a degree in art in 1890. Around this time, Dora became engaged to Thomas Sanford, an engagement that lasted for eight years until it was broken off, at least in part due to Dora's feeling obliged to take care of her mother. Family finances remained tight, and Rose left Smith to teach in Southport, Connecticut. She married Redington Dayton, whom she had met while living in Redding, and joined him there in 1891. The rest of the Northampton Goodales moved to a cottage in Amherst, Massachusetts that Henry had built for his retirement, though he remained in New York. Robert left to attend Harvard in 1896. In 1897 Mrs. Goodale and Dora lost all of their belongings, including letters and manuscripts, in a fire that burned the cottage to the ground. They returned to Redding and Dora taught at the Sanford School, worked as a tutor, and cared for her mother at "Roadside" until Deborah's death in 1910. After his graduation from Harvard, Robert Goodale married Helen Brennan in 1902 and they had a daughter, Margaret, in 1903. Robert built a new house on the site of the cottage that had burned, naming it "Lodestone," and his family lived there for a time with Henry Goodale.

Around the time of the family's departure from "Sky Farm," Elaine was offered a partial scholarship at "Harvard Annex" (Radcliffe), but she was unable to attend because "the required funds were not forthcoming" due to the family's financial circumstances. Instead, in 1883 she accepted a teaching position in the program for Native Americans (newly established in 1878) at Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Hampton, Virginia. In 1885, Elaine toured Sioux Indian Reservations and published articles regarding reservation life. In 1886 she was appointed a day school teacher at White River Camp, Lower Brule Agency, Dakota Territory where she taught for three years, traveling the Sioux reservations during vacation months. In the fall of 1889 she returned east to her family in Northampton, Massachusetts, using it as a home base from which she could write and give paid lectures advocating for education of Indians at day schools on reservations, a system she favored over the removal of students from reservations for boarding school education. Thomas J. Morgan, the commissioner of Indian affairs, who sometimes shared the platform with Elaine, appointed her to the newly-created position, Supervisor of Education in the Dakotas. She headed back to the Dakotas in the spring of 1890 with a letter of introduction, horses, a wagon, and camping equipment, and began her "year on wheels," traveling between over sixty government and missionary schools. She was at the Pine Ridge Agency in December 1890 at the time of the Wounded Knee Massacre, and was one of several volunteer nurses who attempted to care for wounded Lakota Sioux brought to the Episcopal Mission chapel.

During this ordeal, Elaine worked side-by-side with Dr. Charles Eastman (1858 -1939), who had recently arrived at the agency. Eastman (Ohiyesa), a Santee Sioux, was born near Redwood Falls, Minnesota, the last of the five children of Ite Wakanhdi Ota (Many Lightnings) and Wakantankanwin (Great Mystery Woman), also known as Mary Nancy Eastman. After the Great Sioux Uprising of 1862, Ohiyesa was with a band of Sioux that escaped to the Turtle Mountains of Ontario. For years it was assumed that his father had been among the Sioux captured and put to death after the Uprising (his mother had died shortly after his birth), and he was raised by his paternal uncle and grandmother. When Ohiyesa was about fifteen, his father, who had not been executed, but imprisoned and pardoned, reappeared in his life. He had converted to Christianity and taken the name Jakob Eastman, using the English surname of his late wife. While in prison Jakob had become convinced that assimilation offered the only route to survival in a white-dominated culture. He took Ohiyesa to the homestead near Flandreau, South Dakota he had established with his other sons, where Ohiyesa was baptized and given his English name. Charles attended the mission day school at Flandreau for two years and then enrolled at Santee Normal Training School in Nebraska. After two years he transferred to Beloit (Wisconsin) College where he studied for three years. He attended Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois for another two years. Charles received a scholarship to Dartmouth College, but first attended Kimball Union Academy in Meriden, New Hampshire to make up for some gaps in his previous study. He graduated from Dartmouth in 1887 and Boston University School of Medicine in 1890.

Elaine Goodale and Charles Eastman married in 1891 in New York City, despite the deep disapproval of most of her family. They returned to Pine Ridge where Charles resumed his duties as agency physician. Their first child, Dora Winona, was born at the agency in 1892. (The Eastman's subsequently had five more children, Irene Taluta (1894), Virginia (1896), Ohiyesa (Charles Alexander, Jr.) (1898), Eleanor (1901), and Florence Bascom (1905?) A disagreement with the acting Indian agent at Pine Ridge prompted Charles to resign and the family moved to St. Paul, Minnesota where he set up private practice. In June 1894, Charles began working for the YMCA to organize associations among Indians throughout the country. During the five years he held the position, he traveled all over many western states and Canada to organize forty-three associations. In 1898 the family moved to Washington, D.C, where Charles spent a year as legal agent for the Santee Sioux's claims for restoration of government annuities. In 1899 Charles secured a position as outing agent (overseeing the placement of children with white families during the summer) at Carlisle Indian School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Elaine became editor of the school's newspaper, the Red Man. In 1900 Charles returned to the Indian Service as government physician at the Crow Creek Agency in South Dakota. He resigned in 1903 to take another position in the Indian Service that involved assigning surnames to Native Americans to improve their allotment rolls, and after Commissioner Jones was convinced that he did not need to be near the reservations to do the work, the family moved to Amherst, Massachusetts.

Elaine hoped that the move to Amherst would allow her and Charles to achieve some financial stability by writing, and from this point on, it did provide regular, if modest, income. The two of them collaborated on nine books, Elaine contributing extensive editorial assistance (most of which were published under his name), and Elaine published seven of her own. In addition she wrote and spoke on current Indian matters and reviewed books about Indians until her death in 1953. Elaine's memoirs were published after her death as Sister to the Sioux (1978). The books about Charles' life added to his fame, and he was sought after as a lecturer.

During the Amherst years, Charles was often away lecturing or visiting Indian reservations for months at a time and it was left to Elaine to parent six children. Around 1912 the financial situation deteriorated, and the family (Dora Winona and Irene were now away at school at Mount Holyoke College and Northfield Seminary, respectively) moved from a large home on College Street into Lodestone with the permission of Rose Goodale Dayton, to whom Deborah Goodale had left the cottage.

During the summer of 1914 Charles served as director of one of the earliest Boy Scout camps on Chesapeake Bay in Maryland, while around the same time, Irene spent two summers as a Campfire Girls counselor in Pittsburgh. In 1915 the Eastmans established their own camp for girls, "School of the Woods," on land rented from a local farmer on Granite Lake in Munsonville, New Hampshire. The next year they renamed the camp "Oahe: The Hill of the Vision," adding a camp for younger boys nearby, "Ohiyesa." Irene, who had become a talented singer and performer, "The Spirit of Oahe," according to a 1924 brochure, died in October 1918, a victim of the flu pandemic of that year. In the immediate wake of her death, Charles began an affair with Henrietta Martindale, a young camp counselor. Martindale gave birth to their daughter, Bonno Hyessa, in 1919. The loss of the Eastmans' much beloved daughter, coupled with the affair, placed great stress on an already troubled marriage. Charles and Elaine separated permanently in 1921. Charles split his time between a cabin he had built in 1928 on Lake Ontario near Desbarats, Ontario and the home of his son, Ohiyesa, Jr. and his wife in Detroit, until his death in 1939. (Ohiyesa, Jr., after serving in the military and graduating from the College of Idaho had married Marion Nutting and worked as an appliance salesman.) Elaine lived in Northampton, briefly in an apartment with her oldest daughter, Dora Winona, but primarily with either Virginia (who married Sterling Whitbeck in 1921) or Eleanor (who had married Ernst Mensel). Elaine was a prolific author during these years, producing two novels, a collection of poems, a biography, an autobiographical sketch; and numerous essays, newspaper articles, poems, letters to the editor, and book reviews. She was also active in local chapters of the Women's Club of America, the Daughters of the American Revolution, and the League of Women Voters, as well as the Northampton Motion Picture Council.

Dora stayed on in Redding until 1929 when she became a staff member, then Director, of Uplands Sanatorium, Pleasant Hill, Tennessee. She worked closely with the director, Dr. May Cravath Wharton, to promote the mission of the sanatorium "to not simply heal disease but to establish habits of health and of thought, and send its patients out fortified for living a more victorious life." Dora was hospital worker and secretary, and she also used her writing skills publishing a newsletter and pamphlets to increase the hospital's visibility, especially among potential donors. Throughout this period Dora continued to publish poems, short stories, and essays on Appalachian themes in newspapers and magazines. Her book of verse, Mountain Dooryards, was published in 1941. She remained at the Sanatorium until deteriorating health forced her to move in with her brother, Robert, in Virginia, and finally to a nursing home.

Elaine Goodale Eastman died on 22 December 1953 in Shady Lawn nursing home in Hadley, Massachusetts ten days after her sister Dora had died in a Virginia nursing home. Rose Goodale Dayton died in 1965 in Amherst, Massachusetts.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Eastman-Goodale-Dayton Family papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, unpublished writings and printed materials, organization and subject files, photographs, memorabilia, and scrapbooks. Some members of the family and time periods are better documented than others due to the identity of the major donors, and the circumstances influencing what was saved, or lost, in the case of the Amherst cottage fire in 1897. The bulk of the collection, given by Elaine Eastman in her later years when she was living in Northampton, best documents her life, and that of her immediate family, as well as her writing and continued interest in Native American policy, from the late 1920s until her death. Her scrapbooks provide some information about earlier decades in her life, mostly her writings, and those of other family members. Because Elaine and Charles had gone their separate ways in 1921 and never reconciled, there is little related to Charles. A second major acquisition, given in 1999 and 2002, consists of correspondence and other items saved by Rose Goodale Dayton. A third acquisition, purchased from a book dealer in 2010, significantly augmented the books and other writings authored by family members, including Charles Eastman.

The Henry Goodale and Deborah Read Hill Goodale material consists of a small amount of correspondence and writings (1861-98). The Dora Read Goodale papers include biographical information, extensive correspondence, primarily with her sister Rose, and her manuscript and published writings (1892-1950). The bulk of the papers are those of Elaine Goodale Eastman and consist of biographical materials, correspondence, and writings; her controversy with the Daughters of the American Revolution (1928-29); involvement with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; and writings, photographs and organizations related to Native Americans. In addition to Elaine's writings on Native Americans and her miscellaneous writings, of particular interest are photographs of South Dakota in the 1890s, particularly of the Pine Ridge Agency, Native Americans, Wounded Knee, and American troops. Additional material relates to the family of Rose Goodale Dayton. While there are some courtship letters from Rose to her fiancé, there is more about other members of her extended family as she was the recipient of many of the letters, including the sole letter from Charles Eastman. There is also a short journal written by Deborah Goodale's mother, Eleanor Rogers (Lyon) Read (1866-68).

The bulk of the papers date from the 1920s to the 1950s, though there is significant late nineteenth--early twentieth century material, especially in the writings and scrapbooks, but also in correspondence.

Writings, including scrapbooks, comprise about half of the collection, and correspondence makes up approximately one-third of it. The bulk of the correspondence is between family members. Other notable correspondents include Samuel Armstrong, John Collier, Henry Dawes, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Rosika Schwimmer, and Mary Heaton Vorse.

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the family's unpublished works donated by Miriam Dayton. Copyright to other unpublished works by the family in the Papers is unknown. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Eastman-Goodale-Dayton Family Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton,Mass.

History of the Collection

Elaine Goodale Eastman donated her Papers to the Sophia Smith Collection from 1950 to 1952. Miriam Dayton made significant additions to the collection in 1999 and 2002. Courtship letters of Rose and Redington Dayton were given to the SSC by Deborah Read Dayton Scoblick in 2002.

Processing Information

Processed by Amy Hague, 2011

Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form:

The Life of Elaine Goodale Eastman by Theodore D. Sargent (2005)

"The Estrangement of Charles Eastman and Elaine Goodale Eastman" by Theodore D. Sargent and Raymond Wilson, South Dakota History, Vol. 40 No. 3 (Fall 2010)

"Finding Oneself through a Cause: Elaine Goodale Eastman and Indian Reform in the 1880s," by Ruth Anne Alexander, South Dakota History, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 1992)

Ohiyesa: Charles Eastman, Santee Sioux by Raymond Wilson (1983)

Series Descriptions
.25 linear ft.

This series provides an overview of the lives of Dora Goodale and Elaine Goodale Eastman; there are only fragments for some other family members. Of particular interest are newspaper clippings about the "Child Poets" of Sky Farm and the wedding of Elaine and Charles. Jessica George's undergraduate honors essay provides the best available overview of Dora Goodale's life.

(1861-1950s, n.d.)
1.5 linear ft.

This series is organized into two subseries: Family and Friends and associates. The Family portion is the more voluminous subseries and is arranged alphabetically by the family member who wrote the letters. The recipients are also alphabetical under the author heading. Many of the letters in this subseries were annotated, and a few were transcribed, by Ted Sargent when he was researching his biography of Elaine Goodale Eastman. Some of his notes identifying people and topics, and all of his transcriptions, are attached to the originals. Substantial correspondence to Rose from Elaine and Dora sheds light on Dora's life, especially her time at Uplands Sanatorium, and Elaine's during her years in Northampton. These letters range widely in topics from literature to social reform to child-rearing to musings (sometimes tinged with bitterness) on family history and relationships. Elaine's reflections about her early adventures and marriage to Charles are especially illuminating. The letters from the 1930s, especially Elaine's, are evocative of Great Depression-era politics. This series includes the courtship correspondence of Rose Goodale and Redington Dayton. Of special interest are letters from James Dayton to his parents written during his residence in the Eastman household in Amherst, Massachusetts while he was attending the Massachusetts Agricultural College (now University of Massachusetts Amherst). He shared information about the Eastman family during a time in their lives when other sources are scant. There are also letters from both Rose's sons that describe their college experiences. (Theodore was attending Amherst College.) See also SERIES III. WRITINGS for correspondence regarding the childhood writings of Elaine and Dora, and Dora's later work. SERIES VI. SCRAPBOOKS also includes a few letters related to the family's writings.

(1866-2001, n.d.)
2.25 linear ft.

This series is arranged by individual author (Elaine's and Dora's childhood writings are filed under Elaine's name), and then by genre. The bulk of the writings in this series were authored by Elaine Goodale Eastman and Charles Eastman. Dora Goodale is also well represented. There are a handful of poems and essays by other family members, especially Deborah Hill Read Goodale. Most of the writings were published as books or in newspapers or periodicals, but there are also a few unpublished manuscripts and typescripts. Family members, especially Elaine, wrote prolifically in many genres: memoirs, novels, children's books, poetry, short stories, plays, biography, articles, essays, and letters to the editor. The oldest item is a short journal written at Sky Farm by Eleanor Rogers Lyon Read in 1866. Family members regularly contributed to national and local publications, such as The Woman's Journal, The Woman's Home Companion, The Christian Century, The New York Times, The Springfield (Massachusetts) Daily Republican,The Daily Hampshire Gazette (Northampton, Mass.), and many others. Elaine and Charles wrote about Native American life and public policy, and Elaine also addressed the topics of nature, farming, and domestic life, especially early in her career. She also contributed articles related to her organizational activities with the D.A.R., League of Women Voters, and the Northampton Motion Picture Council. Other members of the family wrote poetry and articles about nature, farming, and other subjects. SERIES VI. SCRAPBOOKS includes articles, essays, poems, reviews, and letters to the editor from magazines and newspapers.

(1928-53, n.d.)
.75 linear ft.

This series is organized alphabetically by the name of the organization or subject file. The subject matter is primarily about Native Americans, but there is also a small amount of material about the D.A.R. blacklist controversy in the late 1920s and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Northampton Branch. The bulk of the material appears to have been saved by Elaine Eastman in Northampton during the 1940s and early 1950s and dates from that period.

(1860-1993, n.d.)
.25 linear ft.

This small series is organized by individual or place. Its most notable content is the series of photographs taken by Elaine at the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota, documenting events surrounding the Wounded Knee Massacre. Photographs of sites related to the Eastmans were taken by Keith F. Johnson in 1993.

(1877-1950, n.d.)
.75 linear ft.

There are ten scrapbooks in this series that overlap with each other in terms of subject matter and date span. Most, if not all, were apparently compiled by Elaine Goodale Eastman, who donated them. Most of the items in the scrapbooks have to do with the writings of the family, primarily Dora and Elaine, but Deborah Hill Read Goodale, Henry Goodale, and Rose Goodale Dayton are also represented. The scrapbooks have been numbered in an arbitrary manner. Two of the scrapbooks relate to ElaineÆs and DoraÆs childhood writings. There are four scrapbooks that contain mostly writings by Elaine relating to her career teaching and advocating for Native Americans, but also on other topics such as homemaking, children, and her organizational involvement. There is one scrapbook that mostly contains writings by others about Native Americans. DoraÆs post-childhood writings are collected in two of the scrapbooks. Finally, there is one scrapbook of miscellaneous writings, mostly poems, by Elaine, Dora, Rose, and their parents.

(1874-1952, n.d.)
.25 linear ft.

One box contains two folders of miscellaneous printed materials.

Contents List


Box 1: folder 1
Jones Library, Amherst, MA: information about holdings related to Elaine and Charles Eastman, and Dora Goodale

Box 1: folder 2
Eastman Family: letter from Norma Kidd Green to Margaret Grierson

Box 1: folder 3
Goodale-Read-Dayton families: genealogy, notes about Chester Goodale, article re: Mt. Washington, Massachusetts, letter, and history by Stuart Reeve
[circa 1919], 1979, 2013, n.d.

Box 1: folder 4
Dayton, James W.: clipping

Box 1: folder 5
Dayton, Rose and Redington: drawing, 1886; wedding invitation, 1891; and note by Rose re: family correspondence

Box 1: folder 6
Eastman, Charles

Newspaper clippings and obituary
1891, 1915, 1939

Box 1: folder 7
"Charles Alexander Eastman: Sioux Storyteller and Historian," by Anna Lee Stensland, American Indian Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 3, autumn,

Box 1: folder 8
Eastman, Elaine Goodale

General: newspaper clippings, including obituary
1891, 1946, 1953

Box 1: folder 9
"Child Poets" of Sky Farm: newspaper clippings
1878, n.d.

Box 1: folder 10
Letters of introduction from Samuel C. Armstrong and W.H. Hare

Box 1: folder 11
Wedding to Charles Eastman: newspaper clippings

Box 1: folder 12
Song recital including "Ashes of Roses" by Goodale/Wood, Amherst, MA: program

Box 1: folder 13
Eastman, Dora Winona: clipping re camp Oahe, circa 1916 brochure for Pahata camp in Granite, NH
circa 1932

Box 1: folder 14
Goodale, Dora Read

General: death certificate and obituary

Box 1: folder 15
"Reading Dora Read Goodale's Mountain Dooryards: An American History" by Jessica George, Undergraduate Honors Essay, Cornell University

Box 1: folder 16
Uplands Sanatorium: printed materials
1944, 1946, n.d.

Box 1: folder 17
Mensel, Eleanor Eastman: obituary

Box 1: folder 18
Risk, Cynthia Whitbeck: obituary

Box 1: folder 19
Whitbeck, Elaine Goodale: obituary

Box 1: folder 20


Cheshough, J. C. ("Uncle Collins") to Rose Goodale

Box 1: folder 21
Dayton, James W. to Rose Goodale Dayton and Redington Dayton

1909-13, n.d.

Box 1: folder 22-27
From Camp Oahe
6 Jul 1917

Box 2: folder 1
Dayton, Marjorie Breckinridge (daughter-in-law) to Rose Dayton

Box 2: folder 2
Dayton, Rose Goodale and Redington

Courtship letters
Apr 1890-Sep 1891

Box 2: folder 3-8
James Dayton

Box 2: folder 9-10
Dayton, Rose Goodale

Dayton, Nell

Box 2: folder 11
Dayton, Theodore

Box 2: folder 12
Goodale, Henry Sterling

Box 2: folder 13
Goodale, Robert (about their mother's death, never sent)

Box 2: folder 14
Unidentified letters to Rose

"Dosia" [niece of Redington Dayton?]

Box 2: folder 15
[Goodale?], Margaret ("cousin")

Box 2: folder 16
Al and Laura to "Mother Rose"

Box 2: folder 17
Dayton, Theodore R.

Dayton, James
1914, n.d.

Box 2: folder 18
Dayton, Rose and Redington

from grandparents home, and the Sanford School
1904; n.d.

Box 2: folder 19
from Amherst College
circa 1913-16

Box 2: folder 20
from Camp William Lawrence (West Gloucester, MA)

Box 2: folder 21
from Camp Oahe (Munsonville, NH)
circa 1915-23, n.d.

Box 2: folder 22
Read, Elmer

Box 2: folder 23
Eastman, Charles ("Ohiyesa") to Rose G. Dayton

Box 3: folder 1
Eastman, Dora Winona

Rose G. Dayton
1942, 1954

Box 3: folder 2
Lewis, Ben, 1958 (includes letter from Lewis to Margaret Grierson)

Box 3: folder 3
Eastman, Elaine Goodale

Dayton, Redington
1890, [1918?]

Box 3: folder 4
Dayton, Rose G.

1891-[late 1940s/early 1950s], n.d.

Box 3: folder 5-6
"Weak" letter from late in life, including a note from Virginia Eastman Whitbeck

Box 3: folder 7
Goodale, Deborah Read
[circa 1904-05?]

Box 3: folder 8
Goodale, Dora Read
[circa 1898-99?]-1940, n.d.

Box 3: folder 9
Eastman, Irene

Dayton, Rose G.

Box 3: folder 10
Goodale, Dora

Box 3: folder 11
Eastman, Marion to Rose G. Dayton and Dora Goodale
1940, 1942, 1954

Box 3: folder 12
Goodale, Deborah Hill Read

Dayton, Rose G. and Redington
1890, 1908, n.d.

Box 3: folder 13
Goodale, Henry Sterling

Box 3: folder 14
Read, Ella

Box 3: folder 15
Goodale, Dora Read

Eastman, Elaine Goodale
[circa 1910], 1927, [circa late 1930s-40s]

Box 3: folder 16
Dayton, Redington

Box 3: folder 17
Dayton, Rose G.

from Seattle
[circa pre-1918]

Box 3: folder 18
1893-1942, n.d.

Box 3: folder 19-21
1947, n.d.

Box 3: folder 22
from Uplands, Pleasant Hill, TN
n.d. [circa 1930s]

Box 4: folder 1-2
n.d. and fragments

Box 4: folder 3
Goodale, Deborah Hill Read
circa 1904-05

Box 4: folder 4
Goodale, Robert

Box 4: folder 5
Goodale, Henry Sterling

Dayton, Rose G.
1896-1906, n.d.

Box 4: folder 6
Goodale, Caroline (HSG's niece)

Box 4: folder 7
[Goodale?], "Aunt Mattie" to Rose G. Dayton

Box 4: folder 8
Goodale, Robert

Dayton, Rose G. (re: Dora's deteriorating condition)
1947, n.d.

Box 4: folder 9
Eastman, Elaine G.

Box 4: folder 10
Goodale, Dora

Box 4: folder 11
Goodale, Samuel ["Uncle Sam"] to Rose G. Dayton and Elaine G. Eastman

Box 4: folder 12
Mensel, Eleanor Eastman (re: Ohi's funeral) to Rose G. Dayton

Box 4: folder 13
Read, Eleanor Lyon (from Sky Farm) to Mary [?] and Ella Read, her daughters

Box 4: folder 14
Read, Ella ("Auntie") to Rose G. Dayton
[circa 1908]

Box 4: folder 15
Read, George

Dayton, Rose G. (her uncle)

Box 4: folder 16
Read, Eleanor (her son, an I.O.U.)

Box 4: folder 17
Sanford, Edith [Redington Dayton's sister?] to Rose G. Dayton

Box 4: folder 18
[Winton?], Sarah H. to Ella Read, and Dora Goodale,
[circa 1860s], 1896

Box 4: folder 19
Friends and associates

to Rose G. Dayton

[Edwards?], Charles

Box 4: folder 20
[Fillors?], Mrs.

Box 4: folder 21
Clare [?]

Box 4: folder 22
Dayton, Theodore from "Doug,"

Box 4: folder 23
Eastman, Elaine G.

General, A-Z
1890, 1912, 1932-48

Box 4: folder 24
Collier, John

Box 4: folder 25
Dawes, Anna L.

Box 4: folder 26
Dawes, Henry

Box 4: folder 27
Eliot, Samuel A.

Box 4: folder 28
Folsom, Cora

Box 4: folder 29
Grierson, Margaret Storrs

Box 4: folder 30
King, Cora Smith

Box 4: folder 31
Lindquist, G.E.E.

Box 4: folder 32
McCaskill, J.C.

Box 4: folder 33
Peabody, George Foster

Box 4: folder 34
Richardson, Anna Steese

Box 4: folder 35
Schwimmer, Rosika

Box 4: folder 36
Vorse, Mary Heaton

Box 4: folder 37
Young, Donald

Box 4: folder 38
Goodale, Henry S.

to Mrs. Benedict

Box 4: folder 39
from Thomas Wentworth Higginson

Box 4: folder 40

Dayton, Rose G.: poems
1916, n.d.

Box 5: folder 1
Eastman, Charles


From the Deep Woods to Civilization (including excerpts from Indian Boyhood), edited by A. LaVonne Brown Ruoff, Lakeside Press, R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company, Chicago; reprint of original 1916 edition

Box 5: folder 2
Indian Boyhood: published volume

Box 5
Red Hunters and the Animal People

Box 5: folder 3
Smoky Days Wigwam Evenings, by Charles and Elaine Goodale Eastman

Box 5
The Soul of the Indian

Box 5: folder 4
Article: "The Indians' Gift to the Nation," The Quarterly Journal of the Society of American Indians, Eastman, Elaine G.
Jan-Mar 1915

Box 5: folder 5
Childhood writings of Elaine and Dora Goodale

All Round the Year: published volume

Box 5: folder 6
Apple Blossoms

Published volumes (small and large editions with distinct bindings)

Box 6: folder 1
Letter, publisher's advertisement, and reviews
1878, n.d.

Box 6: folder 2
In Berkshire with the Wildflowers: Published volume

Box 6: folder 3
Miscellaneous verses


1871-76, n.d.

Box 6: folder 4


Box 6: folder 5
Whiting, Charles (of the Springfield Republican) to Henry S. Goodale

Box 6: folder 6
1878, n.d.

Box 6: folder 7

Hundred Maples: published volume (2 copies)

Box 6: folder 8
Indian Legends Retold

Box 7: folder 1
Journal of a Farmer's Daughter (1881): published volume and reviews
1881, n.d.

Box 7: folder 2
Little Brother O'Dreams: published volume

Box 7: folder 3
Pratt: The Red Man's Moses

Published volume

Box 7: folder 4
Publisher's advertisement

Box 7: folder 5
Sister to the Sioux: The Memoirs of Elaine Goodale Eastman

Published volume, edited by Kay Graber

Box 7: folder 6
"Little Sister to the Sioux," typescript by E.G. Eastman.

Box 8: folder 1
Voice at Eve: published volume (2 copies)

Box 8: folder 2
Yellow Star: published volume

Box 8: folder 3

Captain Pratt and His Work for Indian Education," Indian Rights Association
April 1886

Box 8: folder 4
"Ghost Dance War and Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890-91," Nebraska History (Jan-Mar 1945): published article, typescript, and correspondence

Box 8: folder 5
"Indian Life and Growth at Hampton," The Independent
11 Jun 1885

Box 8: folder 6
"Spinner in the Sun. The Story of Helen Hunt Jackson": unpublished typescript



Box 8: folder 7
Short stories

"The Hand-made House, Country Life in America [photocopy, issue not identified]

Box 8: folder 8
"Pagan Interlude,"

Box 8: folder 9
"A Pot of Tulips," New England Magazine
July 1911

Box 8: folder 10
"The Taming of the Bull": typescript

Box 8: folder 11

General: published, manuscript, and typescript poems; and newspaper review of "Indian Pipes"
1886-1920, n.d.

Box 8: folder 12
The Coming of the Birds: published facsimile

Box 8: folder 13
"Ghost Dance War," n.d.: typescript

Box 8: folder 14
"The Indian Girl's Song": handwritten, Hampton
Feb 1885

Box 8: folder 15
1904-10, 1939

Box 8: folder 16

"The Eagle and the Star: A Play for Camp Fire Girls

Box 8: folder 17
Unpublished typescripts

Box 8: folder 18
Sheet music: "Ashes of Roses," words by Elaine Goodale, music by Mary Knight Wood

Box 8: folder 19
Goodale, Deborah Hill Read

Published articles
1900, 1903, n.d.

Box 9: folder 1
"Mrs. and Miss Brotherton": short story typescript

Box 9: folder 2

Published in newspapers


Box 9: folder 3
n.d., (alpha by title)

Box 9: folder 4
Miscellaneous manuscripts
1882, 1886, 1888

Box 9: folder 5
Correspondence: letter from S.C. [Samuel C.] Armstrong

Box 9: folder 6
Goodale, Dora Read


Mountain Dooryards [1946?]: published volume (2 copies), publisher's advertisement, and book review
1946, 1950

Box 9: folder 7
Test of the Sky: published volume (2 copies)

Box 9: folder 8
Articles and essays

Published in magazines and newspapers


Box 9: folder 9

Box 9: folder 10
1926, n.d.

Box 9: folder 11
Short stories

Published in magazines and newspapers


Box 9: folder 12

Box 9: folder 13

Box 9: folder 14

Published in magazines and newspapers
1883-1919, n.d.

Box 9: folder 15
Manuscripts and typescripts

Box 9: folder 16
Note re: suicidal thoughts

Box 9: folder 17
Correspondence (includes one letter to EGE): Sarah Cleghorn
1942, 1945

Box 9: folder 18
Goodale, Henry S.

"Does Farming Pay?," Harpers New Monthly Magazine
October 1880

Box 10: folder 1
"The Blowden's Day in Berkshire": manuscript play with illustrations

Box 10: folder 2
Poems: manuscripts
1872, 1878, 1903, n.d.

Box 10: folder 3
Read, Eleanor Rogers Lyon: original manuscript and transcription of diary excerpt re: Sky Farm

Box 10: folder 4

Daughters of the American Revolution: circular letters by Eastman re: blacklist controversy

Box 10: folder 5
Native Americans


1940-52, n.d.

Box 10: folder 6
Magazine and newspaper articles
1935-50, n.d.

Box 10: folder 7
Akwesasne Mohawk Counselor Organization
1951, n.d.

Box 10: folder 8
American Indian Political Advisory Committee

Box 10: folder 9
Campfire Girls, Inc.: "Following Indian Trails"

Box 10: folder 10
Eastern Regional Conference of the Fellowship of Indian Workers

Box 10: folder 11
Friends of the Middle Border (Mitchell, SD): Middle Border Bulletin

Box 10: folder 12
General Federation of Women's Clubs, Indian Welfare Committee,
1948-49, n.d.

Box 10: folder 13
Home Missions Council of North America
1948, n.d.

Box 10: folder 14
The Indian Association of America, Inc.
1951, n.d.

Box 10: folder 15
Indian Rights Association (Philadelphia)
1944-53, n.d.

Box 10: folder 16
Inter-American conference on Indian Life, Cuzco, Peru

Box 10: folder 17
Michigan Indian Foundation

Box 10: folder 18
Native Americans in Minnesota

Box 10: folder 19
National Congress of American Indians

General printed materials
1947-52, n.d.

Box 10: folder 20
Washington Bulletin

Box 10: folder 21
National Fellowship of Indian Workers: newsletter



Box 10: folder 22
Navajo and Hopi Indians: miscellaneous printed materials
1947-52, n.d.

Box 11: folder 1
New Mexico Association of Indian Affairs: newsletter

Box 11: folder 2
South Dakota Historical Society: The Wi-iyohi (newsletter)

Box 11: folder 3
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of Indians

Box 11: folder 4
United States Congress

Speeches re: Indians in the Congressional Record

Box 11: folder 5
Miscellaneous hearings and reports regarding Indian policy

Box 11: folder 6
House of Representatives. Subcommittee on Indian Affairs of the Committee on Public Lands: Compilation of Material Relating to the Indians of the United States and the Territory of Alaska, Including Certain Laws and Treaties Affecting Such Indians

Box 11
Department of the Interior. U.S. Indian Service: publications

1933, 1948, 1949-50, n.d.

Box 11: folder 7-8
Indian Education: newsletter

Box 11: folder 9
The Westerners: The Westerner's Brand Book
1945, 1948

Box 11: folder 10
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Massachusetts Branch

Box 11: folder 11

Dayton, Redington

Box 12: folder 1
Dayton, Rose Sterling Goodale

Box 12: folder 2
Dayton, Theodore

Box 12: folder 3
Eastman, Dora Winona

Box 12: folder 4
Eastman, Elaine Goodale
1890-91, n.d.

Box 12: folder 5
Eastman, Irene

Box 12: folder 6
Goodale, Dora Read

Box 12: folder 7
Goodale, Henry Sterling
circa 1860, n.d.

Box 12: folder 8
South Dakota groups and scenes

Taken by Elaine Goodale Eastman
1890-91, n.d.

Box 12: folder 9
Chamberlain, White River, Pine Ridge, and Wounded Knee, SD scenes, taken by Keith F. Johnson
Aug 1993

Box 12: folder 10

#1: Articles mostly about Native Americans by Elaine G. Eastman (includes small amount of correspondence)
1885-1914, 1933, n.d.

Box 13: folder 1-5
#2: Mountain Dooryards by Dora Goodale: reviews and correspondence
1941-50, n.d.

Box 13: folder 6
#3: Articles, book reviews, and letters to the editor about Native Americans (includes some on miscellaneous topics)
1929-49, n.d.

Box 14
#4: Columns and articles by Elaine G. Eastman about home, children, Native Americans, and the D.A.R. blacklist from various newspapers and magazines; and programs of mother's clubs
1896-99, 1911, 1928-29, n.d

Box 15: folder 1
#5: Childhood writings of Elaine and Dora Goodale: correspondence, reviews, publisher's advertisements, portraits of Elaine and Dora, and programs
1877-81, 1897, n.d.

Box 15: folder 2-5
#6: Poems by Elaine Goodale Eastman "never collected in book form": correspondence, poems published in newspapers and magazines, typescript poems, portrait (lithograph), and articles about Eastman
1880-1943, n.d.

Box 15: folder 6
#7: Books by Elaine Goodale Eastman: correspondence, reviews, articles and letters to the editor by EGE, and publisher's advertisements
1910-37, n.d.

Box 15: folder 7
#8: Published and manuscript articles and poems, and correspondence of Deborah Read Goodale, Henry S. Goodale, Elaine G. Eastman, Dora Goodale, and Rose Goodale Dayton
1873-1937, n.d.

Box 15: folder 8
#9: Published and manuscript poems by Dora and Elaine Goodale Eastman,articles about EGE and DRG, letter from Samuel Armstrong to Henry S. Goodale, reviews, and advertisements
1878-1906, n.d.

Box 16: folder 1
#10: Articles (mostly about travel) written for The Rural New Yorker by Dora Goodale
1932-35, n.d.

Box 16: folder 2

Scrapbook #1: originals

Box 17: folder 1
"The Author of Ramona" by Elaine Goodale Eastman [unidentified periodical] [condensation of "Spinner in the Sun"]

Box 17: folder 2
"Epithalamium" for Alfred Edwards and Arabella Stuart Magee by Elaine Goodale Eastman: printed poem
Jun 1874

Box 17
"Triennial Conference, National Fellowship of Indian Workers, American Baptist Assembly, Green Lake, Wisconsin,": flyer

Box 17

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

  • Amherst College -- Students -- Correspondence
  • Authors, American -- Biography -- Sources
  • Berkshire Hills (Mass.) -- Description and travel
  • Camps -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Dakota Territory -- Description and travel
  • Dayton family
  • Dayton, James L.
  • Dayton, Rose Sterling Goodale
  • Depressions -- 1929 -- Massachusetts
  • Eastman family
  • Eastman, Charles Alexander, 1858-1939
  • Eastman, Elaine Goodale, 1863-1953
  • Family -- United States -- History -- Sources
  • Frontier and Pioneer Life -- Great Plains -- Sources
  • Gifted children -- Biography -- Sources
  • Goodale family
  • Goodale, Deborah Hill Read
  • Goodale, Dora Read, 1863-1953
  • Goodale, Henry S.
  • Great Sioux Reservation (N.D. and S.D) -- History -- Sources
  • Hill family
  • Indians of North America -- Education -- History -- Sources
  • Indians of North America -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
  • Indians of North America -- History -- Sources -- 20th century
  • Indians of North America -- Legal Status, laws, etc. -- History -- Sources
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College -- Students -- Correspondence
  • Northampton (Mass.) -- History -- Sources
  • Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.) -- History -- Sources
  • Read family
  • Sanatoriums -- Tennessee -- History -- Sources
  • Santee Indians -- History -- Sources
  • Teachers -- Great Plains -- Biography -- Sources
  • Teton Indians -- History -- Sources
  • West (U.S.) -- History -- Sources
  • Women journalists -- United States -- Biography -- Sources
  • Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890 -- Personal narratives

Genre terms
  • Child authors -- Children's poetry
  • Native Americans -- Fiction
  • Poetry -- Authorship -- Sources

Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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