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Constance Baker Motley papers, 1934-2018
10 linear feet (20 boxes and 1 flat file folder) 0.004 Gigabytes (114 files)
Collection number: SSC.MS.00110

Abstract:
Judge, lawyer, civil rights advocate, and state senator. The bulk of the Motley papers document her professional life; material includes speeches, interviews, photographs, and memorabilia. The collection sheds light on the successes and failures of programs that emerged from the public policy applications of civil rights in such areas as the war on poverty and race discrimination; urban renewal; and in the New York State courts and political systems. Notable correspondents include: Bella Abzug, Brooke Astor, Shirley Chisholm, Hubert Humphrey, Lyndon B. Johnson, Florynce Kennedy, Dorothy Kenyon, Martin Luther King, Jr., John V. Lindsay, George McGovern, Floyd B. McKissick, James Meredith, Pauli Murray, A. Philip Randolph, and Robert F. Wagner. Individuals represented in speeches and published sources include Jack Greenburg, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Thurgood Marshall.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Restrictions on use:

To the extent that they own copyright, Joel Motley III and Constance L. Royster have assigned the copyright of Constance Baker Motley's works to Smith College; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Constance Baker Motley, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Sophia Smith Collection

Biographical / Historical

Constance Juanita Baker was born on September 14th, 1921 in New Haven, Connecticut. She was the ninth of twelve children of Rachel Huggins and Willoughby Alva Baker, both emigrants from Nevis, British West Indies. Her childhood neighborhood, although ethnically diverse (comprised of West Indian, Irish, Italian, Jewish, and Polish families) was relatively free from racial rancor. Rachel Baker was a founder of the New Haven NAACP and Motley was exposed to African American history, especially the writings of W.E.B. DuBois, in her Sunday School. While in high school, Motley became president of the New Haven Youth Council and was secretary of the New Haven Adult Community Council. In 1939, she graduated with honors from Hillhouse High School. Though she had already formed a desire to practice law, Motley lacked the means to attend college, and instead went to work for the National Youth Administration. She also continued her involvement in community activities and it was through this work that she encountered local businessman and philanthropist Clarence Blakeslee, who, after hearing Motley speak at a New Haven community center, offered to pay for her education. She spent a year at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, then transferred to New York University in 1942, earning her A.B. in economics from its Washington Square College in 1943. In February 1944 she began her legal studies at Columbia Law School. She graduated in 1946, the same year she married Joel Wilson Motley, Jr., a real estate and insurance broker. Their son, Joel Motley III, was born in 1952.

In 1945 Constance Motley took a job as law clerk to Thurgood Marshall, chief counsel of the NAACP's Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (LDEF), and accompanied Marshall to court for most of his cases. After earning her law degree, Motley continued to work for the LDEF. In 1950 she was named assistant counsel and in 1961 she became associate counsel when Jack Greenberg succeeded Thurgood Marshall as head of the LDEF. As counsel Motley was involved in almost every important civil rights case of the era. She worked on litigation for the 1954 school desegregation case, Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas and subsequently fought for and won several other successful public school and university desegregation cases, including James Meredith's entry into the University of Mississippi in 1962. The LDEF also represented Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and his followers in civil rights campaigns for desegregation of public transportation and accommodations throughout the South from 1961 to 1963. Motley brought many of these civil rights cases to higher courts. Between 1961 and 1964, she argued ten civil rights cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, winning nine. [For a complete list and summaries of Motley's NAACP cases see the Columbia University project database, described in the Scope and Contents note]. In his book, Crusaders in the Courts (1994), Jack Greenberg said of Motley's work with the NAACP: "[She] was a dogged opponent of Southern segregationists, who found her tougher than Grant at Vicksburg. She dug in to a position and wouldn't let go in the face of all kinds of threats, evasion, obfuscation, and delay."

In the late 1950s Motley had begun to be active in New York State politics. She served as a member of the New York State Advisory Council on Employment and Unemployment Insurance from 1958 to 1964, and in February 1964, she left the NAACP, having won a special election to the New York State Senate, becoming the first African American woman to serve in that body. As State Senator for the 21st Congressional District in Manhattan (roughly from 96th street on the upper west side to 161st street in Harlem), Motley launched a campaign during her first seven weeks in office to extend civil rights legislation in employment, education, and housing. She was re-elected to the Senate in November 1964 and served until February 1965, when New York City Council elected her the first woman to serve as President of the Borough of Manhattan. She was re-elected in the city-wide elections of November 1965 for a full four-year term and was the first candidate for the Manhattan Presidency to win the endorsement of the Republican, Democratic, and Liberal Parties. As Borough President, Motley drew up a seven-point program for the revitalization of Harlem and East Harlem, and won a pioneering fight for $700,000 to plan renewal projects for those and other underprivileged areas of the city. The plan included a design to decrease racial segregation in the public schools serving the housing projects.

In January 1966 Motley was nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson for a judgeship in the Federal District Court for the Southern District of New York--the nation's largest federal court covering Manhattan, the Bronx, and six New York counties. Over tremendous opposition from southern senators (led by Senator James Eastland of Mississippi) and other federal judges, Motley was confirmed in August 1966, becoming the first woman to occupy that post, and the first African American woman ever named to the federal bench. Judge Motley continued to be a strong supporter of civil rights for minorities and the poor, as well as for women's rights. Among her many controversial decisions was the infamous "locker room case," Ludtke v. Kuhn (1978), in which she ruled that a woman reporter be admitted to the New York Yankees' locker room. In another highly publicized case Judge Motley admonished the New York City police for not providing Vietnam war protesters with adequate protection against violence in the streets (Belknap et al v. Leary, 1970). [These and other notable cases presided over by Judge Motley are summarized in the Columbia University project which is described in the Scope and Content note below.] In 1982, Judge Motley was appointed Chief Judge of the Southern District of New York and held senior status since 1986. Constance Baker Motley died in New York City in September 2005.

For additional biographical information, see Equal Justice-Under Law: An Autobiography by Constance Baker Motley (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998).

Scope and Contents

The Constance Baker Motley Papers are primarily related to her professional and public life from 1948 to 2005. Types of material include correspondence; speeches; legal documents; photographs; press releases; reports; journal and newspaper articles; transcripts of interviews; and memorabilia.

The bulk of the papers date from 1964 to 1966 and focus on Motley's tenures as New York State Senator, President of the Borough of Manhattan, and her early years as a Judge in one of the busiest federal district courts in the country. Major topics found throughout these papers include the civil rights movement in the South; racism and discrimination in the U.S; equal opportunities for African Americans in employment, housing, and education; urban renewal in New York City, particularly Harlem; community activism and neighborhood development; New York (State and City) politics; women in the legal profession and politics; and modern judicial history. The papers are equally rich as a record of the public life and career of a pioneering African American woman in her ascent to national prominence often in the face of strong prejudice.

Correspondence comprises roughly half of the collection. Included are exchanges with constituents and other concerned citizens relating to legislation before Motley as State Senator; a myriad of political and social issues she faced as Manhattan Borough President; and cases she presided over as Justice in the Southern District Court of New York. These letters, both supportive and negative, illustrate the turbulent social and political atmosphere of New York City in the mid-1960s. Certain letters from detractors offer evidence of the sometimes quite virulent public sentiment Motley faced in challenging racism and discrimination.

Notable correspondents include: Bella Abzug, Brooke Astor, Shirley Chisholm, Hubert Humphrey, Lyndon B. Johnson, Florynce Kennedy, Dorothy Kenyon, Martin Luther King, Jr., John V. Lindsay, George McGovern, Floyd B. McKissick, James and Mary June Meredith, Pauli Murray, A. Philip Randolph, and Robert F. Wagner. Cross-references in the folder list and the Name Index at the end of this document refer researchers to material on individuals found in series other than Correspondence.

Researchers may also wish to consult two databases which were created through a project at Columbia University Law School in 1995. The first is a database of the Constance Baker Motley papers available in the Sophia Smith Collection and elsewhere. The other is a database of summaries of important NAACP cases in which Motley was counsel. In addition there are text files consisting of a list and case summaries of significant NAACP cases as well as cases Motley tried as a Federal judge. Copies of the databases and text files are all available in electronic form on the SSC computer network. A complete description of the project, the databases, and printouts of some of the text files are filed in box 15 of this collection. Consult the Reference staff for more information on how to access the electronic resources.

This collection is organized into five series:

  1. I. Biographical Material
  2. II. Correspondence
  3. III. Professional Activities
  4. IV. Speeches
  5. Joel Motley collection of Constance Baker Motley papers

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Restrictions on use:

To the extent that they own copyright, Joel Motley III and Constance L. Royster have assigned the copyright of Constance Baker Motley's works to Smith College; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Constance Baker Motley, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Constance Baker Motley Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, 00110, Smith College Special Collections, Northampton, Massachusetts.

Additional Formats

Selections from the Constance Baker Motley Papers can be viewed in the Web exhibit Agents of Social Change: New Resources on 20th-century Women's Activism .

History of the Collection

Constance Baker Motley donated her papers to the Sophia Smith Collection from 1971 to 1992. Joel Motley donated additional material in 2018.

Processing Information

Processed by Marla Miller, Margaret Jessup, and Monique Daviau (intern), 1998.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This collection contains materials received from the donor in digital form that are not currently available online. Please consult with Special Collections staff to request access to this digital content.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL
1948-1986 1948-1986


This series provides an overview of Constance Baker Motley's career and public life. Magazine and newspaper articles, dated from 1956 to 1986, document Motley's many achievements. Also included are a brief chronology of her career and tributes to Motley from New York City Mayor Robert F. Wagner and Chief Justice Earl Warren. The file pertaining to honorary degrees and awards received by Motley include letters from Thomas Mendenhall, President of Smith College, and from Jack Greenberg concerning her honorary degree from Columbia Law School. Other material in this series includes photographs, an article written by Motley honoring Thurgood Marshall, her application for admission to the New York State Bar in 1948, and a "miscellaneous" file with printed material and notes. There is also a scrapbook of clippings, dated 1965-66, relating to Motley's Borough Presidency, numerous public appearances, and her appointment as Federal Judge in January 1966 [see OVERSIZE MATERIALS].

An 801-page transcript of an interview with Motley, conducted by Mrs. Walter Gellhorn of the Oral History Research Office at Columbia University Law Library, completes this series. In this interview Judge Motley recalls her childhood and family; her education; her work with the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund; and her political and judicial careers. The interview was conducted in 1976 and the transcript was completed in 1978. The original tapes are housed at the Columbia Law Library.

Contents


Box 1: folder 1
Biographical sketch
undated

Box 1: folder 2
Tributes by Mayor Robert Wagner 1965 and Chief Justice Earl Warren (n.d.)
1965

Box 1: folder 3
Articles and newspaper clippings
1956-86

Box 1: folder 4-5
General

[see also OVERSIZE MATERIALS]

Admission to New York Bar: applications, correspondence, and references
1948

Box 1: folder 6
Honorary degrees: correspondence and publicity, 1965-85 (includes letters from Jack Greenberg and Thomas Mendenhall)
1965-85

Box 1: folder 7
General

[see also SERIES IV. SPEECHES ]

"Tribute to Thurgood Marshall" (article by C.B.M.)
1983

Box 1: folder 8
Photographs
1963 undated

Box 1: folder 9
Miscellaneous: printed material and notes
1963-78 undated

Box 1: folder 10
Oral history transcript
1976

Box 2: folder 1-7
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE
1964-87 1964-87


This series is organized into four subseries: Family, General, Individuals, and "Hate mail." The Family subseries consists of one folder of correspondence. Letters from friends and colleagues are scattered throughout the General correspondence.

The bulk of this series consists of the General correspondence which is arranged chronologically from 1964 to 1987, mostly dated between 1964 and 1967. There is no correspondence prior to1964 (the period of Motley's NAACP activities) in these papers. Constituent and public response letters form the largest part of this subseries, from Motley's election to the State Senate in 1964 through the early 1980s. Where there is a significant amount of correspondence pertaining to a particular issue, bill, or court case, it can be found in SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES--Subjects. Many of the issues Motley dealt with as State Senator for the 21st Congressional District in Manhattan (February 1964 to February 1965), including bills she introduced to the legislature, are reflected in her constituents' letters. Topics include civil rights legislation, labor reform, and urban renewal. Motley also served on state senate committees for the Affairs of Cities, Internal Affairs, and Penal Institutions. Corresp

Correspondence Motley received as Borough of Manhattan President from February 1965 to August 1966 relates to a variety of issues, including racial discrimination in public education, employment, organizations, and housing; Harlem revitalization; and the controversy surrounding construction of the Lower Manhattan Expressway, which Motley opposed (see letter dated 8 September 1965 in the General subseries).

At each new appointment or election, Motley received floods of letters and telegrams of congratulations from friends and colleagues as well as from supportive constituents and citizens from around the country. These generally fall within the months of February to September of 1964; February to November of 1965; and January to August of 1966. There is also a steady stream of invitations seeking Motley's presence as a guest or a speaker at a wide variety of events. In most cases, her replies are attached.

The Individuals subseries consists of letters to or from several notable individuals, including Bella Abzug, Brooke Astor, Derrick Bell, Wiley Branton, Shirley Chisholm, Sammy Davis, Jr., Thomas Hoving, Jack Greenberg, Hubert Humphrey, Lyndon B. Johnson, Dorothy Kenyon, Martin Luther King, Jr., John Lindsay, George McGovern, Floyd B. McKissick; James Meredith; Pauli Murray, A. Philip Randolph, Nelson Rockefeller, Richard Rodgers, Roy Wilkins, and Whitney Young. In most cases, there are only one or two letters from or to each of the individuals in this subseries. There is pro forma correspondence from and to New York City Mayor Robert F. Wagner scattered throughout the General correspondence, from Motley's terms as State Senator and Manhattan Borough President. Cross-references in the folder list and the Name Index refer researchers to material on individuals found in series other than Correspondence.

The Hate mail subseries consists of one file of letters from the public with particularly hostile, often racist content. These illustrate the intense controversy which surrounded so much of Motley's career, as well as the path-breaking nature of some of her decisions. There are similar letters in SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES-Federal District Court-Subjects, under Ludtke v. Kuhn, (the case in which Motley's decision allowed a woman reporter admittance to the Yankees' locker room), and Belknap et al. v. Leary (regarding police protection of Vietnam war demonstrators).

Family
1965-66

Box 3: folder 1
General



Jan - Mar 1964

Box 3: folder 2-9
ca.Apr - Dec 1964

Box 4: folder 1-5
ca.undated 1964

Box 4: folder 6
Mar-10 Apr 1965

Box 4: folder 7-8
ca.11 Apr - Dec 1965

Box 5: folder 1-9
Jan - Mar 1966

Box 6: folder 1-6
ca.Apr - Dec 1966

Box 7: folder 1-7
1967-75

Box 7: folder 8-10
1976-87

Box 8: folder 1-4
undated and unidentified
undated

Box 8: folder 5
Individuals



Abzug, Bella
1964 1966

Box 8: folder 6
Astor, Brooke
1966

Box 8: folder 7
Bell, Derrick
1966 1980

Box 8: folder 8
Branton, Wiley A.
1965-66

Box 8: folder 9
Chisholm, Shirley
1965 1966

Box 8: folder 10
Davis, Sammy, Jr.
1965

Box 8: folder 11
Greenberg, Jack
1966

Box 8: folder 12
Hoving, Thomas
1966

Box 8: folder 13
Humphrey, Hubert
1964

Box 8: folder 14
General

[see also SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITES-Borough of Manhattan Subjects-White House Conference]

Johnson, Lyndon B.
1965

Box 8: folder 15
Kenyon, Dorothy
1964 1965 1966

Box 8: folder 16
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1964-65 (includes telegram from MLK, Ralph D. Abernathy, Fred L. Shuttesworth, and Wyatt T. Walker of the S.C.L.C.)
1964-65

Box 8: folder 17
Lindsay, John V.
1965-66

Box 8: folder 18
McGovern, George
1971

Box 8: folder 19
McKissick, Floyd B.
1966

Box 8: folder 20
Meredith, James and Mary
June 1965

Box 8: folder 21
Murray, Pauli
1966

Box 8: folder 22
Randolph, A. Philip
1965-66

Box 8: folder 23
General

[see also SERIES IV. SPEECHES, 19 Dec 1966; and SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITES-Borough of Manhattan-Subjects-White House Conference]

Rockefeller, Nelson and Margaretta
1966

Box 8: folder 24
General

[see also SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITES-New York State Advisory Council on Unemployment and Employment Insurance]

Rodgers, Richard
1965

Box 8: folder 25
Wilkins, Roy
1964 1966

Box 8: folder 26
Young, Whitney and Margaret
1964 1966

Box 8: folder 27
"Hate mail,"
1964-76 undated

Box 8: folder 28
SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES
1956-66 1956-66


This series consists of five subseries: NAACP Legal and Educational Defense Fund; New York State Advisory Council on Unemployment and Employment Insurance; New York State Senate; Borough of Manhattan; and Federal District Court.

The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. subseries includes brochures and magazine articles about the NAACP and LDEF activities; several folders of newspaper clippings related to civil rights cases in Alabama and Mississippi in which Motley was involved as counsel for the LDEF, including Lucy v. U. of Alabama, a 1956 desegregation case and the bus boycotts in Montgomery, Alabama in 1956 and 1961. Petitions Motley submitted to withdraw from her NAACP cases when she assumed the Manhattan Borough Presidency in 1965 are also included here. These documents provide an overview of the numerous civil rights cases that she and the LDEF staff were litigating at that time.

A small subseries related to Motley's term on the New York State Advisory Council on Unemployment and Employment Insurance contains printed material relating to land value taxation, an issue before the Council at that time. Her letter of resignation from the Council in 1964 is also filed here, with Governor Nelson Rockefeller's response.

The New York State Senate subseries includes campaign material for the special election and for Motley's re-election as State Senator in 1964; press releases from her office; bills introduced by Motley; and subject files. The bills are arranged alphabetically by topic and include drafts of bills, supporting documents and, in some cases, constituent correspondence. Many of the bills introduced by Senator Motley challenged discrimination and segregation in public schools and private clubs, housing, and labor and civil service organizations. Other bills pertain to amendments to legislation such as employment benefits for domestic and agricultural workers; the minimum wage law; animal experimentation laws; financing housing and schools; an alcoholic beverage control law; and legislation concerning police search warrants. The latter file contains letters from people opposed to Motley's position on what was popularly known as the "stop and search" bill intended to protect citizen's rights against police h

The Borough of Manhattan subseries includes campaign material, press releases, the 1965 Annual report of the Borough, and subject files. The campaign material relates to Motley's campaign for re-election as President of the Borough in November 1965. The subject files are arranged alphabetically and include material related to various projects, committees, and miscellaneous social and political issues that surfaced from February 1965 to August 1966. Topics include the revitalization of Harlem; housing discrimination and tenants' rights; and a White House conference on civil rights in which Motley participated. There is also a file containing articles and letters regarding city taxi drivers accused of discriminating against blacks, including a New York Post article by Langston Hughes. For more information on Motley's activities during her term as Borough President, see SERIES IV. SPEECHES, which focuses mainly on that time period.

The Federal District Court subseries includes subject files; clippings related to miscellaneous cases; applications for jobs received by Motley when she first assumed the judgeship; and congratulatory letters from other Southern District Judges upon her appointment to Senior status in 1986 (other congratulatory letters are filed in SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE-General). The series includes legal documents, articles, and letters reflecting both positive and negative public reaction to Motley's controversial decision in Ludtke v. Kuhn, the 1978 case in which Judge Motley ruled that Melissa Ludtkea sports writer for Time, Inc., be admitted to the New York Yankees' locker room. Another file contains both positive and negative responses to her decision regarding police protection of Vietnam war protesters in Belknap et al v. Leary (1970).

NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.



Printed material, 1961-68, undated (includes articles about Motley, Thurgood Marshall, and Jack Greenberg)
1961-68 undated

Box 9: folder 1
Civil rights cases: clippings



University of Alabama (Autherine Lucy)
1956

Box 9: folder 2
Montgomery Alabama bus boycotts
1956 1963

Box 9: folder 3
Mississippi (miscellaneous)
1956-61

Box 9: folder 4
Civil Rights Act of 1964
1964

Box 9: folder 5
Census of African American population by borough, New York City, circa
1960s

Box 9: folder 6
Petitions to withdraw from NAACP cases submitted by CBM when she assumed the Manhattan Borough Presidency
February 1966

Box 9: folder 7
New York State Advisory Council on Unemployment and Employment Insurance



Taxation of land values: printed material, circa
1958-64 undated

Box 10: folder 1
General

[see also OVERSIZE MATERIALS]

Letter of resignation and reply from Governor Nelson Rockefeller
1964

Box 10: folder 2
New York State Senate



Special election and campaign for re-election: statement, questionnaires, and publicity
1964

Box 10: folder 3
Press releases, circa
1964

Box 10: folder 4
Bills, circa
1964


Alcoholic beverage control law (Moreland Commission)


Box 10: folder 5-6
Animal experimentation and humane slaughter


Box 10: folder 7
Domestic relations, re: religious affiliation in adoption (includes memorandum from Attorney Florynce R Kennedy)


Box 10: folder 8
Domestic workers (re: benefits for)


Box 10: folder 9
Fire departments (anti-discrimination law)


Box 10: folder 10
Labor organizations (anti-discrimination law)


Box 10: folder 11
Multiple dwelling


Box 10: folder 12
Police, search warrants (also known as "Stop & search bill")


Box 10: folder 13
Private housing finance


Box 10: folder 14
Scholar Incentive Program for High School Students


Box 10: folder 15
School finance


Box 10: folder 16
School desegregation


Box 10: folder 17
Unemployment insurance for non-profit organizations


Box 10: folder 18
Miscellaneous


Box 10: folder 19
Subjects



Civil Rights Action proposal
1964

Box 10: folder 20
Morningside Heights neighborhood and Columbia land deal
1963-65

Box 10: folder 21
General

[see also SERIES IV. SPEECHES, 4/10/65]

Police brutality issue
1964

Box 10: folder 22
Borough of Manhattan



Campaign for re-election as President, Aug-Nov
1965


General: correspondence, memoranda, notes, memorabilia


Box 11: folder 1
New York County Democratic Committee: correspondence


Box 11: folder 2
Mailing lists


Box 11: folder 3
Contributions


Box 11: folder 4
Expenses


Box 11: folder 5
Press Releases
1965-66

Box 11: folder 6
Annual Report, Borough of Manhattan
1965

Box 11: folder 7
Miscellaneous: notes and memoranda
undated

Box 11: folder 8
Subjects



Board of Ethics
1965

Box 11: folder 9
Citizens to Keep New York City Clean
1964-65

Box 11: folder 10
Columbia University Center for Research and Education in Civil Liberties
1965

Box 11: folder 11
Commission on Human Rights
1965

Box 11: folder 12
Community Planning Board
1965

Box 11: folder 13
Harlem housing legislation
1965

Box 11: folder 14
Housing and urban development
1965-66

Box 11: folder 15
National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing
1964-65

Box 11: folder 16
94th Street Armory housing and Junior High School proposal
April-May 1965

Box 11: folder 17
Proportional representation
1965

Box 11: folder 18
Taxicabs and discrimination
1965

Box 11: folder 19
Tenants steering committee
1965

Box 11: folder 20
Udall, Stewart (report of the NYC Planning Commission on the Secretary of the Interior's visit to New York)


Box 11: folder 21
United Nations International School
1965

Box 11: folder 22
Urban America, Inc.
1966

Box 11: folder 23
White House Conference: "To Fulfill These Rights," 1965 (includes correspondence from Hubert Humphrey and A. Phillip Randolph)
1965

Box 11: folder 24
Federal District Court



Congratulatory letters from Southern District Judges re: Senior status
1986

Box 12: folder 1
Job applications (requesting position with Judge Motley)
1966

Box 12: folder 2
Clippings re: miscellaneous cases
1972-87

Box 12: folder 3
Subjects



Belknap et al. v. Leary (police protection of war demonstrators)
1970

Box 12: folder 4
Judicial Conference of Second Circuit, Whiteface Inn, Lake Placid, NY
June 30-July 2, 1966

Box 12: folder 5
Ludtke v. Kuhn: legal documents and correspondence
1978

Box 12: folder 6
SERIES IV. SPEECHES
1963-88 1963-88


This series contains mostly typescripts of speeches written and delivered by Motley from 1963 to 1988. They are arranged chronologically and in some cases are accompanied by fliers, posters, or other printed material. Related correspondence, (invitations and responses, travel arrangements, etc.) can be found in SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE-General. The bulk of the speeches are from Motley's term as Manhattan Borough President in 1965. Recurring topics include civil rights; urban development (especially in Harlem) and neighborhood programs (such as the Henry Street Settlement); equality in education; women in politics and the legal profession; and leadership in the black community. In addition there are tributes to prominent individuals; commencement speeches; fundraising for community organizations; civic events; and papers given at panels, conferences and lecture series.

Women's City Club of New York, Inc.
November 19, 1963

Box 13: folder 1
New York Ethical Culture Society
March 15, 1964

Box 13
"The Civil Rights Crisis," statement prepared for State Democratic Committee Campaign Schools by Senator Motley
ca.1964

Box 13
(untitled) "The increased pressures of the times...,"
ca.1963

Box 13
Opening of International Flower Show, New York City
March 6, 1965

Box 13: folder 2
JOIN (Job Orientation in Neighborhoods) graduation
March 9, 1965

Box 13
National Newspaper Publishers, honoring John B. Russworm
March 12, 1965

Box 13
Ribbon-cutting ceremony, May's Department Store
March 18, 1965

Box 13
Harlem-Brooklyn Committee for Big Sisters (5th Annual Program)
March 20, 1965

Box 13
Reunion of 369th Veterans Association
March 21, 1965

Box 13: folder 2
Multiple Sclerosis luncheon
March 31, 1965

Box 13
New Era Club
April 9, 1965

Box 13
Morningside Community Center
April 10, 1965

Box 13
Reform Independent Democrats
April 21, 1965

Box 13
United Democrats Club/Wilheminia Adams
April 22, 1965

Box 13
UAW-AFL/CIO luncheon
April 24, 1965

Box 13
Society for the Advancement of Judaism
April 25, 1965

Box 13
Lexington Democratic Club
May 1, 1965

Box 13
Day Care Week program
May 3, 1965

Box 13
Opening of exhibit on the accomplishments of minorities in American history, at P.S. 144
May 4, 1965

Box 13
Manhattan Boro-wide Salute to Music, Hunter College
May 5, 1965

Box 13
Day Care Council of New York
May 5, 1965

Box 13
Sojourner Truth Awards luncheon, National Association of Negro Business Professional Women
May 9, 1965

Box 13
National Council of Jewish Women
May 11, 1965

Box 13
District Youth-Adult Citizenship Conference
May 17, 1965

Box 13
Women's Division of American Jewish Congress
May 17, 1965

Box 13
Puerto Rican Association of Women Voters
May 19, 1965

Box 13
League of Women Voters
May 24, 1965

Box 13
Encampment for Citizenship
May 2, 1965

Box 13: folder 2
Vest Pocket Development (West Side Urban Renewal)
May 27, 1965

Box 13
Riverside Country School
May 27, 1965

Box 13
Public Personnel Association Convention
June 3, 1965

Box 13: folder 3
Community Planning Board (Rebuilding of Harlem) Columbia University
June 5, 1965

Box 13
Greenwich Village Association
June 8, 1965

Box 13
55th Annual Meeting of the Urban League
June 9, 1965

Box 13
Proposed construction of a cement plant on the Harlem River
June 11, 1965

Box 13
Proposed demolition of the High School of Commerce
June 11, 1965

Box 13
P.S. 161 (International Fiesta)
June 12, 1965

Box 13
East Midtown Reform Democrats Club
June 14, 1965

Box 13
East Side Chamber of Commerce
June 16, 1965

Box 13
P.S. 125 (Children's Organization for Civil Rights)
June 18, 1965

Box 13
New Chelsea Reform Democrats Club
June 18, 1965

Box 13
J.H.S. 43 Graduation
June 23, 1965

Box 13
Delacorte Animated Clock dedication
June 24, 1965

Box 13
Benjamin Franklin High School graduation
June 25, 1965

Box 13
Charles Evans Hughes High School graduation
June 29, 1965

Box 13
Community Planning Board (park safety)
July 13, 1965

Box 13
Opening of First Neighborhood Information and Service Center
July 20, 1965

Box 13: folder 3
National Insurance Convention
July 20, 1965

Box 13
WNYC radio broadcast, "Rebuilding Harlem,"
August 9, 1965

Box 13
Convention of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Birmingham, AL
August 9, 1965

Box 13
Proportional Representation Campaign Committee
August 11, 1965

Box 13
Site Selection Board meeting, after vote on use of 94th St. Armory Site
August 23, 1965

Box 13
Proposal before the Board of Estimates for an Industrial Park on the Brooklyn Flatlands Site
September 24, 1965

Box 13
WLIB radio statement against industrial park in Brooklyn Flatlands
September 27, 1965

Box 13
25th Anniversary Dinner Dance of the Vulcan Society honoring Chief Wesley Williams, Baldwin, L.I., NY
September 29, 1965

Box 13
First Borough President's Conference of Community Leaders
September 29, 1965

Box 13
WWRL radio, Harlem development
October 1, 1965

Box 13: folder 4
West Indian Veterans dance
October 2, 1965

Box 13
Acceptance of AAUW Woman of the Year, Columbia University
October 8, 1965

Box 13
Woman's day at the Church of the Master
October 10, 1965

Box 13
Transport Workers Union
October 11, 1965

Box 13
Delacorte Fountain dedication
October 11, 1965

Box 13
Liberal Party 21st Annual Dinner
October 13, 1965

Box 13: folder 4
Opening of the 114th St Rehabilitation Project
October 14, 1965

Box 13
Testimonial Dinner in honor of Rev. Dr. Allen E. Claxton, Broadway


Box 13
Temple Methodist Church
October 20, 1965

Box 13
Opening of the Hudson Guild Center for the Aged
October 21, 1965

Box 13
Women's Day, Victory Tabernacle Seventh-Day Christian Church
October 23, 1965

Box 13
Emmanuel AME Church fundraising banquet
October 23, 1965

Box 13
St. Phillips Church Annual Fellowship Luncheon
October 23, 1965

Box 13
Testimonial dinner for Abraham E. Kazan
24 October 1965

Box 13
Jamaica Industrial Development Corp.
October 26, 1965

Box 13
Address to City Planning Commission (revitalization between 110th and 155th Streets)
October 26, 1965

Box 13
Congress of Senior Citizens Rally (advent of Medicare, etc)
October 27, 1965

Box 13
WWRL radio (revitalization of Harlem)
October 27, 1965

Box 13
East Side Chamber of Commerce Dinner
October 30, 1965

Box 13
Metropolitan Community Methodist Church
November 14, 1965

Box 13
National Committee For Rural Schools
November 20, 1965

Box 13
Educational Parks Conference (segregated schools)
November 30, 1965

Box 13
YMCA conference, "New Horizons for Women in the Political and Social Life of the Nation,"
December 2, 1965

Box 13
National Conference of Christians and Jews in Philadelphia
December 2, 1965

Box 13: folder 4
Orin Lehman Beth Jacob Schools Awards Presentation
December 5, 1965

Box 13
WWRL and WLIB radio (revitalization of Harlem) December 7, 1965 Committee on Civil Rights in Manhattan, circa 1965
December 7, 1965

Box 13
Dinner for Councilman J. Raymond Jones, given by the Cerberean Society, circa
1965

Box 13
City Planning Commission at the Capital Budget Hearing, City Hall
December 15, 1965

Box 13
Christmas message at the Christmas tree lighting ceremony at City Hall
December 16, 1965

Box 13
Riker's Island
December 21, 1965

Box 13
Mayor Lindsay's inauguration (not delivered)
January 1, 1966

Box 13: folder 5
New York Shakespeare Festival acquisition of "Landmark Building," the former Astor Library
January 5, 1966

Box 13
The Second Borough President's Conference of Community Leaders, YWCA
January 21, 1966

Box 13
Basic Education Classes of the Free-Employment Training Program
February 11, 1966

Box 13
Friendly Towns, affiliated with the Herald Tribune Fresh Air Fund: speech and draft
February 17, 1966

Box 13
P.S. 90 (228 West 148th St, NYC): speech and draft
February 24, 1966

Box 13
"Humanitarian of the Community Award" to Miss Lorraine D. Miller, Stuyvesant Chapter of Cancer Care at the Hotel Pierre): speech and draft
February 26, 1966

Box 13
Sisterhood of Temple Rodeph Sholom): speech and draft
February 28, 1966

Box 13: folder 5
Manhattan Community Planning Boards
March 2, 1966

Box 13
Introduction of Frances Levenson (housing and inter-group relations): speech and draft
March 5, 1966

Box 13
"Education is too important to be left solely to educators....": speech and draft
March 8, 1966

Box 13
Women's Day of the Abyssinian Baptist Church: speech, draft and program
March 13, 1966

Box 13
Introduction of Corporation Counsel J. Lee Rankin, at the annual dinner of the Men's Class of the Riverside Church: speech and draft
March 15, 1966.

Box 13
Speech honoring Helen Hall, Executive Director of the Henry Street Settlement
March 1966

Box 13
Remarks on receiving a Spirit of Achievement Award presented by Greater New York Chapter National Women's Division, Albert Einstein College of Medicine: speech and draft
April 20, 1966

Box 13
Plaque presentation to the Rev. Dr. Allen E. Claxton, Community Planning Board
12, April 26, 1966

Box 13
Women's Bar Association
December 8, 1966

Box 13
Hadassah-Myrtle Wreath Award
December 14, 1966

Box 13
Presentation of the Mary McLeod Bethune Award to A. Philip Randolph
December 19, 1966

Box 13
Untitled draft (planning board meeting), circa
1966

Box 13
Address before Columbia Law School Alumni Association
January 27, 1967

Box 14: folder 1
"The Quest for a New Equality," United Church Women of Lower Middlesex County, CT
April 29, 1967

Box 14
Edward Waters College Alumni Testimonial Banquet honoring Dr. William B. Stewart
May 10, 1968

Box 14: folder 1
Bennett College Symposium "The College Woman in Today's World,"
October 11, 1968

Box 14
"On Meeting Our Responsibility for Providing Legal Assistance to the Poor in Civil Cases," AAUW Forum
February 22 69

Box 14
"Separate but Equal-Reexamined," Cornell University
April 12, 1969

Box 14
Comencement Address, Saint Augustine's College, Raleigh, NC
May 25, 1969

Box 14: folder 2
Award Dinner, National Conference of Christians and Jews
November 22, 1970

Box 14
"Twenty Years Later-My Personal Recollections of Brown and Some Personal Comments On Its Impact and Implementation" Third Annual Civil Rights Lectures, Center for Civil Rights, University of Notre Dame
March 21, 1974

Box 14
"Securing the Rights of the Individual in an Organized Society" The Brattleboro Forum, Brattleboro, VT
April 2, 1976

Box 14
"The Role of the Federal Courts in Establishing Justice" American Revolution Bicentennial Committee, Westport, CT
October 21, 1976

Box 14
Gate City Bar Association "Law Day '77" Atlanta, GA
May 4, 1977

Box 14
Graduate and Professional School's Convocation, Rutgers University
June 3, 1977

Box 14
Presentation of the Personal Papers of Ernest Nathan Morial to the Amistad Research Center, New Orleans, LA
April 30, 1978

Box 14: folder 3
Dedication of the Shad Polier Library
June 19, 1978

Box 14
Philadelphia Area Lawyers' Wives Judicial Luncheon (25th anniversary of Supreme Court decision voiding state-sanctioned racial segregation in public education)
March 24, 1979

Box 14
Women's Forum medal of achievement Yale University
May 6, 1979

Box 14: folder 3
Commencement Address, Spelman College
May 20, 1979

Box 14
"The Law as an Instrument of Social Change" U. of Montana Law School, Missoula, MT
March 2, 1980

Box 14
"Prisoners' Rights-Rights of Mental Patients: Recent Developments in the Law" American Psychiatric Association Convention, San Francisco
May 7, 1980

Box 14
One-Hundredth Anniversary, Episcopal Churchwomen of Connecticut
November 9, 1980

Box 14
Women and Work Conference, Smith College
March 10, 1982

Box 14
General

[see also SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL-- Articles and newspaper clippings]

"A Nation of Litigators-The Constitution Its Sword," New York County Lawyers Annual Bar Dinner
December 9, 1982

Box 14
"The Federal Courts: The Next 100 Years," Symposium at South Carolina Law School
September 1986

Box 14: folder 4
"Legal Defense Fund Award to Judge Robert L. Carter,"
March 25, 1988

Box 14
Chevene Bowers King Memorial, Albany, GA
March 18-19, 1988

Box 14
1995
1 boxes0.004 Gigabytes(114 files)

Scope and content:

Two databases and supporting documents created as part of Ford Foundation project, 1995. The first dataase is a catalog of Motely's papers at both Columbia University and the Sophia Smith Collection. The second database is case decisions and summaries. There are also text documents containing biographical information, and case summaries (see detailed description in box 15).

Physical characteristics:

This collection contains materials received from the donor in digital form that are not currently available online. Please consult with Special Collections staff to request access to this digital content.

Processing information:

The contents of two floppy disks, including exports from two Filemaker Pro databases and additional text documents were copied to networked storage for preservation. The case summaries were also received as digital files (Word docs) and many (but not all) were printed for the collection.

Description of project and database files

2 items(3 1/2 inch floppy disks)
Box 15: folder 1
NAACP: index, list, and selected printouts of case summaries


Box 15: folder 2
Federal District Court: selected printouts of case summaries


Box 15: folder 3
OVERSIZE MATERIALS



Biographical materials: Scrapbook
1965-66

Box 16
Lyndon B. Johnson poster and congratulatory note from Frederick V. Seabrook
undated

2
Allen Morrison, "Top Woman Civil Rights Lawyer: Constance Baker Motley Secures Rights for Millions," Ebony
January 1963

2
International Research Committee on Real Estate Taxation, "A Graphic Summary of Municipal Improvement and Finance as Affected by the Untaxing of Improvements and the Taxation of Land Values,"
undated

2
2018-S-0057. Motley, Constance BakerMotley, Joel, Joel Motley collection of Constance Baker Motley papers
1934-2018
4 linear feet(3 record cartons, 1 11x14 OS box, 1 oversize folder. )

This addition to the Constance Baker Motley papers contains the materials collected by her son, Joel Motley after her death in 2005. The collection primarily focuses on Motley's professional writing and speeches, containing Motley's judicial opinions from 1977-1997. In addition, the collection includes several annotated Supreme and District Court decisions dating from 1955-1963, as well as booklets concerning racial discrimination in education and housing. The collection also documents commemorative events in Motley's honor after her passing, such as the Constance Baker Motley symposium at Quinnipiac University in 2009.

SUBSERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL
1936-2018


Constance Baker Motley memorial mass program
2005

Box 17: folder 1
Simmie Knox portrait artist business card
ca.approximately 1995

Box 17: folder 1
Fordham University Commencement program
1970

Box 17: folder 1
Edna E. Baker Carnegie memorial mass program
2008

Box 17: folder 1
Washington Post article on Constance Baker Motley's death
2005

Box 17: folder 1
"The Story of Truth"
ca.approximately 1970

Box 17: folder 1
Sandra J. McLaughlin curriculum vitae
1978

Box 17: folder 1
Chester Historical Society Annual Report
2017-2018

Box 17: folder 1
Journal magazine
1988

Box 17: folder 1
Princeton University commencement program
1989

Box 17: folder 1
Credo: a Testament of Faith in the Mission of Fisk University by L.M. Collins


Box 17: folder 1
Thurgood Marshall memorial mass program
1991

Box 17: folder 1
Simpson, Thacher, & Bartlett inter-office memorandum
1978

Box 17: folder 1
Department of Justice Letter to Constance Baker Motley regarding personal data sheet
1965

Box 17: folder 2
Blank personal data sheet questionnaire
1965

Box 17: folder 2
United States Senate letter to Constance Baker Motley regarding personal data sheet
1965

Box 17: folder 2
Typed answers to questionnaire
1965

Box 17: folder 2
Handwritten answers to questionnaire
ca.approximately 1965

Box 17: folder 2
Society of Golden Sons and Daughters of Fisk College certificate
1944

Box 17: folder 2
Gusta Lewis Troup Junior High School Diploma
1936

Box 17: folder 2
Photos
1963-2005

Box 17: folder 3
Passports
1995, 2005

Box 17: folder 3
Newspaper clippings
1956-2005


Clippings from various newspapers
1963-2005

Box 17: folder 10-11
Clippings from Tuscaloosa News
1956

Box 17: folder 12
Miscellaneous clippings
1996

Box 17: folder 13
SUBSERIES II: CORRESPONDENCE
1950-2009


Personal correspondence
1969-2007

Box 17: folder 4
Professional Correspondence
1950-2002

Box 17: folder 4
Postcards
1979, 2002

Box 17: folder 4
Elena Kagan to Joel Motley
2008

Box 17: folder 4
Invitations to Constance Baker Motley symposium
2009

Box 17: folder 4
The Crisis magazine
June-July 1963

Box 17: folder 4
Israeli Women for Ida Nudel newsletter no. 1
1979

Box 17: folder 4
Invitation to White House luncheon with Lady Bird Johnson
1966

Box 17: folder 4
Change newsletter vol. 1 no. 6
1965

Box 17: folder 4
Trends in Housing newsletter vol. 7, no. 5
1963

Box 17: folder 4
SUBSERIES III: PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES
1934-1997


"Desegregation and Education" by Constance Baker Motley in the Mississippi Law Journal
Fall 1988

Box 17: folder 5
M.A.A. Time Schedule
1979

Box 17: folder 5
"My Personal Debt to Thurgood Marshall" by Constance Baker Motley in the Yale Law Journal
October 1991

Box 17: folder 5
Election leaflet for New York State Senate race
1964

Box 17: folder 5
Congressional record of the 89th Congress, second session, vol. 112, no. 145
1966

Box 17: folder 5
Various writings
ca.approximately 1963-1967

Box 17: folder 5
"Design for the American Negro Reference Book Discussion" draft
1963

Box 17: folder 6
New York State Department of Law's Civil Rights Bureau's Annual Report
1964

Box 17: folder 6
"The Concept of Identity in Race Relations: Notes and Queries" by Erik. H. Erikson
1964

Box 17: folder 6
"Culture, Class, and the Behavior of Low Income Families" by Hylan Lewis
1964

Box 17: folder 6
Papers relating to the planning session for the White House Conference "To Fulfill These Rights"
1965

Box 17: folder 7
Draft of final report from White House planning session
1966

Box 17: folder 8
Court case decisions
1934-1964

Box 18: folder 14-22
Handwritten notes
ca.approximately 1963-1967

Box 18: folder 14
"The Legal Status of the Negro" typescript
ca.approximately 1963-1967

Box 18: folder 15
Court case transcripts
1961-1963

Box 18: folder 16, 23-25
NAACP booklet "Racial Inequality in Education"
ca.approximately 1953-1967

Box 18: folder 18
American Missionary Association booklet "If Your Next Neighbors are Negros"
ca.approximately 1953-1967

Box 18: folder 18
NAACP Civil Rights handbook
1953

Box 18: folder 18
"They Represent YOU" pamphlet
1966

Box 18: folder 18
New York City charter
1963

Box 18: folder 19
Commerce Cleaning House booklet "Civil Rights Act of 1964 with explanation"
1964

Box 18: folder 19
United States Commission on Civil Rights report "Voting in Mississippi"
1965

Box 18: folder 20
"The ABCs of the Education Park" pamphlet
ca.approximately 1948-1949

Box 18: folder 22
NAACP 40th anniversary program
1949

Box 18: folder 22
NAACP annual report
1948

Box 18: folder 22
Bound legal opinions of Constance Baker Motley
1977-1997

Box 19
SUBSERIES IV: SPEECHES
1963-1992


Speech given at Constance Baker Motley portrait unveiling, author unknown


Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to New York County Lawyers Annual Bar Dinner
1982

Box 17: folder 9
Joel Motley to International Outlook
1992

Box 17: folder 9
Sisterhood of Temple Israel, no author
1964

Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley at University of North Carolina Chapel Hill


Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to Prince Hall Masons
1964

Box 17: folder 9
"Civil Rights: Significant Recent Legal Developments" by Constance Baker Motley
approximately 1960

Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to Triennial Assembly of the United Church Women
1964

Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to The Women's City Club of New York
1963

Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to the 63rd Convention of the Louisiana Educational Association
1964

Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to Message magazine


Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley, no title


Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to the John A. Andrew Clinical Society
1963

Box 17: folder 9
Constance Baker Motley to The Church of the Epiphany
1963

Box 17: folder 9
Handwritten notes for "Life and Liberty"


Box 17: folder 9
OVERSIZE MATERIALS



Portraits: Twentieth Century Americans of Negro Lineage
ca.approximately 1960-1970

Box 20
Photo of Constance Baker Motley by Lynne Gilbert
ca.approximately 1960-1970

Box 20
Journal of Pictorial Living
April 11, 1965

Box 20
Certificate of admission as attorney and counselor, United States Court of Appeals 6th Circuit to Constance Baker Motley
1955

Box 20
Columbia University Bachelor of Laws diploma
1946

2
Certificate of admission as attorney and counselor, Supreme Court of the United States to Constance Baker Motley
1952

2
New Haven High School diploma
1936

2
Colgate University Doctor of Civil Law degree
1987

2
Courtroom illustration
1963

2
Election poster for Manhattan Borough President race
1964

2

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Abzug, Bella S., 1920- --Correspondence
  • African American women judges--History--Sources
  • African American women lawyers--History--Sources
  • African American women--Political activity--Sources
  • African Americans--Civil rights cases--Sources
  • African Americans--New York (N.Y.)--History--20th century--Sources
  • Astor, Brooke--Correspondence
  • Chisholm, Shirley, 1924- --Correspondence
  • Civil rights movements--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Community development, Urban--New York (N.Y.)--History--20th century--Sources
  • Greenberg, Jack, 1924-
  • Harlem (New York, N.Y.)--History--20th century--Sources
  • Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
  • Kennedy, Florynce, 1916- --Correspondence
  • Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972--Correspondence
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968
  • Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet)
  • Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993
  • McGovern, George S. (George Stanley), 1922- --Correspondence
  • McKissick, Floyd B. (Floyd Baxter), 1922- --Correspondence
  • Meredith, James
  • Motley, Constance Baker
  • Motley, Joel
  • Motley, Joel
  • NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.--History--Sources
  • New York (N.Y.)--Race relations--History--20th century--Sources
  • Race discrimination--Law and legislation--United States--History--Sources
  • Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-
  • School integration--United States--History--Sources
  • Women judges--United States--History--Sources

Genre terms
  • Bills (Legislative records)
  • Brochures
  • Oral histories
  • Pamphlets
  • Speeches
  • clippings
  • correspondence
  • memorabilia
  • photographs
  • press releases
  • scrapbooks


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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