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Carol Leonard Papers, 1966-2008
7 boxes (3 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 206

Abstract:
Midwife. The Carol Leonard Papers document the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, primarily from Leonard's clients expressing gratittude and describing their experiences and feelings following childbirth; photographs; documentation of her travel to Russia in 1990 to help improve maternity care there; records of Leonard's work towards the legalization and regulation of lay midwifery in New Hampshire; general information about the practice and legal status of midwifery in New Hampshire, the U.S. and other countries; materials pertaining to the Midwives Alliance of North America; and Carol Leonard's writings including her book Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection, although researchers must sign the "Access Agreement Form" before viewing them. Certain photographs are closed, and new accessions are closed until processed.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the papers, with the exception of Leonard's book, Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife, to which she has retained rights. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by persons other than Carol Leonard (including Elizabeth Davis, co-author of Women's Wheel of Life: Thirteen Archetypes of Woman at Her Fullest Power) may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note
Governor Hugh Gallen signing  New Hampshire midwifery legislation, with group of women including Carol Leonard looking on, 15 August 1981

Governor Hugh Gallen signing New Hampshire
midwifery legislation, with group of women
including Carol Leonard looking on, 15 August 1981

Carol Leonard was born in Bangor, Maine on June 10, 1950. She received a B.S. in biology from New England College in Henniker, New Hampshire in 1974. She trained as a midwife from 1975 to 1977 with Dr. Francis Brown and has been a practicing midwife since 1978. In 1979 she co-founded the Concord (New Hampshire) Midwifery Service, where she practiced until 1987. In 2000, she founded the Longmeadow Farm Midwifery Service and Birthing Home at her farm in Hopkinton, New Hampshire, one of only two midwife-owned and operated, free-standing birth centers in the state. Leonard was a board member of the New Hampshire Feminist Health Center, where she trained and was a well-woman health care provider, as well. She was the first midwife certified to practice in New Hampshire (1985) and a charter member of the Midwives Alliance of North America (MANA) (1982). Through the years she held numerous positions within MANA and was elected president of the organization in 1986. In 1984 Leonard received the Bronze Medal for Bravery from the Australian government for saving a man's life, and in 1990 she went to the former Soviet Union to study birthing practices. This trip was videotaped and featured on ABC's 20/20 in April 1991. Leonard is on the faculty of Birthwise Midwifery School in Bridgton, Maine, a nationally accredited program. She is the author of Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife (2008), co-author, with Elizabeth Davis, of Women's Wheel of Life: Thirteen Archetypes of Woman at Her Fullest Power (1996), and published a two-part series on menopause titled Women of the Thirteenth Moon: The Baby Boomer's Survival Guide to Menopause.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Carol Leonard Papers consist of 3 linear ft., and date from 1966 to 2008. They offer a glimpse into the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, clippings, articles, photographs, case files, surveys, legal documents, and writings. They document the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, primarily from Leonard's clients expressing gratittude and describing their experiences and feelings following childbirth; clippings and articles about her; documentation of her travel to Russia in 1990 to observe childbirth practices and to help improve maternity care there. There are also records of Leonard's work with the New Hampshire Division of Public Health in formalizing the legalization and regulation of lay midwifery in that state; general information about the practice and legal status of midwifery in New Hampshire, the U.S. and other countries; materials pertaining to Leonard's involvement in several midwifery practices, as well as correspondence and printed materials pertaining to the early years of the Midwives Alliance of North America. Materials pertaining to Carol Leonard's writings include a pre-publication copy of her book Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife. There are also photographs of Leonard, her clients, family and friends.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection, although researchers must sign the "Access Agreement Form" before viewing them. Certain photographs are closed, and new accessions are closed until processed.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the papers, with the exception of Leonard's book, Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife, to which she has retained rights. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by persons other than Carol Leonard (including Elizabeth Davis, co-author of Women's Wheel of Life: Thirteen Archetypes of Woman at Her Fullest Power) may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Carol Leonard Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Carol Leonard began donating her papers to the Sophia Smith Collection in 1991.

Accruals:

This is a continuing collection to which materials will be added from time to time.

Processing Information

Processed by Burd Schlessinger, 2008


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English

Series Descriptions
(1966-2008)
.25 linear ft.

This series contains legal documents, including the contract stating the terms between Leonard and potential clients. It also includes photographs of Leonard alone, and with clients, family and friends; and clippings and articles about her, including documentation of her travel to Russia in 1990 to observe childbirth practices and to help improve maternity care there. Restricted photographs are filed separately.

(1976-92)
.5 linear ft.

The correspondence, primarily from Leonard's clients, includes letters of gratitude and thanks. Numerous letters describe the women's experiences and feelings following childbirth; several also contain discussion of payment for Leonard's services. There is some personal correspondence from friends and colleagues, and a small amount of business correspondence not related to clients.

(1976-92)
1 linear ft.

This series primarily documents Leonard's work with the New Hampshire Division of Public Health in formalizing the legalization and regulation of lay midwifery in that state. There is general information about midwifery as a medical specialty, the practice and legal status of midwifery in other countries, applications for license to practice midwifery in New Hampshire, and documentation of the lay midwifery certification and examination process. The series also includes materials pertaining to Leonard's involvement in several midwifery practices, as well as correspondence and printed materials pertaining to the early years of the Midwives Alliance of North America. Also of interest is documentation of investigations into several cases of infant and maternal mortality (involving midwives other than Carol Leonard).

(1988-2008)
.25 linear ft.

Materials pertaining to Carol Leonard's writings include a pre-publication copy of her book Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife, correspondence pertaining to an early proposal for the book, a diary entry, and a dream recall.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS



Resumes, and internet printouts
1985, 2008, n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
Articles, clippings, travel documents, basal temperature charts, calendars, and business cards

[see also Oversize Materials]

1978-84, n.d.

Box 1: folder 2
Legal documents
1977-78, n.d.

Box 1: folder 3
Financial information: checkbooks, bills, and receipts
1978-85

Box 1: folder 4
Soviet training mission: clippings, correspondence, and articles

[see also Oversize Materials]

1990-91

Box 1: folder 5
Photographs
circa 1966-94, n.d.

Box 1: folder 6-7
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE



General

[see also SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES: Midwives Alliance of North America]




1976-77, n.d.

Box 1: folder 8-10
1978-92, n.d.

Box 2: folder 1-7
Seattle Midwifery School
1983-85

Box 2: folder 8
Third-party
n.d.

Box 2: folder 9
SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES



Midwives Alliance of North America



Correspondence
1983-86, n.d.

Box 3: folder 1-2
Fliers, brochures, notes, mailing list, and printed materials
1984-91, n.d.

Box 3: folder 3
State of New Hampshire Lay Midwifery



Certification and regulation



General information: articles, statistics, forms, and correspondence and memoranda
1978-85, n.d.

Box 3: folder 4-5
Scope of Practice
2003

Box 3: folder 6
Applications to practice
1985

Box 3: folder 7
Written examinations
1985, n.d.

Box 3: folder 8
Advisory Committee



Case histories of infant or maternal mortality
1985-86

Box 4: folder 1-4
Client files
1978-86, n.d.

Box 4: folder 5
Concord Midwifery Service: policies and procedures, fliers, and forms
1983, n.d.

Box 4: folder 6
Longmeadow Farm Midwifery Service and Birthing Home: correspondence, brochure, and internet printout
1999, 2008

Box 4: folder 7
New Hampshire Childbirth Education Association: newsletters
1977

Box 4: folder 8
New Hampshire Midwives Association: proposed regulations and flier
1982, n.d.

Box 4: folder 9
New Hampshire Women's Health Services: pregnancy surveys and names of Board of Directors
n.d.

Box 4: folder 10
Conferences and workshops



Presentations by Carol Leonard



International Confederation of Midwives: "Delivery Over an Intact Perineum": correspondence, forms, articles, and notes

[see also Oversize Materials]

1987

Box 4: folder 11
Other
1984-92, n.d.

Box 4: folder 12
General information about other conferences and workshops
1976-79, n.d.

Box 4: folder 13
Forms, and handouts
n.d.

Box 5: folder 1
Product information
1980, n.d.

Box 5: folder 2
Childbirth and midwifery, general information about: articles and clippings
circa 1974-80s

Box 5: folder 3-5
Spirituality: articles, and fliers
1985-87, n.d.

Box 5: folder 6
Miscellaneous documents
n.d.

Box 5: folder 7
SERIES IV. WRITINGS



Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife


Box 5
Desktop publishing copy, publicity, and internet printouts
1999, 2008

Box 5: folder 8
"Midwife": correspondence, and contract(probably re: early version of Lady's Hands, Lions Heart)
1988

Box 5: folder 9
Diary entry and dream recall
1988, n.d.

Box 5: folder 10
Notes about midwifery
n.d.

Box 5: folder 11
Photographs of women giving birth
1977-80, n.d.

Box 6: folder 1-2
Restrictions on access:

[CLOSED]

OVERSIZE MATERIALS



Calendars, clippings, correspondence, and writings
1977-91, n.d.

Box 7
BOOKS ON SHELF



Carol Leonard, Bad Beaver Tales: Love and Life on a New Sustainable Homestead in Down East Maine, Volume I - Camp Kwitchabitchin
2012



Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Childbirth -- History -- United States --20th century --Sources
  • Leonard, Carol
  • Midwifery -- United States --20th century --Sources
  • Midwives -- New Hampshire -- Biography -- Sources
  • Midwives' Alliance of North America


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