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Adaline Pendleton Satterthwaite Papers, 1917-2005 (Bulk: 1917-2003)
33 boxes (16 linear ft.)
Collection number: 519

Abstract:
Physician; Birth control advocate. The papers include extensive correspondence, diaries, medical records and reports, photographs, writings, and subject files pertaining to Satterthwaite's career as a physican, birth control pioneer, and internationally renowned expert in family planning. The collection is rich in materials documenting Satterthwaite's work in family planning in Puerto Rico, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and China.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to Adaline P. Satterthwaite's unpublished works. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Adaline Pendleton Satterthwaite was born on 6 February 1917 in Berkeley, California to Jessie Larimore and John Lewis Pendleton. She graduated magna cum laude from Pomona College in 1937 with a B.S. in chemistry, and earned her M.D. degree in obstetrics and gynecology in 1942 from the University of California at San Francisco. She met her future husband, William Satterthwaite, also a doctor, in 1944 while working in San Juan, Puerto Rico; the couple had one son, David. In 1947 Satterthwaite and her family traveled to China as medical missionaries where she was involved in Barefoot Doctors, a UNICEF program that trained villagers to administer basic medical care to their communities. She continued her work in China following the death of William Satterthwaite in 1949, returning to the U.S. in 1951. From 1952 to 1967 she again lived in Puerto Rico, working as resident physician at Ryder Memorial Hospital, and it was during this time that she was struck by the plight of women who had more children than they could support. She subsequently became involved in running some of the first clinical trials for oral contraceptives, and her data was instrumental in the FDA decision to approve the Pill in 1960. Satterthwaite also conducted pioneering research developing the intrauterine device (IUD). As she became more expert in the realm of maternal child health and international family planning, Satterthwaite was employed by various organizations, including the Ford Foundation, the Population Council of the Rockefeller Foundation, and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities under whose auspices she lived and worked in Thailand, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Mexico, and Venezuela. In the early 1980s she shifted from full-time work to short-term consulting projects in such countries as Mauritius, the Dominican Republic, Colombia, Peru, and Nepal.

In the late 1980s, upon retiring and relocating to Langhorne, Pennsylvania to be near her son and his family, Satterthwaite became an active volunteer in numerous organizations. She served on the board of directors of the Institute for Development Training, the Medical College of Pennsylvania, Planned Parenthood of Bucks County, the Newtown Friends School, and the Bucks County YWCA. She was also involved with the American Public Health Association, the League of Women Voters of Bucks County, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Meals on Wheels, and the Middletown Society of Friends. She used her fluency in Spanish to translate for patients at local hospitals, and as a tutor for the Latino Leadership Alliance of Bucks County. In 2002 Satterthwaite received the Bucks County Women's History Award for her contributions to the community. Her professional awards included the National Council for International Health Award, the Women's Health Award of the American Medical Women's Association, and the Margaret Sanger Award of Planned Parenthood of Bucks County. Satterthwaite published widely in professional journals throughout her career. She died in 2005.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Adaline Pendleton Satterthwaite Papers consist of 16 linear ft. dating from 1917 to 2003. Types of materials include diaries, photographs, legal and financial documents, reports, case studies, articles, newspaper clippings, charts and statistics, notes, newsletters, printed materials, brochures, pamphlets, and memorabilia.

The bulk of the papers date from the early 1950s through the late 1990s and focus on Satterthwaite's career as an obstetrician/gynecologist and internationally-known expert in maternal child health and family planning. Major topics found in these papers include the development of modern methods of birth control, notably the Pill, the IUD, Depo-Provera, and permanent sterilization for both men and women; infant and maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries, particularly as related to pregnancy, childbirth, and multiple, unplanned pregnancies; the prevention and treatment of diarrhea, especially among children; and population control as a global priority. Satterthwaite concluded early in her career that family planning and maternal and child health were critical to world economic and political stability, and her efforts to address these issues are well-documented throughout the collection.

While Satterthwaite's letters to her husband are intimate and personal, her correspondence to family and friends is intended for a broader audience. It offers rich insight into daily life in foreign countries, including observations about local cultures, as well as the particulars of Satterthwaite's daily life. The correspondence of Satterthwaite's brother, Robert, who lived and worked for many years in Central and South America, is also of interest.

The diaries provide a detailed and intelligent account of Satterthwaite's many years of practice as a doctor, medical advisor, program director, and consultant to various world health organizations. They cover the time period beginning with her appointment as Resident Medical Advisor to the Population Council in Thailand in1966, through completion of her term of employment as Program Adviser to the Bangladesh Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception in 1990. The remaining diaries, dating from mid-1990 to 1994, tend towards brevity and are generally concerned with the more mundane aspects of post-retirement daily life. This series also contains Satterthwaite's published articles, speeches and unpublished essays, as well as sermons by Rev. G. Arthur Canaday.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to Adaline P. Satterthwaite's unpublished works. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Adaline Pendleton Satterthwaite Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass

History of the Collection

The Adaline Pendleton Satterthwaite Papers were donated to the Sophia Smith Collection in 2005 by her son, David Satterthwaite.

Processing Information

Processed by Burd Schlessinger, 2011


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English

Series Descriptions
(1917-2003)
4 linear ft.

This series contains scrapbooks, and photographs of Satterthwaite and her family and friends; newspaper clippings about Satterthwaite and her work; financial information, including documentation of her involvement in several charitable enterprises; and honors and awards. Materials describing the lives of Satterthwaite's sister, Lois Pendleton Todd (also a physician), and her two brothers, Morris and Robert Pendleton, are also included, as are a small amount of genealogical information and materials documenting a return trip to China in 1984.

(1923-2001)
2.25 linear ft.

This series, which spans Satterthwaite's entire professional life, is comprised of letters to and from Satterthwaite and her family and friends. Her own correspondence consists of detailed letters describing her life and work in various foreign countries. Correspondence with her husband, William Satterthwaite, is filed separately, and letters to and from friends and other family members have been combined (unless there is a significant amount to or from a particular individual, as in the case of Randall Shea, a volunteer for Witness for Peace). Many of the holiday cards contain news from overseas from friends involved in missionary and other types of philanthropic work, informing and elaborating on Satterthwaite's own correspondence.

(1958-2000)
2.25 linear ft.

This series consists of diaries and writings by Satterthwaite and others. The diaries are filed chronologically. Those written while she was employed by the Population Council (1966-1974) take the form of daily typed reports that describe in detail her activities. Subsequent handwritten diaries describe her career with other international organizations and her life after retirement (1974 - 1994).

(1958-2000)
4.75 linear ft.

This series consists of three sub-series: Medical missionary work is relatively small and primarily contains printed materials about China. Maternal and child health, and family planning is the largest sub-series and contains much of the raw data generated by Satterthwaite and her colleagues. It is arranged alphabetically by name of organization. Post-retirement work documents Satterthwaite's work as a board member of the Child Health Foundation, the Institute for Development Training (in partnership with Reformed Churches of America), and Planned Parenthood of Buck's County.

(1956-2000)
1.75 linear ft.

This series consists of mixed materials that are filed alphabetically by subject. It illustrates the breadth and depth of Satterthwaite's life-long interest in and commitment to population control, maternal and child health, human rights, and peace and nuclear disarmament.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS



Scrapbooks s
1930s-40

Box 1-2
Clippings
1985-2002

Box 3: folder 1
Resumes
n.d.

Box 3: folder 2
Passports and biographical statements
1947-90, n.d.

Box 3: folder 3
Prayers and inspirational sayings
n.d.

Box 3: folder 4
Education



High school yearbook
1933

Box 3: folder 5
Pomona College 50th reunion
1987

Box 3: folder 6
University of California San Francisco Medical School 50th reunion
1991-93

Box 3: folder 7
Continuing medical education: correspondence and certificates s
1970s-90

Box 3: folder 8
Photographs: Satterthwaite alone, and with family and friends s, n.d.
1917-90

Box 3: folder 9
Medical licensure



United States
1980s-2000s

Box 3: folder 10
Puerto Rico
1985-95

Box 3: folder 11
Legal and financial



Personal documents
1948-2001, n.d.

Box 3: folder 12
Anne M. Pendleton Trust
1982-99

Box 3: folder 13
Harry and Julia Abramson Fund
1994-99

Box 4: folder 1-3
Lois Pendleton Todd Medical Scholarship (Stanford University Medical School)
1982-92

Box 4: folder 4
Assistance to international friends


Box 4
Ahmed, Kabir
1981-82

Box 4: folder 5
D'Costa family
1981-2001

Box 4: folder 6
Haque, Anwaral
1981-2001

Box 4: folder 7
Tabarias, Winston
1991-2001

Box 4: folder 8
Others
1981-98

Box 4: folder 9



Medical College of Pennsylvania
1993

Box 4: folder 10
National Council for International Health
1983

Box 4: folder 11
Pomona College
1987-91

Box 4: folder 12
Other
1967-2003, n.d.

Box 4: folder 13
Plaques
1965-2002

Box 5
Glass
1998, n.d.

Box 6
Family members



Larimore, Adaline Ann (APS grandmother)
circa 1934

Box 7: folder 1
Morris, William: "William Morris and His Family" by Mary Morris Godfrey Embleton
n.d.

Box 7: folder 2
Pendleton, Anne Miltimore: memorial booklet
1981

Box 7: folder 3
Pendleton, Jessie Larimore (APS mother): obituary and correspondence re: last illness and death
1948

Box 7: folder 4
Pendleton, Morris (APS brother): obituaries and condolences

[see also SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE]

1985

Box 7: folder 5
Pendleton, Robert (APS brother): anecdotes

[see also SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE]

1957, n.d.

Box 7: folder 6
Satterthwaite, David (APS son): photographs, and printed materials
1990s, n.d.

Box 7: folder 7
Satterthwaite, William (APS husband): anecdotes
1949, n.d.

Box 7: folder 8
Todd, Lois Pendleton: biographical statement, photographs, book, and clippings re: husband Oliver J. Todd (APS sister)
1931-99, n.d.

Box 7: folder 9-10
Larimore, Morris and Pendleton family: photograph and genealogies

[see also Oversize Materials]

1966, n.d.

Box 7: folder 11
Travel: China



Correspondence and travel documents
1983-84

Box 8: folder 1
Newsletters
1984-86

Box 8: folder 2
1971-86

Box 8: folder 3
Photographs



Friends s
1950s-90

Box 8: folder 4
Negatives s
circa 1960s-90

Box 8: folder 5
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE



Personal



Galley, Esther T.
1980-81

Box 8: folder 6
Pendleton, John L. and Jessie L.
1923-51

Box 8: folder 7
Pendleton, Morris B.
1949-84

Box 9: folder 1
Pendleton, Robert
1945-47

Box 9: folder 2
Satterthwaite, William
1944-45

Box 9: folder 3-12
Shea, Randall (Witness for Peace)


Box 9
1993-96

Box 9: folder 13
1997-2001, n.d.

Box 10: folder 1-2
Family and friends


Box 10
1928-69

Box 10: folder 3-8
1970-2001, n.d.

Box 11: folder 1-8
Holiday cards
1950-93

Box 12: folder 1-3
Congressional representatives
1991-97

Box 12: folder 4



1979-94

Box 12: folder 5-9
1995-2001, n.d.

Box 13: folder 1-2
Mailing lists
n.d.

Box 13: folder 3
SERIES III. WRITINGS



Diaries



Taipei and Thailand
1966

Box 14: folder 1
Pakistan and Thailand
1967

Box 14: folder 2
Pakistan
1968

Box 14: folder 3
New York and Pakistan
1969

Box 14: folder 4
Pakistan
1970-71

Box 14: folder 5-7
Peru and Venezuela
1972

Box 14: folder 8
Venezuela and Bangaldesh
1973

Box 15: folder 1
Dominican Republic and Mexico
Jan - Oct 1974

Box 15: folder 2
Bangladesh


Box 15
Nov - Dec 1974, and 1976-77

Box 15: folder 3-6
1978-83

Box 16: folder 1-5
Life and work in other parts of the world


Box 16
1985

Box 16: folder 6
1986-90

Box 17: folder 1-8
1991-94

Box 18: folder 1-4
Published articles
1959-82

Box 18: folder 5-6
Essays and speeches
1958-2000, n.d.

Box 18: folder 7
Unidentified fragments
n.d.

Box 18: folder 8
Writings by others: sermons by Rev. G Arthur Casaday
1967-68

Box 19: folder 1
SERIES IV. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES



Medical missionary work



Articles, newsletters, and printed materials
1938-82, n.d.

Box 19: folder 2
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions: LuHo Hospital, Tungchow, China

[see also Oversize Materials]



Box 19
Photographs, clippings, and printed materials
1943-59

Box 19: folder 3
Correspondence (in Chinese), circa late
1940s

Box 19: folder 4
Maternal and child health, and family planning



American Public Health Association consultancy: correspondence, financial information, contracts, forms and printed materials

[see also SERIES V. SUBJECT FILES: birth control: oral contraceptives in developing countries]

1981-94

Box 19: folder 5
Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception: Bangladesh


Box 19
Correspondence and travel itinerary
1987-88

Box 19: folder 6
Reports
1981-92

Box 19: folder 7-12
"Procedure Manual for the Surgical Team Providing Tubal Occlusion and Vasectomy,"
1989

Box 19: folder 13
Printed materials
1987-91

Box 19: folder 14
Ford Foundation, Bangladesh: correspondence and reports
1982

Box 19: folder 15


Box 19
Bangladesh: Taylor-Berelson Project: photographs and reports
circa 1974-78

Box 20: folder 1
Pakistan: reports
1967-71

Box 20: folder 2-3
Thailand


Box 20
Reports and photographs
1966-67

Box 20: folder 4-5
Trip to Indonesia: clippings and photographs
1966

Box 20: folder 6
Trip to Iran: photograph and speech
1966

Box 20: folder 7
Venezuela
1971-73

Box 20: folder 8
Puerto Rico, Commonwealth of


Box 20
Articles and clippings
1947-57, n.d.

Box 20: folder 9
Pamphlets and brochures
1953-59, n.d.

Box 21: folder 1
Ryder Memorial Hospital


Box 21
Pamphlets and printed materials
1956-89

Box 21: folder 2
Correspondence
1952-66

Box 21: folder 3
Photographs
circa 1950s-65

Box 21: folder 4
Birth control and other gynecological and obstetrical issues: reports, charts, statistics, and notes

[see also Oversize Materials]

circa 1956-64

Box 21: folder 5-6
Oral contraceptive clinical trials (includes data re: the IUD)


Box 21
Reports by Satterthwaite
1961-63

Box 21: folder 7
Writings by others
1995-98

Box 21: folder 8-9
Farewell tribute
1965

Box 21: folder 10
United Nations Fund for Population Activities





Box 21
Dacca


Box 21
Correspondence
1974-81

Box 22: folder 1
Photographs
1977-81

Box 22: folder 2-3
Performance reviews
1977-79

Box 22: folder 4
Population control and family planning


Box 22
"Five Year Plan,"
1980

Box 22: folder 5
Reports
1980-82

Box 22: folder 6-8
Printed materials
1980-83

Box 22: folder 9
Matlab Project (in partnership with International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research)



Contracts and correspondence
1981-84

Box 22: folder 10
Charts, forms, and notes
1980-82

Box 22: folder 11
"Drug Dosage Book,"
n.d.

Box 22: folder 12
Case studies and reports


Box 22
Health Services Project
1983

Box 22: folder 13
Maternal Mortality Study (by Lyn Singer)
1983-84

Box 23: folder 1
Other
1982-83

Box 23: folder 2
Charts, diagrams, and memorabilia (includes urine sample)
circa 1982

Box 23: folder 3
Abortion, IUD, Depo-Provera: articles and reports
1980-89

Box 23: folder 4
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research


Box 23
Correspondence, memoranda and reports
1980-86

Box 24: folder 1
Conferences and annual reports
1982-89

Box 24: folder 2
Newsletters
1995-2000

Box 24: folder 3
Miscellaneous reports and printed materials
1983-89

Box 24: folder 4
Munshiganj Project: reports
1984

Box 24: folder 5
APS visit to Gafargaon Women's College
14 Apr 1988

Box 24: folder 6
UNFPA (in partnership with Center for Population and Family Health at Columbia University): Nepal



Correspondence
1987-92

Box 24: folder 7
Program description
circa 1980-88

Box 24: folder 8
Financial information
1987-88

Box 24: folder 9
Reports


Box 24
1979

Box 24: folder 10
1982-87, n.d.

Box 25: folder 1-3
Family Planning and Child Study Project: forms
n.d.

Box 25: folder 4
Maps and printed materials [see also Oversize Materials]
1985-87

Box 25: folder 5
Articles
1982-91

Box 25: folder 6
Clippings [see also Oversize Materials]
1985

Box 25: folder 7
Center for Population and Family Health: general information
1989-90

Box 25: folder 8
World Neighbors: Peru



Proposal
1982

Box 25: folder 9
Correspondence
1983-88

Box 25: folder 10
Financial information
1984

Box 25: folder 11
Reports
1984, 1989

Box 25: folder 12
Charts and statistical information


Box 26: folder 1
Notes and forms
circa 1983-84

Box 26: folder 2-3
Articles, clippings, and printed materials
1984-87, n.d.

Box 26: folder 4
Post-retirement



Child Health Foundation

[see also Oversize Materials]

1986-98

Box 26
Board of Trustees files: notes
1986-99

Box 26: folder 5
Annual reports and newsletters
1991-98

Box 26: folder 6
Projects and proposals
1992-98

Box 26: folder 7
Clippings and press releases
1988-95

Box 26: folder 8
Institute for Training and Development


Box 26
Statements of purpose and strategic plans
1989-2000

Box 26: folder 9
General correspondence
1987-93

Box 26: folder 10
Board of Directors files: correspondence and memoranda, agendas, and minutes


Box 26: folder 11
1988-89

Box 26
1990-96

Box 27: folder 1-3
Financial information
1990-98

Box 27: folder 4
Newsletters and printed materials
1992-2000

Box 27: folder 5
Projects and proposals


Box 27
HIV/AIDS
1992-93

Box 27: folder 6
Video productions
1990s

Box 27: folder 7
Women's health
1990-93

Box 27: folder 8
Planned Parenthood of Bucks County (Pennsylvania)


Box 27
General correspondence
1992-94

Box 28: folder 1
Abortion Task Force: agendas, minutes, and financial information
1993-94

Box 28: folder 2
Affiliate Medical Committee: agendas, minutes, and financial information
1992-96

Box 28: folder 3-4
Newsletters and brochures
1992-95

Box 28: folder 5
SERIES V. SUBJECT FILES

[see also Oversize Materials]




Abortion
1991-93

Box 28: folder 6
Adoption
1994-95, n.d.

Box 28: folder 7
Bangladesh
1984-94, n.d.

Box 28: folder 8



General
1964-91

Box 28: folder 9
Oral contraception in developing countries


Box 28
1984

Box 28: folder 10
Charts and statistics
1982-84

Box 28: folder 11
"Effects of Oral Contraceptive Use on Serum Lipids,"
1981-84

Box 28: folder 12
"Tentative Program for 'Expert Meeting on Oral Contraceptive Needs of Developing Countries',"
1978-88

Box 28: folder 13
Other articles, and printed materials
1982-89

Box 29: folder 1
Child health
1982-99, n.d.

Box 29: folder 2
Childbirth
n.d.

Box 29: folder 3
Choice in dying
1996

Box 29: folder 4
Family planning and world population growth

[see also Oversize Materials]

1960-2000, n.d.

Box 29: folder 5-10
HIV/AIDS
1996

Box 29: folder 11
Human rights
1990, n.d.

Box 29: folder 12
India: Padhar Hospital
1992-94

Box 29: folder 13
League of Women Voters of Bucks County (Pennsylvania)



Population Coalition
1966-2000, n.d.

Box 30: folder 1-3
Publications and printed materials
1997

Box 30: folder 4
Medical issues and conditions (general)
1986-92

Box 30: folder 5
Peace and nuclear disarmament



Canberra Commission (Australia)
1997

Box 30: folder 6
Physicians for Social Responsibility and International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
1984-97

Box 30: folder 7
Printed materials
1983-2000, n.d.

Box 30: folder 8-9
Politics
1981-97, n.d.

Box 31: folder 1
Religion



General
1988-93, n.d.

Box 31: folder 2
Langhorne (Pennsylvania) Presbyterian Church
1992-96

Box 31: folder 3-4
Quakers and others
circa 1969-2001

Box 31: folder 5
Teen sex and teen violence

[see also Oversize Materials]

1992-93

Box 31: folder 6
1981-82

Box 31: folder 7
Women's issues and organizations
1969-92, n.d.

Box 31: folder 8
Miscellaneous and unidentified documents
1956-98, n.d.

Box 31: folder 9-10
Oversize Materials



Biographical materials


Box 32
Clippings s
1950s-80

Box 32
Honors and awards
1964, n.d.

Box 32
Subject files



Abortion: NYT article on late term abortion
1993

Box 32
Birth control: magazines
1957-93

Box 32
Family planning and world population growth: clipping
1981

Box 32
Teen sex and teen violence: clippings
1993

Box 32
Thailand: clipping
1982

Box 32
Posters and medical charts
1964-98

Flat file

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Abortion--History--Sources
  • Birth control--Developing countries--History--20th century--Sources
  • China--Social conditions--1949-1976--Sources
  • Contraceptives--Research--Sources
  • Gynecology--United States--History--Sources
  • Human reproduction--Social aspects--History--20th century
  • Missionaries, Medical--Africa--History--Sources
  • Missionaries, Medical--China--20th century
  • Obstetrics--History--Sources
  • Satterthwaite, Adaline Pendleton
  • Sterilization (birth control)--History--Sources
  • Women's health services--History--Sources
  • Women--Bangladesh--Social conditions--Sources
  • Women--Health and hygiene--History--Sources
  • Women--Pakistan--Social conditions--Sources
  • Women--Puerto Rico--Social conditions--Sources


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