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Marie Manning Papers, 1901-2000 (Bulk: 1930-1945)
16 boxes (5.75 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 385

Abstract:
Columnist and novelist. The Manning Papers consist primarily of correspondence and writings. The writings contained in this collection, especially those relating to the Dear Beatrice Fairfax advice column, offer insight into the domestic and marital issues encountered by women. Correspondence includes letters from her friend Olivia Torrence which span a lifetime; letters between Manning and her son during World War II; as well as letters from Eleanor Roosevelt, Earl of Halifax, Harold Ickes, and author Margaret Chase Smith.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to unpublished works of Marie Manning. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Marie Manning was secretive about her age, even with her immediate family, and her exact date of birth is therefore unknown. She was born in Washington, D.C. to Elizabeth (Barrett) and Michael Charles Manning, probably on 22 January 1872. Manning was educated privately at various schools, graduating from Miss Kerr's, a Washington finishing school. Her mother died in childbirth when she was six and her father died when she was eighteen. In the early 1890s she visited relatives in England, where she "learned enough of English life" to write her first novel, Lord Alingham, Bankrupt, published in 1901.

Marie Manning, n.d.

Marie Manning, n.d.

In 1896, Manning met Arthur Brisbane, Editor of the New York World, who invited her to move to New York and join the writing staff at a "space rate" salary of approximately $5 per week. Upon obtaining an exclusive interview with President Grover Cleveland, something he had refused to the "star reporters" of the day, Manning was promoted to permanent staff at a salary of $30 per week. When Brisbane took a job at the New York Evening Journal in 1898, at his invitation Manning did so as well. She worked with two other women in what was known as the "Hen Coop," creating the women's page.

One day in 1898, Brisbane brought to the "Hen Coop" three letters from readers seeking advice about personal problems, because he believed the women were most qualified to reply. In response, Manning suggested a new column, to be devoted exclusively to dispensing personal advice. Manning and Brisbane agreed that a pen name was in order, whereupon Manning suggested Beatrice Fairfax, after Dante's Beatrice and the Manning family's country place in Fairfax County, Virginia. "Dear Beatrice Fairfax" premiered on 20 July 1898 as the nation's first "advice to the lovelorn" column. It was an immediate success, and the Journal's offices were so inundated with letters that the Post Office soon refused to deliver them and the Journal had to retrieve them by its own means. The column was distinguished by frank, commonsense advice and came to be widely imitated nationwide. Despite the "Dear Beatrice Fairfax" column's enormous popularity, not to mention the considerable time, effort and intellectual discipline it took to write it, Manning's job remained low in pay and in status, and she eventually resigned.

In 1905, Manning married Herman Edward Gasch and returned to Washington where she lived for the rest of her life. While devoting most of her time to raising their two sons, Manning and Oliver, she continued to write in her own name, submitting short stories for publication in Harper's Monthly, Collins, Ladies' Home Journal, and Woman's Home Companion. Due to losses suffered in the stock market crash in 1929, Manning asked Arthur Brisbane for a job; he obliged and she again took up writing the "Dear Beatrice Fairfax" column, which by then had been syndicated. She wrote the column until she died on 28 November 1945.

In addition to the novel Lord Alingham, Bankrupt (1902) and short stories for the various magazines, Manning also published three other books: Judith of the Plains (1903), Personal Reply (1943), and Ladies Now and Then (1945).

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Marie Manning Papers consist primarily of correspondence and typescripts. There are also photographs of the family, principally of Manning's son, Oliver Gasch (born 4 May 1906), as well as photographs of women working in industry during World War II. Letters to Manning from her friend Olivia Torrence span a lifetime and provide valuable documentation of a long-term friendship between women. World War II correspondence between Manning and her son, Oliver Gasch, is an excellent example of that genre, the more so because both saved the letters. In addition, there are short missives from Eleanor Roosevelt to Marie Manning, as well as several photographs of the two women together. Others of note in the collection are the Earl of Halifax, Harold Ickes, and Margaret Chase Smith. The writings contained in this collection, especially those relating to the "Dear Beatrice Fairfax" advice column, offer insight into the domestic and marital problems encountered by the women of Manning's time (and in some cases by the men as well). Although the column was originally "advice for the lovelorn," it evolved over time to encompass practical solutions to a wide range of problems encountered by ordinary citizens, particularly with the advent of World War II. Most of the collection dates from the 1920s to 1945, and types of material include correspondence, photographs, and typescripts of writings, as well as Manning's "featherweight" typewriter.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to unpublished works of Marie Manning. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Marie Manning Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

The Marie Manning Papers were donated to the Sophia Smith Collection in 1998 by her son, Oliver Gasch, a United States District Judge. Oliver Gasch's son, Michael Gasch, added to the collection in 2000.

Processing Information

Processed by Burd Schlessinger, 2001.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/emailform.html
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Series Descriptions
(1906-92)
.75 linear feet.

This series contains articles about Marie Manning, and photographs of Manning and her family and friends.

(1904-45)
.75 linear feet.

This series consists primarily of letters between Marie Manning and her son, Oliver Gasch during his World War II military service, and from Olivia Torrence to Marie Manning. Letters to Oliver Gasch from Michael Gasch (1944-45) were written by Marie Manning in Michael Gasch's voice when he was an infant and his father, Oliver Gasch, was overseas during World War II. There is also limited correspondence from Eleanor Roosevelt to Manning. Unless otherwise noted, all letters to Manning were sent to her at home at 1753 P Street NW, Washington, DC. Some correspondence pertaining to the "Dear Beatrice Fairfax" column is filed in SERIES III: WRITINGS because it is relevant to drafts of replies that were later published.

The following nicknames appear in the personal correspondence:

"Benjy" = Marie Manning in family letters

"The Admiral" = Herman Gasch

"Bozo," "Old Reliable," "Major" = Oliver Gasch

"Sylvery" = Sylvia Meier Gasch, Oliver Gasch's wife

"Old Garriffler" = Manning Gasch

"Bobb" or "Ming" = Manning Gasch, Jr.

"Dinky" = Olivia Torrence's nickname for Marie Manning

"Hinky" = Olivia Torrence

(1901-45)
3 linear feet.

This series is extensive and contains typescripts of Manning's manuscripts, both published and unpublished, many of which are annotated. There are also copies of two of her books, Ladies Now and Then and Judith of the Plains. In addition, there are correspondence and contracts pertaining to some of the writings, including Manning's unsuccessful attempt to copyright the pen name "Beatrice Fairfax." Writings known to have been written under the "Beatrice Fairfax" pen name are listed in the subseries Beatrice Fairfax writings; other writings are in the subseries Marie Manning writings. In the Ladies Now and Then subseries, general correspondence is filed alphabetically.

(1929-45)
1 linear foot.

This series consists primarily of material acquired by Manning in researching readers' letters to the "Dear Beatrice Fairfax" column, much of it pertaining to problems that families of American servicemen encountered during World War II.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL
(1906-92)


Articles about Marie Manning: correspondence, published versions, and typescripts
1942-45, 1992, n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
Note:
"Dear Beatrice Fairfax," Family Circle Magazine
26 Jan 1945

Box 1: folder 2
"The Soldiers Told Beatrice Fairfax," PIC Magazine
23 Jun 1932

Box 1
Note:
Photographs



Marie Manning
n.d.

Box 1: folder 3
Marie Manning with family and others
n.d.

Box 1: folder 4
Oliver Gasch as a baby
1906

Box 1: folder 5
Oliver Gasch as a child
n.d.

Box 1: folder 6
Oliver Gasch with others
n.d.

Box 1: folder 7
Michael Gasch
1943

Box 1: folder 8
Marie Manning with Eleanor Roosevelt
n.d.

Box 1: folder 9
Catherine Holloway
n.d.

Box 1: folder 10
Edith Kolb
n.d.

Box 1: folder 11
Malvina Scheider
1934

Box 1: folder 12
Irene Gilles and Olivia Torrence
n.d.

Box 1: folder 13
Miscellaneous and unidentified
n.d.

Box 1: folder 14
Marie Manning with family and others
n.d.

Box 2 [oversize]
Marie Manning with four colleagues at the New York Journal
circa 1898

Box 2
Herman E. Gasch
n.d.

Box 2
Photograph of painting inscribed "To Miss Manning, Jimmy B. Wild"
Apr. 5, 1897

Box 2
Books



Ladies Now and Then


Box 2
Judith of the Plains


Box 2
Magazines



The Saturday Evening Post
10 Apr 1915

Box 2
PIC Magazine
23 Jun 1932

Box 2
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE
(1904-45)


Family



Gasch, Herman E.
1937-45, n.d.

Box 3: folder 1
Gasch, Manning (?)
1932-33, n.d.

Box 3: folder 2
Gasch, Michael
1943

Box 3: folder 3
Gasch, Michael to Oliver Gasch (written by Marie Manning)
1944-45

Box 3: folder 4
Gasch, Oliver
1924-27, 1942-45, n.d.

Box 3: folder 5-8
Gasch, Oliver and Sylvia Meyer Gasch
1943-45, n.d.

Box 3: folder 9-10
Third party



Gasch, Herman



Torrence, Olivia
1925-27

Box 4: folder 1
Miscellaneous
1913, n.d.

Box 4: folder 2
Gasch, Michael to Sherrill Redmon
27 Jun 2000

Box 4: folder 3
Gasch, Oliver



Keech, Richmond
1945

Box 4: folder 4
Lucas, Martha
1945

Box 4: folder 5
Torrence, Olivia
1913, 1938-42

Box 4: folder 6
Miscellaneous
1942-45, n.d.

Box 4: folder 7
Friends and acquaintances



Coolidge, Grace
1925

Box 4: folder 8
Ickes, Harold
1943

Box 4: folder 9
Roosevelt, Eleanor
1935-44

Box 4: folder 10
Torrence, Olivia
1909-45, n.d.

Box 4: folder 11-17
Trewick, Kate
1944-45

Box 4: folder 18
Miscellaneous
1904-59, n.d.

Box 4: folder 19
SERIES III. WRITINGS
(1901-45)


Pamphlet: The Author's Guild of the Author's League of America,"
1945

Box 5: folder 1
Published books



Ladies Now and Then



Contracts
1943-44

Box 5: folder 2
Correspondence with E.P. Dutton and Co.
1943-45

Box 5: folder 3-4
Publicity
1944

Box 5: folder 5
General correspondence, A-Z, and unidentified
1944-45, n.d.

Box 5: folder 6-19
Notes
n.d.

Box 6: folder 1
Typescript, copy 1
n.d.

Box 6: folder 2-9
Typescript, copy 2
n.d.

Box 6: folder 10-17
Lord Alingham, Bankrupt: review, The Bookman
Mar. 1901

Box 6: folder 18
Copies of published books



Ladies Now and Then
1944

Box 7
Problems of Love and Marriage: Advice to the Lovelorn
1931

Box 7
Unpublished books: typescripts



"Beatrice Fairfax Memoirs
n.d.

Box 8: folder 1-7
"Child Story," Chapters
1 and 2, n.d.

Box 8: folder 8-9
"Child Story," Chapters 1 and 2, n.d. (carbon copy)


Box 8: folder 10-11
"Crete"



Chapters
1-13, n.d.

Box 8: folder 12-15
"Supplementary Chapter on Religions"


Box 8: folder 16
Bound copy


Box 8
"The Last Dragon,"



Chapters 1-12, n.d. (copy 1)


Box 9: folder 1-4
Chapters 1-3, n.d. (copy 2)


Box 9: folder 5
Fragments
n.d.

Box 9: folder 6
"Latest Version," 1939 (copy 1)


Box 9: folder 7-14
"Latest Version" (copy 2)
1939

Box 9: folder 15-22
Note:
Beatrice Fairfax writings



Correspondence



Inquiries to and answers from United States Navy and War Departments re: readers' questions
1942-45

Box 10: folder 1-2
Replies to readers' questions
Apr 1943-44, n.d.

Box 10: folder 3
Note:
Legal
1944-45

Box 10: folder 4
Typescripts and related correspondence



"Advice to the Lovelorn" column
1936-38

Box 10: folder 5
"Beatrice Fairfax is Launched
circa 1940

Box 10: folder 6
"Beatrice Fairfax Surveys New Deal Changes
n.d.

Box 10: folder 7
"Beatrice Fairfax Radio Continuity
n.d.

Box 10: folder 8
"Boy Meets Girl" series
1936-37

Box 10: folder 9-12
"Bridget" series
1938

Box 10: folder 13
"Girl and Boss" series
1932-36

Box 10: folder 14
"Girls Men Should Shun" series
1933, n.d.

Box 10: folder 15-16
"Marriage" series
n.d.

Box 10: folder 17
"Petting" series
1938, n.d.

Box 10: folder 18-19
Miscellaneous
n.d.

Box 10: folder 20
Marie Manning writings



"Wounded Yanks Keep Cheerful in Big N.Y. Hospital," Times-Herald
13 Aug 1943

Box 10: folder 21
Typescripts and related correspondence



"And Jove But Laughs" (2 copies)
n.d.

Box 10: folder 22-23
"And So They Were Graduated
n.d.

Box 10: folder 24
"Arlington As a Plantation,"
1927

Box 10: folder 25
"Asbestos Tyler's Suppressed Desires" (2 copies)
1929

Box 11: folder 1-2
"Battle Royal of Sahara and Atlantic Girls
n.d.

Box 11: folder 3
"Black Thursday and Black Bread
n.d.

Box 11: folder 4
"The Case of Lillian Sabine
n.d.

Box 11: folder 5
"Christmas at the White House,"
1934, n.d.

Box 11: folder 6
"Dolly Gann Best of Sports
n.d.

Box 11: folder 7
"Double Exposure
n.d.

Box 11: folder 8
"The Elixir," The Saturday Evening Post
10 Apr 1915

Box 11
Note:
"Evolution of a Lady,"
1940

Box 11: folder 9
"The Fight Reporter Looks Over the Farm Girls, Trying to Get 'The Man's Angle'
n.d.

Box 11: folder 10
"It Happened on Prom Night
n.d.

Box 11: folder 11
"Jewels of Evil Omen: Catherine the Great's Love Token
n.d.

Box 11: folder 12
Lincoln's Birthday Recalls Shop Where He Bought Toys for Tad,"
1944

Box 11: folder 13
"Love Among the Sophomores
n.d.

Box 11: folder 14
"The Maid-of-Honor
n.d.

Box 11: folder 15
"The Man Famine in Official Washington is Over
n.d.

Box 11: folder 16
"Notes for 'Without Obligation' or 'Cat Eat Cat'"


Box 11: folder 17
"Numbered Houses,"
1922

Box 11: folder 18
"On With the Dance
n.d.

Box 11: folder 19
"Our Journey to the Hebrides,"
1905

Box 11: folder 20
"Patience and Sorrow Strove
n.d.

Box 11: folder 21
"The Perpetual Providence," Smith's Magazine
Oct 1915

Box 11: folder 22
"Plantation Days at Arlington With Lee
n.d.

Box 11: folder 23
"The Profiteers' Wife
n.d.

Box 11: folder 24
"The Prophetess Without Honor," n.d (2 copies)


Box 11: folder 25-26
"Prosperity Dawns Below Stairs
n.d.

Box 11: folder 27
"The Ruling Complex
n.d.

Box 11: folder 28
"Sarah Josepha Hale
n.d.

Box 11: folder 29
"The Republic of San Marino
n.d.

Box 11: folder 30
"Some Further Adventures
n.d.

Box 11: folder 31
"The Torch Bearer
1930

Box 11: folder 32
"Which Boy Was the Dauphin?" (3 copies)
1937

Box 11: folder 33-36
Unidentified, "Chapter 1
n.d.

Box 12: folder 1
Unidentified fragments
n.d.

Box 12: folder 2-4
Notebook, "Ancient Lands and Crete
n.d.

Box 12: folder 5
Notebooks and miscellaneous notes
circa 1928, 1939, n.d.

Box 12: folder 6-14
Artwork
n.d.

Box 12: folder 15
Writings by others



Bouve,T.T.: "There Were Giants in Those Days
n.d.

Box 12: folder 16
Gasch, Oliver: "Washington Now and Then
1985

Box 12: folder 17
Ross, Ishbel: "Highland Twilight
n.d.

Box 12: folder 18
Author unknown: "Interview With Marie Manning"
n.d.

Box 12: folder 19
SERIES IV. SUBJECT FILES
(1929-45)


Adoption
1938-45

Box 13: folder 1
Fitness
1934-38, n.d.

Box 13: folder 2
Hull-House Year Book
1929

Box 13: folder 3
Illegitimacy



Correspondence and reports
1939-43, n.d.

Box 13: folder 4
Homes for unwed mothers



Reports
1938-42

Box 13: folder 5
Florence Crittenton Homes
1943-44, n.d.

Box 13: folder 6
Sex education
1919-38, n.d.

Box 13: folder 7
Juvenile delinquency
n.d.

Box 13: folder 8
Publications
1938-39, n.d.

Box 13: folder 9
United States Government: World War II



Acts of Congress
1940-43

Box 13: folder 10
Army
1943-45

Box 13: folder 11
Army nursing
1942-44, n.d.

Box 13: folder 12
Chaplains
1941-45

Box 13: folder 13
Coast Guard
1940-45

Box 13: folder 14
Draft deferment
1942-44

Box 13: folder 15
Frankford Arsenal
1943, n.d.

Box 13: folder 16
Japanese-Americans
1943-44

Box 13: folder 17
Marine Corps Women's Reserve
n.d.

Box 13: folder 18
Marriage and divorce
1944, n.d.

Box 13: folder 19
Maternity care
1943-45

Box 13: folder 20
Merchant Marine
1944-45

Box 13: folder 21
Navy
1940-45, n.d.

Box 13: folder 22
Navy
1940-45, n.d.

Box 14: folder 1
Prisoners of war
1943-45, n.d.

Box 14: folder 2
Savings Bonds
1942-45

Box 14: folder 3
Seabees
1942, n.d.

Box 14: folder 4
Services for soldiers and their families



Day care and foster care
1944, n.d.

Box 14: folder 5
Education
1941-45

Box 14: folder 6
Family allowances: Correspondence and pamphlets
1943-45

Box 14: folder 7-8
Health
1943-44

Box 14: folder 9
Legal advice
1941-43, n.d.

Box 14: folder 10
Life insurance
1941-42

Box 14: folder 11
Mail
1942-45

Box 14: folder 12
Taxation
1943

Box 14: folder 13
Veterans Administration
1941-43

Box 14: folder 14
War Department



Bureau of Public Relations: Press releases
1943-45

Box 14: folder 15
Bureau of Public Relations Women's Interest Section: press releases
1943-44

Box 14: folder 16
Reporting casualties
1943-44, n.d.

Box 14: folder 17
War dogs: photographs and reports
1944

Box 15: folder 1
Women working in war factories: photographs
1943

Box 15: folder 2
Women's Army Corps (WAC)
1944-45, n.d.

Box 15: folder 3
Women's Air Force Service Pilots (WASPS)
1942-44

Box 15: folder 4
WAVES and SPARS
1943, n.d.

Box 15: folder 5
Miscellaneous
1941-43, n.d.

Box 15: folder 6-7
SERIES III. WRITINGS (CONTINUED)



Unpublished books: typescript, "The Town of Glass Houses"



Chapters 1-3
n.d.

Box 16: folder 1
Chapters 4-7
n.d.

Box 16: folder 2
Chapters 8-10
n.d.

Box 16: folder 3
Notes for "The Town of Glass Houses,"
n.d.

Box 16: folder 4
OVERSIZE MATERIALS



Poster: "A Report to the Women of America on our Wounded and the critical need for more Wacs in Army Hospitals"


Flat File:
Poster: "Insignia of Arms and Services of the United States Army"


Flat File:

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Advice columnists--United States--History--Sources
  • Courtship--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Female friendship--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Halifax Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, Earl of, 1881-1959--Correspondence
  • Housewives--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952--Correspondence
  • Manning, Marie, d. 1945
  • Marriage--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962--Correspondence
  • Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897- --Correspondence
  • Women authors, American--20th century--sources
  • Women journalists--United States--History--20th century
  • World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
  • World War, 1939-1945--Women--Photographs


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