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Elmina Rose Lucke Papers, 1897-1987
5 boxes (4.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 192

Abstract:
Professor of social work and social studies, founder and director of the Dehli School of Social Work, consultant for social work education, and YWCA official. The Elmina Lucke papers focus on her work abroad as educator, administrator, and consultant for social work. Materials include correspondence with former students and associates in Egypt, India, and Pakistan; photographs of her travels; speeches; writings, including an unpublished memoir; and a transcript and tapes of an oral history.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to unpublished works of Elmina Lucke. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note
1889Born on December 6 in Carleton, Michigan
1896Attended one-room school in Carleton.
1908Graduated from high school in Toledo, Ohio.
1912-1913Helped establish and taught in Carleton's first high school.
1912Graduated from Oberlin College, Phi Beta Kappa.
1913-1914Studied at the University of Berlin, returning home because of outbreak of war.
1914-1917Taught history at Scott High School in Toledo.
1917-1919
Worked for the U.S. Children's Bureau in Gary, Indiana, directing social services; studied social service at the University of Chicago.
Employed by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics to conduct surveys in Oklahoma and Kansas.
1919-1923Founded and directed the International Institute in Detroit, established by the Y.W.C.A. for recent immigrants.
1923-1926Taught history and served on committee on curriculum reorganization for Toledo high schools.
1926-1927Enrolled in International Law and Relations doctoral program at Columbia University as one of first two women to enter this program; received M.A.
1927-1946Taught social studies at Lincoln School, Teacher's College, Columbia University, and was an associate in research.
1930-1931Traveled around the world studying social science teaching with a grant from the American Historical Association.
1937-1969Served on the National Board of the American Council of Nationalities Service.
1946-1949Founded and directed the Delhi School of Social Work under the auspices of the Y.W.C.A. in India.
1950-1951
Awarded Fulbright Scholarship to Cairo, where she served as consultant in social work training to the Cairo School of Social Work and as advisor to the U.S. Point IV program.
Worked as consultant for the American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service.
1952-1955Appointed chairman of the United Nations Technical Assistance Program to Pakistan advising on social work education.
1955Appointed to Board of Trustees, New Lincoln School.
1956
Received Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Oberlin College.
Appointed to Advisory Board, Adelphi School of Social Work.
1959Appointed as its representative to the United Nations by the International Federation of University Women.
1960Served on Alumni Board of Oberlin College.
1964-1965Served as delegate, Tonga Conference, Pan-Pacific and Southeast Asia Women's Association (PPSEAWA), and U.N. consultant, Australian Council of Women.
1965Appointed as its representative to the United Nations by the PPSEAWA; presented proposals relating to women's issues for the PPSEAWA at the U.N. Conference on Women in Teheran.
1975Member, Virginia Gildersleeve International Fund for University Women, Inc
1981Named, "Citizen of the Day," September 16, in Sarasota, Florida.
1983Received Gwendolyn S. Cherry Award from AAUW Miami Branch for contributions in the field of women's rights.
1985Publication of Unforgettable Memories, A Collection of Letters in India.
1986Nominated for the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame.
1987Died on October 3l in Sarasota, Florida
Scope and Contents of the Collection
Elimina Lucke with Social Work students, n.d.

Elimina Lucke with Social Work students, n.d.

The papers are concentrated in the period after World War II. There are some items, mainly from the 1930s, relating to her family, teaching, and research. With the exception of family letters and photographs, the papers document her professional work and are not personal in nature.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to unpublished works of Elmina Lucke. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Elmina Lucke Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, MA

Additional Formats

Selections from the Elmina Lucke Papers can be viewed in the Web exhibit "An Ever-Widening Circle of Friendship": YWCA Overseas Secretaries from China to Liberia.

History of the Collection

The papers are a gift from Elmina Lucke. The first installment was received in February 1986 and additional materials have been received since then. After Ms. Lucke decided to place her papers in the Sophia Smith Collection, the Schlesinger Library transferred the portion of her memoir that had been on deposit there. Donations of correspondence and photographs have been received from Ross Lucke, Marilyn Brooks, and Marjorie Creelman.

Processing Information

Processed by Dorothy Green. Revised by Susan Boone, 1987.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Series Descriptions



This series consists of two sections, General and Family. Other letters are filed according to subject in other series.

General correspondence is arranged in alphabetical order. A large number of letters from former students in Egypt, India, and Pakistan provide a view of social work in these countries. Other correspondents whose letters are of special interest are Madhav Gore, principal of the Delhi School of Social Work from 1953 to 1962, who has corresponded with Miss Lucke for more than thirty years about the school's development and about social work in India; Talitha Gerlach, employee of the Y.W.C.A. and the China Welfare Institute in Shanghai, who has written to Miss Lucke since the end of World War II; and Ruth Rickover, wife of a U.S. naval officer stationed in China, whose letters describe events at the time of the Japanese invasion of China in 1938.

There are copies of letters by Elmina Lucke to the Gore family and to former students at the end of this section.

Family correspondence consists of letters from Miss Lucke written while traveling abroad. They contain detailed descriptions of places she visited and people she met and are also expressive of her closeness to her family. There are also letters from various family members.




This series consists of ten sections which document Elmina Lucke's long career as an educator, researcher, administrator, and consultant. These materials are concentrated on her work abroad from 1930 to 1968. There is no documentation of her earliest work in high school teaching, for the Children's Bureau, and as founder and director of the International Institute of Detroit, but Miss Lucke recalls some of those experiences in her oral history.

The Investigation of the Social Studies in the Schools section contains papers from a trip Miss Lucke took in l930-3l with a grant from the American Historical Association which had undertaken this investigation in l929. There is correspondence, reports about educational systems in some of the countries she visited, printed materials, and miscellaneous papers. Reminiscences about this trip may be found in Series III.

The Lincoln School section contains a variety of materials about Miss Lucke's twenty-year association with the school. Documents include correspondence, research notes, clippings, publications, a bibliography, and two drafts of social studies curricula for high schools. Letters of her former Lincoln students, including David Rockefeller, are in Series I.

The Delhi School of Social Work section contains correspondence, reports, publications, and a variety of printed materials produced by the school, established under the auspices of the Y.W.C.A. in 1946. There are documents and published accounts about her work as the founder and director of the school. There are papers and correspondence from Miss Lucke's trips to Assam and Burma pertaining to social work education in those countries. There are publications, reports, and correspondence received by Miss Lucke after she left the school.

The Cairo School of Social Work section contains correspondence, notes and texts for three lectures, reports, planning documents, and other papers relating to Miss Lucke's work as a consultant on social work education in Egypt as a Fulbright fellow.

The American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service section consists of two reports relating to Miss Lucke's tenure as director of a committee studying the distribution of voluntary foreign aid in the years from 1946 to 1952.

The United Nations Technical Assistance Program, Pakistan section contains Elmina Lucke's published report about this program, correspondence, research notes and interviews, a report by Julia Henderson, materials relating to the first training course for social workers, and miscellaneous papers and printed materials.

The University of Michigan, Community Development Seminar section contains a report summarizing discussions and class lists for seminars taught by Elmina Lucke during the summers of 1958 and 1962.

The International Federation of University Women and the Pan-Pacific and Southeast Asia Women's Association sections contain reports, correspondence, proceedings, and other papers documenting Elmina Lucke's work as representative of these organizations to the United Nations.

The Other Professional Associations and Activities section consists of correspondence and printed materials from various organizations.




This series consists of separate sections of unpublished and published work. The Unpublished section contains her memoir, "Remembering at Eighty-Eight, Letters I Should have Written." These reminiscences begin with an around-the-world trip in 1930 and describe Miss Lucke's impressions and work abroad through her last trip in 1969. It was published shortly before her death in l987. There are also some texts and notes for speeches in this section. A few writings and speeches are filed in Series II. The Published section contains the book, Unforgettable Memories, published in India in 1985, which is a portion of her memoir. There are also copies of a number of articles written by her.




This series consists of two sections. The Biographical Materials section contains chronologies highlighting Elmina Lucke's career, numerous clippings about her from 1931 to 1987, and documents concerning several honors she received. The Memorabilia section includes mementos from the 1930-31 trip and a book about the trip by her traveling companion.




This series contains photographs of Elmina Lucke, her friends, and family. There are also photographs from her travels, mainly in India and the Far East. Among the oldest items in this collection are copies of pictures from a family album, dating probably from 1897.

Contents List
Series I. CORRESPONDENCE



General



A-Al,
1959-86

Box 1: folder 1
An-Aw,
1949-77, 1986

Box 1: folder 2
Bai-Bau,
1950-77

Box 1: folder 3
Be-Bl,
1950-51, 1974, 1981

Box 1: folder 4
Br,
1950-85

Box 1: folder 5
Ca-Ch,
1931-76

Box 1: folder 6
Cl-Cr,
1957-79

Box 1: folder 7
Creelman, Marjorie B.,
1945, 1974

Box 1: folder 8
D,
1946-76

Box 1: folder 9
E,
1931, 1971

Box 1: folder 10
F,
1963-85

Box 1: folder 11
G,
1949-81

Box 1: folder 12
Gerlach, Talitha,
1947-84

Box 1: folder 13
Gore, Madhav,
1950-78, l986

Box 1: folder 14-17
Gore, Phyllis,
1956-83

Box 1: folder 18
Gore, Vikas and Nirmala,
1965-80

Box 1: folder 19
Gwyer, Maurice,
1950-52

Box 1: folder 20
H,
1925-87

Box 1: folder 21
Harvey, Constance H.,
1930, 1977

Box 1: folder 22
Hyslop, Beatrice,
1955-56, 1972

Box 1: folder 23
I, J,
1924, 1955-85

Box 1: folder 24
Khan, Kaniz S.,
1954-87, n.d.

Box 1: folder 26-27
Khan, Raiana Lia Ali,
1962-85

Box 1: folder 28
Khan, Mustafa Ali,
1956-82

Box 1: folder 29
L,
1949-87, n.d.

Box 1: folder 30
Lincoln School Class of 1938 reunions,
1978-79, n.d.

Box 1: folder 31
Mac-Mayer,
1950-84

Box 1: folder 32
Me,
1949-77

Box 1: folder 33
Mi-Mu,
1949-85

Box 1: folder 34
Moses, Dorothy,
1951-80

Box 1: folder 35
N,
1951-84

Box 1: folder 36
Omer, Salima,
1957, 1982

Box 1: folder 37
Pa,
1929-78

Box 1: folder 38
Pe-Pu,
1934-85

Box 1: folder 39
Q,
1959-72

Box 1: folder 40
R,
1931-86

Box 1: folder 41
Rickover, Ruth and George,
1935-38

Box 1: folder 42
Rockefeller, David,
1932-45

Box 1: folder 43
Sa-Se,
1949-86

Box 1: folder 44
Sh-Si,
1949-79

Box 1: folder 45
Sm,
1966-85

Box 1: folder 46
St-Sw,
1932-77

Box 1: folder 47
Stanford, Peter,
1944-84

Box 1: folder 48
T,
1954-81

Box 1: folder 49
Thorson, Maxine,
1974-85

Box 1: folder 50
Toll, Anna-Ma,
1956-83

Box 1: folder 51
U-V,
1949-86

Box 1: folder 52
Valadian, Margaret,
1972-86

Box 1: folder 53
W,
1933, 1949, 1956-85

Box 1: folder 54
Wiser, Charlotte and Bill,
1956-72

Box 1: folder 55
Youngblood, Eileen,
1955-71

Box 1: folder 56
Zaki, S.M.,
1955

Box 1: folder 57
Lucke, Elmina R. (to various correspondents),
1899, 1959-84, n.d.

Box 1: folder 58-59
Christmas cards,
n.d.

Box 1: folder 60-63
Unidentified,
1931-85, n.d.

Box 1: folder 64-69
Family (from Elmina R. Lucke)



Europe,
19l3, l925-30

Box 1: folder 69a-71
Russia,
1930

Box 1: folder 72
Middle East,
1930

Box 1: folder 73
India,
1931

Box 1: folder 74
Southeast Asia,
1931

Box 1: folder 75-76
China,
1931

Box 1: folder 77
Japan,
1931

Box 1: folder 78-79
Mexico,
1935

Box 1: folder 80
Europe,
1939

Box 1: folder 81
Egypt,
1946

Box 1: folder 82
India, Burma,
1946-47

Box 1: folder 83
Miscellaneous,
1931, 1939, n.d.

Box 1: folder 84
Family (to Elmina R. Lucke)



Brooks,
1954, 1969-75, n.d.

Box 1: folder 85
Nickerson,
1966-71, n.d.

Box 1: folder 86
Others,
1949, 1975-76, n.d.

Box 1: folder 87
Series II. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES



Investigation of the Social Studies in the Schools



All-India Women's Conference, Lahore: printed materials,
1931

Box 2: folder 1
Correspondence and itinerary,
1930

Box 2: folder 2
Educational systems abroad: notes,
1930-31

Box 2: folder 3
"Instruction in History in the Workers' Faculties of the U.S.S.R.": typescript, notes, charts,
1931

Box 2: folder 4
"Java": typescript,
1931

Box 2: folder 5
"Teaching of the Social Sciences. Report on India": typescript and holograph copy,
1931

Box 2: folder 6
Miscellaneous papers and printed materials,
1930, n.d.

Box 2: folder 7
Lincoln School



"Asiatic Studies for Senior High Schools" c
. 1944

Box 2: folder 8
Bibliography for Teachers of Social Studies and Foreign Languages in Senior High Schools,
1934 Jul

Box 2: folder 9
Correspondence and address list,
1934, 1947-49

Box 2: folder 10
Printed matter re: field study,
1938-40

Box 2: folder 11
Research notes,
1940, 1945

Box 2: folder 12
"The World from Senior High School Windows--and Doors",
1940s

Box 2: folder 13
Miscellaneous printed materials,
n.d.

Box 2: folder 14
Delhi School of Social Work



Application and evaluation forms, examinations, and miscellaneous papers,
1947, n.d.

Box 2: folder 15
Articles about the school,
1949, n.d.

Box 2: folder 16
Book lists,
1946, n.d.

Box 2: folder 17
Correspondence



General,
1945-80

Box 2: folder 18-23
Topical



Assam, including itineraries and reports,
1948

Box 2: folder 24
Burma,
1948-50

Box 2: folder 25
Delhi School of Social Work Society,
1976-82

Box 2: folder 26
Letters of introduction,
1946-47, n.d.

Box 2: folder 27
Y.W.C.A. of India (Ivy Khan),
1965-79

Box 2: folder 28
Fund raising sources: annotated lists,
1948

Box 2: folder 29
Moses, Dorothy, "Village Life and Social Work," The Survey,
1952 May

Box 2: folder 30
National Y.W.C.A. of India, Burma, and Ceylon: meeting agenda, list of council members,
1947, n.d.

Box 2: folder 31
Publications: bulletins, annual reports, brochures, pamphlets,
1948-57

Box 2: folder 32
Publicity: printed materials, interview, correspondence, press releases,
1949-51, n.d.

Box 2: folder 33
Reports by Dorothy Moses, Edward Lindeman, and others,
1947-59

Box 2: folder 34
Reports by Elmina R.Lucke,
1947-51

Box 2: folder 35
"Social Service Training Project, India: preparations, interviews in the U.S.": notebook contents,
1946-47

Box 2: folder 36
Syllabi and prospectuses,
1946-62, n.d.

Box 2: folder 37
Miscellaneous notes, printed materials, clipping,
1947-64

Box 2: folder 38
Cairo School of Social Work



Background notes for lectures,
1950-51

Box 2: folder 39
Correspondence,
1950-51

Box 2: folder 40
Form letters from Elmina R. Lucke,
1950-51

Box 2: folder 41
Fulbright award: correspondence, printed materials,
1950

Box 2: folder 42
Reports and planning documents,
1950-51

Box 2: folder 43
Staff questionnaire: form, report, tabulations,
1951

Box 2: folder 44
"Three Lectures on Community Organization": text, correspondence, clipping, press release,
1951

Box 2: folder 45
Printed materials and appointment book,
1950, n.d.

Box 2: folder 46
American Council of Volunteer Agencies for Foreign Service



The Role of Voluntary Agencies in Technical Assistance, and an incomplete report, pages
20-37, 1953, n.d.

Box 3: folder 1
Correspondence and printed materials,
1978-80

Box 3: folder 2
United Nations Technical Assistance Program, Pakistan



"First Training Course for Social Workers": lists of students and teachers,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 3
General correspondence,
1952-79

Box 3: folder 4-6
Henderson, Julia: reports and correspondence,
1953-60

Box 3: folder 7
Lucke, Elmina R.: reports, research notes, and interviews,
1954

Box 3: folder 8-10
Miscellaneous papers and printed materials,
1953-54, n.d.

Box 3: folder 11-12
Pakistan Association of Social Workers: correspondence and printed materials,
1955-62

Box 3: folder 13
Social Welfare Project, United Nations Technical Assistance Programme: published text, correspondence, draft,
1955

Box 3: folder 14
University of Michigan, Community Development Seminar



Class lists, book list,
1958-62

Box 3: folder 15
"Community Development in Newly Developing Countries": report,
1958 Aug

Box 3: folder 16
International Federation of University Women



U.N. Economic and Social Council: reports,
1959-61

Box 3: folder 17-18
Miscellaneous,
1939, 1961,1964

Box 3: folder 19
Pan-Pacific and Southeast Asia Women's Association



Conference agenda proposal and by-laws, c.
1961


Eleventh Conference, Hawaii,
1968

Box 3: folder 20
"Problems Arising from the Growing Population of the World": proceedings,
1968 Aug 12-23

Box 3: folder 21
Reports and correspondence,
1967-69

Box 3: folder 22
General correspondence,
1954, 1961-66

Box 3: folder 23-24
Tenth Conference, Tonga,
1964


Correspondence,
1964, 1968

Box 3: folder 25
Notes of Elmina R. Lucke,
1959-64, n.d.

Box 3: folder 26
Printed materials, clippings,
1962-64, n.d.

Box 3: folder 27
"The Role of Women in Preserving the Cultural Heritage of Mankind": proceedings,
1964 Aug 15-27

Box 3: folder 28
Speech by Elmina R. Lucke,
1964

Box 3: folder 29
U.N. Committee reports



Commission for Social Development,
1968

Box 3: folder 30
Commission on the Status of Women,
1964-65

Box 3: folder 31
UNESCO,
1969-73

Box 3: folder 32
Other Professional Associations and Activities



Scott High School, fiftieth anniversary: printed materials, program,
1962-63

Box 3: folder 33
Virginia Gildersleeve International Fund for University Women: correspondence, membership lists, minutes, brochure,
1975-84

Box 3: folder 34
World Assembly of Youth, Singapore: invitations and programs,
1954

Box 3: folder 35
Miscellaneous correspondence and printed material,
1950-84, n.d.

Box 3: folder 36-39
Series III. WRITINGS AND SPEECHES



Published Writings and Speeches



All-Asian Women's Conference, First Session, Lahore,
1931 Jan 19-25

Box 3: folder 40
"An American Social Worker Abroad" Amerika, no. 51: article in Russian and an English translation,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 41
"A Second School of Social Work for Asia," The Woman's Press,
1949 Jan

Box 3: folder 42
"Author of Indian Liberty," review of The Life of Mahatma Gandhi, The Survey: copy and draft,
1950 Sep

Box 3: folder 43
"Extending Social Services: Women Set New Goals for the New India," Roshni, Journal of the All India Women's Conference,
1948 Dec

Box 3: folder 44
"Have You Seen 'The River,'" Progressive Education,
1939 Mar

Box 3: folder 45
"New Theories in Practice," The New Era,
1930 Apr

Box 3: folder 46
"New Vocational Horizons for our Seniors," The Link,
1941 Feb

Box 3: folder 47
Unforgettable Memories: A Collection of Letters, Delhi,
1985

Box 3: folder 48
"Who Shall be Trained in Social Work," Provincial Conference for Social Work, Madras,
1948 Jul

Box 3: folder 49
Unpublished Writings and Speeches



"An International Institute for Detroit," Convention of International Institutes, Detroit,
1968

Box 3: folder 50
"Memorial for Josephine Stanton",
1981 Nov

Box 3: folder 51
"Remembering at Eighty-Eight, Letters I Should Have Written",
post-1977

Box 3: folder 52-57
Miscellaneous notes for talks,
1941-64, n.d.

Box 3: folder 58-59
Series IV. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS AND MEMORABILIA



Biographical Materials



Oral history conducted by Jacqueline Van Voris: transcript and tapes,
July 11 to 13, 1986

Box 4: folder 0
Biographical data,
1959-87, n.d.

Box 4: folder 1
Lucke family: printed materials,
1952-60, n.d.

Box 4: folder 2
Harbor Light, Plymouth Harbor, Sarasota: newsletter,
1970-82

Box 4: folder 3
Honors



American Association of University Women,
1981-86

Box 4: folder 4
Oberlin College, Doctor of Humane Letters,
1955-56

Box 4: folder 5
Other,
1917-86

Box 4: folder 6
"Bootstraps, Bullets and Brooms," proposed article about Elmina R. Lucke by Tracy Millard: draft, correspondence,
1950-51

Box 4: folder 7
Newspaper clippings about Elmina R. Lucke,
1931-86

Box 4: folder 8-9
Book donations and gifts: correspondence, lists,
1969-83

Box 4: folder 10-13
Memorabilia



German language study, Berlin: notebooks,
1913

Box 4: folder 14
Invitations,
1930-75, n.d.

Box 4: folder 15-17
Mementoes of trip: note, map, printed material, miscellaneous items,
1930-31

Box 4: folder 18-19
Passports,
1925-59

Box 4: folder 20
Gentle on My Mind by Louise Gates Eddy: book and clippings,
1975

Box 4: folder 21
Miscellaneous,
1926-81, n.d.

Box 4: folder 22
Series V. PHOTOGRAPHS



Around-the-world trip,
1930-31

Box 4: folder 23
Elmina R. Lucke,
1912?-1986

Box 4: folder 24
Family,
1897?-1986, n.d.

Box 4: folder 25
Friends,
1920s, 1948-84

Box 4: folder 26
India,
1947-85

Box 4: folder 27
Miscellaneous,
n.d.

Box 4: folder 28
PPSEAWA Seventh Annual Conference,
1968

Box 4: folder 29
University of Michigan,
1958

Box 4: folder 30
Albums



Burma and India,
n.d.

Box 5: folder 1
India,
1946-49

Box 5

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Graduate School of Social Work. University of Dehli--History--Sources
  • India--Social conditions--20th century--Sources
  • Lucke, Elmina Rose
  • Pan-Pacific and Southeast Asia Women's Association--History--Sources
  • Social sciences--Study and teaching (Higher)--United States
  • Social service--Developing countries--History--Sources
  • Social work education--Egypt--History--Sources
  • Social work education--India--History--Sources
  • Social work education--United States--History--Sources
  • Social workers--India--History--Sources
  • Social workers--United States--History--Sources
  • South Asia--Social conditions--20th century--Sources
  • Young Women's Christian Association of the U.S.A.--History
  • Young Women's Christian Associations--India--History


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