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Alice Morgan Wright Papers, 1873-1994
11 boxes (4 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 176

Abstract:
Sculptor, Suffragist, Animal welfare advocate. Papers include biographical material, correspondence, writings, postcards, scrapbooks, artwork and photographs of her work as a sculptor; subject files, and memorabilia. Wright's career as a sculptor and her activism are well-documented; personal material is more fragmentary. Topics include art, women's suffrage, women's rights, women companions, birth control, world peace, and animal welfare. Notable correspondents include Florence E. Allen, Emily Greene Balch, Mary Ellen Chase, Helen Keller, Stella Newsome, Ada Comstock Notestein, Emmeline Pankhurst, Alice Paul, Emmeline Pethink-Lawrence, Adlai S. Stevenson, Elisabeth Telling, Mary E. Woolley, Edith J. Goode (Wright's lifelong partner), and her mother, Emma Morgan Wright.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright ownership of the Alice Morgan Wright papers is unknown. Copyright to materials created by persons other than Wright may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note
Alice Morgan Wright and friend, n.d.

Alice Morgan Wright and friend, n.d.

Alice Morgan Wright, sculptor, suffragist, and animal welfare advocate, the daughter of Henry Romeyn Wright, a prosperous wholesale grocer, and Emma Jane Morgan, was born on October 10, 1881, in Albany, New York. She attended the St. Agnes School in Albany (now the Doane Stuart School) and then graduated from Smith College in 1904.

Wright worked for the Collegiate Equal Suffrage League and began studying sculpture at the Art Student League in New York City. In 1909 the League awarded her both the Gutzon Borglum and the Augustus Saint-Gaudens prizes for her outstanding art work. She went on to study art at the Académie des Beaux-Arts and at the Académie Colarossi in Paris. While in Europe, Wright involved herself in both the British and French suffrage movements. She organized a meeting in Paris at which English suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst spoke in 1910 and arranged for Pankhurst to make an appearance in Albany during her tour of the United States in 1911.

During a suffrage demonstration, Wright was arrested and spent two months in London's Holloway Gaol. During this time she modeled a small bust of Emmeline Pankhurst, her prison-mate, with art supplies she had smuggled into the prison. When she returned to Paris she organized a petition drive demanding the release of jailed British suffragists. By 1913 Wright's art work had won several prizes, and had been exhibited in New York, Paris, and London. After returning home in 1914, she became the recording secretary of the New York State Women's Suffrage Party, and only returned full time to her sculpture after the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.

Wright's lifelong companion was Edith J. Goode, whom she met at Smith, and together they worked tirelessly for peace and justice. Wright's love of animals increasingly drew her to the cause of animal protection, and although she was heralded as one of the leading young American sculptors, art increasingly took a backseat to her reform activities. By 1945 she was devoting all her time to the cause, founding the National Humane Education Association, and working with various other animal protection organizations. Russell Sage College awarded her an honorary degree in 1947. Wright died in Albany at the age of 93, on April 8, 1975.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Alice Morgan Wright Papers include biographical material, correspondence, writings, postcards, scrapbooks, artwork and photographs of her work as a sculptor; subject files, and memorabilia. Wright's career as a sculptor and her activism are well-documented; personal material is more fragmentary. Topics include art, women's suffrage, women's rights, women companions, birth control, world peace, animal welfare, the International Police Force and the United Nations, and Navajo Indians. Her postcards provide a vivid and interesting account of Wright's travels, especially her years as an art student in Paris. Also included are reminiscences of the Pankhursts and of Wright's confinement in Holloway Gaol where she spent two months after her arrest at a suffrage demonstration in England.

Notable correspondents include Florence E. Allen, Emily Greene Balch, Mary Ellen Chase, Helen Keller, Stella Newsome, Ada Comstock Notestein, Emmeline Pankhurst, Alice Paul, Emmeline Pethink-Lawrence, Adlai S. Stevenson, Elisabeth Telling, Mary E. Woolley, Edith J. Goode (Wright's lifelong partner), and her mother, Emma Morgan Wright.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright ownership of the Alice Morgan Wright papers is unknown. Copyright to materials created by persons other than Wright may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

The Papers should be cited as: Alice Morgan Wright Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Most of Alice Morgan Wright's papers were given to the Sophia Smith Collection by her cousin Elinor Wright Fleming (Mrs. Clark M. Fleming) in 1980. Wright herself had sent small increments earlier. Photographs of Smith College, originally passed on to Ruth Sharp from the estate of Alice Morgan Wright, were sent to President Thomas Mendenhall in 1965 by Ruth and Lauriston Sharp. In 1998 Ann Lee O'Connell Anderson '55 and Albert G. Anderson donated a watercolor painting of an unidentified young woman, done by Wright in 1916. Betsy Fahlman donated additional materials pertaining to Wright's artwork in 1998. Dorcas MacClintock gave biographical materials, including Betsy Fahlman's definitive work on Wright's sculpture, in 2003.

Processing Information

Processed by Indus Chadha, 2007.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English
Bibliography

Additional biographical information can be found in Notable American women, 1607-1950; a biographical dictionary. Edward T. James, editor. Janet Wilson James, associate editor. Paul S. Boyer, assistant editor. (Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971- )


Series Descriptions
(1873-1990)


Note: Scope and content:

This series contains articles, clippings, and notes by and about Wright. It also contains her telephone and address books. Materials pertaining to her education at Smith College, such as notebooks, sketchbooks, correspondence and the Ivy Oration by Wright, are also included. Awards and citations, including the honorary degree she received from Russell Sage College in 1947, speeches, memorabilia, and miscellaneous family material are contained in this series. Also present are her obituaries, her will, and the instructions to its executors.

(1909-78)


Correspondence includes letters from Florence E. Allen, Emily Greene Balch, Mary Ellen Chase, Helen Keller, Stella Newsome, Ada Comstock Notestein, Emmeline Pankhurst, Alice Paul, Emmeline Pethink-Lawrence, Adlai S. Stevenson, Elisabeth Telling, and Mary E. Woolley. Postcards provide a vivid and interesting account of Wright's travels, especially her years as an art student in Paris, and include correspondence between Edith J. Goode, Wright's lifelong partner, and her mother, Emma Morgan Wright.

(1903-75)


Wright's scrapbooks contain clippings pertaining to subjects that were of great interest to her. The Whiteface Mountain scrapbook focuses on current affairs. She devoted one scrapbook entirely to art clippings (1903-75, n.d.) and another to theatre programs and pictures (1904, n.d.). This series also includes a scrapbook entitled "For Alice Morgan Wright - A Friend of Pussy-Cats" (n.d.) containing animal pictures and poems that was probably compiled by a friend and gifted to Wright.

(1907-78)


This series contains Wrights artwork and related materials. It also includes the Mary Augusta Jordan medal presented to Wright; two metal plates for the L. Clarke Seelye bas relief done by her; various sketches and drawings - including those done for greeting cards for the National Humane Education Society; and the bookplate done for the Anna Cutler Fund, Smith College Library. The series also contains verse by Wright, clippings and writings about her artwork, exhibit catalogues and materials, and original artwork by others, including works by Shirley Thomson.

(1912-94)


The subject files, like Wright's scrapbooks, contain materials pertaining to subjects that were of interest to her and with which she was actively involved. This series includes materials regarding animal protection; birth control; women's rights; the International Police Force and the United Nations; Navajo Indians; and Suffrage, including memorabilia, such as a knife and a hunger strike medal, of the time Wright spent in confinement in Holloway Gaol after her arrest at a suffrage demonstration in England.

(1893-1970s)


This series contains portraits of Wright; and photographs of her with friends, animals, and her artwork. There are photographs pertaining to Smith College, including photographs of John M. Greene, and of Wright's classmates. The series also contains a sub series devoted entirely to photographs of Wright's artwork - contact prints of her artwork and studio, bas relief (including the one of L. Clarke Seelye), busts, and sculpture. Another sub series contains various negatives.




Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS



Contents


Box 1: folder 1
Articles, clippings, and notes by and about A.M.W



General,
1918-90, n.d.

Box 1: folder 2
"Alice Morgan Wright " by Marla Frances Wagshal, 1978
(1881-1975),

Box 1: folder 3
Telephone and address books (5)


Box 1
Index cards with addresses


Box 1
Education: Smith College



Notebook, correspondence and ivy oration by AMW,
1903-63, n.d.

Box 2: folder 1
"Verses," notebook with notes and sketches,
n.d.

Box 2
"A. Morg. Wright," sketchbook with notes,
n.d.

Box 2
Awards and citations



1948-71, n.d.

Box 2: folder 2
Russell Sage College Honorary Degree,
1947

Box 2: folder 3
Speeches,
1948, n.d.

Box 2: folder 4
Memorabilia,
1908-53, n.d.

Box 2: folder 5
Obituaries,
1967-75

Box 2: folder 6
Will and instructions to executors,
1954-67

Box 2: folder 7
Miscellaneous family material,
1873-1946, n.d.

Box 2: folder 8
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE



Miscellaneous correspondence with and regarding family,
1941, n.d.

Box 3: folder 1
A-Z (includes Florence E. Allen, Mary Ellen Chase, Helen Keller, Stella Newsome, Ada Comstock Notestein, Alice Paul, Adlai S. Stevenson, Elisabeth Telling, Mary E. Woolley),
1910-78, n.d.

Box 3: folder 2
Balch, Emily Greene,
1948, n.d.

Box 3: folder 3
Benoit, Maria
. 1948, n.d.

Box 3: folder 4
Bispham, David,
1917

Box 3: folder 5
Gobinot, B.,
1946, 1969

Box 3: folder 6
Grierson, Margaret S. and Marine Leland (includes letters to Edith Goode),
1947-63, n.d.

Box 3: folder 7
Guilbert, Yvette,
1917, 1920

Box 3: folder 8
Lefaucheux, Marie Helene,
1949-50

Box 3: folder 9
Lutz, Bertha,
1947-52, n.d.

Box 3: folder 10
Mehta, Shrimati Hansa,
1948-53

Box 3: folder 11
Menon (Pandit), Vijaya Lakshmi,
1949-62, n.d.

Box 3: folder 12
Pankhurst, Emmeline,
1911-13

Box 3: folder 13
Pethick-Lawrence, Emmeline,
1912, 1948-52

Box 3: folder 14
Pethick-Lawrence, Frederick,
1948-57

Box 3: folder 15
Shepard, Edith,
1909-13, n.d.

Box 3: folder 16
Undset, Sigrid,
1941

Box 3: folder 17
Whitehouse, Vira B.,
1918-20

Box 3: folder 18
Unidentified,
1912-57, n.d.

Box 3: folder 19
Business,(includes Ruth Benedict)
1910-51

Box 3: folder 20
Postcards



From AMW to the Wright family,
1908-27, n.d.

Box 4: folder 1
From AMW to parents and others,
1909-31, n.d.

Box 4: folder 2
To AMW,
circa 1905-31, n.d.

Box 4: folder 3
Miscellaneous unidentified,
1910-30, n.d.

Box 4: folder 4
SERIES III. SCRAPBOOKS



Whiteface Mountain Amendment (1),
1941

Box 5: folder 1
Whiteface Mountain Amendment (2),
1941

Box 5: folder 2
Art clippings,
1903-75, n.d.

Box 5: folder 3
Theatre programs and pictures,
1904, n.d.

Box 5
"For Alice Morgan Wright - A Friend of Pussy-Cats,"
n.d.

Box 6
SERIES IV. ARTWORK



"Pastorale" bas relief; bronze medal for fifty years of service at the College of the City of New York,; Mary Augusta Jordan medal; 2 metal plates for the L. Clarke Seelye bas relief
1907

Box 7: folder 1
Sketches and drawings


Box 7: folder 2
"Elizabeth Edmond," sketchbook with notes,
n.d.

Box 7
Betsy Fahlman


Box 7: folder 3
Correspondence,
1974-75

Box 7
"Catalogue of works of sculpture contained in the studio of Alice Morgan Wright " 1975
(1881-1975),

Box 7
"Sculpture and Suffrage: The Art and Life of Alice Morgan Wright," catalogue of exhibition at Albany Institute of Art, 1978
1881-1975,

Box 7
Drawings, mostly greeting cards, for National Humane Education Society,
n.d.

Box 7: folder 4
Bookplate done for Anna Cutler Fund, Smith College Library,
n.d.

Box 7
1911-75, n.d.

Box 7: folder 5
Exhibit catalogues and materials,
1915-78, n.d.

Box 7: folder 6
Miscellaneous,
1910-75, n.d.

Box 7: folder 7
Original artwork by others, including works by Shirley Thomson,
1912-39, n.d.

Box 7: folder 8
Verse by Alice Morgan Wright,
n.d.

Box 7: folder 9
SERIES V. SUBJECT FILES



Animal protection



Correspondence,
1952-67, n.d.

Box 8: folder 1
Humane Society of the United States,
1954-79

Box 8: folder 2
Miscellaneous,
1946-66, n.d.

Box 8: folder 3
National Humane Education Society,

[see also Miscellaneous file above]

1949-94, n.d.

Box 8: folder 4
UNESCO and UN,
1950-59, n.d.

Box 8: folder 5
Birth control: correspondence (letters from Margaret Sanger, others at Planned Parenthood, and A. H. Askanasy),
1948-61, n.d.

Box 8: folder 6
Women's rights,
1948-50, n.d.

Box 8: folder 7
International Police Force and UN,
1947

Box 8: folder 8
Navajo Indians, Toadlena, N.M.,
1932-34, n.d.

Box 8: folder 9
Suffrage



Prison in England



Notes, writings, and memorabilia,
1912, n.d.

Box 8: folder 10
Correspondence: letters from, and visiting cards of, French associates,
1912, n.d.

Box 8: folder 11
Mementos: hunger strike medal and knife,
n.d.

Box 8: folder 12
Clippings,
1912-17, n.d.

Box 8: folder 13
Miscellaneous,
1915-16, n.d.

Box 8: folder 14
Parade New York, clippings
Oct 1917:

Box 8: folder 15
United Nations: reports and "Christmas Message" by AMW,
1948, n.d.

Box 8: folder 16
SERIES VI. PHOTOGRAPHS



Alice Morgan Wright,
1893- circa 1970s, n.d.

Box 9: folder 1
AMW and others: art classes, studio, and with animals,
n.d.

Box 9: folder 2
Others: studio, miscellaneous, and unidentified,
n.d.

Box 9: folder 3
AMW and a friend: glass negatives,
n.d.

Box 9: folder 4
Smith College



John M. Greene and others,
n.d.

Box 9: folder 5
Classmates from scrapbook, n.d.
(circa 1902-07)

Box 9: folder 6
Artwork



Contact prints of artwork and studio,
n.d.

Box 10: folder 1
Bas reliefs, (Seelye circa 1914; Doleman circa 1922)
n.d.

Box 10: folder 2
Busts,
n.d.

Box 10: folder 3
Sculpture,
n.d.

Box 10: folder 4-5
Artwork by others,
n.d.

Box 10: folder 6
Negatives



AMW in New York State Suffrage Party booth,
n.d.

Box 11: folder 1
Artwork and studio, n.d.
(circa 1910-13)

Box 11: folder 2-4
Friends and animals,
n.d.

Box 11: folder 5
OVERSIZE MATERIALS (Flat file)



Art folio of original drawings and sketches by Alice Morgan Wright


Box 12
Certificate from the Women's Social and Political Union, signed by Emmeline Pankhurst


Flat file
"Clacton's Welcome to Released Suffragettes": clipping,
4 May 1912

Flat file
Suffrage Parade: clipping,
4 Nov 1917

Flat file
Art show for cause of suffrage: poster from New York Tribune
10 Oct 1915

Flat file

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Animal welfare--History--Sources
  • Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)
  • Art--Study and teaching--History--Sources
  • Europe--Description and travel--Sources
  • Female friendship--History--Sources
  • Humane education--History--Sources
  • New York State Woman Suffrage Party
  • Pankhurst, Emmeline, 1858-1928
  • Paris (France)--Description and travel--Sources
  • Pethick-Lawrence, Emmeline, 1867-
  • Sculptors--United States--Biography--Sources
  • Smith College--Students--History--Sources
  • Suffragists--Great Britain--History--Sources
  • Suffragists--United States--Biography--Sources
  • Whitehouse, Vira Boarman, 1875-
  • Women artists--United States--Biography--Sources
  • Women sculptors--United States--Biography--Sources
  • Women's Party (Great Britain)
  • Women--Suffrage--Great Britain--History--Sources
  • Women--Suffrage--United States--History--Sources
  • Wright, Alice Morgan, 1881-1975


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