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Hudson Family Papers, 1825-1865
1 box (.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 79

Abstract:
Papers relate primarily to physician, abolitionist, and social reformer Erasmus Darwin Hudson. Included are the manuscript and typescript of his journal, "Anti-Slavery Campaign" (1842-43); and his correspondence (1825-65) to and from family and friends includes commentary on anti-slavery and Civil War era events and personalities such as Abigail Kelley Foster, Parker Pillsbury, Wendell Phillips, and Theodore Parker.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright to the works created by Hudson Family members is unknown. Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Erasmus Darwin Hudson, Sr. was born December 15,1806 in Torringford (now part of Torrington), Connecticut, to Daniel and Rhoda Fowler Hudson. He studied medicine with Dr. Remus M. Fowler in New Marlboro, Massachusetts, and continued his studies at Berkshire Medical College (Pittsfield, Massachusetts), a branch of Williams College, where he received his M.D. in 1827. That same year Hudson married Martha Turner, daughter of Deacon Isaac and Martha Humphrey Turner of Marlboro, MA. They had two sons, Erasmus Darwin , Jr. (1843-87) and Daniel Wyatt.

He had a private medical practice in Bloomfield, CT in 1828 to 1833 and worked as a physician and surgeon at the Connecticut State Emigrant Hospital. During that time, he became involved in temperance advocacy, philanthropic work and the Connecticut Anti-Slavery Society, later as the Society's lecturing agent (1838-39) and as the National Anti-Slavery Society's general agent (1839-50). . In 1850 Hudson became a general and orthopedic surgeon in Springfield, Massachusetts, then in New York City through 1880.

During the Civil War Hudson served on the Commission from the Surgeon General of the United States Army for the treatment of wounded soldiers in need of amputation and resection at a number of military hospitals. During this time he invented an orthopedic apparatus for which he received awards. Erasmus Darwin Hudson died of pneumonia on December 31, 1880 in Riverside, Greenwich, Connecticut.

[source: Inventory to Hudson Family Papers, compiled by Laurie B. Gaus, UMASS-Amherst Archives and Manuscripts October 1983]

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Hudson Family Papers relate primarily to physician, abolitionist, and social reformer Erasmus Darwin Hudson, Sr. His correspondence (1825-65) to and from family and friends includes commentary on anti-slavery and Civil War era events and personalities. Notable correspondents or individuals mentioned include abolitionist and women's rights advocate Abigail Kelley Foster, social reformers Parker Pillsbury and Wendell Phillips, and clergyman Theodore Parker. Other items of interest are E.D. Hudson Sr.'s address "Intemperance" (1828), a manuscript and typescript of his journal, "Anti-Slavery Campaign" (1842-43), and E.D. Hudson, Jr's 1864 address, "Conquest Through Self Conquest."


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright to the works created by Hudson Family members is unknown. Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Hudson Family Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

The Hudson Family Papers were given to the Sophia Smith Collection by an unknown donor circa 1963. Additional papers of the Hudson Family are housed at the Department of Special Collections and Archives, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

Processing Information

Further processing done, and finding aid revised, by Annie-Sage Whitehurst, Fraenkel intern, 2009


Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/emailform.html
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/
Language
English

Contents List
SERIES I. CORRESPONDENCE



Contents


Box 1: folder 1
Hudson, Daniel Wyatt



Photograph
n.d.

Box 1: folder 2
To parents and brother
1851, 1852, 1854

Box 1: folder 3
Hudson, Erasmus Darwin, Jr. to parents
n.d.

Box 1: folder 4
Hudson, Erasmus Darwin, Sr.



To Erasmus Darwin, Jr. (son)
1859-64

Box 1: folder 5-6
To Martha Turner Hudson (wife)
1855-59

Box 1: folder 7-8
Hudson, Fowler to parents
1851-58

Box 1: folder 9
Hudson, Martha to E.D. Hudson
1855, n.d.

Box 1: folder 10
Miscellaneous Hudson family correspondence
1843, 1869, n.d.

Box 1: folder 11
Correspondence to E.D. Hudson, Sr.



Bawditch, William
1855

Box 1: folder 12
Church, Jefferson
1855, 1858-64

Box 1: folder 13
Fowler, R.M
1856, 1869, 1870

Box 1: folder 14
Parker, Theodore
n.d.

Box 1: folder 15
Phillips, Wendell
n.d.

Box 1: folder 16
Seymore, Flora n.d


Box 1: folder 17
Wright, Henry C
. 1853, 1855

Box 1: folder 18
Kossuth, Lajos to Benjamin Palmer
1852

Box 1: folder 19
SERIES II. WRITINGS



Hudson, E.D., Sr.



Temperance address and notes
1867

Box 1: folder 20
Journal: partial transcript (two copies)
1842-43

Box 1: folder 21
Original manuscript of journal, "Anti-Slavery Campaign"
1842-43

Box 1: folder 22
Transcripts of letters to and about E.D. Hudson
1825-41, 1848

Box 1: folder 23
Hudson, E.D., Jr.: commencement essay manuscript
July 1864

Box 1: folder 24

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Abolitionists--United States--Biography--Sources
  • American Anti Slavery Society
  • Anti-slavery movements--United States--History--Sources
  • Family--United States--History--19th century--Sources
  • Foster, Abigail Kelley, 1810-1887
  • Hudson family
  • Hudson, Erasmus Darwin, 1806-1880
  • Northampton Association of Education and Industry
  • Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860
  • Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884
  • Pillsbury, Parker, 1809-1898
  • Social reformers--United States--Biography--Sources
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives

Contributors
  • Hudson, Erasmus Darwin, 1806-1880


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