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Florence Guertin Tuttle Papers, 1917-1948
8 boxes (3.5 linear ft.)

Abstract:
The bulk of this collection consists of writings and speeches, research material, and records from Tuttle's involvement in organizations such as the American Association for International Cooperation, the American Union Against Militarism, the Women's Peace Party, and the League of Nations, among others, circa 1910s-1940s. Major themes include peace, internationalism, birth control rights, suffrage, women's clubs, and women writers. Significant correspondents include Virginia Gildersleeve, Florence Lamont, Anna Garlin Spencer, and Portia Willis (Berg) Fitzgerald. There is a small amount of biographical material, photographs, memorabilia, and family correspondence; and Tuttle's unpublished autobiography (1948).

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright ownership of Florence Tuttle's writings is unknown. Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note
Florence and Frank Tuttle in Palm Beach, FL, circa 1909

Florence and Frank Tuttle in
Palm Beach, FL, circa 1909

Florence Guertin Tuttle was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1869 to Lucy Henry, a descendent of Patrick Henry, and Pierre Guertin, a merchant and French-Canadian immigrant. Educated at a small private school, the Nassau Institute, Guertin was an avid reader and a prolific writer of poems and stories. As a young adult, Guertin was involved in one of the first women's clubs, the Avitas Club, where she was exposed to speakers such as Charlotte Perkins Gilman. In her late twenties she married Frank Day Tuttle (Yale class of 1887) and the couple settled in Brooklyn Heights, New York. Their sons, Day and Guertin Tuttle, were born in 1902 and 1904. When the children were small, Tuttle devoted part of her time to many causes including women's suffrage, the Woman's Peace Party and birth control. In 1915 she published The Awakening of Woman: Suggestions from the Psychic Side of Feminism and in 1917 a collection of stories entitled Give My Love to Maria.

Devastated by the horrors of World War I, Tuttle became a strong advocate for internationalism. In this new role she became Chair of the Women's Pro-League Council in 1920 and attended numerous meetings of the Council of the League of Nations in Geneva. There she befriended many important people such as First Lady Edith Bolling Wilson and Carrie Chapman Catt. During this time she also wrote Women and World Federation (1919) as well as numerous articles and leaflets on world cooperation, economic causes of war, and the League of Nations. In 1932 she was selected by Carrie Chapman Catt to be a delegate to the Disarmament Conference in Geneva. Tuttle was in great demand as a speaker about peace and internationalism. She became the Executive Chairman of the Greater New York Branch of the League of Nations Non-Partisan Association in 1924 and published two more books, including Alternatives to War (1931) before her death in 1951.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Florence Guertin Tuttle Papers include writings, speeches, research materials, and organizational records. Documents pertain to Tuttle's involvement in organizations such as the American Association for International Cooperation, the American Union Against Militarism, the Woman's Peace Party, and the League of Nations, among others, from the 1910s to the 1940s. Major themes include peace, internationalism, birth control rights, suffrage, women's clubs, and women writers. There is a small amount of biographical material, photographs, memorabilia, and family correspondence; and Tuttle's unpublished autobiography (1948). Notable correspondents include Virginia Gildersleeve, Florence Lamont, Anna Garlin Spencer, and Portia Willis (Berg) Fitzgerald.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright ownership of Florence Tuttle's writings is unknown. Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Florence Guertin Tuttle Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Frank Day Tuttle donated his mother's papers to the Sophia Smith Collection from 1951-62. Reprocessed by Kelsey Radwilowicz, 2007.

APPENDIX: League of Nations Publications

Pamphlets (box 7, folders 6-7)

  • The Political Activities of the League, No. 83, 1922
  • Austria, What the League Has Done for Austria, No. 136, 1923
  • The Technique of the League of Nations by Roth Williams, No. 144, 1924
  • Annual Report of the Executive Committee to the General Council of the League of Nations Union for the Year Ending 31st December 1923, No. 147, 1924
  • British Business and the League, No. 149, 1924
  • Human Welfare and the League, No. 155, 1924
  • Five Years' Treaties (1919 -23), No. 156, 1924
  • Labour and the League of Nations, including a defense of the International Labour Organisation by The Right Honourable J. Ramsay MacDonald, M.P., No. 157, 1924
  • Lantern Lecture on the League of Nations, No. 159, 1924
  • How the League of Nations Union Spends Its Money, Being a Summary of the Annual Report for 1925, No. 160, 1924
  • An Experiment in a Secondary School, No. 162, n.d.
  • Geneva 1924 (Fifth Assembly of the League of Nations), No. 164, n.d.
  • The Complete Text of the Covenant and the Geneva Protocol, No. 165, 1924
  • The Covenant and the Protocol by Sir Frederick Pollock, 1924
  • Lord Grey of Fallodon on the Geneva Protocol, No. 170, 1925
  • Chemical Warfare, No. 171, 1925
  • The "Labour Covenant" (Part XIII of the Treaty of Versailles), No. 172, Jan 1925
  • League of Nations Union Policy (An Address delivered at a Meeting of the General Council of the League of Nations Union by Professor Gilbert Murray, LL.D., D.Litt., December 19, 1924), No. 173, 1925
  • The Meaning of the Protocol by H. Wilson Harris, No. 175, 1925
  • The Governments of Britain, France, Czechoslovakia and Canada on the Geneva Protocol, No. 177, 1925
  • Geneva 1925 (being an account of the Sixth Assembly of the League of Nations), by H. Wilson Harris
  • International Conciliation, "The Problem of Minorities": articles by Louis Eisenmann, William E. Rappard, H. Wilson Harris, and Raymond Leslie Buell, 1926
  • International Conciliation, "Disarmament and American Foreign Policy": articles by James T. Shotwell, Tasker H. Bliss, David Hunter Miller, and Joseph P. Chamberlain, 1926
  • League of Nations, "America and the Permanent Court of International Justice": Vol. V, No. 5
  • International Conciliation, "The Political Doctrine of Fascism" by Alfredo Rocco, Minister of Justice in the Government of Italy, Oct, 1926
  • World Peace Foundations Pamphlets, "Handbook on the League of Nations (1920-1924)": Vol. VII, No. 3-4, 1924 (2 copies)
  • World Peace Foundations Pamphlets, "Hearings on the Permanent Court of International Justice": Extracts from testimony of Bishop Charles H. Brent, President A. Lawrence Lowell, Hon. George W. Wickersham, and others, Vol. VII, No. 2, 1924
  • Synopsis of the Geneva Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, n.d.
  • Secretary Hughes and The League of Nations by Raymond B. Fosdick, reprinted from the New York Times, 1924
  • The League of Nations, A Survey, (1920-25)
  • The International Labor Organization, Its Ideals and Results by E.J. Phelan, 1925
  • Covenant of the League of Nations with Amendments in Force, 1926
  • Report of Exhibit (held for Leaders of Young People to Suggest Ways and Means of Cultivating and Stimulating Ideas of International Friendship and Good Will), 1925
  • Training in Summer Camps for World Co-operation, Educational Department, 1926
  • Essential Facts in regard to The League of Nations, The World Court and the International Labor Organization, Educational Publications No. 2, 1926
  • Essential Facts in regard to The League of Nations, The World Court and the International Labor Organization, The Educational Committee, 1934
  • World Peace Primer, H.S. Thurber Co., 1925
  • Willful Crimes by the Fakers Viz: The League of Nations (A Writ of Habeas Corpus for the Emperor of Germany, William the Second) by Countess Ida von Claussen, 1924

Articles (box 7, folders 8-11)

  • League of Nations: Report on the League since the Fourteenth Session of the Assembly, Part I, Geneva, 1934
  • High Commission for Refugees (Jewish and Other) Coming from Germany, 1934
  • League of Nations Information Section No. 7118, Geneva, 1934
  • League of Nations Information Section, Geneva, 1934
  • The Fifteenth Ordinary Session of the Assembly, Geneva:President Sandler, September 13th, 1934 at 11 a.m.
  • The Fifteenth Ordinary Session of the Assembly, Geneva:President Sandler, September 14th, 1934 at 10 a.m.
  • Speech delivered by M. Motta, Federal Councilor, First Delegate of the Swiss Confederation, Before the Sixth Committee on the Application of the U.S.S.R. to the League of Nations
  • League of Nations Information Section No. 7062, Sep 17 1934
  • League of Nations: The Fifteenth Ordinary Session of the Assembly, Verbatim Report of the Seventh Meeting Held at the Salle Du Conseil Général, Geneva, on Monday, September 17th, 1934 at 11 a.m. President: M. R.J. Sandler
  • League of Nations: The Fifteenth Ordinary Session of the Assembly, Verbatim Report of the Twelfth Meeting Held at the Salle Du Conseil Général,Geneva on Thursday, September 27th, 1934 at 10 a.m. President: M. R.J. Sandler
  • League of Nations Information Section No. 7112, Geneva, Sep 28 1934
  • Unnamed, Assembly Transcript(?) Reads: "The President: Interpretation: I therefore declare that the admission of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to the League of Nations has been decided by the Assembly with the necessary majority…"
  • Fifteenth Assembly: Opening Speech by the President of the Council of the League of Nations

Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English
Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS



Contents


Box 1: folder 1
Writings about Florence Guertin Tuttle



Manuscripts and drafts


Box 1
Biographical writings and drafts,
n.d.

Box 1: folder 2
"Journey to Geneva": manuscript of observations,
1926

Box 1: folder 3
"I Traveled Hopefully": manuscript and autobiography,
1948

Box 1: folder 4
Articles and clippings about Florence Guertin Tuttle (including travel, League of Nations, Carrie Chapman Catt and Margaret Sanger),
1921-27

Box 1: folder 5-6
Travel diary, engagement book, passport, and will,
1933-34

Box 1: folder 7
Photographs and postcards,
n.d.

Box 1: folder 8
Memorabilia (invitations, programs, miscellaneous items and European trip memorabilia),
circa 1920's-36

Box 1: folder 9-12
Business: banks statements and miscellaneous items,
1917-36

Box 2: folder 1
Bible,
1917

Box 2: folder 2
Miscellaneous pamphlets and clippings, re: world affairs,
1936

Box 2: folder 3
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE



Individuals



Bartlett, Alice,
1936

Box 2: folder 4
Berg, Portia Willis,
1921(?)-22

Box 2: folder 5
Cecil, Robert,
1923

Box 2: folder 6
Guertin, Henri ("Harry"),
1934-35

Box 2: folder 7
Randall, Fay,
1921-22, 1934

Box 2: folder 8
Tuttle, Day, 1921 (?),
1935-36

Box 2: folder 9
Tuttle, Guertin,
1922-36

Box 2: folder 10
Tuttle, Laura Lee,
1935-36

Box 2: folder 11
General



Family (Francis and others),
1921, 1923

Box 2: folder 12
A-D,
1918-36

Box 2: folder 13
E-J,
1920-39

Box 2: folder 14
K-Q,
1920-36

Box 2: folder 15
R-Q,
1918-39

Box 2: folder 16
Telegrams,(European trip)
1922-36

Box 2: folder 17
Correspondence and invitations (mostly
1939)

Box 2: folder 18
Miscellaneous (including League of Nations Non-Partisan Association),
1921-27

Box 2: folder 19
Miscellaneous (including European trip, 1936),
1921-34, 1936

Box 2: folder 20
SERIES III. WRITINGS AND SPEECHES



Writings



Note:
The Awakening of Woman: reviews,
1915

Box 3: folder 1
"Woman and Peace": manuscript,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 2
Women and World Federation



Manuscript (chaps. 1 - 5),
1918

Box 3: folder 3
Manuscript (chaps. 6 - 9),
1919

Box 3: folder 4
Correspondence, royalties, etc
. 1920

Box 3: folder 5
"Women and World Problems": manuscript and notes,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 6
Articles



From magazines and newspapers,
1920-22

Box 3: folder 7
Correspondence


Box 3: folder 8
Speeches: League of Nations, disarmament, war, etc.,
1922-24

Box 3: folder 9
SERIES IV. ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES



American Association for International Cooperation: correspondence,
1921-23

Box 3: folder 10
American Peace Award,
1923-24

Box 3: folder 11
American Union against Militarism: correspondence,
1917

Box 3: folder 12
Berry School: pilgrims,
1934-35

Box 3: folder 13
Birth control: population conference, Geneva,
1927

Box 3: folder 14
Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage: correspondence,
1917-22

Box 3: folder 15
Democratic National Convention: correspondence,
1927

Box 3: folder 16
Foreign Policy Association



Correspondence,
1921-35

Box 3: folder 17
The Bulletin


Box 3: folder 18
Pamphlets


Box 3: folder 19
International Federation of Business and Professional Women,
1935-36

Box 4: folder 1
International peace organizations: pamphlets, correspondence, and miscellaneous items,
1924-39

Box 4: folder 2
League for Political Education: Countess Karolyi and the Earl of Lytton,
1924-35

Box 4: folder 3
League of Nations


Box 4
Note:
National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War,
1926-31

Box 4: folder 4
New York League of Business and Professional Women: tribute dinner,
1935

Box 4: folder 5
New York State League of Women Voters: correspondence,
1923

Box 4: folder 6
Peace organizations and articles,
1923-26

Box 4: folder 7
Unitarian Laymen's League,
1926

Box 4: folder 8
Woman's Peace Party of New York City,
1917


Open letter to President Wilson


Box 4: folder 9
Correspondence


Box 4: folder 10
Women's Trade Union League,
1923-26

Box 4: folder 11
Women's University Club: New York branch,
1925

Box 4: folder 12
World Court,
1922-26

Box 4: folder 13
Miscellaneous organizations,
1936-46

Box 4: folder 14
League of Nations



League of Nations Association,
1936-39

Box 5: folder 1
Correspondence


Box 5: folder 2
Disarmament Conference, Geneva,
1932


Speech by Tuttle, articles, and correspondence


Box 5: folder 3
Scrapbook



Note:
Education committee,
1925

Box 5: folder 4
Geneva Conference,
1934

Box 5: folder 5
General information,
1925-27

Box 5: folder 6
Headway (periodical),
1924-26

Box 5: folder 7
League of NationsHerald,
1924-25

Box 5: folder 8
International Federation: Glasgow Congress,
1936

Box 5: folder 9
Monthly summary,
1920-26

Box 5: folder 10
Pamphlets,
1923-36

Box 5: folder 11
General: reports, minutes, memoranda, and correspondence,
1923-35

Box 5: folder 12
Non-Partisan Association



Memoranda,
1923-27

Box 6: folder 1
History, procedures, etc.,
1923-27

Box 6: folder 2
Correspondence,
1923-26

Box 6: folder 3
Publications,
1923-27

Box 6: folder 4
Reports,
1923-26

Box 6: folder 5
Woman's Pro-League Council,
1921-24


Correspondence


Box 6: folder 6
Correspondence (Tuttle)


Box 6: folder 7
Minutes, procedures, etc.


Box 6: folder 8
Publications


Box 6: folder 9
League of Nations School,
1934-35

Box 6: folder 10
Invitations,
1935, n.d.

Box 7: folder 1
Publications



League of Nations News


Box 7: folder 2
Pamphlets


Box 7: folder 3-7
Note:
Reports


Box 7: folder 8-11
Note:
Disarmament Conference, Geneva: scrapbook,
1932

Box 8
Note:
SERIES V. OVERSIZE MATERIALS



Posters advertising The Awakening of Woman, and Give My Love to Maria, 1917 (2 copies)
circa 1915,

Map case Flat file
Political cartoons (2) "from disarmament conference at Geneva by the famous official cartoonists of the League of Nations, Derso and Kalen" and description,
1932, 1934

Map case Flat file

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Feminists--United States--Biography--Sources
  • Fitzgerald, Portia Willis--Correspondence
  • Gildersleeve, Virginia Crocheron, 1877--Correspondence
  • Lamont, Florence Haskell Corliss, 1873-52--Correspondence
  • League of Nations--History--Sources
  • Peace Movements--History--20th century--Sources
  • Spencer, Anna Garlin, 1851-31--Correspondence
  • Tuttle, Florence Guertin, 1869-1951
  • Woman's Peace Party
  • Women and peace--History--20th century--Sources
  • Women's rights--History--20th century-Sources
  • Women--International cooperation--History--Sources


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