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Peace Collection, 1825-1984
28 boxes; 7 volumes (13.25 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 437

Abstract:
Peace activists. The Peace Collection is comprised largely of published materials documenting the work of women's peace activism from the early nineteenth century to the 1980s. The bulk of the collection dates from 1925 to 1977 and focuses on U.S. and international peace organizations, and individual women leaders in peace movements. Types of material include organizational records, newspaper clippings, articles, periodicals, pamphlets, flyers, biographical articles, writings, correspondence, newsletters, conference materials, minutes, reports, manuals, books, photographs, and videotapes. A substantial portion of the collection documents the activities of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) and individual members, circa 1919-1977. Other organizations represented include the National Congress of Women, Women's Christian Temperance Union, Another Mother for Peace, National Committee for the Cause and Cure of War, Order of the Unicorn, Women's Peace Party, World Gathering of Women for Disarmament, American League Against War and Fascism, American Peace Society, and the World Movement for World Federal Government. There are small amounts of material on individual peace activists such as Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, Marie Curie, Lucia Ames Mead, and Maude Miner Hadden (Smith class 1901), among others. Photographs, printed material and a videotape document the "Women's Pentagon Action," November 1980. The collection also includes published works on women and peace.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection, but researchers must sign an Access Agreement Form, agreeing to not identify participants in Women's Pentagon Action records.

Restrictions on use:

Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Scope and Contents of the Collection
Flyer by the Student Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, n.d.

Flyer by the Student Mobilization Committee
to End the War in Vietnam, n.d.

The Peace Collection is comprised largely of published materials documenting the work of women's peace activism from the early nineteenth century to the 1980s. The bulk of the collection dates from 1925 to 1977 and focuses on U.S. and international peace organizations, and individual women leaders in peace movements. Types of material include organizational records, newspaper clippings, articles, periodicals, pamphlets, flyers, biographical articles, writings, correspondence, newsletters, conference materials, minutes, reports, manuals, books, photographs, and videotapes. A substantial portion of the collection documents the activities of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) and individual members, circa 1919-1977. Other organizations represented include the National Congress of Women, Women's Christian Temperance Union, Another Mother for Peace, National Committee for the Cause and Cure of War, Order of the Unicorn, Women's Peace Party, World Gathering of Women for Disarmament, American League Against War and Fascism, American Peace Society, and the World Movement for World Federal Government. There are small amounts of material on individual peace activists such as Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, Marie Curie, Lucia Ames Mead, and Maude Miner Hadden (Smith class 1901), among others. Photographs, printed material and a videotape document the "Women's Pentagon Action," November 1980. The collection also includes published works on women and peace.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection, but researchers must sign an Access Agreement Form, agreeing to not identify participants in Women's Pentagon Action records.

Restrictions on use:

Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Peace Collection, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass

History of the Collection

Materials in this subject collection were either purchased or given to the Sophia Smith Collection by various donors. Included are duplicates of material from the Swarthmore Peace Collection. Periodic additions to the collection are expected.

Accruals:

Periodic additions to collection are expected and may not be reflected in this record.

Processing Information

Finding aid revised by Jessica Lawson and Laura Cutter (interns), 2005.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.

Contents List
SERIES I. GENERAL



Clippings and articles,
1920-84, n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
"All Pink Sisters: The War Department and the Feminist Movement," paper by Joan Jenson,
1978

Box 1: folder 2
Anti-pacifist,
n.d.

Box 1: folder 3
The Owlet,
December 6-20, 1921

Box 1: folder 4
Peace flag,
1897-98

Box 1: folder 5
Pamphlets,
1835, 1888-1977, n.d.

Box 1: folder 6
Peacemaker,
January and March, 1951

Box 1: folder 7
"Propaganda,"
1939, n.d.

Box 1: folder 8
World government,
1932-48, n.d.

Box 1: folder 9
Conference of Women for International Cooperation Year,
1960, 1962

Box 1: folder 10
Women, Earth, Feminist Peace Conference,
n.d.

Box 1: folder 11
Women's peace activities against the Vietnam War



Articles and pamphlets,
1972-73, n.d.

Box 1A: folder 1
Flyers, notices, posters and writings,
1967-71, n.d.

Box 1A: folder 2
Canada Conference,
April 9-12, 1971

Box 1A: folder 3
SERIES II. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS



Collected biographies and bibliographies (incl. Women Peace-makers, by H. Spaull, and "Women and Peace"),
1924-83

Box 1a: folder 4
Balch, Emily Greene,
1917-65, n.d.

Box 2: folder 1
Hughan, Jessie,
1940

Box 2: folder 2
Mead, Lucia Ames,
1905-35, n.d.

Box 2: folder 3-6
Peace Pilgrim (3 video tapes),
1977

Box 2: folder 7-8
Roelofs, Henrietta,
1942

Box 2: folder 9
Sutro, Florentine Scholle,
1939, n.d.

Box 2: folder 10
Suttner, Bertha von (Tuttle, Florence Guertin),
1918, 1927

Box 2: folder 11
Wentworth, Lydia G.,
1924, 1945, n.d.

Box 2: folder 12
Wynner, Edith,
1944-46, n.d.

Box 2: folder 13
Caldicott, Helen,
1978-80, n.d.

Box 2: folder 14
SERIES III. ORGANIZATIONS



American League Against War and Fascism,
1935

Box 3: folder 1
American Peace Society (Boston),
n.d.

Box 3: folder 2
Another Mother for Peace

[see box 4]



Box 3
Appeal of Women to the World's Statesmen,
1930

Box 3: folder 3
Citizens for Participation in Political Action,
1974

Box 3: folder 4
Coalition for a Non-Nuclear World,
1980, n.d.

Box 3: folder 4a
Committee for World Development and World Disarmament,
1954, n.d.

Box 3: folder 5
Crusade for World Government,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 6
Disarmament Committee of the Women's International Organizations,
1921-40, n.d.

Box 3: folder 7
Entente Mondiale Pour la Paix,
1947, n.d.

Box 3: folder 8
Fellowship of Reconciliation,
1938, 1953

Box 3: folder 9
The Fund for Peace,
1970

Box 3: folder 10
Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp,
1984, 1989

Box 3: folder 10a
International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace,
1918

Box 3: folder 11
League for Permanent Peace,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 12
League of Nations,
1920-38, n.d.

Box 3: folder 13
National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War

[see box 5 and books on shelf]



Box 3
National Council for Reduction of Armaments,
1922, n.d.

Box 3: folder 14
National Council for the Prevention of War,
1928-70, n.d.

Box 3: folder 15
Order of the Unicorn,
1963-69, n.d.

Box 3: folder 16
Peace through Knowledge,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 17
Voice of Women: New England: Peace Boutique,
1970, n.d.

Box 3: folder 18
Women Strike for Peace

[see box 6]



Box 3
Women's Action Committee for Lasting Peace,
1944-50, n.d.

Box 3: folder 19
Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription

[see box 7]



Box 3
Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice

[see box 7]



Box 3
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

[see boxes 8-24]



Box 3
Women's Party for Survival,
1981, n.d.

Box 3: folder 20
W.C.T.U.: Peace Department,
1916-17, n.d.

Box 3: folder 21
Women's Peace Crusade,
1919-30, n.d.

Box 3: folder 22
Women's Peace Party,

[see books on shelf]

1915-19, n.d.

Box 3: folder 23
Women's Peace Union of the Western Hemisphere,
1920-21, n.d.

Box 3: folder 24
Women's Pentagon Action

[see box 7 and new accession at end of collection]



Box 3
World Fellowship, Inc.,
1952, n.d.

Box 3: folder 25
World Gathering of Women for Disarmament,
1962

Box 3: folder 26
World Movement for World Federal Government,
1947, n.d.

Box 3: folder 27
World Union of Women for International Concord,
1928

Box 3: folder 28
Miscellaneous,
1937-39, 1967-86, n.d.

Box 3: folder 29
Another Mother for Peace



Brochures, cards, pamphlets, reprints and miscellaneous,
1962-76, n.d.

Box 4: folder 1
Newsletters,
Aug 1967-85

Box 4: folder 2
Bess Myerson: speech and film,
1970

Box 4: folder 3
National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War



Conference reports,

[see also books on shelf]

1925-33

Box 5
Conference programs,
1937-40

Box 5: folder 1
Organization, projects, seminars, etc.,
1934-59, n.d.

Box 5: folder 2
Round table discussions, study outlines,
1938, 1940, 1941(?)

Box 5: folder 3
Women Strike for Peace



Memo,
1964-73, n.d.

Box 6: folder 1
Mailings, flyers, calendars, minutes, etc
. 1962-75, n.d.

Box 6: folder 2
Newsletter,
1963-75

Box 6: folder 3
Song, recording,
1965, n.d.

Box 6: folder 4
Women's Committee to Oppose Conscription



Statement of purpose,
n.d.

Box 7: folder 1
Letters to members,
1943-47, n.d.

Box 7: folder 2-3
Minutes,
1943-46

Box 7: folder 4
Pamphlets,
1943, 1951, n.d.

Box 7: folder 5
Speech by Mildred Scott Olmsted,
1944, n.d.

Box 7: folder 6
Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice (newsletter),
1983, n.d.

Box 7: folder 7
Women's Pentagon Action,

[see also Oversize materials and new accessions at end of collection]

1980, n.d.

Box 7: folder 8-9
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom



General


Box 7
Clippings,
1915-75, n.d.

Box 8: folder 1
Constitution: International,
1934, 1953

Box 8: folder 2
1929(?), 1938, 1940(?)

Box 8: folder 3
Anniversaries,
1950, 1955

Box 8: folder 4
Fiftieth Anniversary,
1965

Box 8: folder 5
National Peace Conference,
1937(?)

Box 8: folder 6
Photographs,
1935, 1965, n.d.

Box 8: folder 7
Eugenie S. Intemann


Box 8
Clippings,
1938-55, n.d.

Box 9: folder 1
Correspondence


Box 9
General (A-Z),
1933-75, n.d.

Box 9: folder 2
Arnett, Katharine,
1952-69

Box 9: folder 3
Baer, Gertrude,
1940-69, n.d.

Box 9: folder 4
Balch, Emily Greene,
1942-46, n.d.

Box 9: folder 5
Blake, Katherine Devereaux,
1935-50, n.d.

Box 9: folder 6
Detzer, Dorothy,
n.d.

Box 9: folder 7
Gage-Colby, Ruth,
1971-72

Box 9: folder 8
Hull, Hannah Clothier,
1943

Box 9: folder 9
Olmstead, Mildred Scott,
1937-83, n.d.

Box 9: folder 10
Organizations


Box 9
General,
1932-72, n.d.

Box 9: folder 11
WILPF,
1935-75, n.d.

Box 9: folder 12
Miscellaneous personal,
1933-70, 1971(?), 1973, n.d.

Box 9: folder 13
Copies of letters from Intemann,
1934-76, n.d.

Box 9: folder 14
Financial,
1932-74, n.d.

Box 9: folder 15
Notes,
1940-67, n.d.

Box 9: folder 16
Notes (United Nations),
1966-70, n.d.

Box 9: folder 17
1918-65, n.d.

Box 9: folder 18
Other organizations,
1940-67

Box 9: folder 19
International


Box 9
International Conference for Permanent Peace: General and clippings,
1919

Box 10: folder 1-2
International Conference of Women on a New Peace,
1922

Box 10: folder 3
Conference: Chemical Warfare,
1929

Box 10: folder 4
Conference: Problem of Statelessness,
1930

Box 10: folder 5
International Congress of Women


Box 10
General,
1915

Box 10: folder 6
Third International Congress,
1921

Box 10: folder 7
Fourth International Congress,
1924

Box 10: folder 8-9
Fifth International Congress,
1926

Box 10: folder 10
Sixth International Congress,
1934

Box 10: folder 11
Ninth International Congress,
1937

Box 10: folder 12
Tenth International Congress,
1946

Box 10: folder 13
Correspondence,
1937-70, n.d.

Box 10: folder 14
International Headquarters Advisory Council,
1940

Box 10: folder 15
Executive Committee,
1927-71, n.d.

Box 10: folder 16
British Section,
1922-35, n.d.

Box 10: folder 17
French Section,
1923-30, n.d.

Box 10: folder 18
Netherlands Section,
1938-39

Box 10: folder 19
Swedish Section,
1924-46

Box 10: folder 20
Inter-American Congress of Women,
1947

Box 10: folder 21
Congresses


Box 10
12th International Congress,
1953

Box 11: folder 1
13th International Congress,
1956

Box 11
14th International Congress,
1959

Box 11: folder 2
15th International Congress,
1962

Box 11: folder 3
50th Anniversary Congress,
1965

Box 11: folder 4
17th International Congress,
1968

Box 11: folder 5
18th International Congress,
1971

Box 11: folder 6
19th International Congress,
1974

Box 11: folder 7
Circular letters,
1938-72

Box 12: folder 1-6
International News,
1947-51

Box 12: folder 7
United States Section


Box 12
History and constitution,
1938, n.d.

Box 13: folder 1
Organization,
1954-56, n.d.

Box 13: folder 2
National Board,
1932-73, n.d.

Box 13: folder 3
National President,
1942-68, n.d.

Box 13: folder 4
Executive Director,
1965

Box 13: folder 5
Executive Secretary,
1940-45, n.d.

Box 13: folder 6
Administrative Secretary,
1948-66

Box 13: folder 7
Organization Secretary,
1941, 1945, n.d.

Box 13: folder 8
Handbooks,
1938-65, n.d.

Box 13: folder 9
Manuals,
1937-68, n.d.

Box 13: folder 10
Branch letters,
1929-1970

Box 14: folder 1-4
Organization letters,
1938-49

Box 14: folder 5-6
Washington Newsletter,
1940-69

Box 14: folder 7-9
Annual meeting reports,
1935-59

Box 15: folder 1-15
Annual meeting reports,
1960-69

Box 16: folder 1-8
Annual meeting notices,
1970-71

Box 16: folder 9
Biennial meetings,
1973, 1977

Box 16: folder 10
Committees



Art for World Friendship,
1954-66, n.d.

Box 17: folder 1
Committee on Branches,
1964-69, n.d.

Box 17: folder 2
Childhood Education,
1957-66, n.d.

Box 17: folder 3
Civil Liberties,
1943-66

Box 17: folder 4
Civil Rights,
1958-66

Box 17: folder 5
Conscientious Objection,
1943-48, n.d.

Box 17: folder 6
National Executive Committee,
1938-66, n.d.

Box 17: folder 7
Finance and Membership Committee,
1939-73, n.d.

Box 17: folder 8
Human Rights,
1955-65

Box 17: folder 9
National Labor Committee,
1944, n.d.

Box 17: folder 10
Labor Contracts Committee,
1965-66

Box 17: folder 11
Latin American Affairs,
1955, 1966

Box 17: folder 12
Legislative Committee,
1946-70, n.d.

Box 17: folder 13
Literature
1938-69, n.d.

Box 17: folder 14
Membership,
1939-69, n.d.

Box 17: folder 15
Nominating,
1943-66, n.d.

Box 17: folder 16
Policy,
1947-67, n.d.

Box 18: folder 1
Program/Action,
1933-73, n.d.

Box 18: folder 2
Public Relations,
1950-59, n.d.

Box 18: folder 3
Publicity,
1956-67, n.d.

Box 18: folder 4
Race Relations,
1946

Box 18: folder 5
National Refugee,
1940-44, n.d.

Box 18: folder 6
Religious Contacts,
1942-68, n.d.

Box 18: folder 7
Resolutions,
1957, 1959

Box 18: folder 8
Scientific Contacts,
1964-66

Box 18: folder 9
UN,
1948-70, n.d.

Box 18: folder 10
Work for International,
1947(?), 1955-66

Box 18: folder 11
World Development and World Disarmament,
1953-63

Box 18: folder 12
World Government and Disarmament,
1949

Box 18: folder 13
Miscellaneous,
1941-64, n.d.

Box 18: folder 14
Correspondence,
1930-74, n.d.

Box 19: folder 1-6
Publications and printed materials

[see also Flat File]



Box 19
Lists


Box 20: folder 1
1920-1969

Box 20: folder 2-6
+
1970

Box 20: folder 7
undated


Box 20: folder 8
State and regional branches and conferences


Box 20
California,
1938-65

Box 21: folder 1
Colorado,(?), 1969
1939

Box 21: folder 2
Illinois,
1944

Box 21: folder 3
Massachusetts,

[see also box 22A]

1944-64

Box 21: folder 4
Michigan,
1939-68

Box 21: folder 5
Minnesota,
1938, n.d.

Box 21: folder 6
New Jersey,
1938-64

Box 21: folder 7
New York,
1930-67, n.d.

Box 21: folder 8-10
New York branches,

[see also box 22]

1937-64, n.d.

Box 21: folder 11
Pennsylvania,
1940-54, n.d.

Box 21: folder 12
Washington,
1972

Box 21: folder 13
New York Regional Conference,
1967

Box 21: folder 14
Northeast Regional Conference,
1970-74, n.d.

Box 21: folder 15
Southern Regional Conference,
1966

Box 21: folder 16
Manhattan branch



General,
1930-49

Box 22: folder 1
Minute book for the board,
1936-40

Box 22: folder 2
Metropolitan branch



General,
1950-75, n.d.

Box 22: folder 3-7
Metropolitan Branch News Bulletin,
1957-71

Box 22a: folder 1
Northampton (Mass.) branch,
1959-70, n.d.

Box 22a: folder 2-3
Jane Addams



General,
1944-69, n.d.

Box 23: folder 1
Jane Addams Centennial,
1955-61, n.d.

Box 23: folder 2
Jane Addams Children's Book Award,
1964-67

Box 23: folder 3
Jane Addams International Peace Fund,
1942-54

Box 23: folder 4
Jane Addams Peace Association,
1964-75

Box 23: folder 5
Jane Addams Peace Center,
1940, n.d.

Box 23: folder 6
Jane Addams Peace School,
1939-40

Box 23: folder 7
Miscellaneous,
1930-75, n.d.

Box 24: folder 1-6
Women's Pentagon Action


Box 24
Restrictions on access:

[Restricted until 2022: may not identify WPA participants without their permission- researchers must sign Access Agreement Form before viewing these records]

Photographs and posters (oversize box)

[see also Flat File]



Box 25
First Action, November 16th and I7th, 1980: Minutes, agendas, publicity, reports, and photocopies of photographs


Box 26
Second Action, November 16th and 17th, 1981: Proposals, minutes, publicity, reports, and songs


Box 26
Unity statements, flyers and other printed material, and mailing and contact lists


Box 26
Prison and civil disobedience: Lists, prison records, printed material, correspondence, statements, poems, and notes


Box 26
New York City Women's Pentagon Action: Flyers, mailings, articles, correspondence, and materials related to their involvement with Seneca Women's Peace Encampment


Box 26
"Not in our Name" action, New York City, November 18th and 19th, 1984: Minutes, reports, publicity, and responses to mailing


Box 26
Print media coverage of the first and second actions


Box 26
"Women Against the Pentagon," Nov 16-17, 1980: a documentary by Kate Donnelly (20 minute videotape)


Box 26
Buttons


Box 26
OVERSIZE MATERIALS



WILPF


Flat File
Posters: "The Bridge of Peace" and "Without disarmament... who will have grandchildren?"
n.d.

Flat File
Canvas banner,
n.d.

Flat File
Intemann, Eugenie: photograph of New York Normal School graduating class and photograph of Association Camp,
1909, 1963

Flat File
Women's Pentagon Action: posters,

[see also box 25]

1981, n.d.

Flat File
BOOKS ON SHELF



Balch, Emily Greene. Approaches to the Great Settlement,
1918


Brittain, Vera. The Rebel Passion,
1964


Bussey, Gertrude and Margaret Tims. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1915-1965; a Record of Fifty Years' Work,
1965


Degen, Marie Louise. The History of the Woman's Peace Party,(reprint of 1939 ed.)
1974


Hadden, Maude Miner. Quest for Peace: Personal and Political,
1968


Report of the Conference on Cause and Cure of War, Washington, D.C., (2 vols.)
Jan 18-24, 1925



Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Addams, Jane, 1860-1935
  • National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War (U.S.)
  • Pacifism--History
  • Pacifists--United States--Biography--Sources
  • Peace movements--History--Sources
  • Peace--Societies, etc.--History--Sources
  • Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975--Protest movements--Sources Women and peace--History--Sources
  • Women's International League for Peace and Freedom--History--Sources
  • Women's Pentagon Action (November 1980)
  • Women--International cooperation--History--Sources
  • World War, 1914-1918--Protest movements
  • World War, 1939-1945--Protest movements


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