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Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project records, 1970-1985
46 boxes (29.75 linear feet)
Collection number: SSC.MS.00310

Abstract:
Documentation program. The Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project Records include correspondence, speeches, legal documents, photographs, press releases, reports, articles, interview transcripts, audio and video tapes, legislative records, logbooks, notes, documentary footage, and memorabilia. The bulk of the records comprise audiovisual materials from two documentaries: "Who Will Protect the Family," Victoria Costello's PBS documentary based on the 1982 North Carolina ERA campaign; and "Fighting for the Obvious" based on the Chicago, Illinois, ERA campaign produced by Virago Video, and ERACAP. There is also considerable material relating to the National Organization for Women's work to pass the Equal Rights Amendment. Additional ERA-related materials collected by Beth Leopold are included. Notable individuals included in the documentary footage are: Susan Cantinia, Dennis Cuddy, Donald Deuster, Frances Fitzgerald, Jesse Helms, Wilma Scott Heide, Peggy Madigan, Lamarr Mooneyham, Kathy Railsback, Phyllis Schlafly, Ellie Smeal, Gloria Steinem, and Monica Faith Stewart.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The Records are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the exception of audiovisual materials that have not been reformatted for use by researchers. Viewing copies for selected footage are available on DVD.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the records created in the administration of the Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project and the documentary Who Will Protect the Family?. Virago Video (Lynn Kanter) owns copyright to the audiovisual material from the documentary Fighting for the Obvious. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by other people or organizations may be owned by those individuals or organizations or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Sophia Smith Collection

Biographical / Historical

The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was first introduced in the U.S. Congress in 1923. It was introduced in every session of Congress after that for nearly half a century. In 1971 the House of Representatives approved the proposed amendment. The Senate approved the amendment a year later. The issue was sent to the state legislatures and twenty states ratified the ERA almost immediately (Alaska, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin). In 1973 Connecticut, South Dakota, Oregon, Minnesota, New Mexico, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming ratified; Nebraska voted to rescind its ratification. Over the next few years, Maine, Montana and Ohio voted to ratify and Tennessee voted to rescind. In an effort to gain the additional three votes necessary for ratification, groups with many pro-ERA supporters boycotted states that had failed to ratify the Amendment. As the deadline for ratification loomed (22 March 1979), Representative Elizabeth Holtzman (D-NY) introduced a bill to extend the deadline for ratification. In October of 1978, Congress set a new deadline for the ERA--30 June 1982. In 1980 Ronald Reagan became the first president since the Equal Rights Amendment was sent to the states to oppose the ERA. On 30 June 1982 the ERA died, falling three states short of the necessary three-fourths ratification.

Beth Leopold worked on the National Organization for Women (NOW) campaign to ratify the ERA. After its defeat, she sought to ensure that the story of the fight for ratification would be preserved and began the Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project (ERACAP). The goal of the ERACAP was to "collect and process oral history and photographic materials relating to the ERA campaign between the years 1970 and 1982." The focus of the collecting was on the experiences of participants in the local, state, and national levels of the campaign.

The aim of the original project was to interview 150-200 people involved in the pro or anti-ERA work using archival quality open reel audiotape and to make typed transcripts of the interviews. There were also plans to create an index of the subjects covered in the interviews, along with photographs and a directory for additional materials related to the ERA campaign. Because funding for the project ran out in 1984, the oral history interviews were never created; however, Beth Leopold acted as intermediary between the Sophia Smith Collection and two documentary filmmakers to house their tapes and accompanying printed matter within the ERACAP collection. "Who Will Protect the Family?" was completed and aired on PBS in 1982. "Fighting for the Obvious" (Virago Video, 1982) was also completed, but it is uncertain whether it was shown by a major media outlet. In addition, Leopold's own ERA-related material came with the ERACAP materials.

Scope and Contents

The ERACAP Records consist of 29.75 linear feet and are primarily related to the fight to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment between 1972 and 1982. Types of materials include correspondence, speeches, legal documents, photographs, press releases, reports, journal and newspaper articles, transcripts of interviews, audiocassettes, videocassettes, legislative records, logbooks, notes, documentary footage, and memorabilia.

The bulk of the records comprise audiovisual materials documenting the ERA fights in Illinois and North Carolina from two documentaries, Fighting for the Obvious and Who Will Protect the Family?. There is also considerable material relating to the National Organization for Women's work to pass the Equal Rights Amendment.

Notable individuals included in the documentary footage are: Alan Alda, Birch Bayh, Susan Cantinia, Midge Costanza, Dennis Cuddy, Donald Deuster, Frances Fitzgerald, Jake Garn, Jesse Helms, Wilma Scott Heide, Peggy Madigan, Lamarr Mooneyham, Kathy Railsback, Phyllis Schlafly, Eleanor Smeal, Gloria Steinem, and Monica Faith Stewart. A portion of the footage for each documentary has been reformatted to DVD viewing copies.

This collection is organized into five series:

  1. I. ERACAP ADMINISTRATION
  2. II. NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN AND THE ERA
  3. III. WHO WILL PROTECT THE FAMILY? DOCUMENTARY FILES
  4. IV. ERA DEFEAT
  5. V. AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS
  6. OVERSIZE MATERIALS

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The Records are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the exception of audiovisual materials that have not been reformatted for use by researchers. Viewing copies for selected footage are available on DVD.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the records created in the administration of the Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project and the documentary Who Will Protect the Family?. Virago Video (Lynn Kanter) owns copyright to the audiovisual material from the documentary Fighting for the Obvious. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by other people or organizations may be owned by those individuals or organizations or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project Records, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

Additional Formats

Some original videotaped recordings have been copied to digital files for research use.

History of the Collection

Lynn Kanter (Virago Video) donated the audiovisual materials from Fighting for the Obvious in 1984. Beth Leopold donated her personal papers and the records of ERACAP as well as Victoria Costello's materials relating to Who Will Protect the Family? to the Sophia Smith Collection in 1988.

Processing Information

Processed by Kara M. McClurken, 2004. Finding aid revised by Amy Hague and Olivia Mandica-Hart, 2011.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English
Contents List
SERIES I. ERACAP ADMINISTRATION ‡SERIES I. ERACAP ADMINISTRATION
(1981-85) .5 linear ft. 1981-85


This series contains Beth Leopold's administrative records of the Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project, including the project proposal, ERACAP's financial and equipment needs, and correspondence with the Sophia Smith Collection. Most of the unrelated publications by history organizations and guides to oral histories have been removed from the collection.

Contents


Box 1: folder 1
Project proposal
1983-84 undated

Box 1: folder 2
Advisory board
1983 undated

Box 1: folder 3
Letters of support
1983

Box 1: folder 4
ERA materials to collect
1981-83

Box 1: folder 5
Financial materials



Expenses
1983 undated

Box 1: folder 6
Sources of funding
1983 undated

Box 1: folder 7
Grantsmanship Center
1983 undated

Box 1: folder 8
Tax-exempt status
1984-85 undated

Box 1: folder 9
Correspondence
1983-85

Box 1: folder 10
General

[see also Smith College]

Memberships
1982-84

Box 1: folder 11
Equipment and services
1982-83 undated

Box 1: folder 12
Smith College
1982-85


General
1982-85

Box 1: folder 13
Alternative Career Conference
April 15-16, 1983

Box 1: folder 14
SERIES II. NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN AND THE ERA
1970-83 1970-83


Beth Leopold's work at the National Organization for Women is documented in this series. Media projects played a large role in NOW's efforts to pass the ERA in the fifteen states where it hadn't yet passed. The ERA Countdown campaign materials include photocopies of images dating back to the early twentieth century that were selected for a film to document the struggle for the ERA, with the bulk of the images covering the 1970s and early 1980s. Other media-related projects for NOW can be found in the materials related to the Legal Defense and Education Fund. This series also covers several major marches and rallies for the ERA. The Capitol March for ERA focuses mostly on Chicago, where Leopold directed her energies. This series also includes subject files, memorabilia, and a bibliography of newspaper clippings from the New York Times related to the ERA from 1970 through 1982.

Articles, pamphlets, and reports about the ERA, 1979-80, undated ==ERA Countdown Campaign
1979-80 undated

Box 1: folder 15
General

[see also SERIES III. - Pro-ERA Countdown]

General
1981-82 undated

Box 1: folder 16
Celebrity support
1980-82 undated

Box 1: folder 17
Film
1968-80 undated


Film images, 1-643


Box 2: folder 1-6
Photo log


Box 2: folder 7
" Film"



"NOW Music Selections:" audiocassette tape
undated

Box 2: folder 8
General

[digital file available]

==Images
1974 undated

Box 2: folder 9
LA Photo Log Images
September 18, 1981

Box 2: folder 10
Correspondence, memos, and reports
1981-82 undated

Box 2: folder 11
Speeches
1982 undated

Box 2: folder 12
Virginia's ERA Struggle
1982

Box 2: folder 13
Fundraising kit
undated

Box 2: folder 14
Legal Defense and Education Fund



General
1978-81 undated

Box 2: folder 15
Staff members
undated

Box 2: folder 16
Projection Equal Education Rights (PEER)
1982

Box 3: folder 1
Media Project



General
1980-82 undated

Box 3: folder 2
Advertising



Equipment
1978-81 undated

Box 3: folder 3
Outdoor advertising
1981

Box 3: folder 4
Public Service Announcements (PSAs)



Production companies
1981

Box 3: folder 5
Sample scripts
1981

Box 3: folder 6
Notes
1981 undated

Box 3: folder 7
Radio
1981-82

Box 3: folder 8
Television
1981-82

Box 3: folder 9
General

[see also Public Service Announcements]

Artwork
1981

Box 3: folder 10
Conferences and consultations



Freestyle evaluation conference
1980

Box 3: folder 11
Michigan Media Project conference
1980-81

Box 3: folder 12
State broadcasting action workshop
undated

Box 4: folder 1
Vanguard Network proposal
1982

Box 4: folder 2
Women in the media study
1980-83 undated

Box 4: folder 3
Other conferences
1980-81

Box 4: folder 4
ERA Awareness Week
1981-82

Box 4: folder 5
Pilot Program
1979-80 undated

Box 4: folder 6
Purchase orders
1981-82

Box 4: folder 7
Status reports
1981

Box 4: folder 8
Leadership mailing lists
1979-82 undated

Box 4: folder 9
Marches, rallies, and other events



Springfield, IL: Rally
16 May 1976

Box 4: folder 10
Washington, DC:
March 9 Jul 1978

Box 4: folder 11
Washington, DC: ERA Inauguration Watch
20 Jan 1980

Box 4: folder 12
San Antonio, TX: National Conference
3-5 Oct 1980

Box 4: folder 13
Utah: Missionary Project
9 Apr-19 Jul 1981

Box 4: folder 14
ERA Walkathons
Aug 1981

Box 4: folder 15
Washington, DC: National Conference
10-12 Oct 1981

Box 4: folder 16
Illinois: Fast for Justice
May 1982

Box 4: folder 17
Capitol March for ERA
6 June 1982

Box 4
Kits


Box 4: folder 18
Illinois



Contracts


Box 5: folder 1
General notes


Box 5: folder 2
Letters to ERA supporters


Box 5: folder 3
Musicians


Box 5: folder 4
Material order forms


Box 5: folder 5
Newspaper clippings


Box 5: folder 6
Organizational materials


Box 5: folder 7
Outreach


Box 5: folder 8
Planning materials


Box 5: folder 9-10
Recruitment


Box 5: folder 11
Washington, DC: Rally
30 Jun 1982

Box 5: folder 12
PAC/Woman Walkathon
28 Aug 1982

Box 5: folder 13
Post-ERA response by NOW: Vote out the opposition
1982

Box 5: folder 14
Other state/local activities
1980-82

Box 5: folder 15
Unidentified ERA events: negatives and proof sheets
undated

Box 5: folder 16-17
Media Reform Committee



General
1979-81 undated

Box 5: folder 18
Communications technology
1980 undated

Box 5: folder 19
Federal Communications Commission and discrimination
1979-81 undated

Box 5: folder 20
Memorabilia



Buttons
1982 undated

Box 5: folder 21
Ribbons, posters, and ERA "business cards,"
1977-82 undated

Box 6: folder 1
Stickers
undated

Box 6: folder 2
Newspaper clippings



General
1981-82 undated

Box 6: folder 3
NOW Convention
1982

Box 6: folder 4
NOW Press releases
1980-82

Box 6: folder 5
Protests



Movie: Windows
1980

Box 6: folder 6
Appointment of Rex E. Lee as Solicitor General
1981

Box 6: folder 7
Subject files



Draft case/women in the military
1980-81

Box 6: folder 8
Reagan, Ronald: newspaper clippings
1980-83

Box 6: folder 9
Reproductive rights
1980-82 undated

Box 6: folder 10
Other women's issues
1980-83 undated

Box 6: folder 11
SERIES III. WHO WILL PROTECT THE FAMILY? DOCUMENTARY FILES‡SERIES III. WHO WILL PROTECT THE FAMILY? DOCUMENTARY FILES
1974-82 undated 1974-82


General

[see also SERIES V. -Who Will Protect the Family?]

Scope and content:

This series is composed of the administrative and subject files of Victoria Costello, the director for Who Will Protect the Family?, an hour length color PBS documentary that examines the motivations, beliefs, and larger goals of the two movements fighting for and against the Equal Rights Amendment, focusing in particular on anti-ERA activist, Marilyn DeVries. And pro-ERA activist, Beth McAllister. Although the documentary specifically focuses on the three year battle to pass the ERA in North Carolina, the materials in this series relate to legislation, statistics, and organizations on both the state and national levels, as well as subjects that extend beyond the Equal Rights Amendment. Only a few transcripts from the film footage are in the collection; nevertheless, the few that exist provide valuable insight into the motivations of individuals fighting for and against the passage of the amendment, as do the brief summaries of selected footage in the Appendix. The audiovisual materials from the documentary are found in SERIES V. AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS.

Video logs



Raleigh, NC
1979

Box 6: folder 12
Pro/anti-ERA groups and people
1981

Box 13
Transcripts, Aug 1981: audiocassettes 1-6
Aug 1981:

Box 13: folder 14-19
Publicity
1982

Box 13: folder 20
Notes and questions
1981 undated

Box 13: folder 21
Archival visuals (North Carolina)
1981 undated

Box 13: folder 22
North Carolina contacts
1981 undated

Box 13: folder 23
Anti-ERA



General: articles and newspaper clippings
1979-82 undated

Box 13: folder 24
American Family Institute
1980 undated

Box 25
American Life Lobby
1979-81 undated

Box 26
General

[see also OVERSIZE MATERIALS]

Christianity and Politics conference (8-9 May 1981), 1976-81, n.d.
(8-9 May 1981)

Box 7: folder 1
Cuddy, Dennis
1978-81 undated

Box 7: folder 2
DeVries, Marilyn
1980 undated

Box 7: folder 3
Family Protection Reporter
1979-81

Box 7: folder 4
Marshner, Connie


Box 7
General

[see also Family Protection Reporter]

Moral Majority
1980-81 undated

Box 7: folder 5
General

[see also oversize box 12]

The Right Woman
1979-81 undated

Box 7: folder 6
Schlafly, Phyllis


Box 7
General

[see also Stop ERA]

Stop ERA
1980-82

Box 7: folder 7
Other anti-ERA groups
1979-82 undated

Box 7: folder 8
Pro-ERA



General: articles, newspaper clippings, and speeches
1978-81 undated

Box 7: folder 9
Congressional Union
1981

Box 7: folder 10
ERA America
1978-80

Box 7: folder 11-12
ERA Countdown
30 Jun 1981

Box 7: folder 13
General

[see also SERIES II. NOW and the ERA Countdown Campaign]

Johnson, Sonya


Box 7: folder 14
McAllister, Beth
1981 undated

Box 7: folder 15
Ms. Meeting
26 May 1981

Box 7: folder 16
North Carolina Council of Churches
1981 undated

Box 7: folder 17
Pamphlets
1978-80 undated

Box 7: folder 18
Shoulder to Shoulder March for the ERA
2 May 1981

Box 7: folder 19
New York Times ERA timeline, 1970-82: card file
1970-82:

Box 7a
North Carolina
1981 legislative session


Abortion


Box 8: folder 1
Background information
1979-81 undated

Box 8: folder 2
Day care
1981 legislative session

Box 3
Equal Rights Amendment


Box 3: folder 4
Marital property distribution


Box 3: folder 5
Other bills


Box 3: folder 6
U.S. Congress



Abortion/Human Life Amendment
1980-81 undated

Box 3: folder 7
General

[see also Family Protection Act]

Economic Equity Act
1981

Box 3: folder 8
Equal Rights Amendment
1978 1981

Box 3: folder 9
Family Protection Act
1981

Box 3
CRS Report and Analysis


Box 3: folder 10
Legislation


Box 3: folder 11
Summaries


Box 12
Social Security
1981

Box 12: folder 13
Voting records
1980-81

Box 12: folder 14
Subjects and statistics



Abortion
1979-81 undated

Box 12: folder 15
Apparel and tobacco industry
1978-81

Box 12: folder 16
Day care
1980-81 undated

Box 12: folder 17
Divorce statistics
1981 undated

Box 9: folder 1
Domestic violence
1977-81

Box 9: folder 2
Families
1978-82


General
1980

Box 9: folder 3
National
1978-82

Box 9: folder 4
Juvenile criminal behavior
1979-81

Box 9: folder 5-6
North Carolina statistics
1978-81 undated


Employment
1978-81

Box 9: folder 7
General
1974-81

Box 9: folder 8
Original grids
undated

Box 9: folder 9
Personal Income
1973-81

Box 10: folder 1
Planned Parenthood: activities and criticisms of
1980-81 undated

Box 10: folder 2
General

[see also Sex Education]

Sex education
1981

Box 10: folder 3
Teenage pregnancy
1976-81 undated

Box 10: folder 4
Textbooks
1974-81 undated

Box 10: folder 5
Women
1975-81 undated

Box 10: folder 6-7
SERIES IV. ERA DEFEAT ‡SERIES IV. ERA DEFEAT
(1982-84 undated) .25 linear ft. 1982-84


This small series contains published and unpublished articles and essays that examine the Equal Rights Amendment, its defeat, and its supporters and opponents.

Susan Harding articles and papers
1981-1983

Box 11: folder 1
ERA essays in OAH newsletter
1982-83

Box 11: folder 2
"The Equal Rights Amendment: Anatomy of a Failure," PS
Fall 1982

Box 11: folder 3
Jennifer Jackman/Tamar Raphael project
1983-84

Box 11: folder 4-6
General

[note: most of the audiotapes and transcripts from this project are located in the Women's Rights Collection; see also Correspondence in SERIES I]

Until Justice is Done: The Fight for the ERA
Spring 1983

Box 11: folder 7
SERIES V. AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS
1978-82 undated 1978-82


This large series forms the bulk of the collection and includes 30 hours of videotape for Fighting for the Obvious (over 100 tapes), a documentary about the ERA fight in Illinois, as well as several hundred ¾ inch Umatics and ½ inch Betas from the PBS documentary Who Will Protect the Family?, which documents the ERA fight in North Carolina.

A sample of original video footage for both documentaries has been are available as digital copied to digital files for access. See Appendix for descriptions of digitized video.

DVD viewing copies of unedited documentary footage



General

[These videos are available as digital files See Appendix for full descriptions.]

Who Will Protect the Family?



Nos. 1-78


Box 13
Nos. 79-123


Box 14
Fighting for the Obvious



Nos. 1-44


Box 14
Nos. 45-72


Box 15
DVD preservation masters


Box 16-17
Restrictions on access:

[CLOSED]

Digital Beta tapes


Box 18-28
Restrictions on access:

[CLOSED]

Original ¾" UMatic videotapes


Box 29-45
General

[For full list of original tapes, contact the SSC]

Restrictions on access:

[CLOSED]

OVERSIZE MATERIALS



American Life Lobby: A.LL. About Issues, Oct 1980-Mar1981
Oct 1980-

Box 12
"ERA YES" sign


Box 12
Moral Majority Report (5 issues)
1980-81

Box 12
Moral Majority: poster
undated

Box 12
"The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter": invitation mock-up
1981

Box 12
"Tell Me a Riddle": invitation mock-up
1981

Box 12
SAM: Soldier, Sailor, Airman, Marine, Feb 1980: "Women in Combat?...Let's Get Serious"
Feb 1980:

Box 12
Sash for 1980 ERA march
1980

Box 12

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Costello, Victoria
  • Costello-Clunn, Victoria
  • Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project
  • Equal Rights Amendment Campaign Archives Project (ERACAP)
  • Equal rights amendments--Illinois--History--Sources
  • Equal rights amendments--North Carolina--History--Sources
  • Equal rights amendments--United States--History--Sources
  • Family--Social aspects--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Feminism--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Feminists--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Fitzgerald, Frances, 1940-
  • Kanter, Lynn
  • Leopold, Beth
  • McAllister, Beth
  • Moral Majority, Inc.
  • National Organization for Women--History--Sources
  • Oral history--methodology
  • Schlafly, Phyllis
  • Women's rights--United States--History--Sources

Genre terms
  • Audiotapes
  • Card files
  • Ephemera
  • Logbooks
  • Oral histories
  • Publicity
  • Transcripts
  • Videotapes
  • articles
  • clippings
  • correspondence
  • photographs


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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