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P. Lough O'Daly Papers, 1944-1984
4 boxes (2 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 444

Abstract:
Veteran. The P. Lough O'Daly Papers are the result of O'Daly's research and volunteer efforts relating to American women in the military. Included are oral histories (recordings and partial transcripts) of 10 women who served in the Vietnam War, conducted by O'Daly between 1982 and 1984, as part of the Smith Scholars Project ("Survivors: Women in Uniform During the Vietnam War"), and research materials related to the project. There are also files related to her organizational and committee work, including the east coast Women Veterans' Information Network (WVIN), and letters, memorabilia and photographs sent by veterans for the WVIN newsletter documenting, among other experiences, Women's Army Corps service in the South Pacific and Red Cross civilian workers in Vietnam.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following exceptions: 1) Researchers wishing to use this collection must sign an Access Agreement form agreeing to preserve the anonymity of the individuals represented in the materials. 2) One folder of material containing personal information is closed for fifty years after its creation (circa 2033).

Restrictions on use:

P. Lough O'Daly retains copyright to her Smith Scholar thesis, "Survivors: Women in Uniform During the Vietnam War," including the oral history transcripts. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to other materials may be owned by third parties or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Patricia Lough O'Daly was born on 18 August 1954. She enlisted in the U.S. Air Force in 1974 and spent five years in the military as a jet engine mechanic. She left the service in 1980 to enter Smith College under the Ada Comstock program (for non-traditional age students), and she received her B.A with a major in anthropology in 1984. While at Smith, O'Daly undertook a research project about the experiences of women veterans of the Vietnam War. The product, a thesis-length Smith Scholar project entitled "Survivors: Women in Uniform during the Vietnam War," drew upon historical research and oral histories with women veterans to analyze the distinctiveness of their experiences and their alienation from military services and a culture designed for male soldiers. While at Smith, she also began work to raise the visibility of female veterans.

In the politicized context of both the women's movement and efforts among Vietnam veterans to confront the overlooked legacy of post-traumatic stress and Agent Orange, O'Daly's projects dovetailed with other efforts to create support networks and policy advocacy for female veterans. To that end, she established an East Coast branch of the Oakland, California Women Veterans' Information Network (WVIN), which continued a fledgling western Massachusetts effort, Athena. She also served on the Women's Steering Committee of the Vietnam Veterans of America and acted as consultant for women's issues at the Springfield (Massachusetts) Vet Center and on the Massachusetts Special Commission on the Concerns of Vietnam Veterans.

No further biographical information is available at this time.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The P. Lough O'Daly Papers are the result of O'Daly's research and volunteer efforts relating to American women in the military. The materials document O'Daly's work over roughly a four-year period (1980-84).

SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS includes personal and professional correspondence, resumes and letters of reference. Clippings about O'Daly and her published and unpublished letters to the editor are also located in this series. SERIES II."SURVIVORS: WOMEN IN UNIFORM DURING THE VIETNAM WAR" contains O'Daly's Smith Scholar project. The oral histories completed for this project, excerpts of which are transcribed in the paper, are of particular interest. Ten veterans eloquently delve into the haunting impact of the Vietnam War, recount the challenges of sexism and racism in the military, and reflect on the achievements resulting from their time in the service. Researchers should consult SERIES IV. SUBJECT FILES for other reference material pertaining to this project. The research materials, correspondence, and publications related to her organizational and committee work, including the WVIN East, are contained in SERIES III. ORGANIZATIONS.

Especially valuable materials came from World War II and Vietnam War veterans who deposited primary documents with O'Daly when she was Director of the Women Veterans Information Network (East). Berta Hodnett Goodwin, a veteran of the Women's Army Corps service in New Guinea, shared memorabilia and photographs to be published in the WVIN newsletter. These unique items and images, which are found in the "Women and the Military" subseries of SERIES IV. SUBJECT FILES, document women's experiences and duties in World War II-era South Pacific. O'Daly also received memorabilia and photographs documenting the Red Cross's Supplemental Recreation Activities Overseas program operating in Vietnam. The civilian women of the Red Cross acted to increase morale among troops; the photographs and reunion material from this group shed light on the little-noted presence of female American civilians in Vietnam and give images of camp life. They are located in SERIES III. ORGANIZATIONS.

SERIES IV. SUBJECT FILES includes correspondence generated in response to O'Daly's various efforts. She received a number of inquiries from veterans looking for lost friends, information about her research and organizational work, and general assistance. This correspondence can be found under "Women and the Military" in this series. Other material in SERIES IV. SUBJECT FILES consists of newspaper clippings and printed reports. Some of this material may have served as research for the "Survivors: Women in Uniform during the Vietnam War" and the organizations and committees to which she belonged, as they provide background on various veterans' issues. There is also printed material collected by O'Daly pertaining to various women veterans' issues such as legislation, job training and employment, discharge and upgrading, black veterans, military record searches, Agent Orange, support services, and battered and sexually abused women veterans.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open for research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following exceptions: 1) Researchers wishing to use this collection must sign an Access Agreement form agreeing to preserve the anonymity of the individuals represented in the materials. 2) One folder of material containing personal information is closed for fifty years after its creation (circa 2033).

Restrictions on use:

P. Lough O'Daly retains copyright to her Smith Scholar thesis, "Survivors: Women in Uniform During the Vietnam War," including the oral history transcripts. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to other materials may be owned by third parties or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

P. Lough O'Daly Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Processing Information

Processed by Amanda Izzo, 2005.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS



Personal correspondence, resumes, and recommendations,
1981-84

Box 1: folder 1
Clippings about O'Daly and letters to the editor,
1982-83

Box 1: folder 2
SERIES II. "Survivors: Women in Uniform during the Vietnam War" (Smith Scholar thesis and oral history project)

[See also SERIES IV. SUBJECT FILES for research materials]




Women in the Military conference, Smith College: correspondence, proposal, and notes,
1982

Box 1: folder 3
Draft material and historiography,
1982, 1984

Box 1: folder 4
Thesis: "Survivors: Women in Uniform during the Vietnam War" (includes transcripts of oral history interviews),
1984

Box 1: folder 5-9
Oral history interviews: audio recordings

[see AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS]



Box 1
SERIES III. ORGANIZATIONS



Massachusetts Special Commission on the Concerns of Vietnam Veterans: correspondence, reports, printed material, and notes:
1983

Box 1: folder 10
Minerva: correspondence,
1983-84

Box 2: folder 1
Miscellaneous organizations,
n.d.

Box 2: folder 2
Red Cross Supplemental Recreation Activities Overseas (SRO), Vietnam



Reunions: Correspondence, mailing lists, and programs,
1981-84, n.d.

Box 2: folder 3-3b
Printed material,
circa 1970s, 1983-84

Box 2: folder 4
Memorabilia and photographs,
circa 1969

Box 2: folder 5
Springfield (Massachusetts) Vietnam Vet Center: correspondence, memoranda, reports, and notes,
1983-84

Box 2: folder 6
U.S. Veterans Administration



Advisory Committee on Women: correspondence, memoranda, legislation, and clippings,
1982-84

Box 2: folder 7
Benefits and discharge upgrades (selection of materials): clippings and reports,
1970s-early 1980s

Box 2: folder 8
Vietnam Veterans of America, Women's Steering Committee: correspondence and memoranda,
1982-84

Box 2: folder 9
Women Veteran's Information Network (WVIN), East



Correspondence and mailing lists,
1981-83

Box 2: folder 10
Newsletters and notes,
1983-84

Box 2: folder 11
By-laws and general printed material,
1982-83

Box 2: folder 12
SERIES IV. SUBJECT FILES



Agent Orange: correspondence, clippings and reports,

[see also Women and the Military]

1982-84

Box 3: folder 1
Disability and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: correspondence, clippings, and printed material, early

[see also Women and the Military]

1980s

Box 3: folder 2
Massachusetts veterans: clippings and legislation,
1982-83

Box 3: folder 3
Vietnam: maps and clippings,
1970s-80s

Box 3: folder 4
Vietnam Memorial: clippings,
1982-83

Box 3: folder 5



Veterans and servicewomen


Box 3
Restrictions on access:

[Biographical information -- closed until 2033]

Correspondence with and about veterans,
1982-84

Box 3: folder 6
Bibliographies, research proposals, and notes,
n.d.

Box 3: folder 7
Clippings, writings, and reports,
1972, 1980-84, n.d.

Box 3: folder 8
Partners and dependents: clippings, writings, and reports, early
1980s

Box 3: folder 9
Abuse, violence, and sexual harassment: clippings and reports, early
1980s

Box 3: folder 10
World War II: correspondence, printed material, clippings, memorabilia, and photographs,
1940s, 1978, 1983, n.d.

Box 3: folder 11
AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS



"Survivors…": oral history recording

[Research copies, CD-ROM]



Box 4
Chris Harrington, Peterborough, NH,
May 26, 1982, n.d.

Box 4
Mary Glinski, U.S. Army Recruiter,
July 1982

Box 4
Peggy R.,
September 24, 1982

Box 4
Lily Adams, nurse,
June 1983

Box 4
Morgan Allen (Part I & II),
February 4, 1984

Box 4
M .E. (Mary Ellen?) Boudreau (Part I & II),
n.d.

Box 4
Loreen,
n.d.

Box 4
Originals and preservation copies [Use research copies]


Box 5

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • O'Daly, P. Lough
  • Smith College--Students--History--Sources
  • United States--Armed Forces--Women--History--20th century
  • United States. Army. Women's Army Corps--Personal narratives Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975--Women--Sources
  • Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975--Personal narratives, American Women and the military--United States--History--Sources
  • Women veterans--Services for--United States--History--Sources
  • World War, 1939-1945--Women--Sources


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