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Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman Papers, 1906-2000
12 boxes (4.25 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 40

Abstract:
Sculptor, author, and traveler. This collection documents Cushman's professional life, artistic works, and her wide social network, particularly in Chicago in the 1910's and Europe in the 1920's. The subjects of Cushman's sculptures include Benito Mussolini, Ezra Pound, Italian architect Giacomo Boni, Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera, Mohandas K. Ghandi, Clarence Darrow, and Jane Addams. All are represented to some extent in the collection as are other notables such as Stephen Vincent Benét, Sarah Bernhardt, Lauro De Bosis, Alice Gerstenberg, Elizabeth Sparhawk Jones, Grace Hegger Lewis, Dorothy Shakespeare Pound, Eunice Tietjens, and Frank Lloyd Wright. Types of materials include correspondence, writings, photographs, clippings, biographical materials, artwork, and memorabilia.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright to the Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman Papers is owned by her executor, Anne M. Cushman. Permission to cite the papers for quotations or for publication beyond "fair use" must be obtained from Ms. Cushman. Copyright to materials authored by persons other than Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman was an American sculptor, writer, artist, and socialite. Although she created some altar panels and abstracts, her work consisted mostly of portrait sculpture, primarily in bronze and terra cotta. Particularly productive between 1910 and 1953, her work included a broad range of well and lesser known people. These included Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, poet Ezra Pound, lawyer Clarence Darrow, social reformer Jane Addams, Italian architect Giacomo Boni, Spanish dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera, and Indian politician Mohandas K. Ghandi. Through her work and social contacts, Cushman cultivated a wide variety of notable friends and associates including the family of author Stephen Vincent Benet; social reformer Louis de Koven Bowen; Italian poet and anti-fascist Lauro De Bosis; Ezra and Dorothy Pound; artist Elizabeth Sparhawk Jones; writer and journalist Clara Laughlin; Grace Hegger Lewis, wife of Sinclair Lewis; opera singer Gladys Swarthout; and the family of architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Her work received little critical attention during her lifetime or since, but local newspapers covered her work and travels extensively.

Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman working on a bust of Benito Mussolini, 1923

Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman working on a bust of Benito Mussolini, 1923

Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman was born Nancy Mal Cox in Nashville, Tennessee, August 15, 1885, the second of three children of cousins Herschell McCullough Cox and Nancy Morgan Cox. She was descended from one of the first families to settle in Virginia in the early 1600s. Her mother studied music and painting and although it is not clear what her father's occupation was, in a letter to Alice Gerstenberg, Cushman writes " Like many southerners of inheritance my family was artistic." Her mother died of tuberculosis when Nancy was three. All three children contracted polio, and Nancy's elder sister and younger brother both died of the disease shortly before the death of their mother. The results if the illness affected Nancy's health for the rest of her life. Her father married Lillian Warren with whom he had one son, Henry Herschel Cox. In 1899, when Nancy was fourteen, her father was killed in a carriage accident on his way to view a newly acquired property. After a brief time in a boarding school in Arkansas, she and her stepmother moved to Nashville where Nancy was enrolled at Ward Seminary. At Ward she worked in pastels and watercolors under the direction of artist Willie Betty Newman. Nancy, cut off from her father's family and unhappy with her stepfamily and her "irrational stepmother," ran away and married Mark McCormack in 1903. She admitted that it was an "escape" marriage and they were soon divorced.

Left a "small income" by her father, Nancy enrolled at Washington University St. Louis School of Fine Arts in 1910 and then the Chicago Art Institute studying sculpture under Charles Mulligan. She worked in Chicago until 1920 during which time she sculpted over twenty-five pieces and wrote Peeps, The Really Truly Sunshine Fairy, a children's book published in 1918. It was during this time in Chicago that her life intersected with many well known people such as Clarence Darrow, Grace Hegger Lewis, Alice Gerstenberg, Eunice Tietjens, and Frank Lloyd Wright.

In 1921 Cushman traveled to Europe. While in France she became friends with Ezra Pound and his wife, Dorothy Shakespeare, whom she had met earlier in the States. In 1922 she opened a studio in Rome, and shortly thereafter she received a commission from the Italian American Society of Philadelphia to sculpt a bust of Benito Mussolini. It was during this period that she also did a bust of the Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera. Pieces produced during this time were exhibited in Paris at the Galleries Jacques Seligman, the Salon of 1923, and at the 1923-24 Exposition Biennale Internationale des Beaux Arts in Rome. They were also subsequently exhibited at Seligman, New York Gallery; the National Gallery in Washington D.C.; the Chicago Art Institute; and the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco.

Cushman returned to the United States in 1924 settling in New York and Pennsylvania where she wrote her memoirs and a book, Pleasant Days in Spain. In 1931 she traveled to London to sculpt a portrait bust of Mohandas K. Gandhi. During the next eight years she sculpted a number of portrait busts and a bas-relief memorial medallion of Jane Addams. She continued to work on her memoirs and traveled throughout the United States speaking of her experiences.

In 1939 she married Charles Thomas Cushman, an employee of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. They settled in Ithaca, New York, traveling extensively until his death in 1962. Her last work was her husband's tombstone. Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman died in Ithaca on February 17, 1967.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman Papers consist of 4.25 linear feet of correspondence; writings, photographs, clippings, artwork, and memorabilia. They reflect her artistic work and related contacts as well as a wide social network, particularly in Chicago in the 1910s and Europe in the 1920s. The material is annotated by Cushman. The challenge for researchers using these papers is the fact that material on many of the people is spread throughout the collection. For example, information on Ezra Pound can be found in all four series as well as within the narratives of Cushman's memoirs and correspondence. This is also the case with photographs that are located in both SERIES III. and IV. because many were taken of Cushman at work with her models.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The Papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Copyright to the Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman Papers is owned by her executor, Anne M. Cushman. Permission to cite the papers for quotations or for publication beyond "fair use" must be obtained from Ms. Cushman. Copyright to materials authored by persons other than Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman donated her papers to the Sophia Smith Collection beginning in 1948. She made additions over the years until her death in 1967. In 2001 Nancy Weyant donated letters from Cushman to Ethel Fairmont Beebe.

Processing Information

Processed by Susan L. Boone, 2004.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/emailform.html
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS AND MEMORABILIA



Genealogy,
1930-63, n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
Cushman family,
1952, n.d.

Box 1: folder 2
Cushman, Nancy Cox-McCormack



Note:

[see also Friends and Associates-De Bosis, Lauro and Ghandi, Mohandes K.; SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE - Gerstensberg, Alice; SERIES III. ARTWORK, SPEECHES AND WRITINGS - Writings]

Diary portions,
1930-31

Box 1: folder 3
Memoir: "Two letters of Reminiscence Covering My Decade in Chicago, 1911-1920,"
1960

Box 1: folder 4
Clippings and articles ,
1919-67, 2000, n.d.

Box 1: folder 5
Horoscopes, numerology, and handwriting analysis,
1932-34, n.d.

Box 1: folder 6
Memorabilia



Note:

[see also Oversize materials]

Autograph book,
1922-57


Original


Box 1: folder 7
Photocopy


Box 1: folder 8
Programs and printed materials,
1915-56, n.d.

Box 1: folder 9
Miscellaneous,
1914-62, n.d.

Box 1: folder 10
Friends and associates



Adams, George Matthew,
1949

Box 1: folder 11
Addams, Jane,
1936, n.d.

Box 1: folder 12
Andersen, Stell,
1931-54, n.d.

Box 1: folder 13
Benet



Laura,
1939, 1958, n.d.

Box 1: folder 14
Stephen Vincent,
1943-62, n.d.

Box 1: folder 15
William Rose,
1940-50, n.d.

Box 1: folder 16
Miscellaneous family,
1940, 1950, n.d.

Box 1: folder 17
Benson, Allan L.,
1916

Box 1: folder 18
Bernhardt, Sarah,
1918, n.d.

Box 1: folder 19
Boni, Giacomo,
1953, 1961, n.d.

Box 1: folder 20
Note:

[see also SERIES III. ARTWORK, SPEECHES AND WRITINGS-Writings]

Bowen, Louise de Koven,
1940-62

Box 1: folder 21
Clark, Charles Upson,
1904-60, n.d.

Box 1: folder 22
Darrow, Clarence,
1916, n.d.

Box 1: folder 23
De Bosis



Lauro



"An Italian Memoir : Incorporating the Story of Lauro DeBosis" by Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman,
1951

Box 2: folder 1
"The Story of My Death,"
1934-48

Box 2: folder 2
Writings,
1927, 1931

Box 2: folder 3
Articles, clippings,
1930-58, n.d.

Box 2: folder 4
Lillian Vernon,
1930, n.d.

Box 2: folder 5
de la Gabbe, Juliette,
1928, n.d.

Box 2: folder 6
Doremus family,
1925, 1941, n.d.

Box 2: folder 7
Draper, Ruth,
1956-60

Box 2: folder 8
Dromgoole, Will Allen,
1934

Box 2: folder 9
du Manoir, George H
. 1934

Box 2: folder 10
Edwards, India,
1944, 1952

Box 2: folder 11
Evans, Rudolph,
1943-60, n.d.

Box 2: folder 12
Note:

[see also SERIES III. ARTWORK, SPEECHES, AND WRITINGS]

Favai, Gennaro,
1958, n.d.

Box 2: folder 13
Fekete, Zoltan,
1953-56, n.d.

Box 2: folder 14
Gerstenberg, Alice,
1929-57, n.d.

Box 2: folder 15
Note:

[see also SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE]

Ghandi, Mohandas K.,
1931-60

Box 2: folder 16
Haubiel, Charles,
1929, n.d.

Box 2: folder 17
Jones, Elizabeth Sparhawk,
1942-52, n.d.

Box 3: folder 1
Jonson, Raymond,
1947-58

Box 3: folder 2
Jules-Bois, H.A.,
1937-43

Box 3: folder 3
Laycock, Craven,
1940, n.d.

Box 3: folder 4
Lester, Muriel,
1927-31, n.d.

Box 3: folder 5
Lewis, Grace Hegger,
1956, 1960, n.d.

Box 3: folder 6
MacDowell, Marion and Edward,
1938-57, n.d.

Box 3: folder 7
MacVeah, Eames,
1940-50, n.d.

Box 3: folder 8
Masters, Edgar Lee,
1917, 1944-50, n.d.

Box 3: folder 9
Monroe, Harriet,
1938, n.d.

Box 3: folder 10
Morrow, Libbie Lutrell,
1935, n.d.

Box 3: folder 11
Mussolini, Benito,
1924, 1957, n.d.

Box 3: folder 12
Note:

[see also SERIES III. ARTWORK, SPEECHES, AND WRITINGS - Writings]

Nobili, Grace Cleveland Porter,
1953-60

Box 3: folder 13
Person, Edwin,
1962, n.d.

Box 3: folder 14
Pound



Ezra



Note:

[see also SERIES II CORRESPONDENCE - Personal- Favari and SERIES III. ARTWORK, SPEECHES AND WRITINGS-Writings-Miscellaneous]

Biographical articles and clippings,
1923-60, n.d.

Box 4: folder 1
"Some recollections of Ezra Pound" by Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman,
1949

Box 4: folder 2
Writings,
1912-17

Box 4: folder 3
Miscellaneous printed material and notes by Ezra Pound,
1938-57, n.d.

Box 4: folder 4
Omar,
1937

Box 4: folder 5
Rockefeller, Martha Baird,
1929-51

Box 4: folder 6
Sciortino, Antonio,
1914-54, n.d.

Box 4: folder 7
Shenton, Edward,
n.d.

Box 4: folder 8
Shipley family,
1954

Box 4: folder 9
Tallmadge, Thomas E and Thomas H.,
1924-40

Box 4: folder 10
Tietjens, Eunice,
1917-44, n.d.

Box 4: folder 11
Walsh, William,
1949, n.d.

Box 4: folder 12
Women Poets,
1963-64

Box 4: folder 13
Wright, Frank Lloyd,
1914-1959, n.d.

Box 4: folder 14
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE



Personal



Adams, George M.,
1911, 1914

Box 5: folder 1
Anderson, Stell,
n.d.

Box 5: folder 2
B,
1911-66, n.d.

Box 5: folder 3
Bailey, Vernon Howe,
1926, n.d.

Box 5: folder 4
Beebe, Ethel Snyder Fairmont,
1921, 1953-64

Box 5: folder 5
Beard, Mary Ritter,
1940-52, n.d.

Box 5: folder 6
Benet, Laura,
1939-65, n.d.

Box 5: folder 7-8
Benson, Allan,
1919-23

Box 5: folder 9
Bordeaux, Vahdah,
1931, n.d.

Box 5: folder 10
Bowen, Louise de Koven,
1925-53, n.d.

Box 5: folder 11-16
Brulen, Eva,
1927-52

Box 5: folder 17
Burroughs, John,
1906

Box 5: folder 18
C,
1923-39

Box 5: folder 19
Casanova, Grace Hegger



Note:
Clark, Charles Upson,
1929-60

Box 5: folder 20-22
Colosimo, Candida,
1956-59

Box 5: folder 23
Colum, Padraic,
1943

Box 5: folder 24
Cushman, Charles T.,
1955

Box 5: folder 25
D,
1925, 1950, n.d.

Box 5: folder 26
Darrow, Clarence,
n.d.

Box 5: folder 27
de Bosis



Adolpho,
n.d.

Box 5: folder 28
Lillian Vernon,
circa 1923

Box 5: folder 29
De Boyden, Grace,
1928-50, n.d.

Box 5: folder 30
de la Gabbe, Juliette,
1924-58, n.d.

Box 5: folder 31
Doremus, Arthur,
1937-51, n.d.

Box 5: folder 32
Dudley, Anne H. and Peter,
1916-19, n.d.

Box 5: folder 33
Du Manoir, George Henry, Viscount,
1922-25, n.d.

Box 5: folder 34
E-F,
1914-56, n.d.

Box 6: folder 1
Earhart, Amelia,
1932

Box 6: folder 2
Edwards, India,
1930-58

Box 6: folder 3
Elliott, Laura Norwell,
1913-17

Box 6: folder 4
Evans, Rudolph,
1941-55

Box 6: folder 5
Fabiani, Augusta,
1927-31

Box 6: folder 6
Fekete, Zolton and Ann,
1954-55, n.d.

Box 6: folder 7
Favari, Maria and Gennaro,
1956-58

Box 6: folder 8
French, Daniel Chester,
1927

Box 6: folder 9
G,
1920, 1934

Box 6: folder 10
Gerstenberg, Alice,
1915-64, n.d.

Box 6: folder 11-13
Gould, Lawrence and Peg,
1931-57, n.d.

Box 6: folder 14
Grierson, Margaret Storrs,
1948-65

Box 6: folder 15-16
H,
1914-33, n.d.

Box 6: folder 17
Hale, Irene,
circa 1927-37

Box 6: folder 18
Hamilton, Alice,
1935-40

Box 6: folder 19
Haubiel, Charles,
1929-64

Box 6: folder 20
Heistand, H.O.,
1919, n.d.

Box 6: folder 21
Henderson, Jessie,
n.d.

Box 6: folder 22
Holmes, John Haynes,
1934

Box 6: folder 23
Hoskins, Ann and Stewart,
1933, n.d.

Box 6: folder 24
J,
1936-47, n.d.

Box 7: folder 1
Jones, Elizabeth Sparhawk,
1935-56, n.d.

Box 7: folder 2
Jones, Harriet Winchester,
1939-41, n.d.

Box 7: folder 3
Jonson, Vera,
1958-60

Box 7: folder 4
Jordan, Thomas M.,
1923-24

Box 7: folder 5
Jules-Bois, H.A.,
1941-42, n.d.

Box 7: folder 6
K,
1930-31, n.d.

Box 7: folder 7
L,
1931, n.d.

Box 7: folder 8
Laughlin, Clara,
1924-39

Box 7: folder 9
Laughlin,
May, 1941-50

Box 7: folder 10
Lawson, David,
1942, 1949

Box 7: folder 11
Laycock, Craven and Florence,
1928-52

Box 7: folder 12
Lewis, Grace Hegger Casanova,
1938-56

Box 7: folder 13
M,
1918-57, n.d.

Box 7: folder 14
McCulloch, Winifred,
1947-62, n.d.

Box 7: folder 15
MacDowell, Marion,
1929-43

Box 7: folder 16
MacVeah, Eames,
1927-54, n.d.

Box 7: folder 17
Marsh, Daniel L
. 1930

Box 7: folder 18
Masters, Helen J.,
1944, n.d.

Box 7: folder 19
Miller, Tam,
1963-65, n.d.

Box 7: folder 20
Monroe, Harriet,
1930, n.d.

Box 7: folder 21
Morrow, Libbie Luttrell,
n.d.

Box 7: folder 22
Nobili, Grace,
1953-62, n.d.

Box 7: folder 23
Noice, Harold,
n.d.

Box 7: folder 24
Obermer, Seymour,
1923-24, n.d.

Box 7: folder 25
Ohannessian, Griselda,
1958

Box 7: folder 26
P,n.d
1917-29,

Box 7: folder 27
Pearson, Edwin,
1922-25, n.d.

Box 7: folder 28
Pound



Dorothy,
1921-58, n.d.

Box 7: folder 29
Ezra,
1936-57, n.d.

Box 7: folder 30
Isabel and Homer,
1924, 1934

Box 7: folder 31
R,
1941, 1950

Box 8: folder 1
Rockefeller, Martha Baird Allen,
1930-33, n.d.

Box 8: folder 2
Rose, Ray Clarke,
1924, n.d.

Box 8: folder 3
S,
1912-62, n.d.

Box 8: folder 4
Sciortino



Antonio,
1930-47

Box 8: folder 5
F. S.,
1947-48

Box 8: folder 6
Shenton, Barbara,
1940-58, n.d.

Box 8: folder 7
Shipley, Caleb and Helen,
1929-65

Box 8: folder 8
Sperry, Amelia,
n.d.

Box 8: folder 9
Stewart, John,
1916-20, n.d.

Box 8: folder 10
Stokes, Sarah,
1931-47

Box 8: folder 11
Storms, Alice,
1927, n.d.

Box 8: folder 12
Swarthout, Gladys,
1919-43

Box 8: folder 13
T,
1923-65, n.d.

Box 8: folder 14
Tallmadge, Thomas,
1921-31, n.d.

Box 8: folder 15
Teller, Sidney,
1955

Box 8: folder 16
Tietjens, Eunice,
1917-18

Box 8: folder 17
Townley, Ephra,
1932-34

Box 8: folder 18
Vacca, Virginia,
1958-66, n.d.

Box 8: folder 19
Walker, Dugald,
1921

Box 8: folder 20
Wallace, Mildred,
1925

Box 8: folder 21
Walsh, William,
1930, n.d.

Box 8: folder 22
Whitney, Janet,
1938, 1944, n.d.

Box 8: folder 23
Wright, Frank Lloyd,
1951, n.d.

Box 8: folder 24
Business,
1911-65, n.d.

Box 8: folder 25-26
SERIES III. ARTWORK, SPEECHES AND WRITINGS



Drawings and sculpture



Addams, Jane,
1935-40, n.d.

Box 9: folder 1
Boni, Giacomo



Photographs,
1923

Box 9: folder 2
Clippings and correspondence,
1923-53, n.d.

Box 9: folder 3
Bowen, Louise de Koven,
1948-49

Box 9: folder 4
Note:

[see also Oversize materials]

Carmack, Edward Ward



Photographs,
1924

Box 9: folder 5
Clippings and correspondence,
1911-62, n.d.

Box 9: folder 6
Clark, Charles Upson,
1952

Box 9: folder 7
Cushman, Charles T.,
1962

Box 9: folder 8
de Rivera, Primo,
1925-52

Box 9: folder 9
Evans, Rudolph,
1935

Box 9: folder 10
Ghandi, Mohandas K.,
1931, n.d.

Box 9: folder 11
Gould, Lawrence McKinley,
1931-32, 1950

Box 9: folder 12
Haubiel, Charles,
1929, n.d.

Box 9: folder 13
Mussolini, Benito,
1923-34

Box 9: folder 14
Pound, Ezra,
1921

Box 9: folder 15
Rismondo, Lidia,
1923

Box 9: folder 16
Miscellaneous,
1911-33, n.d.

Box 9: folder 17
Exhibit catalogs and advertisements,
1917-45

Box 9: folder 18
Writings



Note:

[see also SERIES I. BIOGRAPHCAL MATERIALS - De Bosis, Lauro; Ghandi, Mohandas K.; Pound, Ezra]

Boni, Giacomo,
1929

Box 9: folder 19
Mussolini, Benito,
1923-29

Box 9: folder 20
Peeps, The Really Truly Sunshine Fairy,
1918-19

Box 9: folder 21
Pleasant Days In Spain,
1927-28

Box 9: folder 21
Miscellaneous,
1917-60, n.d.

Box 9: folder 22
Radio broadcasts, interviews, and speeches,
1924-62

Box 9: folder 23
SERIES IV. PHOTOGRAPHS



Family



Cox family,
n.d.

Box 10: folder 1
Cushman



Charles A. and Magnola,
n.d.

Box 10: folder 2
Charles Thomas,
1949, 1962

Box 10: folder 3
Nancy Cox-McCormack,
1910-61, n.d.

Box 10: folder 4
Note:

[see also Oversize materials]

Friends and associates



Mussolini, Benito,
1923-24, n.d.

Box 10: folder 5
Pound family,
1923-37, n.d.

Box 10: folder 6
Shipley family,
1934-41, n.d.

Box 10: folder 7
Wright, Frank Lloyd family and homes,
1915, n.d.

Box 10: folder 8
Miscellaneous and unidentified,
1914-49, n.d.

Box 10: folder 9
Oversize Materials



Caballero de la Orden del Merito Civil (Spanish medal),
1930

Box 11
Bas relief of Louise deKoven Bowen mounted on wood,
1948

Box 11
Portrait of Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman painted by Christian Abrahamson,
1914

Box 12
Unidentified phonograph record


Flat File
Phi Gamma Mu certificate,
1928

Flat File
Photograph of Nancy Cox-McCormack Cushman with Rudolph Evans,
1936

Flat File
Music signed by Charles Haubiel,
1929

Flat File
Blueprint of fountain for Mrs. William Kenley,
1919

Flat File

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Addams, Jane, 1860-1935
  • Artists, American--Biography--Sources
  • Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958--Correspondence
  • Bernhardt, Sarah, 1844-1923
  • Bowen, Louise Hadduck de Koven, 1859-1953
  • Chicago (Ill.)--History--20th century--Sources
  • Cushman, Nancy Cox-McCormack, b. 1885
  • De Bosis, Lauro, 1901-1931
  • Europe--Description and travel--Sources
  • Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948
  • Gerstenberg, Alice
  • Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945
  • Pound, Dorothy--Correspondence
  • Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972
  • Primo de Rivera, Miguel, 1870-1930
  • Sculptors--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Sculpture, American--20th century
  • Women artists--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Women sculptors--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959


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