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American Council of Railroad Women Records, 1944-1977
18 boxes (10 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 345

Abstract:
An organization of women holding supervisory positions in railroad personnel and service. The records provide insight into the attitudes and motivations of a group of professional women organized for their mutual benefit at a time when most women had "jobs" rather than "careers." Material includes correspondence, minutes, reports, publications, photographs, scrapbooks, and other material which document its history and activities from its founding until 1977.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The records are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with no additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the records of the American Council of Railroad Women. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Historical Note

In 1944, a small group of women holding supervisory positions in railroad personnel and service held informal meetings in Chicago to discuss their changing roles in the railroad industry during wartime. Over the course of several meetings, they decided that they needed a permanent organization, and in September 1944 twenty-eight women voted to form the National Association of Railroad Women. (The name was changed to American Association of Railroad Women in 1952.) Unprepared by the railroads for promotions to management positions previously held by men, the women organized themselves "to provide a medium of exchange of ideas and experiences relative to our work; to discuss improvements in service and to plan for the better utilization of womanpower in railroading."

Fall Meeting of the American Council of Railroad Women in their silver anniversary year, 1968

Fall Meeting of the American Council of Railroad
Women in their silver anniversary year, 1968

Membership eligibility was originally limited to women holding personnel or passenger service positions. Later, it was extended to include women employed in the United States and Canada as corporate officers, assistants and secretaries to presidents, lawyers, magazine editors, engineers, traffic representatives, personnel supervisors, public relations staffs, special representatives, and special investigators.

The council's annual spring and fall meetings include the transaction of business, educational sessions, and entertainment. Throughout its history, the council consistently sought the approval of, and received support from, railroad management, which has contributed senior executives to the sessions as speakers and seminar leaders. Early reports and discussions covered such topics as "education of the travelling public" and "new and improved methods and equipment for cleaning both the exteriors and interiors of trains." Later meetings reflected the evolving membership interests, emphasizing legislative lobbying (including support for the Equal Rights Amendment), and such professional development topics as corporate decision making.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The records of the ACRW consist of ten linear feet of correspondence, minutes, reports, publications, photographs, scrapbooks, and other material documenting its history and activities from its founding until 1977. The records provide some insight into the attitudes and motivations of a group of professional women organized for their mutual benefit at a time when most women had "jobs" rather than "careers."

The bulk of the material consists of meeting minutes (including speeches and miscellaneous material distributed at meetings); and membership applications and correspondence. The codebooks, assembled by the Governing Committee as an easily-accessed information source, partially duplicate the minutes, as they are compilations of similar types of material. The officers' correspondence, which largely concerns meeting arrangements and membership eligibility and recruitment, is most complete for the 1950s and 1970s, fragmentary in the 1960s, and non-existent for the earliest years. The membership files reflect the involvement in membership matters of both the Governing Committee and Membership Committee. They include individuals considered for membership, as well as those who actually joined the ACRW.

The committee files are far from complete; apparently only scattered documentation of the Legislative, Publicity, and Public Relations committees has been retained. Other committees, including Archives, Service, Housing and Transportation, and Nominating, are represented only by their reports in the minutes.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The records are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with no additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the records of the American Council of Railroad Women. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

American Council of Railroad Women Records, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Betty Royon, ACRW member, arranged for the organization's donation of its records in 1972. Additional shipments arrived in 1973 and 1980. Prior to their donation, the records were in the custody of various ACRW historians and other officers.

Accruals:

Periodic additions to collection are expected.

Processing Information

Processed by Amy Hague, 1990.

Recent additions to this collection are unprocessed and are not reflected in the finding aid.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/emailform.html
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Series Descriptions
1945, 1948, 1956, 1971


This series consists of booklets compiling bylaws and roster (1945); constitution and bylaws (1948); and several typescripts of later amendments. The records are arranged chronologically. Other versions (1955-1973) are included in the Codebooks (Series II).

1955-73


The codebooks were compiled by the Governing Committee members to serve as a "useful tool for future Governing Committees". They include the constitution and bylaws; lists of officers; members and their status; financial transactions; and records of decisions and actions on everything from membership eligibility to the cost of gummed labels. The series is arranged chronologically.

1945-76


This series contains minutes of the Governing Committee, spring (or regional), and fall (or annual) meetings. Starting in 1973, the ACRW maintained related materials, such as programs, agendas, speeches, etc., in the minutes sequence. For pre-1973 materials of this sort, see the Meeting Files (series IV). The Governing Committee minutes also include agendas and memoranda; the general minutes include committee reports. The series is arranged chronologically.

1947-77


This series contains programs and menus; agendas; and correspondence about meeting arrangements and follow-up thank yous (1959, 1968-1977). From l973 on, materials of this sort are also maintained in the Minutes (Series III), resulting in some overlap between the series. The series is arranged chronologically.

1951-77


This series contains little material from the organization's earliest years and is fragmentary for the 1960s. The bulk of correspondence dates from the 1950s and 1970s. Juva Dennis' file was received as a unit and has been maintained as such. It contains her correspondence from the time she joined the ACRW in l969 through her tenures as secretary (1970-72), second vice-president (1972-73), member-at-large (1974-75), and president (1976-77). Her file may partially duplicate the separate secretary's and president's correspondence for her years in those offices. The files are arranged chronologically under each office.

1947-77


The files are arranged alphabetically by member or potential member name and include correspondence with or about that individual, applications, clippings, and a few photographs. It is unclear whether these files were maintained by various officers, the Governing Committee, the Membership Committee, or all of the above. This series also contains several folders of correspondence and miscellaneous items regarding membership in general. Membership matters are also addressed in the Officer's Correspondence (Series V).

1949-77


This series includes correspondence and related materials of the Legislative, Girl Scout Project, Public Relations, and Publicity committees, most of it from the 1970s. Many other ACRW committees, e.g., Service, Archives, and Finance, are represented only by their reports which appear in the minutes (Series III).

1967-77


The Bulletin is the irregular ACRW newsletter. Some issues are missing from the series.

1968


This series contains color snapshots, some black and white glossies, and a few slides of the 1968 spring and fall meetings. Photographs of a few individual members are found in the Member Files (Series VI). The Scrapbooks (Series X) include pre-1968 photographs.

1944-68


This series contains one long and several brief histories of the ACRW compiled between 1944 and 1956, as well as a short report of the first meeting in 1944, and five scrapbooks. Three were maintained by the Scrapbook Committee; two were compiled by individual members.

Contents List
Series I. CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS,
1945, 1948, 1956, 1971


Bylaws and roster,
1945

Box 1: folder 1
Constitution and amended bylaws,
1948

Box 1: folder 2
Bylaws amendments,
1956, 1971

Box 1: folder 3
Series II. CODEBOOKS,
1955-73


Codebook,
October 4, 1955


Revised pt. 1
1961,

Box 1: folder 4
Revised pt. 2
1961,

Box 1: folder 5
Revised pt. 1
1968,

Box 1: folder 6
Revised pt. 2
1968,

Box 1: folder 7
Revisions pt. 1
1970-73,

Box 1: folder 8
Revisions pt. 2
1970-73,

Box 1: folder 9
Series III. MINUTES,
1945-76


Governing Committee Minutes



1947/48-1955/56

Box 2: folder 1
1956/57-1960/61

Box 2: folder 2
1961/62-1964/65

Box 2: folder 3
1965/66-1969/70

Box 2: folder 4
1970/71-1974/75

Box 2: folder 5
1976/77

Box 2: folder 6
Miscellaneous minutes, agendas, and memoranda,
1956-59

Box 2: folder 7
General Minutes



First meeting,
March 15, 1945

Box 3: folder 1
Second meeting,
October 10-11, 1945

Box 3: folder 2
Eighth annual meeting,
1951

Box 3: folder 3
Regional and ninth annual meeting,
1952

Box 3: folder 4
Tenth annual meeting,
1953

Box 3: folder 5
Eleventh annual meeting,
1954

Box 3: folder 6
Twelfth annual meeting,
1955

Box 3: folder 7
Thirteenth annual meeting,
1956

Box 3: folder 8
Fourteenth annual meeting,
1957

Box 3: folder 9
Spring and fifteenth annual meetings,
1958

Box 4: folder 1
Sixteenth annual meeting,
1959

Box 4: folder 2
Seventeenth annual meeting,
1960

Box 4: folder 3
Spring and eighteenth annual meetings,
1961

Box 4: folder 4
Spring and nineteenth annual meetings,
1962

Box 4: folder 5
Twentieth annual meeting,
1963

Box 4: folder 6
Twenty-first annual meeting,
1964

Box 4: folder 7
Twenty-second annual meeting,
1965

Box 4: folder 8
Twenty-third annual meeting,
1966

Box 4: folder 9
Spring and twenty-fourth annual meetings,
1967

Box 4: folder 10
Spring and twenty-fifth annual meetings,
1968

Box 4: folder 11
Spring and twenty-sixth annual meetings,
1969

Box 5: folder 1
Spring and twenty-seventh annual meetings,
1970

Box 5: folder 2
Spring and twenty-eighth annual meetings,
1971

Box 5: folder 3
Spring and twenty-ninth annual meetings,
1972

Box 5: folder 4
Spring and thirtieth annual meetings,
1973

Box 5: folder 5
Spring and thirty-first annual meetings,
1974

Box 5: folder 6
Thirty-second annual meeting,
1975

Box 5: folder 7
Thirty-third annual meeting committee reports,
1976

Box 5: folder 8
Series IV: MEETING FILES,
1947-77


Programs and menus,
1947-55

Box 6: folder 1
Programs and menus,
1956-58

Box 6: folder 2
Spring meeting,
1959

Box 6: folder 3
Annual meeting,
1959

Box 6: folder 4
Programs and menus,
1960-67

Box 6: folder 5
Silver anniversary meeting,
1968

Box 6: folder 6
Spring meeting,
1969

Box 6: folder 7
Annual meeting,
1969

Box 6: folder 8
Spring meeting,
1970

Box 6: folder 9
Annual meeting,
1970

Box 6: folder 10
Spring meeting,
1971

Box 6: folder 11
Annual meeting,
1971

Box 6: folder 12
Spring meeting,
1972

Box 7: folder 1
Annual meeting,
1972

Box 7: folder 2
Spring meeting,
1973

Box 7: folder 3
Annual meeting,
1973

Box 7: folder 4
Annual meeting,
1974

Box 7: folder 5
Annual meeting,
1977, n.d.

Box 7: folder 6
Series V: OFFICERS' CORRESPONDENCE,
1951-77


President



1951-57

Box 8: folder 1
Jan-Jul, 1958

Box 8: folder 2
Aug-Dec, 1958

Box 8: folder 3
1959

Box 8: folder 4
1960-76

Box 8: folder 5
n.d.

Box 8: folder 6
Juva Dennis



1969-75

Box 8: folder 7
1976-77

Box 8: folder 8
Secretary



1960, 1968-69

Box 9: folder 1
1970

Box 9: folder 2
1971-72

Box 9: folder 3
1973-74

Box 9: folder 4
1975

Box 9: folder 5
1976

Box 9: folder 6
Treasurer's reports and correspondence,
1957-59, 1972-77

Box 9: folder 7
Series VI: MEMBERSHIP APPLICATIONS AND CORRESPONDENCE,
1947-77


A-E


Box 10: folder 1
Andrews, Iva


Box 10: folder 2
Arbuthnot, Gene


Box 10: folder 3
Arehart, Marjorie


Box 10: folder 4
Armistead, Anne


Box 10: folder 5
Beauchamp, Lily


Box 10: folder 6
Beckham, Ioan


Box 10: folder 7
Beebe, Jane


Box 10: folder 8
Bernhagen, Edna


Box 10: folder 9
Bock, Emma


Box 10: folder 10
Boeckman, Alison


Box 10: folder 11
Boehm, Berenece


Box 10: folder 12
Boyden, Laura


Box 10: folder 13
Brown, Lu


Box 10: folder 14
Brundick, Matilda


Box 10: folder 15
Burchard, Lauretta


Box 10: folder 16
Canavan, Betty


Box 10: folder 17
Caplinger, Norma Jean


Box 10: folder 18
Carroll, Kathleen


Box 10: folder 19
Churchill, Phyllis


Box 10: folder 20
Clarke, Grace


Box 10: folder 21
Cobb, Harriet


Box 10: folder 22
Cook, Ruth


Box 10: folder 23
Copper, Joyce


Box 10: folder 24
Cosentino, Mary


Box 10: folder 25
Creagan, Helen


Box 10: folder 26
Croy, Frances


Box 10: folder 27
Cullen, Mary Louise


Box 10: folder 28
Cummings, Lenora


Box 10: folder 29
Darney, Elizabeth


Box 10: folder 30
Dennis, Juva


Box 10: folder 31
Dennis, Olive


Box 10: folder 32
DeVille, Inez


Box 10: folder 33
Dobes, Minnie


Box 10: folder 34
Donahue, Alice


Box 10: folder 35
Dorsett, Mary


Box 10: folder 36
Drechsler, Mildred


Box 10: folder 37
Dugan, Marjorie


Box 10: folder 38
Elvert, Vera


Box 10: folder 39
Entringer, Rosemary


Box 10: folder 40
Evans, Freda


Box 10: folder 41
F-K


Box 11: folder 1
Ferguson, Elva


Box 11: folder 2
Fleming, Ruth


Box 11: folder 3
Forrest, Neoma


Box 11: folder 4
Forsythe, Cora


Box 11: folder 5
Fratesi, Louise


Box 11: folder 6
Frazier, Gwen


Box 11: folder 7
Gallagher, Catherine


Box 11: folder 8
Gannon, Eileen


Box 11: folder 9
Giles, Louise


Box 11: folder 10
Gilpatrick, Jean


Box 11: folder 11
Giroux, Alice


Box 11: folder 12
Glafcke, Leona


Box 11: folder 13
Glasper, Esther


Box 11: folder 14
Gleason, Margaret


Box 11: folder 15
Glover, Marjorie


Box 11: folder 16
Goetz, Cecilia


Box 11: folder 17
Gordon, Mary Louise


Box 11: folder 18
Gray, Eleanor


Box 11: folder 19
Griffin, Katherine


Box 11: folder 20
Gross, Kathy Ann


Box 11: folder 21
Haney, Elizabeth


Box 11: folder 22
Harker, Marjorie


Box 11: folder 23
Helm, Geraldine


Box 11: folder 24
Hickman, Anne


Box 11: folder 25
Hill, Ruby


Box 11: folder 26
Hirst, Margaret


Box 11: folder 27
Hoffman, Maralouise


Box 11: folder 28
Holden, Margaret


Box 11: folder 29
Holloway, Ethylene


Box 11: folder 30
Hotton, Marie


Box 11: folder 31
Howard, Dorothy


Box 11: folder 32
Huedepohl, Helen


Box 11: folder 33
Hughes, Beverly


Box 11: folder 34
Hurley, Mary Ann


Box 11: folder 35
Irwin, Margaret


Box 11: folder 36
Jakeway, Mildred


Box 11: folder 37
Kasiurak, Patricia


Box 11: folder 38
Kehoe, Margaret


Box 11: folder 39
Kelly, Anna


Box 11: folder 40
Kezerian, Jennifer


Box 11: folder 41
Ketchin, Ansley


Box 11: folder 42
Keyes, Doris


Box 11: folder 43
Kluckhohn, Irene


Box 11: folder 44
Koch, Anna


Box 11: folder 45
Kowalczyk, Marie


Box 11: folder 46
Krimmel, Frances


Box 11: folder 47
Kyle, Charlotte


Box 11: folder 48
L-P


Box 12: folder 1
Labahn, Mary


Box 12: folder 2
LaBoon, Catherine


Box 12: folder 3
LaChance, E.


Box 12: folder 4
Lane, Angela


Box 12: folder 5
Lane, Goldie


Box 12: folder 6
Lee, Charleen


Box 12: folder 7
Lewis, Gertrude


Box 12: folder 8
Liebman, Diane


Box 12: folder 9
Logue, Dorothy


Box 12: folder 10
Mahan, Mary


Box 12: folder 11
Mahoney, Ruth


Box 12: folder 12
Mathews, Annette


Box 12: folder 13
Mavis, Vera


Box 12: folder 14
McDonald, Vee


Box 12: folder 15
McFie, Amelia


Box 12: folder 16
McKinney, Marion


Box 12: folder 17
McLaughlin, Margaret


Box 12: folder 18
McMulkin, Kathryn


Box 12: folder 19
Meehan, Marjorie


Box 12: folder 20
Meilleur, Frances


Box 12: folder 21
Merrill, Grace


Box 12: folder 22
Merriman, Catherine


Box 12: folder 23
Milhelm, Carolyn


Box 12: folder 24
Miller, Stella


Box 12: folder 25
Mitchell, Amy


Box 12: folder 26
Moore, Martha


Box 12: folder 27
Morasco, Lois


Box 12: folder 28
Morecock, Thelma


Box 12: folder 29
Murdock, Ruth


Box 12: folder 30
Myers, Wanda


Box 12: folder 31
O'Mara, C.


Box 12: folder 32
Parker, Irene


Box 12: folder 33
Patton, Janet


Box 12: folder 34
Pechtel, Dorothy


Box 12: folder 35
Perkins, Elaine


Box 12: folder 36
Peterson, Helen


Box 12: folder 37
Peterson, Irene


Box 12: folder 38
Petterson, Elsie


Box 12: folder 39
Phelon, Marjorie


Box 12: folder 40
Phillips, Esther


Box 12: folder 41
Porter, Hazel


Box 12: folder 42
Power, Evelyn


Box 12: folder 43
Poynter, Wandaleen


Box 12: folder 44
Prall, Inez


Box 12: folder 45
Prond, Lillian


Box 12: folder 46
Pulaski, Marie


Box 12: folder 47
R-Z


Box 13: folder 1
Randall, Charlotte


Box 13: folder 2
Reitz, Joan


Box 13: folder 3
Richardson, Ellen


Box 13: folder 4
Rieder, Martha


Box 13: folder 5
Rieke, Irene


Box 13: folder 6
Reilly, Virginia


Box 13: folder 7
Reynolds, Grace


Box 13: folder 8
Robinson, Betsy


Box 13: folder 9
Rogers, Carolyn


Box 13: folder 10
Ross, Lillian


Box 13: folder 11
Royon, Betty


Box 13: folder 12
Sadler, Jean


Box 13: folder 13
Sargent, Liz


Box 13: folder 14
Sheahan, Madeleine


Box 13: folder 15
Silverman, Sheila


Box 13: folder 16
Smilie, Emily


Box 13: folder 17
Soltes, Cynthia


Box 13: folder 18
Stanley, Priscilla


Box 13: folder 19
Stevenson, Ann


Box 13: folder 20
Stivers, Margaret


Box 13: folder 21
Stone, Edith


Box 13: folder 22
Stone, Shirley


Box 13: folder 23
Streza, Martha


Box 13: folder 24
Sullivan, Catherine


Box 13: folder 25
Swallow, Geraldine


Box 13: folder 26
Tanner, Virginia


Box 13: folder 27
Tartas, Elizabeth


Box 13: folder 28
Tuczkus, Ann


Box 13: folder 29
Vaupotic, Virginia


Box 13: folder 30
Walker, Josephine


Box 13: folder 31
Walker, Mary


Box 13: folder 32
Warden, Louise


Box 13: folder 33
Wetterlin, Ruth


Box 13: folder 34
Whitney, Jane


Box 13: folder 35
Williams, Hazel


Box 13: folder 36
Williams, Marie


Box 13: folder 37
Wilson, Nora


Box 13: folder 38
Winslow, Isobel


Box 13: folder 39
Yarwood, Margaret


Box 13: folder 40
Zack, Lucille


Box 13: folder 41
General correspondence



1953-57

Box 14: folder 1
1967-1971

Box 14: folder 2
1975-1977

Box 14: folder 3
Rosters and other lists,
1957-77, n.d.

Box 14: folder 4
Survey,
1975

Box 14: folder 5
Forms and miscellaneous


Box 14: folder 6
Series VII: COMMITTEES,
1949-77


Committee chairs,
1968-69

Box 14: folder 7
Legislative Committee



America's Sound Transportation Review Organization (ASTRO),
1971-73, n.d.

Box 14: folder 8
ERA Resolution and International Women's Year Commission,
1975-76

Box 14: folder 9
Dam and Lock Resolution,
1976

Box 14: folder 10
Coal Slurry Resolution,
1976-77

Box 14: folder 11
Miscellaneous,
1952, n.d.

Box 14: folder 12
Public Relations Committee



Reports and correspondence,
1973, n.d.

Box 14: folder 13
Operation Lifesaver,
1976

Box 14: folder 14
Publicity Committee



Press releases and clippings,
1949-69

Box 14: folder 15
Press releases, clippings, and correspondence,
1972-77

Box 14: folder 16
Girl Scout Project Committee,
n.d.

Box 14: folder 17
Series VIII: PUBLICATIONS,
1967-77


ACRW Bulletin



Nov 15, 1967-Dec 8, 1970

Box 15: folder 1
Jan 13, 1971-Dec 1973

Box 15: folder 2
Jan 1974-Dec 1975

Box 15: folder 3
Feb 13, 1976-Aug 1977

Box 15: folder 4
Series IX: PHOTOGRAPHS,
1968


Spring meeting,
1968

Box 16: folder 1
Fall meeting, reception and banquet,
1968

Box 16: folder 2
Fall meeting,
1968

Box 16: folder 3
Series X: HISTORY,
1944-68


"Docket Report" (first meeting of railroad industry women),
1944

Box 16: folder 4
Brief histories,
1949, n.d.

Box 16: folder 5
"History of the National Association of Railroad Women" (additions "history of ACRW," 1952 on),
1944-56

Box 16: folder 6
Scrapbooks



Volume I,
1949-59

Box 17
Volume II,
1959-63

Box 17
Volume III,
1963-68

Box 18
(kept by Virginia Vaupotic)
1948-54

Box 18
(kept by Marion McKinney)
1948-53

Box 18

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • American Council of Railroad Women--History--Sources
  • Railroads--Employees--History--Sources
  • Women in the professions--History--20th century--Sources
  • Women railroad employees--History--Sources


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