Five College Archives and Manuscript
                        Collections
Home >> Sophia Smith Collection >> Headmistresses Association of the East Records, 1910-1983
Smith College seal
Headmistresses Association of the East Records, 1910 - 1990
20 boxes (9.25 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 369

Abstract:
Professional organization. The purpose of this organization was to provide an opportunity for the furtherance of mutual acquaintance among heads of secondary or elementary schools for the exchange of ideas and advancement of standards. The collection provides insight into the educational and social philosophy of private education in America. Materials include correspondence, proceedings, membership applications, memoranda, and reports.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

With the exceptions of the Board of Directors minutes and the membership applications, both of which are closed for 40 years from the date of creation, all material is open according to the rules of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the records of the Headmistresses Association of the East. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Historical Note
Section of letter to potential members of the newly-formed Headmistress's Association of the East, November 16, 1910

Section of letter to potential members of the newly-formed
Headmistress's Association of the East, November 16, 1910

The Headmistresses Association of the East (HMAE) was founded in 1911 by a group of headmistresses of schools in the Boston, New York, and Philadelphia areas. Agnes Irwin, dean of Radcliffe College, was the first president, serving until her death in 1914. Membership is open to the heads of girls and co-educational schools in New England and in other states on the Atlantic seaboard. The purposes of the organization are "to provide an opportunity for the furtherance of mutual acquaintance among heads of secondary or elementary schools...for the interchange of ideas of common interest or looking toward the advancement of standards...[and to provide] assistance to any head or teacher, active or retired."

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Records of the Headmistresses Association of the East consist of 10 linear feet of correspondence, financial records, proceedings, membership applications, memoranda, and reports. They span the years 1910 to 1983, and provide a good record of the activities of the association as well as insight into the educational and social philosophy of private education in America.

The most informative material is contained is the first three series. There were several by-laws issues regarding a name change to allow headmasters of girls' schools to become active members (the name of the organization remained the same, but the word "head" was substituted in the by-laws). The minutes, agenda, and proceedings contain a complete record of the private and public activities of the HMAE. Among the most important committee activities were the establishment of academic standards for member schools and professional standards for their faculty (especially salary guidelines). In addition the Academic Standards Committee in 1934 requested members to state their educational philosophy. The resulting set of essays, "The Educational Faith That I Hold," provides an interesting historical look at some individual educational philosophies. Through its Irwin Memorial Fund and its Relief of Unemployed Teachers Committee the organization helped needy members, especially in the years before Social Security and school-sponsored retirement programs.

This collection is organized into four series:


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

With the exceptions of the Board of Directors minutes and the membership applications, both of which are closed for 40 years from the date of creation, all material is open according to the rules of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the records of the Headmistresses Association of the East. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission must be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use."

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Headmistresses Association of the East Records, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

The records were donated in June 1990 through the efforts of Agathe Crouter, headmistress of the Hewitt School and Evelyn J. Halpert, headmistress of the Brearley School and president of the HMAE.

Accruals:

Periodic additions to collection are expected.

Processing Information

Processed by Susan Boone, 1991.

Recent additions to this collection are unprocessed and not reflected in the finding aid.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Series Descriptions
(1910-1970)
.12 linear feet

This series contains incorporation material (1910-14, 1944-54) and constitution and by-laws (1911-70).

(1910-1980)
4.5 linear feet

This series contains minutes and agenda of Board of Directors meetings (1911-77) and proceedings, correspondence, and printed material related to the association's annual and biennial meetings (1910-80).

(1914-1972)
2 linear feet

Scope and content:

This series contains material related to the President and Board of Directors, Secretary, Treasurer, and twenty-two committees that have been active at various times between 1914 and 1972.

Arrangement:

The committees are arranged alphabetically by title.

(1914-1983)
3.5 linear feet

Scope and content:

Although membership is personal rather than institutional, the association kept these records by school name. This series contains membership applications and related correspondence for applicants from 126 private schools. These files include supporting information such as personal recommendations, statistics and general information about the schools. There are also some school catalogs.

Arrangement:

The files are arranged alphabetically by school.

Restrictions on access:

Membership applications less than 40 years old are CLOSED

Contents List
SERIES I. ORGANIZATION
(1910-1970)


Incorporation material,
1910-14, 1944-54

Box 1: folder 1
Constitution and by-laws,
1911-70

Box 1: folder 2
SERIES II. MEETINGS
(1910-1980)


Arrangement:

This series is arranged chronologically.

Board of Directors: minutes and agenda,
1911-77

Box 1: folder 3-10
Restrictions on access:

Minutes less than 40 years old are CLOSED

Annual and biennial meetings: proceedings, correspondence, printed material



1910-25

Box 2: folder 1-12
1926-37

Box 3: folder 1-12
1938-47

Box 4: folder 1-10
1948-54

Box 5: folder 1-7
1955-59

Box 6: folder 1-5
1960-65

Box 7: folder 1-6
1966-69

Box 8: folder 1-4
1970-80

Box 9: folder 1-11
SERIES III. COMMITTEES AND OFFICERS
(1914-1972)


Officers



President and Board of Directors: correspondence, memoranda,
1914-71

Box 10: folder 1-4
Secretary: duties,
n.d.

Box 10: folder 5
Treasurer



Annual financial audits,
1920-72

Box 10: folder 6-9
Correspondence,
1944-68

Box 10: folder 10
Committees



Instructions for chairmen, members,
1947, n.d.

Box 10: folder 11
Academic Standards



Correspondence, reports, forms,
1934-40, n.d.

Box 10: folder 12
"The Educational Faith That I Hold,"
1934

Box 10: folder 13
Administrative Problems: report, correspondence,
1937, 1942

Box 11: folder 1
Apprentice Teachers: reports, correspondence,
1937, n.d.

Box 11: folder 2
By-laws Revision: reports, correspondence, questionnaires,
1945-46, 1965, n.d.

Box 11: folder 3
College Board Delegate,
1921-28, 1957-59, 1972

Box 11: folder 4
Committee to Study Current Practices in Physical Education and Music: reports,
n.d.

Box 11: folder 5
Fine Arts: reports, questionnaire,
1930-31

Box 11: folder 6
Forms (contracts): correspondence, forms,
1916-44

Box 11: folder 7
Information Blank: forms, reports,
1927-30

Box 11: folder 8
Insurance and Pension: correspondence,
1916

Box 11: folder 9
Irwin Memorial (SEE ALSO Relief of Unemployed Teachers Committee): correspondence, reports,
1915-18, 1939-70, n.d.

Box 11: folder 10
Joint Committee on Interchange of Teachers: correspondence, reports,
1922-45, n.d.

Box 11: folder 11
Mathematics Conference: correspondence, reports,
1933-43

Box 11: folder 12



Correspondence,
1919-1976, n.d.

Box 12: folder 1-6
Reports, miscellaneous,
1920-72, n.d.

Box 12: folder 7
Nominating: correspondence, miscellaneous,
1919, 1937-57

Box 13: folder 1
Professional Standards



Correspondence,
1937-71

Box 13: folder 2
Reports, questionnaires, forms,
1918-24

Box 13: folder 3
Public Issues: report, correspondence,
1918-24

Box 13: folder 4
Public Relations: memoranda, correspondence,
1937, 1947

Box 13: folder 5
Salaries,
1922-26

Box 13: folder 6
Scholarship (mathematics teachers): announcements, statistics,
1954-55, n.d.

Box 13: folder 7
Study on New Type Examinations in Mathematics: report, correspondence,
1928, n.d.

Box 13: folder 8
Relief of Unemployed Teachers: correspondence, reports,
1934-66

Box 13: folder 9
SERIES IV. MEMBERSHIP
(1914-1983)


Abbot Academy,
1936-72

Box 14: folder 1
Agnes Irwin School,
1940-49, 1962

Box 14: folder 2
Albany Academy for Girls,
1927-42, 1966-70

Box 14: folder 3
Ashley Hall,
1939-50

Box 14: folder 4
Bancroft School,
1938-57

Box 14: folder 5
Barnard School for Girls,
1948-71

Box 14: folder 6
Beard's School,
1929-71

Box 14: folder 7
Beaver Country Day School,
1966-72

Box 14: folder 8
Bergen School,
1954-55

Box 14: folder 9
Berkeley Institute,
1947, 1969

Box 14: folder 10
Birch Wathen School,
1967

Box 14: folder 11
Bishop's School,
1954

Box 14: folder 12
Brearley,
1939-40

Box 14: folder 13
Brimmer and May School,
1942-81

Box 14: folder 14
Brookside School,
1967-73

Box 14: folder 15
Buckingham School,
1936-64

Box 14: folder 16
Buffalo Seminary,
1952-74

Box 14: folder 17
Calhoun School,
1918-69

Box 14: folder 18
Cathedral School of St. Mary,
1935-37

Box 14: folder 19
Charleton School,
1914

Box 14: folder 20
Chatham Hall,
1934-71

Box 14: folder 21
Chestnut Hill School,
1927-34

Box 14: folder 22
Columbia School,
1938-63

Box 14: folder 23
Concord Academy,
1940-63

Box 14: folder 24
Convent of the Sacred Heart,
1970-71

Box 14: folder 25
Dana Hall School,
1938-80

Box 15: folder 1
Day Prospect Hill School,
1960-63

Box 15: folder 2
Day School,
1947

Box 15: folder 3
Dwight School,
1961-71

Box 15: folder 4
Ellis School,
1971

Box 15: folder 5
Emma Willard School,
1942-74

Box 15: folder 6
Ethel Walker School,
1958, 1972

Box 15: folder 7
Ferry Hall,
1945

Box 15: folder 8
Foxcroft School,
1954-80

Box 15: folder 9
Fox Hollow School,
1970-71

Box 15: folder 10
Garrison Forrest School,
1929-61

Box 15: folder 11
Gill School,
1952-1963

Box 15: folder 12
Girls Latin School,
1930-45

Box 15: folder 13
Greens Farms Academy,
1972

Box 15: folder 14
Greenwich Academy,
1972

Box 15: folder 15
Greenwood School,
1938

Box 15: folder 16
Halsted School,
1942-68

Box 15: folder 17
Hammonasset School,
1972-73

Box 15: folder 18
Hannah More Academy,
1960

Box 16: folder 1
Hartridge School,
1952

Box 16: folder 2
Hewitt School,
1947-73

Box 16: folder 3
Hewlett School of East Islip,
1966-72

Box 16: folder 4
Holton Arms School,
1930-47

Box 16: folder 5
House in the Pines,
1919-44

Box 16: folder 6
Howard School for Girls,
1959-65

Box 16: folder 7
Kent Place School,
1926-53

Box 16: folder 8
Kimberley School,
1950-65

Box 16: folder 9
Kingswood School,
1936-50

Box 16: folder 10
Lankenau School, l960


Box 16: folder 11
Laurel School,
1929, 1962

Box 16: folder 12
Lenox School,
1919-58

Box 16: folder 13
Lincoln School,
1930-49, 1953

Box 16: folder 14
Louisville Collegiate School,
1939-49

Box 16: folder 15
Low-Heyward School,
1964

Box 16: folder 16
MacDuffie School for Girls,
1965-83

Box 16: folder 17
Madeira School,
1913-77

Box 16: folder 18
Maret School,
1950-52

Box 16: folder 19
Mary C. Wheeler School,
1954-55

Box 16: folder 20
Marymount School of New York,
1970-73

Box 16: folder 21
Masters School,
1923-71

Box 16: folder 22
Meadowbrook School,
1948-49

Box 17: folder 1
Milton Academy,
1928-50

Box 17: folder 2
Miss Fine's School,
1943-44

Box 17: folder 3
Miss Gill's School,
1947

Box 17: folder 4
Miss Hall's School,
1967

Box 17: folder 5


Box 17: folder 5
Miss Porter's School,
1953-55

Box 17: folder 6
Moravian Seminary,
1951-68

Box 17: folder 7
Mount Vernon Seminary,
1938-69

Box 17: folder 8
Nashoba Country Day School ,
1966-81

Box 17: folder 9
National Cathedral School,
1950-68

Box 17: folder 10
Nightingale-Bamford School,
1927-71

Box 17: folder 11
Northampton School for Girls,
1927-71

Box 17: folder 12
Northfield Mount Hermon School,
1962-80

Box 17: folder 13
Oldfields School,
1962

Box 17: folder 14
Oxford School,
1942-62

Box 17: folder 15
Phebe Anna Thorne School,
1928

Box 17: folder 16
Pingree School,
1966-74

Box 17: folder 17
Potomac School,
1939-75

Box 17: folder 18
Professional Children's School,
1948-60

Box 18: folder 1
Prospect Hill Country Day School,
1938-72

Box 18: folder 2
Prospect Hill School,
1937-51

Box 18: folder 3
Riverdale Country School,
1947, 1957

Box 18: folder 4
Rogers Hall,
1942-72

Box 18: folder 5
Roland Park Country School,
1950-75

Box 18: folder 6
Rosemary Hall,
1958-77

Box 18: folder 7
St. Agnes School Albany, NY,
1930-70

Box 18: folder 8
St. Agnes School, Alexandria, VA,
1951-77

Box 18: folder 9
St. Anne's School,
1952-73

Box 18: folder 10
St. Catherine's School,
1934-65

Box 18: folder 11
St. Hilda's School,
1954-55

Box 18: folder 12
St. John the Baptist School,
1950-72

Box 18: folder 13
St. Katherine's School,
1943

Box 19: folder 1
St. Margaret's School, Rappahonnock, VA,
1950-51

Box 19: folder 2
St. Margaret's School, Waterbury, CT,
1950-51

Box 19: folder 3
St. Mary's Hall,
1953-75

Box 19: folder 4
St. Mary's in the Mountains,
1946-59

Box 19: folder 5
St. Mary's School,
1960-72

Box 19: folder 6
St. Paul's School for Girls,
1975-76

Box 19: folder 7
St. Timothy's School,
1964

Box 19: folder 8
Salem Academy,
1962

Box 19: folder 9
Sandia School,
1941-42

Box 19: folder 10
Sanford Schools,
1964-75

Box 19: folder 11
Seven Hills School,
1971

Box 19: folder 12
Shady Hill School,
1927-63

Box 19: folder 13
Shipley School,
1913-75

Box 19: folder 14
Springside School,
1959-70

Box 19: folder 15
Stevens School,
1954-69

Box 19: folder 16
Stoneleigh-Burnham School,
1969-75

Box 19: folder 17
Storm King School,
1980

Box 20: folder 1
Stuart Hall,
1955-56, 1972

Box 20: folder 2
Tenacre School,
1944-45

Box 20: folder 3
Town School,
1970

Box 20: folder 4
Tudor Hall School,
1931-41

Box 20: folder 5
Vail-Deane School,
1942-65

Box 20: folder 6
Walnut Hill School,
1953-73

Box 20: folder 7
Westbridge School,
1954

Box 20: folder 8
Westover School,
1964-68

Box 20: folder 9
Williams School,
1978

Box 20: folder 10
Winchester-Thurston School,
1979

Box 20: folder 11
Winsor School,
1916-39

Box 20: folder 12
Wykeham Rise School,
1965-80

Box 20: folder 13

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Women--Education--United States--History--Sources
  • Education--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Headmistresses Association of the East--History--Sources
  • Private schools--United States--History--Sources
  • School principals--Organizations--History--Sources


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
Home | Help | About | Search