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Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers, 1920-1966
2 boxes (.75 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 2

Abstract:
Lawyer, judge, suffragist, and pacifist. Allen's papers reflect her career as the first woman judge of a state supreme court and the first woman appointed as a federal judge, as well as her work in the Ohio suffrage and peace movements. Also included are the writings of Florence's mother, Corinne Tuckerman Allen, who was a member of the first class admitted to Smith College. Tuckerman Allen advocated sexual morality, monogamy and family relationships and organized for the Congress of Mothers.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

The copyright owner of this collection is unknown. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Florence Ellinwood Allen was born on March 23, 1884 in Salt Lake City. Her mother, Corinne Tuckerman, was a member of the first class admitted to Smith College. Her father, Clarence Emir Allen, was a professor of Latin and Greek at Western Reserve University and placed a strong emphasis on education. Florence took an interest in books from a young age, and her father once said, "If Florence were a boy, I'd make a lawyer out of her." A gifted pianist, Allen moved to Berlin after high school to study music and work as a music critic. She returned to the United States and attended the University of Chicago. In 1913, she received an L.L.B. from New York University Law School.

Florence Ellinwood Allen, Judge United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, 1940

Florence Ellinwood Allen, Judge United States
Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, 1940

Allen started her own legal practice in Cleveland, Ohio and was active in the women's suffrage movement. She was the attorney for the Cleveland Woman Suffrage Party and became the first woman to argue before a supreme court, winning a municipal suffrage case in Ohio. She was also active in the Peace Movement in the 1920s. In 1920, the first year women were constitutionally guaranteed the right to vote, she was elected as judge of the Court of Common Pleas, becoming the first woman in history to be elected to a judicial office. In 1922, she was elected to the Ohio Supreme Court, making her the first woman to serve as a judge of the highest court of a state. She served as an Ohio Supreme Court Judge for almost twelve years and in 1934, President Roosevelt appointed her to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. No woman had previously been appointed to the United States Court of Appeals.

Judge Allen was a popular lecturer and published several books, including Patris, The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation, and This Constitution of Ours. She was an outspoken opponent of war and wrote extensively on the topic. She was also interested in international law and was a strong advocate for the International Court. She received numerous honors and awards in her lifetime, including honorary degrees from twenty-five colleges and universities, the National Achievement Award in 1938, the Order of the Coif in 1955 by George Washington University, and a citation for advancing the status of women in the legal profession from the National Association of Women Lawyers. In 1959, a portrait of Judge Allen was given to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in honor of her contribution to the law. Judge Allen died at the age of eighty-two in her home in Cleveland, Ohio on September 12, 1966.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Florence Ellinwood Allen papers consist of .75 linear feet of biographical material, awards, articles, addresses, correspondence, and photographs. The collection also includes writings of her mother Corinne Tuckerman Allen, one of the first students admitted to Smith College (1874) and organizer of the Congress of Mothers (1916), about her work for sexual morality, monogamy, family relationships in Utah, and the Congress of Mothers. Additionally, there are several speeches and articles written by Florence Allen on topics ranging from the status of women in the legal profession to international law and human rights. There are two books written by Allen: Patris and The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

The copyright owner of this collection is unknown. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

"Florence Ellinwood Allen Papers", Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Florence Ellinwood Allen donated this material to the Sophia Smith Collection from 1962 to 1966.

Processing Information

Finding aid revised in 2002 by Brook Hopkins, intern.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email Reference Form: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/emailform.html
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Contents


Box 1: folder 1
Allen, Corinne Tuckerman (mother of F.E. Allen): writings and correspondence
1856-1931

Box 1: folder 2
Biography



Articles about F.E. Allen


Box 1: folder 3
Obituary
1966

Box 1: folder 4
Clippings about F.E. Allen


Box 1: folder 5
Correspondence: Janet Wilson (to and from)
1956

Box 1: folder 6
Honors


Box 1: folder 7
Photographs (12)


Box 1: folder 8
Retirement: clippings


Box 1: folder 9
Speeches and articles
1925-1960

Box 1: folder 10
Books



Allen, Florence Ellinwood. Patris (Cleveland, 1908)
1908

Box 1
Allen, Florence Ellinwood. The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation (New York, 1952)
1952

Box 1
Oversize Materials



Framed photographic portrait of Florence Ellinwood Allen


Box 2

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Allen, Corinne Tuckerman, 1865-1931
  • Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966
  • National Congress of Mothers--History--Sources
  • Women judges--United States
  • Women lawyers--United States
  • Women--Suffrage--United States--History--Sources


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