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Frances Rich Papers, 1912-1980
5 boxes (2.75 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 129

Abstract:
Sculptor; Director, Smith College Public Relations; and Officer, United States Naval Reserve, World War II. Focuses primarily on her career as a sculptor, with a small amount of material on her work (as student and staff) at Smith College and in U.S. Navy. Material includes correspondence, biographical articles, research files, clippings, exhibit catalogs (sculptures of notable people), posters, scrapbooks, and photographs.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restriction. Copyright to materials created by Frances Rich is owned by her estate. Copyright to materials created by persons other than Frances Rich may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Sophia Smith Collection
Smith College
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note
Frances Rich working on a bust of  Diego Rivera while Rivera works on a painting of Frances Rich, 1941

Frances Rich working on a bust of Diego Rivera while Rivera
works on a painting of Frances Rich, 1941

Irene Frances Luther Rich was born in Spokane, Washington, on 8 January 1910. She was named after her mother, Irene Frances Luther (film actress Irene Rich), but used Frances Rich to avoid confusion. She was educated in Swiss schools and at the School for Girls in Santa Barbara, California. She received a B.A. from Smith College in 1931 with a major in English Literature.

In the years following her graduation, Rich appeared in a number of Hollywood films and on stage. In 1933 she met sculptor, Malvina Hoffman, and studied with her in Paris for two years. When she returned to the U.S. Rich did intensive work at the Boston Museum School and established her own studio in New York City. Between 1937 and 1940 she was a resident student at Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, where she met sculptor Carl Milles, with whom she worked for the next eighteen years.

When the United States entered World War II, Rich began work as a mechanical draftsman at Lockheed Aircraft in Burbank, California. In 1942 she joined the Women's Reserve of the U.S. Navy as a Junior Grade Lieutenant, graduating in the first class of women at the Officer's Training School at Smith College. She was posted to Washington, D.C. and became the National Director of Publicity for "V" Mail and traveling speaker for the Director of the WAVES. When she was discharged at the end of the war, Rich held the rank of Lt. Commander and received a citation for outstanding service from the Chief of Naval Personnel.

Following the war she did graduate work at Scripps College working with sculptor Albert Stewart, and at Columbia University. In 1947 she became the first Director of Public Relations at Smith College, a post she held until 1950 when she resigned to return to her art work. Rich has been featured in many publications and has exhibited in major art centers. Her works include portrait busts, wall and door panels, plaques and medallions, drawings, and statues. Subjects of her portrait busts include Alice Stone Blackwell, Lotte Lehmann, Margaret Sanger, Diego Rivera, and Katharine Hepburn. She also sculpted the Army-Navy Nurse Monument in Arlington National Cemetery in Washington, D.C. Much of her work is religious in nature and includes statues of St. Francis of Assisi, St. Joseph, Christ of the Sacred Heart, Our Lady of Combermere, St. Catherine of Siena, and various Madonnas. Rich established studios in California, and Payson, Arizona.

Frances Rich died at her home in Payson, Arizona, on October 14, 2007

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Frances Rich Papers focus primarily on her professional career as a sculptor, but include a small amount of material about her work as Public Relations Director at Smith College and her service in the U.S. Navy during World War II. The Papers are arranged in three series:

  • SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS
  • SERIES II. ARTWORK
  • SERIES III. PHOTOGRAPHS

Types of material include correspondence, articles and clippings, memorabilia, photographs, exhibit catalogs, posters, and scrapbooks. Photographs are located in both SERIES II and III.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Restrictions on use:

The papers are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection without any additional restriction. Copyright to materials created by Frances Rich is owned by her estate. Copyright to materials created by persons other than Frances Rich may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Frances Rich Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

History of the Collection

Frances Rich donated her papers to the Sophia Smith Collection from 1981 to 1996. Priscilla Cunningham donated her letters from Rich in 2002. Additional materials were donated by Anthony Lame, son of Rich's college roommate, Mary Perkins Lame, in 2013.

Processing Information

This finding aid was revised by Susan Boone in 2004.

Appendix I

The following works of Frances Rich are located at Smith College:

LocationWorkDescription
Smith College MuseumBust: Laura Scales
Smith College MuseumBust: Diego Rivera
Smith College MuseumBust: Virgil Thompson
Smith College MuseumPanel for bronze door of the Lew Wentz Mausoleaum, Ponca City, Oklahomadepicting the sports of baseball, basketball, and football
Smith College MuseumPanel for bronze door of the Lew Wentz Mausoleaum, Ponca City, Oklahomadepicting the animals and their young
Smith College MuseumStudy for St. Francis
Smith College MuseumBas Relief for St. Peters Episcopal Church
Smith College LibraryBust: Herbert Davis
Smith College LibraryBust: Margaret Sanger
Center for the Performing ArtsBust: Katharine Hepburn as Cleopatra
Behind the President's HouseStatue: St. Francis of Assisi

Appendix II

Alphabetical list of works by Frances Rich

  • Alice Stone Blackwell, 1958-59
  • Army/Navy Nurse, Arlington National Cemetery, 1937
  • Birds in Flight, 1980
  • Carl Milles, 1971
  • Ch. King Eric v. Konigbach ("Little King"), 1946
  • Christ crucified, 1954
  • Christ of the Sacred Heart, 1972
  • Converse Colt, 1935
  • Crucifix, 1954
  • Diego Rivera, 1941
  • Earl Wild, 1976
  • Etruscan Rhythm, 1951
  • Everett Kimball, 1931
  • Harboe Nude, 1968
  • Healer, 1969
  • Jane and Little Billie, 1940
  • Katharine Hepburn, 1958, 1961
  • Laura Scales, 1936
  • Lew Wentz Mausoleum door, 1954
  • Little Emily, 1972
  • Look I'm Dancing, 1962
  • Lotte Lehmann, 1952
  • Madonna and Child, 1964
  • Madonna and Child, 1970
  • Margaret Sanger, 1956-57
  • Mother and Child (fountain figure), 1951
  • Mother and Child (seated), 1951
  • Mother and Child, 1956
  • Mother and Child, 1958
  • Mother and Child, 1958
  • Mother and Child, 1968
  • Negress, 1936
  • Our Lady of Combermere, 1960
  • Pelican, 1957
  • Pieta, 1953
  • Purdue University panel, 1939
  • Purification, 1958
  • Questing Madonna, 1954
  • Roadrunner, 1972
  • Seated Female Figure, 1958
  • Spirit of the Grape, 1976-77
  • St. Catherine of Sienna, 1968
  • St. Francis, 1951-71
  • St. Joseph, 1956
  • Taille Libre, 1936
  • Vanity, 1961
  • Virgil Thomson, 1961
  • Wailing Woman, 1951
  • Woman With Flower Pot, 1958

Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.
Separated Material

Additional papers are housed at Cranbrook Academy of Art (Bloomfield Hills, Michigan), Getty Department of Humanities (Santa Monica, California), and Smith College Archives. In addition there nine of Rich's works of art located on the Smith College Campus (see Appendix I for locations). In 1982 Rich donated to the Sophia Smith Collection ten World War II WAVES recruitment posters. These are not part of the Frances Rich Papers and are located in the Sophia Smith Collection flat files.

Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Series Descriptions
(1928-1970)
.5 linear feet

This series contains three subseries: Miscellaneous, Smith College, and U. S. Navy. The Miscellaneous material consists of clippings and articles (1931-77), an interview done by Mayne Ober Park for the Boston Globe in 1940, and two scrapbooks (1952-59) consisting primarily of clippings. In addition there is a small amount of correspondence. It consists of fourteen letters Rich wrote to Priscilla Cunningham (1979 -88), one letter from Irene Rich to Frances Snow (1931), two letters written to Frances Rich, and three third party letters about the possibility of granting Rich a Smith College Medal.

The Smith College subseries contains printed material and memorabilia about Rich as a student, alumna, and as Director of Public Relations (1947-50). The latter also contains correspondence regarding the publication of This Is Smith College (1949).

The U.S. Navy material includes correspondence and printed material related to Rich's service with the U. S. Navy Reserve (1942-48, 1980) and her training, particularly officer training at Smith College. There is also correspondence related to an oral history of Admiral Nimitz and the WAVES (1969-70).

Photographs from these two subseries are located in SERIES III.

(1931-1980)
.75 linear feet

This series is organized into two subseries: Works and Exhibitions. Works consists mostly of photographs of Rich's work, but also contains some related correspondence and printed material. It is arranged by date. (See Appendix II for an alphabetical list of these works.) Statues of the Army-Navy Nurses in Arlington National Cemetery, St Francis of Assisi, Our Lady of Combermere, St. Catherine of Siena, and the Spirit of the Grape; portrait busts of Lotte Lehmann, Diego Rivera, Margaret Sanger, and Katharine Hepburn; and drawings and photographs used for her work are represented in this subseries. Two copies of The Sculpture of Frances Rich by Merle Armitage (1974) are also included.

The Exhibitions subseries includes photographs, correspondence, exhibit catalogs, articles and printed material. There is significant documentation of exhibitions at the Palm Springs Desert Museum (1969 and 1977) including two copies of The Sculpture of Frances Rich: Frances Rich Retrospective Exhibition, 7th February - 2nd March, 1969.

(1963-1988)
.25 linear feet

This series contains approximately seventy-five photographs, the bulk of which are photographs of Frances Rich alone (1914-77), with her mother Irene Rich, and with others. The latter include Laura Scales, Lottie Lehmann, Elissa Landi, Eugene Ormandy, John Ford, Diego Rivera, and Benjamin Wright. There are also photographs of Diego Rivera's fresco of Rich. In addition there are Smith College photographs from Rich's student years (1928-31), her tenure as Smith College Director of Public Relations (1947-50), and from her service with the U.S. Navy. Many of these are of her WAVES training at Smith College. There are also two photographs of Lotte Lehman, two of Irene Rich, and finally photographs of Rich's two California studio/homes: Hope and Shumway ranches (1941-68).

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS



Clippings, articles, and memorabilia,
1931-77, n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
Interview by Mayme Ober Park,
1940

Box 1: folder 2
Scrapbooks,
1952-64

Box 1: folder 3-4
Correspondence


Box 1
To Priscilla Cunningham,
1979-88

Box 1: folder 5
Miscellaneous,
1931-58, 1977

Box 1: folder 6
Smith College


Box 1
Student


Box 1
Scrapbook,
1931

Box 1: folder 7
Articles,
1928-31, 1975-79

Box 1: folder 8
Director of Public Relations


Box 1
Articles and printed material,
1947-50, n.d.

Box 1: folder 9
This Is Smith College: correspondence,
1949

Box 1: folder 10
U.S. Navy


Box 1
Clippings and articles,
1942-48, 1980, n.d.

Box 1: folder 11
Oral history of Admiral Nimitz and the WAVES: correspondence,
1969-70

Box 1: folder 12
SERIES II. ARTWORK



Works


Box 1
General,
1931-77, n.d.

Box 2: folder 1-4
Laura Scales,
1936

Box 2: folder 5
Army/Navy Nurse, Arlington National Cemetery,
1937

Box 2: folder 6
Diego Rivera,
1941

Box 2: folder 7
St. Francis of Assisi


Box 2
Photographs,
1951-71

Box 2: folder 8
Clippings, articles, and printed materials,
1952-66

Box 2: folder 9
Lotte Lehmann,
1952

Box 2: folder 10
Questing Madonna,
1954

Box 2: folder 11
St. Joseph,
1956

Box 2: folder 12
Margaret Sanger,
1956-57

Box 2: folder 13
Pelican,
1957

Box 2: folder 14
Seated female figure,
1958

Box 2: folder 15
Alice Stone Blackwell,
1958-59

Box 2: folder 16
Katharine Hepburn,
1958, 1961

Box 2: folder 17
Our Lady of Combermere,
1960

Box 2: folder 18
St. Catherine of Sienna,
1968

Box 2: folder 19
Roadrunner,
1972

Box 2: folder 20
Spirit of the Grape,
1976-77

Box 2: folder 21
Birds in Flight,
1980

Box 3: folder 1
Photographs containing more than one work or unidentified works,
1977-78, n.d.

Box 3: folder 2
Drawings,
1944-46, n.d.

Box 3: folder 3
The Sculpture of Frances Rich by Merle Armitage,(two copies, both autographed)
1974

Box 3
Exhibitions


Box 3
California Palace of the Legion of Honor,
1955

Box 3: folder 4
Palm Springs Desert Museum


Box 3
Frances Rich Retrospective Exhibition,
1969

Box 3: folder 5
Frances Rich Sculpture Show,
1977

Box 3: folder 6
Miscellaneous,
1963-75

Box 3: folder 7
Catalogs,
1952-73

Box 3: folder 8
SERIES III. PHOTOGRAPHS



Rich, Frances


Box 3
Alone,
1914-77

Box 4: folder 1
With others,
1937-72, n.d.

Box 4: folder 2
With Irene Rich,
circa 1912-46, n.d.

Box 4: folder 3
Smith College


Box 4
Student,
1928-31

Box 4: folder 4
Director of Public Relations,
1947-50

Box 4: folder 5
U.S. Navy,
1941-47, n.d.

Box 4: folder 6
Lehmann, Lotte,
1953

Box 4: folder 7
Rich, Irene,
circa 1941

Box 4: folder 8
Studios: Hope and Shumway Ranches,
1941-68, n.d.

Box 4: folder 9
SERIES IV. OVERSIZE MATERIALS



Sculpture of Margaret Sanger's head, and clipping,
n.d.

Box 5
Photographs


Flat File dwr 33
Spirit of the Grape
n.d.

Flat File dwr 33
Birds in Flight,
n.d.

Flat File dwr 33
Jane, Frances, and Irene Rich,
1927

Flat File dwr 33
Frances and Irene Rich,
circa 1942

Flat File dwr 33
Vice Admiral Morris Denfeldt,
n.d.

Flat File dwr 33
Certificate from the American Bicentennial Research Institute,
1974

Flat File dwr 33
Shumway Ranch, Palm Desert, California


Flat File dwr 33
Plans for studio and caretakers cottage


Flat File dwr 33
Bureau of Land Management map


Flat File dwr 33
Posters


Flat File dwr 33
St. Francis of Asissi


Flat File dwr 33
Spirit of the Grape


Flat File dwr 33
Seated Woman with Child


Flat File dwr 33
Harboe Nude


Flat File dwr 33

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950
  • Hepburn, Katharine, 1907-2003
  • Lehmann, Lotte
  • Rich, Frances
  • Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
  • Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966
  • Sculptors--United States--History--20th century--Sources
  • Smith College--Students--History--Sources
  • United States. Naval Reserve. Women's Reserve--History--Sources
  • Women sculptors--United States--History--20th century--Sources


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