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Office of the President Marion Le Roy Burton Files, 1910-1917
11 boxes (5.39 linear ft.)
Collection number: RG 32

Abstract:
Second president of Smith College and later President of the University of Minnesota and the University of Michigan. Contains correspondence, publications, sermons, photographs, and press articles.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Marion Le Roy Burton, the second president of Smith College, was born in Brooklyn, Iowa on 30 August 1874, the youngest child of Ira and Jane Simmons Burton. The family moved to Minneapolis when Burton was very young. A short time later Ira Burton died after suffering financial reverses. Jane Burton worked extremely hard to support her family and her sons took jobs after school to ease the strain of their mother. Burton's early jobs included selling newspapers and raising pigeons.

The day after his 1900 graduation from Carlton College, Burton married classmate Nina L. Moses, and they went to Minnesota's Windom Institute to gain teaching experience. By this time, he had decided that a college presidency was the job for him and would let nothing draw him from that path. With his goal in mind and the knowledge that all college presidents of the day were clergymen, Burton went to Yale University to study Theology and earn his Ph.D. in Philosophy. He graduated summa cum laude in. Leaving Yale in 1908, having taught there after his graduation, Burton went to preach at the historic Church of the Pilgrims in Brooklyn, New York. The following year, Smith offered him the presidency and he was inaugurated in 1910.

The institution Burton came to lead in 1910 was in a precarious position. Though the original endowment had been shrewdly managed and substantially enlarged, it was not enough to provide for the vast improvements the College desperately needed. These included a new gymnasium, two laboratories, more student housing and a much larger campus. To pay for these improvements, Burton announced a million-dollar fundraising campaign. Such an ambitious campaign had not been embarked on before and, despite the doubts of many, succeeded. During his seven years at Smith, Burton encouraged changes in the curriculum designed to meet more of the challenges students would be facing in the outside world and significantly altered the admissions procedure to a more comprehensible examination of the student's abilities, achievements, interests and character. One of Burton's greatest dreams for Smith was a vast enlargement of the campus to provide for semi-separate schools devoted to different areas of study, resulting in Smith College changing into Sophia Smith University. The plan was received relatively well and plans were made to acquire the necessary land, but Burton left Smith before much could be accomplished and without his energy behind the project, it fell through.

In 1917, Burton resigned from Smith, to the great despair of the entire college community, to become president of the University of Minnesota. His time at the University of Minnesota was very brief, only three years, but he is credited with keeping the students' morale up during the difficult war years. In 1920, Burton accepted the presidency of the University of Michigan and threw himself into the school's campaign for more and much-needed buildings and brought greater organization to the large and complicated university. When he died suddenly from pneumonia on 18 February 1925, many at the University of Michigan lamented that he had only just begun to bring marvelous change.

Burton was mourned deeply at the schools he had headed. Following his death, the Smith College Alumnae Association, noting his interest in the cause of eager students of limited means, began raising money for a scholarship in his name devoted to that cause.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The bulk of the Office of the President Marion Le Roy Burton Files contain his correspondence between 1909-1917, leading up to and during his years as Smith College president. Other materials include publications, sermons, photographs and press articles.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Office of the President Marion Le Roy Burton Files, 1910-1917. Box #. Smith College Archives.

History of the Collection

The Marion Le Roy Burton Office of the President Files were donated over a period of time to the Smith College Archives from a variety of sources.

Processing Information

Processed by Caroline Hasenyager 2002


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: nyoung@smith.edu
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/archives
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Series I. Correspondence
1909-1917
3.43 linear feet

This series, the largest in the collection, is organized alphabetically, with various categories breaking down into subcategories (i.e. Academic Departments: Astronomy, Art, Biblical Literature, etc; Board of Trustees: Baldwin, Clark, Comstock, etc.). The only organizational irregularity is Burton's "Outgoing Correspondence" which is located at the front of Box # 304. This series is largely made up of letters to and from members of the Board of Trustees, faculty, Alumnae and students. The folders are all clearly labeled and dated where information is available.

Outgoing correspondence note book,
1915-16

Box 1
A,
1911-16

Box 1
Academic Departments



Art
1913-17, n.d

Box 1
Astronomy
1911-16, n.d.

Box 1
Biblical Literature and Comparative


Box 1
Religion
1913-17, n.d.

Box 1
Botany
1913-16

Box 1
Chemistry
1912-17

Box 1
Economics and Sociology
1910-17, n.d.

Box 1
Education
1914

Box 1
Elocution
1911-17, n.d.

Box 1
English Language and Literature
1910-17, n.d.

Box 1
French Language and Literature
1911-17, n.d.

Box 1
Geology
1914-17, n.d.

Box 1
Germanic Languages and Literatures
1911-15, n.d.

Box 1
Greek Language and Literature
1912

Box 1
History
1912-17

Box 1
Italian
1913, n.d.

Box 1
Latin Language and Literature
1911-17

Box 1
Mathematics
1916

Box 1
Museum
1910-17

Box 1
Music
1910-17, n.d.

Box 1
Philosophy and Psychology
1914-16

Box 1
Physical Education
1911-17, n.d.

Box 1
Physics
1910-17, n.d.

Box 1
Spanish
1915-17, n.d.

Box 1
Zoology
1910-17, n.d.

Box 1
Alumnae Association
1909-17, n.d.

Box 2
Alumnae Correspondence
1910-16, n.d.

Box 2
American College for Girls at Constantinople
1911-12

Box 2
American School of Classical Study
1913

Box 2
Archives
1917

Box 2
Association of Collegiate Alumnae
1912-13

Box 2
B
1911-17

Box 2
Bassett, John Spencer
1912-16

Box 2
Beckwith, Martha Warren
1915-17

Box 2
Benedict, Suzan Rose
1914, 1917

Box 2
Botanic Garden
1911-17, n.d.

Box 2
Brimmer School
1913, 1915

Box 2
Brown, Charles R.
1916-17

Box 2
Bryn Mawr College
1911-15

Box 2
Buildings, Superintendent of
1911-1917

Box 2
General Insurance
1916-17

Box 2
James I. Wingate and Co.
1912-14, n.d.

Box 2
C
1912-17

Box 2
Carman, Esther E.
1911-16, n.d.

Box 2
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
1910-17

Box 2
Chapin, F. Stuart
1912-17

Box 2
Cheever, Louisa Sewall
1914-17

Box 2
Churchill, Alfred Vance
1914-17. n.d.

Box 2
[Class of 1904 Decennial Gift Committee
1913-14]----Missing

Box 2
Cobb, Harriet Redfield
1914-16, n.d.

Box 2
Cobb, Mary S.
1911, 1916, n.d.

Box 2
Committees



on Advanced Standing
n.d.

Box 2
Board of Admission
1915-17

Box 2
Board of Faculty Advisers
1916-17

Box 2
on College Preparatory Schools
1915

Box 2
on the Course of Study
1916?

Box 2
on Dishonest Work
1916

Box 2
Examining Board
1912

Box 2
on Freshman Honors
1917

Box 2
[on Funds for Attendance at Meetings of Learned Societies]
1917

Box 2
on Graduate Instruction
1911-17, n.d.

Box 2
on Honors
1917, n.d.

Box 2
on the Inauguration of Marion Le Roy Burton
1910-11, n.d.

Box 2
on the President's Reception at Commencement
1915-17

Box 2
on Reception of Students
1912-16

Box 2
on Recommendations
1917

Box 2
on Research
1917

Box 2
on Revision of the Curriculum
1913-16, n.d.

Box 2
on Schedule
1915-17, n.d.

Box 2
on the Shakespeare Prize
1912, n.d.

Box 2
Curtis, Mary Beach
1915-17

Box 3
Cutler, Anna Alice
1910, 1912, 1915

Box 3
D
1911-17

Box 3
Dean, Office of
1912-17, n.d.

Box 3
Deane, Sidney Norton
1912-17, n.d.

Box 3
Delpit, Louise
1913-16, n.d.

Box 3
Duckett, Eleanor Shipley
1916

Box 3
Dunn, Emmett Reid
1916-17

Box 3
E
1912-17

Box 3
Egan, Rose F.
1915-16

Box 3
Eisenbrey, Clara M.
1911-12

Box 3
Emerick, Charles
1914-16

Box 3
F
1910-16

Box 3
Faculty, Secretary of
1910-17

Box 3
Fay, Sidney Bradshaw
1914-17

Box 3
Filer, Grace
1914-15

Box 3
Foster, Mary Louise
1912-17, n.d.

Box 3
Freeman, Ethel Hale
1912-17

Box 3
Fuller, Mary Breese
1912-17, n.d.

Box 3
G
1911-17

Box 3
Gamble Foundation
1916-17

Box 3
Ganong, William Francis
1915-17, n.d.

Box 3
Gardiner, Harry Norman
1910-17

Box 3
Gates, Charles G. and Florence H. and estate
1913

Box 3
Gates Foundation
1914, 1916

Box 3
General Education Board
1911-1915

Box 3
--Rockefeller Fund


Box 3
Gill, Laura Drake

see also Trustees

1913-15

Box 3
Gragg, Florence Alden
1910-17

Box 3
Grant, Elihu
1913-17

Box 3
Gray, William Dodge
1910-17

Box 3
H
1912-17

Box 3
Hampshire Bookshop
1916-17

Box 3
Hanscom, Elizabeth Deering
1912-17

Box 3
Harvard/Princeton Universities
1914-15

Box 3
Hazen, Charles Downer
1912-17

Box 3
Hildt, John Coffey
1914-17

Box 3
Hobart College
1913-14

Box 3
Holzworth, Charles
1911-14

Box 3
Honorary Degrees
1914, 1916

Box 3
Hopkins, Mary Murray
1914-1

Box 3
Houses/Heads of Houses
1912, 1914, n.d.

Box 3
Hunt, Agnes
1912-15, n.d.

Box 3
I
1911

Box 3
Infantile Paralysis
1916

Box 3
Intercollegiate Bureau of Occupations
1911-12

Box 3
J
1912-17

Box 4
J.B. Pond Lyceum Bureau
1915

Box 4
J.P. Morgan & Co.
1915, n.d.

Box 4
Jordan, Mary Augusta
1912-16, n.d.

Box 4
K
1910-17

Box 4
Kapp, Marie F.
1911-12

Box 4
King, Helen Maxwell
1913-17, n.d.

Box 4
L
1910-17

Box 4
Lanning, William H.
1910-15

Box 4
LeDuc, Alma
1911-16, n.d.

Box 4
Lee, Carrie Case
1912-16, n.d.

Box 4
Lee, Jennette
1910-15, n.d.

Box 4
Library
1910-17, n.d.

Box 4
Linehan, Mary L.
1916-17

Box 4
Locke, Arthur Ware
1915

Box 4
M
1911-17

Box 4
Marshall
n.d.

Box 4
McCracken, Henry Noble
1913-15, n.d.

Box 4
Michaud, Jennie Chase
1914-16

Box 4
Michaud, Regis
1913-17

Box 4
Miller, Barnette
1915-17

Box 4
Miller, William J.
1914-17

Box 4
Montgomery, Cornelia A.
1916

Box 4
N
1911-16

Box 4
Newell, Anna Grace
1913-16

Box 4
Newell, Jane I.
1915-16, n.d.

Box 4
Nolen, John: correspondence and report
1913-16

Box 4
Northampton
1913-16, n.d.

Box 4
O
1911-17

Box 5
P
1911-17

Box 5
Page, Frederick H.
1915

Box 5
Panama-Pacific International Exposition
1914-15, n.d.

Box 5
Parker, Clara M.W. (Mrs. C.E.)
1911-15, n.d.

Box 5
Peace Mission
n.d.

Box 5
Physician, Office of
1912-17, n.d.

Box 5
Pigeon, Anne Gardner
1911-13

Box 5
Pinkerton's National Detective Agency
1915 Apr-Jun

Box 5
Powell, Lyman P.
1910-14, n.d.

Box 5
Prenez, Blanche
1915-17

Box 5
Presbyterian Ministers' Fund
1915

Box 5
President, Office of
1916

Box 5
Psychological Bulletin
1913-14

Box 5
Q
1915

Box 5
R
1910-16

Box 5
[Rally Day

---Missing

1914-15]

Box 5
Registrar, Office of
1911-17

Box 5
Rice, Richard Ashley, Jr.
1915-16, n.d.

Box 5
Richardson, Mary Lilias
1910-15

Box 5
Rosseter, Louise W.
1912-16, n.d.

Box 5
S
1910-17

Box 5
Schinz, Albert
1913-17, n.d.

Box 5
Scott, Mary Augusta
1911-17

Box 5
Scott, Walter
1912-13

Box 5
Seelye, Laurenus Clark
1909-15

Box 5
Shields, Emily Ledyard
1915

Box 5
Smith College Association for Christian Work (SCACW)
1911-13

Box 5
Sophia Smith University
1916

Box 5
Southern Association of College Women
1910-12, n.d.

Box 5
Spalding, Martha Reed
1911, n.d.

Box 6
Sperry, Pauline
1911-16

Box 6
Stetson-Fuller, Louise
1913-16

Box 6
T
1910-17

Box 6
Taft, William Howard
1914

Box 6
Townsend, H.G.
1914

Box 6
Treasurer, Office of
1909-17, n.d.

Box 6
Trustees, Board of



General
1913-14, n.d.

Box 6
Baldwin, Ruth Standish
1913-17

Box 6
Clark, John B.
1912-17

Box 6
Comstock, Ada Louise
1911-12

Box 6
Davies, Thomas F.
1915-17, n.d.

Box 6
Dill, James B.
1910

Box 6
Emerson, Ellen Tucker
1916

Box 6
Gallagher, H. Clifford
1911-17

Box 6
Gill, Laura Drake

(see also general)

1909-10

Box 6
Gillett, Arthur L.
1910-17

Box 6
Greene, John Morton
1909-17

Box 6
Lamont, Thomas William
1911-17, n.d.

Box 6
McCall, Samuel W.
1912-17

Box 6
Noyes, Lucia Clapp
1909-14, n.d.

Box 6
Roberts, Charles A.
1911-17, n.d.

Box 6
[Wells, Marguerite Milton
1914-17, n.d.]--Missing

Box 6
Willard, Elisa May
1912-15

Box 6
Williston, A. Lyman
1909-15, n.d.

Box 6
Tryon, Dwight William
1911-14

Box 6
Turner, Julia E.
1912-14

Box 6
Tyler, Henry Mather
1910-12. n.d.

Box 6
Underwood, George A.
1914-17

Box 6
V
1910-17

Box 6
Van Kleeck, Mary
1912, 1915

Box 6
Vassar College
1915-16

Box 6
Vincens, Berthe
1912-13

Box 6
W - Z
1911-17

Box 6
Waterman, Frank Allan
1914-17

Box 6
Wilder, Harris Hawthorne
1911-16

Box 6
Series II. Biography
1874-1941
.49 linear feet

The biographical series includes information on Burton's family history (including an incomplete genealogy compiled by his brother), his time at Carleton College, Yale University, the Church of the Pilgrims, Smith College and the Universities of Minnesota and Michigan, as well as various obituaries and memorial pamphlets. Also included are a few sources (mainly newspaper articles) relating to several members of the Burton family. Most of the photographs are of Burton himself, including many studio portraits. There are also many of his inauguration, some of his family life (mainly with Mrs. Burton) and a few candid shots taken at various times. The photographs are arranged by subject.

Photographs



Portraits
1913-1917

Box 8
President and Mrs. Burton
1911-1914

Box 8
Sillouettes, by Alfred Vance Churchill
n.d.

Box 8
Portrait, Class of 1891
1917

Box 8
Portraits, formal
1910-1911

Box 8
Family
1910

Box 8
Biographical Materials



University of Michigan
1919-1920, n.d.

Box 8
University of Minnesota
1917-1919

Box 8
Personal Correspondence
1910-1920

Box 8
Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society
1914-1915

Box 8
Presidency of Smith College
1909


Baccalaureate Address, "The Meaning of America"
n.d.

Box 8
General


Box 8
Memorials
1925-1927

Box 8
Obituatries
1925

Box 8
Series III. Smith College Documents
1910-1917
.49 linear feet

This series contains various documents relating to Burton's seven-year tenure at Smith College. These documents include information about conferences he attended while president, newspaper and magazine articles from those years, plans for the building of the Quadrangle and information about his resignation in 1917.

Conference of Women's College Presidents
1916May

Box 9
Funds



Million Dollar Fund
1911-1912

Box 9
Gift Book
1911-1913

Box 9
Press Information
1914

Box 9
Quadrangle Plans
1914

Box 9
Receptions
1915

Box 9
Resignation
1917

Box 9
Speeches, announcements
1906-1917

Box 9
Memorial Service for Ludmilla Peck
1913Apr 13

Box 9
Series IV. Inauguration
1910
.49 linear feet

This series is devoted to materials relating to Burton's inauguration as the second president of Smith College. These materials includes copies of Burton's inaugural speech, various other speeches made that day, a program of events of the Burton Inauguration, copies and lists of invitations, newspaper and magazine articles relating to the event and photographs of the event.

Publication, "The Inauguration of President Burton
1910

Box 10
Addresses
1910

Box 10
Committee on Inaugural Proceedings
1910

Box 10
Correspondence
1910

Box 10
Invitation lists
1910

Box 10
News Releases
1910

Box 10
Official Documents
1910

Box 10
Order of Exercises
1910

Box 10
Photographs
1910

Box 10
Series V. Publications
1910-1925
.49 linear feet

The Publications series contains copies of many of Burton's publications, both books and articles, on various topics ranging from the curriculum of Smith College to thoughts on his own Christian faith.

The Secret of Achievement: Baccalaureate Address
1913

Box 11
The Life Which Is Life Indeed: Baccalaureate Address
1914

Box 11
First Things: Baccalaureate Address
1915

Box 11
On Being Divine: Baccalaureate Address

(all published by The Pilgrim Press, Boston & Chicago)

1916

Box 11
Old Man Dare's Talks to College Men, Introduction by Marion L. Burton (NY:Fleming H. Revell Co.)
1922

Box 11
Our Intellectual Attitude in An Age of Criticism (Boston&Chicago: The Pilgrim Press)
1913

Box 11
The Problem of Evil: A Criticism of the Augustinian Point of View (Chicago:Open Court Publishing Co.)
1909

Box 11
Articles



Various, fragments
n.d.

Box 11
"The Age-Long Lesson" Good Housekeeping
1918Dec

Box 11
From The Smith Alumnae Quarterly:



The New Curriculum,
1915Nov

Box 11
The Present Status of the Million Dollar Campaign,
1912Apr

Box 11
To The Alumna,
1911Jan

Box 11
Being Divine,
1916Jul

Box 11
The New Method of Admission,
1916Apr

Box 11
"That Mind of Yours," Kiwanis Magazine
1925Feb

Box 11
"Why Am I A Christian?" North American Student
n.d.

Box 11

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925.
  • Smith College--Presidents.

Contributors
  • Comstock, Ada Louise.
  • Seelye, Laurenus Clark, 1837-1924.
  • Smith College. Office of President.


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