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Margaret Alexander Marsh Papers, 1911-1984
13 boxes (6 linear ft.)
Collection number: RG 42

Abstract:
Papers are primarily related to her research and work as a faculty member and a Class Dean at Smith College. The focus of her research was international relations, particularly the social and economic consequences of twentieth century imperialism in Central and South America. Materials include research notes, photographs, journals, writings lecture notes, and correspondence from students.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to researchers according to the regulations of the College Archives, with the exception of five linear inches of student correspondence, which is restricted. The bulk of this correspondence (covering 1960-83) is from Ellen Hauser, Class of 1960, and will be closed until 2022.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission is required for publication beyond "fair use."

Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Margaret Alexander Marsh was born Margaret Charlotte Alexander on August 22, 1893 in Brooklyn, New York. Her parents were George and Emily Carter Alexander. She attended the Manual Training High School in Brooklyn, New York, and competed a B.A. in 1914 and an M.A. in 1916, both at Smith College. Her masters thesis, "The Development of the Power of the State Executive, With Special Reference to the State of New York" was published in Smith College Studies in History, Volume Two, Number Three, April 1917. Marsh worked as a Reader in History and Government while she did her M.A. at Smith 1914-1916.

From 1916 to 1924 Marsh worked in New York City as the Executive Secretary of the American Association for International Conciliation, an affiliate of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and as Secretary of the International Relations Clubs, which was organized by the Institute of International Relations. In addition she worked as a specialist on American investments in Mexico for the Federal Council of Churches. She also took courses at the New School for Social Research and Columbia University. While on leave from the AAIC from 1920-1921, she studied at the London School of Economics, worked with the League of Nations in London, and spent six months with the Junior Red Cross in Albania. On August 6, 1924, she married Allison Wilson Marsh on the Island of Guernsy. Mr. Marsh was a member of the Class of 1913 at Amherst College and was a Professor of Physical Education there 1917-1958. During the 1924-1925 academic year, Margaret Marsh worked as a Reader at Amherst College for Professors Harry Elmer Barnes and Frank H. Hankins, both of the Economics Department. Barnes and Hankins were also on the faculty of the Sociology Department at Smith, Barnes from 1923-1930 and Hankins 1922-1946.

From 1925-1927, Marsh did research on economic and social conditions in Bolivia for the American Fund for Public Service. The AFPS funded studies on American expansion and investment with the goal of advancing human enlightenment and social justice. The result of her research was the book, The Bankers in Bolivia: A Study in American Foreign Investment, which was published by The Vanguard Press in 1928. This series was edited by Marsh's colleague, Harry Elmer Barnes. Marsh worked as secretary of the Freshmen course "Problems of Citizenship" at Dartmouth College September 1, 1927 until June 30, 1929.

Marsh joined the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Smith College in 1929 and taught at Smith until her retirement in 1959. She was hired as an instructor and then made Assistant Professor in 1930, Associate Professor in 1940 and Professor in 1953. She was chairman of the department for three years, 1942/1943-1944/1945. Charles H. Page, Sociology Professor at Smith 1946-60, writes in his book, Fifty Years in the Sociological Enterprise: A Lucky Journey, "The eldest in years but young in spirit, and least troublesome among us, was one of Smith's finest teachers, Margaret Marsh, admired and held in affection by students and colleagues alike. Margaret's widely elected courses on 'The Expansion of Western Culture,' showpieces in the college's curriculum, were a successful synthesis of the anthropology of cultural change, the sociology of what was later called 'modernization,' and the economics of imperialism."

The focus of Marsh's research was international relations, particularly the social and economic consequences of twentieth century imperialism. Most of her work dealt with Central and South America, but she also did research in Russia, Japan, China, and Africa. Marsh published several articles on Latin America for The National Encyclopedia and National Year Book. In addition, she was a staff editor of the American Sociological Review in 1958. During her first sabbatical in the spring semester of 1936, Marsh did research in East Asia. While on sabbatical during the 1945-1946 academic year followed by a leave of absence during the fall of 1946, Marsh did research in Venezuela and Central America under a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. This research resulted in her article "Monoculture and the Level of Living: An Hypothesis," which was published in Inter-American Economic Affairs, Vol. 1, no.1, June, 1947. She defined "monoculture" as the restriction of a national economy to one dominant export, such as oil from Venezuela or coffee from El Salvador. During her sabbatical in Central America and Venezuela, she did research on how monoculture effected the standard of living of different social classes. Marsh said the following at a Round Table on Imperialism and War at the Student Anti-War Conference at Smith College in 1934, "I do affirm that the demands of capitalist enterprise in terms of raw materials, markets and fields for surplus capital investment, cannot be satisfied ultimately in a nationalist world without war-that permanent peace is not compatible with an economic nationalism which has its roots in the capitalist system."

In addition to teaching, Marsh served as Class Dean for the classes of 1952 and 1957 and directed the Junior Year in Geneva program during the 1958-1959 academic year. She remarked to Frank Hankins, on being appointed Class Dean, "I feel as though I had charge of 500 Ellens," referring to her daughter, Ellen, born on August 2, 1932. Marsh was well-loved by her students as evidenced by the voluminous correspondence she received from them.

Marsh remained active after her retirement in 1959. Her entries in the Smith Alumnae Quarterly document her travels with her husband all over the world including, Egypt, Russia, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal, Kashmir, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Jordan, Portugal, Scotland. She studied Russian and other languages and continued to write on various topics. She also served as Treasurer of the Class of 1914. In the February 1968 issue of the Smith Alumnae Quarterly, she notes that "When in Amherst , our consciences are relieved slightly by joining the Sunday noon silent vigil for peace in Vietnam." Her husband Allison Marsh died in 1976 and she died on December 10, 1984 in Amherst, Massachusetts at the age of 91.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Margaret Alexander Marsh Papers are 6 linear feet and 11/2 linear inches The material ranges in date from 1911- 1984 with the bulk of the material from 1940-1959. The papers are primarily related to her research and work as a faculty member and a Class Dean at Smith College. The focus of her research was international relations, particularly the social and economic consequences of twentieth century imperialism in Central and South America. The bulk of the collection is research notes, subject files, lecture notes (from her own education and as an instructor), and correspondence from students. In addition, there are photographs, syllabi, travel journals, and her own published and unpublished writing.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The collection is open to researchers according to the regulations of the College Archives, with the exception of five linear inches of student correspondence, which is restricted. The bulk of this correspondence (covering 1960-83) is from Ellen Hauser, Class of 1960, and will be closed until 2022.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission is required for publication beyond "fair use."

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Margaret Alexander Marsh Papers, Box #, Smith College Archives.

History of the Collection

The Margaret Alexander Marsh Papers were donated to the College Archives by Marsh's daughter, Ellen (Marsh) Schleicher, in 1996 and 1997.

Processing Information

Processed by Aimee Brown


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: nyoung@smith.edu
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/archives
Language
English.
Separated Material

Three files were removed from the collection. Two files on faculty shows, "Love Among Ruins" (1952) and "In Deep Water" (1957), were moved to 40. Faculty Shows. One file on her work as Treasurer of the Class of 1914 was transferred to the records of the Class of 1914 and is not open to researchers.

Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL
(1926-1984)
2 linear in.

This series is organized into three subseries: GENERAL, FAMILY, and DIARIES AND CALENDARS. There is a small amount of personal material in this series including clippings from the Smith Alumnae Quarterly on Marsh, a booklet on Marsh family history, and information on a cottage that Marsh and her husband owned in Wellfleet, MA. The diaries are related to her research travel and the calendars to her profession life at Smith.

General
1947, 1952, 1984

Box 1
Family



Allison W. Marsh
1958, 1976

Box 1
Ellen Marsh
1946, 1961, n.d.

Box 1
Marsh Family History
1928, n.d.

Box 1
Wellfleet, MA Land and Cottage
1937-1938, n.d.

Box 1
Diaries and Calendars



Travel Diary, Bolivia
1926

Box 1
Travel Diary, Bolivia (Allison Marsh)
1926

Box 1
Notes and Journal, Venezuela
1946, n.d.

Box 1
Smith College Calendar
1951

Box 1
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE
(1911-1983)
10 linear in.

This series is organized into three subseries: GENERAL, FAMILY, and SMITH COLLEGE. The SMITH COLLEGE subseries is divided by Faculty and Staff and Students. The correspondence from students is organized into several categories in the following order: General, Class of 1952, Class of 1957, and Junior Year Abroad in Geneva. The correspondence from students in the JYA Geneva program is organized into three sections; General, Class of 1960 and non-Smith Students. The bulk of the correspondence covers 1940-1961 and is from students who Marsh worked with as a Class Dean or as the Resident Advisor for JYA Geneva . A small amount of student correspondence is restricted. The bulk of the restricted correspondence is from Ellen Hauser, Class of 1960, and will be closed until 2022. It cover 1960-1983 and is 2 linear inches. The subseries FAMILY contains correspondence to her husband and daughter from her research trips to Patzcuaro, Mexico and Venezuela. There is also correspondence in SERIES VII. SUBJECT FILES.

General



Coburn, John and Ruth
n.d.

Box 1
Note:
Littlejohn, William
1914

Box 1
Meiklejohn, Alexander
1923, 1944, n.d.

Box 1
Venezuela and Monoculture Article
1946-1948, 1961, n.d.

Box 1
Miscellaneous
1923-1983, n.d.

Box 1
Family



Alice Alexander
1911

Box 1
Patzcuaro, Mexico
1940, n.d.

Box 1
Venezuela
1946, n.d.

Box 1
Smith College Faculty and Staff



Blakeslee, Albert F.
1951

Box 1
Bryson, Gladys Eugenia
1952

Box 1
Davis, Herbert John
1945

Box 1
DeNood, Neal Breaule
1953

Box 1
Grierson, Margaret S.
1954

Box 1
Hankins, Frank
1944

Box 1
Hornbeak, Katherine Gee
1948

Box 2
Randall, Helen
1964

Box 2
Wright, Benjamin Fletcher
1948-1952

Box 2
Smith College Students



Miscellaneous



Meyendorff, Alexandra (Class of 1933)
1948?

Box 2
O'Connor, Egan (Class of 1958)
n.d.

Box 2
Proctor, Carolyn J. (Class of 1950)
1949

Box 2
Wise, Molly (Class of 1962)
1964

Box 2
Unidentified
1952-1964, n.d.

Box 2
Class of 1952



General
1952, 1967

Box 2
Parents of Students
1952

Box 2
Prosser, Alfred L., father of Martha Prosser
n.d.

Box 2
Note:

[RESTRICTED until 2050]

Felstiner, Susan
1952

Box 2
Hamilton, Eleanor (Regarding)
c1951

Box 2
Note:

[RESTRICTED until 75 years after the death of individuals mentioned.]

Morrell, Martha
1953

Box 2
Pines, Joan
n.d.

Box 2
Simkute, Stefanija (Regarding)
1952

Box 2
Spencer, Dorothy
n.d.

Box 2
Waterman, Fran
n.d.

Box 2
West, Shirley
1953

Box 2
Wood, Barbara
1952

Box 2
Worcester, Laurie
1952, 1971, 1976, n.d.

Box 2
Class of 1957



General
1956-1957, n.d.

Box 2
Parents of Students
1957, n.d.

Box 2
Anderson, Ann
1955

Box 2
Crawford, Cynthia
1955?

Box 2
Crile, Ann
n.d.

Box 2
Crocker, Marion
1955

Box 2
Franklin, Elizabeth
1957

Box 2
Gorman, Marjory
1955?

Box 2
Gottlieb, Sybil
1955

Box 2
Grant, Mary
n.d.

Box 2
Hackett, Josephine
1975, 1983

Box 2
Hawes, Harriet
1961, 1963, n.d.

Box 2
Kuhlthau, Margaretta
1956

Box 2
Michel, Eda
1961-1972, n.d.

Box 2
Perry, Ann
1955

Box 2
Schwerin, Mary
n.d.

Box 2
Simenas, Vida
n.d.

Box 2
Smith, Martha
1955?

Box 2
Taylor, Mary Alice
1957

Box 2
Webber, Mary
1956

Box 2
Winn, Esther
1981

Box 2
Junior Year Abroad, Geneva



General
1947-1960, 1965, n.d.

Box 2
Class of 1960



Bland, Frances
1961

Box 2
Bollengier, Berta
n.d.

Box 2
Brown, Betsy Jean
1961, 1964, n.d.

Box 2
Brutcher, Constance
1962

Box 2
Day, Pamela
1960-1969, n.d.

Box 2
Dunphy, Sara
1960

Box 2
Gardner, Joan (Jackie)
1961-1964

Box 2
Hauck, Anne-Marie
n.d.

Box 2
Hauser, Ellen
1960-1962, 1963-1969, 1973-1983, n.d.

Box 2
Note:

[RESTRICTED until 2022]

Karapinka, Orysia
1960-1962

Box 2
Koch, Barbara
1961, n.d.

Box 2
Lambert, Elsa
n.d.

Box 2
Meyer, Marguerite
1960, 1962, n.d.

Box 2
Newberry, Barbara
1960

Box 2
Newman, Sandra
1961-1962, n.d.

Box 2
Pathy, Christine
1961-1962

Box 2
Stackpole, Beverly
1962-1964, n.d.

Box 2
Strayer, Elizabeth
1961-1962, n.d.

Box 2
Taylor, Cynthia
1960, n.d.

Box 2
Varnick, Reet
n.d.

Box 2
Watson, Jeanne, (mother of Patricia Watson)
1958-1959

Box 2
JYA Geneva Students , Non Smith
1958-1959


Cumins, Gail
n.d.

Box 2
Greene, Gail
1958-1965

Box 2
Note:

[RESTRICTED until 2050]

Huff, Katherine
1959-1962, n.d.

Box 2
Huff, Katherine, (and her Mother, Leona Huff)
1959

Box 2
Note:

[RESTRICTED until 2050]

Kemble, Sara
1963

Box 2
Martin, Elizabeth
1961

Box 2
Robertson, Dorothy
1961

Box 2
Note:

[RESTRICTED until 2050]

SERIES III. COURSES TAKEN
(1914-1916, 1955)
2 linear in.

This series contains notes that Marsh took in her undergraduate and graduate courses at Smith College 1914-1916. The exception is one folder on an Education Course that she took at the Harvard Summer School in 1955.

Botany
1914

Box 3
Botany 1 Laboratory
1914

Box 3
Government
1914 -1915

Box 3
Government
1915 - 1916

Box 3
American Government
1915

Box 3
Unidentified
1915

Box 3
Reading List, Education Course, Harvard Summer School
1955

Box 3
SERIES IV. COURSES TAUGHT
(1924, 1930-1960)
7 linear in.

All of the course material in this series is from courses taught at Smith College except for one folder on a course at Amherst College. The bulk of the material is lecture notes and syllabi.

Economics, Government, and Sociology 47a
1947-1948

Box 3
History and Social Science 295a
1963

Box 3
Social Science 192
1959-1960

Box 3
Sociology 11a
1942

Box 3
Sociology 26
1930-1956, n.d.

Box 3
Sociology 34a-b
1950-1960

Box 3
Sociology 37b
1941-1957, n.d.

Box 3
Sociology 40b
1957

Box 4
Sociology 320 a-b
1937-1938

Box 4
Sociology and Anthropology 11a-b
1959-1960

Box 4
Sociology and Anthropology 310a
1959-1960

Box 4
"Social and Economic Institutions in Amherst College"
1924

Box 4
Unidentified Lecture Notes
1929-1937

Box 4
SERIES V. RESEARCH NOTES AND CARD FILES
(1917-1922, 1954-1956, 1962, n.d.)
1 linear ft. and 9 linear in.

This series contains card files of research notes organized by subject and unidentified research notes. In addition, there is one card file that lists the contacts Marsh used for her research on the petroleum industry in Central and South America for her article, "Monoculture and the Level of Living: An Hypothesis."

Bibliography on Popular Culture
1962

Box 4
Card file of research notes by subject


Box 5
Card file of research notes by subject and card file of contacts for research on the petroleum industry.


Box 6
Notes, American Association for International Conciliation?
1917-1922

Box 6
Notes, Unidentified
1917-1918

Box 6
Notes, Unidentified
1954-1956, n.d.

Box 7
Notes, Unidentified
n.d.

Box 7
SERIES VI. SMITH COLLEGE
(1931-1961, n.d.)
4 linear in.

This series is organized into three subseries: GENERAL, CLASS DEAN, and RESIDENT DIRECTOR, JUNIOR YEAR ABROAD, GENEVA. This series consists of general material related to Marsh's work at Smith College including meetings and speeches in her role as the Class Dean of the Classes of 1952 and 1957, a list of JYA Geneva students during the 1958-1959 academic year, and information on the Seven College Conference in 1955 and 1956.

General



Committee on Honors of the History Department (Regarding Eleanor Hauser)
1959?

Box 7
Committee on a Four Course Plan
1944, n.d.

Box 7
Hankins, Frank
1938, 1970

Box 7
Proposals for Interdepartmental Courses in the Social Sciences
n.d.

Box 7
Salary
1931-1964

Box 7
Seven College Conference
1955

Box 7
Seven College Conference
1956

Box 7
Class Dean



Class of 1952



General
1948-1952, n.d.

Box 7
Class Meetings and Speeches
1948-1952

Box 7
Questionnaire and Results
1967

Box 7
Class of 1957



Ephemera
1953-1957, n.d.

Box 7
Statistics and Speeches
1953-1957, n.d.

Box 7
Junior Year Abroad
1955-1956, n.d.

Box 7
Resident Director, JYA Geneva



General
1958-1959

Box 7
General,
1947, 1955-1961, n.d.

Box 7
Note:

[RESTRICTED until 2050]

List of JYA Geneva Students
1958-1959

Box 7
Course Evaluations
1959

Box 7
SERIES VII. SUBJECT FILES
(1921-1969, n.d)
1 linear ft. and 5 linear in.

Most of the subject files are on countries. In addition there are subject files on topics such as population and individuals. They contain newspaper clippings, pamphlets, articles, advertisements, correspondence, syllabi, lecture notes and research notes. Most reprints of articles from journals were removed from the collection. A photocopy of the front cover with biographical information was left in place of each one. See also subject card files in SERIES V. RESEARCH NOTES AND CARD FILES.

Africa
1963

Box 8
Albania
1921-1932, n.d.

Box 8
Angola to Ghana
1958

Box 8
Bolivia
1922-1944, n.d.

Box 8
Bolivia
1923-1933, n.d.

Box 8
Bolivia
1926-1928, n.d.

Box 8
Bolivia, Trust Contract and Tejada Report
1923, 1931

Box 8
Caribbean Seminar
1931-1932, n.d.

Box 8
China
1940-1960, n.d.

Box 8
Coburn, John B., Dr., Articles
1965, 1969

Box 8
Conference on Economic Factors in International Relations
1923-1926

Box 9
Gruening, Ernest
1935, 1947

Box 9
Imperialism
1922-1944, n.d.

Box 9
Japan
1941-1959

Box 9
Latin American Economy Proseminar
1924-1944, n.d.

Box 9
Mexico, Democracy and Free Enterprise
1920s, 1930, 1951, n.d.

Box 9
Patzcuaro, Mexico
1940-1941

Box 9
Monoculture
n.d.

Box 10
Pamphlets and Articles, Misc.
1920s-1930s, 1950, n.d.

Box 10
Population
1940s, n.d.

Box 10
Population Explosion
1952-1958, n.d.

Box 10
Russia, Travel
1929, n.d.

Box 10
Russia, Pamphlets
1927-1930, n.d.

Box 10
Russia, Newspaper Clippings
1926-1933, n.d.

Box 10
Sociology and Immigration, folder 1
1930-1931

Box 10
Sociology and Immigration, folder 2
1930-1931

Box 11
Venezuela, Mementos
1946

Box 11
Venezuela, Research
1940-1951, n.d.

Box 11
SERIES VIII. WRITING AND SPEECHES
(1948-1973, n.d.)
1 linear in.

This series contains published and unpublished writing and speeches. Speeches, writing, and correspondence related to her writing may also be found in SERIES VII. SUBJECT FILES filed by subject.

Book Reviews, published
1959-1960, n.d.

Box 11
Miscellaneous
1948, 1951, n.d.

Box 11
"Petroleum Seed: An Answer to Venezuela's Colonial Economy"
n.d.

Box 11
"Monoculture in Latin America: Plan of Study"
n.d.

Box 11
"The Problem of Finding Faith"
n.d.

Box 11
Rough draft of article on Sylvia Plath and May Sarton
1973, n.d.

Box 11
Smith Alumnae Quarterly Article
1972

Box 11
Speech given at the Roundtable on Imperialism and War at the Student Anti-War Conference at Smith
1934

Box 11
SERIES IX. PHOTOGRAPHS
(1914-1982, n.d.)
4.5 linear in.

The bulk of the photographs are of unidentified classmates from Marsh's years as a student at Smith and photographs of her students and their families. In addition, there are photographs from her research trips.

Smith College



Angell, Norman, Sir
n.d.

Box 11
Margaret Alexander (Marsh) and classmates
1914, n.d.

Box 11
Unidentified Women, Classmates/Residents of Hubbard House?



folder 1
circa 1914, n.d.

Box 11
folder 2
circa 1914, n.d.

Box 11
Marsh and Smith College faculty
n.d.

Box 11
Class of 1952 Who's Who



Students
1952, 1955-1956, n.d.

Box 12
Children of Students
1959-1960, n.d.

Box 12
Ellen Hauser (Bernstein) and Family
1967-1982, n.d.

Box 12
Research related travel



Caribbean Seminar
circa 1932

Box 12
Patzcuaro, Mexico
1940, n.d.

Box 12
Venezuela
1944, n.d.

Box 12
Unidentified
n.d.

Box 12
RESTRICTED MATERIALS



Restricted Material from Boxes 1-12


Box 13

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Marsh, Margaret Alexander.
  • Smith College--Faculty.


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