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Howard Madison Parshley Papers, 1913-1991
1.042 linear feet (3 containers)
Collection number: CA.MS.00064

Abstract:
Professor, zoology, translator, The Second Sex. Contains, biographical information, articles, correspondence, photographs, published works, notes and translations. Notable correspondents include Adelaide Cromwell and Margaret Sanger.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Restrictions on use:

Smith College retains copyright of materials created as part of its business operations; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Smith College, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Smith College Archives

Biographical / Historical

Howard Madison Parshley was a professor at Smith from 1917 until 1952, and the chairman of the Zoology Department for many years. His early specialization in entomology broadened to include studies of genetics, reproduction and human sexuality. At Smith he taught classes in general zoology, genetics/reproduction and entomology. His publications included books, reviews and more than 300 articles in scientific as well as nonscientific journals. His books include Science and Good Behavior, The Science of Human Reproduction, and A Survey of Biology. Parshley was recognized as an international authority on the Hemiptera-Heteroptera and was editor of the General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Parshley wrote the screenplay and co-starred with Clarence Darrow, the well-known evolutionist of the Scopes trial, in the documentary film, "The Mystery of Life," which was filmed and released in 1931. His fellow faculty called him a "pioneer in the application of the scientific outlook to the behavior of man." A talented musician and music-lover, for decades he played the double bass in the Smith College Orchestra, in the Pioneer Valley Symphony and in the professional Springfield Symphony Orchestra.

Born to a pianist and a Baptist minister in Hallowell, Maine in 1884, Parshley grew up in eastern New York. With a strong classical education from the Boston Latin School (1901-1905) he went on to study at Harvard University, achieving an A.B. (1909), an A.M. (1910) and an Sc.D (1917). Concurrent with these studies Parshley also attended the New England Conservatory of Music. He married Nancy Fredricson in 1910. From 1911 to 1914 he taught zoology at the University of Maine in Orono. The Parshley's son, Thomas Fredricson Parshley was born in 1912 and their daughter, Elsa Parshley Brown, Smith '35 was born in 1914.

In 1917, Parshley accepted a position at Smith as assistant professor of zoology. He soon became professor and later chairman of the Department. He began translating into English what is now called "The Feminist Bible," Simone de Beauvoir's groundbreaking and controversial Le Deuxieme Sexe, in November 1949. During his work, he suffered a minor heart attack in 1952. Shortly after the publication of his translation of The Second Sex, and the completion of his translation of a French zoology book on mammals, Parshley died of a second heart attack on May 19, 1953. Parshley's translation of de Beauvoir's The Second Sex is still in print and widely used by Women's Studies programs throughout the English-speaking world.

[Biographical note prepared in cooperation with Elsa Parshley Brown]

Scope and Contents

Collection contains biographical information, articles, correspondence, photographs, published works, notes and translations. Notable correspondents include Adelaide Cromwell and Margaret Sanger.

This collection is organized into four series:

  1. I. Biographical
  2. II. Photographs
  3. III. Correspondence
  4. IV. Publications

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Restrictions on use:

Smith College retains copyright of materials created as part of its business operations; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Smith College, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Preferred Citation

Howard Madison Parshley Papers, Smith College Archives, CA-MS-00064, Smith College Special Collections, Northampton, Massachusetts.

History of the Collection

The Second Sex manuscript and related materials were donated by Professor Parshley's daughter, Elsa Parshley Brown, Smith class of 1935. All other materials are from various sources at Smith College.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Series I. Biographical



Biographical
1922-1988

Box 963: folder 1
SERIES II: Photographs



Photographs
undated

Box 963: folder 2
SERIES III: Correspondence



Correspondence with family and associates
1933-1991

Box 963: folder 3
Correspondence on the translation of Le Deuxieme Sexe
ca.Jul 1949 - Dec 1949

Box 963: folder 4
ca.Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Box 963: folder 5
Jan 1951 - Jun 1951

Box 963: folder 6
ca.Jul 1951 - Dec 1951

Box 963: folder 7
Jan 1952 - Jun 1952

Box 963: folder 8
Jul 1952 - Jan 1953

Box 963: folder 9
Mar 1953 - Apr 1953

Box 963: folder 10
SERIES IV: Publications



Publications: A - G
1913-1952

Box 963.1: folder 1
Publications: H - Z
1917-1949

Box 963.1: folder 2
Publications: Reviews
1918-1952

Box 963.1: folder 3
Copy of Le Deuxieme Sexe by Simone de Beauvior
1949

Box 963.1: folder 4
The Second Sex: News clippings, miscellany
ca.1952

Box 963.1: folder 5
The Second Sex: Publishing notes
ca.1952

Box 963.1: folder 6
The Second Sex: Translation notes
ca.1951-1953

Box 963.1: folder 7
The Second Sex: Manuscript: Book I, Preface and Part I, p.1-127
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.1: folder 8
Book I, Part II, p.128-232
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 1
Book I, Part III, Chap IX
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 2
Book I, Part III, Chap X-XI
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 3
Book II, Part I, Chap I
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 4
Book II, Part I, Chap II
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 5
Book II, Part I-II, Chap IV-V
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 6
Book II, Part II, Chap VI-VII
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 7
Book II, Part II, Chap VIII-X
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 8
Book II, Part III
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 9
Book II, Part IV
ca.1949-1953

Box 963.2: folder 10
"The Mystery of Life": film poster
1931

Box OV

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Beauvoir, Simone de, 1908- Deuxieme sexe.
  • Cromwell, Adelaide M., Class of 1940
  • Parshley, H. M. (Howard Madison), 1884-1953.
  • Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966.
  • Smith College--Faculty.


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