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Frank Hamilton Hankins Papers, 1922-1968
9 boxes (3.75 linear ft.)
Collection number: RG 42

Abstract:
Professor of Sociology, demographer, author and lecturer. Contains articles, correspondence, written speeches, photographs, minutes from meetings, and publications.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Frank Hamilton Hankins was born on September 27, 1877 in Wilkshire, Ohio. He grew up in Kansas, where he received an A.B. from Baker University in 1901. He served as superintendent of schools in Waverly, Kansas for two years before entering Columbia University. As a graduate student and fellow in statistics, Hankins was strongly influenced by the philosophy and logic of John Stuart Mill, the sociology of Giddings, Spencer, and Ward, and the quantitative work of Quetelet, Galton, and Pearson. His doctoral dissertation, "Adolphe Quetelet as Statitician" (1908), was an important contribution to the development of empirical sociology.

Hankins served as a member of the Clark University faculty for sixteen years (1906-22), and head of the Department of Political and Social Science beginning in 1908. Clark, at the time, was under the leadership of the influential psychologist G. Stanley Hall, and was visited by famous psychoanalysts such as Sigmund Freud and Havelock Ellis. Thus, it was a center of research, graduate study, and stimulating scholarly controversy. Hankins contributed numerous articles to scholarly journals, lectured frequently at other universities, studied social conditions in Europe before and after World War I, and taught at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politique in Paris in 1921.

Hankins joined the Smith College faculty in 1922 as Professor of Sociology, and for many years he served as department chairman, until he left Smith in 1946. Under the presidency of William Allan Neilson, Smith was an exciting and non-cloistered campus. Hankins, in his years at Smith, built up an excellent group of sociologists on campus, which included people such as Harry Elmer Barnes, Ray Billington, G.A. Borgese, Merle Curti, and Harold Faulkner, among others. Hankins was very active on many different boards and organizations on population and individual rights. In 1930, Hankins was elected the first President of the American Sociological Society, and in 1945 President of the American Population Association. He also taught and lectured widely, serving on the faculties of Amherst College, Columbia, Berkeley, the Army Center at Biarritz, and, following his retirement from Smith, the University of Pennsylvania. In 1936, he studied, on the scene, social conditions in Nazi Germany.

Hankins contributed widely to scholarly journals, anthologies, and the Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. His ground-breaking study, The Racial Basis of Civilization: A Critique of the Nordic Doctrine, was published in 1926. In 1928, he published An Introduction to the Study of Society, a textual treatise presenting his principal theoretical and substantive concerns and convictions. Hankins' writings reveal a keen interest in the role of biological factors in social life and history and, conversely, in the role of such selective processes as urbanization, education, persecution, and war in the determination of population quantity and quality. He argued in favor of birth control, more for the lower classes and less for the privileged. He condemned authoritarian institutions and practices and supported the maximization of opportunity for all. He also denounced racist policies and believed that racially mixed populations were physically and socially beneficial.

Hankins died of a heart attack at the age of 92 on January 24, 1970 in Franklin Lakes, New Jersey. At the time of his death, he was an eminent sociologist and demographer, distinguished author and lecturer, provocative and influential teacher, an ardent proponent of a strictly scientific sociology, and a concerned humanist.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Frank Hamilton Hankins Papers span a period from 1922 to 1968, and much of the material is composed of his numerous publications. The collection also covers his involvement in various societies and organizations. The folders are arranged alphabetically, and the hefty folders full of letters and notes regarding Hankins' various organizations point to his involvement in the sociological world. Overall, the Frank Hamilton Hankins Papers are composed of articles, correspondence, written speeches, photographs, minutes from meetings, publications, and information from Hankins' time at different universities, such as Columbia and Clark.

In addition to some chronologies of Hankins' history, the biographical materials also contain some articles and press releases at the time of his death. Much of the information is repetitious, but they are a good source of factual insight.

The correspondence and subject files include the many letters Hankins wrote to his peers over the years, on general subjects as well as specific ones. In addition to general correspondence, there is one box of material devoted specifically to the correspondence between Hankins and his colleague Harry Elmer Barnes. This series also contains several subject files of a variety of topics.

Copies of Hankins' publications comprise the largest part of this collection. There is some information on debates Hankins was involved with and lectures he gave. Also, there are some materials on Hankins' contributions to The New Humanist, a journal that aims to cover unrestricted and liberal viewpoints. Hankins' collaboration with Farrar & Rinehart Publishers is also well documented. This file includes correspondence, notes, monetary agreements, and memorandums. Apparently, Hankins was editing several textbooks on sociology. There also seems to be a paper on Hankins' thoughts on American Development.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Frank Hamilton Hankins Papers, Box #, Smith College Archives.

History of the Collection

Processing Information

The Frank Hamilton Hankins Papers were processed by Katrina Cokeng, 2002, CDO Archival Intern in 1999-2000.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Series I. Biographical Materials



The first series, Biographical Materials, contains several summaries of Hankins' life. Several newspapers, such as the Boston Globe and the Daily Hampshire Gazette, carried articles on Hankins' death. There are also some of what appear to be press releases from the Smith College Office of Publicity regarding Hankins and his activities in the community. One folder also contains several photographs of Hankins and his wife, as well as Hankins instructing a student.

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA


Box 1: folder 1
Series II. Subject Files and Organizations



There are approximately two and a half boxes devoted to the second series, Correspondence. Hankins wrote to many people, especially his colleague Harry Elmer Barnes. The correspondence between Hankins and Barnes covers a period from the early 1920's to the late 1960's. Both men often helped each other in their work and exchanged opinions. The other letters cover a range of subjects, from Hankins' academic work to more personal notes. The correspondence is especially rich in the 1930s. A vast majority of the correspondence is typed and reflect Hankins' involvement in a large variety of organizations. There are also several folders of congratulatory letters and cards wishing Hankins a happy 70th, 90th, and 91st birthday.

AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR DEMOCRACY AND INTELLECTUAL FREEDOM


Box 1: folder 2
AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT


Box 1: folder 3
AMERICAN EUGENICS SOCIETY
1937-38

Box 1: folder 4
AMERICAN EUGENICS SOCIETY
1939-48

Box 1: folder 5
AMERICAN EUGENICS SOCIETY - TEXTBOOK


Box 1: folder 6
AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETY


Box 1: folder 7
CLARK UNIVERSITY


Box 2: folder 1
CLARK UNIVERSITY - DEGREES


Box 2: folder 2
CLARK UNIVERSITY - SCHOLARSHIP


Box 2: folder 3
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY


Box 2: folder 4
CORNELL UNIVERSITY


Box 2: folder 5
CORRESPONDENCE
1922-67

Box 2: folder 6
CORRESPONDENCE - BIRTHDAY
1947

Box 2: folder 7
CORRESPONDENCE - BIRTHDAY
1967

Box 2: folder 8
CORRESPONDENCE - BIRTHDAY
1968

Box 2: folder 9
CORRESPONDENCE - BARNES, HARRY ELMER


Box 2: folder 10
CORRESPONDENCE - BRYSON, GLADYS


Box 2: folder 11
CORRESPONDENCE - MARSH, MARGARET


Box 2: folder 12
CORRESPONDENCE - TEAGLE, ALICE
1904

Box 2: folder 13
CORRESPONDENCE
1945

Box 2: folder 14
DEBATES


Box 2: folder 15
FARRAR & RINEHART


Box 2: folder 16
FELLOWSHIPS


Box 2: folder 17
GENERAL


Box 2: folder 18
HUMANIST MANIFESTO


Box 2: folder 19
LECTURES


Box 2: folder 20
MACMILLAN COMPANY


Box 3: folder 1
NORTHAMPTON - TERCENTENARY


Box 3: folder 2
ORAL HISTORY


Box 3: folder 3
OREGON UNIVERSITY


Box 3: folder 4
PHOTOGRAPHS


Box 3: folder 5
PLANNED PARENTHOOD - BIRTH CONTROL RESEARCH


Box 3: folder 6
PLANNED PARENTHOOD - SANGER


Box 3: folder 7
POPULATION ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA


Box 3: folder 8
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU
1935-49

Box 3: folder 9
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREARU
1946

Box 3: folder 10
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU
1950-52

Box 3: folder 11
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU
1953-54

Box 3: folder 12
QUESTIONNAIRE


Box 4: folder 1
RETIREMENT


Box 4: folder 2
SHANGHAI, CHINA


Box 4: folder 3
SOCIOLOGY DEPARTMENT
1939-42

Box 4: folder 4
SMITH COLLEGE SCHOOL FOR SOCIAL WORK


Box 4: folder 5
SOCIAL FORCES


Box 4: folder 6
SOCIOLOGY DEPARTMENT - LECTURES


Box 4: folder 7
SOCIOLOGY DEPARTMENT - SURVEY SOCIAL SCIENCE


Box 4: folder 8
SOCIOLOGY DEPARTMENT - MAJORS


Box 4: folder 9
SPEECHES


Box 4: folder 10
SPEECHES - GET TOGETHER CLUB


Box 4: folder 11
TECHNICAL AID DILEMMA


Box 4: folder 12
Series III. Correspondence



Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and content:

Subject Files and Organizations covers a broad range of topics, from Hankins' involvement in the American Eugenics Society to the development of the Sociology department. There are also several folders on the various universities Hankins taught at, such as Clark University, Columbia University, and Cornell University. Descriptions of scholarships and fellowships are also included. Looking through these various subject files, it is easy to get a general idea of Hankins. He was obviously interested in such topics as eugenics and population control. His participation in the American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom, the American Eugenics Society, and the American Sociological Society is extensively covered. These folders are largely composed of correspondence, but also include essays and a scrapbook.

CORRESPONDENCE
1936

Box 5: folder 1
CORRESPONDENCE
Jan-May 1937

Box 5: folder 2
CORREPONDENCE
June-Dec 1937

Box 5: folder 3
CORRESPONDENCE - Phelps, Harold A.
1936

Box 5: folder 4
CORRESPONDENCE - Fairchild, Henry Platt
1936

Box 5: folder 5
CORRESPONDENCE - Faris, Ellsworth
1937

Box 5: folder 6
CORRESPONDENCE - Phelps, Harold A.
1937

Box 5: folder 7
CORRESPONDENCE - Foreign Correspondence


Box 5: folder 8
FINANCES


Box 5: folder 9
ORGANIZATION - VOL. 1, NO. 1


Box 5: folder 10
REVIEWS


Box 5: folder 11
CORRESPONDENCE - Barnes, Harry Elmer
1925-49

Box 6: folder 1
CORRESPONDENCE - Barnes, Harry Elmer
1950-61

Box 6: folder 2
CORRESPONDENCE - Barnes, Harry Elmer
1962-

Box 6: folder 3
CORRESPONDENCE - Barnes, Harry Elmer, Testimonial Volume - Jorelamon, Dorothy


Box 6: folder 4
CORRESPONDENCE - Barnes, Harry Elmer, Testimonial Volume - Religious Ideas


Box 6: folder 5
Series IV. Publications and Speeches



Hankins was a very prolific writer, and the Publications and Speeches series contains almost all of his work. He published many pamphlets on a variety of topics, such as issues of race, population control, and poverty. These are themes that keep recurring through his work. Many of his articles have been published in various newspapers, and these are included as well. It is apparent that Hankins was a progressive thinker who enjoyed challenging existing beliefs.

PUBLICATIONS


Box 7: folder 1
PUB - Adolph Quetelet as Statistician


Box 7: folder 2
PUB - The Approach to Responsibility


Box 7: folder 3
PUB - Are Nordics Superior?


Box 7: folder 4
PUB - Barnes, Harry Elmer, International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences


Box 7: folder 5
PUB - Biology and Society: Modern Social Organization


Box 7: folder 6
PUB - Civilization and Fertility


Box 7: folder 7
PUB - The Conflict of Civilization and Parenthood


Box 7: folder 8
PUB - The Contributions of Science to Social Work


Box 7: folder 9
PUB - The Declining Birth Rate


Box 7: folder 10
PUB - Dictionary of Sociology


Box 7: folder 11
PUB - Does Advancing Civilization Involve...Fertility?


Box 7: folder 12
PUB - Editorials


Box 7: folder 13
PUB - El Libre Albedrio Y El Determinismo


Box 7: folder 14
PUB - Eugenic Hypothesis


Box 7: folder 15
PUB - Eugenics and the Culture Drift


Box 7: folder 16
PUB - Facts and the Nordic Doctrine


Box 7: folder 17
Forty-Year Perspective


Box 7: folder 18
PUB - Franklin Henry Giddings, 1855-1931


Box 7: folder 19
PUB - Franklin Henry Giddings


Box 7: folder 20
PUB - Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Teaching


Box 7: folder 21
PUB - Further Suggestions Concerning the Content of an Elementary Course


Box 7: folder 22
PUB - German Policies for Increasing Births


Box 8: folder 1
PUB - Giddings, Franklin Henry


Box 8: folder 2
Note:

See Franklin Henry Giddings

PUB - Granville, Stanley Hall
1846-1924

Box 8: folder 3
Hampshire History


Box 8: folder 4
Heredity and Environment


Box 8: folder 5
PUB - The Historian Must Be Free


Box 8: folder 6
PUB - How About the Jews?


Box 8: folder 7
PUB - Humanism and World Consciousness


Box 8: folder 8
PUB - Humanism and the Culture Stream


Box 8: folder 9
PUB - Humanitarianism in the Light of Biology


Box 8: folder 10
PUB - Individual Differences and Democratic Theory


Box 8: folder 11
PUB - Individual Differences and Their Significance for Social Theory


Box 8: folder 12
PUB - Individual Differences: The Galton-Pearson Approach


Box 8: folder 13
PUB - Individual Freedom with Some Sociological Implications of Determinism


Box 8: folder 14
PUB - Introduction to Sociology


Box 8: folder 15
PUB - Introduction to the Study of Society, 1st ed.
1928

Box 8: folder 16
PUB - Introduction to the Study of Society, Rev. ed.
1935

Box 8: folder 17
PUB - Is Our Innate National Intelligence Declining?


Box 8: folder 18
PUB - Is the Differential Fertility of the Social Class Selective?


Box 8: folder 19
PUB - Latest in the Philosophy of History


Box 8: folder 20
PUB - Meaning of Race and Race Superiority


Box 9: folder 1
PUB - Migrant Asia by R. Mukerjee


Box 9: folder 2
PUB - Modern Social Organizations


Box 9: folder 3
PUB - Morals and Religion


Box 9: folder 4
PUB - Morgan's La Prehistorie Orientale


Box 9: folder 5
PUB - New Books on God, Immortality, and Religious Origins


Box 9: folder 6
PUB - Organic Plasticity Versus Organic Response


Box 9: folder 7
PUB - Our Load of Defective Genes


Box 9: folder 8
PUB - Poverty and Birth Control


Box 9: folder 9
PUB - Patriotism and Peace


Box 9: folder 10
PUB - Pressure of Population as a Cause of War


Box 9: folder 11
PUB - Questions for Sociology: An Informal Round Table


Box 9: folder 12
PUB - Quetelet's Average Man in Modern Scientific Research


Box 9: folder 13
PUB - Racial Differences and Industrial Welfare


Box 9: folder 14
PUB - The Rationality of Birth Control


Box 9: folder 15
PUB - Reason Versus Authority as a Guide to Living


Box 9: folder 16
PUB - The Reparations Problem and the Dawes Report


Box 9: folder 17
PUB - Reviews


Box 9: folder 18
PUB - Rising Tide of Racial Tension


Box 9: folder 19
PUB - Social Biology


Box 9: folder 20
PUB - Social Science and Social Action


Box 9: folder 21
PUB - Sociology


Box 9: folder 22
PUB - Sociology and Social Guidance Discussion


Box 9: folder 23
PUB - Students' Ratings of Instruction


Box 9: folder 24
PUB - Sumner Centenary Volume


Box 9: folder 25
PUB - Tillich, Paul


Box 9: folder 26
PUB - Transformations Politiques Recentes Aux Etats-Unis


Box 9: folder 27
PUB - Under-Developed Areas with Special Reference to Population Reforms


Box 9: folder 28

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Clark University (Worcester, Mass.)--Faculty.
  • Hankins, Frank Hamilton, 1877-
  • Smith College--Faculty.

Contributors
  • Barnes, Harry Elmer, 1889-1968.
  • Bryson, Gladys, 1894-1952.
  • Faris, Ellsworth, 1874-
  • Marsh, Margaret S., 1945-
  • Phelps, Harold Augustus, 1898-


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