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Dorothea de Schweinitz Papers, 1908-1980
2 boxes (1 linear ft.)
Collection number: RG 80. Class of 1912.

Abstract:
Dorothea de Schweinitz was one of the first female regional directors for the National Labor Relations Board, in St. Louis. De Schweinitz worked in employer-labor relations and as an industrial relations specialist for the War Production Board in Washington D.C. Materials include biographical material, correspondence to her parents during her year in Europe after her graduation from Smith College and correspondence between de Schweinitz and her father. Also included are her many publications, both on herself and her family, trade publications on labor and industry, and articles for the Smith Alumnae Quarterly, as well as her memorabilia book from her time at Smith.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Dorothea de Schweinitz was born on September 5, 1891 in Nazareth, Pennsylvania, the third child of Bishop Paul de Schweinitz and Mary Catherine Daniel. De Schweinitz attended the Moravian Parochial School and graduated from Smith College in 1912. Descendant of six generations of ministers, she became a volunteer social worker in Bethlehem after graduation. During her career in vocational and employment guidance work, she also pursued post-graduate studies at the Universities of Wisconsin and Chicago and received her MA in Economics from Columbia University in 1929.

It was in New York City that de Schweinitz became interested in the difficulties of low-skilled laborers through her work as placement secretary at the Central Branch of the Y.W.C.A. de Schweinitz spent twenty years in vocational and employment guidance work, developing a Junior Employment Service in the public schools in Philadelphia and in service for the Pennsylvania State Employment Service, as well as working in the research departments of the Wharton School (Penn.) and the U.S. Employment Service in Washington D.C. In 1937, de Schweinitz was appointed as one of the first of three female regional directors for the National Labor Relations Board, in St. Louis. De Schweinitz spent the next twenty years in employer-labor relations and as an industrial relations specialist for the War Production Board in Washington D.C. beginning in 1942.

After her long and successful career, de Schweinitz gave her time in retirement to another pioneer field, historical preservation, in volunteer work in establishing Georgetown as an historic district. She was also very active in the Washington branch of the Smith College Club. De Schweinitz was awarded a Smith College Medal in 1974.

De Schweinitz received a number of grants to support her studies and publications on employment and labor relations, including one from the Wertheim Committee of Harvard University in 1948.

Until her death at the age of 89 on November 15, 1980, de Schweinitz enjoyed writing and publishing small pieces about her experiences and enjoyed visiting friends in the U.S. and abroad. Her informal writings are uniformly cheerful and articulate and demonstrate, as she would say herself, her diffidence and sociability and sense of responsibility to the community.

Scope and Contents

The Dorothea de Schweinitz Papers consist of biographical materials, some correspondence to her parents during her year abroad in Europe following her graduation from Smith College (1913-1914), a single correspondence between de Schweinitz and her father during her tenure on the National Labor Relations Board (1939), her many publications, both on herself and her family, trade publications on labor and industry, and for the Smith Alumnae Quarterly, and her memorabilia book from her time at Smith.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Dorothea de Schweinitz Papers, Box #, Smith College Archives.

History of the Collection

The Dorothea de Schweinitz Papers were donated over a period of time to the Smith College Archives from a variety of sources.

Processing Information

Processed by Laurie Winslow.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
SERIES I. BIOGRAPHY



Biographical materials


Box 1
SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE



Correspondence
Jan 1913 - Mar 1914

Box 1
Correspondence
1939

Box 1
SERIES III. PUBLICATIONS



Bibliography


Box 1
Autobiography
1980

Box 1
Family History
1974

Box 1
Georgetown
1964, 1971

Box 1
Industry


Box 1
SERIES IV. MEMORABILIA BOOK



Memorabilia Book
1908 - 1914

Box 2

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • De Schweinitz, Dorothea, 1891-
  • De Schweinitz, Paul.
  • Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)--History.
  • Industrial relations--United States--History--20th century--Sources.
  • Labor--United States--History--20th century--Sources.
  • Schweinitz family.
  • Smith College--Students.

Contributors
  • De Schweinitz, Paul.


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