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Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers, 1874-1967
4.833 linear feet (13 containers)
Collection number: CA.MS.00102

Abstract:
Instructor of Greek, archaeologist, nurse, relief worker. Contains writings, correspondence, journals, news clippings, notes, photographs, and publications.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Restrictions on use:

Smith College retains copyright of materials created as part of its business operations; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Smith College, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Smith College Archives

Biographical / Historical

Harriet Boyd Hawes was born on October 11, 1871 in Boston, Massachusetts. She was educated at the Prospect Hill School in Greenfield and graduated from Smith College in 1892 with a degree in classics. Hawes always felt a deep love for Greece and a strong desire to understand its culture and history. She studied at the American School at Athens from 1896-97 and the next year became a Fellow there. While in Greece, she learned that the Greeks (who were in the midst of the first Greco-Turkish War) had no nursing supplies and with support from the Queen of Greece soon became a nursing volunteer. Several years later she was decorated by the Queen for her contributions.

Hawes soon became well known not only for her volunteer work but also for her expertise in the field of archaeology. For four months in the spring of 1900, she led an excavation at Kavousi, Crete during which she discovered houses and tombs from the Geometric period (900 BC). During another excavation less than a year later in Gournia, Crete, she discovered a Mycenaean provincial town and later published a book entitled, Crete: the Forerunner of Greece.

Hawes accepted a position at Smith College teaching Greek archaeology in 1900 and received her M.A. from Smith in 1901. She taught at Smith until 1905 interspersing her time there with frequent trips abroad for archaeological excursions. During one trip to Crete, she met Charles Henry Hawes, an English anthropologist and archeologist who later became the associate director of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. They were married on March 3, 1906 and nine months later their son, Alexander Boyd Hawes was born. A daughter, Mary Nesbit Hawes followed in August of 1910. By this time Charles was teaching at Dartmouth and the family was living in Hanover, New Hampshire.

Despite her commitment to her family, Hawes remained active in both humanities and her field of archaeology. In 1910, Hawes received an honorary degree from Smith College. She traveled to Corfu in 1915 for a year to work extensively with the Serbian Army. In 1916, she helped the wounded in France and a year later she founded and was the first director of the Smith College Relief Unit in France. She held this title for three years during which time she worked as a nurse's aide at the YMCA.

In 1920, the Hawes' moved to Cambridge and Harriet joined the faculty at Wellesley lecturing on Ancient Art. When Charles retired in 1936, the couple moved to Washington D.C. where Harriet remained after her husband died. She died on March 31, 1945.

Biographical / Historical
1871
Born Boston, Massachusetts, October 11
1892-96
Teacher of Classics, schools in North Carolina and Delaware
1892
Graduated from Smith College
1896
Graduate work, American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1897
Nurse and relief worker in Thessaly with Greek Army, Greco-Turkish War
1898-99
Fellow of American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1898
Nurse Spanish-American War in Tampa, Florida - Summer
1899-00
Agnes Hoppin Memorial Fellow, Bryn Mawr College
1900
Excavation at Kavousi, Crete - May-June
1900-06
Part-time Instructor, Smith College in Archaeology, Epigraphy and modern Greek
1901-04
Director of excavations of the American Exploration Society - Gournia, Crete, Assisted by Blanche Emily Wheeler 1892.
1901
M.A. Smith College
1902
First woman invited to address the Societies of the Archaeological Institute of American
1906
Married Charles Henry Hawes
1910
Awarded Doctor of Humane Letters, Smith College
1915-16
Established hospital for wounded and ill on Corfu for Serbian army - World War I
1917-18
Organizer and first Director of Smith College Relief Unit in France - World War I
1918-20
Nurse's aid with YMCA at American Hospital, Longchamps - World War I
1920-36
Lecturer in Ancient Art, Wellesley College
1933
Sued by A.R. Hyde and Son, for damages resulting from her involvement in company strike
1938
Traveled to Czechoslovakia during take-over of Sudetenland, detained by German authorities
1945
Died March 31, Washington, D.C.
Scope and Contents

The Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers document her work as an archaeologist and as a nurse and relief worker in three wars. They contain a large amount of writings, both published and unpublished, on various subjects relating to her professional work and volunteer activities as well as her political opinions. There is personal, and professional correspondence dating from 1886-1945 and a small amount of material on her career as a college instructor at Smith and Wellesley Colleges.

The material is arranged in five series: Biographical Material, Correspondence, Professional Life, Publications and Activities. Where appropriate, correspondence and publications may have been placed under one of the other headings.

The material relating to Hawes' professional life documents her excavations on Crete (1900-04) and contains correspondence, journals, news clippings, some notes on excavations and photographs of sites, objects and graves. Included are photographs of objects that are housed in the University Museum at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

Publications include drafts of published and unpublished books and articles on ancient art and on her field work, plus one short story and scenarios intended for films.

Hawes' work as a nurse and relief worker in the Greco-Turkish War in 1897 is documented in detail. There are drafts of her manuscripts In Defense of Crete (1914) and Greek Cross and Red Cross (1898?) plus news articles, clippings and some photographs. Her World War I activities are documented in various accounts of her experiences as a representative of the American Distributing Service on Corfu where she organized a hospital for the wounded and ill of the Serbian Army (1915-16). There are approximately 30 photographs of the facility, its staff and surroundings. Hawes' work with the Smith College Relief Unit (1917-18) is documented by correspondence and writings on the founding of the Unit, plus a journal, news clippings and photographs.

This collection is organized into five series:

  1. I. Biographical Material
  2. II. Correspondence
  3. III. Professional Life
  4. IV. Publications
  5. V. Activities

Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Restrictions on use:

Smith College retains copyright of materials created as part of its business operations; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Smith College, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Preferred Citation

Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers, Smith College Archives, CA-MS-00102, Smith College Special Collections, Northampton, Massachusetts.

History of the Collection

The papers of Harriet Boyd Hawes were given to Smith College by her daughter, Mrs. Mary Nesbit Allsebrook in 1967. Additional material was received in 1982 from Phyllis Lehmann, a student of Hawes and Professor Emeritus of Art at Smith College.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Special Collections
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: specialcollections@smith.edu
URL: https://www.smith.edu/libraries/special-collections
Language
English
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Contents List
Series I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL



Contents of Collection


Box 851: folder 1
Autobiography "Memories and Opinions"
1944

Box 851: folder 2
Notes and drafts


Box 851: folder 3
Award, L.H.D. Smith College
1910

Box 851: folder 4
General and miscellaneous


Box 851: folder 5
Education, Prospect Hill School
1888

Box 851: folder 6
Education, Smith College
1888-92

Box 851: folder 7
Family miscellaneous


Box 851: folder 8
Family photographs


Box 851: folder 9
Fellowship, American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1898-99

Box 851: folder 10
Correspondence
1896-99

Box 851: folder 11
Photographs


Box 851: folder 12
Fellowship, Archaeological Institute of America
1902

Box 851: folder 13
Journal, religious (1892), Line-A-Day (1896-1900)


Box 851: folder 14
printed material from Hull House
1902-04

Box 851: folder 15
Line-A-Day
1901-05

Box 851: folder 16
Xerox copy


Box 851: folder 17
1908-1917

Box 854: folder 18
1918-24

Box 854: folder 19
1931

Box 854: folder 20
"Miss Boyd - A Rebel from Boston" unpublished, biography by Mary Nesbit Allsebrook
1967

Box 855
Photographs
ca.1874-1962

Box 856: folder 21
Poetry


Box 856: folder 22
Religion


Box 856: folder 23
Symposium at Smith College, A Land Called Crete
1967

Box 856: folder 24
Trip to Prague - Account by H.B.H.
1938

Box 856: folder 25
Correspondence, Misc.
1938

Box 856: folder 26
Series II. CORRESPONDENCE



From:



Boyd, Alexander (brother)
1890-91

Box 856: folder 27
Boyd, Allen (brother)
1910

Box 856: folder 28
MacKenzie, Duncan
1910

Box 856: folder 29
Olga, Queen of Greece
1912-20

Box 856: folder 30
photographs


Box 856: folder 31
Richter, Gisela
1906

Box 856: folder 32
Ridgeway, William
1909

Box 856: folder 33
Santayana, George


Box 856: folder 34
Tyler, Henry M. President Seelye
1908-14

Box 856: folder 35
To:



Allesbrook, Mary (daughter)
1921-1939

Box 856: folder 36
Allesbrook Mary (daughter)
1940-44

Box 856: folder 37
Averny, Myrtilla
1934

Box 856: folder 38
Boyd, Alex and Ida (cousins)
1905-13

Box 856: folder 39
Roosevelt, Eleanor
1939-41

Box 856: folder 40
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
1937-45

Box 856: folder 41
Swing, Raymond Gram
1942-43

Box 856: folder 42
Waring, Mary Kimberly
1899-1945

Box 856: folder 43
Photographs


Box 856: folder 44
Miscellaneous
1888 1892

Box 856: folder 45
Miscellaneous
1916-19

Box 856: folder 46
Miscellaneous
1920-23

Box 856: folder 47
Miscellaneous
1924-30

Box 856: folder 48
Miscellaneous
1931-34

Box 856: folder 49
Miscellaneous
1935-37

Box 856: folder 50
Miscellaneous
1938-39

Box 856: folder 51
Miscellaneous
1940

Box 856: folder 52
Miscellaneous
1941-42

Box 856: folder 53
Miscellaneous
1943-45

Box 856: folder 54
Waring, Mary Kimberly from:Sarah Storer
1892-1894

Box 856: folder 55
Miscellaneous
1894-1905

Box 856: folder 56
Wheeler, Blanche Emily
1900-01

Box 856: folder 57
Series III. PROFESSIONAL LIFE



Lectures: advertisements, correspondence
1901-14

Box 857: folder 58
News clippings
1901-14

Box 857: folder 59
Kavousi



Correspondence
May-Jun 1900

Box 857: folder 60
News Clippings


Box 857: folder 61
Notes


Box 857: folder 62
Publications
1901-03

Box 857: folder 63
Gournia



Correspondence
1901-05

Box 857: folder 64
Journal (Mar-Ap)
1901

Box 857: folder 65
Journal (May)
1901

Box 857: folder 66
Journal of trip (Feb-Mar)
1904

Box 857: folder 67
Journal (Ap-Jul)
1904

Box 857: folder 68
Miscellaneous


Box 857: folder 69
Notes


Box 857: folder 70
Crete - Correspondence and Notes
1926

Box 857: folder 71
Photographs



Graves


Box 857: folder 72
Kavousi


Box 857: folder 73
miscellaneous


Box 857: folder 74
pottery


Box 857: folder 75-76
site


Box 857: folder 77
site and landscape


Box 857: folder 78
Speeches
1916-17

Box 858: folder 79
Speech at Alumnae Assembly
Jun 18, 1912

Box 858: folder 80
Speeches, Balkan War
1912

Box 858: folder 81
Wellesley College Syllabi


Box 858: folder 82
Series IV. PUBLICATIONS



"Amalasuntha" (scenario)
1938-39

Box 859: folder 83
Christianity and Hellanism
1924?

Box 859: folder 84
Crete the Forerunner of Greece with Charles Henry Hawes
1909

Box 859: folder 85 Box 854.1
Correspondence
1909-10

Box 859: folder 86
"A Cretan Pompeii"
1901

Box 859: folder 87
"The First International Congress of Archaeology"
1905

Box 859: folder 88
Five Riddles of Greek Art



Chapter 1, outline
undated

Box 859: folder 89
Chapter 3
undated

Box 859: folder 90
Chapter 4
undated

Box 859: folder 91
Chapter 5
undated

Box 859: folder 92
Illustrations
undated

Box 859: folder 93
Chapter 6
undated

Box 859: folder 94
Illustrations
undated

Box 859: folder 95
Chapter 7
undated

Box 859: folder 96
"The General Election in England"
1910

Box 859: folder 97
"A Gift of Themistocles: The Ludovisi Throne and the Boston Relief"
1921

Box 859: folder 98
Gournia manuscript
1905

Box 859: folder 99-100
Gournia, Vasiliki and other Prehistoric sites on the Isthmus of Hierapetra - manuscript
1908

Box 859: folder 101
Correspondence, news clippings and advertisement
1907-15

Box 859: folder 102
Gournia miscellaneous
undated

Box 859: folder 103
"Greece and Archaeology"
undated

Box 859: folder 104
"An Immediate Appeal to America by the People of Greece"
1919

Box 859: folder 105
"Ivanhoe" (scenario)
1924

Box 859: folder 106
"Larger Loyalties"
undated

Box 859: folder 107
"Memoirs of a Pioneer Excavator in Crete"



Part I
1965

Box 864: folder 108
Part II
1965

Box 864: folder 109
"The Minotaur and the Maiden" (scenario)
1927?

Box 864: folder 110
"Prince George and Venizelos in Crete"
1906

Box 864: folder 111
"The Quest of a Buried City"
1913

Box 864: folder 112
"The Smith College Relief Unit"
1917

Box 864: folder 113
"Theseus, Prince of Athens" (scenario)
undated

Box 864: folder 114
War experiences, outline and draft for article 1906


Box 864: folder 115
"When the Mummy Moves"
1937

Box 864: folder 116
Contest
1907-08

Box 864: folder 117
Correspondence
1935-37

Box 864: folder 118
Series V. ACTIVITIES



Goldsborough Bills
1934-37

Box 861: folder 119
Goldsborough Bills
1938-39

Box 861: folder 120
Hyde Company Strike
1933

Box 861: folder 121
Hyde Company Strike, Correspondence


Box 861: folder 122
Political Opinions


Box 861: folder 123
War work - Greco-Turkish War



Correspondence
Feb-Mar 1897

Box 861: folder 124
Correspondence
Apr-May 1897

Box 861: folder 125
Correspondence
Jun-Aug 1897

Box 861: folder 126
Miscellaneous


Box 861: folder 127
Miscellaneous writings


Box 861: folder 128
News articles and clippings


Box 861: folder 129
Photographs


Box 861: folder 130
Greek Cross and Red Cross, Ch. 1
1898?

Box 861: folder 131
Chapter 2


Box 861: folder 132
Chapter 3


Box 861: folder 133
Chapter 4


Box 861: folder 134
Chapter 5


Box 861: folder 135
Chapter 6


Box 861: folder 136
Chapter 7


Box 861: folder 137
Chapter 8


Box 861: folder 138
Chapter 9


Box 861: folder 139
"Nursing with the Greek Army in 1897"


Box 861: folder 140
General

****See also oversize box for In Defense of Crete

Spanish - American War
1898

Box 862: folder 141
World War I
Corfu - Correspondence 1915- 1916

Box 862: folder 142
Correspondence
(Mar-Ap) 1916

Box 862: folder 143
News clippings
1915-1916

Box 862: folder 144
Photographs
1916

Box 862: folder 145
miscellaneous


Box 862: folder 146
Records and documents


Box 862: folder 147
Speeches and writings


Box 862: folder 148
World War I, Smith College Relief Unit - Correspondence
May 1917

Box 862: folder 149
Correspondence
Jun 1917

Box 862: folder 150
Correspondence
Jul-Aug 1917

Box 862: folder 151
Correspondence
Sep-Oct 1917

Box 862: folder 152
Correspondence
ca.Nov-Dec 1917

Box 862: folder 153
Correspondence
1918

Box 862: folder 154
Correspondence
1919-29 undated

Box 862: folder 155
Pub. "The Gates of Grecourt"
1924

Box 862: folder 156
General and miscellaneous


Box 862: folder 157
Journal
1917-18

Box 862: folder 158
News clippings


Box 862: folder 159
Photographs


Box 862: folder 160
World War I, Smith College Relief Unit - Confidential


Box 862: folder 161
Oversize: War Work - Greco-Turkish War, 1897, includes manuscript In Defense of Crete.


Box 864.1
Addition (1994)


Box 860.1

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Archaeologists--United States.
  • Hawes, Harriet Boyd, 1871-1945.
  • Smith College--Faculty.
  • Women archaeologists--United States.


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