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Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers, 1888-1967
11 boxes (5 linear ft.)
Collection number: RG 42

Abstract:
Instructor of Greek, archaeologist, nurse, relief worker. Contains writings, correspondence, journals, news clippings, notes, photographs, and publications.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Harriet Boyd Hawes was born on October 11, 1871 in Boston, Massachusetts. She was educated at the Prospect Hill School in Greenfield and graduated from Smith College in 1892 with a degree in classics. Hawes always felt a deep love for Greece and a strong desire to understand its culture and history. She studied at the American School at Athens from 1896-97 and the next year became a Fellow there. While in Greece, she learned that the Greeks (who were in the midst of the first Greco-Turkish War) had no nursing supplies and with support from the Queen of Greece soon became a nursing volunteer. Several years later she was decorated by the Queen for her contributions.

Hawes soon became well known not only for her volunteer work but also for her expertise in the field of archaeology. For four months in the spring of 1900, she led an excavation at Kavousi, Crete during which she discovered houses and tombs from the Geometric period (900 BC). During another excavation less than a year later in Gournia, Crete, she discovered a Mycenaean provincial town and later published a book entitled, Crete: the Forerunner of Greece.

Hawes accepted a position at Smith College teaching Greek archaeology in 1900 and received her M.A. from Smith in 1901. She taught at Smith until 1905 interspersing her time there with frequent trips abroad for archaeological excursions. During one trip to Crete, she met Charles Henry Hawes, an English anthropologist and archeologist who later became the associate director of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. They were married on March 3, 1906 and nine months later their son, Alexander Boyd Hawes was born. A daughter, Mary Nesbit Hawes followed in August of 1910. By this time Charles was teaching at Dartmouth and the family was living in Hanover, New Hampshire.

Despite her commitment to her family, Hawes remained active in both humanities and her field of archaeology. In 1910, Hawes received an honorary degree from Smith College. She traveled to Corfu in 1915 for a year to work extensively with the Serbian Army. In 1916, she helped the wounded in France and a year later she founded and was the first director of the Smith College Relief Unit in France. She held this title for three years during which time she worked as a nurse's aide at the YMCA.

In 1920, the Hawes' moved to Cambridge and Harriet joined the faculty at Wellesley lecturing on Ancient Art. When Charles retired in 1936, the couple moved to Washington D.C. where Harriet remained after her husband died. She died on March 31, 1945.

Biographical Note
1871 Born Boston, Massachusetts, October 11
1892-96 Teacher of Classics, schools in North Carolina and Delaware
1892 Graduated from Smith College
1896 Graduate work, American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1897 Nurse and relief worker in Thessaly with Greek Army, Greco-Turkish War
1898-99 Fellow of American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1898 Nurse Spanish-American War in Tampa, Florida - Summer
1899-00 Agnes Hoppin Memorial Fellow, Bryn Mawr College
1900 Excavation at Kavousi, Crete - May-June
1900-06 Part-time Instructor, Smith College in Archaeology, Epigraphy and modern Greek
1901-04 Director of excavations of the American Exploration Society - Gournia, Crete, Assisted by Blanche Emily Wheeler 1892.
1901 M.A. Smith College
1902 First woman invited to address the Societies of the Archaeological Institute of American
1906 Married Charles Henry Hawes
1910 Awarded Doctor of Humane Letters, Smith College
1915-16 Established hospital for wounded and ill on Corfu for Serbian army - World War I
1917-18 Organizer and first Director of Smith College Relief Unit in France - World War I
1918-20 Nurse's aid with YMCA at American Hospital, Longchamps - World War I
1920-36 Lecturer in Ancient Art, Wellesley College
1933 Sued by A.R. Hyde and Son, for damages resulting from her involvement in company strike
1938 Traveled to Czechoslovakia during take-over of Sudetenland, detained by German authorities
1945 Died March 31, Washington, D.C.
Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers document her work as an archaeologist and as a nurse and relief worker in three wars. They contain a large amount of writings, both published and unpublished, on various subjects relating to her professional work and volunteer activities as well as her political opinions. There is personal, and professional correspondence dating from 1886-1945 and a small amount of material on her career as a college instructor at Smith and Wellesley Colleges.

The material is arranged in five series: Biographical Material, Correspondence, Professional Life, Publications and Activities. Where appropriate, correspondence and publications may have been placed under one of the other headings.

The material relating to Hawes' professional life documents her excavations on Crete (1900-04) and contains correspondence, journals, news clippings, some notes on excavations and photographs of sites, objects and graves. Included are photographs of objects that are housed in the University Museum at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

Publications include drafts of published and unpublished books and articles on ancient art and on her field work, plus one short story and scenarios intended for films.

Hawes' work as a nurse and relief worker in the Greco-Turkish War in 1897 is documented in detail. There are drafts of her manuscripts In Defense of Crete (1914) and Greek Cross and Red Cross (1898?) plus news articles, clippings and some photographs. Her World War I activities are documented in various accounts of her experiences as a representative of the American Distributing Service on Corfu where she organized a hospital for the wounded and ill of the Serbian Army (1915-16). There are approximately 30 photographs of the facility, its staff and surroundings. Hawes' work with the Smith College Relief Unit (1917-18) is documented by correspondence and writings on the founding of the Unit, plus a journal, news clippings and photographs.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers, Box #, Smith College Archives.

History of the Collection

The papers of Harriet Boyd Hawes were given to Smith College by her daughter, Mrs. Mary Nesbit Allsebrook in 1967. Additional material was received in 1982 from Phyllis Lehmann, a student of Hawes and Professor Emeritus of Art at Smith College.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: nyoung@smith.edu
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/archives

Language
English.