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Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers, 1888-1967
11 boxes (5 linear ft.)
Collection number: RG 42

Abstract:
Instructor of Greek, archaeologist, nurse, relief worker. Contains writings, correspondence, journals, news clippings, notes, photographs, and publications.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA

Biographical Note

Harriet Boyd Hawes was born on October 11, 1871 in Boston, Massachusetts. She was educated at the Prospect Hill School in Greenfield and graduated from Smith College in 1892 with a degree in classics. Hawes always felt a deep love for Greece and a strong desire to understand its culture and history. She studied at the American School at Athens from 1896-97 and the next year became a Fellow there. While in Greece, she learned that the Greeks (who were in the midst of the first Greco-Turkish War) had no nursing supplies and with support from the Queen of Greece soon became a nursing volunteer. Several years later she was decorated by the Queen for her contributions.

Hawes soon became well known not only for her volunteer work but also for her expertise in the field of archaeology. For four months in the spring of 1900, she led an excavation at Kavousi, Crete during which she discovered houses and tombs from the Geometric period (900 BC). During another excavation less than a year later in Gournia, Crete, she discovered a Mycenaean provincial town and later published a book entitled, Crete: the Forerunner of Greece.

Hawes accepted a position at Smith College teaching Greek archaeology in 1900 and received her M.A. from Smith in 1901. She taught at Smith until 1905 interspersing her time there with frequent trips abroad for archaeological excursions. During one trip to Crete, she met Charles Henry Hawes, an English anthropologist and archeologist who later became the associate director of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. They were married on March 3, 1906 and nine months later their son, Alexander Boyd Hawes was born. A daughter, Mary Nesbit Hawes followed in August of 1910. By this time Charles was teaching at Dartmouth and the family was living in Hanover, New Hampshire.

Despite her commitment to her family, Hawes remained active in both humanities and her field of archaeology. In 1910, Hawes received an honorary degree from Smith College. She traveled to Corfu in 1915 for a year to work extensively with the Serbian Army. In 1916, she helped the wounded in France and a year later she founded and was the first director of the Smith College Relief Unit in France. She held this title for three years during which time she worked as a nurse's aide at the YMCA.

In 1920, the Hawes' moved to Cambridge and Harriet joined the faculty at Wellesley lecturing on Ancient Art. When Charles retired in 1936, the couple moved to Washington D.C. where Harriet remained after her husband died. She died on March 31, 1945.

Biographical Note
1871Born Boston, Massachusetts, October 11
1892-96Teacher of Classics, schools in North Carolina and Delaware
1892Graduated from Smith College
1896Graduate work, American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1897Nurse and relief worker in Thessaly with Greek Army, Greco-Turkish War
1898-99Fellow of American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1898Nurse Spanish-American War in Tampa, Florida - Summer
1899-00Agnes Hoppin Memorial Fellow, Bryn Mawr College
1900Excavation at Kavousi, Crete - May-June
1900-06Part-time Instructor, Smith College in Archaeology, Epigraphy and modern Greek
1901-04Director of excavations of the American Exploration Society - Gournia, Crete, Assisted by Blanche Emily Wheeler 1892.
1901M.A. Smith College
1902First woman invited to address the Societies of the Archaeological Institute of American
1906Married Charles Henry Hawes
1910Awarded Doctor of Humane Letters, Smith College
1915-16Established hospital for wounded and ill on Corfu for Serbian army - World War I
1917-18Organizer and first Director of Smith College Relief Unit in France - World War I
1918-20Nurse's aid with YMCA at American Hospital, Longchamps - World War I
1920-36Lecturer in Ancient Art, Wellesley College
1933Sued by A.R. Hyde and Son, for damages resulting from her involvement in company strike
1938Traveled to Czechoslovakia during take-over of Sudetenland, detained by German authorities
1945Died March 31, Washington, D.C.
Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers document her work as an archaeologist and as a nurse and relief worker in three wars. They contain a large amount of writings, both published and unpublished, on various subjects relating to her professional work and volunteer activities as well as her political opinions. There is personal, and professional correspondence dating from 1886-1945 and a small amount of material on her career as a college instructor at Smith and Wellesley Colleges.

The material is arranged in five series: Biographical Material, Correspondence, Professional Life, Publications and Activities. Where appropriate, correspondence and publications may have been placed under one of the other headings.

The material relating to Hawes' professional life documents her excavations on Crete (1900-04) and contains correspondence, journals, news clippings, some notes on excavations and photographs of sites, objects and graves. Included are photographs of objects that are housed in the University Museum at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

Publications include drafts of published and unpublished books and articles on ancient art and on her field work, plus one short story and scenarios intended for films.

Hawes' work as a nurse and relief worker in the Greco-Turkish War in 1897 is documented in detail. There are drafts of her manuscripts In Defense of Crete (1914) and Greek Cross and Red Cross (1898?) plus news articles, clippings and some photographs. Her World War I activities are documented in various accounts of her experiences as a representative of the American Distributing Service on Corfu where she organized a hospital for the wounded and ill of the Serbian Army (1915-16). There are approximately 30 photographs of the facility, its staff and surroundings. Hawes' work with the Smith College Relief Unit (1917-18) is documented by correspondence and writings on the founding of the Unit, plus a journal, news clippings and photographs.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

The papers are open for research according to the regulations of the Smith College Archives without any additional restrictions.

Restrictions on use:

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish material from the documents must be requested from the Smith College Archives. Smith College owns copyright to any published material relating to college events and activities. Provenance and copyright ownership of other materials is unknown and researchers are responsible for determining any question of copyright.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers, Box #, Smith College Archives.

History of the Collection

The papers of Harriet Boyd Hawes were given to Smith College by her daughter, Mrs. Mary Nesbit Allsebrook in 1967. Additional material was received in 1982 from Phyllis Lehmann, a student of Hawes and Professor Emeritus of Art at Smith College.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Smith College Archives
Northampton, MA 01063

Phone: (413) 585-2970
Fax: (413) 585-2886

Email: nyoung@smith.edu
URL: http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/archives
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Series I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL



Contents of Collection


Box 1: folder 1
Autobiography "Memories and Opinions"
1944

Box 1: folder 2
Notes and drafts


Box 1: folder 3
Award, L.H.D. Smith College
1910

Box 1: folder 4
General and miscellaneous


Box 1: folder 5
Education, Prospect Hill School
1888

Box 1: folder 6
Education, Smith College,
1888-92

Box 1: folder 7
Family miscellaneous


Box 1: folder 8
Family photographs


Box 1: folder 9
Fellowship, American School of Classical Studies, Athens
1898-99

Box 1: folder 10
Correspondence
1896-99

Box 1: folder 11
Photographs


Box 1: folder 12
Fellowship, Archaeological Institute of America
1902

Box 1: folder 13
Journal, religious (1892), Line-A-Day (1896-1900)


Box 1: folder 14
printed material from Hull House
1902-04

Box 1: folder 15
Line-A-Day
1901-05

Box 1: folder 16
Xerox copy


Box 1: folder 17
1908-1917

Box 1a: folder 18
1918-24

Box 1a: folder 19
1931

Box 1a: folder 20
"Miss Boyd - A Rebel from Boston" unpublished, biography by Mary Nesbit Allsebrook
1967

Box 2
Photographs
c. 1874-1962

Box 3: folder 21
Poetry


Box 3: folder 22
Religion


Box 3: folder 23
Symposium at Smith College, A Land Called Crete
1967

Box 3: folder 24
Trip to Prague - Account by H.B.H.
1938

Box 3: folder 25
Correspondence, Misc.
1938

Box 3: folder 26
Series II. CORRESPONDENCE



From:



Boyd, Alexander (brother)
1890-91

Box 3: folder 27
Boyd, Allen (brother)
1910

Box 3: folder 28
MacKenzie, Duncan
1910

Box 3: folder 29
Olga, Queen of Greece
1912-20

Box 3: folder 30
photographs


Box 3: folder 31
Richter, Gisela
1906

Box 3: folder 32
Ridgeway, William
1909

Box 3: folder 33
Santayana, George


Box 3: folder 34
Tyler, Henry M. President Seelye
1908-14

Box 3: folder 35
To:



Allesbrook, Mary (daughter)
1921-1939

Box 3: folder 36
Allesbrook Mary (daughter)
1940-44

Box 3: folder 37
Averny, Myrtilla
1934

Box 3: folder 38
Boyd, Alex and Ida (cousins)
1905-13

Box 3: folder 39
Roosevelt, Eleanor
1939-41

Box 3: folder 40
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
1937-45

Box 3: folder 41
Swing, Raymond Gram
1942-43

Box 3: folder 42
Waring, Mary Kimberly
1899-1945

Box 3: folder 43
Photographs


Box 3: folder 44
Miscellaneous
1888, 1892

Box 3: folder 45
Miscellaneous
1916-19

Box 3: folder 46
Miscellaneous
1920-23

Box 3: folder 47
Miscellaneous
1924-30

Box 3: folder 48
Miscellaneous
1931-34

Box 3: folder 49
Miscellaneous
1935-37

Box 3: folder 50
Miscellaneous
1938-39

Box 3: folder 51
Miscellaneous
1940

Box 3: folder 52
Miscellaneous
1941-42

Box 3: folder 53
Miscellaneous
1943-45

Box 3: folder 54
Waring, Mary Kimberly from:Sarah Storer
1892-1894

Box 3: folder 55
Miscellaneous
1894-1905

Box 3: folder 56
Wheeler, Blanche Emily
1900-01

Box 3: folder 57
Series III. PROFESSIONAL LIFE



Lectures: advertisements, correspondence
1901-14

Box 4: folder 58
News clippings
1901-14

Box 4: folder 59
Kavousi



Correspondence
May-Jun 1900

Box 4: folder 60
News Clippings


Box 4: folder 61
Notes


Box 4: folder 62
Publications
1901-03

Box 4: folder 63
Gournia



Correspondence
1901-05

Box 4: folder 64
Journal (Mar-Ap)
1901

Box 4: folder 65
Journal (May)
1901

Box 4: folder 66
Journal of trip (Feb-Mar)
1904

Box 4: folder 67
Journal (Ap-Jul)
1904

Box 4: folder 68
Miscellaneous


Box 4: folder 69
Notes


Box 4: folder 70
Crete - Correspondence and Notes
1926

Box 4: folder 71
Photographs



Graves


Box 4: folder 72
Kavousi


Box 4: folder 73
miscellaneous


Box 4: folder 74
pottery


Box 4: folder 75-76
site


Box 4: folder 77
site and landscape


Box 4: folder 78
Speeches
1916-17

Box 5: folder 79
Speech at Alumnae Assembly
Jun 18, 1912

Box 5: folder 80
Speeches, Balkan War
1912

Box 5: folder 81
Wellesley College Syllabi


Box 5: folder 82
Series IV. PUBLICATIONS



"Amalasuntha" (scenario)
1938-39

Box 6: folder 83
Christianity and Hellanism
1924?

Box 6: folder 84
Crete the Forerunner of Greece with Charles Henry Hawes
1909

Box 6: folder 85
Correspondence
1909-10

Box 6: folder 86
"A Cretan Pompeii"
1901

Box 6: folder 87
"The First International Congress of Archaeology"
1905

Box 6: folder 88
Five Riddles of Greek Art



Chapter 1, outline
n.d.

Box 6: folder 89
Chapter 3
n.d.

Box 6: folder 90
Chapter 4
n.d.

Box 6: folder 91
Chapter 5
n.d.

Box 6: folder 92
Illustrations
n.d.

Box 6: folder 93
Chapter 6
n.d.

Box 6: folder 94
Illustrations
n.d.

Box 6: folder 95
Chapter 7
n.d.

Box 6: folder 96
"The General Election in England"
1910

Box 6: folder 97
"A Gift of Themistocles: The Ludovisi Throne and the Boston Relief"
1921

Box 6: folder 98
Gournia manuscript
1905

Box 6: folder 99-100
Gournia, Vasiliki and other Prehistoric sites on the Isthmus of Hierapetra - manuscript
1908

Box 6: folder 101
Correspondence, news clippings and advertisement
1907-15

Box 6: folder 102
Gournia miscellaneous
n.d.

Box 6: folder 103
"Greece and Archaeology"
n.d.

Box 6: folder 104
"An Immediate Appeal to America by the People of Greece"
1919

Box 6: folder 105
"Ivanhoe" (scenario)
1924

Box 6: folder 106
"Larger Loyalties"
n.d.

Box 6: folder 107
"Memoirs of a Pioneer Excavator in Crete"



Part I
1965

Box 7: folder 108
Part II
1965

Box 7: folder 109
"The Minotaur and the Maiden" (scenario)
1927?

Box 7: folder 110
"Prince George and Venizelos in Crete"
1906

Box 7: folder 111
"The Quest of a Buried City"
1913

Box 7: folder 112
"The Smith College Relief Unit"
1917

Box 7: folder 113
"Theseus, Prince of Athens" (scenario)
n.d.

Box 7: folder 114
War experiences, outline and draft for article 1906


Box 7: folder 115
"When the Mummy Moves"
1937

Box 7: folder 116
Contest
1907-08

Box 7: folder 117
Correspondence
1935-37

Box 7: folder 118
Series V. ACTIVITIES



Goldsborough Bills
1934-37

Box 8: folder 119
Goldsborough Bills
1938-39

Box 8: folder 120
Hyde Company Strike
1933

Box 8: folder 121
Hyde Company Strike, Correspondence


Box 8: folder 122
Political Opinions


Box 8: folder 123
War work - Greco-Turkish War



Correspondence
Feb-Mar, 1897

Box 8: folder 124
Correspondence
Apr-May, 1897

Box 8: folder 125
Correspondence
Jun-Aug, 1897

Box 8: folder 126
Miscellaneous


Box 8: folder 127
Miscellaneous writings


Box 8: folder 128
News articles and clippings


Box 8: folder 129
Photographs


Box 8: folder 130
Greek Cross and Red Cross, Ch. 1
1898?

Box 8: folder 131
Chapter 2


Box 8: folder 132
Chapter 3


Box 8: folder 133
Chapter 4


Box 8: folder 134
Chapter 5


Box 8: folder 135
Chapter 6


Box 8: folder 136
Chapter 7


Box 8: folder 137
Chapter 8


Box 8: folder 138
Chapter 9


Box 8: folder 139
"Nursing with the Greek Army in 1897"


Box 8: folder 140
Note:

****See also oversize box for In Defense of Crete

Spanish - American War
1898

Box 9: folder 141
World War I,
Corfu - Correspondence 1915- 1916

Box 9: folder 142
Correspondence
(Mar-Ap) 1916

Box 9: folder 143
News clippings
1915-1916

Box 9: folder 144
Photographs
1916

Box 9: folder 145
miscellaneous


Box 9: folder 146
Records and documents


Box 9: folder 147
Speeches and writings


Box 9: folder 148
World War I, Smith College Relief Unit - Correspondence
May 1917

Box 9: folder 149
Correspondence
Jun 1917

Box 9: folder 150
Correspondence
Jul-Aug 1917

Box 9: folder 151
Correspondence
Sep-Oct 1917

Box 9: folder 152
Correspondence
Nov-Dec 1917

Box 9: folder 153
Correspondence
1918

Box 9: folder 154
Correspondence
1919-29, n.d.

Box 9: folder 155
Pub. "The Gates of Grecourt"
1924

Box 9: folder 156
General and miscellaneous


Box 9: folder 157
Journal
1917-18

Box 9: folder 158
News clippings


Box 9: folder 159
Photographs


Box 9: folder 160
World War I, Smith College Relief Unit - Confidential


Box 9: folder 161
Oversize: War Work - Greco-Turkish War, 1897, includes manuscript In Defense of Crete.


Box 10

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Archaeologists--United States.
  • Hawes, Harriet Boyd, 1871-1945.
  • Smith College--Faculty.
  • Women archaeologists--United States.


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