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Mount Holyoke College War Collection, 1860-present
17 boxes ( 9 linear ft.)
Collection number: RG 30 (LD 7093.8 W3)

Abstract:
Consists of reports, correspondence, minutes, course descriptions, articles, brochures, manuals, booklets, scrapbooks, newsletters, questionnaires, recollections, announcements, certificates, lists, audio cassettes, and photographs documenting the impact of various wars in the United States, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East on students, faculty, administrators, and alumnae of Mount Holyoke College. Most materials concern World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), and the Vietnam War (1961-1975).

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted.

Restrictions on use:

Use of the collection is governed by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S.C.)

Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections

Historical Note

The Mount Holyoke College War Collection brings together a wide range of materials that show how students, faculty, administrators, and alumnae of the College responded to various wars from the United States Civil War (1861-1865) to the Iraq War (2003-present). Most of the collection consists of records created by College departments, offices, and committees, including the Office of the President, the Appointment Bureau, the News Bureau, the Public Relations Office, and the Alumnae Association. The collection also includes newspaper articles, records of local, national, and international war-related committees, and materials received from alumnae and other donors.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Mount Holyoke College War Collection documents the impact of various wars on Mount Holyoke students, administrators, faculty, and alumnae. Materials date from 1860 to the present and are arranged in nine series for the following conflicts: the United States Civil War (1861-1865), World War I (1914-1918), the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), World War II (1939-1945), the Korean War (1950-1953), the Vietnam War (1961-1973), the Persian Gulf War (1991), the Afghan War (2001-present); and the Iraq War (2003-present).

United States Civil War Materials consist of copies of newspaper articles (1860, 1864) concerning the elections of Abraham Lincoln as United State President and the patriotism of Mount Holyoke students. There are also recollections (1908, 1912) by two alumnae, Sarah Pomeroy Parsons and Anna C. Edwards, about life at the school during that war.

World War I Materials (1914-1919, 1937, 1942, 1944-1945) consist of reports, correspondence, minutes, articles, notices, course descriptions, certificates, and photographs. These materials describe work done by students on the College Farm; the extra-curricular war emergency courses that provided special training to students; measures undertaken to conserve fuel and food; and campaigns to raise money in support of the war efforts. Some documents concern war relief work done by students under the direction of Romance Languages professor Mary Vance Young. These materials include Young's correspondence with members of the Commission for Relief in Belgium and the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief as well as letters (most in French) to Young or Mount Holyoke students from Belgian soldiers and civilians. There are also letters exchanged by Mount Holyoke's Dean, Florence Purington and representatives of the Intercollegiate Committee on Women's War Work Abroad, which was established to collect and classify information regarding the opportunities for War Service Aboard for women college student and alumnae. These letters chi! efly con cern alumnae who served with the American Red Cross and other organizations in France, England, and the Near East. In addition, the collection contains correspondence, course descriptions, articles, and photographs relating to a training course given at Mount Holyoke during the summer of 1918 for health officers serving women who worked in industrial plants,. Materials dating from 1937, 1942, 1944-1945 consist of reports and articles summarizing activities and programs at the College during World War I.

Spanish Civil War Materials consist of an announcement from 1939 for a mass meeting at Mount Holyoke to discuss reasons why the United States embargo on Loyalist Spain should be lifted. The meeting was sponsored by the American Student Union, the Faculty-Student Committee to Aid Republican Spain, and the International Relations Club.

World War II Materials (1939-1948, 1962-2005) consist of reports, correspondence, minutes, articles, brochures, manuals, course descriptions, newsletters, scrapbooks, lists, notes, certificates, and photographs. Materials dating from before the United States entered the war in December, 1941 primarily concern war preparedness activities at the College and students' support of war relief efforts. There are also documents from December 1940-January 1941 concerning a Federal Bureau of Investigation of four Mount Holyoke faculty members suspected of being Nazi sympathizers. Materials from the war years concern air raid precautions (A.R.P.), changes in the curriculum, farm work done by students, and Red Cross and first aid training. The A.R.P. materials include bulletins, instructions, and other records of the Committee on Public Safety of South Hadley (1941-1944). There are materials relating to special programs held at the College, including an E.S.M.D.T. (Engineering, Science, Management, and Defense Training) summer course in industrial supervision (1942), National Youth Administration Industrial War Training Programs to train young women in the use of meta! l workin g tools (1942, 1943), and an International Service Work Camp through which young women assisted with farm work and child care in local communities (1942). Other correspondence, publications, articles, and photographs concern training programs on the Mount Holyoke campus for WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) and Women Marines from 1942-1944. These materials include issues of Sounding Off, a weekly newspaper edited for the personnel of the Women's Reserve of the Navy, Coast Guard and Marine Corps in training at the Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School (WR) at Northampton and South Hadley, Massachusetts. Materials dating from during and after the war concern three ships (the U.S.S. Lyon, the S.S. Mary Lyon, and the S.S. Mount Holyoke Victory) used during the war . War-related activities of alumnae are documented by World War II Job Reports (1946) completed by members of the classes of 1879-1946. These questionnaires describe alumnae reactions to their war time jobs and include information about the post-war plans of these women. There are also letters, lists, and articles concerning the Mount Holyoke College group of the Universities Committee on Post-War International Problems, which encouraged faculty members to develop suggestions for dealing with issues such as the nature of the peace settlement and economic reconstruction of countries affected by the war. In addition, notes from 1975 describe cryptology courses given under the strictest confidence by faculty member Roger Holmes during the war.

Materials about the Korean War (1951) consist of correspondence, articles, and press releases. These documents concern discussion of whether the Mount Holyoke would offer a summer session of study for students and the possibility of a volunteer registration program for women to encourage support of work that supported the war effort.

Vietnam War materia! ls (1965 -1972) consist of correspondence, articles, publications, newsletters, announcements, memoranda, and photographs. These materials primarily document opinions about war on the part of students, faculty, administrators, and alumnae. Most of the materials relate to the nationwide students' strike in May, 1970 to protest the war and its extension into Cambodia. These items include copies of Consider These Are The Days, a study prepared by the Five College Research Committee of issues relating to the strike. Other documents concern the Vietnam Moratorium in October, 1969 held to organize community sentiment against the continuation of the war.

Persian Gulf Materials (1991) are comprised of announcements, articles, questionnaires, audio cassettes, and a photograph. These items primarily concern students' reactions to the war and include questionnaires completed by participants in a Gulf Crisis Survey conducted by the Student Government Association. Some materials relate to various Five College programs concerning the conflict, including a "Teach-In on the Gulf Crisis" held on February 14, 1991. The photograph is of students who were part of a protest march against the war.

Materials relating to the Afghan War (2001-present) and Iraq War (2003-present) consist of newspaper articles discussing responses to those conflicts by members of the Mount Holyoke Community. Many of these articles concern anti-war protests.

Material from this collection is available in an online digital format.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted.

Restrictions on use:

Use of the collection is governed by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U.S.C.)

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Mount Holyoke College War Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts, USA

History of the Collection

Processing Information

Processed by Patricia J. Albright, 1991, 2008


Additional Information
Contact Information
Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
8 Dwight Hall
50 College St.
South Hadley, MA 01075

Phone: (413) 538-2013
Fax: (413) 538-2370

Email Reference Form: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/forms/areq.htm
URL: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/

Language
Collection is primarily in English, with some correspondence and certificates (1914-1918) in French.

Contents List
United States Civil War Materials
1860, 1864, 1908, 1912


Articles, recollections
1860, 1864, 1908, 1912

Box 1: folder 1
World War I Materials
1914-1919, 1937, 1942, 1944-1945


Articles, notices
1917

Box 1: folder 2
Reports, correspondence, articles, notices
1918

Box 1: folder 3
Reports, correspondence, articles, notices
1919

Box 1: folder 4
Report and articles about Mount Holyoke College during World War I
1937, 1942, 1944-1945

Box 1: folder 5
Liberty Loan flag (shelved in Folio)
1919

Box 1: folder 6
Photographs of Armistice Day celebration
1918

Box 1: folder 7
Farm work: committee records, articles
1917-1918

Box 2: folder 1
Farm work: photographs
1917-1918

Box 2: folder 2
Farm work: photographs
1917-1918

Box 2: folder 3
Intercollegiate Committee on Women's War Work Abroad: correspondence
1918

Box 2: folder 4
Intercollegiate Committee on Women's War Work Abroad: correspondence
1918

Box 2: folder 5
Intercollegiate Committee on Women's War Work Abroad: correspondence
1919

Box 2: folder 6
Training Course for Health Officers: correspondence
April-June 1918

Box 2: folder 7
Training Course for Health Officers: correspondence
July-November 1918

Box 2: folder 8
Training Course for Health Officers: photographs
1918

Box 2: folder 9
War emergency courses: course descriptions
1917-1919

Box 2: folder 10
War emergency courses: photographs
1918

Box 2: folder 11
War relief work: articles, correspondence
1914-1919

Box 3: folder 1
War relief work: Commission for Relief in Belgium
1915

Box 3: folder 2
War relief work: certificates (shelved in Folio)
1915-1916, 1918

Box 3: folder 3
War relief work: correspondence, publications, financial records
1916-1919

Box 3: folder 4
War relief work: photograph of encampment where Christmas parcels sent by Mary Vance Young were received
1917

Box 3: folder 5
Spanish Civil War
1939


Announcement
1939

Box 3: folder 6
World War II
1939-1948, 1962-2005


Reports, correspondence, articles
1939-1941

Box 4: folder 1
Reports, correspondence, articles
1942

Box 4: folder 2
Reports, correspondence, articles
1943

Box 4: folder 3
Reports, correspondence, articles
1944-1947

Box 4: folder 4
Scrapbook compiled by the Alumnae Association of articles concerning war-related activities and events (shelved in Folio)
1939-1935

Box 4: folder 5
Lists of alumnae in the services
1943-1946

Box 4: folder 6
Certificates from United Service Organization (USO) and World Student Service Fund (shelved in Folio)
1946

Box 4: folder 7
Memorandum concerning Cryptology courses at Mount Holyoke College taught by Roger Holmes during World War II and later and article about student life at Mount Holyoke during the war
March 13, 1975, July 8, 1985

Box 4: folder 8
Photographs students participating in war relief work, war emergency courses, and wartime conservation activities
circa 1942-1948

Box 4: folder 9
Air Raid Precaution (A.R.P.): correspondence, articles, lists
1941

Box 5: folder 1
A.R.P.: instructions, announcements, lists
1942

Box 5: folder 2
A.R.P.: instructions, announcements, lists
1942-1943

Box 5: folder 3
A.R.P.: Notes by Boardman Bump, College Comptroller, compiled while attending the Massachusetts Air Raid Precaution School1941


Box 5: folder 4
A.R.P.: Notes by Boardman Bump, College Comptroller, compiled while attending the Massachusetts A.R.P School for Industry
1941

Box 5: folder 5
A.R.P.: Air Raid Warden Instructors' Manual
1942

Box 5: folder 6
A.R.P.: Committee on Public Safety of South Hadley records
1941

Box 5: folder 7
A.R.P.: Committee on Public Safety of South Hadley records
1942

Box 5: folder 8
A.R.P.: Committee on Public Safety of South Hadley records
1943-1944

Box 5: folder 9
A.R.P.: photographs of students participating in A.R.P. drills
1942

Box 5: folder 10
British War Relief: reports, articles, memoranda
1940-1941

Box 6: folder 1
British War Relief: reports, articles, memoranda, certificate (certificate shelved in Folio)
1942-1945, 1983

Box 6: folder 2
British War Relief: photographs of students engaged in war relief work
circa 1940-1945

Box 6: folder 3
Course work/curriculum: articles, course descriptions
1940-1945

Box 6: folder 4
Course work/curriculum: statements by departments describing courses that would equip students to participate in war service work
November 1942

Box 6: folder 5
E.S.M.D.T. Course in Industrial Supervision: lists, articles
1942

Box 6: folder 6
Farm work: reports, correspondence, articles
1941-1942

Box 6: folder 7
Farm work: reports, correspondence, articles
1943-1945, 1990

Box 6: folder 8
Farm work: photographs
circa 1941-1943

Box 6: folder 9
Farm work: photographs
circa 1941-1943

Box 6: folder 10
Industrial War Training Program: reports, articles
1942-1943

Box 7: folder 1
Industrial War Training Program: scrapbook of documents concerning the program at Mount Holyoke College (shelved in Folio)
1942

Box 7: folder 2
Industrial War Training Program: photographs
circa 1942

Box 7: folder 3
Industrial War Training Program: photographs
circa 1942

Box 7: folder 4
International Student Service Work Camp: lists, articles
1942

Box 7: folder 5
International Student Service Work Camp: Mount Holyoke Campus Communique newsletter written by camp participants (shelved in Folio)
1942

Box 7: folder 6
Red Cross/First Aid: reports, articles
1940-1944

Box 8: folder 1
Red Cross/First Aid: photographs
circa 1940-1944

Box 8: folder 2
Ships - U.S.S. Lyon: correspondence, photograph
1990-1995

Box 8: folder 3
Ships - S.S. Mary Lyon: correspondence, articles, photographs
1943-1957, 1996

Box 8: folder 4
Ships - S.S. Mount Holyoke Victory: correspondence, articles
1945-1948, 1996-1997, 2005

Box 8: folder 5
Ships - S.S. Mount Holyoke Victory: photographs
1945

Box 8: folder 6
Summer schools: reports, correspondence, brochures, articles
1942-1945

Box 8: folder 7
Universities Committee on Post-War International Problems: correspondence
1942-1945

Box 8: folder 8
WAVES: correspondence, articles
1942

Box 9: folder 1
WAVES: reports, correspondence, brochures, articles
1943

Box 9: folder 2
WAVES: correspondence, articles
1944-1946

Box 9: folder 3
WAVES: articles, excerpts from books
1962, 1987, 2000

Box 9: folder 4
WAVES: certificates (shelved in Folio)
1942, 1944

Box 9: folder 5
WAVES: Sounding Of newspaper (shelved in Folio)
1943-1944

Box 9: folder 6
WAVES: photographs
1942-1945

Box 9: folder 7
WAVES: photographs
1942-1945

Box 9: folder 8
WAVES: photographs
1942-1945

Box 9: folder 9
Women Marines: articles
1943, 1997, 2003

Box 10: folder 1
Women Marines: photographs
1943-1944

Box 10: folder 2
Women Marines: photographs
1943-1944

Box 10: folder 3
Women Marines - 25th anniversary celebration: correspondence, articles, lists, certificate (certificate shelved in Folio)
1968

Box 10: folder 4
Women Marines - 25th anniversary celebration: photographs
1968

Box 10: folder 5
Women Marines - 25th anniversary celebration: photographs
1968

Box 10: folder 6
Women's Army Auxiliary Corps: brochures
1942

Box 11: folder 1
Women's Army Auxiliary Corps: photographs
circa 1943

Box 11: folder 2
Work-Study Program: brochures, articles
1943

Box 11: folder 3
Work-Study Program: photographs
1943

Box 11: folder 4
World War II (WW II) Job Reports by alumnae: index to reports, notes
1946

Box 11: folder 5
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1879-1895
1946

Box 11: folder 6
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1896-1900
1946

Box 11: folder 7
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1901-1903
1946

Box 11: folder 8
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1904-1905
1946

Box 11: folder 9
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1906 (A-M)
1946

Box 11: folder 10
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1906 (N-Z)
1946

Box 11: folder 11
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1907-1908
1946

Box 11: folder 12
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1909
1946

Box 11: folder 13
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1910-1911
1946

Box 11: folder 14
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1912-1913
1946

Box 11: folder 15
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1914
1946

Box 11: folder 16
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1915
1946

Box 11: folder 17
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1916
1946

Box 12: folder 1
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1917
1946

Box 12: folder 2
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1918
1946

Box 12: folder 3
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1919
1946

Box 12: folder 4
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1920
1946

Box 12: folder 5
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1921
1946

Box 12: folder 6
WWII Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1922
1946

Box 12: folder 7
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1923-1924
1946

Box 12: folder 8
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1925
1946

Box 12: folder 9
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1926
1946

Box 12: folder 10
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1927
1946

Box 12: folder 11
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1928
1946

Box 12: folder 12
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1929
1946

Box 12: folder 13
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1930
1946

Box 13: folder 1
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1931
1946

Box 13: folder 2
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1932
1946

Box 13: folder 3
WWII Jon Reports by alumnae, Class of 1933
1946

Box 13: folder 4
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1934
1946

Box 13: folder 5
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1935
1946

Box 13: folder 6
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1936
1946

Box 13: folder 7
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1937
1946

Box 13: folder 8
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1938
1946

Box 13: folder 9
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1939
1946

Box 13: folder 10
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1940-1941
1946

Box 13: folder 11
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1942
1946

Box 13: folder 12
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Class of 1943
1946

Box 13: folder 13
WW II Job Reports by alumnae, Classes of 1944-1946
1946

Box 13: folder 14
Korean War
1951


Article
1951

Box 14: folder 1
Vietnam War
1965-1972


Correspondence, articles
1965-1969

Box 14: folder 2
Correspondence, articles
January-April 1970

Box 14: folder 3
Student strike: correspondence, publications, articles
May 1970

Box 14: folder 4
Student strike: correspondence, publications, articles
May 1970

Box 14: folder 5
Student strike: newsletters
May 1970

Box 14: folder 6
Student strike: correspondence, publications, articles
May-December 1970

Box 14: folder 7
Consider These Are The Days (3 copies)
May 1970

Box 14: folder 8
Correspondence, articles
1971-1972

Box 14: folder 9
Photographs


Box 14: folder 10
Persian Gulf War
1991


Announcements, articles
1991

Box 15: folder 1
Teach-In on the Gulf Crisis: audiocassette tapes
February 14, 1991

Box 15: folder 2
Survey of campus opinion
circa February 1991

Box 15: folder 3
Photograph of anti-war protesters
1991

Box 15: folder 4
Afghan War
2001-


Articles
2001-

Box 15: folder 5
Iraq War
2003-


Articles
2003-

Box 15: folder 6
Oversize (Folio) material relating to World War I and World War II
1915-1919, 1939-1946, 1968

Box 16
Oversize (Folio) material concerning the Industrial War Training Program and International Student Service Work Camp at Mount Holyoke College
1942

Box 17

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Afghan War, 2001- -- Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • Air raid defenses--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • Intercollegiate Committee on Women's War Work Abroad.
  • Iraq War, 2003- -- Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • Korean War, 1950-1953--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • Massachusetts--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Mount Holyoke College.
  • Mount Holyoke College--Alumni and alumnae.
  • Mount Holyoke College--Students.
  • Mount Holyoke Female Seminary--Recollections.
  • Mount Holyoke Female Seminary--Student life--1861-1865.
  • Persian Gulf War, 1991--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • Spain--History--Civil War, 1936-1939.
  • Student strikes--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • United States. Naval Reserve. Women's Reserve.
  • United States--Armed Forces--Women.
  • Universities Committee on Post-War International Problems.
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • War relief--History--Sources.
  • Warships.
  • Women college students--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • Women college students--Massachusetts--South Hadley--Political activity.
  • Women marines.
  • World War, 1914-1918--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • World War, 1914-1918-Women.
  • World War, 1939-1945--Massachusetts--South Hadley.
  • World War, 1939-1945--Women.

Contributors
  • Edwards. Anna C. (Anna Cheney), 1835-1930.
  • Parsons, Sarah Pomeroy, 1845-1916.
  • Young, Mary Vance, 1866-1946.

Genre terms
  • Audiocassettes.
  • Certificates.
  • Letters.
  • Minutes.
  • Newsletters.
  • Photographs.
  • Questionnaires.
  • Scrapbooks.


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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