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L. Stanley James Papers, ca.1920-1994, n.d.
3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 0782 (LD 7082.18 Apgar)

Abstract:
James, L. Stanley, 1925-1994; physician and researcher in the physiology of fetuses and newborn infants. Papers dating from circa 1920-1994 consist of correspondence, writings, research material, biographical information, sound recordings, and photographs relating to James as well as his colleague, physician and anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar. Most materials concern James' research interests and Apgar's life and work, including the Apgar Score that she developed to assess the health of newborns.

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Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted.

Restrictions on use:

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Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
South Hadley, MA

Biographical Note

L. Stanley James, a physician and researcher in the physiology of the newborn and the fetus in the womb, was born in Te Awamutu, New Zealand in 1925. He was educated at the University of Otago in New Zealand, receiving a medical degree in 1948. After completing his internship and residency at Auckland (NZ) Hospital, he spent a year in general practice before finishing a residency in pediatrics at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. He then became chief resident in pediatrics at the New York University-Bellevue Medical Center in New York, N.Y. His interest in neonatology was sparked by Virginia Apgar, a 1929 graduate of Mount Holyoke College who spoke at Bellevue about her work in neonate resuscitation and obstetrical anesthesia. After spending a year as a research fellow in neonatology at the State University of New York, he joined Apgar at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York City, where he was a research assistant in neonatal physiology in anesthesiology from 1955-1959. Through this research, he identified key factors that adversely influence the health of newborns. His findings led to improvements in the care of newborns through resuscitation and the management of asphyxiation. After Virginia Apgar developed the Apgar Score, used to assess infant condition following delivery, James conducted research with her that established the scientific basis for the score. Their research also showed how the score could be used to evaluate different methods of newborn resuscitation. James served as an assistant professor (1959-1967) and professor (1967-1993) of pediatrics and obstetrics-gynecology at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. From 1961-1965, he was also assistant attending pediatrician at the Babies Hospital of the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. From 1972-circa 1992, he was director of perinatal medicine at the Babies Hospital. James received the E. Mead Johnson Award and the Virginia Apgar Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Ronald McDonald Children's Center Charities award for his contributions for the care of the fetus and newborn infants. He lived in New York City and West Redding, Connecticut and died on August 4, 1994 at the age of sixty-nine while vacationing at Center Harbor, New Hampshire.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The L. Stanley James Papers consist of correspondence, writings, research material, biographical information, sound recordings, and photographs concerning James, as well as his colleague, physician and anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar. The material for James chiefly reflects his research activities from 1957-1983, particularly his interest in the resuscitation of newborns. Many of his articles and reports in this collection dating from 1957-1973 were co-authored by Apgar. Most of his correspondence (1973, 1982-1983, 1991, n.d.) concerns his participation in scientific conferences. The Apgar materials in the collection date from 1939-1989. These items include several letters by or to Apgar from 1966 concerning the Apgar Score as well as copies of articles and reports by her (1939-1975) that reflect her research concerning childbirth, the health of newborns, and birth defects. James participated in memorial services honoring Apgar after her death in 1974, and his papers include letters to him from individuals who knew her, articles and biographical information about her, and cassette tapes of two of the services. Other materials concern the Virginia Apgar Award in Perinatal Pediatrics that was established in 1975. These papers contain photographs of both James and Apgar. Those of James (circa 1925-circa 1977) include both formal and informal portraits of him, as well as photographs that show him with relatives, friends, classmates, and professional colleagues. Some of these photographs are part of two albums in the collection. The Apgar photographs (circa 1920-1974) also consist of formal and informal portraits and photographs of her with others. Some of the latter photographs show her at reunions of the Aqualumni, a group of anesthesiologists trained by Dr. Ralph M. Waters at the University of Wisconsin.

Material from this collection is available in an online digital format.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted.

Restrictions on use:

Unrestricted.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

L. Stanley James Papers. Mount Holyoke College. Archives and Special Collections. South Hadley, MA

Additional Formats

Selected images from this collection are available in this online exhibition Profiles in Science. National Library of Medicine. The Virginia Apgar Papers.

History of the Collection

Processing Information

Processed by Sara Jamison, 2003, and Patricia Albright, 2006


Additional Information
Contact Information
Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
8 Dwight Hall
50 College St.
South Hadley, MA 01075

Phone: (413) 538-2013
Fax: (413) 538-2370

Email Reference Form: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/forms/areq.htm
URL: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/
Language
English

Contents List
Correspondence
1973, 1982-1983, 1991, n.d.


Correspondence
1973, 1982-1983, 1991, n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
Writings
1957-1958, 1960-1963, 1973, 1982


Writings
1957-1958, 1960-1963

Box 1: folder 2
Writings
1973, 1982

Box 1: folder 3
Research Material
1952, 1963-1983


Medical articles and studies
1952, 1965, 1979-1981, 1983

Box 1: folder 4
High frequency ventilation research
1963

Box 1: folder 5
High frequency ventilation research
1981-1983

Box 1: folder 6
High frequency ventilation research
1981-1983

Box 1: folder 7
High frequency ventilation research
1981-1983

Box 1: folder 8
High frequency ventilation research
1981-1983

Box 1: folder 9
Virginia Apgar Material
1939-1989


Correspondence to or from Apgar
1966

Box 2: folder 1
Correspondence about Apgar
1973-1975

Box 2: folder 2
Correspondence about Apgar
1975-1976

Box 2: folder 3
Writings by Apgar
1939, 1942, 1950-1953, 1956-1958, 1965, 1966, 1968

Box 2: folder 4
Writings by Apgar
1972-1975

Box 2: folder 5
Notes about Apgar
circa 1974

Box 2: folder 6
Writings about Apgar
1974

Box 2: folder 7
Virginia Apgar Award in Perinatal Pediatrics material
1975, 1986

Box 2: folder 8
Design drawings for the Apgar Award medal
circa 1975

Box 2: folder 9
Apgar Score article
1989

Box 2: folder 10
Biographical information about Apgar
1974-1979

Box 2: folder 11
Sound recordings of memorial services for Apgar
1974

Box 2: folder 12
Biographical Information
1994


Obituaries of L. Stanley James
1994

Box 2: folder 13
Photographs
circa 1920-circa 1977, n.d.


Of James
circa 1925-circa 1977

Box 3: folder 1
Of James with others
circa 1927-1975

Box 3: folder 2
Of Apgar
circa 1920-1974

Box 3: folder 3
33Of Apgar circa 1920-1974
Of Apgar with others
circa 1936-1974

Box 3: folder 4
Of other people
circa 1950s

Box 3: folder 5
Of fish, a baby, the memorial for John Snow, M.D., and the Virginia Apgar Award medal
1951, 1975, n.d.

Box 3: folder 6
Photograph album
circa 1940s-circa 1972

Box 3: folder 7
Photograph album (continued)
circa 1940s-circa 1972

Box 3: folder 8

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Abnormalities, Human.
  • Anesthesiologists--United States.
  • Apgar score.
  • Apgar, Virginia, 1909-1974.
  • Aqualumni (Organization).
  • Infants (Newborn)--Medical care.
  • James, L. Stanley.
  • Neonatology.
  • Physicians--United States.
  • Prenatal care.
  • Virginia Apgar Award in Perinatal Pediatrics.
  • Women anesthesiologists--United States.
  • Women physicians--United States.

Genre terms
  • Letters.
  • Photograph albums.
  • Photographs.
  • Sound recordings.


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