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Elihu Dwight Papers, 1770-1850 (bulk 1790-1825
5 boxes (2 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 0831 (LD 7084.8 Dwight)

Abstract:
Dwight, Elihu, 1763-1854. Dwight, a physician and entrepreneur, practiced in South Hadley, Massachusetts. Papers contain small pox information; land records; financial records; mining records, blacksmith shop records; notebooks; recipes; and algebra class notes. Records primarily document his business activities, including land investments and trading.

Terms of Access and Use:

unrestricted

Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections

Biographical Note

Elihu Dwight was born on October 22, 1763 in Belchertown, Massachusetts to Justus Dwight and Sarah Lamb Dwight. After graduating from Dartmouth College in 1790, he studied medicine with Dr. Ebenezer Hunt in Northampton, Massachusetts. Dwight became one of the first physicians to establish a medical practice in South Hadley, Massachusetts. On October 7, 1801, he married Lydia White of Springfield, Massachusetts. They had four daughters and four sons together. He became a successful businessperson and acquired a good deal of property in the local area. He also made a substantial donation towards the establishment of the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. At ninety, he died in his South Hadley home on June 1, 1854.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Elihu Dwight Papers consist of small pox inoculation records, account books, bills, correspondence, various receipts, indenture forms, land agreements and deeds, and shipping statements. Dwight was one of the first physicians to settle in South Hadley, Massachusetts, and materials related to his medical practice include smallpox inoculations receipts for himself and two of his children. This collection primarily concerns his investments and business activities, including the purchase of land, his interest in a blacksmith shop in South Hadley, and his involvement with a lead mine in Hatfield, Massachusetts. The primary focus of the land agreements and deeds document his frequent property investments in South Hadley, Massachusetts as well as several purchases in Maine, New York, and Virginia. The majority of the financial records reflect his business activities in the early nineteenth century, particularly regarding the purchase and sale of goods for his apothecary shop. Shipping correspondence provides information related to the prices and quantities of goods and statements provide an inventory of goods as well as the names of the captains, the sailing vessels, and the ports. This collection also includes recipes for whiskey and dying wool, as well notes from an algebra class, possibly from his time at Dartmouth or perhaps from one of his children.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

unrestricted

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Mount Holyoke College, Archives and Special Collections, South Hadley, MA.

History of the Collection


Additional Information
Contact Information
Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
8 Dwight Hall
50 College St.
South Hadley, MA 01075

Phone: (413) 538-2013
Fax: (413) 538-2370

Email Reference Form: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/forms/areq.htm
URL: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/
Language
English.

Series Descriptions
1788-1790, 1824


This series consists of receipts and correspondence regarding the inoculation of Dwight and Samuel Moody by Dr. Gideon Tiffany in Hanover, New Hampshire. Other correspondence includes Park Holland and Thomas Willson's (of the Belchertown Board of Selectman) decision to inoculate Nancy and Justus Dwight since they were most likely exposed to small pox. Also, a section of the Boston Medical Intelligencer includes information on the outbreak and treatment of smallpox in the Boston area.

1770-1855


This series contains agreements, correspondence, and deeds regarding the purchase and sale of land mostly located in South Hadley, Massachusetts. Other purchases are for Northampton, Granby, and Springfield, Massachusetts and in Bangor Maine, Troy New York, and Randolph County Virginia. Property transactions with local residents include Justus Dwight, Titus Goodman, J. Woodbridge, Eldad White, and Cyrus and Elvira White.

1788-1863, undated


This series consists of account books, ledgers, bills, various financial receipts, requests, shipping records, and memoranda. Much of the material reflects Dwight's business activities in the early nineteenth century, particularly regarding the purchase and sale of goods for his apothecary shop. Shipping correspondence provides information related to the prices and quantities of goods and statements provide an inventory of goods as well as the names of the captains, the sailing vessels, and the ports. Account books and ledgers include the names of borrowers and the amount of money owed to Dwight. Other account material contains information regarding Dwight's store account with Bridgman & Co. Billing information primarily consists of formal ledgers and lists of items that document the sale of alcohol and household goods. Receipts of credit provide additional information regarding frequent purchases made by Dwight. Receipts of payment provide information regarding services for goods, labor, and shipments. Also, receipts for city taxes for South Hadley and tuition for Yale College may be of interest.

1808-1811, 1841, 1844


This series consists of correspondence, indentures, and receipts regarding the Hatfield lead mine. Correspondence includes Dwight's purchase of the mine in 1809, financing of labor and equipment, and the proposed sale of the mine in 1841. Also, indentures provide the name of laborers and type of work to be completed. Other material includes receipts of payment for mining equipment or labor from George Gibbs.

1799, 1805, 1808-1810


This series consists of agreements and contracts regarding the daily labor and operation costs of a blacksmith shop in South Hadley. A contract between James Doane and William Granger provides information regarding their business partnership to run the shop. Agreements between Dwight and Daniel Stebbins document the financing of furnishings and labor for the business. Other materials include agreements for payment of labor and settlement statements for ownership.

undated


This series consists of three notebooks that vary in subject matter and use. One notebook contains vocabulary lists, the second is related to biblical study, and the third includes a list of household goods.

undated


This series consists of a recipe for making whiskey as well as a recipe for dying wool.

undated


This series consists of notes from an algebra class, possibly from Dwight's time at Dartmouth or perhaps from one of his children.

Container List
Small Pox Information
1788-1790, 1824


Small Pox Information
1788-1790, 1824

Box 1: folder 1
Land Records
1770-1855


Land
1770-1797, undated

Box 1: folder 2
Land
1798-1814

Box 1: folder 3
Land
1815-1832

Box 1: folder 4
Land
1835-1855

Box 1: folder 5
Financial Records
1788-1863, undated


Account Books
1797, 1801-1805, undated

Box 1: folder 6
Account Books
1806-1811, 1813, 1816

Box 1: folder 7
Account Books
1817-1819, 1822, 1831-1836

Box 2: folder 1
Account Ledger
1821-1837

Box 2: folder 2
Other Accounts
1808-1809, 1813-1815, undated

Box 2: folder 3
Bills
1794, 1801, 1804-1806, undated

Box 2: folder 4
Bills
1807-1809

Box 2: folder 5
Bills
1810-1812

Box 2: folder 6
Bills
1813-1817, 1821-1822, 1838-1839

Box 2: folder 7
Billing Ledgers
1805, 1807, 1809-1810

Box 2: folder 8
Billing Ledgers
1811, 1813, 1820-1824

Box 3: folder 1
Request for Items
1788, 1808-1811, 1813, 1826, 1830-1836, undated

Box 3: folder 2
Receipt for Credit
1790, 1795-1797, 1803-1807

Box 3: folder 3
Receipt of Credit
1808-1812

Box 3: folder 4
Receipt of Credit
1813-1816, 1825

Box 3: folder 5
Receipt of Payment
1788-1790, 1792-1793, 1797, 1800-1805, undated

Box 3: folder 6
Receipt of Payment
1806-1809

Box 3: folder 7
Receipt of Payment
1810-1812

Box 3: folder 8
Receipt of Payment
1813-1816

Box 4: folder 1
Receipt Payment
1817, 1820-1823, 1826, 1828, 1830-1839, 1847, 1850

Box 4: folder 2
Tax Receipts
1805, 1811-1812, 1817, 1834, 1836-1838, 1840, 1845-1848, 1863

Box 4: folder 3
Tuition Receipts
1822-1826

Box 4: folder 4
Other Receipts
1835, 1841, 1848

Box 4: folder 5
Shipping Records
1820-1822, 1824

Box 4: folder 6
Shipping Records
1820-1822, 1824

Box 4: folder 6
Memoranda
undated

Box 4: folder 7
Mining Information
1808-1811, 1841, 1844


Lead Mine
1808-1811, 1841, 1844

Box 4: folder 8
George Gibbs
1810-1811

Box 4: folder 9
Indentures
1792, 1810, 1845, undated

Box 4: folder 10
Blacksmith Shop Records
1799, 1805, 1808-1810


Blacksmith Shop
1799, 1805, 1808-1810, undated

Box 5: folder 1
Notebooks
undated


Notebooks
undated

Box 5: folder 2
Recipes
undated


This series consists of a recipe for making whiskey as well as a recipe for dying wool.

Recipes
undated

Box 5: folder 3
Algebra Class Notes
undated


This series consists of notes from an algebra class, possibly from Dwight's time at Dartmouth or perhaps from one of his children.

Algebra Class Notes
undated

Box 5: folder 4

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Captain James Lewis, Captain Seth Johnson, Captain Church, Captain Henry Steel, Eli Ely, George Gibbs, Isaac Bull, Jonathan Hicks, Frederick Loomer, Calvin Shaw, James Doane, William Granger, Daniel Stebbins
  • Dwight
  • Dwight, Elihu
  • Elihu Dwight Papers, 1770-1850
  • Financial
  • South Hadley, Massachusetts


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