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Virginia Apgar papers, 1880-1975 (Bulk: 1925-1974)
35 boxes (17 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 0504 (LD 7082.18 Apgar)

Abstract:
Apgar, Virginia, 1909-1974; physician and anesthesiologist. Mount Holyoke College graduate, 1929. Papers chiefly consist of diaries, correspondence, course and training records, writings, Apgar Score material, financial records, biographical information and photographs; focusing principally on her education and training at Mount Holyoke College, Columbia University, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, the University of Wisconsin, and Johns Hopkins University; her work as an anesthesiologist, administrator, and professor at Columbia-Presbyterian and Johns Hopkins; and her work for the National Foundation (later the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation). Also includes a letter and an article written by her father Charles E. Apgar.

Terms of Access and Use:

Unrestricted except for reports on operations at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center (May-October 1935) in Series 3. These documents may be used by researchers who complete a Restricted Records Statistical and Quantitative Research Contract, Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections.

Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
South Hadley, MA

Biographical Note

Virginia Apgar was born in Westfield, New Jersey on June 7, 1909 to Charles E. Apgar, a businessman and insurance executive, and Helen May Clarke Apgar. After graduating from high school in Westfield she entered Mount Holyoke College in 1925. She majored in zoology, wrote articles for the student newspaper, participated in campus athletics and dramatics, and played violin in the College orchestra. After receiving a B.A. in 1929 she became one of the first women to study at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. She received her M.D. in 1933 and began an internship in surgery at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. After two years of work Apgar became convinced that a woman could not support herself as a surgeon and decided to enter the newly-emerging field of anesthesiology. She trained at the University of Wisconsin and Bellvue Hospital and became a board-certified anesthesiologist in 1937; she began teaching anesthesiology at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center before she had completed her training. She was appointed Director of the Center's Division of Anesthesiology in 1938. When she became a full professor in 1949 she relinquished her other duties and devoted herself to studying the use of anesthesia during childbirth. In 1952 she presented her system for evaluating the health of infants immediately after birth which became known as the Apgar Score. In 1959 Apgar received a master's degree in public health from Johns Hopkins University and joined the staff of the National Foundation (later the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation). She devoted much of the rest of her life to increasing public support for research about the causes, prevention, and treatment of birth defects. In 1972 she wrote "Is My Baby All Right?" with Joan Beck, a book aimed at helping parents understand birth defects. While continuing to work for the National Foundation she also was a lecturer in the Department of Genetics at Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health and lecturer and clinical professor of pediatrics at Cornell University Medical College in New York City. From 1966-1971 Apgar was an alumna trustee of Mount Holyoke College. She received many honorary degrees and awards during her lifetime, for example, becoming the first woman to receive the Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement in Medicine from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1973. She died in New York City on August 7, 1974 at the age of sixty-five. Posthumous honors for Apgar include a commemorative postage stamp issued in 1994 and induction into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1995.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Virginia Apgar Papers consist of diaries, correspondence, course records and training records, Aqualumni records, Director of Anesthesiology records, writings, Apgar Score material, material relating to speaking engagements and meetings attended and to radio and television appearances, a scrapbook, financial records, notebooks, an index to scientific publications, memorabilia, Charles E. Apgar material, biographical information, a sound recording and photographs. This material chiefly concerns Apgar's education and professional life between 1925-1974. Much of the collection relates to her work for the National Foundation (later the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation) from 1959-1974. Material concerning her activities on behalf of that organization consists of diaries, extensive correspondence relating to speaking engagements, meetings attended, and radio and televison appearances, her writings about prenatal care and birth defects, articles about her work, and numerous photographs. Other diaries, correspondence, reports, notebooks, financial records, a scrapbook and photographs concern her education and training at Mount Holyoke College (1925-1929), Columbia University and Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center (1929-1935), the University of Wisconsin (1936-1937) and Johns Hopkins University (1959), and her work as an anesthesiologist, administrator, and professor at Columbia-Presbyterian (1938-1958) and Johns Hopkins (1972-1973). This material includes documents relating to her association with the Aqualumni, a group of anesthesiologists trained by Dr. Ralph M. Waters at the University of Wisconsin, and to the Apgar Score that she developed for evaluating the health of newborn infants. Other material in the collection consists of financial records containing information about her income and expenses between 1925-1942; several notebooks from the 1940s-circa 1969 that include lists, notes, and more details about her finances; a card index of scientific publications in the library of Dr. K. B. Warren which appears to have prepared circa 1960; diplomas, certificates, two medical bags, and other memorabilia; and a sound recording from a television appearance that she made circa 1960. Her papers also include two documents by her father Charles E. Apgar: a letter that he wrote describing his life as a student at Centenary Collegiate Institute in Hackettstown, New Jersey in 1880 and an article about his family's home in Westfield, New Jersey that was published in February 1906 issue of "The Suburbanite, A Monthly Magazine For Those Who Are and Those Who Ought To Be Interested In Suburban Homes."

Material from this collection is available in an online digital format.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted except for reports on operations at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center (May-October 1935) in Series 3. These documents may be used by researchers who complete a Restricted Records Statistical and Quantitative Research Contract, Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Virginia Apgar Papers, Mount Holyoke College, Archives and Special Collections, South Hadley, Massachusetts

Additional Formats

Selected images from this collection are available in this online exhibition Profiles in Science. National Library of Medicine. The Virginia Apgar Papers.

History of the Collection


Additional Information
Contact Information
Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
8 Dwight Hall
50 College St.
South Hadley, MA 01075

Phone: (413) 538-2013
Fax: (413) 538-2370

Email Reference Form: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/forms/areq.htm
URL: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Diaries
1937-1942, 1949-1974


Personal diary
1937-1942

Box 1: folder 1
Personal diary
1958

Box 1: folder 2
Personal diary
1959

Box 1: folder 3
Personal diary
1961-1964

Box 1: folder 4
Personal diary
1965

Box 1: folder 5
Professional diary
1959

Box 2: folder 1
Professional diary
1960

Box 2: folder 2
Professional diary
1961

Box 2: folder 3
Professional diary
1962

Box 2: folder 4
Professional diary
1963

Box 2: folder 5
Professional diary
1964

Box 2: folder 6
Professional diary
1965

Box 2: folder 7
Professional diary
1966

Box 2: folder 8
Professional diary
1967

Box 2: folder 9
Professional diary
1968

Box 3: folder 1
Professional diary
1969-1973

Box 3: folder 2
Travel diary June
1949

Box 3: folder 3
Travel diary October-November
1949

Box 3: folder 4
Travel diary March-July
1950

Box 3: folder 5
Travel diary September-October
1951

Box 3: folder 6
Travel diary April-May
1953

Box 3: folder 7
Travel diary August-September
1963

Box 3: folder 8
Travel diary June
1964

Box 3: folder 9
Travel diary July
1965

Box 3: folder 10
Travel diary
1966

Box 4: folder 1
Travel diary
1968-1973

Box 4: folder 2
Travel diary
1974

Box 4: folder 3
Correspondence
1925-1974


1925-1934


Box 5: folder 1
511925-1934
1935-1937


Box 5: folder 2
521935-1937
1938


Box 5: folder 3
531938
1939-1940


Box 5: folder 4
541939-1940
1941-1942


Box 5: folder 5
1943-1957


Box 5: folder 6
1958-1962


Box 5: folder 7
571958-1962
1963-1966


Box 5: folder 8
581963-1966
1967


Box 5: folder 9
1968


Box 5: folder 10
1969


Box 5: folder 11
1970-1972


Box 5: folder 12
5121970-1972
1973


Box 5: folder 13
1974


Box 5: folder 14
Course records/Training records
1926-1973


Examinations, Mount Holyoke College 1926, 1928-1929


Box 6: folder 1
Laboratory drawings, probably Mount Holyoke College
circa 1926-circa 1929

Box 6: folder 2
Laboratory drawings, Mount Holyoke College
1927

Box 6: folder 3
63Laboratory drawings, Mount Holyoke College 1927
Notebook: Operations, Columbia University
1929

Box 6: folder 4
64Notebook: Operations, Columbia University 1929
Notebook: House Surgeon Floor K, Columbia-Presbyterian
Medical Center1935

Box 6: folder 5
Reports on operations, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center
May-July1935

Box 6: folder 6
Reports on operations, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center


Box 6: folder 7
August
1935

Box 6
Reports on operations, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center


Box 6: folder 8
September-October
1935

Box 6
Reports on operations, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center


Box 6: folder 9
May-August
1935 (photocopies; patients names edited out

Box 6
Reports on operations, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center


Box 6: folder 10
Sept.-Oct.
1935 (photocopies; patients names edited out

Box 6
Notebook I, compiled during travels October
1949

Box 6: folder 11
Notebook II, compiled during travels October
1949

Box 6: folder 12
Notebook III, compiled during travels
October 1949

Box 6: folder 13
Notebook IV, compiled during travels
October 1949

Box 6: folder 14
Notebook, Statistics I
circa 1954-1956

Box 6: folder 15
Notebook, [Statistics] II
circa 1954-1956

Box 6: folder 16
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1958

Box 6: folder 17
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1958

Box 6: folder 18
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
[1958]

Box 7: folder 1
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1958-1959

Box 7: folder 2
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1959

Box 7: folder 3
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
[1959]

Box 7: folder 4
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1959

Box 7: folder 5
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1959

Box 7: folder 6
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1959

Box 7: folder 7
Notebook, National Methodist Convocation on Medicine and


Box 8: folder 1
Technology April
1967

Box 8
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972

Box 8: folder 2
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972

Box 8: folder 3
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972

Box 8: folder 4
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972

Box 8: folder 5
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972

Box 8: folder 6
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972

Box 8: folder 7
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972-1973

Box 8: folder 8
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972-1973

Box 8: folder 9
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1972-1973

Box 8: folder 10
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1973

Box 8: folder 11
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1973

Box 9: folder 1
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1973

Box 9: folder 2
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1973

Box 9: folder 3
Notebook, Johns Hopkins University
1973

Box 9: folder 4
Aqualumni Records
1938-1948


Constitution
1942

Box 10: folder 1
101Constitution 1942
Correspondence
1938-1948

Box 10: folder 2
102Correspondence 1938-1948
List of members
circa 1939, 1948

Box 10: folder 3
Minutes of meetings
1945-1947

Box 10: folder 4
Programs
1946-1948

Box 10: folder 5
Newsletters
1947-1948

Box 10: folder 6
Paper by W. Allen Conroy presented at Aqualumni meeting
1948

Box 10: folder 7
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center Division of Anesthesia Reports
1939-1946, 1948

Box 10
1939-1940


Box 10: folder 8
1081939-1940
1941-1943


Box 10: folder 9
1091941-1943
1944-1946, 1948


Box 10: folder 10
10101944-1946, 1948
Writings
1941-1975


1941-1949


Box 11: folder 1
1111941-1949
1953-1959


Box 11: folder 2
1121953-1959
1960


Box 11: folder 3
1131960
1961


Box 11: folder 4
1962


Box 11: folder 5
1963


Box 11: folder 6
1964


Box 11: folder 7
1965


Box 11: folder 8
1966


Box 11: folder 9
1967


Box 11: folder 10
1968


Box 11: folder 11
11111968
1969


Box 11: folder 12
11121969
1970


Box 11: folder 13
11131970
1970


Box 11: folder 14
1971-1973


Box 11: folder 15
1974-1975


Box 11: folder 16
Apgar Score Material
1959-1973


Correspondence
1960

Box 12: folder 1
Correspondence February-August
1961

Box 12: folder 2
122Correspondence February-August 1961
Correspondence September-December
1961

Box 12: folder 3
Correspondence
1962

Box 12: folder 4
Correspondence
1963

Box 12: folder 5
125Correspondence 1963
Correspondence
1964

Box 12: folder 6
Correspondence
1965

Box 12: folder 7
Correspondence
1966

Box 12: folder 8
128Correspondence 1966
Correspondence
1967

Box 12: folder 9
Correspondence
1968

Box 12: folder 10
Correspondence
1969

Box 12: folder 11
Correspondence
1970

Box 12: folder 12
Correspondence
1971

Box 12: folder 13
Correspondence
1972

Box 12: folder 14
Correspondence
1973-1974

Box 12: folder 15
1215Correspondence 1973-1974
Articles
1959-1963

Box 13: folder 1
Articles
1964-1965

Box 13: folder 2
Articles
1966-1969

Box 13: folder 3
Dissertation: Indice de Apgar
1966

Box 13: folder 4
Articles
1970

Box 13: folder 5
Articles
1972-1973

Box 13: folder 6
Speaking Engagements/Meetings Attended
1959-1974

Box 13
1959


Box 14: folder 1
1959-1960


Box 14: folder 2
1959-1960


Box 14: folder 3
1959-1960


Box 14: folder 4
1959-1960


Box 14: folder 5
1960


Box 14: folder 6
1960


Box 14: folder 7
1961


Box 14: folder 8
1961


Box 14: folder 9
1961


Box 15: folder 1
1961


Box 15: folder 2
1962


Box 15: folder 3
1962


Box 15: folder 4
1962


Box 15: folder 5
1962


Box 15: folder 6
1962


Box 15: folder 7
1963


Box 15: folder 8
1963


Box 15: folder 9
1963


Box 15: folder 10
1963


Box 16: folder 1
1963


Box 16: folder 2
1963


Box 16: folder 3
1963


Box 16: folder 4
1964


Box 16: folder 5
1964


Box 16: folder 6
1964


Box 16: folder 7
1964


Box 16: folder 8
1964


Box 16: folder 9
1964


Box 16: folder 10
1964


Box 16: folder 11
1964


Box 17: folder 1
1964


Box 17: folder 2
1964


Box 17: folder 3
1965


Box 17: folder 4
1965


Box 17: folder 5
1965


Box 17: folder 6
1965


Box 17: folder 7
1965


Box 17: folder 8
1965


Box 17: folder 9
1965


Box 17: folder 10
1965


Box 17: folder 11
1965


Box 17: folder 12
1965


Box 18: folder 1
1966


Box 18: folder 2
1966


Box 18: folder 3
1966


Box 18: folder 4
1966


Box 18: folder 5
1966


Box 18: folder 6
1966


Box 18: folder 7
1966


Box 18: folder 8
1966


Box 18: folder 9
1966


Box 18: folder 10
1966


Box 18: folder 11
1967


Box 19: folder 1
1967


Box 19: folder 2
1967


Box 19: folder 3
1967


Box 19: folder 4
1967


Box 19: folder 5
1967


Box 19: folder 6
1967


Box 19: folder 7
1967


Box 19: folder 8
1967


Box 19: folder 9
1968


Box 20: folder 1
1968


Box 20: folder 2
1968


Box 20: folder 3
1968


Box 20: folder 4
1968


Box 20: folder 5
1968


Box 20: folder 6
1968


Box 20: folder 7
1968


Box 20: folder 8
1968


Box 20: folder 9
1968


Box 20: folder 10
1968


Box 20: folder 11
1968


Box 20: folder 12
1969


Box 21: folder 1
1969


Box 21: folder 2
1969


Box 21: folder 3
1969


Box 21: folder 4
1970


Box 21: folder 5
1970


Box 21: folder 6
1970


Box 21: folder 7
1970


Box 21: folder 8
1970


Box 21: folder 9
1970


Box 21: folder 10
1970


Box 22: folder 1
1970


Box 22: folder 2
1971


Box 22: folder 3
1971


Box 22: folder 4
1971


Box 22: folder 5
1971


Box 22: folder 6
1971


Box 22: folder 7
1971


Box 22: folder 8
1972


Box 22: folder 9
1972


Box 22: folder 10
1972


Box 22: folder 11
1972


Box 22: folder 12
1973


Box 23: folder 1
1973


Box 23: folder 2
1973


Box 23: folder 3
1973


Box 23: folder 4
1973


Box 23: folder 5
1973


Box 23: folder 6
1973


Box 23: folder 7
1974


Box 23: folder 8
1974


Box 23: folder 9
1974


Box 23: folder 10
1974


Box 23: folder 11
1974


Box 23: folder 12
Radio/Television Appearances
1963-1974


1963-1965


Box 24: folder 1
1966


Box 24: folder 2
1967


Box 24: folder 3
1968-1969


Box 24: folder 4
1970-1971


Box 24: folder 5
1972


Box 24: folder 6
1973


Box 24: folder 7
Phil Donahue Show
1973

Box 24: folder 8
Phil Donahue Show
1973

Box 24: folder 9
249Phil Donahue Show 1973
Phil Donahue Show
1973

Box 24: folder 10
2410Phil Donahue Show 1973
Phil Donahue Show
1973

Box 24: folder 11
2411Phil Donahue Show 1973
Phil Donahue Show
1973

Box 24: folder 12
1974


Box 24: folder 13
Scrapbook
1925-1929


1925-1929


Box 25: folder 1
Financial Records
1925-1942


Account book
1925-1942

Box 25: folder 2
Receipt and checks
1936-1941

Box 25: folder 3
Notebooks
1949, 1957-1958, circa 1969


1949


Box 25: folder 4
1949


Box 25: folder 5
1957-1958


Box 25: folder 6
1969


Box 25: folder 7
Index to Publications
circa 1960


Index to publications (by others): Author index
circa 1960

Box 26: folder 1
Index to publications (by others): Title index
circa 1960

Box 26: folder 2
Memorabilia
circa 1918-1974


Report card; yearbook
circa 1918-1919, 1925

Box 27: folder 1
Diplomas, certificates, citations, and awards
1925-1959

Box 27: folder 2
Diplomas, certificates, citations, and awards
1960-1966

Box 27: folder 3
Diplomas, certificates, citations, and awards
1967-1974

Box 27: folder 4
Camp Hanoum staff lists
1926, 1927

Box 27: folder 5
Medical examination results
1931

Box 27: folder 6
Greeting cards
circa 1930s

Box 27: folder 7
Invitations and announcements
1953, 1956, 1965, 1968

Box 27: folder 8
Programs
1959, 1969, 1973

Box 27: folder 9
Passports and vaccination certificates
1964, 1965

Box 27: folder 10
Memorial services material
1974

Box 27: folder 11
Medical memorabilia
circa 1930s-1960s

Box 28
Plaques
circa 1967-1973

Box 29
Plaques
circa 1967-1973

Box 30
Charles E. Apgar Material
1880, 1906


Letter to his father written from Centenary Collegiate Institute, article by him entitled "A Westfield Home: The Advantages of Home Ownership in General and of Westfield Homes in Particular", published in the Suburbanite monthly magazine,
1880; February1906

Box 31: folder 1
Sound recording
circa 1960

Box 31
Arlene Francis and VA-Dave Garroway Show
circa 1960

Box 31: folder 2
Biographical Information
1938-1974


1938-1960


Box 32: folder 1
1961


Box 32: folder 2
1962


Box 32: folder 3
1963


Box 32: folder 4
January-September
1964

Box 32: folder 5
October-December
1964

Box 32: folder 6
January-September
1965

Box 32: folder 7
October-December
1965

Box 32: folder 8
January-August
1966

Box 32: folder 9
September-December
1966

Box 32: folder 10
January-August
1967

Box 32: folder 11
September-December
1967

Box 32: folder 12
January-May
1968

Box 32: folder 13
June-December
1968

Box 32: folder 14
January-September
1969

Box 32: folder 15
October-December
1969

Box 32: folder 16
1970-1971


Box 32: folder 17
1972


Box 32: folder 18
1973


Box 32: folder 19
January-April
1974

Box 32: folder 20
May-August
1974

Box 32: folder 21
Photographs
circa 1912-1974


Of Apgar (formal photographs)
circa 1919-1963

Box 33: folder 1
331Of Apgar (formal photographs) circa 1919-1963
Of Apgar (informal photographs)
1948-1974

Box 33: folder 2
332Of Apgar (informal photographs) 1948-1974
Of Apgar with others
circa 1912, circa 1921-1929

Box 33: folder 3
333Of Apgar with others circa 1912, circa 1921-1929
Of Apgar with others
1933-circa 1940s

Box 33: folder 4
334Of Apgar with others 1933-circa 1940s
Of Apgar with others (Aqualumni members)
1938, 1943, 1944, 1966

Box 33: folder 5
335Of Apgar with others (Aqualumni members) 1938, 1943, 1944, 1966
Of Apgar with others
1950-1955

Box 33: folder 6
336Of Apgar with others 1950-1955
Of Apgar with others
1957-circa 1950s

Box 33: folder 7
Of Apgar with others
1960-1963

Box 33: folder 8
338Of Apgar with others 1960-1963
Of Apgar with others
1964-1969

Box 33: folder 9
339Of Apgar with others 1964-1969
Of Apgar with others
circa 1960s-1974

Box 33: folder 10
3310Of Apgar with others circa 1960s-1974
Of other people
circa 1920s-1960s

Box 33: folder 11
Of other people
circa 1920s-circa 1960s

Box 33: folder 12
Of places
1929-circa 1950s

Box 33: folder 13
Other photographs
circa 1950s-1970s

Box 33: folder 14
3314Other photographs circa 1950s-1970s
Photograph album
circa 1917-1970

Box 34: folder 1
341Photograph album circa 1917-1970
Photograph album
circa 1917-1970

Box 34: folder 2

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Apgar, Virginia, 1909-1974.
  • Warren, K. B. Library Catalogs.
  • Waters, Ralph M. (Ralph Milton), 1883-1979.
  • Abnormalities, Human.
  • Anesthesiologists - United States.
  • Apgar family - Homes and haunts.
  • Apgar score.
  • Aqualumni (Organization).
  • Centenary Collegiate Institute (Hackettstown, N.J.) - Students.
  • College students - Massachusetts.
  • College students - New Jersey.
  • Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons - Students.
  • Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center - Employees.
  • Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center - Faculty.
  • Hospitals - New York - Medical staff - New York (State)
  • Infants (Newborn) - Medical care.
  • Interns (Medicine) - New York (State) - New York.
  • Johns Hopkins University - Faculty.
  • Johns Hopkins University - Students.
  • Mount Holyoke College - Student life - 1925-1929.
  • Mount Holyoke College - Students.
  • National Foundation.
  • Physicians - United States.
  • Prenatal care.
  • Student activities - Massachusetts - South Hadley.
  • Student activities - New Jersey - Hackettstown.
  • Suburban homes - New Jersey - Westfield.
  • University of Wisconsin - Students.
  • Women - United States - Economic conditions.
  • Women anesthesiologists - United States.
  • Women college students - Massachusetts.
  • Women physicians - United States.

Contributors
  • Apgar, Charles E. (Charles Emory), 1865-1950.

Genre terms
  • Diaries.
  • Letters.
  • Notebooks.
  • Photographs.
  • Scrapbooks.


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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