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McConaughy papers, 1894-1988.
9 boxes (3.25 linear ft.)
Collection number: MS 0706 (LD 7092.8 McConaughy)

Abstract:
McConaughy, Mary Malvina Wentworth, 1884-1988; educational psychologist and college teacher. Mount Holyoke College graduate, 1905. Mount Holyoke College faculty member, 1925-1928. Papers contain correspondence, journals, writings, memorabilia, biographical information, family papers and photographs; primarily documenting her academic and professional life at various institutions and her travel journals from her experience in Europe, which include comments on the differences between lifestyles of Americans and Europeans.

Terms of Access and Use:

Unrestricted

Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
South Hadley, MA

Biographical Note

Mary Malvina Wentworth was born to Harriet Delia Bird and Charles Albert Wentworth Feb. 17, 1884 in Rockland, Maine. She graduated from Rockland High School in 1901 an received her B.A. from Mount Holyoke College in 1905. After graduating from Mount Holyoke College, Wentworth taught in Maine for two years. Wentworth continued her education and attended the University of California. She received her M.A. in 1910. In 1924 Wentworth received her doctorate from Harvard University. In between her studies at the University of California and Harvard University, Wentworth taught at Mills College and Seminary in California, as well as in the Los Angeles secondary schools. While studying at Harvard University she worked as a psychologist at Boston State Hospital and Taunton State Hospital. In 1925 she became a professor of psychology and education at Mount Holyoke College. In 1928, Wentworth left her position at Mount Holyoke College, married Dr. James McConaughy and took a position at Swarthmore College. Her husband died in 1934. In 1933, McConaughy took a position at Rutgers University, where she remained until her retirement in 1954. She died on June 15, 1988 at the age of one hundred and four.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Mary Wentworth McConaughy Papers date from 1894-1988 and contain correspondence, journals, writings, memorabilia, biographical information, family papers, and photographs. McConaughy's correspondence is between her students, family, friends, and colleagues and includes information on her travels in Europe, course evaluations from students, family news, and information about her career, different teaching positions, and her position as head of the Education Department at Mount Holyoke College. One series consists of travel journals, 1927 and 1930, and daily records of the weather and McConaughy's activities, 1955-1984. The countries that she visited include: England, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Switzerland, France, Germany and Italy. Her travel journals include descriptions of sightseeing, tours of community houses, commentaries on food and accommodations, churches she visited as well as concerts and orchestras she attended. Included as well is her observations on the differences she saw between the United States and the other countries in which she traveled. The writings contain various articles on educational testing written by McConaughy, and her book "Individual Differences in the Intelligence of School Children", as well as, speeches, lecture notes, and poetry. McConaughy's memorabilia contains address books, a handwriting analysis, her marriage certificate, and her Harvard diploma. The biographical information includes, resumes, newspaper articles, and obituaries. The family papers include obituaries, wedding invitations, and newspaper articles written about relatives. Also included in the collection are photographs of McConaughy and her family and friends, as well as a number of pictures of her hometown, Isle au Haut, Maine, and photographs of her travels in Europe.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Mary Wentworth McConaughy Papers, Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections, South Hadley, MA

History of the Collection


Additional Information
Contact Information
Mount Holyoke College Archives and Special Collections
8 Dwight Hall
50 College St.
South Hadley, MA 01075

Phone: (413) 538-2013
Fax: (413) 538-2370

Email Reference Form: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/forms/areq.htm
URL: http://www.mtholyoke.edu/lits/library/arch/
Language
English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
1912-1988
1 box

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Scope and content:

The correspondence of Mary McConaughy dates from 1912-1988. The majority of the correspondence is between students, family, friends, and colleagues. Most of the letters from students are evaluations of courses McConaughy taught. The letters to and from her family and friends contain birthday and holiday greetings, family news, updates from friends, and get well notes. There are aslo letters written by McConaughy's husband, James, about their travels in Europe in 1930 and 1932. The letters describe travels in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, and France in 1930, and talk about psychology conferences McConaughy went to in Zurich and Paris, unemployment, economic conditions, religion, women ministers, and missionary work. There are letters written about a trip to England and Scotland in 1932, which discuss lectures on the politics of Europe, sermons they heard at different churches throughout Great Britain, medical and mental health treatment, economic conditions, transportation services, museums and tourist attractions, and accomodations at bed and breakfasts. James McConaughy also wrote several letters regarding a surprise party for Mcconaughy's birthday in 1934. Other correspondence includes letters of reccomendation written for McConaughy, letters from Harvard about her salary for summer work she did there, correspondence with friends and colleagues concerning her career, different teaching positions, and her job as head of the Education Department at Mount Holyoke College, and correspondence with the Mount Holyoke Alumnae Association. There are also several letters written during the 1980's regarding Mcconaughy's death.

1927-1984
5 boxes

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Scope and content:

This series consists of travel journals, 1927 and 1930, and daily records of the weather and McConaughy's activities. The travel diaries include detailed daily accounts of two trips McConaughy took to Europe. The travel diary from 1927 describes her travels in England, Czechoslovakia, Austria, and France. She describes travel on a steamer to Europe, the food and accomodations throughout her travels, and the many lectures she heard on topics such as the League of Nations and the European Situation, War Debts in France, the Health of the World, the Political Situation in Germany, Austria since the War, and Cultural Life in Vienna. She also describes sightseeing she did to places such as Westminster Abbey and Warwick Castle in England, Parliament and the President's Library in Prague, tours of community houses in Vienna, and Versailles and the Louvre in Paris. In the summer of 1930, McConaughy travelled to Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, and France. In her travel diary she discusses the differences she saw between the United States and the other countries she travelled to, food and accomodations, concerts and orchestras she attended, schools and churches she visited, and sightseeing around Europe. The daily records of McConaughy's life, apart from the two afore-mentioned travel diaries, contain no written accounts, only lists of appointments for each day in addition to comments on the weather.

1905-1955
1 box

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Mary McConaughy's writings date from 1905-1955 and include poetry, academic papers, lecture notes, articles, and a book. The poetry is made up of mostly short poems written by McConaughy which were unpublished. The academic papers include McConaughy's master's thesis entitled "Christian Citizenship in the First Three Centuries" and a paper she wrote in her senior year at Mount Holyoke College titled "German Transcendentalism Introduced into English Thought and Character." The lecture notes are on a variety of topics on the subject of psychology mostly for the mental hygeine classes she taught at Swarthmore, but also for various women's clubs and other organizations. The writings contain articles written by McConaughy on the topics of psychology and education which were published in various journals such as The Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Social Psychology, School and Society, and Junior Home. Also included in the writings is a book written by McConaughy titled "Individual Differences in the Intelligence of School Children."

1903-1963
1 box

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Scope and content:

Mary McConaughy's memorabilia dates from 1903-1963 and contains student evaluations of courses she taught, her Harvard diploma, marriage certificate, and address books, as well as, handwriting analysis for herself and Basil Matthews and her astrological chart.

1905-1988
1 folder

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Scope and content:

Mary McConaughy's biographical information dates from 1905-1988 and contains resumes, newspaper articles, obituaries, and death notices. The various newspaper articles discuss McConaughy's life and career, and many were written on the occasion of her one hundredth birthday.

1894-1940
1 folder

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Scope and content:

Mary McConaughy's family papers date from 1894-1940 and include obituaries, wedding invitations, newspaper articles written about relatives, a family reunion program, and a published paper written by Mary McConaughy's husband, James McConaughy, entitled "The History, Canon, and Inspiration of the English Bible."

1905-1988
4 folders

Restrictions on access:

Unrestricted

Mary McConaughy's photographs contain pictures of herself, her family, and her friends. Included in the photographs are photo album pages with pictures documenting McConaghy's travels in Europe and a number of photos taken of places in Maine, mostly from the town of Isle au Haut, where she grew up. Also included are photos of various family celebrations, her one hundredth birthday party, and class reunions at Mount Holyoke College.

Contents List
Correspondence,
1912-1988
1 box



Box : folder 1
Correspondence,
1912-1925

Box 1: folder 1
Correspondence,
1926-1930

Box 1: folder 2
Correspondence,
1931-1933

Box 1: folder 3
Correspondence,
1934

Box 1: folder 4
Correspondence,
1935-1939

Box 1: folder 5
Correspondence,
1940-1949

Box 1: folder 6
Correspondence,
1950-1958

Box 1: folder 7
Correspondence,
1967-1979

Box 1: folder 8
Correspondence,
1980

Box 1: folder 9
Correspondence,
1981-1984

Box 1: folder 10
Correspondence,
1985-1987

Box 1: folder 11
Correspondence,
1988

Box 1: folder 12
Correspondence,
undated

Box 1: folder 13
Journals,
1927-1984
5 boxes

Journal,
1955

Box 2: folder 1
Journal,
1956

Box 2: folder 2
Journal,
1960

Box 2: folder 3
Journal,
1961

Box 2: folder 4
Journal,
1962

Box 2: folder 5
Journal,
1962-1966

Box 2: folder 6
Journal,
1963

Box 2: folder 7


Box : folder 3
Journal,
1964

Box 3: folder 1
Journal,
1965

Box 3: folder 2
Journal,
1966

Box 3: folder 3
Journal,
1967

Box 3: folder 4
Journal,
1968

Box 3: folder 5
Journal,
1969

Box 3: folder 6
Journal,
1970

Box 3: folder 7
Journal,
1971

Box 3: folder 8


Box : folder 4
Journal,
1972

Box 4: folder 1
Journal,
1973

Box 4: folder 2
Journal,
1974

Box 4: folder 3
Journal,
1975

Box 4: folder 4
Journal,
1976

Box 4: folder 5
Journal,
1977

Box 4: folder 6
Journal,
1978

Box 5: folder 1
Journal,
1979

Box 5: folder 2
Journal,
1980

Box 5: folder 3
Journal,
1981

Box 5: folder 4
Journal,
1982

Box 5: folder 5
Journal,
1983

Box 5: folder 6


Box : folder 6
Journal,
1984

Box 6: folder 1
Journal: Travel Diary,
1927

Box 6: folder 2
Journal: Travel Diary,
1930

Box 6: folder 3
Writings,
1905-1955
1 box

Writings: published,
1920-1934

Box 7: folder 1
Writings: "Individual Differences in the Intelligence of School Children,
" 1926

Box 7: folder 2
Writings: unpublished,
1905-1910

Box 7: folder 3
Writings: list of poetry,
1927-1930

Box 7: folder 4
Writings: poetry,
1912-1930

Box 7: folder 5
Writings: lecture notes and speeches,
1931-1955

Box 7: folder 6
Writings: other peoples' writings,
1920-1935

Box 7: folder 7
Memorabilia,
1903-1963
1 box



Box : folder 8
Memorabilia,
1903-1949

Box 8: folder 1
Memorabilia: course evaluations,
1950-1954

Box 8: folder 2
Memorabilia: address books


Box 8: folder 3
Biographical Information,
1905-1988
1 folder



Box : folder 9
Biographical Information,
1905-1988

Box 9: folder 1
Family Papers,
1894-1940
1 folder



Box : folder 9
Family Papers,
1894-1940

Box 9: folder 2
Photographs,
1905-1988
4 folders



Box : folder 9
Photographs of Mary McConaughy,
1905-1988

Box 9: folder 3
Photographs of family and friends,
1905-1988

Box 9: folder 4
Photographs of places and things,
1905-1988

Box 9: folder 5
Photographs: photo album pages,
1930

Box 9: folder 6

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • McConaughy, Mary Wentworth, 1884-1988.
  • Austria - Description and travel.
  • College teachers - United States.
  • Czech Republic - Description and travel.
  • Educational psychologists - United States.
  • Educational tests and measurements - United States.
  • England - Description and travel.
  • Europe - Social life and customs.
  • France - Description and travel.
  • Germany - Description and travel.
  • Italy - Description and travel.
  • Mount Holyoke College - Faculty.
  • Switzerland - Description and travel.
  • United States - Social life and customs.
  • Voyages and travels.
  • Women college teachers - United States.
  • Women travelers.

Genre terms
  • Diaries.
  • Photographs.


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