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Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc. Records, 1927-1934
87 boxes (102 cubic feet ft.)
Collection number: MG2

Abstract:
Corporation formed in 1927 to organize the composition, editing and publication of the first Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Collection includes correspondence; original manuscripts, translations and drafts of articles; organizational files and business records.
Hampshire College Archives

Historical Note

The Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences originated as a jointly sponsored project of ten leading American scholarly associations in the field of social science. (They are: the American Anthropological Association, the American Association of Social Workers, the American Economic Association, the American Historical Association, the American Political Science Association, the American Psychological Association, the American Sociological Society, the American Statistical Association, the Association of American Law Schools, and the National Education Association.) The intent was to construct a comprehensive synthesis of the knowledge provided by different disciplines, in such a way that their differing prespectives would shed new light on the common problems of the social sciences. The enterprise was placed under Edwin R.A. Seligman as editor-in-chief; Alvin Johnson was named associate editor. Financial support was obtained from the Rockefeller, Carnegie, and Russell Sage Foundations, and the Macmillan Company was enlisted as publisher.

Having already a broad base of support in the American intellectual community, in 1927 Seligman went abroad to meet with leading European scholars, and met with an enthusiastic reception. The procedure worked out for the organization and composition of the Encyclopaedia was as follows. Lists of possible topics were widely circulated for comment and criticism, then responsibility for individual articles carefully assigned to authorities in each field. Translation or Englishing, if needed, fact checking, and bibliographical checking of completed articles were all performed by the editorial staff in New York, and any doubtful points as well as editorial revisions were referred back to the original author. Final proofreading of the typeset galleys was also done by the editorial staff. The 15 individual volumes were published between 1930 and 1935.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Correspondence; original manuscripts, translations and drafts of articles; organizational files and business records. Widely supported by the American and European intellectual communities, correspondents and contributors include Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Max Eastman, Felix Frankfurter, Carl J. Friedrich, Louis R. Gottschalk, Melville J. Herskovitz, Granville Hicks, Sidney Hook, John Maynard Keynes, Kenneth S. Latourette, Max Lerner, Bronislaw Malinowski, Karl Mannheim, Margaret Mead, Paul Miliukov, Lewis Mumford, Joseph Needham, Frederick Law Olmsted, Henri Pirenne, Roscoe Pound, Edward Sapir, and Arthur M. Schlesinger. Note, however, that many of the more famous authors wrote only one article for the encyclopaedia, and their correspondence files are accordingly small.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc., Records, bulk 1927-1934. Archives, Hampshire College, Amherst, MA 01002.

History of the Collection

Gift of the Macmillan Company (through the good offices of Jeremiah Kaplan, President of Macmillan) to Hampshire College, 1969.

Processing Information

The manuscript group of the Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences was given to Hampshire College by the Macmillan Company in 1969, through the good offices of Jeremiah Kaplan, President of Macmillan. At that time they were in storage at the Morgan-Manhattan Storage Company, 81st St. and Third Ave., New York, N.Y. The records were in 117 records boxes, each 10.5" x 10.5" x 15". The files had been appraised in 1962 as worth approximately $108,250.

Hampshire College did not take delivery of the files until December 1970, when they were apparently stored in the library loading dock. The decision was made not to advertise Hampshire's possession of the files until they had been processed; however, no provision was made for processing the files. In 1974, the original boxes had deteriorated to the extent that the contents had to be repacked in new boxes in order to move them out of the loading dock; since the new boxes were larger, the collection now consisted of 59 boxes. The boxes were moved from storage area to storage area, coming under the care of the College archivist when the archives were formally established in 1980. In 1984, an outside researcher managed to track down the location of the files, and expressed interest in coming to use them. A detailed inventory of the contents of the boxes was made, and the individual series distinguished. A preliminary catalog was prepared for the researcher, who successfully used the collection that summer. However, it was apparent that the collection badly needed physical processing: although the paper of letters and manuscripts was in decent shape, the file folders were fast disintegrating and the problems caused by rusting paper clips would only worsen. Although a grant proposal covering the cost of physical processing was prepared at that time, it was not funded, and it gradually became clear that internal library resources would have to be utilized to process the collection.

In academic year 1988-89, and especially in the summer of 1989, library staff from Public Services utilized available time to process the collection. All file folders were replaced with new acid-free ones; all metal fasteners and the remains of rubber bands were removed, crumpled sheets flattened, and everything was placed in order in new records boxes. Finally, in August 1989, the collection was fully processed and cataloged--twenty years after the gift had been accepted by the College.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Jimi Jones
Hampshire College Image, Sound and Text Archives
Johnson Library Center
Hampshire College
Amherst, MA 01002

Phone: (413) 559-5761
Fax: (413) 559-5419

Email: jljones@hampshire.edu
URL: http://www.hampshire.edu/library/index_archives.htm
Language
English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Series Descriptions
1927-1934


This series contains the business records of the staff which produced the Encyclopaedia. It includes correspondence with Macmillan (the publisher of the Encyclopaedia), with sponsoring organizations, and with subscribers. Also present are financial records, including bills and invoices, checkbook ledgers, account books, and information on Encyclopaedia staff and salaries. Files of press notices, reviews of the Encyclopaedia, and a scrapbook of press clippings are also present in this series.

1927-1934


This series contains an assemblage of files used in planning the Encyclopaedia. First is a set of lists of suggested topics, arranged by broad subject field. These lists were circulated to eminent authorities in each field for comment. Each file consists of the lists, comments by the outside authorities, and related correspondence. Second there is a set, also filed by broad subject area, of outlines and abstracts of articles, including enumerations of suggested word lengths for each article. This is followed by a series of Memoranda to Authors, filed alphabetically by subject, giving the scope for each suggested article or series of related articles. A set of miscellaneous files relating to these lists and outlines follows. The remainder of the series consists of the card files used in the preparation of the Encyclopaedia. First, a set of Topic Cards with brief summaries of articles, suggested word lengths, and often notes on who suggested the topic, and possible authors for the articles. Then there is a set of Abstract Cards (A through L only), which mainly seem to include suggested authors for the articles, although some outlines and suggested word lengths are also present. Finally is a set of Biography Cards, which are identical to Topic Cards except that they treat personal name subjects.

1927-1934


Scope and content:

This series contains the original manuscripts and edited drafts of the articles of the Encyclopaedia. Often included are notes on background information and statistics, as well as slips for sources consulted at the New York Public Library in the course of the factual checking done by the Encyclopaedia staff. Occasionally correspondence relating to the article will be found in these files, but most correspondence is filed in the next series.

Arrangement:

The folders are arranged alphabetically by the title of the article.

1927-1934


This series contains the correspondence of the editors with the contributing authors, advisers and potential contributors. Most of the correspondence is in English, but French and German are commonly employed by European correspondents. The list of correspondents below is not exhaustive, but includes only major sets and famous names: the series as a whole contains correspondence with more than 1200 persons. Much of the correspondence with famous people, such as W.E.B. DuBois and Oliver Wendell Holmes, consists merely of polite refusals, but many, such as Margaret Mead and Felix Frankfurter, did make substantial contributions to the Encyclopaedia.

A large gap exists in this series: there are no files from correspondents with names beginning with the letter C; in fact, none between the letters BR and DR. This material was not present when the collection was first inventoried in 1984, and must have been lost prior to that time.

1927-1934


This series contains files of manuscripts and index cards for projected articles that were "killed", that is, not used in the printed version of the Encyclopaedia. The contents of these files correspond to those of the "live" files from which they were drawn.

1927-1934


This series contains the published editions of the Encyclopaedia. First is an incomplete set of the first printing, and next a complete set of the 16th printing. Finally is a complete set of the new International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, the successor edition published in 1968.

Contents List
Series 1: Business Records
1927-1934


Press notices


Box 1
Press notices, book reviews


Box 1
Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc.


Box 1
Macmillan Company - correspondence 1929-1930


Box 1
Correspondence - invoices


Box 1
Macmillan Correspondence - reprints, Prink, etc.


Box 1
Macmillan Company - R.R. Brett


Box 1
Macmillan Company - G. Brett


Box 1
Subscription correspondence - Macmillan - E.L. Mead (1-2)


Box 1
Lease for Morningside Apt. - related correspondence


Box 1
Correspondence


Box 1
Who's Who - qualifications and job histories of staff


Box 1
Replies to letters re possible future employment of E.S.S. editorial staff


Box 1
Salary lists


Box 1
Financial statesments and salary lists


Box 1
Macmillan bills (1-3)


Box 1
Receipted bills (Dec. 1, 1927 - 1934)


Box 1
Carnegie Corporation


Box 1
Commonwealth Fund


Box 1
Rockefeller Foundation


Box 1
Rockefeller Foundation - Day


Box 1
Rosenwald Foundation


Box 1
Russell Sage Foundation


Box 1
Couzens, James


Box 1
Dawson, W. H.


Box 1
Howson, Roger - Columbia University Library


Box 1
Insurance - Burnett Miller


Box 1
Irvine, Elsie, Mrs.


Box 1
Jones, Mark


Box 1
Memorandums


Box 1
Memoranda and outlines of topics


Box 1
Price, Waterhouse & Co.


Box 1
Association of American Law Schools


Box 1
American Anthropological Association


Box 1
American Association of Social Workers


Box 1
American Economic Association


Box 1
American Historical Association


Box 1
American Political Science Association


Box 1
American Psychological Association


Box 1
American Sociological Society


Box 1
American Statistical Association


Box 1
National Education Association


Box 1
Brinkman and Schumpeter - advisory editors correspondence


Box 1
Advisory editors correspondence


Box 1
Joint committee - subscription campaign


Box 1
Joint committee meetings, Feb. 1925 - June 1932


Box 1
Sullivan and Cromwell


Box 2
Form letters


Box 2
Subscription campaign - early correspondence of ERA's (1-4)


Box 2
Correspondence with universities


Box 2
Assorted correspondence


Box 2
Correspondence - mainly with Edwin Gay


Box 2
Board of Directors and constituent societies correspondence (1-2)


Box 2
Board of Directors - annual meetings, 1931-1933


Box 2
Directors of the Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, Inc.


Box 2
U - Miscellaneous, including correspondence with prospective publishers (1-2)


Box 2
Page proofs, Vol. I through


Box 2
Page proofs, Vol. IV


Box 2
Title pages, Vol. III through


Box 2
Title pages, Vol. IV


Box 2
Uncut signatures


Box 2
Page corrections


Box 3
Letters from Macmillan


Box 3
Contents, Vol. 2; Table of contributors, Vol. 2


Box 3
Dinner acceptances (1-2)


Box 3
Regrets


Box 3
Correspondence re dinner


Box 3
Subscriber's correspondence


Box 3
Complimentary subscription correspondence


Box 3
Congratulatory letters


Box 3
Review copies requested


Box 3
Correspondence re subscriptions (1-10)


Box 3
Lists of subscribers


Box 3
Sample subscription agreements


Box 3
Reviews of the E.S.S.


Box 3
Specimen pamphlets (1928)


Box 3
Specimen biography pamphlets (1931)


Box 3
Envelopes


Box 3
Sample checks


Box 3
Sample voucher forms


Box 3
Special offer to members pamphlet (American Economic Association)


Box 3
Checkbook ledgers


Box 4
Account books


Box 4
Journal


Box 4
Books of requisition slips


Box 4
Blank book of voucher forms (no. 1801-1850)


Box 4
Scrapbook


Box 4
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences membership record


Box 4
E.S.S. staff (card file)


Box 4
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences embossing stamp


Box 4
Series 2: Lists, Outlines, Abstracts, Card Files
1927-1934


Lists of Suggested Topics and Replies, A - EC


Box 1
Lists of Suggested Topics and Replies, ED - MI


Box 2
Lists of Suggested Topics and Replies, MO - WO


Box 3
Outlines and Enumerations of Topics, A - CH


Box 3
Outlines and Enumerations of Topics, CI - WO


Box 4
Memoranda to Authors, CA - CO


Box 4
Memoranda to Authors, CR - PL


Box 5
Memoranda to Authors, PO - Z


Box 6
Bibliographies


Box 6
Changes on Lists


Box 6
Discarded Materials


Box 6
Miscellaneous Files


Box 6
Topic Cards, A - E


Box 6
Topic Cards, F - Z


Box 7
Abstract Cards, A - CIT


Box 8
Abstract Cards, CIV - ISO


Box 9
Abstract Cards, J - LA


Box 10
Biography Cards, A - BJ


Box 10
Biography Cards, BL - F


Box 11
Biography Cards, GA - MAR


Box 12
Biography Cards, MAS - RIT


Box 13
Biography Cards, RIU - SZT


Box 14
Biography Cards, SZU - Z


Box 15
Series 3: Manuscript Folders
1927-1934


Preface


Box 1
Introduction


Box 1
Manuscript folders, A - ACS


Box 1
Manuscript folders, ACT - AQU


Box 2
Manuscript folders, ARA - AVE


Box 3
Manuscript folders, AVI - BEL


Box 4
Manuscript folders, BEN - BRA


Box 5
Manuscript folders, BRE - CAN


Box 6
Manuscript folders, CAP - CHI


Box 7
Manuscript folders, CHI - COC


Box 8
Manuscript folders, COD - COND


Box 9
Manuscript folders, CONF - COR


Box 10
Manuscript folders, COS - DAN


Box 11
Manuscript folders, DAR - DOR


Box 12
Manuscript folders, DOS - ELE


Box 13
Manuscript folders, ELG - FAL


Box 14
Manuscript folders, FAM - FOO


Box 15
Manuscript folders, FOR - GAR


Box 16
Manuscript folders, GAS - GOV


Box 17
Manuscript folders, GRA - HER


Box 18
Manuscript folders, HES - IMM


Box 19
Manuscript folders, IMP - INT


Box 20
Manuscript folders, INT - KAN


Box 21
Manuscript folders, KAR - LAN


Box 22
Manuscript folders, LAN - LAW


Box 23
Manuscript folders, LAW - LUC


Box 24
Manuscript folders, LUD - MAR


Box 25
Manuscript folders, MAR - MEN


Box 26
Manuscript folders, MEN - MIN


Box 27
Manuscript folders, MIQ - MOR


Box 28
Manuscript folders, MOS - NAT


Box 29
Manuscript folders, NAT - OIL


Box 30
Manuscript folders, OKU - PAS


Box 31
Manuscript folders, PAT - POO


Box 32
Manuscript folders, POP - PRO


Box 33
Manuscript folders, PRO - RAC


Box 34
Manuscript folders, RAD - RES


Box 33
Manuscript folders, RET - SAN


Box 34
Manuscript folders, SAR - SLU


Box 35
Manuscript folders, SMA - STO


Box 36
Manuscript folders, STR - TRA


Box 37
Manuscript folders, TRA - UNE


Box 38
Manuscript folders, UNF - WAG


Box 39
Manuscript folders, WAI - ZWI


Box 40
Series 4: Correspondence Files
1927-1934


Abbott, Edith through Bjorling, Carl G. including:


Box 1
Addams, Jane


Box 1
Adler, Max


Box 1
Arnold, Thurman


Box 1
Bauer, John


Box 1
Beard, Mary R.


Box 1
Beer, Max


Box 1
Benedict, Ruth


Box 1
Bernard, L.L.


Box 1
Blachly, F.F. through Fellner, Frederic de including:


Box 2
Boas, Franz


Box 2
Boehm, Max H.


Box 2
Bonn, Moritz J.


Box 2
Braun, Robert


Box 2
Brinkman, Carl


Box 2
Brinton, Crane


Box 2
DuBois, W.E.B.


Box 2
Eastman, Max


Box 2
Einaudi, Luigi


Box 2
Ellis, Havelock


Box 2
Fay, Sidney B.


Box 2
Fenwick, Charles G. through Griziotti, Benvenuto including:


Box 3
Fitch, John A.


Box 3
Frankfurter, Felix


Box 3
Friedrich, Carl J.


Box 3
Fuller, Raymond G.


Box 3
Gottschalk, Louis R.


Box 3
Gras, N.S.B.


Box 3
Groba, Kurt through Holbrook, David H. including:


Box 4
Hamilton, Walton H.


Box 4
Hardman, J.B.S.


Box 4
Hart, Albert Bushnell


Box 4
Herskovitz, Melville J.


Box 4
Hicks, Granville


Box 4
Holcombe, A.N. through Koch, Theodore Wesley including:


Box 5
Holmes, Oliver Wendell


Box 5
Hook, Sidney


Box 5
Hubert, Rene


Box 5
Jaszi, Oscar


Box 5
Jenks, Leland A.


Box 5
Kandel, I.L.


Box 5
Kennedy, W.P.M.


Box 5
Keynes, J.M.


Box 5
Klein, Philip


Box 5
Knight, Frank H.


Box 5
Knight, Melvin M.


Box 5
Kocharovski, K. through Lyon, Leverett S. including:


Box 6
Kohn, Hans


Box 6
Kroeber, A.L.


Box 6
Laski, Harold J.


Box 6
Latourette, Kenneth S.


Box 6
Lederer, E.


Box 6
Lerner, Max


Box 6
Lestschinsky, Jakob


Box 6
Lippman, Walter


Box 6
Lobinger, Charles S.


Box 6
Lorwin, Lewis L.


Box 6
Lowie, Robert H.


Box 6
MacCauley, Fred R. through Mowery, Albert H. including:


Box 7
Malinowski, Bronislaw


Box 7
Manes, Alfred


Box 7
Mannheim, Karl


Box 7
McBride, George M.


Box 7
Mead, Margaret


Box 7
Meusel, Alfred


Box 7
Miliukov, Paul


Box 7
Muhlmann, W.E. through Powicks, F.M. including:


Box 8
Mumford, Lewis


Box 8
Munro, William B.


Box 8
Nadler, Marcus


Box 8
Needham, Joseph


Box 8
Niebuhr, Helmut Richard


Box 8
Nolen, John


Box 8
Olmstead, F.L.


Box 8
Palyi, Melchior


Box 8
Parsons, Talcott


Box 8
Perlman, Selig


Box 8
Person, H.S.


Box 8
Pirenne, Henri


Box 8
Pound, Roscoe


Box 8
Prato, Giuseppe through Sarkissian, A.O. including:


Box 9
Radin, Max


Box 9
Reed, Harold


Box 9
Richards, Charles R.


Box 9
Rubinow, I.M.


Box 9
Ryan, John A.


Box 9
Salin, George


Box 9
Salomon, Gottfried


Box 9
Salz, Arthur


Box 9
Sanborn, Frederick R.


Box 9
Sapir, Edward


Box 9
Saposs, David J.


Box 9
Sauer, Carl through Sraffa, Piero including:


Box 10
Schacht, Joseph


Box 10
Schlesinger, A.M.


Box 10
Schneider, Herbert W.


Box 10
Schuman, Frederick L.


Box 10
Seelig, Ernst


Box 10
Seldes, Gilbert


Box 10
Sellin, Thorsten


Box 10
Sharfman, I.L.


Box 10
Shepard, Walter J.


Box 10
Skalweit, August


Box 10
Sommer, Louise


Box 10
Stadelmann, Rudolf through Vreeland, Hamilton including:


Box 11
Stocking, George W.


Box 11
Struve, Peter


Box 11
Sturges, Wesley A.


Box 11
Suranyi-Unger, Theo


Box 11
Taussig, F.W.


Box 11
Tead, Ordway


Box 11
Toynbee, Arnold


Box 11
Tozzer, A.M.


Box 11
Vambery, Rustam


Box 11
Van Waters, Miriam


Box 11
Viner, Jacob


Box 11
Wade, Herbert T. through Woytinsky, Wladimir including:


Box 12
Ware, Norman J.


Box 12
Watkins, Myron W.


Box 12
Weber, Wilhelm


Box 12
White, Leonard


Box 12
Wilcox, Walter F.


Box 12
Series 5: Killed Files
1927-1934


Killed Articles, A - CA


Box 1
Killed Articles, CH - G


Box 2
Killed Articles, H - O


Box 3
Killed Articles, P - Z


Box 4
Killed Topic Cards, A - E


Box 4
Killed Topic Cards, F - Z


Box 5
Killed Biography Cards, A - DJ


Box 6
Killed Biography Cards, DO - HY


Box 7
Killed Biography Cards, I - MO


Box 8
Killed Biography Cards, MU - R


Box 9
Killed Biography Cards, ST - Z


Box 10
Series 6: Printed Editions of the Encyclopaedia
1927-1934


Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Edwin R.A. Seligman, ed. New York: Macmillan, 1934. Vols. I - VIII.


Box 1
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Edwin R.A. Seligman, ed. New York: Macmillan, 1934. Vols. IX, X, XII, XIV.


Box 2
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Edwin R.A. Seligman, ed. New York: Macmillan, 1934. 16th printing, 1967. Vols. 1 - 4.


Box 2
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Edwin R.A. Seligman, ed. New York: Macmillan, 1934. 16th printing, 1967. Vols. 5 - 12.


Box 3
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. Edwin R.A. Seligman, ed. New York: Macmillan, 1934. 16th printing, 1967. Vols. 13 - 15


Box 4
International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. David L. Sills, ed. New York: Macmillan and the Free Press, 1968. Vols. 1 - 5.


Box 4
International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. David L. Sills, ed. New York: Macmillan and the Free Press, 1968. Vols. 6 - 12.


Box 5
International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. David L. Sills, ed. New York: Macmillan and the Free Press, 1968. Vols. 13 - 17.


Box 6

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Encyclopedias and dictionaries
  • Social sciences--Encyclopedias

Contributors
  • Mil{235}i{236}ukov, P. N. (Pavel Nikolaevich), 1859-1943
  • AUTHOR Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-
  • AUTHOR Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963
  • American Anthropological Association
  • American Association of Social Workers
  • American Historical Association
  • American Political Science Association
  • American Psychological Association
  • American Sociological Society
  • American Statistical Association
  • Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948
  • Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
  • Eastman, Max, 1883-1969
  • Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965
  • Friedrich, Carl J. (Carl Joachim), 1901-
  • Gottschalk, Louis Reichenthal, 1899-1975
  • Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963
  • Hicks, Granville, 1901-
  • Hook, Sidney, 1902-
  • Johnson, Alvin Saunders, 1874-
  • Keynes, John Maynard, 1883-1946
  • Latourette, Kenneth Scott, 1884-1968
  • Lerner, Max, 1902-
  • Macmillan Company
  • Malinowski, Bronislaw, 1884-1942
  • Mannheim, Karl, 1893-1947
  • Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978
  • Mumford, Lewis, 1895-
  • National Education Association of the United States
  • Needham, Joseph, 1900-
  • Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903
  • Pirenne, Henri, 1862-1935
  • Pound, Roscoe, 1870-1964
  • Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939
  • Schlesinger, Arthur Meier, 1888-1965
  • Seligman, Edwin Robert Anderson, 1861-1939


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