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Dora Judd Mattoon Ward Papers, 1883-1979 (Bulk: 1911-1932)
1 records box, 1 archives box, 1 oversize file (1.5 linear ft.)

Abstract:
Papers documenting the personal and professional lives of Dora Ward and her husband, Earl Ward (AC 1906). The bulk of the collection comprises correspondence with family members describing the Wards' work as missionaries in Turkey and India, 1911-1932. The correspondence is supplemented with photographs, work records, diaries, memorabilia, and newspaper clippings.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Dora Judd Mattoon Ward Papers for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Dora Judd Mattoon Ward Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Amherst, MA

Historical Note

Dora Judd Mattoon was born September 13, 1883, in Watertown, Connecticut, to Alfred Huntington Mattoon and Anna Belinda Judd Mattoon. After finishing high school and briefly teaching, she became a successful businesswoman in New York City for several years before she decided, in the early spring of 1911, to pursue missionary work. She made her arrangements quickly and left for Harpoot, Turkey, in October of the same year. By 1912 she was engaged to the treasurer and business agent in Turkey for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, William Earl Dodge Ward (AC 1906; known as Earl). They married in the United States three years later. Around this time, Dora also informally changed her first name to Doreen.

From 1916 to 1932, the couple lived chiefly in India. Ward occupied a number of positions during this time, evidence of her commitment to service, a constant throughout her life. While in Calcutta from 1916 to 1922, she was Recording Secretary to the Executive Board of the Y.W.C.A. After a furlough in the U.S. from 1922-1923, the Wards returned to India from 1924-1929, this time to Bombay, where Dora Ward served on the Executive Board of the Y.W.C.A. as President of the Women's Council and the Infant Welfare Society and was involved with the Baby Week Exhibition, in addition to working for what is now the Naigon Service Center. After another stay in the U.S. the couple returned to Calcutta from 1930-1932, where Dora Ward served on the National Board and several sub-committees of the Y.W.C.A., volunteered as head of the Infant Welfare Social Center, was on the Executive Board of the Bengal Presidency Council of Women, and organized the Social Service Conference in South India for the National Y.W.C.A.

In 1932, Earl Ward was unexpectedly transferred to Cairo, Egypt. The couple was only there for a few months before he was called back to the U.S. permanently. They first settled in Manchester, New Hampshire, where Dora Ward was President of both the Manchester Women's Club and the Women's Union of the Franklin Street Congregational Church; Trustee of the Boylston Home for Girls; Research Chairman of the Business and Professional Women's Club, and part of the Girl Reserve Committee of the Y.W.C.A. The years between 1936-1942 were spent in Lebanon, New Hampshire, where Ward was Co-chair of Civil Defense; Second Vice-President of the Lebanon Women's Club, and President and co-chair of the interior restoration committee for the First Congregational Church of Lebanon. She did U.S.O. work in 1943 and 1944 in Homestead, Florida, and then Charleston, South Carolina, before returning to Lebanon from 1945-1950 and chairing the committee for Camp Plymouth, a Girl Scout camp.

In 1952, the Wards retired to Amherst, Massachusetts. Dora Ward continued to have an active civic presence and was involved with the League of Women Voters; the Amherst Women's Club; the Amherst Opera Group; the First Church of Amherst, and the Women's Union, as well as serving as an Amherst Town Representative. She died March 31, 1979, two years after her husband.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Dora Judd Mattoon Ward Papers consist 1.5 linear feet of letters, diaries, photographs, news clippings, and relevant background materials documenting the greater part of Ward's life, with emphasis on her years abroad.

There are thirteen diaries with brief daily entries from 1911-1975 and a notebook covering 1908-1910, including diary entries and miscellaneous notes. There are 62 letters dating from 1911 to 1932, all of which are transcribed as well as briefly summarized in a chronological outline accompanying them. Photographs in the collection are generally well identified and span Ward's youth, missionary work, and married life, and include a 1911 album from Silver Bay, NY, and a signed, framed portrait of Ward. Other letters, documents, and news clippings relating directly to her life are also included.

A section of the correspondence in the collection, and the majority of the photographs, are from Earl Ward, Dora's husband, but the bulk of his papers are in the William Earl Dodge Ward (AC 1906) Papers, also in the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Dora Judd Mattoon Ward Papers for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Dora Judd Mattoon Ward Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

[Identification of item], in Dora Judd Mattoon Ward Papers [Box #, Folder #], Amherst College Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library

History of the Collection

The papers and related materials were donated to the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections in 2007 by Nancy M. Kline.

Processing Information

Processed in 2007 and 2014 by Nancy M. Kline, donor and Librarian Emeritus, University of Connecticut; and Margaret R. Dakin, Archives and Special Collections Specialist. The bulk of the material (photos, letters, news clippings and manuscripts) was in binders, which were reorganized into folders in 2014.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
PO Box 5000
Amherst, MA 01002-5000

Phone: (413) 542-2299
Fax: (413) 542-2692

Email Reference Form: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives/askus
URL: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives
Language
English
Separated Material

Also included in the gift were four books, now catalogued, containing letters and diaries of other missionaries in Harpoot from 1898-1919:

  • Atkinson, Tacy. The German, the Turk and the Devil Made a Triple Alliance: Harpoot diaries, 1908-1917. Princeton, Gomidas Institute, 2000.
  • Jacobsen, Maria. Diaries of a Danish Missionary: Harpoot, 1901-1919. Princeton, Gomidas Institute, 2001.
  • Riggs, Henry H. Days of Tragedy in Armenia: Personal experiences in Harpoot, 1915-1917. Ann Arbor, Gomidas Institute, 1997.
  • Ziegler, Theresa Huntington. Great Need Over the Water: The letters of Theresa Huntington Ziegler, missionary to Turkey, 1989-1905. Reading, England, Taderon Press, 1999. Published by arrangement with the Gomidas Institute, Princeton.

Sponsor
Nancy M. Kline

Contents List
Series 1: DORA JUDD MATTOON WARD BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL



Materials written by or about Dora Judd Mattoon Ward. Included in this series are a book of notes from about 1908-1915; documents regarding Dora Mattoon's decision to become a missionary; documents related to her work in India, and news articles about her.

General biographical information, including: Nancy Kline's chronology of Dora Ward's life; birth certificate; copy of favorite family poem ("The Little Dog Under the Wagon"); "Sketch of [Doreen's] Jobs 1916-1942"; "Where We Have Spent Christmas" (1910-1950)
1883-1975

Box 1: folder 1
Record book with irregular entries and miscellaneous notes (including lecture notes and a wedding gift list)
1908-1915

Box 1: folder 2
Documents regarding the decision to become a missionary: Letter from Charles E. Jefferson (Broadway Tabernacle) to Alfred H. Mattoon about Ward's plan to go to Turkey in place of Maria B. Poole, a missionary in Harpoot who died in Feb, 1911; newspaper article in the New York World: She Loses Big Pay to Go as Missionary" (Oct 2, 1911)
1911 May, Oct

Box 1: folder 3
Miscellaneous publications related to Ward's work in India: "Naigaum Social Service Centre Second Annual Report"; leaflet for "Summer Conferences conducted by the National Young Women's Christian Association of India, Burma, and Ceylon"; catalogue for the "Arts & Crafts Depot, Punjab"; a few receipts: "Bernard Plating Works" (Florence, Mass.) and "Choma Butcher" (for pork chops, Vienna sausage, etc.)
ca. 1930-1935

Box 1: folder 4
Miscellaneous articles about Dora Ward; a guestbook from Ward's funeral
1936-1979

Box 1: folder 5
Contemporary photographs by Matthew Kline of the neighborhood Ward lived in and the church she attended before she went to Turkey in fall of 1911 (411 West 115th Street and the Broadway Tabernacle Church respectively)
2000-2005

Box 1: folder 6
Series 2: CORRESPONDENCE



Scope and content:

Mostly outgoing correspondence to family members from Dora and Earl Ward. Most of the letters have been transcribed, with the transcriptions placed next to the original letters.

Arrangement:

The series is divided into two sub-series:
A: Dora Judd Mattoon Ward: Correspondence
B: Earl Ward: Correspondence

Sub-series A: Dora Judd Mattoon Ward: Correspondence



Covers the entire period of Ward's work in Turkey and India. Ward's letters include lengthy descriptions of her work as a teacher in Harpoot and a touring missionary among many villages in the region. They also describe the evolution of her relationship with Earl Ward, who had arrived in Harpoot in mid-1909. Dora Ward's letters begin shortly after her arrival in Harpoot in the autumn of 1911 and continue until her departure from Turkey in the summer of 1915.

Nancy Kline's typed synopsis of Earl and Dora Ward's letters to their families (both Wards often wrote group letters)
1911-1932

Box 1: folder 7
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from Turkey, including an account of her work as a "touring missionary" and her engagement to Earl Ward
1911 Oct-1912 Oct

Box 1: folder 8
One incoming letter from Kate Lamson (ABCFM Secretary) regarding Dora Ward's engagement; Ward's outgoing correspondence from Turkey
1912 Nov-1913 Mar

Box 1: folder 9
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from Turkey
1912 Dec-1913 Mar

Box 1: folder 10
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from Turkey
1913 May-Aug

Box 1: folder 11
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from Turkey
1913 Nov-1914 Mar

Box 1: folder 12
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from New Hampshire, followed by correspondence from her early days in India
1915-1916; 1918

Box 1: folder 13
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from India
1919 Aug-Dec

Box 1: folder 14
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from India
1920 Jan-Jun

Box 1: folder 15
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from India
1924 Jul-Dec

Box 1: folder 16
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from India
1925 Feb-Sep

Box 1: folder 17
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from India
1926 Jan-Oct

Box 1: folder 18
Ward, Dora, letter from Srinagar, with photographs
1927 Oct

Box 1: folder 19
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from India
1927 Dec-1928 Oct

Box 1: folder 20
Ward, Dora, outgoing correspondence from India, to the end of her time there
1930 Dec-1932 Feb

Box 1: folder 21
Sub-series B: Earl Ward: Correspondence
1918-1932


Contains 17 letters from 1918-1932 during Earl Ward's work as a missionary in India. (See the William Earl Dodge Ward [AC 1906] Papers for additional correspondence.)

Ward, Mary I. to her brother Earl Ward: three postcards written from her missionary post in Marsovan, Turkey
1909-1911

Box 1: folder 22
Ward, Earl, outgoing correspondence from India
1918-1930

Box 1: folder 23
Ward, Earl, outgoing correspondence from India
1930-1931

Box 1: folder 24
Ward, Earl, outgoing correspondence from India and Egypt
1931-1932

Box 1: folder 25
Series 3: HARPOOT NEWS LETTER
1912-1915


88 original issues (an incomplete run) of the Harpoot News Letter (September 16, 1912-May 8, 1915). Typically a weekly publication, the news letter furnishes detailed information about the mission station, Euphrates College, the orphanage and elementary schools, the hospital, the consulate in Mezereh, news from other stations and personnel in the region, political events, etc. Authorship is not stated but is most likely to have been either Ernest W. Riggs (President of Euphrates College 1910-1915) or his brother Henry H. Riggs (President of Euphrates College 1903-1910 and general missionary at the station).

Harpoot News Letter
1912 Sep-Oct

Box 1: folder 26
Harpoot News Letter
1912 Nov-1913 Feb

Box 1: folder 27
Harpoot News Letter
1913 Mar-Jun

Box 1: folder 28
Harpoot News Letter
1913 Oct-1914 Jan

Box 1: folder 29
Harpoot News Letter
1914 Feb-Jun

Box 1: folder 30
Harpoot News Letter
1914 Jul-1915 May

Box 1: folder 31
Series 4: PHOTOGRAPHS



Photographs of Dora Ward before and after her marriage; from the Wards' time in Turkey, and from their time in India. There is a photograph album of a 1911 missionary education conference at Silver Bay, N.Y. There are also several sleeves of Earl Ward's photographic negatives from India.

Cabinet photographs of Dora Ward, aged about 2; studio portrait; [high school graduation] photographs
ca. 1885, 1900

Box 1: folder 32
Photographs of people and places, including many of Dora Ward before or early in her missionary work; includes list with some identifications
ca 1900-1910

Box 1: folder 33
Photographs of: Dora Ward and friends; Alfred Mattoon's farm; Oakville, Connecticut, with note from Charlotte Mattoon to sister Dora
ca. 1906-1909

Box 1: folder 34
Framed photograph of Dora Ward, signed "Dora Judd Mattoon"
ca. 1910

Box 1: folder 35
Photograph album with notes put together by Henry C. Klein for Dora Ward, covers July 1911 "Missionary Education Movement" conference at Silver Bay, New York
1911 Aug

Box 1: folder 36
Photographs from Dora Ward's voyage to Turkey; studio portrait perhaps taken shortly before her departure
1911 Oct

Box 1: folder 37
Miscellaneous photographs, some probably Earl Ward's, of Turkey, especially Harpoot, including one unusual view showing landscape of station
ca. 1911-1915

Box 1: folder 38
Photographs of Turkey, mostly of Dora Ward
ca. 1911-1915

Box 1: folder 39
Dr. Jefferson and Miss Stauffer & her Martha Washington Club at Bethany, June 4, 1912
1912 Jun

Box 1: folder 40
Photographic travel guides from Italy: "Ricordo di Pompei" and "Ricordo di Napoli," one with Earl Ward's signature
ca. 1913

Box 1: folder 41
Amirkhanian family: Rev. and Mrs. Vartan Amirkhanian and family: photograph of two adult men, one woman, and three children; inscribed "Miss Mattoon from her friends Rev. & Mrs. V. Amirkhan, Harpoot". Photograph by Soursourian Bros. (digital image available)
ca. 1914

Box 1: folder 42
Dora Ward's wedding portrait; newspaper clippings about wedding; wedding invitation; related material
1915 Sep

Box 1: folder 43
Photographs of Dora and Earl Ward, and friends or family
ca. 1915-1930

Box 1: folder 44
Photographs, most from India
ca. 1916-1932

Box 1: folder 45
Photographic negatives from India
ca. 1929-1932

Box 1: folder 46
Photographic negatives from India, ca. 1920s-30s
n.d.

Box 1: folder 47
SERIES 5: DORA JUDD MATTOON WARD DIARIES
1911-1975


12 "Line-a-Day" diaries with entries from 1911-1975.

Twelve "Line-a-Day" diaries documenting Ward's domestic and missionary life
1916-1975

Box 2

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Harput (Turkey) -- Ethnic relations -- 20th century.
  • Missionaries -- India.
  • Missionaries -- Turkey.
  • Missions, American -- Turkey.
  • Missions, American -- Turkey.
  • Ward family.

Contributors
  • Ward, Dora Judd.
  • Ward, William Earl Dodge, 1884-1977


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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