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Home >> Amherst College Archives & Special Collections >> Hugh Hawkins Papers, 1914-2012 (bulk 1950-1990) Finding Aid MA.00232
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Hugh Hawkins Papers, 1914-2012 (Bulk: 1950-1990)
8 records storage boxes, 1 oversize box (9 Linear feet)
Collection number: MA.00232

Abstract:
Personal and professional papers of an Amherst College professor of History and American Studies. The collection includes correspondence, manuscripts, diaries, committee records, course materials, general printed matter, and audiotapes.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

A number of individual files in the Hugh Hawkins Papers are restricted; restrictions are noted in the finding aid at the folder level. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from the Hugh Hawkins Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Amherst College Archives and Special Collections

Biographical Note

Hugh Hawkins was born in Topeka, KS on September 3, 1929, and raised in El Reno, OK. He received a Bachelor's degree from DePauw University in 1950 and a Ph.D from John Hopkins University in 1954. He served in the U.S. Army, 1954-1956, and taught at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1956-1957. Hawkins began teaching History and American Studies at Amherst College in 1957. He was active in several notable social movements and causes, including academic freedom and anti-McCarthyism, the Civil Rights movement, nuclear disarmament, the anti-war movement (both the Vietnam War and the Gulf War), and LGBT rights.

In 1976 Prof. Hawkins was instrumental in designing the first-year introduction to Liberal Studies curriculum at Amherst College and helped build both the History and American Studies departments. He is a distinguished scholar of American higher education, the American South, and of cultural and intellectual history, and in particular is the author of several notable publications on the history of higher education in the United States. These include The Emerging University and Industrial America (1972); Between Harvard and America: The Educational Leadership of Charles W. Eliot (1972); Banding Together: The Rise of National Associations in American Higher Education, 1887-1950 (1992); and Pioneer: A History of the Johns Hopkins University, 1874-1889 (1960 and 2002). In 2006 he published Railwayman's Son: a Plains Family Memoir. Upon his retirement from the faculty in 2000 after a teaching career of forty-three years at Amherst, Hawkins was the Anson D. Morse Professor of History and American Studies.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Correspondence, manuscripts, diaries, appointment books, committee records, printed materials, audiotapes, and newspaper clippings related to Hugh Hawkins. Much of the collection consists of correspondence between Hawkins, his colleagues, family, and friends. Manuscripts include fiction, poetry, plays, academic writings, lectures, and notes. Much of the material relates to Hawkins's career as a professor, historian, and activist.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

A number of individual files in the Hugh Hawkins Papers are restricted; restrictions are noted in the finding aid at the folder level. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from the Hugh Hawkins Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation note

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

[Identification of item], in Hugh Hawkins Papers [Box #, Folder #], Amherst College Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library.

History of the Collection

The papers were donated to the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections by Hugh Hawkins in increments between 1996 and 2012.

Processing Information

Processed Oct-Nov 2012 by Colleen O'Connor (AC 2011)


Additional Information
Contact Information
Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
PO Box 5000
Amherst, MA 01002-5000

Phone: (413) 542-2299
Fax: (413) 542-2692

Email Reference Form: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives/askus
URL: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives
Language
English
Related Archival Materials note

  • American Studies Department Records
  • Amherst College Curriculum Reports Collection
  • Amherst College Committee Records, 1826-2010
  • Hugh D. Hawkins, interviewed by Douglas C. Wilson. Friends of the Amherst College Library Oral History Project, 2009 (available on DVD and streaming video as of 2012)
  • Non-Alumni Biographical Files -- Hawkins, Hugh


Contents List
SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE
1914-2011


Series 1 is organized into three sub-series, each arranged chronologically:

Sub-series A: GENERAL



Sub-Series A: GENERAL, spanning over fifty years, includes letters between Hawkins and his family, friends, and colleagues. There are many letters from friends regarding the draft in 1950-51. There are several letters from Hawkins to his family during his time in the army between 1954 and 1956. There is a good deal of material regarding Amherst College beginning in 1957 until present day, including first impressions of the college and faculty. In box 4, folder 32, there are letters from Senators Kennedy and Kerry, as well as White House statements regarding US intervention in Kuwait.

Hawkins Family Letters
1914-1949

Box 1: folder 1
Correspondence
1950-1962

Box 1: folder 2-51
Correspondence
1963-1973

Box 2: folder 1-44
Correspondence
1974-1986

Box 3: folder 45-51
Correspondence
1987-2011

Box 4: folder 1-61
Sub-series B: EVENTS



Includes correspondence regarding specific events in Hawkins's personal and professional life, including topics such as the Westover Protest and the arson of the Plainfield home that Hawkins shared with Walter Richard.

Hugh Hawkins personal information


Box 4: folder 62
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Visit to Belgrade
1956

Box 4: folder 63
Student recommendations, grades, disciplinary concerns
1959-2000

Box 4: folder 64
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Letter to Senators Saltonstall and Kennedy regarding nuclear testing; includes the signatures of 50 faculty members
1960

Box 4: folder 65
Re: Edward Jones (AC 1826)
1961-1973

Box 4: folder 66
Recommendations not affiliated with Amherst College
1962-1990

Box 4: folder 67
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Honoraria
1963-1987

Box 4: folder 68
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Recommendations to and about Amherst faculty
1964-1994

Box 4: folder 69
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

FBI file on "Faculty for the Resistance"
1967

Box 5: folder 1
Selective services and military recruiting
ca. 1967

Box 5: folder 2
Conscientious objector status materials
1967-1969

Box 5: folder 3
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Letters from H. Hawkins and W. Richard to Freidel DeWitz (American Studies secretary)
1970-1980s

Box 5: folder 4
Letters from Freidel DeWitz to Hugh Hawkins
1970-1980s

Box 5: folder 5
Letters from American Studies Dept. faculty to Freidel DeWitz
1970-1980s

Box 5: folder 6
Between Harvard and America: Critiques of MS and reviews of book
1971-1973

Box 5: folder 7
Faculty involvement with Westover protest and reactions
1972

Box 5: folder 8
Re: John Mason "Tip" Tyler
1975-1976

Box 5: folder 9
Plans for a general history of American higher education
1978-1979

Box 5: folder 10
Arson of Plainfield home
1992-1993

Box 5: folder 11
Fellowship in Germany
1993-1994

Box 5: folder 12
Re: Amherst history
1991-2011

Box 5: folder 13
Sub-Series C: COMMITTEES, REPORTS, MEETINGS, AND PANELS



Contains correspondence and other materials of the many panels, committees, and events that Hawkins was involved in. Highlights include SCLC's SCOPE project (which Martin Luther King Jr. participated in), which includes an audiotape of speeches, newspapers, and more. Several academic committees are included, such as the Task Force on Admission and Financial Aid.

JHU Students for Academic Freedom (re: Owen Lattimore)
1953-1990

Box 5: folder 14
"Report on a Questionnaire" George Rogers Taylor
1955

Box 5: folder 15
Curriculum Review Committee
1957-1960

Box 5: folder 16
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Re: Faculty salary and tenure
1958-1988

Box 5: folder 17
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

History Dept. minutes and curriculum planning
1959-1967

Box 5: folder 18
Faculty Ad Hoc Committee on grades
1963

Box 5: folder 19
New England American Studies Association
1963-1969

Box 5: folder 20
American Studies Dept. minutes and course planning materials
1963-1996

Box 5: folder 21
SCLC's SCOPE Project: correspondence
1965

Box 5: folder 22
SCLC's SCOPE Project: notes
1965

Box 5: folder 23
SCLC's SCOPE Project: print material (see also box: OS1, folders: 2-10)
1965

Box 5: folder 24
SCLC's SCOPE Project: audiotape of speeches
1965

Box 5: folder 25
SCLC's SCOPE Project: accounts
1965

Box 5: folder 26
Group on Disadvantaged Students (later: Black and White Action Committee)
1966-1967

Box 5: folder 27
Library Committee
1967-1969

Box 5: folder 28
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Committee on Educational Policy
1967-1969

Box 5: folder 29-34
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Ad Hoc Curriculum Committee
1968

Box 6: folder 1
Five-College Committee on Social Responsibility (Mary Holmes College)
1968

Box 6: folder 2
Association for the Study of Negro Life and History
1968

Box 6: folder 3
Black and White Action Committee: working draft of first report
1968

Box 6: folder 4
Black and White Action Committee
1968-1969

Box 6: folder 5-6
African-American student activism (Ralph Ellison visit)
1968-1969

Box 6: folder 7
Plan for exchange program with Black colleges
1969

Box 6: folder 8
Moratorium
1969

Box 6: folder 9-10
Black Studies major, founding
1969-1970

Box 6: folder 11
Task Force on Admission and Financial Aid
1970-1971

Box 6: folder 12
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Task Force on Admission and Financial Aid
1971

Box 6: folder 13
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

College archives upgrading
1971, 1976

Box 6: folder 14
Need-blind admission follow-up
1972

Box 6: folder 15
Select Committee on the Curriculum
1975-1977

Box 6: folder 16
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Select Committee on the Curriculum
1975-1977

Box 6: folder 17-19
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Early history of ILS courses
1977-1982

Box 6: folder 20-21
Five-College Public School Cooperation Program, planning
1983-1984

Box 6: folder 22
Advisory Committee on Student Residential and Social Life
1984

Box 6: folder 23
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

Jakob Holdt's American Pictures presentation
1985

Box 6: folder 24
Committee of Six: miscellaneous notes
1970-1999

Box 6: folder 25
Restrictions on access:

[RESTRICTED]

American Studies Visiting Committee Report and response from Frank Couvares
1989

Box 6: folder 26
Reports on the History of Amherst College Departments
1989-1990

Box 6: folder 27
Dept. History: External Review Committee Report
1995

Box 6: folder 28
"Coeducating Amherst:" Panel on Coeducational History at Amherst
1997

Box 6: folder 29
SERIES 2: WRITINGS
1939-2012


Arrangement:

Series 2 is organized into three sub-series, each arranged chronologically:

Sub-series A: FAMILY



Includes a notebook that was shared by the Hawkins family, audiotapes, and notes regarding genealogy.

Hawkins family household notebook
1940s

Box 6: folder 30
Hawkins family history: notes, 2 audiotapes (1-J.A. Hawkins, 1-Hugh Hawkins on family history)
1978-1986

Box 6: folder 31
Sub-series B: DIARIES AND APPOINTMENT BOOKS



Documents the daily life of Hugh Hawkins.

Diaries (1942, 1946, 1947, 1948-54, 1954-66)
1942-1966

Box 6: folder 32-35
Appointment books
1967-1993

Box 7: folder 1-3
Sub-series C: ACADEMIC AND CREATIVE WRITINGS



Consists of poems, short stories, plays, novels, academic writing, lectures, recollections, notes, and schoolwork.

High School writings
1939-1946

Box 7: folder 4
Washburn papers for freshmen English
1946

Box 7: folder 5
Assorted poems, plays, stories, essays and sketches
1946-1950s

Box 7: folder 6
Assorted poems, plays, stories, essays and sketches
1946-1950s

Box 7: folder 7
DePauw freshmen history research papers
1947

Box 7: folder 8
Boys of Distinction (Coursework for English 102)
1947

Box 7: folder 9
"American Governments" (DePauw coursework)
1947

Box 7: folder 10
Notes for DePauw debate tournaments
1947-48

Box 7: folder 11
And Make Them Laugh Again (radio play)
ca. 1948

Box 7: folder 12
Sweet Stolen Waters (play)
late 1940s

Box 7: folder 13
"The Glory of Motion" (story)
late 1940s

Box 7: folder 14
"Murder Mystery" (story)
1948-1949

Box 7: folder 15
"West in American History" (DePauw coursework, Prof. W.W. Carson)
1949

Box 7: folder 16
Application for Rhodes scholarship
1949

Box 7: folder 17
A History of the Paris Rebellion of 1871 (DePauw thesis)
1950

Box 7: folder 18
Johns Hopkins graduate student papers
1950-1952

Box 7: folder 19
"The Political Exploitation of the Name Abraham Lincoln from the Time of His Death Through the Election of 1866" (JHU paper, Prof. C. Vann Woodward)
1951

Box 7: folder 20
William James (JHU papers, Prof. Victor Lowe)
1951

Box 7: folder 21
Fraternity (novel)
1953-1956

Box 7: folder 22
Writings from time in the army
1956

Box 7: folder 23
"My Visit to Belgrade" (essay)
1956

Box 7: folder 24
Amherst College recollections (includes: "The Importance of Dogs at Amherst College," notes on challenging proposed courses, notes for interview with President Cole, "Henry Steele Commager as a Colleague," "Recollections of JFK visit to Amherst College," "Post-Interview Recollections of Amherst College," "Vietnam War at Amherst College," notes for oral history interview, quotes from George Kateb, notes on Polarities in American Religion 1800-1860, notes for oral history interview with Theodore Greene, notes on M.C. Bateson Composing a Life)
1959-2012

Box 7: folder 25
"John Hopkins University: Opening Years" (notes)
ca. 1960

Box 7: folder 26
Book reviews
ca.1960s

Box 7: folder 27
Chapel addresses
1963-1966

Box 7: folder 28
Unpublished scholarly papers and addresses
1963-1989

Box 7: folder 29
"The Student Revolution: Civil Rights and Southern Negro Colleges" (lecture)
1964

Box 7: folder 30
"Recollections of Selma" (essay)
ca. 1965

Box 7: folder 31
"Negro Protest: Past and Present" (lecture)
1966

Box 7: folder 32
"Reflections on Comparative History" (notes)
1969

Box 7: folder 33
"Dissent and Rational Inquiry" (lecture)
1970

Box 7: folder 34
"Abolitionists in the Civil War Crisis" (lectures)
1972

Box 7: folder 35
"Emergence of a Regional Party" and "Problems of the 1850s" (lectures)
1972, 1974

Box 7: folder 36
"The Ideal of Objectivity Among American Social Scientists in the Era of Professionalization 1876-1916" (essay)
1973

Box 7: folder 37
"Black Americans and the Legacy of Reconstruction" (lecture)
1974

Box 7: folder 38
Harvard under Eliot: Leader in the Professionalization of American Life?" (remarks)
1974

Box 7: folder 39
"On Professionalism in the American University" (remarks)
1976

Box 7: folder 40
"The Changing Publics of American Universities" (lecture)
1977

Box 7: folder 41
"The Specialness of America" (lecture)
1980, 1987, 1990

Box 7: folder 42
Orientation talk to incoming freshmen
1981

Box 7: folder 43
"Urban Universities in Historical Perspective" (lecture)
1984

Box 7: folder 44
"Colleges, Churches, Changes" (address)
1984

Box 7: folder 45
National Coming Out Day (remarks)
1991

Box 7: folder 46
"Race, Sex, and Justice: Anita Hill vs. Clarence Thomas" (lecture)
1994

Box 7: folder 47
"American Higher Education: The Last One Hundred Years" (lecture)
2000

Box 7: folder 48
History of Education Society (remarks)
2001

Box 7: folder 49
In Goodland: a 1930s Boyhood (memoir)
2003

Box 7: folder 50
Railwayman's Son: a Small-Town Family in the Great Depression (memoir)
2006

Box 8: folder 1
"My Connections to the Civil Rights Movement" (notes)
2012

Box 8: folder 2
"The District School: Its Rise, Decline, and Nature" (lecture)
n.d.

Box 8: folder 3
Railwayman's Son: draft of foreword and chapter 1, sent to James S. Haskins for review
2003-05

Box 8: folder 3a
SERIES 3: COURSE MATERIALS
1957-2011


Arrangement:

Series 3 is organized into two sub-series:

Sub-Series A: HAWKINS'S MATERIALS



Consists of syllabi, lecture notes, and other documents arranged chronologically.

Syllabus: The American West (History 66, Prof. Theodore Greene)
1957

Box 8: folder 4
Lectures: Given to introductory American Studies courses (American Studies 11, 12, 21, 22)
1957-1984

Box 8: folder 5-6
Course Materials: Problems in American Civilization (American Studies 21, 22)
1958-1963

Box 8: folder 7
Course Materials: Southern History (History 57)
1958-1987

Box 8: folder 8
Course Materials: History of American Education (History 36, 66)
1961-1989

Box 8: folder 9
Course Materials: The Hero in America (American Studies 70)
early 1960s

Box 8: folder 10
Course Materials: The Military in American Life (American Studies 70)
1964

Box 8: folder 11
Course Planning Documents: Problems of Inquiry
1964

Box 8: folder 12
Course Planning Documents: Liberalism and Social Order (American Studies 21)
1965

Box 8: folder 13
Course Materials: The Negro in American History (Yale Summer Course)
1966

Box 8: folder 14
Lecture: What is Liberal Capitalist Society? (History 17)
ca. 1966

Box 8: folder 15
Course Materials: The Negro Revolt (Course for Alumni)
1967

Box 8: folder 16
Course Evaluations: Race in American History (History 67)
1968

Box 8: folder 17
Course Materials: Slavery as Serfdom (History 75)
1968

Box 8: folder 18
Course Materials: Race in American History (History 67)
1968-1976

Box 8: folder 19
Course Materials: American Democratic Culture (American Studies 11)
1969, 1972

Box 8: folder 20
Proposal: Course on the 1960s (Prof. Edwin Rozwenc)
1971

Box 8: folder 21
Course Materials: Race in American History (History 67)
1971-1976

Box 8: folder 22
Course Materials: Freshmen Seminars
1972

Box 8: folder 23
Course Materials: Violence in America (American Studies 12)
1972

Box 8: folder 24
Proposal: Program in Inter-Racial Studies
1974

Box 8: folder 25
Syllabus: The United States in the 1890s: a Democratic Society in Urban-Industrial Crisis (American Studies 11)
1975

Box 8: folder 26
Course Materials: Twentieth-Century America (History 56)
1976-1979

Box 8: folder 27
Course Materials: Recent American History: the 1930s (History 89)
1977

Box 8: folder 28
Lectures and discussions on Nixon presidency
1979-1999

Box 8: folder 29
Course Materials: Evolution and Intellectual Revolution (ILS 2)
1980-1981

Box 8: folder 30
Course Materials: Artistic Autonomy and Social Responsibility (American Studies 12)
1984

Box 8: folder 31
Course Materials: Memory (ILS 6)
1988-1992

Box 8: folder 32
Lectures: American Studies (Classes in Hamburg)
1993-1994

Box 8: folder 33
Sub-series B: STUDENT WORK



Includes student papers, prize paper submissions, questionnaires, and tests.

Student Papers A-F
1957-2011

Box 8: folder 34
Student Papers G-R
1957-2011

Box 8: folder 35
Student Papers S-Z
1957-2011

Box 8: folder 36
Student Questionnaires (American Studies 11)
1958-1961

Box 8: folder 37
Quiz: Intro to American Studies (American Studies 22)
1959

Box 8: folder 38
Honors Theses Proposals: George Peterson, Jerry Cohen, and Rick Crosby
1962-1963

Box 8: folder 39
George Roger Taylor Prize submissions
1964

Box 8: folder 40
Student questionnaires: Early American Studies majors
1990

Box 8: folder 41
SERIES 4: PRINTED MATERIAL
1940-2010


Scope and content:

Contains material from organizations such as the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).

Arrangement:

Chronological

Early life
1940s

Box 8: folder 42
American Studies/ Mead Art Museum Armory Show
1958

Box 8: folder 43
Miscellaneous social justice
1960-1986

Box 8: folder 44
CORE (Congress on Racial Equality)
1961-1968

Box 8: folder 45
Faculty Opinion: Vietnam Vol. 1 No. 1
1965

Box 8: folder 46
Miscellaneous anti-war
1965-1969

Box 8: folder 47
Conference for New Politics and Thomas Boylston Adams
1966

Box 8: folder 48
Southwest Georgia Project Newsletter vols. 1-3 (incomplete)
1967-1969

Box 8: folder 49
Miscellaneous Amherst history
1984-2000

Box 8: folder 50
Amherst College deaths
2006-2010

Box 8: folder 51
SERIES 5: OVERSIZE ITEMS
1964-1971


Contains an oversized diary and nine of ten parts of the Chapel Hill Weekly series, "Williamston," featuring the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)'s Summer Community Organization and Political Education (SCOPE) project.

Diary
1971

Box OS1: folder 1
Valley Peace Center Newsletter vols. 1-5 (some missing)
1967-1969

Box OS1: folder 2
"Williamston--Part I." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 3
"Williamston-Part III." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 4
"Williamston-Part IV." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 5
"Williamston-Part V." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 6
"Williamston-Part VI." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 7
"Williamston-Part VII." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 8
"Williamston-Part VIII." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 9
"Williamston-Part IX." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 10
"Williamston-Part X." Chapel Hill Weekly
1964

Box OS1: folder 11
Miscellaneous SCOPE newsclippings
1965

Box OS1: folder 12
Xanadu Press Vietnam poster
nd

Box OS1: folder 13
"The Teach-In Continues." The New York Times
1966

Box OS1: folder 14

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Amherst College. Dept. of American Studies
  • Amherst College. Dept. of Black Studies
  • Amherst College. Dept. of History
  • Civil rights movements -- United States -- History -- 20th century
  • Education, Higher -- History -- United States
  • Gay liberation movement
  • Harvard University -- History
  • Korean War, 1950-1953
  • Lattimore, Owen
  • Persian Gulf War, 1991
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975

Contributors
  • Arkes, Hadley
  • DeWitz, Friedel
  • Greene, Theodore P. ((AC 1943))
  • Guttman, Allen
  • O'Connell, Barry, 1943-
  • Ward, John William
  • Wilson, Douglas C. (Doug) ((AC 1962))


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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