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Karl Loewenstein Papers, 1822-1977 (Bulk: 1908-1973)
47 records storage boxes , 8 archives boxes, 6 half archives boxes, 6 tall archives boxes, 38 pamphlet boxes, 1 small flat box, 1 phonograph record box, 3 postcard/clippings boxes, 8 oversize boxes (89.5 linear ft.)

Abstract:
Materials produced and collected by Karl Loewenstein (1891-1973) over the course of his long career as a political scientist, professor, lawyer, and government advisor. The papers include professional and personal correspondence, manuscripts, lecture notes, reports, memoranda, legal documents, diaries, lecture and interview transcripts, photographs, recordings, and printed material. The bulk of the collection documents Loewenstein's long academic career, which began in Munich and continued at Yale and Amherst (1936-1961) after his emigration to the United States in 1933. His work as an advisor for the Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense of the American Republics (1942-1944) and for the U.S. Office of Military Government for Germany (1945-1946) is also well documented. Notable correspondents included Thomas Mann, Max Weber, Lyonel Feininger, Otto Kollreuter, Theodor Maunz, Otto Crusius, Julien Reinach, Lavinia Mazzucchetti, and Mina Tobler. Pre-1933 materials include correspondence, manuscripts, and family papers. The collection also includes small amounts of material belonging to Loewenstein's wife, Piroska (Rona) Loewenstein, and other family members.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Karl Loewenstein Papers for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from the Karl Loewenstein Papers should be directed to Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Amherst, MA

Biographical Note

Karl Loewenstein was born in Munich, Germany, on November 9, 1891, son of a metalware manufacturer and grandson of a Stuttgart jurist. First guided by his parents toward a career in business, Loewenstein turned to the study of law at age nineteen. He attended the universities of Munich, Heidelberg, Paris, and Berlin and received his law degree from Munich in 1914. During World War I, he served with the German infantry (1915). He later completed preparation for a legal career and was admitted to the Bar in 1918. He went on to obtain his doctorate in civil and ecclesiastical law (1919). Loewenstein practiced law in Munich during the 1920s and, in 1931, became a lecturer (Privatdozent) at the University of Munich School of Law. During 1933, Nazi laws forbidding "non-Aryans" to teach German law led him to resign his position. Nazi-sponsored anti-Semitism also made Loewenstein's legal practice difficult to sustain, and he looked for opportunities to emigrate. Aided by the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced German Scholars, he obtained an offer of a two-year teaching position at Yale University. Loewenstein arrived in the United States in late 1933, after marrying his Hungarian fiancée (Piroska Rona). A few months before his position at Yale was due to expire, Loewenstein was offered and accepted a position in the political science department at Amherst College (1936-1939). In 1940, Amherst awarded Loewenstein an honorary M.A. and appointed him Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Science. He held this position until reaching emeritus status in 1961, teaching political theory, the history of government, and international and comparative law.

In 1941, a Guggenheim Fellowship took him to South America for several months of research on contemporary Latin American politics. His subsequent public lectures and writings on trends in Latin American and European political culture caught the attention of officials at the U.S. Departments of State and Justice seeking to curtail the spread of fascism. In 1942, Loewenstein took partial leave from Amherst College to become a Special Assistant to the U.S. Attorney General in Washington, D.C. Part of his responsibility was to oversee production of a series of reports and memoranda for the Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense of the American Republics on fascist political organization and activity in Latin America. While at the Department of Justice, Loewenstein was asked by the State Department to act as temporary legal advisor to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) (1943). He also spent several weeks teaching at the Harvard School for Overseas Administration in Cambridge, Massachusetts (1943-1944). Concurrent with these obligations, Loewenstein served on a committee of the American Law Institute organized to draft a "Statement on Essential Human Rights." After the war, Loewenstein was asked by the Justice Department in to serve in the Legal Division of the United States Office of Military Government for Germany. From 1945-1946, he lent his expertise in German law and his familiarity with the German legal community to the effort to "de-Nazify" the administration of German justice. As of September, 1946, his primary activities were once again teaching and writing, but he continued work as an advisor on matters of constitutional and international law. From 1952-1954, he advised the leader of the German Social Democratic Party, Adolf Arndt, as the latter mounted a constitutional challenge to the signing of European Defense treaties by the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1961-1962, while teaching at Kyoto University on a Fulbright Fellowship, Loewenstein became an advisor to the Japanese Constitutional Reform Commission.

Loewenstein was a prolific writer and a tireless promoter of his works and ideas. During his first decade in the U.S., he gave numerous public talks to civic groups, both locally and nationally. Later in his career, he held more than fourteen guest professorships, including one at the University of Munich (where he was later reinstated as a full professor). Loewenstein authored fourteen books and numerous articles, pamphlets, book reviews, essays, and letters to the editor. He wrote and lectured on a wide range of topics, including comparative constitutional law, the history of government, political symbolism, and international affairs. Some of his work incorporated a sociological perspective on political power that manifested the influence of Max Weber, whose circle in Heidelberg Loewenstein had frequented in his student years. Frequent travel gained him contacts around the world, some of whom became regular correspondents. In addition to his professional memberships, he was a member of the Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.). Opinionated and verbally adept in both German and English, Loewenstein often generated controversy and criticism through his publications and public lectures. He appears to have relished intellectual debate. Toward the end of his life, he found it increasingly difficult to interest American publishers in his work. He was held in particularly high esteem in German academic circles, however, throughout his lifetime and beyond. In 1972, he was awarded the German Order of Merit by the Federal Republic of Germany. He died on July 10, 1973, on a visit to Heidelberg.

Karl Loewenstein: Chronology
1891 Nov 9Born in Munich, Germany.
1901-1907Gymnasium education, Munich
1908-1909Apprenticeships in London and New York; preparation for a career in business
1910-1914Studied law, history, philosophy, and political science at the Universities of Munich, Paris, Berlin
1914Equivalent of LL.B Degree, University of Munich
1915Military service with Germany infantry
1916[?]-1918German civil service employee, while preparing for the Bar exam
1918Admitted to the Bar of Munich
30 April 1919Doctor of Civil and Ecclesiastical law, University of Munich, summa cum laude
1919-1933Practiced law in Munich
1931-1933Lecturer in Law, University of Munich
1933Left Germany for the United States
1934-1936Visiting Associate Professor of Government, Yale University
1936 (Summer)Visiting Professor, University of Colorado, Boulder
1936-1939Visiting Professor, Amherst College
1938 (Summer)Visiting Professor, University of California, Berkeley
1939Acquired United States citizenship
1939Became a member of the Massachusetts Bar
1939Awarded Guggenheim Fellowship
1940 Honorary M.A., Amherst College; appointed Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Science
1941Guggenheim Fellowship research in South America
1942-1944Special Assistant to the United States Attorney General, Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.
1943-1944Consultant, U.S. Department of State, Foreign Economic Administration/United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Association
1943Lecturer, Harvard School for Overseas Administration
1944-1945Legal Advisor, Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense, Montevideo, Uruguay
1945-1946Consultant, Legal Division, Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.)
1946 Visiting Professor, The New School, New York
1948-1950Visiting Expert, Civil Administration Division, Office of Military Government for Germany (U.S.); Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany (served portions of each year)
1949 Visiting Professor, Mount Holyoke College
1952-1954Advised Adolf Arndt (Social Democratic Party, West Germany) on a legal challenge to the European Defense Treaties
1954Visiting Professor, University of Marburg
1955Visiting Professor, Mount Holyoke College
1956Visiting Professor, University of Massachusetts
1956School of Law, University of Munich
1956Walgreen Lecturer, University of Chicago
1956-1958Professor of Political and Legal Science, Yale University Law School
1961-1962Fulbright Professor, University of Kyoto, Japan; Advisor, Japanese Constitutional Reform Commission
1960Lecture tour, Germany
1961Retired from teaching at Amherst College
1963Visiting Professor, Law School, University of Basel
1964Lectures on Comparative Law: Trieste, Italy; Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Strasbourg, France
1964Visiting Professor of Political Science, Yale
1965Lectures, University of Thessaloniki, Greece; Hebrew University, Jerusalem
1966Visiting Professor, Freie Universität, Otto Suhr Institut, Berlin
1967 Visiting Professor, University of Freiburg Law School
1969Visiting Professor, Colorado State University
1969Lecturer, University of Massachusetts
1970Visiting Professor, National University of Mexico, Mexico City
1972Awarded the Commander's Cross of the German Order of Merit by the Federal Republic of Germany
1973 July 10Died in Heidelberg.
Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Karl Loewenstein Papers contain a wide variety of materials collected and created by Karl Loewenstein over the course of his lifetime. The collection also includes items produced or collected by members of Loewenstein's family. The bulk of material produced or collected by Loewenstein spans the years 1908-1970; the relatively small quantity of family papers and photographs stretch back to 1822.

The collection documents Loewenstein's scholarly career in depth. It includes versions of many of his major and minor works, from manuscript drafts of some of his earliest publications (circa 1919) to an unpublished essay in English on the Watergate scandal (circa 1973). Voluminous correspondence documents his negotiations with publishers, substantive discussions with colleagues in his field, applications for fellowships, and arrangements for guest professorships and public speaking engagements. The collection also includes evidence of Loewenstein's research (notes, clippings, printed material) on a variety of topics. Materials related to Loewenstein's participation in professional associations and committees beyond Amherst are also present in the collection, as are notes for courses and lectures given at Amherst and numerous other institutions. He also retained the texts or transcripts of several of his public lectures, radio addresses, and a German television panel session. Loewenstein's work for government agencies and commissions is also well documented through reports, memoranda, correspondence, and, in one case, a detailed, typed office diary (recorded while working for the U.S. Office of Military Government for Germany, 1945-1946).

Although the collection contains Loewenstein's personal diaries from 1905 and 1973 (with gaps), the unique shorthand that he employed make these difficult to read. Most of Loewenstein's extensive personal and professional correspondence, in contrast, was typed or written in a legible hand. Loewenstein retained a small number of legal case and correspondence files, several of which (including one of his own) concern claims for restitution of property lost after World War I or under the Nazi regime.

In his youth, Loewenstein received training in voice and held a life-long passion for music. The collection includes more than one thousand programs from musical or theatrical performances he (presumably) attended. The bulk of these are for European performances between 1902 and 1933. Loewenstein also tried his hand at fiction and poetry; several examples exist in the collection. Printed materials in the collection include many of Loewenstein's articles, often in the form of offprints, and similar items sent to him by colleagues and acquaintances. Loewenstein also collected World War II-era pamphlets and constitutions in pamphlet form. Loewenstein's completed memoir, a scrapbook with clippings and photographs, additional ephemera, financial and legal records, and a small number of recorded radio programs complete his collection.

Loewenstein's father, Otto Loewenstein, appears to have gathered the family papers and memorabilia that are included in the collection. These include correspondence, photographs, an autograph album from 1822, and legal documents. Otto Loewenstein's own memoir and six-volume World War I diary (1914-1918) are part of the collection. In addition, very small amounts of material belonging to Piroska Loewenstein and Mathilda Loewenstein (Karl Loewenstein's wife and mother, respectively) are part of the collection. Their materials include correspondence, books, brochures, lace patterns, and financial and school records.

The materials are largely in German and English. Karl Loewenstein's papers also contain manuscript and printed materials in Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, and Hungarian. The collection includes translations of Loewenstein's published works into additional languages. Piroska Loewenstein's papers contain significant amounts of material in Hungarian. Mathilda and Otto Loewenstein's papers are largely in German, while some of the ancestral documents collected by Otto Loewenstein contain very small amounts of material in Hebrew and unidentified scripts.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Karl Loewenstein Papers for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from the Karl Loewenstein Papers should be directed to Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

[Identification of item], in The Karl Loewenstein Papers [Box #, Folder #], Amherst College Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library.

History of the Collection

The bulk of the materials in the collection were donated to Amherst College by the estate of Piroska Loewenstein (1900-1979) in 1984. Smaller amounts of material were donated (also by her estate) in 1979, 1986, and 1990. Upon his retirement in 1961, Karl Loewenstein also deposited a number of pamphlets and books with the Archives.

Processing Information

Processed in 2010-2011 by Eileen Crosby-Ballou, Project Archivist, with the support of a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Assisted by David Emmerman (AC 2011), Kim Gianfrancesco (AC 2011), Aaron Aruck (AC 2011), Joseph Taff (AC 2013), and Maria Kirigin (2014), Student Assistants.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
PO Box 5000
Amherst, MA 01002-5000

Phone: (413) 542-2299
Fax: (413) 542-2692

Email Reference Form: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives/askus
URL: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives
Language
English, French, German, Hungarian, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese
Sponsor
National Historical Publications and Records Commission
Contents List
Series 1: Karl Loewenstein



Subseries A: Biographical Materials and Life in Germany until 1933



Scope and content:

Subseries A contains biographical and autobiographical materials documenting Loewenstein's life from 1892 to 1973. Documentation of Loewenstein's life includes identification cards, certificates, school records, diplomas, legal records, and records of military service from 1892 to 1933, as well as immigration related correspondence and transactions from 1933-1935. Correspondence and records related to the loss of Loewenstein's teaching position at the University of Munich in 1933 are located in Subseries D and E. This subseries also contains curriculum vitae, autobiographical statements, and lists of Loewenstein's publications. The scrapbook filed here documenting Loewenstein's career from 1933 through 1968 appears to have been largely the work of his wife, Piroska Loewenstein. Additional files of clippings by or about Loewenstein are located here as well. Original photographs contained in the scrapbook have been relocated to Subseries L: Photographs. Toward the end of his life, Loewenstein composed a memoir ("Des Lebens Überfluss," 427 pages). This subseries contains drafts and a final, typed version. An electronic scan of the memoir also exists: Loewenstein-Ueberfluss.pdf. Although Loewenstein's earliest travel diaries are legible (Box 4, Folder 1; Box 5), his remaining diaries (1905-1971) are written in a unique, partly illegible shorthand.

Karl Loewenstein's biographical file at Amherst College also contains significant biographical material not duplicated in this collection.

Arrangement:

Records, passports, and certificates are located first in the subseries, before descriptive and autobiographical materials. The diaries are located at the end of this subseries.

Note:
Birth certificates, identification papers, voting card
1892-1933, n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
Family tree, genealogical information
1933

Box 1: folder 2
Passport; identification, membership, and ration cards; certificate of intention to marry
1914-1937, n.d.

Box 1: folder 3
School and gymnasium records and work
1897-1910

Box 1: folder 4
Account books, bank statements, list of books
1911-1934

Box 1: folder 5
Notes, accounts, membership cards
1909-1914

Box 1: folder 6
Marriage certificate
1933

Box 1: folder 7
Theatre Nachrichten der V.T.M (1912/13) (Bound facsimile of a manuscript; A. Loewenstein was a contributor.) Includes insert: Pfadfinderrinenzeitung 1 (2) (1918).
1911-1918

Box 1: folder 8
Passenger list, "Amerika", Hamburg-American Line
1909 6 Feb

Box 1: folder 9
Letters of recommendation and letters of good standing
1908-1930

Box 1: folder 10
Military service (1915) - Certificates, identification, notes, photograph
1910-1933

Box 1: folder 11
Letzte Kriegsnachrichten (Broadsheet) (enclosed in letter from Karl Loewenstein to parents during military service)
1915 Apr 2

Box OS4: folder 7
Münchner Neueste Nachrichten - Clipping
1915

Box OS4: folder 11
Immigration documents
1933-1935

Box 1: folder 12
Academic records - Universität München, Université de Paris, Universität Berlin
1911-1914

Box 1: folder 13
Political Poster (Paris)
1911 Jun

Box OS5: folder 7
Gymnasium and university catalogs
1905-1933

Box 1: folder 14
Legal education and career in Germany
1914-1930

Box 1: folder 15
Verzeichnis der Rechtsanwälte, Notar, und Gerichtsvollzieher
1931

Box 1: folder 16
Université de Paris - Faculté de Droit
1930-1931

Box 1: folder 17
Trip to London - Printed materials
1933

Box 1: folder 18
Trip to London - Correspondence, notes, letter of reference
1933, n.d.

Box 1: folder 19
Departure from Germany - American Consular Service, correspondence
1933

Box 1: folder 20
Departure from Germany - Inventories and notes
[1933]

Box 1: folder 21
Departure from Germany - Landes und Oberlandesgericht, Bayern, correspondence
1934

Box 1: folder 22
Departure from Germany - Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced German Scholars, report
1935

Box 1: folder 23
Departure from Germany - Landesfinanzamts München, Polizeidirektion München and other emigration-related documents and correspondence
1933, n.d.

Box 1: folder 24
Rabbinat München
1933-1937

Box 1: folder 25
Announcement legal consulting
1935

Box 1: folder 26
Application to study for the bar exam - New York
1934-1935

Box 1: folder 27
Admission to the Massachusetts Bar
1937-1940

Box 1: folder 28
Yale University - Employment Documents
1933-1935

Box 1: folder 29
Lists of lectures, lecture, courses, and seminars given
1936, n.d.

Box 1: folder 30
Curriculum vitae
1939-1973

Box 1: folder 31
Lists of German publications by Loewenstein
1973, n.d.

Box 1: folder 32
List of publications
1962, n.d.

Box 1: folder 33
Book sale
1957-1967

Box 1: folder 34
Obituaries
1973-1976

Box 1: folder 35
News clippings by or about Loewenstein
1953-1966, n.d.

Box 1: folder 36
News clippings by or about Loewenstein
1937-1950, n.d.

Box 1: folder 37
News clippings by or about Loewenstein
1941-1950

Box 1: folder 38
News clippings by or about Loewenstein
1953-1964

Box 1: folder 39
Directories: American Political Science Association (1968); Guggenheim Foundation, Fellows (1925-1967)
1967,1968

Box 1: folder 40
Memoir - Clippings, notes
1935-1970, n.d.

Box 2: folder 1
Memoir - Clippings
1962-1970, n.d.

Box 2: folder 2
Memoir - Clippings, notes
1961-1971, n.d.

Box 2: folder 3
Memoir - Typescript draft (4 folders)
n.d.

Box 2: folder 4-7
Memoir - Correspondence re: publication of memoir
1971-1973

Box 2: folder 8
Memoir - Typescript, table of contents
[1971]

Box 2: folder 9
Memoir - Typescript, chapters 1-5
[1971]

Box 2: folder 10
Memoir - Typescript, chapters 6-11
[1971]

Box 2: folder 11
Memoir - Typescript, chapters 12-16
[1971]

Box 2: folder 12
Memoir - Typescript with minor corrections (3 folders)
[1971]

Box 2: folder 13-15
Scrapbook (folders 1-4 of 8)
1933-1948

Box 2: folder 16-19
Scrapbook (folders 5-8 of 8)
1949-1968

Box 3: folder 1-4
Scrapbook material
1968-1973

Box 3: folder 5
Scrapbook material
1939-1975

Box 3: folder 6
Travel diary
n.d.

Box 4: folder 1
Account book
1922-1925

Box 4: folder 2
Account book
1925-1933

Box 4: folder 3
Address books
1963, n.d.

Box 4: folder 4
Travel diaries, diaries, vocabulary books
1905 Jan-Jul, n.d.

Box 5: folder 4
Diaries
1905 Jul-1912 Oct

Box 6: folder 4
Diaries
1912 Oct-1914 Nov

Box 7: folder 4
Diaries
1914 Nov-1916 Jul

Box 8: folder 4
Diaries
1916 Jul-1918 Sep

Box 9: folder 4
Diaries
1918 Oct-1926 Jul

Box 10: folder 4
Diaries
1933-Mar 1944

Box 11: folder 4
Diaries
1944 Apr-1947 Sep

Box 12: folder 4
Diaries
1947 Sep-1954 Mar

Box 13: folder 4
Diaries
1954 Mar-1963 Apr

Box 14: folder 4
Diaries
1963 Apr-1973 May

Box 15: folder 4
Map of the Paris Metro
n.d.

Box OS4: folder 8
Diplomas and Certificates
1908-1913

Box OS3: folder 12
Document awarding Karl Loewenstein tenured professor status at the University of Munich (glass enclosed)
1956 Oct 19

Box OS6: folder 12
Document from the Juristischen Fakultät, Universität München on the occasion of Karl Loewenstein's eightieth birthday
1971 Nov

Box OS7: folder 1
News articles and letters by or about Loewenstein; related newspapers (in German and English)
1942-1948

Box OS3: folder 1
News articles and letters by or about Loewenstein; related newspapers (in German)
1948-1964

Box OS3: folder 2
Japanese newspapers (fragments) (articles about K. Loewenstein clipped out; if extant, copies of articles are located in Box 1, Folder 39)
1961-1962

Box OS4: folder 10
Subseries B: Publications and Research



Scope and content:

This subseries contains manuscripts and typescripts of Loewenstein's published and unpublished work as a political scientist, including book and article manuscripts, essays for the popular press, book reviews, and letters to the editor. Also included in this subseries are research files, correspondence related to publications, reviews of Loewenstein's published works, texts and transcripts of speeches and radio addresses, grant application materials, and materials gathered on or for research trips and conferences. Journals in which Loewenstein's work appeared, or offprints from those journals, are also in this subseries. Not included in this subseries are research files and correspondence directly related to Loewenstein's work as a policy advisor (Subseries C) or to his non-scholarly work (Subseries A and H). Additional correspondence relating to his publications is found in Subseries D: Correspondence. Additional materials documenting Loewenstein's tenure as a Fulbright Fellow in Japan are in Subseries E. Since Loewenstein accepted public speaking engagements almost whenever he spent significant periods abroad, transcripts of public lectures given in Germany, Japan, Belgium, and elsewhere are located in Subseries C (Policy Advising and Research) and Subseries E (Teaching). Recordings of a small number of Loewenstein's lectures and interviews are in Subseries G.

Of particular interest in this subseries are the clippings and pages from the Vössische Zeitung and other German newspapers that Loewenstein gathered in 1932-1933 for his unpublished essay on the German constitutional crisis of 1933. Germany's leading liberal newspaper, the Vössische Zeitung was shut down in 1934. While the collection contains only few dozen news articles from this period, they provide a penetrating view of liberal intellectuals' understanding of the unfolding political situation shortly before the Nazi seizure of power.

The correspondence in this subseries has been processed only at the folder level, maintaining Loewenstein's organization by year span and language. The contents of the correspondence files consist primarily of negotiations with publishers and thank-you notes from the many individuals to whom Loewenstein sent offprints of his works. Letters with more substantive content, if found, have been foldered by topic (e.g. reactions to Brazil under Vargas). Loewenstein generally retained carbon copies of his typed correspondence and filed incoming and outgoing correspondence together.

A portion of Loewenstein's grant application and conference materials have also not been processed below the folder level.

Arrangement:

  • Published works and related material (drafts, notes, research materials, correspondence and reviews) filed by published title and arranged by date of publication
  • Unpublished works, arranged by approximate date of creation, if known
  • Minor publications (short essays, book reviews, and letters to the editor), arranged by date of publication
  • Research files not clearly connected to any one publication
  • Correspondence regarding publications, arranged by year
  • Publishing contracts
  • Reviews of published works, if not located with the draft of that publication
  • Public lectures and speeches
  • Grant application materials
  • Materials gathered for and during research trips and scholarly conferences
  • Offprints and journal issues containing Loewenstein's published scholarly works, arranged chronologically.

Note that this finding aid lists manuscripts and related material by the published title of the work in question. In cases where the working title and the final, published titled of a work differed, the contents of a folder may not appear to match the title given on the folder. Useful (although not comprehensive) bibliographies of Loewenstein's published works can be found in Markus Lang, Karl Loewenstein: Transatlantischer Denker der Politik (Stuttgart, 2007), pp. 323-328; and in the Festschrift für Karl Loewenstein (Tübingen, 1971), pp. 508-516.

Published Works-Book manuscripts and proofs



Volk und Parlament nach der Staatstheorie der Französischen Nationalversammlung von 1789; Studien zur Dogmengeschichte der unmittelbaren Volksgesetzgebung (Munich, Drei Masken Verlag, 1922). Manuscript draft. (5 folders). This work was Loewenstein's dissertation.
[1914-1922], n.d.

Box 16: folder 1-5
Volk und Parlament nach der Staatstheorie der Französischen Nationalversammlung von 1789; Studien zur Dogmengeschichte der unmittelbaren Volksgesetzgebung, Notes (4 folders).
n.d.

Box 16: folder 6-9
Volk und Parlament nach der Staatstheorie der Französischen Nationalversammlung von 1789. Correspondence.
1919-1926

Box 16: folder 10
Volk und Parlament nach der Staatstheorie der Französischen Nationalversammlung von 1789. Reviews
1923-1926

Box 16: folder 11
Hitler's Germany (Macmillan, 1940). Manuscript and typescript drafts (8 folders)
1937-1939

Box 16: folder 12-19
Hitler's Germany Correspondence (2 folders)
1939-1943

Box 16: folder 20-21
Hitler's Germany Reviews and promotional material (3 folders)
1939-1941, n.d

Box 16: folder 22-24
Political Reconstruction (Macmillan, 1946). Manuscript and typescript drafts (9 folders)
1944, n.d.

Box 17: folder 1-9
Political Reconstruction Notes and clippings
1938-1944, n.d.

Box 17: folder 10
Political Reconstruction Correspondence
1945-1947

Box 17: folder 11
Political Reconstruction Reviews (2 folders)
1946-1948

Box 17: folder 12-13
Die Monarchie im modernen Staat (Metzner, 1952). Drafts (4 folders)
n.d.

Box 17: folder 14-17
Die Monarchie im modernen Staat Forwards to the the Japanese and Spanish editions
1957

Box 17: folder 18
Die Monarchie im modernen Staat Notes, research materials, clippings (7 folders)
1947-1973, n.d.

Box 17: folder 19-25
Citation to Die Monarchie im modernen Staat; Promotional material
1954, n.d.

Box 17: folder 26
Die Monarchie im modernen Staat Clippings (2 folders)
1950-1972

Box OS2: folder 7-8
Political Power and the Governmental Process (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957) .Loewenstein's six-lecture series given at the Charles Walgreen Foundation, University of Chicago,was later published under the title above. Lectures (2 folders)
1956

Box 17: folder 27-28
Political Power and the Governmental Process Notes, clippings
1945-1966, n.d.

Box 17: folder 29
Political Power and the Governmental Process Correspondence (3 folders)
1956-1959

Box 17: folder 30-32
Political Power and the Governmental Process Reviews (2 folders)
1957-1966

Box 17: folder 33-34
Verfassungslehre (German edition of Political Power and the Governmental Process) - Correspondence
1959-1960

Box 18: folder 1
Verfassungslehre - Reviews, citations, promotional material
1959-1967

Box 18: folder 2
Verfassungslehre - Reviews, 2nd Edition
1969-1970

Box 18: folder 3
Der britische Parlamentarismus-Entstehung und Gestalt (Rowohlt, 1964). Correspondence
1963-1965

Box 18: folder 4
Der britische Parlamentarismus. Reviews
1964-1966

Box 18: folder 5
Staatsrecht und Staatspraxis von Grossbritannien (Springer, 1967). (Research materials for this work appear to have been mixed with those used for "Der britische Parlamentarismus-Entstehung und Gestalt and are filed here.) Typescript drafts (8 folders)
1963-1965

Box 18: folder 6-13
Staatsrecht und Staatspraxis von Grossbritannien Draft fragments, notes, research materials, clippings (10 folders)
1952-1966, n.d.

Box 18: folder 14-23
Staatsrecht und Staatspraxis von Grossbritannien New Material, Draft fragments.
n.d.

Box 19: folder 1
Staatsrecht und Staatspraxis von Grossbritannien Research materials, notes, fragments, clippings, bibliographies, research-related correspondence (8 folders)
1952-1968, n.d.

Box 19: folder 2-9
Staatsrecht und Staatspraxis von Grossbritannien Correspondence, Reviews(2 folders)
1965-1972

Box 19: folder 10-11
Staatsrecht und Staatspraxis von Grossbritannien (research): The London Times October 12 and 17, 1964
1964

Box OS2: folder 9
Staatsrecht und Staatspraxis von Grossbritannien (research): The London Times, 23 March 1966; Die Weltwoche, 10 December 1965
1965-1966

Box OS2: folder 10
The Governance of Rome (Nijhoff, 1973), Early drafts (7 folders)
[1965] -1972

Box 19: folder 12-18
The Governance of Rome, Part One, later drafts (1-4 of 10 folders)
[1965]-1973

Box 19: folder 19-22
The Governance of Rome, Part One, later drafts (5-10 of 10 folders)
[1965]-1973

Box 20: folder 1-6
The Governance of Rome, Part Two, later drafts (2 folders)
1967-1969

Box 20: folder 7-8
TheGovernance of Rome. Final Draft, Copy one (5 folders)
1970

Box 20: folder 9-13
TheGovernance of Rome. Final Draft, Copy two (1-4 of 5 folders)
1970

Box 20: folder 14-17
TheGovernance of Rome. Final Draft, Copy two (folder 5 of 5 folders)
1970

Box 21: folder 1
TheGovernance of Rome. Master Copy (5 folders)
1971

Box 21: folder 2-6
The Governance of Rome, Proofs (11 folders)
[1972]-1973

Box 21: folder 7-17
The Governance of Rome. Indexes
[1972], n.d.

Box 22: folder 1-2
The Governance of Rome. Notes
n.d.

Box 22: folder 3
The Governance of Rome. Clippings
1965-1972, n.d.

Box 22: folder 4
The Governance of Rome. Bibliography, Table of Contents
[1972]

Box 22: folder 5
The Governance of Rome. Correspondence with publishers (4 folders)
1969-1977

Box 22: folder 6-9
The Governance of Rome. Contract with publisher
1969-1977

Box 22: folder 10
The Governance of Rome. Reviews and promotional material.
1973-1975, n.d.

Box 22: folder 11
Kooptation und Zuwahl (Metzner, 1973). German version, drafts (7 folders)
n.d.

Box 22: folder 12-18
Kooptation und Zuwahl (Metzner, 1973). Final draft (2 folders)
1972

Box 22: folder 19-20
Kooptation und Zuwahl. English version
1970, n.d.

Box 22: folder 21
Kooptation und Zuwahl. English version, rough draft, clippings
1973, n.d.

Box 22: folder 22
Kooptation und Zuwahl. Proofs and Index (5 folders)
1972-1973

Box 23: folder 1-5
Kooptation und Zuwahl. Research material and Clippings (8 folders)
1954-1973, n.d.

Box 23: folder 6-13
Kooptation und Zuwahl. Research material and notes
1971-1972

Box 23: folder 14
Kooptation und Zuwahl. Correspondence (2 folders)
1969-1976

Box 23: folder 15-16
Kooptation und Zuwahl. Reviews
1973-1974

Box 23: folder 17
Kooptation und Zuwahl. Research Material and Clippings
1944-1973

Box OS2: folder 3-6
Published Works--Articles and contributions to multi-authored works



"Zur Soziologie der parlamentarischen Repräsentation in England nach der großen Reform" - Proofs, correspondence
1924

Box 23: folder 18
The Government of the Napoleonic Dictatorship [presumed to be the draft and materials for "The Dictatorship of Napoleon the First," South Atlantic Quarterly 35 (1936): 298-318]. Manuscript drafts. (3 folders)
1934-1935

Box 23: folder 19-21
The Government of the Napoleonic Dictatorship - notes, and clippings (2 folders)
1934-1941, n.d.

Box 23: folder 22-23
Government of the Napoleonic Dictatorship - Clippings
1939-1941

Box OS1: folder 1
"Law in the Third Reich" - Manuscript and typescript drafts (2 folders)
1933-1936, n.d

Box 23: folder 24-25
"Law in the Third Reich," Notes
1933-1936, n.d

Box 23: folder 26
"Law in the Third Reich" - Correspondence and clippings
1936-1937

Box 23: folder 27
"The Balance between Legislative and Executive Power" - Lecture
1939

Box 23: folder 28
"The Balance between Legislative and Executive Power" - Correspondence
1938-1939

Box 23: folder 29
"Government and Politics of Germany."-typescript drafts)
[1940]

Box 23: folder 30
"Government and Politics of Germany." Fragment (proof?)
[1940]

Box 23: folder 31
"National Socialist Law and the Administration of Justice" (Encyclopedia Britannica). Manuscript drafts, research material, correspondence
1941-1943, n.d.

Box 23: folder 32
"Germany-the Government" (Encyclopedia Americana) - Correspondence
1949

Box 23: folder 33
"Germany-the Government" (Encyclopedia Americana) - Proofs
[1950]

Box 23: folder 33-34
"Law and the Legislative Process in Occupied Germany" [Yale Law Journal, 1948]. Typescript drafts, notes, correspondence (3 folders)
1945-[1947], n.d.

Box 24: folder 1-3
"Staatspolitik und Verfassungsrecht in den Vereinigten Staaten von 1933-1955, " Jahrbuch des öffentlichen Rechts (1955). Page proofs, research material, notes, clippings, correspondence, and reviews (3 folders)
1954-1957

Box 24: folder 4-6
"Die Staatspolitische Entwicklung der Vereinigten Staaten" - Clippings
1954-1955

Box OS2: folder 11
"The Legal Institutionalization of Political Parties" - Typescript of Loewenstein's conference paper and "General Report," research materials, notes, clippings (4 folders). Note: Loewenstein was the Reporter General for the Fifth International Congress of Comparative Law (Brussels, 1958) and notes in his memoir that he introduced contributors in three languages.
1957-1961

Box 24: folder 7-10
The Legal Institutionalization of Political Parties, Conference papers (various authors) (2 folders) (Published reports from the The International Academy of Comparative Law's Fifth International Congress of Comparative Law, Brussels, 1958, are located at the end of this subseries, with Conferences and Research Trips.)
1954-1958

Box 24: folder 11-12
"The Unification of Europe: a balance sheet." Typescript drafts, notes, and clippings (3 folders)
1958-1961

Box 24: folder 13-15
"The Unification of Europe," clippings (2 folders)
1956-1961

Box OS2: folder 1-2
"The Investiture of the British Prime Minister." Typescript draft (2 folders)
[1966]

Box 24: folder 16-17
"Betrachtungen zur zeitgenössischen Militärregierung." Typescript drafts, proofs, notes, clippings, correspondence (3 folders)
1968-1971

Box 24: folder 18-20
"Constitutions and Constitutional Law in the West and in the East." Typescript drafts (English and German), bibliographies (6 folders)
n.d.

Box 24: folder 21-26
"Constitutions and Constitutional Law in the West and in the East." Lectures
1969, n.d.

Box 24: folder 27
"Constitutions and Constitutional Law in the West and in the East." Clippings and Offprints (2 folders)
1964-1971

Box 24: folder 28-29
"Vorschläge zur Kontrolle der politischen Meinungsforschung." Photocopy of printed article.
1971

Box 25: folder 1
"Rom und die allgemeine Staatslehre." Typescript and manuscript drafts, notes
1970-1971

Box 25: folder 2
"Ketzerische Betrachtungen über die amerikanische Verfassung." Included here is the original, English version of this article entitled, "What's wrong with our Constitution," and documentation of KL's failed attempts to publish it. See also "Die Abwertung der amerikanischen Bundesverfassung" ("Watergate"), in unpublished works, 1973. Typescript drafts, proofs (4 folders)
1967-1973, n.d.

Box 25: folder 3-6
"Ketzerische Betrachtungen über die amerikanische Verfassung." Research Materials, clippings, notes (3 folders)
1970-1973

Box 25: folder 7-9
"Ketzerische Betrachtungen über die amerikanische Verfassung." Correspondence
1970-1972

Box 25: folder 10
S"overeignty in the Skies (New York Times editorial)." Draft, clippings, correspondence, and published original.
1972-1973

Box 25: folder 11
"Rom, Venedig, England." Typescript drafts (6 folders)
1972-1973

Box 25: folder 12-17
"Rom, Venedig, England." Research materials, correspondence.
1936-1972, n.d.

Box 25: folder 18
"Rom, Venedig, England." Offprints, recipient list, published version (posthumous).
1973, n.d.

Box 25: folder 19
"Die römische Republik: Modell des nicht-demokratischen Konstitutionalismus." Typescript drafts (2 folders).
1972-[1973]

Box 25: folder 20-21
Unpublished Works.



Staatsrechtwissenschaft und Verfassungskrise. Typescript draft, notes.
[1932]

Box 25: folder 22
Staatsrechtwissenschaft und Verfassungskrise German newspapers and clippings. Includes material from the Vössische Zeitung.
1932-1933

Box OS5: folder 1
Zur Theorie des Verfassungskrisen. Manuscript drafts. notes, clippings, lecture.
1932, n.d.

Box 25: folder 23
Apologie des liberalen Staatsdenkens. Manuscript and typescript drafts; correspondence.
1932

Box 25: folder 24
Cäsarismus. Typescript draft.
[1933]

Box 25: folder 25
Ermächtigungsgesetze: Eine Rechtsgleichenden Untersuchung uber die delegation des gesetzgebenden Gewalt (Enabling Laws: A comparative study of the delegation of legislative power). Manuscript draft (29 September 1935)
1935

Box 25: folder 26
Verfassungsrechtliche Entwicklung im Dritten Reich vom 30 Januar 1933- 30 März 1936. Typescript draft.
[1936]

Box 25: folder 27
Legislation for the defense of democracy in Europe. Typescript drafts.
n.d.

Box 25: folder 28
Verfassungsgerichtbarkeit in den Vereinigten Staaten. Typescript draft.
1935

Box 25: folder 29
The present situation of Jews in Germany - Outline, draft
[1934-1938]

Box 25: folder 30
The international situation of France. Typescript.
1936

Box 25: folder 31
The international situation of France. Radio address, February 10, 1936; Feb 17, 1936
1936

Box 25: folder 32
Constitutional jurisprudence in Dictatorships (November 1936)
1935

Box 25: folder 33
Einige Bermerkungen über Organisation und Aufgaben eines Lehrstuhles für Vergleichendes Staats- und Verfassungsrecht an der Universität Madrid. Typescript.
n.d.

Box 25: folder 34
Constitution and Government in Modern Germany, 1871-1939; draft table of contents. Typescript.
n.d.

Box 25: folder 35
The coming plebiscite on the Saar. Typescript draft
n.d.

Box 25: folder 36
The suicide of Europe. Typescript.
[after 1934]

Box 25: folder 37
Nichtanerkennung der deutschen Judengesetze in den Vereinigten Staaten. Typescript, clipping.
1936, n.d.

Box 25: folder 38
Prager Impressionen eines amerikanischen Staatsrechtlers. Typescript.
n.d.

Box 25: folder 39
Reconstruction of Europe. Manuscript and typescript drafts.
[1939]

Box 25: folder 40
Foreign Intervention in the Post War Period. Typescript draft, research materials.
1946-1950, n.d.

Box 25: folder 41
Comparative Political Institutions. Typescript draft, notes, clippings, correspondence (5 folders). There is considerable overlapping content within the manuscripts entitled "Comparative Political Institutions," "Political Power and the Law," "Patterns of Government," and the "The History of Government." Although Loewenstein never published a book under one of these titles, his 1956 Walgreen Foundation lectures appear to have drawn substantially on this body of work. The lectures were subsequently published as Political Power and the Governmental Process (Chicago, 1957) and translated into German as Verfassungslehre (Tubingen, 1959).
1951-1956, nd.

Box 25: folder 42-46
Political Power and the Law. Typescript draft and notes (2 folders)
[1953-1956]

Box 26: folder 1-2
Patterns of Government. Typescript drafts, notes, clippings, research materials (7 folders)
1948-1958, n.d.

Box 26: folder 3-9
Patterns of Government-clippings, notes
1952-1960

Box 26: folder 10
History of Government. Typescript drafts, clippings, research materials (15 folders)
1951-1967

Box 26: folder 11-25
A Treatise on the State and its Government (typed project proposal)
n.d.

Box 27: folder 1
Memorandum [on German Unification]
1961

Box 27: folder 2
The Affair of the Spiegel and German Democracy. Typescript and correspondence.
1962-1963

Box 27: folder 3
Versuch einer Geschichte des Regierungswesens. Typescript.
1965

Box 27: folder 4
Die Abwertung der amerikanischen Bundesverfassung [alternate title: Watergate, oder Nemesis der Macht). Typescript drafts.
1973

Box 27: folder 5
Minor Publications



Book Reviews, Published Essays (includes folded, unopened sheets)
1932-1942, n.d.

Box 27: folder 6
Intercontinental Features newspaper columns; related correspondence
1940

Box 27: folder 7
Minor publications
1949-1969, n.d.

Box 27: folder 8
"German Law" - Encyclopedia article
n.d.

Box 27: folder 9
Militant Democracy, letter to the editor. [Appears to have been the basis of Loewenstein's 1937 article on this topic].
n.d.

Box 27: folder 10
Editorial, The Springfield Republican,
1938 Oct 8

Box 27: folder 11
Correspondence re: Loewenstein's letter to the New York Times (Nov. 13, 1941)
1941

Box 27: folder 12
Letters to the editor
1939-1972

Box 27: folder 13
Essays for German and Czech newspapers
1932, 1938

Box OS1: folder 2
Research Files



Research notes
n.d

Box 27: folder 14
German Newspaper Clippings
1910, n.d.

Box OS5: folder 8
Newspaper Clippings (Vössiche Zeitung and other German language publications)
1923-1933, n.d.

Box OS5: folder 2
Newspaper Clippings (Frankfurter Zeitung, Neue Zürcher Zeitung )
1923-1930

Box OS5: folder 3
Newspaper Clippings (Vössiche Zeitung and other German language publications)
1932-1933

Box OS5: folder 4
Newspaper Clippings (Vössiche Zeitung and other German language publications, 1927-1930; New York Times, 1935)
1927-1935

Box OS5: folder 5
Newspapers (Prager Illustrierte Montag, Neue Zürcher Zeitung , New Haven Evening Register)
1937-1941

Box OS5: folder 6
Material on Hitler's Germany-Clippings (The New York Times, The Observer)
1939-1942

Box OS3: folder 4
Material on Hitler's Germany-Newspapers and clippings (National Zeitung (Basel), Schweitzer Zeitung am Sonntag, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, New York Times)
1939-1942

Box OS3: folder 5
Material on Hitler's Germany, "new material" - outlines, notes, clippings, printed material
1939-1942, n.d.

Box 27: folder 15
Material on the destruction of Hitlerism-clippings, notes, printed material
1939-1941

Box 27: folder 16
Material on Hitler's Germany-New York Times Magazine ( select issues, some fragmentary)
1939-1941

Box OS1: folder 7
Neue Zürcher Zeitung (select pages)
1940

Box OS1: folder 4
Material on the destruction of Hitlerism-clippings (New York Times, Neue Volkszeitung)
1939-1941

Box OS2: folder 14
Material on Jakob Burckhardt-notes and clippings
1927-1942, n.d.

Box 27: folder 17
Material on Jakob Burckhardt-clippings
1937-1941, n.d.

Box OS2: folder 15
Andorra-clippings, notes
1935-1953

Box 27: folder 18
Peace Plan Materials: notes (typescript, manuscript)
n.d.

Box 27: folder 19
Peace Plan Materials: clippings
1940-1942

Box 27: folder 20
Peace Plan Materials: printed materials
1939-1942

Box 27: folder 21
Peace Plan Materials: printed material, Das Neue Tage-Buch
1938-1940

Box 27: folder 22
Peace Plan Materials: printed material, The Inter-Allied Review
1941-1942

Box 27: folder 23
Peace Plan - Printed Materials
1941-1942

Box OS1: folder 8
Peace Plan Materials - Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Neue Volkszeitung
1940-1941

Box OS3: folder 6
Peace Plan Materials - New York Times clippings
1940-1941

Box OS3: folder 7
Peace Plan Materials: student paper
1940

Box 27: folder 24
Patterns of Government [?]-typed notecards
n.d.

Box 27: folder 25
Clippings on Great Britain
1968-1969

Box 27: folder 26
Clippings on Great Britain
1967-1968

Box 27: folder 27
Clippings on Great Britain
1969-1973

Box 27: folder 28
Clippings on Great Britain
1963-1971

Box 27: folder 29
Clippings on Great Britain
1967-1973

Box 27: folder 30
Clippings on Great Britain - London Times Supplement on the Prince of Wales, 1 July 1966
1969

Box OS2: folder 12
British Local Government: Research and Draft
1961-1971

Box 27: folder 31
British Politics - German Newspaper clippings
1926-1927

Box OS1: folder 6
European Integration - News Clippings - New York Times
1953-1954

Box 27: folder 32
Military Dictatorship-drafts, notes, radio lecture
1962, n.d.

Box 27: folder 33
Military Dictatorship-research materials
1962-1968, n.d.

Box 27: folder 34
Military Dictatorship-clippings
1954, 1967-1973

Box 27: folder 35
Military Dictatorship-clippings
1962-1968

Box 28: folder 1
Military Dictatorship-clippings
1961-1963

Box 28: folder 2
Data Concerning Legislative vs. Judicial-clippings, notes, correspondence, printed material
1968-1973

Box 28: folder 3
German Constitutional Reform-clippings, printed materials, notes
1969-1978

Box 28: folder 4
South Tyrol: printed materials, correspondence
1959

Box 28: folder 5
South Tyrol: printed material
1956-1960

Box 28: folder 6
South Tyrol: clippings
1954-1961

Box 28: folder 7
Pre-emption: correspondence, notes, printed material
1958, n.d.

Box 28: folder 8
Pre-emption: clippings, notes, printed material
1950s

Box 28: folder 9
Pre-emption: student papers
1959-1960

Box 28: folder 10
Student Paper: "The Problem of the South Tyrol"
1961

Box 28: folder 11
German Constitutional Court - Authority of the Minister-President in Schleswig-Holstein-Case documents and related materials
1967-1969

Box 28: folder 12
Material on varied topics: printed material
1962-1967, n.d.

Box 28: folder 13
Material on varied topics: notes, clippings,
1963-1970, n.d.

Box 28: folder 14
Research materials, Various Topics
1965-1966, n.d.

Box 28: folder 15
Clippings, Various Topics (3 folders)
1964-1968

Box 28: folder 16-18
Clippings, Various Topics
1964-1968

Box OS1: folder 10
Clippings, Various Topics (New York Times, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung)
1964-1968

Box OS2: folder 17
Reading and Research Notes (manuscript), varied topics
[1930s]

Box 28: folder 19
Notes and Bibliographies (manuscript and typescript)
1934-1936

Box 28: folder 20
Notes, Bibliographies, Printed materials
1920-1956, n.d.

Box 28: folder 21
Bibliographies, printed material, correspondence, clippings
1971-1973, n.d.

Box 28: folder 22
Reviews and names of useful books
1969-1970, n.d.

Box 28: folder 23
Names of useful books
1971-1972, n.d.

Box 28: folder 24
Correspondence re: Publications



Correspondence re: Publications
1922-1923

Box 28: folder 25
Correspondence re: Die Magna Charta des britischen Weltreichs
1927

Box 28: folder 26
Correspondence re: Die Rechtsgültigkeit der Neuregelung der Biersteuerentschädigung
1927

Box 28: folder 27
Correspondence, reviews, notes, bibliography re: Verfassungslebens in Großbritannien
1932-1933

Box 28: folder 28
Correspondence re: Publications
1936

Box 28: folder 29
Correspondence re: Publications
1937

Box 28: folder 30
Correspondence re: Legislative Control of Political Extremism
1938

Box 28: folder 31
Correspondence re: Publications
1938

Box 28: folder 32
Correspondence re: Publications, Williams, Norman (Yale Law Journal)
1942

Box 29: folder 1
Correspondence with MacMillan Co. re: Government and Politics in Continental Europe (2 folders)
1938-1942

Box 29: folder 2-3
Correspondence with Thomas Y. Crowell Co. re: Introduction to Politics
1940-1942

Box 29: folder 4
Correspondence with MacMillan Co. re: Brazil Under Vargas and Government and Politics in Continental Europe
1942-1943

Box 29: folder 5
Correspondence re: Publications
1940

Box 29: folder 6
Correspondence re: Publications
1941

Box 29: folder 7
Correspondence re: Publications
1942

Box 29: folder 8
Correspondence re: Publications
1943-1944

Box 29: folder 9
Correspondence re: Legislation against subversive activity in Argentina
1943-1944

Box 29: folder 10
Correspondence re: Brazil under Vargas (2 folders)
1942-1943

Box 29: folder 11-12
Brazil under Vargas - American and Brazilian reactions
1942-1945

Box 29: folder 13
Correspondence re: Publications
1945-1950

Box 29: folder 14
Correspondence re: Publications
1946-1947

Box 29: folder 15
Correspondence re: Publications
1947-1948

Box 29: folder 16
Correspondence re: Reconstruction of the administration of Justice in Germany
1948

Box 29: folder 17
Correspondence re: Publications
1949

Box 29: folder 18
Correspondence re: Publications; Notes
1950, n.d.

Box 29: folder 19
Correspondence re: Publications
1950-1951

Box 29: folder 20
Correspondence re: Publications
1951-1952

Box 29: folder 21
Correspondence re: Publications (2 folders)
1951-1953

Box 29: folder 22-23
Correspondence re: Publications
1952

Box 30: folder 1
Correspondence re: The Union of Western Europe
1952

Box 30: folder 2
Correspondence re: The Union of Western Europe
1952-1953

Box 30: folder 3
Correspondence re: Publications
1952-1953

Box 30: folder 4
Correspondence re: Publications
1953-1954

Box 30: folder 5
Correspondence "re: German Publications" (2 folders)
1953-1955

Box 30: folder 6-7
Correspondence re: Publications (2 folders)
1953-1955

Box 30: folder 8-9
Correspondence re: Sovereignty and international cooperation
1954-1955

Box 30: folder 10
Correspondence re: Publications
1955

Box 30: folder 11
Correspondence re: The Bonn Constitution and the EDC
1955

Box 30: folder 12
Correspondence re: Publications
1956

Box 30: folder 13
Correspondence "re: German Publications" (2 folders)
1955-1960

Box 30: folder 14-15
Correspondence re: Publications (2 folders)
1958-1960

Box 30: folder 16-17
Correspondence re: Publications ("German")
1960-1961

Box 30: folder 18
Correspondence re: Publications (2 folders)
1960-1961

Box 30: folder 19-20
Correspondence and Reviews
[1961-1964]

Box 30: folder 21
Correspondence re: Publications (3 folders)
1962-1964

Box 30: folder 22-24
Correspondence "re: German Publications"
1962-1964

Box 31: folder 1
Correspondence with Rowohlt publishers
1963-1967

Box 31: folder 2
Correspondence "re: Publications in English" (2 folders)
1966-1967

Box 31: folder 3-4
Correspondence "re: German and foreign publications"
1966-1967

Box 31: folder 5
Correspondence "re: English Publications"
1967-1969

Box 31: folder 6
Correspondence "re: Foreign Publications" (2 folders)
1967-1969

Box 31: folder 7-8
Correspondence "re: Publications-Foreign"
1969-1970

Box 31: folder 9
"Festschrift-Correspondence re: 80th birthday"
[1970-1972]

Box 31: folder 10
[Correspondence re:] Publications - "foreign" (2 folders)
1970-1972

Box 31: folder 11-12
Correspondence re: Publications -"foreign"
1972-1973

Box 31: folder 13
Correspondence "re: Publications -English" (2 folders)
1970-1973

Box 31: folder 14-15
Correspondence with publishers, reviews
1972-1976

Box 31: folder 16
Reviews of Loewenstein's works



Reviews of works by Karl Loewenstein
1925-1942

Box 31: folder 17
Reviews of Brazil under Vargas, fragment of proof (3 of 5 folders)
1942-1943

Box 31: folder 18-20
Reviews of Brazil under Vargas, fragment of proof (4-5 of 5 folders)
1942-1943

Box 32: folder 1-2
Reviews and citation-Brazil under Vargas
1942-1943

Box 32: folder 3
Promotional material and book jackets
n.d.

Box 32: folder 4
Gegenwartslage des britischen Parlamentarismus, reviews, correspondence, promotional materials
1965-1968

Box 32: folder 5
British Cabinet Government, correspondence, reviews
1967-1969

Box 32: folder 6
Reviews of works by Karl Loewenstein
1952-1969

Box 32: folder 7
Reviews of works by Karl Loewenstein
1965-1967

Box 32: folder 8
Reviews Verfassungsrecht und Verfassungspraxis
1959-1965

Box 32: folder 9
Review of Festschrift für Adolf Arndt zum 65. Geburtstag. (Loewenstein's contribution, "Betrachtungen zur Zeitgenössischen Militärregierung," not mentioned.)
1969

Box 32: folder 10
Reviews of Das Problem des Föderalismus in Grossbritannien (Münchener Zeitung, 22 Feb 1922; Münchener-Augsburger Abendzeitung, 2 March 1922)
1922

Box OS2: folder 13
Reviews of Verfassungsleben in Grossbritannien
1932

Box OS1: folder 3
Publishing contracts



Contracts with Publishers, correspondence, receipts [additional contracts filed with respective published works]
1937-1964

Box 32: folder 11
Public lectures, speeches, and radio programs



Public lectures and lecture announcements
1936-1948

Box 32: folder 12
Public lectures, radio addresses
1936-1963

Box 32: folder 13
American Bar Association - Section of Criminal Law
1940 Sep

Box 32: folder 14
"The Agrarian system in Nazi Germany" - [Lecture to the American Bar Association ?]
[1940]

Box 32: folder 15
"A Federal Public Order Act against Subversive Political Activities" - Lecture to the American Bar Association
1940 Sep 11

Box 32: folder 16
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Legislative reports and bills
1940-1941

Box 32: folder 17
Control of Subversive Political Activities- Printed material
1939-1940, n.d.

Box 32: folder 18
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Correspondence-Bellquist, Eric C.
1940 Sep

Box 32: folder 19
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Correspondence-Black, Forest R.
1940 Aug

Box 32: folder 20
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Correspondence-Oscar Cox to Myres S. McDougal
1942 Apr

Box 32: folder 21
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Correspondence-Ellenbogen, Seymour
1940 Sep

Box 32: folder 22
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Correspondence-Hammonds, O.W.
1940 Aug-Sep

Box 32: folder 23
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Correspondence-Smith, Lawrence M.C.
1940 Sep

Box 32: folder 24
Control of Subversive Political Activities-Correspondence
1940 Sep-Oct

Box 32: folder 25
Public lectures, Speeches
1956, n.d.

Box 32: folder 26
Transcript of recording of Loewenstein's lecture to the Juristische Gesellschaft
1960 Jun 30

Box 32: folder 27
Public lecture announcement
1967

Box 32: folder 28
Radio Lectures - Westdeutscher Rundfunk
1967-1968

Box 32: folder 29
Revolution auf dem Papier: ein Bericht über das Scheitern der Entnazifizierung" by Lutz Lehman-Norddeutscher Rundfunk-Transcript of panel discussion, notes, correspondence
[1971]

Box 32: folder 30
Fellowship applications



Correspondence-Guggenheim Fellowship
1935-1947

Box 32: folder 31
Guggenheim Fellowship
1940-1941

Box 32: folder 32
Application-Social Science Research Council
1947

Box 32: folder 33
Grant Application Materials
[1941-1955]

Box 32: folder 34
Abortive applications for fellowships
1953-1955

Box 32: folder 35
Correspondence with Rockefeller Foundation
1955-1962

Box 32: folder 36
Conferences and Research Trips



Travel arrangements-Europe
1957

Box 32: folder 37
Mexico
1952

Box 32: folder 38
European trip (2 folders)
1963

Box 32: folder 39-40
International Law Association conference, Budapest
1934

Box 32: folder 41
Conference programs, reports, related correspondence
1936-1963

Box 33: folder 1
Conference programs and reports
1949-1957

Box 33: folder 2
IPSA Conference papers (International Political Science Assn.)
1962

Box 33: folder 3
Conference discussion contribution [The Hague?]
n.d.

Box 33: folder 4
International Academy of Comparative Law-Conference Reports (9 folders)
1958

Box 33: folder 5-13
International Academy of Comparative Law-Correspondence, Program
1962-1964

Box 33: folder 14
Printed Material



Publications recipient lists
1951-1964, n.d.

Box 33
Publishers' catalogs
1962-1972

Box 33: folder 16
New York Times clippings on non-U.S. politics (arranged by country)[in clippings box]
1946-1950

Box 34
New York Times clippings on non-U.S. politics; notes [in clippings box]
1950s-1960s, n.d.

Box 35
Printed materials by Karl Loewenstein [Pamphlet and archives boxes]



Karl Loewenstein Publications:

"Das Problem des Föderalismus in Großbritannien." Munich: J. Schweitzer Verlag. Sonderdruck aus den Annalen des Deutschen Reiches, Heft 1/2 (1921/1922).

"Zur Soziologie der parlamentarischen Repräsentation in England vor der ersten Reformbill." Sonderdruck aus dem Sammelwerk: Erinnerungsgabe für Max Weber: Die Hauptproblem der Soziologie. Munich: Dunker und Humblot, 1923.

Die britischen Parlamentswahlen im November 1922. Munich: Drei Masken Verlag, 1923.

"Minderheitsregierung in Grossbritannien: Verfassungsrechtliche Untersuchungen zur neuesten Entwicklung des britischen Parlamentarismus." Sonderdruck aus den Annalen des Deutschen Reiches, (1923/25).

"Die 'Magna Charta' des Britischen Weltreichs." Sonderabdruck aus Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts, N.F. 12, Heft 2 (1927).

"Die Rechtsgultigkeit der gesetzlichen Neuregelung der Biersteuerentschädigung." Sonderabdruck aus Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts, N.F. 13, Heft 2 (1927). Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr.

"Zur Verfassungsmäßigkeit der Notverordnungen vom Juli und August 1931." Sonderdruck, Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts, N.F. 21, Heft 1 (1931). Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr.

"Eine Verfassung im Mikroskop; Staastrechtliche Betrachtungen zu den Verfassungswirren in Andorra." Zeitschrift für öffentliches Recht XIV (4) (1933): 417-444.

"Law in the Third Reich." Reprinted from The Yale Law Journal 45 (5) (March 1) (1936): 779-815.

"Monarchy Gains Lost Ground in Europe." Reprint from Social Science 11 (3) (1936): 202-215.

"Occupational Representation and the Idea of an Economic Parliament." Reprint from Social Science 12 (4) (1937): 420-432.

"Opposition and Public Opinion under the Dictatorship of Napoleon the First." Reprinted from Social Research 4 (4)(1937): 461-477.

"Dictatorship and the German Constitution: 1933-1937." Reprinted... from The University of Chicago Law Review 4 (4) (1937): 537-574.

"Militant Democracy and Fundamental Rights I" and "Militant Democracy and Fundamental Rights II." Reprinted from The American Political Science Review 31 (3): 417-432; (4): (1937): 638-638. [Parts I and II bound together.]

"Legislative Control of Political Extremism in European Democracies I" and "Legislative Control of Political Extremism in European Democracies II." Reprinted from Columbia Law Review 38 (4) (April 1): 591-622; (5) (May 1) (1938): 725-774. [Parts I and II bound together.]

"Balance between Legislative and Executive Power: A Study in Comparative Constitutional Law." Reprinted... from The University of Chicago Law Review 5 (4): (1938): 566-608.

"Revolution Comes to Andorra." Events 4 (19) (1938): 43-47.

"Contrôle législatif de l'Extrémisme politique dans les Démocraties européennes." Revue du Droit Publique et de la Science Politique 55 (4): (1938): 702-757.

"Contrôle législatif de l'Extrémisme politique dans les Démocraties européennes." [Reprint.] Paris: Librairie Géneral de Droit et Jurisprudence, 1939.

"Carol's Fascism to End Fascism." Events 5 (25) (1939): 43-46.
1922-1939

Box 36
Karl Loewenstein Publications:

America's Eleventh Hour. Co-authored with Lawrence Packard. [Easthampton], 1940. [2 copies]

"The Influence of Symbols on Politics." From Introduction to Politics. Roy V. Peel and Joseph S. Roucek, eds. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co, 1941.

"South American Impressions of a Political Scientist." Reprinted from the Amherst Graduates' Quarterly. February, 1942.

Review of Print, Radio and Film in a Democracy (1942), edited by Douglas Waples. Columbia Law Review 42 (6) (1942): 1072-1075.

Review of O Problema das Tarifas nos Serviços Públicos Concedidos (1941), by J. H. Meirelles Teixeira. Harvard Law Review 56 (1) (September) (1942): 162-167.

"Legislation against Subversive Activities in Argentina." Harvard Law Review 56 (8) (July 1) (1943): 1261-1306.

"Legislation for the Defense of the State in Chile." Columbia Law Review 44 (3) (1944): 366-407.

"Freedom Is Unsafe without Self-Government." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 243 (1946): 47-49.

"Reconstruction Politique en Allemagne zonale et interzonale." Revue du Droit Public et de la Science Politique, Bd. 64 (1947): 26-44.

"Comment on 'Denazification.'" Social Research 14 (3) (1947): 365-369.

"American Scholars and German Universities." Institute of International Education News Bulletin 22 (7) (1947): 5-8.

"Reconstruction of the Administration of Justice in American-Occupied Germany." Harvard Law Review 61 (3) (February 1) (1948): 419-467.

"Law and the Legislative Process in Occupied Germany: I." The Yale Law Journal 57 (5) (1948): 724-760.

"Law and the Legislative Process in Occupied Germany: II." The Yale Law Journal 57 (6) (1948): 994-1022.

"Presidency Outside the United States: A Study in Comparative Political Institutions." The Journal of Politics 11 (3) (1949): 447-496.

"La 'Presidencia' Fuera de los Estados Unidos (Estudio Comparativo de Instituciones Políticas." Boletín del Instituto de Derecho Comparado de México 2 (5) (1949).

"Étude de Droit Comparé sur la Présidence de la République." Revue du Droit Public et de la Science politique en France et à l'Etranger. 1949
1940-1949

Box 37
Karl Loewenstein Publications:

"Der Staatspräsident: Eine rechtsvergleichende Studie." Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts 75 (2) (1949): 130-192.

"Political Science Education in the United States" and "Reports on Contributions of Foreign Countries to Political Science Education in Germany." In Political Science in German Universities (Abstract of conference held at Waldleiningen, September 10-11, 1949): 7-10, 55-56.

"Political Science und politische Erziehung in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika" and "Gastprofessuren an deutschen Universitäten und Hochschulen." In Die politischen Wissenschaften an den deutschen Universitäten und Hochschulen. Gesamtprotokoll der Konferenz von Waldleiningen vom 10. und 11. September 1949 (1949): 21-31, 117-120.

Vom Wesen der amerikanischen Verfassung. Frankfurt am Main: Wolfgang Metzner Verlag, 1950.

"Über den Stand der politischen Wissenschaften in dei Vereinigten Staaten." Zeitschrift füf die gesamte Staatswissenschaft 106 (2) (1950): 349-361.

"Chronique constitutionelle étrangère: L'Allemagne Soviétique." Reprinted from Revue du Droit Public et de la Science politique en France et à l'Etranger 1951.

"Union of Western Europe: Illusion and Reality. I. An Appraisal of the Methods." Columbia Law Review 52 (1) (1952): 55-99. [Parts I and II reprinted and bound together].

"Union of Western Europe: Illusion and Reality. II. An Appraisal of the Motives." Columbia Law Review 52 (2) (1952): 209-240. [1 copy of the whole CLR 52 (2)]

"Réflexions sur laValeur des Constitutions dans une Epoque Révolutionnaire, Esquisse d'une ontologie des Constitutions. [I]" Revue Française de Science Politique 2 (1) (1952): 5-23.

"Réflexions sur laValeur des Constitutions dans une Epoque Révolutionnaire, Esquisse d'une ontologie des Constitutions. [II]" Revue Française de Science Politique 2 (2) (1952): 312-334.

"Soviet Germany. I. Communization." Current History 22 (129) (1952): 278-284.

"Soviet Germany. II. Constitution and Government." Current History 22 (130) (1952): 334-339.

"Verfassungsrecht und Verfassungsrealität: Beiträge zur Ontologie der Verfassungen." Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts 77 (4) (1952): 387-435.

"Political Systems, Ideologies, and Institutions: The Problem of Their Circulation." The Western Political Quarterly 6 (4) (1953): 689-706.

"Les Systèmes, les Idéologies, les Institutions Politiques et le Problème de leur Diffusion." Revue Française de Science Politique 3 (4) (1953): 677-698.

Review of Recht, Staat, Wirtschaft (1951), edited by Hermann Wandersleb. The American Journal of Comparative Law 2 (2) (1953): 270-273.

Review of Hitler: A Study in Tyranny (1953), by Alan Bullock. The Yale Review (Summer 1953) (1953): 631-633.

"Konflikte zwischen Regierung und Justiz." Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts 78 (3/4) (1953): 260-282.
1950-1953

Box 38: folder 16
Karl Loewenstein Publications:

"Sistemi Politici, Ideologie e Istituzioni." Studi Politici 3 (2-3) (1954): 183-206.

"Bonn Constitution and the European Defense Community Treaties: A Study in Judicial Frustration." The Yale Law Journal 64 (6) (1955): 805-839.

"German Republic at Bonn." Current History 28 (164) (1955): 236-242.

"La constitutionnalité des traités instituant la Communauté Européenne de Défense aux terms de la Constitution de Bonn: Étude d'un cas de frustration judiciaire." Revue du Droit Public et de la Science Politique en France et à l'Etranger (July-September) (1955): 632-669.

"Über das Verhältnis von politischen Ideologien." Zeitschrift für Politik (October) (1955): 191-210.

"Souveränität und zwischenstaatliche Zusammenarbeit." Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts 80 (1/2) (1955): 1-49.

"The Altmeister in Comparative Constitutional Law and History." In Hommage à Boris Mirikine-Guetzévitch (1955): 94-96.

"Justice." From Governing Postwar Germany. Ithaca, NY.: Cornell University, 1955: 236-262.

"L'Influence des Idéologies sure les Changements Politiques." Bulletin International des Sciences Sociales 5 (1) (1955): 53-58.

"Staatspolitik und Verfassungsrecht in den Vereinigten Staaten, 1933 bis 1954." Sonderdruck aus Das öffentliche Recht der Gegenwart / Jahrbuch des Öffentlichen Rechts, N.F. (1955): 4.
1954-1955

Box 39
Karl Loewenstein Publications:

"Über die Verbreitung der politischen Ideologien." Zeitschrift für Politik 3 (3) (1956): 193-206.

"Somario de los Metodos de Designacion del Personal Judicial." Revista de Estudios Politicos 96 (1957): 51-58.

"Zum Machtverfall der Weimarer Republik." Reprinted from Zeitschrift für Politik 4 (2): 199-200 (1957).

"Constitution of the Fifth Republic a Preliminary Report." Reprinted from The Journal of Politics 21 (2) (1959): 211-233.

Review of "Verfassungsrecht und Politische Forschung" in Jahrbuch des Öffentlichen Rechts (1957 and 1958), by Gerhard Leibholz. Zeitschrift für Politik 6 (3) (1959): 273-277.

"Legal Institutionalization of Political Parties." Rapports généraux au Ve Congrès international de droit compare (1960): 743-782.

"Alemania desde 1945 a 1960." Revista de Estudios Politicos 110 (1960): 115-141.

"Unity for Germany?" Current History 38 (221) (1960): 37-45.

"Die konstitutionelle Monokratie des Augustus: Ein Beitrag zur Morphologie der Regierungstypen." Zeitschrift für Politik 8 (3) (1961): 197-217.

"Max Weber als 'Ahnherr' des 'plebisztären Führerstaats.'" Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 13 (2) (1961): 275-289.

"Unification of Europe: A Balance Sheet." Current History 40 (233) (1961): 1-10.

"Die Krise des amerikaniscen Rundfunk- und Fernsehwesens." Archiv des öffentlichen Rechts N.F. 86 (1961): 404-459.

"Baker V. Carr: Policy Decision und der Supreme Court." In Faktoren der politischen Entscheidung : Festgabe für Ernst Fraenkel zum 65. Geburtstag Berlin, (1963).
1956-1963

Box 40
Karl Loewenstein Publications:

"La Función Política del Tribunal Supremo de los Estados Unidos (Comentario en torno al caso 'Baker v. Carr')." Revistas de Estudios Políticos 133 (1964): 5-39.

"Staatspolitik und Verfassungsrecht in den Vereinigten Staaten 1955-1964." Jahrbuch des öffentlichen Rechts der Gegenwart 13 (1964): 1-116.

"Max Webers Beitrag zur Staatslehre in der Sicht unserer Zeit." Max Weber: Gedächtnisschrift der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München zur 100. Wiederkehr seines Geburtstages 1964 (1966): 132-146.

"L'Investiture du Premier Ministre en Angleterre." Revue du Droit Public et de la Science Politique en France et à l'Étranger 82 (6) (1966): 1063-1115.

"En Torno a la Situación de Berlin." Revista de Estudios Políticos 147-148 (1966): 161-171.

"Sistemi Politici, Ideologie e Istituzione." Letture sull'Ideologia Politica (1966): 1-203.

" Die Investitur des Britischen Prime Ministers." In Die moderne Demokratie und ihr Recht: Festschrift für Gerhard Leibholz zum 65. Geburtstag (1966): 827-849.

"Questionnaire on the Essentials of Gevernmental Organization of Presentday Constitutional Democracy." Jahrbuch des öffentliche Rechts der Gegenwart N.F. 15 (1966): 566-587.

"La Opinión Pública y la Reforma de la Cámara de los Comunes en Inglaterra." Separata de la Revista Española de la Opinión Pública 10 (1967): 3-70.

"La Investidura del Primer Ministro Britanico." Separata del núm. 151 de la Revista de Estudios Políticos (1967): 39-63.

Review of European Government and History (1966), edited by Robert A. Dahl. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 370 (1967): 211-212.

Foreword to The Power of Parliament, by Ronald Butt. In The Power of Parliament (1968): xi-xxxiv.

Review of Anglo-American Criminal Justice (1967), by Delmar Karlen, in collaboration with Geoffrey Sawyer and Edward M. Wise. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 378 (1968): 175-176.

"Roma y la Teoria General del Estado." Separata del núm. 174 de la Revista de Estudios Publicos (1970): 5-36.

Letter to the editors, Zeitschrift für Politik 18 (1) (March 1971) (1971): 96-97.

"Propuestas para Regular la Investigación de la Opinión Pública." Separata de la Revista Española de la Opinión Pública, núm. 30 (1972): 3-13.

"Ketzerische Betrachtungen uber die Amerikanische Verfassung." Sonderdruck aus Der Staat als Aufgabe : Gedenkschrift für Max Imboden. Basel: Helbing und Lichtenhahn (1972): 233-254.

"Réflexions sur le vieillissement de la Constitution fédérale américaine." Extrait de la Revue du Droit Public et de la Science Social en France et a l'Etranger LXXXVIII (5) (1972): 1005-1018.

"Algunas Aportaciones a la VIII Reunión de Profesores de Derecho Procesal." Sobretiro de Boletín Mexicano de Derecho Comparado, N.S., VI (16-17) (1973): 3-33.

"Reflexiones sobre la Caduquez de la Constitución Federal Norteamericana." Sobretiro de Boletín Mexicano de Derecho Comparado, N.S., VI (16-17) (1973): 145-156.

"Las Libertades Civiles en los Países Anglosajones." Sobretiro de Veinte años de evolución de los derechos humanos (1974): 539-564.
1964-1974

Box 41
Karl Loewenstein Publications (large format) (7 folders):

"Die Parlamentarische Verlängerung der Amtsdauer des Reichspräsidenten." Bayerische Verwaltungsblätter 80 (4) (February) (1932): 57-62.

"El Problema del Contralor Legislativo del Extremismo Político y la Legislación Uruguaya." Revista de Derecho, Jurisprudencia y Administración, Año XXXIX, Núm. 8 (1941): 225-230.

"National Socialist Law and Administration of Justice." Reprinted from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol. XVI (1944).

"The Trojan Horse." The Nation, 159 (9) (1944): 235-237.

"El Plan de Dumbarton Oaks y los Catorce Puntos del Uruguay." Revista de Derecho, Jurisprudencia y Administración, Año XLIII, Núm. 5 (1945): 129-133.

"Über die parlamentarische Parteidisziplin im Ausland." Deutsche Rechts-Zeitschrift, 5 (11) (1950): 241-245.

"Der Kommunismus und die amerikanische Verfassung." Sonderabdruck aus der Juristenzeitung, 1/2 (1952): 2-10.

"Methods of Research and Teaching." Discussion paper for the International Political Science Association's Round Table Conference on Teaching and Research in Comparative Government, April 5-10 (1954).

"Monarchie unter der Glocke." Der Politologe (December) (1965): 1-4.

"Sovereignty and International Co-operation." Reprint from The American Journal of International Law 48 (2) (April 1) (1954): 222-244.

"Verfassung, Verfassungsrecht." Sowjetsystem und Demokratiche Gesellschaft: Eine vergleichende Enzyklopädie (1966): 614-654.

"Constitutions, Constitutional Law." Reprinted from Marxism, Communism, and Western Society: A Comparative Encyclopedia (1972): 169-190.
1932-1972

Box 42: folder 1-7
Subseries C: Policy Advising and Research



Scope and content:

Loewenstein spent much of the period from 1942 through 1946, and a considerable portion of the period 1947-1954, as a consultant and advisor to governmental and intergovernmental bodies. In 1961-1962, he was asked by members of the Japanese Constitutional Reform Commission to offer his insights and opinions as they considered fundamental reforms of Japan's 1946 constitution. The reports, memoranda, correspondence, and other material accumulated by Loewenstein in the course of these activities are gathered here. Material that is related in substance to his work as an advisor, or that document activities that he carried out simultaneously with his advising work, are also gathered here.

Arrangement:

The subseries arrangement reflects the organizational roles Loewenstein assumed during this period, in approximate chronological order.

See the descriptions within each sub-series for additional information on the organization of materials within these sections.

War Department



Correspondence and Memorandum for the Military Intelligence Division: "On Methods for Lowering the Morale of the German People and for Decreasing the Fear of an Allied Victory Among Them"
1942

Box 43: folder 1
U.S. Department of Justice



CONTENT NOTES ON THE FOLLOWING SUB-SUBSERIES: U.S. DEPT OF JUSTICE, EMERGENCY ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR POLITICAL DEFENSE, GUGGENHEIM RESEARCH TRIP, SCHOOL FOR OVERSEAS ADMINISTRATION, AMERICANLAW INSTITUTE, AND U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE (UNRRA):

Loewenstein appears to have first come to the attention of State Department and Department of Justice policy-makers through his writings and public lectures. In particular, his "Legislative control of political extremism in European democracies" (Columbia Law Review, 1938) and his talk on the same subject for the American Bar Association in September, 1940, attracted the attention of officials concerned about the spread of fascist movements and ideas (Box 32, folders 16-25). He began work as a consultant for the Justice Department in June 1942. At the newly-created War Division of the Department of Justice, where he was one of a number of Special Assistants to the Attorney General, Loewenstein oversaw research on Latin America and provided policy recommendations for the Special War Policies Unit and the Alien Enemy Control Unit. Loewenstein's multilingualism and familiarity with Latin American politics (he had traveled to South America as a Guggenheim Fellow from February to August, 1941) were put to use as he helped produce a series of reports on fascist political organization and activity in Latin America. These were submitted to the Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense of the American Republics. Formed in 1942 of representatives from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Uruguay, Venezuela, and the U.S., the purpose of the committee was to coordinate anti-fascist measures in the Americas. (The organization was also known as the Inter-American Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense; internal documents refer to the committee simply as the CPD). Loewenstein was also asked to provide expert testimony in support of the Justice Department's attempt to strip several Puerto Rican naturalized citizens of their U.S. citizenship for their alleged ties to fascist organizations. Although Justice officials decided to eliminate Loewenstein's testimony before the trial date, the correspondence, case documents, and memoranda on "denaturalization" that he retained provide a glimpse into some of the Justice Department's wartime activities and concerns (Box 43, Folders 13, 19, 20, 21).

Also for the CPD, Loewenstein produced memoranda analyzing fascist influence on Latin American educational institutions and on the dissemination of anti-Semitic propaganda in the region. Consistent with his interest in international law, Loewenstein also took a strong interest in the proposal of Dr. Luis Alberto Bouza of Uruguay to create a uniform penal code for the states of the Pan-American Union (Box 43, Folder 70).

Because Loewenstein resided in Washington, D.C., only part-time during his work for the Department of Justice, his relationships with his superiors and colleagues there are documented in a rich exchange of correspondence. A portion of the correspondence is organized by month (September 1942-July 1944), and the remainder filed by topic (U.S. Department of Justice- Criminal Division-Correspondence) or alphabetically by correspondent. His letters to Laurence A. Knapp (Chief of the Latin American Section and later with the State Department) and Carl B. Spaeth (Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense) document Loewenstein's advising role well. A small number of letters and memoranda belonging to Miguel A. Capriles, of the Special War Policies Unit of the Department of Justice, are also present in the collection.

Much of Loewenstein's work at the Department of Justice flowed both chronologically and intellectually out of his Guggenheim-sponsored research trip to Latin America in 1941 and he filed materials from both activities together. This subseries therefore includes the research files and correspondence generated in the course of his Guggenheim Fellowship.

In 1943, while working for the Department of Justice, Loewenstein was asked by the State Department to act as temporary legal advisor to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). He also spent a portion of 1943 teaching at the Harvard School for Overseas Administration in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Concurrent with these obligations, Loewenstein served on a committee organized by the American Law Institute for the purpose of drafting a "Statement on Essential Human Rights." In the course of this work, Loewenstein carried on extensive correspondence with the committee chair, William Draper Lewis. Loewenstein later noted with pride in his memoir that some of his work on the document was incorporated into the United Nations 1948 Declaration of Universal Human Rights ("Des Lebens Überfluss," 232). In 1956, Lowenstein donated an "almost complete set" of the committee's papers to the Archives of the United Nations. Substantial documentation of his committee work for the American Law Institute and for the American Political Science Association remain in the collection. Copies of the United Nations Bulletin (1947-1952) collected and annotated by Loewenstein are also filed in this subseries. The full run of this publication is held at the Five College Depository.

In September, 1944, Loewenstein was recruited by Carl Spaeth of the Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense to assist at its headquarters in Montevideo, Uruguay, in compiling and editing a two-volume edition of the committee's research. ("Des Lebens Überfluss, 236). Very little material survives from this period.

U.S. Dept. of Justice - Office Diary
1942 Jul-1943 Oct

Box 43: folder 2
U.S. Dept. of Justice - War Division - Alien Enemy Control Unit - Correspondence
1943

Box 43: folder 3
U.S. Dept. of Justice - [Alien Enemy Control Unit?] - Diagram - Jurisdiction over international travel
n.d.

Box 43: folder 4
U.S. Dept. of Justice-Draft memorandum on the research project for the CPD [Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense]
1942 Sep

Box 43: folder 5
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Memorandum: "Suggestions for better verification of the status of a Bona Fide Refugee"
1942

Box 43: folder 6
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Memorandum: Federal-State Relations
1943

Box 43: folder 7
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Index to Federal Statutes relating to Espionage...
1943

Box 43: folder 8
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Spanish Falange Party, Reports, party program, notes
1942-1943

Box 43: folder 9
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Falange Activity in Latin America
1942-1943

Box 43: folder 10
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Memoranda on the Spanish Falange Party
1943

Box 43: folder 11
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Memorandum on Falangists, by William Massar
1943

Box 43: folder 12
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Puerto Rican Denaturalization Trial - Memo exchange with Irvin Goldstein
1943

Box 43: folder 13
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Legal Decisions and Related Documents - New Jersey vs. Klaprott - U.S.A. vs. N.V. Amsterdamsche Chinafabrik
1941, [1943?]

Box 43: folder 14
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Special War Policies Unit - Departmental Circulars
1943

Box 43: folder 15
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Employment and Travel - Forms and Records
1942-1945, n.d.

Box 43: folder 16
Secretarial Memos, draft fragments, and notes
1943, n.d.

Box 43: folder 17
Printed reports, notes, clippings, classification scheme
1943, n.d.

Box 43: folder 18
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Criminal Division - Statement on Knowledge of the Spanish Falange Party (Loewenstein)
1943

Box 43: folder 19
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Criminal Division - Puerto Rican Denaturalization Trial - Complaint
1944

Box 43: folder 20
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Criminal Division - Correspondence
1943-1944

Box 43: folder 21
U.S. Department of Justice - Correspondence - Alphabetical



U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence - Knapp, Laurence A.
1942 Oct-1943 Jan

Box 43: folder 22
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence - Knapp, Laurence A.
1943 Mar-Jul

Box 43: folder 23
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence - Knapp, Laurence A.
1943 Aug-Dec

Box 43: folder 24
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence - Knapp, Laurence A.
1944 Jan-Aug

Box 43: folder 25
U.S. Dept. of Justice-Correspondence-Smith, Lawrence L.C.
1942

Box 43: folder 26
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence - Spaeth, Carl B.
1942 Aug-1943 Sep

Box 43: folder 27
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence and Memos - M.A. de Capriles
1943

Box 43: folder 28
U.S. Department of Justice - Correspondence - By Date



U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1942 Jan-Jul, n.d.

Box 43: folder 29
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1942 Sep

Box 43: folder 30
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1942 Oct

Box 43: folder 31
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Jan

Box 43: folder 32
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Mar

Box 43: folder 33
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Apr

Box 43: folder 34
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 May

Box 43: folder 35
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Jun

Box 43: folder 36
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Jul

Box 43: folder 37
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Aug

Box 43: folder 38
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Sep

Box 43: folder 39
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Oct

Box 43: folder 40
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Nov

Box 43: folder 41
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1943 Dec

Box 43: folder 42
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1944 Jan

Box 43: folder 43
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1944 Feb

Box 43: folder 44
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1944 Mar

Box 43: folder 45
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1944 Apr

Box 43: folder 46
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1944 May

Box 43: folder 47
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1944 Jun

Box 43: folder 48
U.S. Dept. of Justice - Correspondence
1944 Jul

Box 43: folder 49
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense



Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memoranda: Administrative and secretarial matters
1943

Box 43: folder 50
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum - Weekly Report
1943

Box 43: folder 51
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memoranda for Laurence A. Knapp
1943 Apr-Jun

Box 43: folder 52
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum from Ruth B. Shipley to Laurence Knapp
1943 May

Box 43: folder 53
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum for Mr. L.M.C. Smith
1943 Mar

Box 43: folder 54
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum for Asher William Schwartz, Fascist Section
1943 May

Box 43: folder 55
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Classification of Topics - Subversive Activities in Latin America
n.d.

Box 43: folder 56
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - List of tentative projects for after the war
1943 May

Box 43: folder 57
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - "Latin American legislation...problem of abuse of citizenship"
n.d.

Box 43: folder 58
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - "Revocation of Naturalization of Disloyal Naturalized Citizens" - draft
1943 Apr

Box 43: folder 59
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Resolution XX: Detention and Expulsion of dangerous Axis Aliens
1943 May-Jun

Box 43: folder 60
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - State Department circular re: bonafide refugees ([Cordell] Hull)
1943 Feb 1

Box 43: folder 61
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum: The Problem of Bonafide Refugees/ Memorandum: Bonafide Refugees
1943 Jan Apr

Box 43: folder 62
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memoranda on...Free Movements and the Foreign Agents' Registration Act of 1938
1942 Nov-1943 Jul

Box 43: folder 63
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum: Comments on...the Resolution on race propaganda
1943Mar-May

Box 43: folder 64
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum on "De-contamination of German Law after the fall of the Nazi Regime"
1943 Apr 30

Box 43: folder 65
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum: "The Elimination of Axis influence on education in Latin America"
1943 Mar

Box 43: folder 66
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Comparison of Latin American and U.S. Legislation for control of subversive activities
1943 Jul 14

Box 43: folder 67
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - "Legal Techniques against Subversive Activities under common law and under civil law," draft and final
1943 Jul-Aug

Box 43: folder 68
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memoranda, Report: The CPD consultative visit
1943 Apr-Jul

Box 43: folder 69
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - The Bouza Proposal - Text, Memoranda, Research
1943 Apr-Sep, n.d.

Box 43: folder 70
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Port Security Resolutions and Related Material
1939-1943

Box 43: folder 71
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Memorandum re: Complaints about Jewish refugees in Ecuador and Chile
[1943 May]

Box 43: folder 72
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense -- Memoranda coversheets: Japanese activities; Chile (fragmentary)
1943 May

Box 43: folder 73
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - U.S. Dept. of State - Press Releases
1943 Dec-1944 Jan

Box 43: folder 74
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Inter-American Defense Board - Press Release: Remarks of the Honorable Alberto Guani
1943 Jan 25

Box 43: folder 75
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Inter American Bar Association - Report
1942 Nov 9

Box 43: folder 76
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Reports and Bulletins - Sao Paolo
1943 Nov-1944 Apr

Box 43: folder 77
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Reports



Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Uruguay (with marginalia - not Loewenstein's)
1942 Jul

Box 43: folder 78
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Paraguay
1942 Jul

Box 43: folder 79
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Colombia
1942 Sep

Box 43: folder 80
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Ecuador
1942 Nov

Box 43: folder 81
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Bolivia
1943 Feb

Box 43: folder 82
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Peru (by H.A. Spaulding)
1943 May

Box 43: folder 83
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Mexico
1943 Jun

Box 43: folder 84
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Cuba
1943 Aug

Box 43: folder 85
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Country Report: Peru, Chile (Supplements)
1943 Nov

Box 43: folder 86
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Research



Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Research - Chile - Reports and Dispatches
1942-1943

Box 43: folder 87
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Research - Chile - Correspondence: Ambassador Bowers to the Secretary of State
1942 Dec 4

Box 43: folder 88
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense -- Research - Chile - Notes, drafts (manuscript and typescript)
1943, n.d.

Box 43: folder 89
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Research - Uruguay - Survey of Legislation for the Control of Subversive Activities
1942 Jun-Jul

Box 43: folder 90
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Research - Uruguay - Memorandum on the new Uruguayan law on "crimes against the security of the state"
Nov 1942

Box 43: folder 91
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Research - Uruguay - Correspondence - Norman Williams (Yale Law Journal)
Jan 1943

Box 43: folder 92
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Comision Investigadora de activades antinatiocionales, Disposiciones legales y reglamentarias vigentes
1942

Box OS4: folder 1
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense -Research - Uruguay - Diario Oficial
1935, 1939, 1942

Box OS1: folder 9
Department of Justice and Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Printed Material



Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Instituto Argentino de Filosofia Juridica y Social - Directories
1942-1943

Box 44: folder 1
Report of Attorney General to the Congress...on the Administration of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938
1945 Jun

Box 44: folder 2
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Interamerican Conference on Police and Judicial Measures - Disposiciones legales y Administrativas - Argentina
1942 Sep 6

Box 44: folder 3
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Interamerican Juridicial Committee - Pan-American Union - Preliminary Recommendation on Post-War Problems
1942 Nov

Box 44: folder 4
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Interamerican Conference on Police and Judicial Measures - Manual (in Spanish)
1942 May

Box 44: folder 5
Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense - Interamericana - Bibliography...Latin America
1943 Jan

Box 44: folder 6
Guggenheim Research Trip



Guggenheim Research Trip - South America - Notes, drafts, research material (typescript and manuscript)
1941, n.d.

Box 44: folder 7
Guggenheim Research Trip - South America -Clippings
1941 Sep-Dec

Box 44: folder 8
Look Magazine
1941 Aug 26

Box OS4: folder 5
Guggenheim Research Trip - Chile - Notes (manuscript, typescript), contacts
1941, n.d.

Box 44: folder 9
Guggenheim Research Trip - Chile - Drafts (manuscript), notes, decrees, printed material
1940, [1941], n.d.

Box 44: folder 10
Guggenheim Research Trip - Chile, Clippings
1941

Box 44: folder 11
Guggenheim Research Trip - Chile, Printed material
1940-1941

Box 44: folder 12
Guggenheim Research Trip - Chile - newspapers and clippings (El Mercurio, Defensa)
1941

Box OS1: folder 5
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings - Chile (Deutsche Zeitung für Chile; El Mercurio, Washington Post)
1941-1943

Box OS2: folder 16
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings - Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia (La Prensa, El Universo, Neue Zürcher Zeitung...)
1941

Box OS3: folder 15
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Chile, Ecuador, and Brazil from Noticias de la Semana, Defensa, El Imparcial, Asies, Diario d'Italia, Defensa, El Diario Ilustrado, Las Noticias de Puerto Varras, and El Correo de Valdivia.
1941

Box OS8: folder 3-4
Guggenheim Research Trip - Uruguay - Drafts, interview notes, research notes (manuscript and typescript)
1941, n.d.

Box 44: folder 13
Guggenheim Research Trip - Uruguay - Correspondence and letters of introduction, contacts (business cards)
1941

Box 44: folder 14
Guggenheim Research Trip - Uruguay - Clippings and research material
1941

Box 44: folder 15
Guggenheim Research Trip - Uruguay - Newspapers: Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 4 Apr 1942; El Plata (fragment) 12 May 1941
1941-1942

Box OS2: folder 18
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Peru
1937-1941

Box 44: folder 16
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Argentina
1941

Box 44: folder 17
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Bolivia
1941

Box 44: folder 18
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Brazil
1941

Box 44: folder 19
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Brazil from The News, Folha da Noite, Bello Horizonte, and O Globo. Single issue of Argentina Libre and Correio do Manha.
1941

Box OS8: folder 1-2
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Argentina and Peru (Neuvo Dia, La Prensa, El Comercio, Argentina Libre, Neue Volkszeitung,...)
1941

Box OS3: folder 8-10
Guggenheim Research Trip - Clippings on Brazil, Argentina, and Peru
1937-1941

Box OS4: folder 2-4
Guggenheim Research Trip - Correspondence
1940 Oct-Dec

Box 44: folder 20
Guggenheim Research Trip - Correspondence
1941 Jan

Box 44: folder 21
Guggenheim Research Trip - Correspondence
1941 Feb- May

Box 44: folder 22
Guggenheim Research Trip - Correspondence
1941 Jun-Dec

Box 44: folder 23
Guggenheim Research Trip - Correspondence re: publication
1942 Feb-Apr

Box 44: folder 24
Guggenheim Research Trip - Correspondence
1942 Jan-1944-Apr

Box 44: folder 25
Guggenheim Research Trip - Contacts
n.d.

Box 44: folder 26
Guggenheim Research Trip - Brochures, receipts, calendars
1940-1942, n.d.

Box 44: folder 27
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard



School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - General materials - Staff and student lists
1943

Box 44: folder 28
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - Staff memoranda and meeting minutes
1943

Box 44: folder 29
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - Course materials, course descriptions
1943

Box 44: folder 30
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - Lecture notes, Worcester Public Forum - Lecture
1943, n.d.

Box 44: folder 31
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - Civil Affairs Training Program - Military Government
[1943]

Box 44: folder 32
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - Correspondence
1943

Box 44: folder 33
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - Schedules
1943

Box 44: folder 34
School for Overseas Administration - Harvard - Notes
1943

Box 44: folder 35
American Law Institute/American Political Science Association



American Law Institute - Essential Human Rights - Correspondence
1942 Sep-1943 May

Box 45: folder 1
American Law Institute - Essential Human Rights - Correspondence
1943 Jun-1944 May

Box 45: folder 2
American Law Institute- Essential Human Rights, Correspondence
1945, n.d.

Box 45: folder 3
American Law Institute - Essential Human Rights - Memoranda, notes, meeting minutes
1942-1948, n.d.

Box 45: folder 4
American Law Institute - Essential Human Rights - Draft Reports
1942-1944

Box 45: folder 5
American Law Institute - Essential Human Rights - Reports
1942-1944

Box 45: folder 6
Correspondence-United Nations Library and Archives
1956 Oct-Nov

Box 45: folder 7
Essential Human Rights, Clippings, Printed Material
1945, 1949

Box 45: folder 8
APSA - Panel on Comparative Government - Memoranda and notes
1942-1943

Box 45: folder 9
APSA - Panel on Comparative Government - Meetings (Reports, minutes and notes)
1943-1944, n.d.

Box 45: folder 10
APSA - Panel on Comparative Government - Membership/Contact Lists, essays
n.d.

Box 45: folder 11
APSA - Panel on Comparative Government - Correspondence
1943-1944

Box 45: folder 12
APSA - Committee on Research - Meeting minutes, memoranda, notes, reports
1942-1943, n.d.

Box 45: folder 13
APSA - Committee on Research - Reports, memos, notes and offprints
1943-1944, n.d.

Box 45: folder 14
APSA - Committee on Research - Correspondence
1942

Box 45: folder 15
APSA - Committee on Research - Correspondence
1943-1944

Box 45: folder 16
Social Science Research Council - Memorandum
1943

Box 45: folder 17
United Nations Bulletins (Selected Issues)
1947 Jan-1948 Apr

Box 45: folder 18
United Nations Bulletins (Selected Issues)
1948 May-Dec

Box 45: folder 19
United Nations Bulletins (Selected Issues)
1949 Jan-1951 Feb

Box 45: folder 20
United Nations Bulletins (Selected Issues)
1951 Mar-1952 May

Box 45: folder 21
U.S. Department of State - United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)



U.S. Dept. of State - UNRRA, Memoranda, Draft Resolutions, Reports
1943, n.d.

Box 45: folder 22
U.S. Dept. of State - UNRRA, Signatories to UNRRA
[1943 Oct]

Box 45: folder 23
U.S. Dept. of State - UNRRA, Press releases
1943 Sep

Box 45: folder 24
U.S. Dept. of State - UNRRA, Notes and drafts (manuscript)
1943 Nov, n.d.

Box 45: folder 25
U.S. Dept. of State - UNRRA, Correspondence
1943 Oct-1944 Jul, n.d.

Box 45: folder 26
U.S. Dept. of State - UNRRA, Personnel documents
1943-1944

Box 45: folder 27
OMGUS-General



In early summer 1945, Loewenstein was asked by the Justice Department to serve in the Legal Division of the Office of Military Government for Germany-U.S. (abbreviated as OMGUS in the original records and in this finding aid). He arrived in Berlin in July 1945 and remained until September, 1946. Loewenstein's work for OMGUS is especially well documented. As a self-described "troubleshooter" in the Legal Division ("Des Lebens Überfluss," 253), and as a liaison to the German legal and judicial community, Loewenstein produced dozens of reports and memoranda during his year in Germany, many in both English and German. Nominally, these memoranda cover a broad range of topics, from reform of the Civil Service Law, to the regulation of parties and elections, to reform of the German marriage law. The primary focus of all his work, however, and of that of the Legal Division more generally, was the denazification of German law and the reconstruction of the administration of justice in the three states (Länder) in the U.S. Zone: Bavaria, Greater Hesse, and Württemberg-Baden. One of Loewenstein's first contributions to this effort was to travel throughout the U.S. Zone to interview justices and lawyers considered candidates for positions in the reconstructed judicial system. His typed notes from several of these interviews provide summaries of these individuals' activities and affiliations during the years of Nazi rule. In most cases, Loewenstein has included his own frank assessment of each candidate (Box 46, folders 8-11).

Much of Loewenstein's formal communications with OMGUS officials took place via reports and memoranda for which he maintained a partial index (Record of Written Work, Box 46, folders 15, 19, and 21). The bulk of his memos were directed to Judge J. Warren Madden, Charles Fahy, or Alvin Rockwell, each of whom led the Legal Division during Loewenstein's tenure. These documents contain detailed legal analyses of the division's initiatives along with Loewenstein's blunt assessments of the potential and real effectiveness of a wide variety of the Military Government's undertakings. Researchers interested in the formulation and implementation of denazification policies should consult the rich material in these folders (Reports and Memoranda, Box 46, folders 16-29) as well as the "Denazification" material (Box 46, folders 51-59, and Box 47, folders 1-4). Loewenstein was also involved in the reform of legal education, particularly at the law school of University of Munich.

Loewenstein's OMGUS correspondence files (Box 47, folders 5-38) include letters from German citizens seeking assistance with the difficulties they faced in the immediate post-war period. These form a small but rich source of information on life in Germany-and on U.S. occupation policies-immediately after the war. These letters also contain information about relationships among the staff of the Legal Division. Because the letters Loewenstein received in the autumn of 1946, after he left Germany, are especially rich in news and gossip about OMGUS, they are filed here. Correspondence beginning January, 1947, regardless of topic, is with the general correspondence files (Subseries D).

Additional OMGUS and HICOG Material:

Loewenstein also kept an "Office Diary" (typescript, primarily in English) throughout his year with OMGUS. Although many entries are mundane, the 200-page diary also contains an incisive running critical commentary on the Office of Military Government, its personnel, and its shortcomings. An equally blunt assessment of the failures of the Legal Division to accomplish its goals is contained in the typescript of an "interview" with Loewenstein in July 1946, shortly before his departure (Reports and Memoranda, Box 46, folder 28). Loewenstein drew heavily on his experiences in 1945-1946 for his Harvard Law Review article, "The Reconstruction of the Administration of Justice in American-Occupied Germany," (1948).

Loewenstein returned to Germany for portions of 1948, 1949, and 1950, where he worked for the Civil Administration Division of OMGUS and for the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. The little material that survives from his activities during this period is located after the OMGUS materials. Related correspondence may be found in the General Correspondence files for these years (Subseries D).

Administration of Military Government - Memoranda, Printed material [Marked SECRET]
1945 Aug-1946 Jun, n.d.

Box 45: folder 28
Central German Agencies - Special Report of the Military Governor - U.S. Zone
1946 May 1

Box 45: folder 29
Länderrat (Council of States), Statutes, Organization, Memoranda, Reports, Minutes
1945 Nov-1946 Jul, n.d.

Box 45: folder 30
"Brass Hats versus Brass Buttons" unpublished letter to the New York Times
n.d.

Box 45: folder 31
Tripartite Conference, Meeting documents, notes (not Karl Loewenstein's; name written in back: Herman Phleger)
Jul-Nov 1945

Box 45: folder 32
Marburg Hochschule Gespräche (public lecture)
1946 Jun

Box 45: folder 33
"Education in Germany" (Speech to Army Veterans Committee)
1946 Mar 19

Box 45: folder 34
Die Neue Zeitung - article by Loewenstein
1946 Aug

Box 45: folder 35
Transcripts of discussion Forums, Bremen
1946 Aug

Box 45: folder 36
"Berlin nach dem 100 Jahr. Reich - 6 Bildpostkarten" - Hans Kronke, Serie I, II (Each packet contains reproductions of six pen-and-ink views of Berlin in partial ruin, with captions).
"Best wishes from Berlin, 1933, 1945-1946" (12 postcards depicting six street scenes and cityscapes in Berlin before and after World War II.) (Reproduction of watercolor illustrations.)
[1946]

Box 45: folder 37
Interdivisional Committee on German Governmental Structure, Reports, Proposals, Meeting Minutes, Notes [Some marked SECRET]
1946 Mar-Jul

Box 45: folder 38
Allied Control Authority - Meeting Minutes (various Directorates)
1945 Sep-1946 Jul

Box 45: folder 39
Control Council Documents
1945

Box 45: folder 40
Gedanken zur deutschen Gegenwart und Zukunft (author unknown)
1945 Feb-Mar

Box 45: folder 41
Memorandum, press release, clippings, Foreign Policy Bulletin, Contacts
1947, n.d.

Box 45: folder 42
Bibliography - liberated territories
n.d.

Box 45: folder 43
Reading notes - National Socialism
n.d.

Box 45: folder 44
Clippings, printed material
1942-1946, n.d.

Box 45: folder 45



OMGUS-Legal Division, Office Diary
1945 Aug-1946 Jul

Box 46: folder 1
Personnel Bulletins; Employment Documents; Notes
1945-1946, n.d.

Box 46: folder 2
Envelope:"Reichsjustizministerium"
n.d.

Box 46: folder 3
OMGUS-Legal Division-To-do lists; Itinerary
1945 Sep-1946 Jul,n.d.

Box 46: folder 4
OMGUS-Legal Division-Responsibilities, Program, and Organization of the Legal Division
1945 Oct-1946 Jul

Box 46: folder 5
OMGUS-Legal Division-Basic Preliminary Plan; Allied Control and Occupation of Germany, Appendix A (German Courts) and Appendix E (Legislation) [Marked SECRET]
1945 Mar 8

Box 46: folder 6
OMGUS-Legal Division-Report of the Committee for the Revision of German Law
n.d.

Box 46: folder 7
OMGUS-Legal Division-Candidates for judicial positions, notes
1945 Aug-Sep, n.d.

Box 46: folder 8
OMGUS-Legal Division-Interviews- judicial candidates
1945 Aug-Nov

Box 46: folder 9
OMGUS-Legal Division - Interviews - judicial candidates
1945 Aug-Sep

Box 46: folder 10
OMGUS-Legal Division - Interviews - judicial candidates
1945 Oct-Nov, n.d.

Box 46: folder 11
OMGUS - Legal Division - Weekly Reports 1946: Jun-Oct; 1947 Jul- 1948 May)
1946-1948

Box 46: folder 12
OMGUS-Legal Division-Library Reports
Sep 1947

Box 46: folder 13
OMGUS-Legal Division-Administration of Justice Reports, Memoranda, Minutes [Some marked SECRET]
1945 Sep-1946 Apr, n.d.

Box 46: folder 14
OMGUS - Legal Division-Record of Written Work
1945 Aug 15-Oct 18

Box 46: folder 15
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1945 Aug 2-28

Box 46: folder 16
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1945 Sep 5-26, n.d.

Box 46: folder 17
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1945Oct 2-18

Box 46: folder 18
OMGUS - Legal Division-Record of Written Work
1945 Nov 7-Dec 29

Box 46: folder 19
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1945 Nov 7-Dec 27

Box 46: folder 20
OMGUS - Legal Division-Record of Written Work
1946 Jan 2-Mar 4

Box 46: folder 21
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1946 Jan, n.d.

Box 46: folder 22
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports, Memoranda, and Related Correspondence
1946 Feb 2-Mar 4

Box 46: folder 23
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1946 Mar 5-25

Box 46: folder 24
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1946 Apr 5-29

Box 46: folder 25
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1946 May 1-31

Box 46: folder 26
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1946 Jun 3-28, n.d.

Box 46: folder 27
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1946 Jul 3-26

Box 46: folder 28
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports and Memoranda
1946 Aug 2-21

Box 46: folder 29
OMGUS - Legal Division-Reports: Bavaria - Political Parties; Bremen - Justice
1945 Aug, Sep

Box 46: folder 30
OMGUS - Legal Division-Law Concerning the Reorganization of the Bar
1946 Oct

Box 46: folder 31
OMGUS - Legal Division-Beamtenrecht (Civil Service Law) - Reform
1945-1946

Box 46: folder 32
OMGUS - Legal Division-Marriage Law, Memoranda, Correspondence, Clippings
1945-1946

Box 46: folder 33
OMGUS - Legal Division-Bavarian Party for Country and King (Bayerische Heimat- und Königspartei), Statutes, List of Sponsors, Memoranda
1946, n.d.

Box 46: folder 34
OMGUS - Legal Division-Elections and Parties-Memoranda, Correspondence, Press releases, press conference transcript, clippings
1943, 1945, 1946, n.d.

Box 46: folder 35
OMGUS - Legal Division-Gesetze über die Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit... (Laws on the jurisdiction of government [in the three Länder in the American zone])
1946 Mar

Box 46: folder 36
OMGUS - Legal Division-Constitutional Question-Essays by Willibalt Apelt and Professor Hersfahrdt
1946, n.d.

Box 46: folder 37
OMGUS - Legal Division-Berlin-Constitution Memoranda
1946 Feb

Box 46: folder 38
OMGUS - Legal Division-Länder Constitutions-Memoranda, Reports, Drafts, Clippings
1945 Nov-1946 Oct,n.d.

Box 46: folder 39
OMGUS - Legal Division-Länder Constitutions, Texts and Memoranda (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Hesse)
1946, n.d.

Box 46: folder 40
OMGUS - Legal Division-Meetings of the Ministers of Justice of the...South German Länder, Agendas and Minutes
1945 Dec-1946 May

Box 46: folder 41
OMGUS - Legal Division-German Municipal Code
n.d.

Box 46: folder 42
OMGUS - Legal Division - Reich Ministry of Justice - Organizational Chart
n.d.

Box 46: folder 43
OMGUS - Legal Division - San Nicolo, [Mariano] Affair, Universität München
1944-1946

Box 46: folder 44
Affidavit of Lilian Neuner-Eisenberg re: Mariano San Nicolo
1946 Oct

Box 46: folder 45
OMGUS - Legal Division - "Observations on the personality and work of Professor Carl Schmitt"; "The Library of Professor Carl Schmitt"
1945 Oct-Nov

Box 46: folder 46
OMGUS - Legal Division - Short report on some legal questions in southern Germany (author unknown)
n.d.

Box 46: folder 47
OMGUS - Legal Division - Draft...Compensation act on National Socialist Injustice
n.d.

Box 46: folder 48
OMGUS - Legal Division - Vorentwurf zu einem Gesetz uber die Ahndung nationalsozialistischer Straftaten [Draft of a law concerning the punishment of National Socialist crimes]
n.d.

Box 46: folder 49
OMGUS - Legal Division - "Draft of Proposed Restitution law for Axis and Axis Occupied Countries," Emilio von Hofmannsthal (Offprint)
1945 Jul

Box 46: folder 50
OMGUS-Legal Division-Denazification



OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification, Gesetz über die politische Befreiung von Faschismus und Militarismus
n.d.

Box 46: folder 51
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification, Law for Liberation from National Socialism and Militarism, Draft and Final
1946 Feb16-Mar 5, n.d.

Box 46: folder 52
OMGUS - Legal Division: Detailed Plan for Denazification
n.d.

Box 46: folder 53
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification, Draft Directive on the Denazification of Public Administration and Private Enterprise
1945 Nov 23

Box 46: folder 54
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification Memoranda, Notes, Directives
1945 Oct-Nov, n.d.

Box 46: folder 55
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification, Copy of memo: "De-contamination of German law after the fall of the Nazi regime"
1943 Apr 30

Box 46: folder 56
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification Documents, Bavaria
1945

Box 46: folder 57
Memorandum on German legal scholars
[1946]

Box 46: folder 58
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification - First Draft of Executive Instructions
n.d.

Box 46: folder 59
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification - Preliminary Report
Dec 1945

Box 47: folder 1
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification - Reports
1945 Dec-1946 May

Box 47: folder 2
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification - Press Releases
1946 Jan-Feb

Box 47: folder 3
OMGUS - Legal Division: Denazification - Printed Material
1946 Jan-1947 Jan

Box 47: folder 4
OMGUS-Correspondence



Arrangement:

Correspondence related to Loewenstein's work for OMGUS is divided between an alphabetically-arranged series of folders (Box 47, folders 5-18) followed by series arranged by month. Particularly substantive correspondence, and correspondence with particularly prominent individuals, has been located with the alphabetical correspondence files in Subseries D. Subseries D contains correspondence with the following individuals, even if it relates to Loewenstein's work for OMGUS:

  • Clay, Lucius D.
  • Dänzer-Vanotti, Hedda
  • Dickman, William
  • Hemken, Ruth
  • Hirschberg, Max
  • Kempner, Robert
  • Kollreuter, Otto
  • Mommsen, Konrad
  • Niebuhr, Reinhold
  • Stauffer, Tom
  • von Berchem, Friedrich, Freiherr
  • Walser, Karl
  • Weber, Marianne

Within the chronologically-arranged OMGUS correspondence files (Box 47, folders 19 - 47), Loewenstein also had multiple or substantive exchanges with the following correspondents: Professor F.E. Hermens, (December 1945-March 1946); Landesgerichtpräsident Dr. Lahusen (Bremen), (regarding conditions in Bremen and the deleterious effects of the denazification program, August, 1945); Dr. R. Wreschner (responses to questionnaire on the background and activities of Dr. George Ziegler, June, 1945); Dr. Herbert Ruscheweyh; Geheimer Justizrat Dr. Karl Eisenberger; Staatsrat Hans Erhard; Walter Bruns; and Max Rheinstein.

OMGUS - Correspondence - Anspach, Ernst
1947

Box 47: folder 5
Correspondence (w/ speeches enclosed) - Bergsträsser (Regierungspräsident)
1945-1946

Box 47: folder 6
OMGUS - Correspondence - Beyerle, Josef
1946

Box 47: folder 7
OMGUS - Correspondence - Dittrich, Rudolf
1947

Box 47: folder 8
OMGUS - Correspondence - Fahy, Charles
1946

Box 47: folder 9
OMGUS - Correspondence - Freeman, Felix J.
1947

Box 47: folder 10
OMGUS - Correspondence - Full, Gottlieb
1945

Box 47: folder 11
OMGUS - Correspondence - Friedrich, C. J.
1947

Box 47: folder 12
OMGUS - Correspondence - Himes, Norman
1946-1947

Box 47: folder 13
Note:

See also - San Nicolo Affair, Box 46, Folder 44

OMGUS - Correspondence - Litchfield, Edward
1947

Box 47: folder 14
OMGUS - Correspondence - Rockwell, Alvin
1947

Box 47: folder 15
OMGUS - Correspondence - Schopler, Ernst H.
1946-1948

Box 47: folder 16
OMGUS - Correspondence - Schubert, Richard
1947

Box 47: folder 17
OMGUS - Correspondence - Wells, Roger
1947

Box 47: folder 18
OMGUS - Correspondence
n.d.

Box 47: folder 19
OMGUS - Correspondence
1945 Jun

Box 47: folder 20
OMGUS - Correspondence
1945 Aug

Box 47: folder 21
OMGUS - Correspondence
1945 Sep

Box 47: folder 22
OMGUS - Correspondence
1945 Oct

Box 47: folder 23
OMGUS - Correspondence
1945 Nov

Box 47: folder 24
OMGUS - Correspondence
1945 Dec

Box 47: folder 25
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Jan

Box 47: folder 26
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Feb

Box 47: folder 27
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Mar

Box 47: folder 28
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Apr

Box 47: folder 29
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 May

Box 47: folder 30
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Jun

Box 47: folder 31
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Jul

Box 47: folder 32
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Aug

Box 47: folder 33
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Sep

Box 47: folder 34
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Oct

Box 47: folder 35
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Nov

Box 47: folder 36
OMGUS - Correspondence
1946 Dec

Box 47: folder 37
OMGUS - Correspondence re: Case of Konrad Fries
1945-1946

Box 47: folder 38
OMGUS-Printed Material



OMGUS-Digests of Selected Opinions/Selected Opinions (bound copy)
1946 Jan-Feb

Box 47: folder 39
OMGUS-Digests of Selected Opinions/Selected Opinions (unbound)
1946 Jan-Feb

Box 47: folder 40
Regierungsblatt - Thüringen - Teil I (with gaps)
1945 Jul-1946 Jun

Box 47: folder 41
Regierungsblatt - Thüringen - Teil II
1945 Sep-Oct

Box 47: folder 42
Regierungsblatt - Thüringen - Teil III
1946 Apr, Jun

Box 47: folder 43
Verordnungsblatt - Brandenburg
1945 Oct-1946 Mar

Box 47: folder 44
Amtliche Nachrichten - Sachsen
1946 Jan-Feb

Box 47: folder 45
Verordnungsblatt - Sachsen
1945 Oct-Dec

Box 47: folder 46
Verordnungsblatt - Sachsen
1946 Jan-Apr

Box 47: folder 47
Verordnungsblatt - Sachsen
1946 May-Jun

Box 47: folder 48
Gesetze, befehle... Sachsen
1946 Feb-Jun

Box 47: folder 49
Printed Materials
1945-1946

Box 47: folder 50
Der Tagespiegel
1941 Dec 30

Box OS3: folder 11
Publications (for personnel)
1946, n.d.

Box 47: folder 51
Germany,
1947-1952


Lecture Tour, Germany
1948

Box 47: folder 52
Conference in Waldleiningen; Internationale Woche, Bremen
1949

Box 47: folder 53
U.S. High Commission for Germany - Report, Legal Opinions
1949-1950

Box 47: folder 54
Deutscher Bundesrat- Printed material
1949, n.d.

Box 47: folder 55
German regional government publications
1948-1950

Box 47: folder 56
Commission on the Occupied Areas - Occupied Countries News and Notes
28 Jul 1950

Box 47: folder 57
U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, Historical Division-List of Monographs
1952

Box 47: folder 58
Weekly Intelligence Report-Special Study-Local Government in Bavaria (OMGUS) [Marked Secret]
1949 Apr 15

Box 47: folder 59
Land Commission for Bavaria-Weekly Intelligence Report - Bavarian Universities
1950 Mar 3

Box 47: folder 60
Postwar Germany - Das Problem der politische Willensbildung - (speech by Prof. Theodor Eschenberg)
1949 Dec

Box 47: folder 61
Postwar Germany - Letters to the New York Times, Hans Kelsen and Karl Loewenstein
1947 Aug-Sep

Box 47: folder 62
Postwar Germany - Clippings - Bizonal Organization
1947

Box 47: folder 63
Postwar Germany - Clippings - Economics
1947

Box 47: folder 64
Postwar Germany - Clippings - "General structure"
1947

Box 47: folder 65
Postwar Germany - Clippings - Internal Politics
1947

Box 47: folder 66
Postwar Germany - Clippings - Military Government
1947

Box 47: folder 67
Postwar Germany - Clippings, printed material (2 folders)
1947-1951

Box 48: folder 1-2
Newspapers and Clippings: Rheinische Merkur, News of Germany (OMGUS), Stars and Stripes, OMGUS Observer, New York Herald Tribune, Die Neue Zeitung...
1946-1948

Box OS3: folder 13
Newspapers and Clippings: Sonntagsblatt Staats-Zeitung und Herald, Suddeutsche Zeitung, New York Times...
1948-1950

Box OS3: folder 14
Newspapers (and fragments): Le Soir, Le Peuple, Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgarter Nachrichten,...
1950

Box OS3: folder 16
Newspaper: Le Peuple [Belguim]
1950 Jul

Box OS3: folder 17
European Defense Community Constitutional Controversy (EDC Controversy)



Following his particular interest in constitutional law, Loewenstein became involved in two constitutional controversies during the 1950s and 1960s, one German and one Japanese. In the first (1952-1954), he advised the leader of the German Social Democratic Party, Adolf Arndt, as the latter mounted a constitutional challenge to the signing of European Defense treaties (the Brussels Treaty and the North Atlantic Treaty) by the Federal Republic of Germany. Loewenstein's own legal opinion in the matter was submitted to the Constitutional Court in March, 1954, and he wrote about his experience in the Yale Law Journal ("The Bonn Constitution and the European Defense Community Treaties," May, 1955: 805-839). Many of the major documents in the case are in the collection, along with substantive correspondence between Arndt and Loewenstein (1952-1955). These materials are primarily in German.

Convention on relations between the three powers and the Federal Republic of Germany
1952

Box 48: folder 3
Draft law concerning the European Defense Community
1952

Box 48: folder 4
Legal briefs and opinions
1952 Dec-1953 Jun

Box 48: folder 5
Constitution court decision
1953 Mar

Box 48: folder 6
Legal briefs - Adolf Arndt
1953 May-Jun

Box 48: folder 7
Legal opinions - Giese, Klein, Kaufman
1954 Mar, n.d.

Box 48: folder 8
Legal briefs - Adolf Arndt
1953 Dec-1954 Jun

Box 48: folder 9
Rechtsgutachten: Erfordert der Eintritt der Deutschen Bundes Republik in die Europaische Verteidigungsgemeinschaft (Loewenstein)
1952

Box 48: folder 10
Legal opinions - Karl Loewenstein draft and final
1954 Mar, n.d.

Box 48: folder 11
Opinion of the Bundesregierung
1953 Aug

Box 48: folder 12
Law concerning the entry of the Federal Republic of Germany into the Brussels Treaty and the North Atlantic Treaty
1954 Dec

Box 48: folder 13
Law concerning the ending of the occupation government of the Federal Republic of Germany
1954 Dec

Box 48: folder 14
Draft law, briefs, and opinions concerning the Statute of the Saar
1955 May-Dec

Box 48: folder 15
Legislative report
1955

Box 48: folder 16
Clippings, committee reports, notes, typescript draft
1940 Nov-1954 Mar, n.d

Box 48: folder 17
Clippings, notes, letter to the editor of the New York Times
1952-1954, n.d.

Box 48: folder 18
Correspondence
1952 Sep-1954 Jan

Box 48: folder 19
Controversy/correspondence and enclosures
1954 Feb-1955 May

Box 48: folder 20
Japan - Constitutional Reform Commission



Almost ten years after his work as a constitutional law advisor in Germany, while teaching at Kyoto University on a Fulbright Fellowship (1961-1962), Loewenstein became an advisor to the Japanese Constitutional Reform Commission. He provided written commentary on the work of the Commission and advised its members as they prepared to solicit input from foreign scholars on possible revision of the constitution. Loewenstein's primary points of contact on the Commission were its Chairman, Kenzo Takayanagi, and Councilor Ichiro Otomo.

Correspondence
1961 Oct-1963 Mar

Box 48: folder 21
Correspondence between Herbert Spiro and Kenzo Takayanagi
1962 Jun

Box 48: folder 22
Membership, statutes, printed material
1962, n.d.

Box 48: folder 23
"The Making of the Japanese Constitution" - Kenzo Takayanagi (copy of typescript)
1958 Mar

Box 48: folder 24
Outline, names of foreign experts, draft fragments
[1962-1963]

Box 48: folder 25
Essay drafts (typescript and manuscript, Loewenstein)
n.d.

Box 48: folder 26
Committee documents (3 folders)
[1962]

Box 48: folder 27-29
Printed material, clippings
1958-1962

Box 48: folder 30
"Comments on the problems raised...," typescript drafts (Loewenstein)
[1962]

Box 48: folder 31
"Comments on the problems raised...,' typescript (Loewenstein)
1962 Jul

Box 49: folder 1
Draft questionnaire (2 folders)
1962

Box 49: folder 2-3
North American visit - Itinerary, documents
1962

Box 49: folder 4
Washington Post article by Loewenstein (draft and final)
1962 May

Box 49: folder 5
Über das Problem der Verfassungsrevision in Japan
n.d.

Box 49: folder 6
Interview by Yuomuri
1962 Apr

Box 49: folder 7
Public lectures
1962

Box 49: folder 8
Newspaper articles by or about Loewenstein
1961-1962

Box 49: folder 9
Diagrams, notes, clippings
1962, n.d.

Box 49: folder 10
Notes, bibliography
1962, n.d.

Box 49: folder 11
Printed material
1954-1966, n.d.

Box 49: folder 12
Clippings, notes (3 folders)
1961-1962

Box 49: folder 13-15
Clippings
1963, n.d.

Box 49: folder 16
Printed material
1961-1963, n.d.

Box 49: folder 17
Look Magazine
1963 Nov 10

Box OS4: folder 6
U.S. High Commissioner for Germany - Printed Series



Report on Germany. Published quarterly by the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. (Loewenstein's complete set, with marginalia) Vols. 1-6 of 11.
1949-1951

Box 49: folder 18
Report on Germany. Published quarterly by the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. Vols.7-11 of 11.
1951-1952

Box 49: folder 19
Selected publications of the Historical Division, U.S. High Commissioner for Germany (some with marginalia):

Title List, Box 49, Folders 20-23:

Gillen, J. F. J. Labor Problems in West Germany. 1952.

---. State and Local Government in West Germany, 1945-1953, with Special Reference to the U.S. Zone and Bremen. 1953.

---. The Special Projects Program of the Office of the U. S. High Commissioner for Germany. 1952.

Lee, Guy Anderson. Guide to Studies of the Historical Division, Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. 1953.

Loehr, Rodney C. The West German Banking System. 1952.

McClaskey, Beryl Rogers. The History of U.S. Policy and Program in the Field of Religious Affairs Under the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. Research project no. 104. 1951.

Pilgert, Henry P. Women in West Germany, with Special Reference to the Policies and Programs of the Women's Affairs Branch, Office of Public Affairs, Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. 1952.

Pilgert, Henry P. Community and Group Life in West Germany. 1952.

---. Press, Radio and Film in West Germany, 1945-1953. 1953.

---. The Exchange of Persons Program in Western Germany. 1951.

---. The History of the Development of Information Services through Information Centers and Documentary Films. 1951.

---. The West German Educational System; with Special Reference to the Policies and Programs of the Office of the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. 1953.

Plischke, Elmer. The West German Federal Government. 1952.

---. Allied High Commission Relations with the West German Government, 1949-1951. 1952.

---. Allied High Commission for Germany. 1953.

---. Berlin: Development of Its Government and Administration. 1952.

Schmidt, Hubert G. Food and Agricultural Programs in West Germany, 1949-1951. 1952.

------. Economic Assistance to West Berlin, 1949-1951. 1952.
1951-1953

Box 49: folder 20-23
Subseries D: Correspondence



Scope and content:

For most of his life, Loewenstein carried on extensive correspondence with colleagues, friends, and associates. A significant proportion of the correspondence consists of letters to or from family, friends, and acquaintances from the period before 1933. The letters also document Loewenstein's personal experience of the critical year of 1933, when he and thousands of other Jews sought to emigrate from Germany. Loewenstein's post-1933 correspondence includes letters to fellow scholars, presidents, and congressional representatives that document many of his intellectual and political concerns. Loewenstein also wrote to private persons he had never met (e.g., Hannah Arendt), sometimes including a copy of one of his publications.

Arrangement: Note:
Correspondence-Alphabetical



Scope and content:

These files include correspondence with family members, friends, associates, acquaintances, and others between 1906 and 1973. They include letters from scholars and artists with connections to Munich, Paris, or Heidelberg in the 1910s and 1920s, including Thomas Mann, Lyonel and Julia Feininger, Otto Crusius, Max and Marianne Weber, Thomas Mann translator Lavinia Mazzucchetti, and Julien Reinach. The collection also includes several letters from the Annales historian Lucien Febvre and from his assistant, Lucie Varga, as well as letters from the playwright Alfred Neumann. Correspondents from German academic and political circles included Otto Kollreuter, Theodor Maunz, Gerhard Leibholz, Konrad Mommsen, Theodor Heuss, Karl Walser, Reinhold Maier, and Adolf Arndt, among many others. Loewenstein's interest in British constitutional history and politics led to correspondence with Harold Laski and Sir Ivor Jennings. The collection also contains two lengthy letters (1959) from Loewenstein's former student (and British intelligence officer) George Kennedy Young. American correspondents included Felix Frankfurter, Louis Brandeis, Edward R. Murrow, William Draper Lewis, Howard Shapar, C.J. Friedrich, and E.M. Kirkpatrick.

Arrangement:

Alphabetical correspondent files are arranged by the last name of the correspondent. Except as noted in the folder listing, all correspondence files contain incoming and outgoing correspondence. In those instances where an envelope has been retained, it has been placed immediately before the letter it contained. The arrangement of correspondence within each folder may not be chronological.

Unidentified senders
1939-1972, n.d.

Box 50: folder 1
Adeane, Michael , Sir (Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II of England)
1966-1967

Box 50: folder 2
Akzim, Benjamin
1954-1970

Box 50: folder 3
Allen, Luther
1962 Dec

Box 50: folder 4
Alsberg, Max
1918

Box 50: folder 5
American Jewish Committee
1937

Box 50: folder 6
Ando, Hideharu
1968 Dec

Box 50: folder 7
Angell, James Rowland (Yale University)
1936-1937

Box 50: folder 8
Note:

See also Box 1, Folder 29

Anschütz, Dr. G.
1937

Box 50: folder 9
Anspach, Ernst
1948-1949, n.d.

Box 50: folder 10
Arendt, Hannah
1971

Box 50: folder 11
Armstrong, Hamilton Fish
1935-1937

Box 50: folder 12
Arndt, Adolf
1953-1970

Box 50: folder 13
Attorney General of the United States
1950

Box 50: folder 14
Auerbach, Henri
1946

Box 50: folder 15
[Aufricht, Hans?]
1945

Box 50: folder 16
Aumer, Hermann
1948-1966

Box 50: folder 17
Karl Loewenstein to Baade, Hans
1961, n.d.

Box 50: folder 18
Bates, Henry M. (Henry Moore)
1936

Box 50: folder 19
Baumgartner, Eduard
1946, 1964

Box 50: folder 20
Beard, Charles A.
n.d.

Box 50: folder 21
Becker, Elli
1914-1916

Box 50: folder 22
Bellquist, Eric C.
1947-1966

Box 50: folder 23
Bergman, Dr.
1947 May

Box 50: folder 24
Bergstrasser, L.
1953

Box 50: folder 25
Bermann-Fischer Verlag
1945

Box 50: folder 26
Bloom, Sol
1936

Box 50: folder 27
Blumenfield, Else
1965

Box 50: folder 28
Bodlak, Olga and Re: Olga Boldlak
1947

Box 50: folder 29
Borchard, Edwin
1937

Box 50: folder 30
Boyle, Kay
1960

Box 50: folder 31
Bragdon, Paul
1951-1952

Box 50: folder 32
Brandeis, Louis D.
1935-1941

Box 50: folder 33
Brandseph, Otto
1909-1911, 1946, n.d.

Box 50: folder 34
Brandt, Karl
1947

Box 50: folder 35
Brecht, Arnold
1942-1957

Box 50: folder 36
Brentano, Lujo
1925

Box 50: folder 37
Bronneck, Oswald J.
1937-1955

Box 50: folder 38
Brooke, Edward W., Senator
1972

Box 50: folder 39
Burger, Friedrich
1908, 1958-1970

Box 50: folder 40
Burkendorff, Dr. Carla
1922

Box 50: folder 41
Carr, Cecil T.
1941-1942

Box 50: folder 42
Cavin, Milla
1966

Box 50: folder 43
Chalmers, A. Burns
1954

Box 50: folder 44
Clark, Charles Edward
1935-1936

Box 50: folder 45
Clark, William
1937

Box 50: folder 46
Clay, Lucius D.
1946-1948

Box 50: folder 47
Cole, Charles W.
1949-1972

Box 50: folder 48
Note:

See also: Correspondence-Amherst College

Karl Loewenstein to Commager, Henry Steele
1971

Box 50: folder 49
Compard, G.
1911

Box 50: folder 50
Cook, Robert C.
1953

Box 50: folder 51
Cox, Archibald
1960

Box 50: folder 52
Crusius, Otto
1914-1916

Box 50: folder 53
Crusius, Otto
1917

Box 50: folder 54
Crusius, Otto
1918, 1946, 1960-1961

Box 50: folder 55
Dänzer-Vanotti, Hedda
1947

Box 50: folder 56
Dahn, Hans
1946

Box 50: folder 57
Department of State (United States)-- Office of the Legal Advisor
1950

Box 50: folder 58
Dickman, William
1947-1957

Box 50: folder 59
Dieterle, Charlotte
1938, n.d.

Box 50: folder 60
Dietz, Georg
1960

Box 50: folder 61
Düll, Rudolf
1946-1947

Box 50: folder 62
Karl Loewenstein to Eisenhower, Dwight D.
1956

Box 50: folder 63
Ehmke, Horst
1952-1973

Box 50: folder 64
Ellenbogen, Theodore
1947

Box 50: folder 65
Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced German Scholars
1934-1937

Box 50: folder 66
Note:

See also: Correspondence - Murrow, Edward R.

Englisch, Karl
1956-1971

Box 50: folder 67
Ernst, Leo
1933-1935

Box 50: folder 68
Euler, Alec
1948-1949

Box 50: folder 69
Fahy, Charles
1946-1949

Box 50: folder 70
Fairman, Charles
1948

Box 50: folder 71
Fay, Sidney Bradshaw
1936-1953

Box 50: folder 72
Febvre, Lucien
1935-1937

Box 50: folder 73
Note:

See also: Correspondence - Varga, Lucie

Feininger, Julia
1913-1961

Box 50: folder 74
Feininger, Julia Re: Sale of Lyonel Feininger Painting
1914, 1960-1961

Box 50: folder 75
Feininger, Lyonel
1913-1919

Box 50: folder 76
Fink, Max
1955-1961

Box 50: folder 77
Fischer, Paula (Dr.)
1917-1921

Box 50: folder 78
Folsom, Victor
1958

Box 50: folder 79
Fortschrittliche Volkspartei München
1918

Box 50: folder 80
Fortas, Abe
1936-1937

Box 50: folder 81
Fraenkel, Eduard
1938

Box 50: folder 82
Fraenkel, Ernst
1952-1970

Box 50: folder 83
Frank, Bruno
1932

Box 50: folder 84
Frankfurter, Felix
1935-1943, n.d.

Box 50: folder 85
Friedrich, Carl
1935-1954

Box 50: folder 86
Fukase, M. Tadakaze
1959

Box 50: folder 87
Full Grünwald, Gertrud
1947

Box 50: folder 88
Galbraith, John Kenneth
1963-1964

Box 50: folder 89
Gellhorn, Walter
1942-1966

Box 50: folder 90
von Gleichen-Russwurm, Sonia, Baroness
1949

Box 50: folder 91
Goldschmidt, Heinrich
1946

Box 50: folder 92
Gooch, G.P.
1925

Box 50: folder 93
Göppinger, Horst
1966

Box 50: folder 94
Gordon, Ian
[ca. 1911]

Box 50: folder 95
Gouet, Yvon
1936-1937

Box 50: folder 96
Graefenberg, Rosie
1935

Box 50: folder 97
Gramercy Shipping Co.
1949

Box 50: folder 98
Grand Maitre de la Maison de sa Majeste La Reine Elisabeth [Belgium]
1939

Box 50: folder 99
Guradze, Heinz
1948-1965

Box 50: folder 100
Gutzwiller, Max
1935-1960

Box 50: folder 101
Hahn, Carl
1953-1959

Box 50: folder 102
Hahn, Max
1917

Box 50: folder 103
Hallgarten and Co.
1947

Box 50: folder 104
Haynes, Ulric S. [Olric St. Clair]
1963

Box 50: folder 105
Heimann, Eduard
1913-1967

Box 50: folder 106
Heinemann, Gertrude
1911

Box 50: folder 107
Hemken, Ruth
1946-1948

Box 50: folder 108
Hennings, Thomas C.
1955

Box 50: folder 109
Herlitz, Niels
1934-1936

Box 50: folder 110
Hermens, Ferdinand
1937-1970

Box 50: folder 111
Note:

See also Subseries C, OMGUS-Correspondence

Herz, John
1948-1952

Box 50: folder 112
Herzfelder, Francois & Gerta
1946, n.d

Box 50: folder 113
Heuss, Theodor
1954-1961

Box 50: folder 114
Himes, Norman
1937

Box 50: folder 115
Note:

See also Subseries C: OMGUS-Correspondence

Hintze, O[tto]
1924

Box 50: folder 116
Hirschberg, Max
1940-1962

Box 50: folder 117
Hoegner, Wilhelm
1948-1954

Box 50: folder 118
Note:

See also Subseries C, OMGUS-Legal Division-Correspondence

Holborn, Hajo
1951-1969

Box 50: folder 119
Hoppe, Josef
1949 Oct

Box 50: folder 120
Hübner, Peter
1966

Box 50: folder 121
Humphrey, Hubert
1959-1961

Box 50: folder 122
Imboden, Max and Elisabeth
1961-1972

Box 50: folder 123
Inoki, Masamichi
1962-1970

Box 50: folder 124
Jacoby, Werner
1946

Box 50: folder 125
Jaffé, Edgar
1918

Box 50: folder 126
Jaffe, Elsa
1907-1958

Box 50: folder 127
Jaffe, Friedrich
n.d.

Box 50: folder 128
Jaspers, Karl
1935-1967

Box 50: folder 129
Jellineck, Walter
1925-1932

Box 50: folder 130
Jennings, Ivor, Sir
1940-1949, n.d

Box 50: folder 131
Jessup, Philip
1949-1960

Box 50: folder 132
Jewish Refugees Committee
1934-1936

Box 50: folder 133
Justo, Alberto
1949-1957

Box 50: folder 134
Kantorowicz, [Hermann?]
1918

Box 50: folder 135
Keilpflug, Erich, Dr.
1946-1959

Box 50: folder 136
Note:

See also: Series 3, Otto Lowenstein-Correspondence

Kelsen, Hans
1935-1967

Box 50: folder 137
Kempner, Robert M. W
1947-1948

Box 50: folder 138
Kennedy, John F.
1954-1961

Box 50: folder 139
Kidd, Ronald
1937

Box 50: folder 140
King, Stanley (Amherst College)
1936-1940

Box 50: folder 141
Note:

See also: Correspondence-Sherman, Charles L.; Correspondence-Laski, Harold; Correspondence-Frankfurter, Felix

Kirkpatrick, E. M.
1935-1949

Box 50: folder 142
Kisch, Guido
1919-1939

Box 50: folder 143
Kisch, Wilhelm
1925

Box 50: folder 144
Knapp, Lawrence See also Box 43, Folders 23-25
1947-1959

Box 51: folder 1
Knittel, Eberhard
1955-1970

Box 51: folder 2
Knopler, Ernest
1948

Box 51: folder 3
Kollreuter, Otto (includes letter from Otto Kollreuter to [ ] Krüger, 3 Dec. 1944)
1925-1966

Box 51: folder 4
Konrad, Ello
1969

Box 51: folder 5
Kraus, Wolfgang
1937

Box 51: folder 6
Krock, Arthur
1960

Box 51: folder 7
Laski, Harold Joseph
1924-1937

Box 51: folder 8
Re: Harold Laski
1953

Box 51: folder 9
Lassar, Gerhand
1933

Box 51: folder 10
Lehman, Irving
1935-1936

Box 51: folder 11
Lenz, Friedrich
1952-1961

Box 51: folder 12
Lenz, Gertrud
1947

Box 51: folder 13
Lenz, Herbert
1933

Box 51: folder 14
Lerner, Max
1937-1947

Box 51: folder 15
Lewis, William Draper
1947

Box 51: folder 16
Note:

See also: Box 45, Folders 1-3

Leibholz, Gerhard
1932-1966

Box 51: folder 17
Lifton, Robert Jay
1970

Box 51: folder 18
Lindner, Leo J.
1961

Box 51: folder 19
Litchfield, Edward
1955

Box 51: folder 20
Lodge, Henry Cabot
1948

Box 51: folder 21
Loewenstein, Alfred (from)
1906-1908

Box 51: folder 22
Loewenstein, Alfred (from)
1909-1941

Box 51: folder 23
Re: Alfred Loewenstein
1937-1941

Box 51: folder 24
Karl Loewenstein to Loewenstein, Alfred
1909, 1941

Box 51: folder 25
Loewenstein, Karl, to parents
1908-1914, n.d.

Box 51: folder 26
Loewenstein, Karl, to parents
1909

Box 51: folder 27
Loewenstein, Karl, to parents and extended family while in military service
1915

Box 51: folder 28
Loewenstein, Otto and Marta
[1960s]

Box 51: folder 29
Loewenstein, Robert
1908-1915

Box 51: folder 30
Loewenstein, Rudolf
1909-1918

Box 51: folder 31
Loewenstein, Wilhelm, Hermann, and Fritz
1910-1911,1933

Box 51: folder 32
Loewenstein family members to Loewenstein
1908-1933

Box 51: folder 33
Ludendorff, Margarethe
1933-1934

Box 51: folder 34
Luetkens, Charlotte
1949 Oct

Box 51: folder 35
Lukacs, Georg
1970

Box 51: folder 36
Mack, Julian W.
1936

Box 51: folder 37
Madden, J. Warren
1947

Box 51: folder 38
Note:

See also Subseries C, OMGUS-Legal Division

Maier, Reinhold
1925-1962

Box 51: folder 39
Maki, Jon M.
1969-1971

Box 51: folder 40
Malik, Charles
1947

Box 51: folder 41
Mann, Golo
1951

Box 51: folder 42
Karl Loewenstein to Mann, Thomas
1933-1955

Box 51: folder 43
Mann, Thomas & family to Karl Loewenstein See also, Series 2: Correspondence-Re: Thomas Mann letters (1977)
1932-1955

Box 51: folder 44
Maron, Oscar
1947

Box 51: folder 45
Maunz, Theodor
1932-1973

Box 51: folder 46
Note:

See also: Box 67 Folder 33 (Restitution claim)

Maunz, Theodor - Clippings re:
1964

Box 51: folder 47
Mayer, Arno J.
1968

Box 51: folder 48
Mazzucchetti, Lavinia
1914-1963

Box 51: folder 49
Re: Lavinia Mazzucchetti
1936-1948, n.d.

Box 51: folder 50
McCloy, John D.
1949-1965

Box 51: folder 51
McCurdy, William E.
1948

Box 51: folder 52
McDougal, Myres S.
1947-1955

Box 51: folder 53
McWhinney, Edward
1956

Box 51: folder 54
Mendelssohn- Bartholdy, Albrecht
1936

Box 51: folder 55
Mendès-France, Pierre
1960

Box 51: folder 56
Merrill, Maurice H.
1936

Box 51: folder 57
Meyer, Ernst Wilhelm
1965 Mar

Box 51: folder 58
Michelson, Friedl
1966

Box 51: folder 59
Mitchell, Allan
1966

Box 51: folder 60
Mizoguchi, Michio and Fumiko
1961, n.d.

Box 51: folder 61
Mollet, M. Guy
1952

Box 51: folder 62
Mommsen, Konrad
1947-1967

Box 51: folder 63
Mommsen, Konrad
1968-1973

Box 51: folder 64
Mommsen, Theodor E.
1939 Mar

Box 51: folder 65
Mommsen, Wolfgang J.
1965

Box 51: folder 66
Moon, Parker Thomas
1935

Box 51: folder 67
Morgenthau, Hans J.
1937-1971

Box 51: folder 68
Morkel, Arnd
1968

Box 51: folder 69
Morrison, James
1935-1937

Box 51: folder 70
Muelder, Milton E.
1948

Box 51: folder 71
Murrow, Edward R.
1934-1961

Box 51: folder 72
Naimer, L.B. (Lewis Bernstein)
1953

Box 51: folder 73
Nathan, Paul
1941-1959

Box 51: folder 74
National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners
1936

Box 51: folder 75
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
1935-1937

Box 51: folder 76
Neumann, Alfred
1929-1939

Box 51: folder 77
Neumann, Sigmund
1942-1961

Box 51: folder 78
Neumeyer, Alfred, Marie [and family?]
1933, 1973

Box 51: folder 79
Neumeyer, Anna [and Karl]
1910-1933

Box 51: folder 80
Neumeyer, Fred
1935 Dec

Box 51: folder 81
Neumeyer, Karl [and Anna]
1911-1935

Box 51: folder 82
Newmann, Karl J.
1966

Box 51: folder 83
Neuner, Robert
1936-1939

Box 51: folder 84
Niebuhr, Reinhold
1946-1948

Box 51: folder 85
Nobleman, Eli
1951-1952

Box 51: folder 86
Noel-Baker, Philip Noel-Baker, Baron
1936-1939

Box 51: folder 87
Noether, Erich
1911-1971

Box 51: folder 88
Nyabonga, A[kiki] K.
1958

Box 51: folder 89
Ochs, Adolph S.
1934

Box 52: folder 1
Ogg, Frederic Austin
1935-1937

Box 52: folder 2
Oppenheim, Felix
1963-1967

Box 52: folder 3
Oppenhiemer, Fritz
1948

Box 52: folder 4
Oppenheimer, Leo
1928-1933

Box 52: folder 5
Petraschek, Karl and Helene
1946-1952

Box 52: folder 6
Pettengill, Samuel B.
1952

Box 52: folder 7
Pfefferer, Anna
1946

Box 52: folder 8
Phillips, C.J.
1949 Nov

Box 52: folder 9
Phillips, John H.
1950

Box 52: folder 10
Ramey, James T.
1937-1972

Box 52: folder 11
Raskin, Marc
1961

Box 52: folder 12
Redlich, Josef
1926-1936

Box 52: folder 13
Redslob, Robert
1918-1949

Box 52: folder 14
Reinach, Julien
1911

Box 52: folder 15
Reinach, Julien
1912-1959

Box 52: folder 16
Rheinstein, Max
1933-1962

Box 52: folder 17
Richardson, Channing B.
1949-1963

Box 52: folder 18
Riesman, David
1961

Box 52: folder 19
Riezler, Emanuel
1953

Box 52: folder 20
Rockefeller Foundation
1937

Box 52: folder 21
Rosenfels, Werner
1948

Box 52: folder 22
Rostow, Eugene V.
1968-1970

Box 52: folder 23
Rothenbücher, Karl
1918-1931

Box 52: folder 24
Salin, Edgar
1913-1914

Box 52: folder 25
Saltonstall, Leverett
1948

Box 52: folder 26
Sartori, Giovanni
1955

Box 52: folder 26B
Schmidt, Walter
1949 Sep

Box 52: folder 27
Schmitt, Carl
1925 Apr 29

Box 52: folder 28
Schopler, Ernest
1948-1960

Box 52: folder 29
Schrag-Haas, Judith [Restricted until 2031]
1956-1961

Box 52: folder 30
re: Judith Schrag-Haas [Restricted until 2031]
1957

Box 52: folder 31
Schumann, [?]
1940

Box 52: folder 32
Schumann, Frederick L.
1947-1966

Box 52: folder 33
Schweisheimer, W.
1949-1960

Box 52: folder 34
Schweitzer, Albert [Vault]
1942

Box 52: folder 35
Seymart Food Shops
1947

Box 52: folder 36
Shapar, Harold (AC 1945)
1951-1962, n.d.

Box 52: folder 37
(Amherst College) Charles L. Sherman
1936

Box 52: folder 38
Simon-Kerbs, Eric
1946

Box 52: folder 39
Sørensen, Max
1955

Box 52: folder 40
Spaeth, Carl B.
1953-1961

Box 52: folder 41
Note:

See also: Box 43 Folder 27

Spaeth, Emil
1949

Box 52: folder 42
Spykman, Nicholas
1933-1936

Box 52: folder 43
Stauffer, Tom (includes Loewenstein's affidavit on behalf of Stauffer, 1951)
1946-1960

Box 52: folder 44
Stone, Harlan F.
1939-1942

Box 52: folder 45
Strauss, Albert
1936-1959

Box 52: folder 46
Strauss, Leo
1943-1953

Box 52: folder 47
Sturtevant, E. H.
1936

Box 52: folder 48
Suhrkamp, Peter
1947

Box 52: folder 49
Suhrkamp Verlag
1948

Box 52: folder 50
Takayanagi, Kenzo
1965

Box 52: folder 51
Note:

See also Japanese Constitutional Reform Commission (Boxes 48-49

Taracouzio, Terry A.
1947-1948

Box 52: folder 52
Tartarin-Tarnheyden, [E.]
1925

Box 52: folder 53
Taylor, Telford
1961

Box 52: folder 54
Thewrewk-Pallaghy, Attilla
1955 Apr

Box 52: folder 55
Thorp, Willard L.
1949-1967

Box 52: folder 56
Karl Loewenstein to Tillich, [Paul?]
1955

Box 52: folder 57
Tobler, Mina
1914-1924, n.d

Box 52: folder 58
Tobler, Mina
1925-1927

Box 52: folder 59
Tobler, Mina
1928-1929

Box 52: folder 60
Tobler, Mina
1930-1933

Box 52: folder 61
Tragle, Henry
1956-1962

Box 52: folder 62
Truman, Harry S.
1953 Feb

Box 52: folder 63
Ulrich, Karl
1946

Box 52: folder 64
University of the Air
1935-1936

Box 52: folder 65
University of the State of New York, Examination and Inspection Division
1934-1935

Box 52: folder 66
Varga, Lucie
1936, n.d.

Box 52: folder 67
Villhrius, Maximilianus
1970

Box 52: folder 68
Virchow, Kat
1947

Box 52: folder 69
von Berchem, Friedrich, Freiherr
1946

Box 52: folder 70
von Elbe, Joachim
1947

Box 52: folder 71
Walser, Karl
1908-1973

Box 52: folder 72
Walter, Bruno
1944-1960

Box 52: folder 73
Warren, Robert Penn
1936-1937

Box 52: folder 74
Weber, Alfred
1936

Box 52: folder 75
Weber, Marianne
1914-1923, n.d.

Box 52: folder 76
Weber, Marianne
1924-1939

Box 52: folder 77
Copies of letters from Marianne Weber and Margaret von Eddemann [?]
n.d., 1953-1971

Box 52: folder 78
Karl Loewenstein to Marianne Weber
1933

Box 52: folder 79
Re: Marianne Weber
1946-1948

Box 52: folder 80
Weber, Max [Originals in VAULT]
n.d., 1913-1918

Box 52: folder 81
Wedekind, Kadidja
1970

Box 52: folder 82
Re: Wedekind, Kadidja
1956

Box 52: folder 83
Wedekind, Tilly
1933, 1960

Box 52: folder 84
Karl Loewenstein and Alfred Loewenstein to Weiler, Hans
1947

Box 52: folder 85
Wells, Roger H.
1936-1952

Box 52: folder 86
Wendlandt, Heinrich
1949 Sep

Box 52: folder 87
Wewer, Herrn Heinz
1965

Box 52: folder 88
Williams, Norman
1943

Box 52: folder 89
Winslow, C[harles] E[dward] A.]
1935

Box 52: folder 90
Winston, Richard
1966

Box 52: folder 91
Wiseley, William
1955-1959

Box 52: folder 92
Wolff[?], H.
1939

Box 52: folder 93
Wolfskehl, Karl
1929

Box 52: folder 94
Wunderlich, Elsa
1913-1914

Box 52: folder 95
Wunderlich, Elsa
1915-1921

Box 52: folder 96
Wyatt, Harold A.
1951

Box 52: folder 97
Young, George Kennedy
1959-1967

Box 52: folder 98
Zander, Wilhelm
1948

Box 52: folder 99
Zaubzer, Ilse
1948-1955

Box 52: folder 100
Zurcher, Arnold
1935-1968

Box 52: folder 101
Zweig, Stefan
1940

Box 52: folder 102
Chronological correspondence files



Scope and content:

These files contain general correspondence (1908-1973) touching on a wide variety of topics and concerns. Some of Loewenstein's earliest cards and letters document his months at the University of Paris in 1911 and his experience in the German infantry in 1915. The chronological correspondence files after 1933 contain a fairly full picture of Loewenstein's daily life, chronicling arrangements for public appearances, conference participation, and minor business dealings. While most of Loewenstein's correspondence with his publishers is contained in Subseries B-Publications and Research, the files in this subseries contain some records of those relationships.

Arrangement:

Most of the chronological correspondence files are arranged by year quarter (i.e., Jan - Mar, 1950). In some cases, a folder contains an entire year of correspondence. Incoming and outgoing correspondence are filed together. In those instances where an envelope has been retained, it has been placed immediately before the letter it contained. The arrangement of correspondence within each folder may not be chronological.

Postcards (various senders)
1908-1916

Box 53: folder 1
Correspondence
1909-1910

Box 53: folder 2
Postcards (various senders)
1911-1913

Box 53: folder 3
Calling cards
1910-1930, n.d

Box 53: folder 4
Correspondence
1911, n.d.

Box 53: folder 5
Correspondence - Sent to Loewenstein in Paris
1911

Box 53: folder 6
Correspondence
1912

Box 53: folder 7
Correspondence
1912

Box 53: folder 8
Correspondence
1913, n.d.

Box 53: folder 9
Correspondence
1914-1915

Box 53: folder 10
Correspondence - While in military service
1915

Box 53: folder 11
Correspondence
1917-1922

Box 53: folder 12
Correspondence
1925-1931

Box 53: folder 13
Correspondence
1933 Jan-Mar, n.d.

Box 53: folder 14
Correspondence
1933 Apr

Box 53: folder 15
Correspondence
1933 May

Box 53: folder 16
Correspondence
1933 Jun-Jul

Box 53: folder 17
Correspondence
1933 Aug

Box 53: folder 18
Correspondence
1933 Sep

Box 53: folder 19
Correspondence
1933 Oct

Box 53: folder 20
Correspondence
1933 Nov

Box 53: folder 21
Correspondence
1933 Dec

Box 53: folder 22
Correspondence - Universität München (employment and dismissal)
1931-1933

Box 53: folder 23
Correspondence and memoranda to faculty - Universität München
1933 Jan-Jun, n.d.

Box 53: folder 24
Correspondence and memoranda to faculty - Universität München
1933 Jul-Nov, n.d.

Box 53: folder 25
Correspondence - Readmission to the Bar (Bayern)
1916-1917, 1933

Box 53: folder 26
Correspondence [enclosure?] - Reichs-Habilitations-Ordnung
1934

Box 53: folder 27
Correspondence
1934

Box 53: folder 28
Correspondence
1935 Jan-Jun

Box 53: folder 29
Correspondence
1935 Jul-Dec

Box 53: folder 30
Correspondence
1936 Jan-Mar

Box 53: folder 31
Correspondence
1936 Apr-Jun

Box 53: folder 32
Correspondence
1936 Jul-Sep

Box 53: folder 33
Correspondence
1936 Oct-Dec

Box 53: folder 34
Correspondence
1937 Jan-Jun

Box 53: folder 35
Correspondence
1937 Jul-Dec

Box 53: folder 36
Correspondence
1938

Box 53: folder 37
Correspondence
1939

Box 53: folder 38
Correspondence - Requests for assistance with immigration to the U.S.
1939

Box 53: folder 39
Correspondence
1940

Box 53: folder 40
Correspondence - Re: Trial of Karl Zanziger
1941

Box 53: folder 41
Correspondence - Re: Public lectures
1941

Box 53: folder 42
Correspondence
1942

Box 53: folder 43
Correspondence - Re. Public lectures
1943-1946

Box 53: folder 44
Correspondence
1945

Box 53: folder 45
Correspondence
1946

Box 53: folder 46
Correspondence
1947 Jan-Mar

Box 53: folder 47
Correspondence
1947 Apr-Jun

Box 53: folder 48
Correspondence
1947 Jul-Sep

Box 53: folder 49
Correspondence
1947 Oct-Dec

Box 53: folder 50
Correspondence
1948 Jan-Mar

Box 53: folder 51
Correspondence
1948 Apr-Jun

Box 53: folder 52
Correspondence
1948 Jul-Sep

Box 53: folder 53
Correspondence
1948 Oct-Dec

Box 53: folder 54
Correspondence - Re: Public lectures
1947-1949

Box 53: folder 55
Correspondence
1949 Jan-Apr

Box 53: folder 56
Correspondence
1949 May-Jul

Box 53: folder 57
Correspondence
1949 Aug-Dec

Box 53: folder 58
Correspondence - Christmas cards
1949

Box 53: folder 59
Correspondence
1950 Jan-Feb

Box 54: folder 1
Correspondence
1950 Apr-Dec

Box 54: folder 2
Correspondence
1951 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 3
Correspondence
1951 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 4
Correspondence
1951 Jul-Aug

Box 54: folder 5
Correspondence
1951 Oct-Nov

Box 54: folder 6
Correspondence
1952 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 7
Correspondence
1952 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 8
Correspondence
1952 Jul-Sep

Box 54: folder 9
Correspondence
1952 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 10
Correspondence
1953 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 11
Correspondence
1953 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 12
Correspondence
1953 Jul-Sep

Box 54: folder 13
Correspondence
1953 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 14
Correspondence
1954 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 15
Correspondence
1954 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 16
Correspondence
1954 Jul-Sep

Box 54: folder 17
Correspondence
1954 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 18
Correspondence
1955 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 19
Correspondence
1955 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 20
Correspondence
1955 Jul-Sep

Box 54: folder 21
Correspondence
1955 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 22
Correspondence - Re: European trip
1955

Box 54: folder 23
Correspondence
1956 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 24
Correspondence
1956 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 25
Correspondence
1956 Jul-Sep

Box 54: folder 26
Correspondence
1956 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 27
Correspondence
1957 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 28
Correspondence
1957 Apr-Dec

Box 54: folder 29
Correspondence - Christmas and birthday cards
1957

Box 54: folder 30
Correspondence
1958 Jan-Sep

Box 54: folder 31
Correspondence
1958 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 32
Correspondence - Christmas cards and letters
1956-1958

Box 54: folder 33
Correspondence
1959 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 34
Correspondence
1959 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 35
Correspondence
1959 Jul-Sep

Box 54: folder 36
Correspondence
1959 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 37
Correspondence - Christmas and birthday cards
1959

Box 54: folder 38
Correspondence
1960 Jan-Mar

Box 54: folder 39
Correspondence
1960 Apr-Jun

Box 54: folder 40
Correspondence
1960 Jul-Sep

Box 54: folder 41
Correspondence
1960 Oct-Dec

Box 54: folder 42
Correspondence - Christmas and birthday cards
1960

Box 55: folder 1
Correspondence
1961 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 2
Correspondence
1961 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 3
Correspondence
1961 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 4
Correspondence
1961 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 5
Correspondence
1962 Jan-Sep

Box 55: folder 6
Correspondence
1962 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 7
Correspondence - Christmas cards
1961-1962

Box 55: folder 8
Correspondence - Christmas cards
1962-1963

Box 55: folder 9
Correspondence
1963 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 10
Correspondence
1963 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 11
Correspondence
1963 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 12
Correspondence
1963 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 13
Correspondence
1964 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 14
Correspondence
1964 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 15
Correspondence
1964 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 16
Correspondence
1964 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 17
Correspondence
1965 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 18
Correspondence
1965 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 19
Correspondence
1965 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 20
Correspondence
1965 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 21
Correspondence
1966 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 22
Correspondence
1966 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 23
Correspondence
1966 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 24
Correspondence
1966 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 25
Correspondence
1967 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 26
Correspondence
1967 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 27
Correspondence
1967 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 28
Correspondence
1967 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 29
Correspondence
1968 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 30
Correspondence
1968 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 31
Correspondence
1968 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 32
Correspondence
1968 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 33
Correspondence
1969 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 34
Correspondence
1969 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 35
Correspondence
1969 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 36
Correspondence
1970 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 37
Correspondence
1970 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 38
Correspondence
1970 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 39
Correspondence
1970 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 40
Correspondence
1971 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 41
Correspondence
1971 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 42
Correspondence
1971 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 43
Correspondence
1971 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 44
Correspondence
1972 Jan-Mar

Box 55: folder 45
Correspondence
1972 Apr-Jun

Box 55: folder 46
Correspondence
1972 Jul-Sep

Box 55: folder 47
Correspondence
1972 Oct-Dec

Box 55: folder 48
Correspondence
1973 Jan-Mar

Box 56: folder 1
Correspondence
1973 Apr-Jul

Box 56: folder 2
Correspondence: Topical files



Scope and content:

Reflecting Loewenstein's own organization of his correspondence, a small number of topically-arranged correspondence files document his relationships with specific institutions (e.g., Amherst College, The Max Weber Archive), or his specific concerns. These files include correspondence from 1942-1972. Note that correspondence with specific institutions over a brief time span may be located with the chronologically-arranged correspondence files (e.g., Universität München, Employment and dismissal - 1931 - 1933, Box 53, Folder 23).

Arrangement:

Topical correspondence files have been placed in approximate chronological order, with Amherst College-related material grouped together. As above, in those instances where an envelope has been retained, it has been placed immediately before the letter it contained. The arrangement of correspondence within each folder may not be chronological.

Correspondence - Re: Brazil under Vargas
1942-1945

Box 56: folder 3
Correspondence - Amherst College
1946-1956

Box 56: folder 4
Correspondence - Amherst College
1957-1971

Box 56: folder 5
Correspondence and printed material - Employment at Amherst College
1955-1961, n.d.

Box 56: folder 6
Correspondence - Amherst College Political Science Department [Restricted]
1947-1960

Box 56: folder 7
Correspondence - Amherst College Student Applicants [Restricted for 85 years from date of letter]
1955-1972

Box 56: folder 8
Correspondence - Amherst College Political Science Department Job Applicants [Restricted until 2026]
1956

Box 56: folder 9
Correspondence - Amherst College Evaluations and Letters of Recommendation [Restricted for 70 years from date of item]
1947-1967

Box 56: folder 10
Correspondence - Amherst College Evaluations and Letters of Recommendation [Restricted for 70 years from date of item]
1966-1971

Box 56: folder 11
Correspondence - Manuscript Evaluations [Restricted until 2034]
1963-1964

Box 56: folder 12
Condolence letters - Death of Mathilda Loewenstein
1946

Box 56: folder 13
Walgreen Foundation Lectures - Correspondence, notes, receipts
1955-1956

Box 56: folder 14
Correspondence - Tuxedo Park Conference on Berlin
1962

Box 56: folder 15
Correspondence - Max Weber Gesellschaft
1956-1971

Box 56: folder 16
Correspondence - Max Weber Centennial
1962-1964

Box 56: folder 17
Correspondence and newsletters - Common Cause
1971

Box 56: folder 18
American Bar Association/Committee on European Law - Correspondence, committee reports (2 folders)
1949-1956

Box 56: folder 19-20
Subseries E - Teaching



Scope and content:

This subseries contains course outlines, lecture notes, exams, bibliographies, printed teaching materials, and teaching-related correspondence gathered over the course of Loewenstein's long teaching career (1931-1970). Student papers, rosters, and evaluations are also located here.
Notes for and transcripts of many of Loewenstein's public lectures are also in this subseries. While Loewenstein taught at Amherst for twenty-five years, he also taught or lectured at numerous other academic institutions in the U.S. and abroad. He taught broadly in the fields of political science, government, public law, constitutional law, and international and comparative law.

Arrangement:

Folder titles in this subseries preserve Loewenstein's organization of his lecture notes. Thus some folders of lecture notes provide the course title (e.g., "Political Science 23"), while others indicate where the lectures were given ("Germany - Lecture Notes, 1948-1949"). An attempt has been made to place the folders in approximate chronological order, but some folders contain lecture notes that span several years.

Universität München - Correspondence, employment documents
1910-1932

Box 56: folder 21
Universität München - Correspondence
1933

Box 56: folder 22
Universität München - Biographical statement
1930

Box 56: folder 23
Vorstand des Verbandes der deutschen Hochschulen - Statement
1933 Apr

Box 56: folder 24
Universität München - Course catalogs
1931-1933

Box 56: folder 25
Universität München - Directories
1931-1933

Box 56: folder 26
Universität München - Yearbooks
1930-1933

Box 56: folder 27
Universität München - Lectures (folders 1-2 of 5 folders)
1931-1933

Box 56: folder 28-29
Universität München - Lectures (folders 3-5 of 5 folders)
1931-1933

Box 57: folder 1-3
Lectures (in English)
1933-1938

Box 57: folder 4
Lists of lectures and courses
1936, n.d.

Box 57: folder 5
Yale University - Lecture notes for Government 175 (Comparative Government)
1934-1935

Box 57: folder 6
Yale University - Lecture notes, lecture material
[1934-1936]

Box 57: folder 7
University of Colorado Law School (Summer), Yale University - Lecture notes (Comparative Civil Law)
1934-1936

Box 57: folder 8
University of Colorado Law School (Summer) - Lecture notes, exams, student term papers (Comparative Law)
1936

Box 57: folder 9
Yale University - Lecture notes (The Sociology of Revolutions and Dictatorships) [includes restricted material (until 2036)]
1935-1936

Box 57: folder 10
Lecture notes (The Sociology of Revolutions)
n.d.

Box 57: folder 11
Yale University - Correspondence, course descriptions
1933-1937, n.d.

Box 57: folder 12
Yale University - Lectures
1935-1939

Box 57: folder 13
Yale University - Course outline, lecture notes (Government 55)
1934-1936

Box 57: folder 14
Yale University - Exams, bibliographies, memoranda
1934-1936, n.d.

Box 57: folder 15
Yale University - Student course evaluations
1935-1936

Box 57: folder 16
Yale University - Grades, recommendation letters, student paper [Restricted until 2036]
1935-1936

Box 57: folder 17
Yale University - Master's Thesis Evaluation (Young, George Kennedy
1935-1936

Box 57: folder 18
Public lectures - Denver and Berkeley, lecture material
1936, 1938

Box 57: folder 19
Public lectures - Amherst, Springfield, Holyoke, Hartford
1935-1939

Box 57: folder 20
Lectures
1935-1939

Box 57: folder 21
Amherst College - Lecture materials, course outline (Political Science 1)
1936-1940

Box 57: folder 22
Amherst College - Grades (Political Science 1) [Restricted until 2040]
1939-1940

Box 57: folder 23
Amherst College - Student papers
1939-1940

Box 57: folder 24
Amherst College - Student grades [Restricted until 2037]
1936-1937, n.d.

Box 57: folder 25
Amherst College - Lecture notes and materials, exams, class lists, student feedback [Restricted until 2037]
1936-1937, n.d.

Box 57: folder 26
Amherst College - Lecture notes
1937-1938

Box 57: folder 27
Amherst College - Lecture notes, exams, grades (Political Science 6, Jurisprudence) [Restricted until 2040]
1938-1940

Box 57: folder 28
Amherst College - Exam (Modern France - Army Training Specialists)
1944

Box 57: folder 29
Lecture notes (Political Science)
1952-1953

Box 57: folder 30
Lecture notes (Political Science 6)
1939-1941

Box 58: folder 1
Lecture notes, outlines (Political Science 6, Jurisprudence)
1938-1953

Box 58: folder 2
Amherst College - Student papers (Political Science 6, Jurisprudence)
1939-1940

Box 58: folder 3
Amherst College - Student papers (Political Science 6, Jurisprudence) [Restricted until 2039]
1938-1939

Box 58: folder 4
Amherst College - Student papers (Political Science 6, Jurisprudence)
1940

Box 58: folder 5
Lecture notes (Political Science 15-16)
1936-1942

Box 58: folder 6
Lecture notes (Political Science 23)
1941-1953

Box 58: folder 7
Exams, map, clipping (Political Science 22, 24, 17-18)
1939-1960

Box 58: folder 8
Lectures (Political Science 23, 24)
1954-1955

Box 58: folder 9
Grades, outlines (Political Science 24) [Restricted until 2060]
1941-1960

Box 58: folder 10
Student grades and rosters (Political Science courses) [Restricted until 2055]
1940-1955

Box 58: folder 11
Amherst College - Chapel talks
1947-1959

Box 58: folder 12
Amherst College - Lecture notes (various courses)
1941-1948

Box 58: folder 13
Amherst College - Lecture material and notes (Political Science 15-16)
1942-1943

Box 58: folder 14
Amherst College - Lecture notes, course outlines (Political Science 1)
1938-1941

Box 58: folder 15
Amherst College - Lecture and class material, student grades [Restricted until 2044]
1942-1944

Box 58: folder 16
Public lectures - Amherst College, Smith College, Yale University, New School, Cooper Union)
1938-1948

Box 58: folder 17
UC Berkeley - Catalog (Summer sessions)
1937

Box 58: folder 18
Amherst College - Lecture notes, exams
1939-1950

Box 58: folder 19
Notes, manuscript drafts, printed material (Comparative Public Law)
1938-1950, n.d.

Box 58: folder 20
Lectures
1939-1940, 1948-1949, n.d.

Box 58: folder 21
Amherst College - Student grades (Political Science 23) [Restricted until 2050]
[1939-1950]

Box 58: folder 22
Correspondence and publicity - Re: Public lectures (includes abstract of talk to the Pan American Society of Massachusetts on Brazil under Vargas)
1942

Box 58: folder 23
Various public lectures
1940-1941, n.d.

Box 58: folder 24
Lecture outlines on Great Britain
n.d.

Box 58: folder 25
Amherst College - Lecture notes
1946-1949

Box 58: folder 26
Amherst College - Correspondence, memos, course descriptions, syllabi forms (Political Science Department)
1947-1952, n.d.

Box 58: folder 27
Amherst College - Student work (Political Science Department) [Restricted until 1952]
1948-1952, n.d.

Box 58: folder 28
Amherst College, Harvard University - Lecture notes (Political Science 46)
1943-1949

Box 58: folder 29
Lecture notes (Political Science 46/American Studies)
1946-1960

Box 58: folder 30
Exams, grades, outlines (Political Science 46) [Restricted until 2061]
1946-1951

Box 59: folder 1
Lecture notes (Comparative Government) (3 folders)
1941-1958

Box 59: folder 2-4
New School for Social Research - Correspondence and course materials [Restricted until 2047]
1947

Box 59: folder 5
Lecture notes - Luzern, Harvard, Mount Holyoke College, Chapel talk
1952-1961

Box 59: folder 6
Lecture notes, outlines, exams (Political Science courses)
1943-1959

Box 59: folder 7
Mount Holyoke College (Modern Political Theory)
1949

Box 59: folder 8
Amherst College (American Studies 22)
1949 Apr

Box 59: folder 9
Mount Holyoke College - Lectures (Modern Political Theory)
1956

Box 59: folder 10
Mount Holyoke College - Course sequence, exams, grades (Modern Political Theory) [Restricted until 2055]
1949, 1955

Box 59: folder 11
Germany - Lecture notes, exam (Political Science 45)
1946-1952

Box 59: folder 12
Amherst College - Lecture notes, exams (Political Science 23)
1941-1955

Box 59: folder 13
Germany - Lecture notes
1948-1949

Box 59: folder 14
Germany - Lecture notes
1948-1954

Box 59: folder 15
Teaching materials (printed)
1940-1959

Box 59: folder 16
Amerika Haus, Regensburg - Printed material
1949

Box 59: folder 17
Correspondence - Re: Lectures and Teaching
1952-1955

Box 59: folder 18
Amherst College - Outlines and student grades (Political Science Courses) [Restricted until 2061]
1945-1961

Box 59: folder 19
Amherst College - Lecture outlines
1952-1955

Box 59: folder 20
Amherst College - Reading list and exam (Political Science 79)
1954

Box 59: folder 21
Lecture notes, student paper (History of Government) [Restricted until 2052]
1951-1962, n.d.

Box 59: folder 22
Amherst College - Lecture notes
1959-1961

Box 59: folder 23
Public lectures
1949-1961

Box 59: folder 24
"World Community and Law," Myres S. McDougal and Harold D. Lasswell
1954

Box 59: folder 25
Universität München - Directories; Yale Law School - Catalog
1948-1960

Box 59: folder 26
Lecture notes (History of Government)
1948-1960

Box 59: folder 27
Lecture notes (Political Science 29)
1955-1960

Box 60: folder 1
Exams, grades (Political Science 29) [Restricted until 2060]
1959-1960

Box 60: folder 2
Lectures (Political Science 35)
1952-1960

Box 60: folder 3
Lectures (Political Science 35)
1951-1955

Box 60: folder 4
Lectures (Political Science 35)
1950-1955

Box 60: folder 5
Student grades, outline (Political Science 35) [Restricted until 2059]
1958-1959

Box 60: folder 6
Rosters, outlines, exams (Political Science 35) [Restricted until 2060]
1955-1960

Box 60: folder 7
Yale Law School - Student papers (Comparative Constitutional Law)
1957, 1960, n.d.

Box 60: folder 8
Yale Law School - Student grades and evaluations (Comparative Public Law) [Restricted until 2060]
1959-1960

Box 60: folder 9
Offprints (Comparative Constitutional Law)
1960-1962

Box 60: folder 10
Course outline (Introduction to Comparative Government)
1963-1964

Box 60: folder 11
Yale University - Lectures (Comparative Government)
1956-1964

Box 60: folder 12
Yale Law School - Lecture outlines (Comparative Public Law)
1956-1960

Box 60: folder 13
Yale Law School - Lecture materials, course outlines, correspondence
1957-1960

Box 60: folder 14
Yale Law School - "Constitutional Freedom in Japan Pertaining to the Remedy for Defamation" (student paper by Kazuomi Ouchi)
1960

Box 60: folder 15
Yale Law School - Course outlines, book lists, assignments (Comparative Public Law)
[1958-1960]

Box 60: folder 16
Yale Law School - Rosters and graded papers (Comparative Public Law) [Restricted until 2060]
1959-1960

Box 60: folder 17
List of lectures and lecture outlines (Comparative Public Law)
1960-1963

Box 60: folder 18
Lectures given in Germany
1957-1965

Box 60: folder 19
Lectures given in Germany
1951-1965

Box 60: folder 20
Amherst College - List of Comparative Government lectures, lecture outlines)
1951-1961

Box 60: folder 21
"Presidential Succession" by Karl Loewenstein (2 copies and draft)
n.d.

Box 60: folder 22
Reports and correspondence - Re: Designation of judges in Brazil, Israel, and Sweden
1957, n.d.

Box 60: folder 23
Yale Law School - List of discussion topics, index of periodicals
1958-1959

Box 60: folder 24
Jurispruencia Argentina (newspaper) - "With the complements of Alberto M. Justo"
1957 Aug 13

Box 60: folder 25
Bibliography of Yale Law Faculty, periodical index, correspondence with Library of Congress
1956-1958

Box 60: folder 26
Guest professorship - Universität München - Law School - Correspondence and related material
1956-1959

Box 60: folder 27
German lecture tour - Correspondence (2 folders)
1960

Box 60: folder 28-29
German lecture tour - Correspondence, clippings, radio program, press releases
1960-1961

Box 60: folder 30
Japan - Pre-travel correspondence (includes correspondence with Masamichi Inoki, Carl Spaeth, and Doshisha University)
1958-1961

Box 60: folder 31
Japan - Travel correspondence, clippings
1961-1962

Box 60: folder 32
Fulbright materials - Correspondence, reports, financial statements, general information
1961-1962

Box 60: folder 33
Japan - Kyoto correspondence
1961-1962

Box 61: folder 1
Correspondence re: Fulbright to Japan
1961-1962

Box 61: folder 2
Kyoto - Lectures (Comparative Government)
1962

Box 61: folder 3
Kyoto University - Lecture Notes
1961-1962

Box 61: folder 4
Kyoto University - Lecture Notes (2 folders)
1962

Box 61: folder 5-6
Kyoto University - Student Roster [Restricted until 2061]
1960 - 1961

Box 61: folder 7
Japan - Public and Guest Lectures, Radio Program
1961-1962

Box 61: folder 8
Japan - Printed material, Clippings
1963-1964

Box 61: folder 9
University of Kyoto - Faculty of Law Yearbook
1961

Box 61: folder 10
Japan - brochures, receipts, clippings, account book (2 folders)
1961-1962

Box 61: folder 11-12
Germany - Lectures
1948-1963

Box 61: folder 13
Europe - Course outlines, exams, lecture notes
1963

Box 61: folder 14
Wilhelmsgymnasium München - Alumni Directory
1963

Box 61: folder 15
Europe - Student rosters and grades [Restricted until 2063]
1963

Box 61: folder 16
Teaching - Europe (Basel, Triest, Santiago) Catalog, receipts)
1963

Box 61: folder 17
Yale - Student Rosters and Grades - Course Outline [Restricted until 2064]
1964

Box 61: folder 18
Lecture Notes, Clippings (German and English)
1951-1964

Box 61: folder 19
Correspondence re: Guest and Public Lectures, radio Addresses
1958-1965

Box 61: folder 20
Lecture Notes (in German and English)
1959-1965

Box 61: folder 21
Yale University - Lecture Material
1964

Box 61: folder 22
Berlin - Guest Professorship Correspondence
1965

Box 61: folder 23
Berlin - Guest Professorship - Course outlines, Printed material
1965-1966

Box 61: folder 24
Autobiographical Statement - Bernhard von Behr [Restricted until 2062]
1965

Box 61: folder 25
Correspondence and Receipts re: Freiburg
1966

Box 61: folder 26
Seminar - Freiburg - Course outlines, printed material
1964-1966

Box 61: folder 27
Student Rosters and Grades - Guest teaching - Freiburg and Berlin [Restricted until 2066]
1965-1966

Box 62: folder 1
Britische Regierungswesen - Lecture notes and book manuscript materials, clippings - Berlin and Freiburg
1965-1966

Box 62: folder 2
Lectures on Max Weber
1964-1968

Box 62: folder 3
Lecture Material on Rome
1967-1969

Box 62: folder 4
Universidad Nacional de Mexico - Lecture notes, clippings, printed material, correspondence
1967-1969, n.d.

Box 62: folder 5
Correspondence re: Lectures - Ghana, Japan, University of Massachusetts
1969-1970

Box 62: folder 6
Correspondence re: Lectures in Europe
1972

Box 62: folder 7
Correspondence re: Lecture visits to Argentina
1970-1973

Box 62: folder 8
Yale Law School-Student Papers (folders 1-11 of 14 folders)
1957-1960

Box 62: folder 9-19
Yale Law School-Student Papers (folders 12-14 of 14 folders)
1957-1960

Box 63: folder 1-3
Yale Law School-Student Papers [Restricted until 2057-2060]
1957-1960

Box 63: folder 4
Subseries F: Law Practice



Scope and content:

Loewenstein practiced law in Munich from 1919 until his immigration to the U.S. in 1933. According to his memoir, he left 2000 case files in Germany and these were destroyed. In 1939, shortly after acquiring U.S. citizenship, he was admitted to the Massachusetts Bar and began accepting cases from U.S. clients. His practice was never extensive, however, and he often acted as a consultant only. This subseries includes materials from seventeen cases that originated before his departure for the U.S. and thirteen that originated between 1940 and 1963. Loewenstein's multilingualism and understanding of both German and U.S. law made his services valuable to German citizens whose concerns required interaction with the U.S. legal system. Loewenstein assisted and consulted on a variety of cases, primarily restitution cases, property disputes, and divorce cases. These materials also document Loewenstein's involvement with legal professional organizations.

Arrangement:

The legal case and correspondence files are arranged in approximate chronological order.

Die Entscheidungen des Ehrengerichtshofs für Rechtsanwälte (printed material)
1932

Box 64: folder 1
Legal case - Gruber and Co. vs. "Waka" Werkzeug
1927-1930

Box 64: folder 2
Legal case - Eggenpflug gegen Bezirkssparkasse Regen
1928

Box 64: folder 3
Legal case - Dr. Karl Zitzmann gegen Rudolf Pfisterer
1928-1929

Box 64: folder 4
Correspondence - Re: Case of Georg Merkl gegen Dr. phil. Karl Theiler
1928-1930

Box 64: folder 5
Legal case - Firma Alfred Lerchenthal gegen Frau Sabrine Thieme (2 folders)
1928-1932

Box 64: folder 6-7
Legal case - Firma Alfred Lerchenthal - Bankgeschäft in Legal case - München gegen Michael Haberl und Käthe Nëgrel (2 folders)
1928-1932

Box 64: folder 8-9
Legal case - Alfred Lerchenthal gegen Hermann Ried
1929

Box 64: folder 10
Legal case - Carola Von Schreck gegen Josef Karl
1929-1932

Box 64: folder 11
Legal case - Franz Schabauer gegen Gottfried Conrad
1930

Box 64: folder 12
Legal case - Firma "JAC" In und Auslands-Commissions-GmbH gegen Vittorio Dominici
1930-1931

Box 64: folder 13
Legal case - Rudolf Dittrich gegen Katharine Wolf (2 folders)
1930-1932

Box 64: folder 14-15
Correspondence - Re: Case of Josefine Schlör gegen Ludwig Schlör
1930-1932

Box 64: folder 16
Legal case - S. Fränkel gegen Kurhaus Verein Tutzing
1931-1932

Box 64: folder 17
Correspondence - Re: Case of Frau Kardine Schopf
1931-1932

Box 64: folder 18
Correspondence - Re: Case of Dr. Karl Theiler gegen Dr. Otto Pupp
1932

Box 64: folder 19
Legal case - Alfred Lerchenthal gegen Felix Cohn
1931-1933

Box 64: folder 20
Legal case - Hugo Reichenberger vs. Alien Property Custodian (5 folders)
1931-1936

Box 65: folder 1-5
Legal case - Ferguson vs. Stamm
1934-1935

Box 65: folder 6
Correspondence - Law practice
1934-1935, n.d.

Box 65: folder 7
Correspondence, printed material - Professional associations
1931-1935, n.d.

Box 65: folder 8
Correspondence - Re: Sale of Erich Noether's Beethoven Quartets
1947-1949

Box 65: folder 9
Legal case - Sayag vs. Martini [Restricted until 2015]
1940

Box 65: folder 10
Legal case - Ida Coudenhore-Kalergi vs. William Dieterle [Restricted until 2017]
1942

Box 65: folder 11
Legal consulting - Ehrenfeld [Restricted until 2019]
1944

Box 65: folder 12
Correspondence - Re: Georg Tietz case [Restricted until 2022]
1946-1947

Box 65: folder 13
Correspondence - Re: Stahl vs. Alien Property Custodian [Restricted until 2024]
1946-1949

Box 65: folder 14
Legal case - Abigail West vs. United States Line (2 folders) [Restricted until 2027]
1948-1952

Box 65: folder 15-16
Correspondence - Re: Kadidja Wedekind Beil vs. Beil [Restricted until 2032]
1950-1957

Box 65: folder 17
Legal case - John Roessle vs. Alien Property Custodian [Restricted until 2033]
1950-1958

Box 65: folder 18
Legal case - Walter M. Banfield vs. University of Massachusetts [Restricted until 2039]
1951-1954

Box 65: folder 19
Correspondence - Re: Renée Hirst [Restricted until 2027]
1952

Box 65: folder 20
Legal case - Jean Pierre Baumann/Hadley drive-in theater [Restricted until 2038]
1953

Box 65: folder 21
Legal consulting - Arnold Bernstein, Restitution [Restricted until 2040]
1954-1955

Box 65: folder 22
Legal case - Mrs. Fritzi Siegel-Jokl, Restitution [Restricted until 2045]
1958-1960

Box 65: folder 23
Printed material - Return of enemy property
1957

Box 65: folder 24
Consulting and correspondence - Law practice (3 folders) [Restricted until 2042]
1952-1962

Box 65: folder 25-27
Täubert estate [Restricted until 2045]
1963-1970

Box 65: folder 28
Subseries G: Recordings



Scope and content:

The small collection of recordings in the collection include two aluminum disc recordings of a radio lecture, "Functional Representation and a Parliament of Industry," given by Loewenstein on 20 March 1936 as part of W.E.V.D's "University of the Air." Loewenstein's lecture was recorded off the air by Audio-Scriptions, Inc. and marketed to him by the company (total length: ca. 15 minutes). Two undated shellac discs ("Set #1") contain a recording of Loewenstein interviewing Howard Shapar (AC 1945) and Gil Nichol (Howard Gilbert Nichol, AC 1944) about their experiences as part of the U.S. occupation forces in Germany after 1945. The interview was an episode of "The Veteran Speaks", WHYN Radio, hosted by Walter Kingsley (AC 1946) (total length, ca. 12 minutes). A third undated shellac disc contains lectures by Loewenstein and "Professor Morgan" on "Russia" (total length, ca. 10 minutes). The last item is a cassette tape recording of a memorial tribute to Loewenstein that aired on the Radio of the University of Mexico (undated). Digital copies of all of these recordings are available for use.

Note:
Letter from Audio-Scriptions, Inc. to Karl Loewenstein
1936 Mar 25

Box 66: folder 1
Sleeve 1: Aluminum disc, sides 1 and 3. Karl Loewenstein, "Functional Representation and a Parliament of Industry," "Audio-Scriptions - Electrical Broadcast Transmission - W.E.V.D."(fiber stylus included).
1936 Mar 20

Box 66: folder 2
Sleeve 2: Aluminum disc, sides 2 and 4. Karl Loewenstein, "Functional Representation and a Parliament of Industry," "Audio-Scriptions - Electrical Broadcast Transmission - W.E.V.D."
1936 Mar 20

Box 66: folder 3
Sleeve 3: Shellac disc. Episode of "The Veteran Speaks," WHYN Radio, with Karl Loewenstein, Howard Shapar (AC 1945), Gil Nichol (Howard Gilbert Nichol, AC 1944), and Walter Kingsley (AC 1946). ("Presto Recording Corp., 1523" "Set #1, Sides I and III," "Play inside - 008".)
n.d.

Box 66: folder 4
Sleeve 4: Shellac disc. Episode of "The Veteran Speaks," WHYN Radio, with Karl Loewenstein, Howard Shapar (AC 1945), Gil Nichol (Howard Gilbert Nichol, AC 1944), and Walter Kingsley (AC 1946). ("Presto Recording Corp., 1523" "Set #1, Sides "II" and "IIII".)
n.d.

Box 66: folder 5
Sleeve 5: "Soundcraft Audition Full Spectrum" shellac disc. [Side 1] "Russia - Karl Loewenstein"; [Side 2] "Russia - Professor Morgan"
n.d.

Box 66: folder 6
Cassette tape, approximately 9 minutes: "Contiene grabacion del programa de Radio Universidad en memoria del Prof. Karl Loewenstein y traduccion escrita de la nota que aparecera en el Boletin Mexicano de Derecho Comparado", "Instituto de Investigaciones Juridicas, [Ciudad] Universitaria, Torre de Humanidades, Piso 8, Mexico. In Spanish.
n.d.

Box 66: folder 7
Subseries H: Fiction and Poetry



Scope and content:

While pursing his professional career as an academic and legal consultant, and his passion for music, Loewenstein found time to record observations on life and to write fiction and poetry. With the exception of the poetry, which includes writings from 1912, these writings appear be from the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. The correspondence in this subseries includes evidence of Loewenstein's efforts to publish his creative work.

Arrangement:

With the exception of some of the poetry, which was found with mixed material elsewhere in the collection, the arrangement reflects Loewenstein's organization and labeling of these materials.

"Observations" (reflections, quotations) - Typescript and manuscript notes
1951-1972, n.d.

Box 67: folder 1
"Interval Tension" (article on music) - Typescript draft, printed material, notes
1960, n.d.

Box 67: folder 2
Poetry, notes
1912-1955, n.d.

Box 67: folder 3
Correspondence - Re: Short stories
1951-1956, n.d.

Box 67: folder 4
Short story "The Poster" - Typescript drafts
1951-1955, n.d.

Box 67: folder 5
Short story "The Atlantic Wall" - Typescript and manuscript drafts
1951, n.d.

Box 67: folder 6
Short story "The Meat Coupon" - Typescript drafts
1951, n.d.

Box 67: folder 7
Short story "The Visa" - Typescript drafts
n.d.

Box 67: folder 8
Short story "The Wedding Coach" - Typescript drafts, notes (2 folders)
n.d.

Box 67: folder 9-10
Short story "Oh du Lieber Augustin" - Typescript drafts
n.d.

Box 67: folder 11
Short story "The Triangle Has Four Corners" - Typescript drafts
1956-1957, n.d.

Box 67: folder 12
Short story "The Proof of the Pudding"
n.d.

Box 67: folder 13
Short story "Collector's Item" - Typescript draft, clipping
1952, n.d.

Box 67: folder 14
Subseries I: Baron von Gleichen-Russwurm Case



In 1929, Loewenstein acted as defense attorney when charges of insurance fraud were brought against Karl Alexander, Baron von Gleichen-Russwurm (great grandson of Friedrich Schiller). Gleichen-Russwurm had inherited a valuable pearl necklace, which he insured and claimed to have sent to a Munich jeweler to be refurbished. The jeweler instead reported having received a dead mouse in the packet sent by the Baron. The case was made famous when Thomas Mann incorporated it into his novel, Doktor Faustus. In 1959, Loewenstein, apparently intending to write his own story about the case, began trying to gather materials about it and composed a story outline. His own records of the case had been destroyed. This subseries contains Loewenstein's summary of the case, along with information about it that he gathered from various sources. The latter includes a one hundred and forty-five page psychoanalytic and neurological evaluation of Baron von Gleichen-Russwurm that was conducted by Dr. Ernst Speer in 1928-1929 and submitted to the court as expert testimony (Gutachten) in support of Loewenstein's (unsuccessful) insanity defense.

The expert testimony, correspondence, and most of the clippings in this subseries are in German; Loewenstein's notes and summary are in English. Some clippings, a second story synopsis, and a poem filed here all appear to be unrelated to the case. Likewise, the relation to the case of the three photographs, in an envelope labeled "Warburg, July (?) 1958" is unclear. The original photographs have been filed in Subseries L (Photographs).

Correspondence
1952-1960

Box 67: folder 15
Notes, Summaries (typescript)
1958-1959, n.d.

Box 67: folder 16
Clippings
1929-1958

Box 67: folder 17
Gutachten by Dr. Ernst Speer
1929

Box 67: folder 18
Photographs
1958?

Box 67: folder 19
Note:

See also: Correspondence - Knittel, Eberhard

Subseries J: Personal Legal and Financial Records



Scope and content:

Throughout his life, Loewenstein devoted considerable energy to managing his financial affairs. His scrupulous attention to detail sharpened his petty financial disputes (recorded in the correspondence files), and his significant ones, including a bitter legal dispute with his brother Alfred after the death of their mother, and a claim for restitution against the postwar government of Munich. Loewenstein was also involved in a dispute with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. Because of the significance of these events in Loewenstein's life, his financial records have been retained.

Arrangement:

General materials have been placed first, followed by records of specific financial disputes and claims. Bank statements, correspondence regarding banking and stocks, and income tax records are at the end of the subseries. The materials in Boxes 69, 70, and 71 have been processed only at the box level and remain in their original folders or envelopes.

General



Will and related correspondence
1940

Box 67: folder 20
Receipts, Correspondence
1933-1935, n.d.

Box 67: folder 21
Correspondence, will, clippings, bills - Death of Mathilda Loewenstein
1946-1955

Box 67: folder 22
Subscriptions, book receipts
1958-1971

Box 67: folder 23
Insurance policies
1936-1962

Box 67: folder 24
Correspondence, receipts, contracts - Lumber cutting on Vermont property
1951-1953

Box 67: folder 25
Notes - Property and accounts in Munich
[1945-1946]

Box 67: folder 26
Correspondence, contract - Property in Munich-Pasing
1956-1961

Box 67: folder 27
Doctors' receipts and instructions
1942-1954

Box 67: folder 28
Restitution Claim



Legal claims and decisions
1956-1961

Box 67: folder 29
Legal claims and decisions
1946-1959, n.d.

Box 67: folder 30
Correspondence and receipts (evidence)
1931-1933

Box 67: folder 31
Correspondence - English, Karl
1954-1956

Box 67: folder 32
Maunz, Theodor
1954-1959

Box 67: folder 33
Note:

See also: Subseries D: Correspondence - Maunz, Theodor

Correspondence
1946-1949

Box 67: folder 34
Correspondence
1950-1953

Box 67: folder 35
Correspondence
1954-1956

Box 67: folder 36
Correspondence
1957

Box 67: folder 37
Correspondence
1958

Box 67: folder 38
Correspondence
1959

Box 67: folder 39
Correspondence
1960-1966

Box 68: folder 1
Bank transfers and receipts
1950-1957

Box 68: folder 2
Printed material
1949-1957

Box 68: folder 3
Property dispute with Alfred Loewenstein



Correspondence
1960-1961

Box 68: folder 4
Correspondence - Loewenstein, Alfred to Piri Loewenstein
1960-1961

Box 68: folder 5
Correspondence - Loewenstein, Alfred
1960-1961

Box 68: folder 6
Sale of Lyonel Feininger painting "Pier und Segler auf See"
1960-1961

Box 68: folder 7
Account book
1927-1933

Box 68: folder 8
Statements, correspondence, copies, notes
1927-1961

Box 68: folder 9
Loan to Charles and Pamela (Wedekind) Regnier
1964-1965

Box 68: folder 10
Bank statements (no folders)
[1940s]

Box 69
Bank statements (2 folders)
[1940s]

Box 70
Correspondence and statements, banking and stocks (3 folders) (folders not numbered)
1939-1960

Box 70
Bills, trip to Japan (folders not numbered)
1962

Box 70
Income tax records (10 folders) (folders not numbered)
1937-1966

Box 70
Income tax records (folders not numbered)
1943-1963

Box 71
Subseries K: Collections



Scope and content:

Following his love of music, Karl Loewenstein appears to have retained programs for most of the musical performances he attended. More than half of the ephemera collection consists of programs for concerts given in Germany and other European venues between 1902 and 1933. The remaining programs are for concert and theater performances in the U.S. and abroad. The programs vary widely with regard to format, size, condition, and production quality. The hand-painted wooden model train in the collection appears to have been a memento of Loewenstein's youth in Munich, when Lyonel Feininger and his father spent hours building and decorating model trains at the Loewenstein's home. The remaining items in the subseries include a postcard collection and an assortment of drawings and prints.

Arrangement:

The train and the postcards have been placed first, in a small flat box and a postcard box, respectively. The concert and theater programs (in approximate chronological order) follow in tall archives boxes. The remaining material is in separately numbered oversize boxes.

Note:
Postcards (blank), early twentieth century. [In postcard box.]
n.d.

Box 72
Handmade, painted wooden train. Crafted by Lyonel Feininger or Otto Loewenstein. [In small flat box.]
n.d.

Box 73
Framed printed invitation, illustration by Tittermeyer,"Einladung zum Kostümierten Ball des Künstler-Sänger-Vereins Vier Jahreszeiten 23 Jan 1886"
[1886]

Box OS6: folder 10
Certificate of freeman status for James Theobald Boardman, Norwich, England, on parchment
17 Feb 1947

Box OS7: folder 5
Numbered print: "Goethes Haus in Weimar"; Print of Pope Innocent X
n.d.

Box OS7: folder 2
Pencil Sketch, watercolor and ink drawing, charcoal sketch by Friedinger [?], correspondence
1946, n.d.

Box OS7: folder 3
Reproductions (Fine Art, Swiss landscapes, historical view of Paris, caricatures from Die Musik)
n.d.

Box OS7: folder 4
Poster for Schiller's "Don Carlos" (performance date April 20 1905)
1905 Apr 20

Box OS5: folder 9
Concert and Theater Programs (3 folders)
n.d.

Box 74: folder 1-3
Concert and Theater Programs (5 folders)
1902-1906

Box 74: folder 4-8
Concert and Theater Programs (folder 1 of 7)
1907-1909

Box 74: folder 9
Concert and Theater Programs (folders 2-7 of 7)
1907-1909

Box 75: folder 1-6
Concert and Theater Programs (folders 1-3 of 6)
1910-1911

Box 75: folder 7-9
Concert and Theater Programs (folders 4-6 of 6)
1910-1911

Box 76: folder 1-3
Concert and Theater Programs (7 folders)
1912-1913

Box 76: folder 4-9
Concert and Theater Programs
1912-1913 before 1933"

Box 77: folder 1
Concert and Theater Programs (4 folders)
1914-1916.

Box 77: folder 2-5
Concert and Theater Programs (4 folders)
1917-1919

Box 77: folder 6-9
Concert and Theater Programs
1920-1922

Box 77: folder 10
Concert and Theater Programs (2 folders)
1924-1926

Box 77: folder 11-12
Concert and Theater Programs
1927-1929

Box 78: folder 1
Concert and Theater Programs
1933

Box 78: folder 2
Concert and Theater Programs (4 folders)
1934-1936

Box 78: folder 3-6
Concert and Theater Programs (2 folders)
1937-1939

Box 78: folder 7-8
Concert and Theater Programs
1940-1943

Box 78: folder 9
Concert and Theater Programs
1945-1946

Box 78: folder 10
Concert and Theater Programs
1947-1949

Box 78: folder 11
Concert and Theater Programs
[1950s]

Box 79: folder 1
Concert and Theater Programs
1950-1952

Box 79: folder 2
Concert and Theater Programs
1953-1956

Box 79: folder 3
Concert and Theater Programs
1957-1959

Box 79: folder 4
Concert and Theater Programs
[1960s]

Box 79: folder 5
Concert and Theater Programs
1960-1962

Box 79: folder 6
Concert and Theater Programs (2 folders)
1963-1966

Box 79: folder 7-8
Concert and Theater Programs, Music catalog (2 folders)
1967-1969

Box 79: folder 9-10
Concert and Theater Programs
[1970s]

Box 79: folder 11
Concert and Theater Programs
1970-1972

Box 79: folder 12
Subseries L: Photographs



Scope and content:

Although relatively small in number, the photographs provide an inclusive document of Loewenstein's ancestry and life stages. The earliest photographs in the collection include portraits of Loewenstein's parents and grandparents and pictures of family residences in Ellwangen. Only one photograph exists from the period 1916-1936. Photographs from 1937-1969 were contained in a scrapbook consisting of material pasted onto notebook paper. The scrapbook, which provides a thorough documentation of Loewenstein's career, is located in Subseries A. It appears to have been created and maintained by Piroska Loewenstein. Photographs from the scrapbook have been removed and placed here, along with a photocopy of the original scrapbook page and any captioning it contained.

Note:
Photographs - Ellwangen - Birth places of family members
n.d.

Box 80: folder 1
Photographs
n.d.

Box 80: folder 2
Photographs - "Grossmutter Lebrecht... 91. Lebensjahr" , "Grosspapa Leopold Loewenstein" [portraits of Otto Loewenstein's father in 1871; undated portrait of his father or grandfather; portrait of Otto Loewenstein's maternal grandmother (?) at age 91]
1871, n.d.

Box 80: folder 3
Photographs - Otto Loewenstein, wedding Portraits of Mathilda and Otto Loewenstein, Karl Lowenstein (Otto's brother)
1876-1886

Box 80: folder 4
Family Portrait: Leopold and Rosalie (Loewenthal) Loewenstein [Leopold's second wife], twelve children, 2 daughters-in-law; Family members and friend in Nördlingen
1889[?], n.d.

Box 80: folder 5
Photographs - Robert Loewenstein, Loewenstein Family Portrait (Otto, Mathilda; Sons Alfred, Karl, Robert)
1902-1907

Box 80: folder 6
Photographs/Postcards - Karl and Alfred Loewenstein
1908-1915

Box 80: folder 7
Photographs
1932-1948

Box 80: folder 8
Photographs (2 folders)
1950s

Box 80: folder 9-10
Photographs
1960s

Box 80: folder 11
Photographs - Japan (2 folders)
1961-1962

Box 80: folder 12-13
Karl Loewenstein receiving the German Order of Merit; pictured with Piroska Loewenstein and two unidentified people
[1972]

Box 80: folder 14
Photographs - Gleichen-Russwurm case
1958?

Box 80: folder 15
Subseries M: Pamphlet, Offprint, and Manuscript Collection



This subseries is organized into three groups:

  • Typescript documents sent or given to Loewenstein by colleagues and friends. Manuscripts from unknown authors are included here.
  • Constitutions: Loewenstein's interest in comparative constitutional law throughout his scholarly career led him to amass a diverse collection of printed constitutions. The constitutions are largely in pamphlet form, although a few are represented here in typescript translations, for example, a provisional constitution of Poland from 1947. Included in the collection are constitutions from Uruguay (several versions), Brazil (several versions), Guatemala, Romania, the U.S.S.R, Greece, Spain, Siam, the Free State of Fiume/Italian Regency of Quarnero, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Czechoslovak Republic, Iceland, Costa Rica, Hungary, Poland, France, Ireland, the United States of Mexico (1917), Argentina, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Sweden, Germany, Finland, Venezuela, and the Republic of Italy.

    Some of the constitutions were produced at least partly for propaganda purposes, as with the English translation of the constitution of Soviet Union from 1936, replete with captioned black and white photographs. Some additional constitutions are represented in English translation, but many are in the language the corresponding country. Most of these dated pamphlets were published in the 1940s and 1950s; the earliest text is a reprint of the Uruguayan constitution of 1830.
  • Newspapers, Pamphlets and Offprints: A small number of Hungarian-language newspapers from 1939 were found in the collection. Due to their fragile condition, most could not be unfolded and they have been boxed and placed with these printed materials.

    Loewenstein collected a large number of pamphlets and article offprints over the course of his career. Many were from colleagues in his field or in related fields and were inscribed to Loewenstein. Loewenstein maintained correspondence with many of these individuals. The section retains Loewenstein's topical organization of these materials and leaves in place a variety printed material that he interfiled (government documents, single periodical issues, etc.). In addition to offprints, Loewenstein collected political and propaganda pamphlets, filing these in his topical collections on "National Socialism in Germany," "World War II," "Foreign Governments and Politics," "Germany after 1945," "Peace and Reconstruction," and "Soviet Russia and Satellites."

Manuscripts not authored by Karl Loewenstein



Das Verrückte Nest Positano, vol.1 (typescript novel) Author unknown
n.d.

Box 81: folder 1
Das Verrückte Nest Positano, vol.2 (typescript novel) Author unknown
n.d.

Box 81: folder 2
Typescripts and publications - Petraschek, Karl
1926-[1952]

Box 81: folder 3
Das neue deutsche Aktienrecht - Loewenstein, Alfred
1937

Box 81: folder 4
Typescripts - various authors
1939, n.d.

Box 81: folder 5
"The Law of our American Neighbors" (copy) Author unknown
1943

Box 81: folder 6
German Democracy and the New Election Law - Hermens, F.E.
[1950?]

Box 81: folder 7
Typescript report (copy) Linares Quintana, Segundo V.
1952

Box 81: folder 8
Typescripts, memoir drafts, poetry, printed materials, enclosures - Walser, Karl (Regierungspräsident)
1955-1973

Box 81: folder 9
Typescript, "Max Weber and Music" -Ando, Hideharu
1969

Box 81: folder 10
"Modern Constitutionalism in Japan" (copy), Printed material Maki, John M.
1971

Box 81: folder 11
Constitutions



Uruguay (1830-1951) - Printed material
1946-1951, n.d.

Box 81: folder 12
Uruguay-Printed material
1941-1967

Box 81: folder 13
Brazil - Printed material
1941-1967

Box 81: folder 14
Brazil - Printed material
1946

Box 81: folder 15
Printed material (6 folders)
1917-1958

Box 81: folder 16-22
Related material
1958-1967

Box 81: folder 23
Informations Constitutionelles et Parlementaries (journal)
1936-1939

Box 81: folder 24
Clippings
1920-1952, n.d.

Box 81: folder 25
Newspapers, Pamphlets and Offprints



Magyar Nemzet (1-4 of 7 folders)
1939-1949

Box 82: folder 1-4
Magyar Nemzet (5-7 of 7 folders)
1939-1949

Box 83: folder 1-3
UJSÁG [Hungarian newspaper]
1939

Box 83: folder 4
Der Stürmer (Sondernummer 9 and Sondernummer 10). [These items are restricted from use pending conservation treatment]
1938

Box OS9: folder 4
Pamphlet and Offprint Collection
1923-1946, n.d.

Box 84: folder 4
Pamphlet and Offprint Collection
1947-1953

Box 85: folder 4
Pamphlet and Offprint Collection
1949-1959

Box 86: folder 4
Pamphlet and Offprint Collection
1959-1963

Box 87: folder 4
Pamphlet and Offprint Collection
1963-1966

Box 88: folder 4
Pamphlet and Offprint Collection
1966-1972

Box 89: folder 4
Pamphlet and Offprint Collection (large format)
1936-1973, n.d.

Box 90: folder 4
National Socialism in Germany
[1934-1943]

Box 91: folder 4
Germany after 1945
[1944-1950]

Box 92: folder 4
World War II
[1935-1944]

Box 93: folder 4
Peace and Reconstruction
[1940-1945]

Box 94: folder 4
Soviet Russia and Satellites
1930s-1950s

Box 95: folder 4
American Law
1919-1949

Box 96: folder 4
American Government and Politics
1923-1949

Box 97: folder 4
Intellectual History
1934-1953

Box 98: folder 4
International Law, Organization, and Politics
1940s-1950s

Box 98: folder 4
International Law
1939-1954

Box 99: folder 4
Legal Theory, Political Theory
1940s-1950s

Box 99: folder 4
Political Theory, Jurisprudence
1912-1952

Box 100: folder 4
Latin America
1940s

Box 101: folder 4
Foreign Governments and Politics I and II
1920s-1950s

Box 102: folder 4
Foreign Governments and Politics II and III
1920s-1950s

Box 103: folder 4
National Socialism in Germany (large format)
1938-1943

Box 104: folder 1
World War II (large format)
1940s

Box 104: folder 2
Germany after 1945 (large format)
1946

Box 104: folder 3
Peace and Reconstruction (large format)
1942

Box 104: folder 4
Soviet Russia and Satellites (large format)
1940s

Box 104: folder 5
American Law (large format)
1939-1946

Box 104: folder 6
American Government and Politics (large format)
1937-1949

Box 104: folder 7
Intellectual History (large format) (2 folders)
1930s-1940s

Box 104: folder 8-9
International Law, Organization, and Politics (large format)
1950s

Box 104: folder 10
International Law (large format) (folder 1 of 2)
1930s-1950s

Box 104: folder 11
International Law (large format) (folder 2 of 2)
1930s-1950s

Box 105: folder 1
Legal Theory (large format)
1950s

Box 105: folder 2
Political Theory (large format)
1940s-1950s

Box 105: folder 3
Jurisprudence (large format) (2 folders)
1920s-1940s

Box 105: folder 4-5
Latin America (large format)
1940s-1950s

Box 106: folder 1
Foreign Governments and Politics I (large format)
1930s-1940s

Box 106: folder 2
Foreign Governments and Politics II (large format) (includes typescripts)
1937-1949, n.d

Box 106: folder 3
Foreign Governments and Politics III (large format)
1930s-1950s

Box 106: folder 4
Deutscher Kriegs- und Friedenswille (Die Hilfe, Sonderheft)-Tabloid with essays by Friedrich Naumann, Max Weber, and Wilhelm Heile
1916

Box 106: folder 5
"Die Formung des französischen Geists durch den Legisten," by Carl Schmitt. Deutschland-Frankreich / Vierteljahresschrift des Deutschen Instituts / Paris 1 (2). Inscribed to Heinrich Titze by Carl Schmitt.
1942

Box 106: folder 6
Reprints of articles and speeches by Gerhard Leibholz, some inscribed to KL
1936-1968

Box 106: folder 7
Reprints of articles by Hans Morgenthau (2 folders)
1942-1968, n.d.

Box 106: folder 8-9
Museum and exhibition catalogs
1932, 1971, n.d.

Box 106: folder 10
The New Yugoslav Law: Bulletin on Law and Legislation in the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia: VI (1-3) (1955); VII (1) (1956); IX (2) (1958) ;X (1-2) (1959), XIII (3-4) (1962); ...Bulletin on Law and Legislation in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: XVI (1-4) (1965); XVII (1-4) (1966); XVIII (1-4) (1967).
1959-1967

Box 107: folder 10
"Europe wants freedom from shame," G.A. Borgese (originally filed with pamphlets on "Peace and Reconstruction")
n.d.

Box OS4: folder 9
Map of the Pacific Battlefield, Time Magazine
1941 Dec 15

Box OS8: folder 9
Series 2: Piroska (Rona) Loewenstein



Piroska Rona was born in Hungary on September 22, 1900. Little information about her life exists in the collection, although she appears to have been living in Munich in 1933. Her marriage to Loewenstein in November, 1933, was her second marriage. Shortly thereafter, they emigrated to the United States. From 1936 on, they made their home in Amherst and at a second home in Dover, Vermont. Because of KL's poor eyesight, Piri (as she was known to family and friends) became the driver in the family. She accompanied Loewenstein on most or all of his frequent trips abroad. She appears to have made a favorable impression, as Loewenstein's correspondents frequently asked after her warmly. She became a U.S. citizen in 1939. Piri cared for Loewenstein's mother, Mathilda, after she came to live with them in Amherst in 1935. The extensive scrapbook describing Loewenstein's career appears to have been her work. There is some evidence that her mother, Malvina, came to live with the Loewensteins in 1946. Piroska Loewenstein died on April 10, 1979.

Additional Hungarian newspapers are located in Boxes 82-83 and in oversize boxes. Two illustrated books (Öt év ! , Athaeneum [1950] and Magyarorszag utikony, Budapest: 1955) have been transferred to the rare book collection.

Correspondence - To Karl Loewenstein (written on verso of 1917 letter by a different author)
1933 Apr

Box 108: folder 1
Correspondence (in Hungarian)
1941, n.d.

Box 108: folder 2
Correspondence (in English, German, and Spanish)
1933-1961, n.d.

Box 108: folder 3
Correspondence (in English, German, and French)
1973-1976, n.d.

Box 108: folder 4
Correspondence re: Thomas Mann letters
1977

Box 108: folder 5
List of sheet music owned by the Loewensteins
1976, n.d.

Box 108: folder 6
Correspondence re: Sale of sheet music
1963-1976, n.d.

Box 108: folder 7
Clippings, photocopies, printed material
1937-1940, 1962, n.d.

Box 108: folder 8
Embroidery and lace making patterns, poster
n.d.

Box 108: folder 9
Hungarian newspaper clippings
1941-1962, n.d.

Box 108: folder 10
Maps and brochures - Hungary
n.d.

Box 108: folder 11
Almanacs, commemorative calendar (in Hungarian)
1948-1968

Box 108: folder 12
Books (in Hungarian)
1938-1956, n.d.

Box 108: folder 13
Books (in English and German, about Hungary) (2 folders)
1931-1966, n.d.

Box 108: folder 14-15
Hungarian Newspapers
1938, 1962

Box OS3: folder 3
Hungarian Newspapers
1949

Box OS7: folder 1-2
Series 3: Otto Loewenstein Collection



Scope and content:

Otto Loewenstein was born in Ellwangen, Germany on 12 March 1859, to Leopold and Elise (Lebrecht) Löwenstein. The second of twelve children-Leopold Lowenstein remarried in 1871, after the death of his first wife-Otto attended Gymnasium in Stuttgart and apprenticed at a manufacturing firm in Frankfurt. In 1879 he began work for the firm of Raff and Sons in Munich, whose proprietors were maternal relatives. In the 1880's, he began producing steins and decorative metalware in his own factory. In 1886 he married Mathilda Oppenheimer and they had three sons: Alfred (1887), Karl (1891), and Robert (1896). Robert died in 1926. Otto Loewenstein lived in Munich until shortly before his death in 1935. He wrote a short memoir and kept a World War I (homefront) diary, both of which are in the collection. He shared with Lyonel Feininger, a frequent visitor to the Loewensteins' home in Munich, a passion for model train building. See Series 1, Subseries K (Collections) for the single train in the collection. The family documents and photographs that were among Karl Loewenstein's papers appear to have been collected by Otto, and they are filed here.

Arrangement:

Approximate chronological order.

Note:
Autograph album -Salomon Löwenstein
1822-1824

Box 108: folder 16
From autograph album - Salomon Löwenstein
n.d.

Box 108: folder 17
Correspondence, Teaching appointment, sermons - Salomon Löwenstein
1826-1834, n.d.

Box 108: folder 18
Correspondence, contract, book inventory - Salomon Löwenstein
1848-1867, n.d.

Box 108: folder 19
Certificates, clippings, speech - Leopold Löwenstein (includes an undated copy of a typed transcript of the speech)
1853-1878

Box 108: folder 20
Correspondence - Leopold Löwenstein to Heinrich Lebrecht
1858

Box 108: folder 21
Loan Contract - Gabriel Lebrecht and Leopold Löwenstein
1857-1875

Box 108: folder 22
Trousseau - Elise Lebrecht
n.d.

Box 108: folder 23
Oval framed portrait [watercolor or painting over a photograph ?], of Leopold Löwenstein and Elise [Lebrecht] Löwenstein, parents of Otto Loewenstein
n.d.

Box OS6: folder 23
Correspondence - Elise (Lebrecht) Löwenstein, Leopold Löwenstein
1863-1871

Box 108: folder 24
Correspondence, death notice - Bertha Lebrecht
1892, 1893

Box 108: folder 25
Correspondence - Henrietta Löwenstein to Otto Loewenstein
1884-1887[?]

Box 108: folder 26
Correspondence -David Raff, Salomon and Henrietta Löwenstein, unidentified senders
1881-1896

Box 108: folder 27
Will (Testament) Leopold Löwenstein
1900 Apr 8

Box 108: folder 28
Correspondence and Agreements - Dispute over will of Leopold Löwenstein
1904-1935

Box 108: folder 29
Correspondence - To Karl Loewenstein
1907-1909, n.d.

Box 108: folder 30
Correspondence - To Karl Loewenstein
1910-1917

Box 108: folder 31
Correspondence - To Karl Loewenstein
1932-1933

Box 108: folder 32
Correspondence
1909-1924

Box 108: folder 33
Calendars (with genealogical information), Account book
1886-1927

Box 108: folder 34
Otto Loewenstein - Final wishes, list of family heirlooms, announcement of retirement, certificate from the Leipzig Fair
1922-1932, .n.d.

Box 108: folder 35
Memoir
1934

Box 108: folder 36
Otto Loewenstein - World War I diary. Six handwritten volumes. The covers of volumes five and six are fused.
1914 Aug 15-1919 Apr 22

Box 109: folder 36
Series 4: Mathilda (Oppenheimer) Loewenstein



Scope and content:

Karl Loewenstein's mother, Mathilda Oppenheimer, was born on 28 June, 1867, in Munich, daughter of Abraham and Charlotte Oppenheimer. She married Otto Loewenstein in 1886 and bore three sons, Alfred, Karl, and Robert. She came to live with Karl and Piroska Loewenstein in Amherst in 1935-36, after the death of her husband. She obtained U.S. citizenship in 1944. Mathilda Loewenstein died in September, 1946, shortly after Karl Loewenstein's return from Germany and his work for the U.S. Office of Military Government. The collection includes a selection of her school records, correspondence to Karl Loewenstein written between 1908 and 1941, a will and notes to her children expressing final wishes, and writings about her pet bulldog.

Note:
Mathilda (Oppenheimer) Loewenstein - Genealogical data
n.d.

Box 110: folder 1
Mathilda Oppenheimer - School Records
1873-1875

Box 110: folder 2
Correspondence - to Karl Loewenstein
1908-1917, n.d.

Box 110: folder 3
Correspondence - to Karl Loewenstein
1932-1941

Box 110: folder 4
Chronicle of the final weeks of Otto Loewenstein's life
1935

Box 110: folder 5
Finances - Correspondence, statements, and notes
1936-1940

Box 110: folder 6
Correspondence, Correspondent lists
1908, 1946, n.d.

Box 110: folder 7
Correspondence - to Alfred Loewenstein
1941

Box 110: folder 8
Citizenship materials
1933-1944, n.d.

Box 110: folder 9
"Bescheid über die Judenvermögensabgabe" and Bank transfer
1939-1940

Box 110: folder 10
Clippings, notes, brochure
1939-1945

Box 110: folder 11
Wills and farewell letter, receipts
1937 Nov-1946 Aug

Box 110: folder 12
"Bully und Ich", "Botschaft vom Einzigen Bully" (essays) - Loewenstein, Mathilda (Oppenheimer)
1939-1942

Box 110: folder 13

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • American Law Institute.
  • Amherst College -- Faculty
  • Arndt, Adolf, 1904-1974.
  • Brain drain--Germany--History--20th century.
  • Constitutional history--Japan--Sources.
  • Crusius, Otto, 1857-1918.
  • Denazification--History--Sources.
  • Emergency Advisory Committee for Political Defense.
  • Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced German Scholars.
  • European Defense Community.
  • Feininger, Julia.
  • Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956.
  • Germany (Territory under Allied occupation, 1945-1955: U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Legal Division.
  • Human rights - History.
  • Japan--Politics and government--1945-.
  • Jennings, Ivor, Sir, 1903-1965.
  • Laski, Harold Joseph, 1893-1950.
  • Latin America -- Politics and government -- Sources.
  • Maier, Reinhold, 1889-1971.
  • Mann, Thomas, 1875-1955.
  • Maunz, Theodor, 1901-1993.
  • Mommsen, Konrad.
  • Political science -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts -- Amherst.
  • Reconstruction (1939-1951)--Germany--Sources.
  • Reinach, Julien, 1992-1962.
  • United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.
  • Universität München. Juristische Fakultät.
  • Walser, Karl (Regierungspr¤sident).
  • Weber, Marianne, 1870-1954.
  • Weber, Max, 1864-1920.
  • World politics -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Massachusetts - Amherst.

Contributors
  • Loewenstein, Karl, 1891-1973.


Material Transferred to Other Collections

The following books from the collection were cataloged and transferred to the Amherst College Rare Book Collection. In each case, a note in the catalog record indicates that Karl Loewenstein was the former owner.

  • Anon. Der Phönix 1947. Ein Almanach für junge Menschen. Berlin-Wannsee, 1947.
  • Bense, Max. Über Leibniz: Leibniz und seine Ideologie ; Der Geistige Mensch und Die Technik. Zeugnisse europäischen Geistes, Heft 1. Jena: Karl Rauch, 1946.
  • Boldizsar, Ivan. Magyarorszag utikonyv. Budapest: 1955.
  • Boldt, Gerhard. Die Letzten Tage der Reichskanzlei. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1947.
  • Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Auf dem Wege zur Freiheit, Gedichte aus Tegel. Berlin, Verlag Haus und Schule, 1946.
  • Dangl, Hanns. Der Geist der Zeit. München, R. Pflaum, 1946.
  • Dietrich, Hermann. Auf der Suche nach Deutschland. Probleme zur Geistigen, Politischen und Wirtschaftlichen Erneuerung Deutschlands. Hamburg: Hans von Hugo, 1946.
  • Ebbinghaus, Julius. Zu Deutschlands Schicksalswende. Frankfurt am Main: V. Klostermann, 1947.
  • Frankenberg, Richard Alexander. Fatum und Freiheit, eine Vivisektion. Stuttgart: Rowohlt, 1946.
  • Gersbach, Robert. Strafgesetzbuch für Das Deutsche Reich: Erl. Textausgabe. Mit e. Ausführl. Sachreg. nebst Einführungsgesetz u.d.. Wichtigsten Nebengesetzen u.. Militärstrafgesetzbuch / Zirpins, Walter. Berlin: Kameradschaft, 1943.
  • Hagen, Paul. Erobert, Nicht Befreit!: Das Dt. Volk im Ersten Besatzungsjahr. Schriftenreihe für ein demokratisches Deutschland, 1. New York: 1946.
  • Haller, Hermann. Herman Haller. [Recklinghausen: Graphische Kunstanstalt Aurel Bongers, 1971]. [Catalog of an exhibition held at the Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum in Duisburg, Oct. 17-Nov. 29, 1970, the Städtisches Museum Braunschweig, Dec. 17-Feb. 27, 1971, and the Kunsthalle Bremen, Apr. 11-May 23, 1971.]
  • Haushofer, Albrecht. Moabiter Sonette. 1945.
  • Hausmann, Manfred. Füreinander, Gedichte. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 1946.
  • Heine, Heinrich. Freundschafts Lieder. London: T.N. Foulis, [1911].
  • Hesse, Hermann. Der Europäer. Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1946.
  • Hiller, Kurt. Geistige Grundlagen eines Schöpferischen Deutschlands der Zukunft: Rede zu Hamburg Am 31. Mai 1947 Auf Einladung des Kulturrats der Hansestadt. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1947.
  • Holzamer, Karl. Grundfragen des Neuzeitlichen Humanismus.Mainzer Universitäts-Reden, no. 4. Mainz, F. Kupferberg, 1947.
  • Hylander, Franz Josef. Universalismus und Föderalismus als Erbe und Aufgabe des Christlichen Abendlandes und des Deutschen Volkes. Das andere Deutschland, Beiträge zum geistigen Wiederaufbau des Abendlandes und zum Kulturschaffen der Welt, Bd. 2: Zur Kulturkatastrophe des Abendlandes, T. 1. München: Schnell und Steiner, 1946.
  • The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Fenway Court. Boston: D.B. Updike, the Merrymont Press, 1932.
  • [Kaiser, Jacob]. Der Soziale Staat: Reden und Gedanken. Wege in die neue Zeit, Nr. 2. Berlin: Union-Verlag, 1946.
  • Kautsky, Karl. Der Parlamentarismus, die Volksgesetzgebung, und die Sozialdemokratie. Stuttgart, J.H. W. Dietz, 1893.
  • Kraus, Herbert. Der Auswärtige Dienst des Deutschen Reiches (Diplomatie und Konsularwesen). Edited by Dr. jur. Herbert Kraus. Berlin. Verlag von G. Stilke, 1932.
  • Lachmann, Volkmar. Das Jahr des Jünglings. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 1947.
  • Laun, Rudolf. Reden und Aufsätze zum Völkerrecht und Staatsrecht. Hamburg: Hansischer Gildenverlag, 1947.
  • Leibbrand, Robert. Buchenwald: Ein Tatsachenbericht zur Geschichte der Deutschen Widerstandsbewegung. Dokumente des Bösen, 2. Stuttgart: Europa-Verlag, 1945.
  • Lernet-Holenia, Alexander. Germanien. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 1946.
  • Lesnik, S. M. Was hat Preußen Deutschland Gegeben?: Deutscher Imperialismus und Preußentum. Berlin: Verlag der Sowjetischen Militärverwaltung in Deutschland, 1946.
  • Litt, Theodor. Geschichte und Verantwortung: Ein Vortrag, Gehalten bei der Eröffnung der Leipziger Ortsgruppe des Kulturbundes zur Demokratischen Erneuerung Deutschlands. Weisbaden: Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1947.
  • Lortzing, Albert, Bearb. Der Wildschütz: Komische Oper in 3 Aufz. nach Kotzebue Frei ; Vollst. Buch. Reclams Universal-Bibliothek, 2760. Leipzig: Reclam, 1942.
  • Luxemburg, Rosa. Briefe aus dem Gefängnis. Internationale Jugendbibliothek, 10. Berlin: J.H.W. Dietz Nachf, 1946.
  • Memorandum of the Italian government on the situation in Abyssinia. Parts I and II. n.d. [Rome?, 1935].
  • Müller-Meiningen, Ernst. Die Parteigenossen: [Betrachtungen und Vorschläge zur Lösung des "Naziproblems"]. Europäische Dokumente; 2. München: Zinnen-Verl. Desch, 1946.
  • Mugdan, Ernst. Die Neutralität Deutschlands und der Friede: Beiträge zur Bildung einer Öffentlichen Meinung in Deutschland. Schriften der Heidelberger Aktionsgruppe zur Demokratie und zum freien Sozialismus, 2. Heidelberg: Schneider, 1947.
  • Näf, Werner. Wesen und Aufgabe der Universität: Denkschrift im Auftrag d. Senates d. Univ. Bern. Bern: Herbert Lang, 1950.
  • Öt év ! Athaeneum [1950].
  • Pannwitz, Rudolf. Der Friede. Nürnberg: H. Carl, 1950.
  • Pechel, Rudolf. Deutschenspiegel. Zeitpolitisches Archiv. Berlin: Wedding-Verlag, 1946.
  • Peters, Hans. Zwischen Gestern und Morgen; Betrachtungen zur Heutigen Kulturlage. Berlin: Springer, 1946.
  • Petwaidic, Walter. Die Autoritäre Anarchie; Streiflichter des Deutschen Zusammenbruchs. Hamburg, Hoffmann und Campe, 1946.
  • Röpke, Wilhelm. Die Deutsche Frage. Erlenbach-Zürich: E. Rentsch, 1945.
  • Reger, Erik. Zwei Jahre nach Hitler: Fazit 1947 und Versuch eines Konstruktiven Programms aus der Zwangsläufigen Entwicklung. Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1947.
  • Reidemeister, Kurt. Über Freiheit und Wahrheit. Kleine Broschüren-Reihe. Berlin: C. Habel, 1947.
  • Schönke, Adolf. Einführung in die Rechtswissenschaft. Karlsruhe: C.F. Müller, 1948.
  • Schmidt, K. Der Neue Kampf um Freiheit: Briefe und Dokumente Berliner Sozialisten. Schriftenreihe für ein Demokratisches Deutschland, no. 2. [New York]: American Association for a Democratic Germany, 1946.
  • Schneider, Reinhold. Fausts Rettung. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 1946.
  • ---. Macht und Gewissen in Shakespeares Tragödie. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 1947.
  • The´a^tre Re´jane. Program for L'oiseau bleu: Fe´erie en cinq actes et dix tableaux, by Maurice Maeterlinck. Paris: Willy Fischer, n.d.
  • Theunissen, Gert H. Ärgernis und Zuversicht: Entscheidungen des Geistes im XX. Jahrhundert: Essays. Berlin: Minerva, 1947.
  • Thukydides. Geschichte des Peloponnesischen Krieges. Zweiter Teil. Fünftes bis achtes Buch,. Übertragen von Theodor Braun. Leipzig, Im Insel Verlag, n.d.
  • Valéry, Paul. Rede zu Ehren Goethes. Zeugnisse europäischen Geistes, Heft 2. Jena, K. Rauch, 1947.
  • Zuckmayer, Karl. Carlo Mierendorff: Porträt eines Deutschen Sozialisten. Berlin: Suhrkamp-Verl, 1944.

The following items were transferred to the Amherst College Library, circulating collection:

  • Adolf Koelsch, Hände und was sie sagen: 64 Bilder, Schaubucher 11.Zürich: O. Füssli, 1929.

Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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