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Joseph B. Eastman (AC 1904) Papers, 1837-1960 (Bulk: 1904-1944)
34 records storage boxes; 62 archives boxes; 2 half archives boxes; 8 oversize boxes, and 2 tape boxes (84 linear ft.)

Abstract:
Correspondence, diaries, diplomas, newspaper clippings, photographs, speeches, reports, miscellaneous printed matter and memorabilia chiefly documenting Eastman's 25-year career in the U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), 1919-1944, as well as memorabilia and other materials related to Eastman's personal life.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Joseph B. Eastman (AC 1904) Papers for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Joseph B. Eastman (AC 1904) Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Amherst, MA

Biographical Note

Born at Katonah, N.Y., on June 26, 1882, Joseph Bartlett Eastman was the son of a Presbyterian minister, Rev. John Huse Eastman, and Lucy (King) Eastman. He received a B.A. from Amherst College in 1904 and was then accepted as a fellow at the South End House in Boston, position that would launch him on a lifelong career as a public servant. In 1905, Eastman was appointed by later U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis the secretary of the Public Franchise League. While in that position, he fought against attempts by the Boston Elevated Railway to gain control of the city's subway system. In 1907, Eastman enrolled in the Boston University Law School, but dropped out after two years. He worked for the Public Franchise League until 1913, when he resigned in order to act as counselor for various Street Railway employees' organizations.

Two years later, Eastman became a member of the Massachusetts Public Service Commission where he worked until President Woodrow Wilson nominated him to the Interstate Commerce Commission in late 1918. The ICC was an independent agency of the U.S. government which regulated the operation of railroads, trucking companies, bus lines, freight forwarders, water carriers, oil pipelines, transportation brokers, and express agencies engaged in transportation between states. By appointment of President Franklin Roosevelt, Eastman also served the office of Federal Coordinator of Transportation from 1933 to 1936 and was Director of Defense Transportation from 1942 to 1944.

Joseph B. Eastman earned the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from Amherst (1926) and Dartmouth (1941). He was elected a trustee of Amherst College in 1940. He never married and lived with his sister Elizabeth Eastman until his death in 1944.

JOSEPH B. EASTMAN: CHRONOLOGY
June 26, 1882Joseph B. Eastman is born at Katonah, NY
1904Graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Amherst College
1904-1905South End House fellowship, Boston, MA
1905Appointed Secretary of the Public Franchise League, Boston, MA
1907-1908Studied at Boston University Law School
1912-1913Responsible for the Boston Elevated Railway Report
1913Serves on the Massachusetts Public Service Commission
Dec. 19, 1918Nominated by Pres. Wilson to the Interstate Commerce Commission
1926Appointed Chairman of the ICC
1926Awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by Amherst College
1930Appointed Chairman of the ICC Legislative Committee
1933Nominated by Pres. Roosevelt Federal Coordinator of Transportation
1934Delivered the address to the Senior Class of Amherst College at Commencement
1940Elected Amherst College Trustee
1941Appointed by Pres. Roosevelt Director of Defense Transportation
March 15, 1944Dies at the age of 62
June 1944Liberty Ship named in Eastman's honor by the Maritime Commission
March 1945Bronze portrait bust of Eastman presented to the ICC by the Association of ICC Practitioners of Washington
1945Joseph B. Eastman Foundation is created
1952Joseph B. Eastman: Servant of the People, a biography by Claude Fuess, is published in New York
Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Joseph B. Eastman (AC 1904) Papers cover chiefly the period 1898-1944 and offer a valuable picture of Eastman's 25-year career in the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC). His professional papers include extensive correspondence, speeches, transcripts of hearings and extensive sets of ICC reports. It also includes family correspondence, diaries, photographs, clippings and memorabilia related to Eastman's personal life. The collection also includes letters, notes and manuscript drafts related to Claude Moore Fuess's biography of Eastman.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Joseph B. Eastman (AC 1904) Papers for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Joseph B. Eastman (AC 1904) Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

[Identification of item], in Joseph B. Eastman (AC 1904) Papers [Box #, Folder #], Amherst College Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library.

History of the Collection

The materials in this collection came from a wide variety of sources over time. The first records seem to have been provided by the Joseph Eastman Foundation not long after Eastman's death in 1944. A significant amount of correspondence, personal files and printed matter was subsequently sent by his sister Elizabeth Eastman to Amherst College in 1953. Additional materials have come from donations made by Frances S. Shine (whose mother was Eastman's first cousin) in 1958, and by Mr. Rufus Lisle in 1994.

Processing Information

The records donated by Elizabeth Eastman were previously organized by subject and accompanied by an index card file prepared by her. In this case, the original order of the records was maintained, but all of the remaining materials in the collection were rearranged during processing.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
PO Box 5000
Amherst, MA 01002-5000

Phone: (413) 542-2299
Fax: (413) 542-2692

Email Reference Form: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives/askus
URL: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives
Language
English

Contents List
Series 1: CORRESPONDENCE,
1917-1944


Incoming and outgoing correspondence, chiefly professional, by or about Joseph B. Eastman. The letters were filed as loose sheets or bound volumes according to their original format, and arranged in chronological order. Unidentified correspondence can be found at the end of the series. For family correspondence, see Series 4.

Subseries: General



1917 Oct 24 -1920 Jun 30

Box 1
1920 Jul 1 - 1922 Jul 31

Box 2
1922 Aug 1 - 1924 Oct 14

Box 3
1924 Oct 15 - 1926 Sep 20

Box 4
1926 Sep 21 - 1928 Jan 31

Box 5
1928 Feb 1 - 1929 Jan 29

Box 6
1929 Jul 1 - 1931 Jan 27

Box 7
1931 Feb 2 - 1932 Jul 14

Box 8
1932 Jul 14 - 1933 Jul 20

Box 9
1933 Jul 21 - 1933 Sep 30

Box 10
1933 Oct 1 - 1934 Jan 3

Box 11
1934 Jan 4 - 1934 Mar 14

Box 12
1934 Mar 15 - 1934 Jun 18

Box 13
1934 Jun 19 - 1935 Jan 11

Box 14
1935 Jan 11 - 1935 Jul 5

Box 15
1935 Mar 14 - 1935 Dec 15

Box 16
1935 Dec 17 - 1936 Sep 30

Box 17
1936 Oct 1 - 1937 Jul 22

Box 18
1937 Jul 22 - 1938 May 31

Box 19
1938 Jun 1 - 1939 May 15

Box 20
1939 May 15 - 1940 Feb 23

Box 21
1940 Feb 26 - 1940 Dec 31

Box 22
1941 Jan 2 - 1941 Oct 31

Box 23
1941 Nov 1 - 1944 Apr 29

Box 24
Subseries: Letter books



1918 Apr 3 - 1920 Apr 23

Box 25
1920 Apr 23 - 1921 Apr 6

Box 26
1921 Apr 6 - 1922 Feb 2

Box 27
1922 Feb 4 - 1923 Mar 31

Box 28
1923 Mar 31 - 1923 Nov 28

Box 29
1923 Nov 28 - 1924 Dec 4

Box 30
1924 Dec 4 - 1926 Aug 23

Box 31
1926 Aug 24 - 1926 Dec 21

Box 32
1927 Sep 26 - 1928 Jan 10

Box 33
1929 Mar 23 - 1930 Dec 11

Box 34
1930 Dec 12 - 1931 May 18

Box 35
1931 Oct 10 - 1933 Jan 23

Box 36
1933 Jan 24 - 1933 Apr 27

Box 37
1933 Jun 26 - 1933 Aug 12

Box 38
1933 Aug 12 - 1933 Nov 13

Box 39
1933 Nov 13 - 1934 Feb 24

Box 40
1934 Feb 24 - 1934 Mar 21

Box 41
1934 Mar 28 - 1934 Oct 29

Box 42
1934 Oct 19 - 1935 Jan 23

Box 43
1935 Jan 18 - 1935 May 24

Box 44
1935 May 24 - 1935 Dec 30

Box 45
1935 Oct 4 - 1936 Feb 27

Box 46
1936 Feb 29 - 1936 Jul 20

Box 47
1935 Dec 30 - 1936 Oct 6

Box 48
1936 Oct 7 - 1937 Jul 15

Box 49
1937 Jul 14 - 1937 Oct 15

Box 50
1937 Oct 15 - 1938 Jan 23

Box 51
1938 Jan 31 - 1938 Apr 15

Box 52
1938 Apr 15 - 1938 Jul 9

Box 53
1938 Jul 9 - 1939 Mar 9

Box 54
1939 Mar 9 - 1939 Jul 4

Box 55
1939 Jul 15 - 1939 Dec 15

Box 56
1939 Dec 15 - 1940 Apr 23

Box 57
1940 Apr 23 - 1940 Oct 9

Box 58
1940 Oct 9 - 1941 Jan 24

Box 59
1941 Jan 24 - 1941 Apr 23

Box 60
1941 Apr 23 - 1941 Jul 18

Box 61
1941 Jul 18 - 1941 Nov 14

Box 62
Series 2: SPEECHES,
1918-1944


Scope and content:

Addresses delivered by Joseph B. Eastman mostly as member of the Interstate Commerce Commission. Some of the speeches are bound in volumes and tagged by Eastman; others appear as loose sheets.

Arrangement:

Series arranged in chronological order.

Speeches by Joseph Eastman - bound volumes
1918-1941

Box 63
Speeches by Joseph Eastman - unbound transcripts
1919-1944

Box 64
Series 3: PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES,
1837-1944


Scope and content:

The majority of the records concerns Eastman's work in the Interstate Commerce Commission. Included are hearing transcripts, bills, memoranda, notes, and extensive sets of ICC reports (1920-1941) and Opinions written by Eastman (1919-1941).

Arrangement:

The series is organized according to the various positions held by him since graduation from Amherst College (see Chronology).

Sub-series A: General,
1901-1919


Public Franchise League - correspondence, notes, administrative documents, hearings, bills, cost assessments, and essays.
1901-1914

Box 65
Massachusetts Public Service Commission
1909-1919

Box 66
Pamphlet: "Peccavimus [We have sinned]: The Confessions of an Electric Railway Operator" by John A. Beeler (reprinted from Electric Railway Journal)
1918 Oct 26

Box 66
Pamphlet: "Non-Partisan Subway Primer for Voters, Homes, Clubs and Classes." Institute for Public Service, New York, N.Y.
1925

Box 66
Sub-series B: Boston Elevated Railroad,
1837-1933


Western Railroad Report
1837

Box 67: folder 1
Award of Board of Arbitration
1913 Jul 8

Box 67: folder 2
Brief: Boston Elevated vs. Boston Carmen's Union (file 1 of 3)
1913 Dec 6

Box 67: folder 3
Brief: Boston Elevated vs. Boston Carmen's Union (file 2 of 3)
1913 Dec 6

Box 67: folder 4
Argument of Fred Fray on behalf of Boston Carmen's Union (file 3 of 3)
1913 Dec 11-12-15

Box 67: folder 5
Middlesex/Boston St Railway Co. vs. Association of St. and Elec. Railway Employees of America - Argument of Joseph Eastman (file 1 of 3)
1914 May 23

Box 67: folder 6
Middlesex/Boston St Railway Co. vs. Association of St. and Elec. Railway Employees of America - Argument of Fred Fay (file 2 of 3)
1914 May 23

Box 67: folder 7
Brief: Middlesex/Boston St Railway Co. vs. Association of St. and Elec. Railway Employees of America (file 3 of 3)
1914 May 23

Box 67: folder 8
Printed statements
1927

Box 67: folder 9
Boston Elevated - Printed statements
1927

Box 67: folder 10
New England Railroad System
1905-1913

Box 67: folder 11
Eastern Electric Railroad Co.
1908-1909

Box 67: folder 12
Boston tunnel between North and South Stations
1910-1912

Box 67: folder 13
Boston Elevated - Hearings
1910-1911

Box 67: folder 14
Grand Trunk Railway
1912

Box 67: folder 15
Reports
1914-1926

Box 67: folder 16
Correspondence with the Massachusetts House of Representatives
1928-1930

Box 67: folder 17
Annual report
1929

Box 67: folder 18
Boston Elevated Railroad Bills
1913-1919

Box 67: folder 19
Boston Elevated Railroad Bills
1920-1923

Box 67: folder 20
Boston Elevated Railroad Bills
1924-1927

Box 67: folder 21
Boston Elevated Railroad Bills
1928

Box 67: folder 22
Boston Elevated Railroad Bills
1928-1929

Box 67: folder 23
Boston Elevated Railroad Bills
1931-1933

Box 67: folder 24
Sub-series C: Interstate Commerce Commission,
1901-1944


Interstate Commerce Commission (file 1 of 2)
1912-1944

Box 68
Interstate Commerce Commission (file 2 of 2)
1919-1944

Box 69
ICC Railroads - materials about federal control and proposals for the consolidation of New England railroads
1919-1941

Box 70
U.S. Supreme Court decisions (I)
1918-1932

Box 71
U.S. Supreme Court decisions (II)
1933-1941

Box 72
Office of Defense Transportation
1941-1944

Box 73
ICC miscellaneous statements
1933-1936

Box 74
Reports
1920-1932

Box 75
Reports
1933-1934

Box 76
Reports
1934-1935

Box 77
Reports (I)
1935

Box 78
Reports (II)
1935

Box 79
Reports (III)
1935

Box 80
Reports
1935-1936

Box 81
Labor reports
1935-1936

Box 82
Labor reports
1936

Box 83
Reports
1936-1941

Box 84
Reports (JBE as Federal Commissioner of Transportation)
1932-1936

Box OS-85
Reports (JBE as Federal Commissioner of Transportation), oversize railroad maps and statistics
1932-1936

Box OS-86
Opinions by Joseph B. Eastman - vols.1-4
1919 Mar-1923 Jun

Box 87
Opinions by Joseph B. Eastman - vols. 5-8
1923 Jul-1926 Dec

Box 88
Opinions by Joseph B. Eastman - vols. 9-12
1926 Dec-1929 May

Box 89
Opinions by Joseph B. Eastman - vols. 13-16
1929 Apr-1931 Jun

Box 90
Opinions by Joseph B. Eastman - vols. 17-18
1929 Apr-1931 Jun

Box 91
Opinions by Joseph B. Eastman - vol. 19
1929 Feb-Nov

Box 92
Separate opinions by Joseph B. Eastman
1919-1941

Box 93
Series 4: BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIAL,
1898-1960


Records which belonged to both Joseph Eastman and his sister Elizabeth. Here is filed the early correspondence between Joseph Eastman and his family; records about his time at Amherst College, diaries, photographs, and memorabilia. All of the materials collected by Elizabeth after his brother's death can be found in subseries A and F, including obituaries, eulogies, condolence letters sent to her, photographs of the Liberty Ship Joseph Eastman (WWII), and seven copies of a scrapbook with news clippings about Joseph Eastman's death and legacy. The sources used by Claude Fuess (AC 1905) to write the biography Joseph B. Eastman: Servant of the People were kept separately in subseries D. Among the newspaper clippings in subseries E, there is a copy of a cartoon indicating Wall Street's reaction to Justice Brandeis nomination for the Supreme Court which used to hang in Joseph Eastman's home. Subseries F contains various oversize materials, including diplomas, railroad maps, portraits, and an inscribed photo of Justice Brandeis given to Eastman in 1916.

Subseries A: Family correspondence and documents,
1898-1960


Correspondence with Rev. John H. Eastman (father)
1898-1947

Box 94: folder 1
Family correspondence
1899-1941

Box 94: folder 2
Correspondence with Elizabeth Eastman
1900-1954

Box 94: folder 3
Correspondence with Margaret I. King (cousin)
1902-1933

Box 94: folder 4
Correspondence with Elizabeth Smith (cousin)
1925-1943

Box 94: folder 5
Correspondence with Francis Smith Dugan (cousin)
1925-1942

Box 94: folder 6
Correspondence with Margaret Smith (cousin)
1932-1943

Box 94: folder 7
Correspondence with Lucy King (front page of a bible from 1859)
n.d.

Box 94: folder 8
Miscellaneous documents
1916-1943

Box 94: folder 9
Personal finances
1920s

Box 94: folder 10
The Social List of Washington D.C.
1940-1941

Box 94: folder 11
Elizabeth Eastman's miscellaneous photographs
n.d.

Box 94: folder 12
Joseph Eastman's estate papers
1944-1960

Box 94: folder 13
Dartmouth College
1941

Box 94: folder 14
Liberty Ship Joseph B. Eastman - photographs
1944

Box 94: folder 15
Draft of a biography of Joseph Eastman by the American Historical Company
1944

Box 94: folder 16
Memorial pamphlets
1940s

Box 94: folder 17
Obituaries
1944

Box 94: folder 18
Condolence letters to Elizabeth Eastman
1944-1954

Box 94: folder 19
Silver Anniversary Dinner (ICC)
1944 Feb

Box 94: folder 20
"A Token of friendship and Esteem to Joseph Eastman" - bound volume of letters compiled by the Associated Traffic Clubs of America
1944 Feb 24

Box 94: folder 21
Memorial service for Joseph Eastman adopted by the Traffic Club of Chicago
1944 Apr 10

Box 94: folder 22
ICC Practitioners Journal, n. 7, vol. 11 (4 copies)
1944 Apr

Box 94: folder 23
ICC minutes - Memorial service for Joseph B.Eastman
1944 Jul 11

Box 94: folder 24
Portrait bust of Joseph B. Eastman at the ICC
1945

Box 94: folder 25
Objects - 2 amber types, one-dollar coin and a Medal for Merit
n.d.

Box 94b
Subseries B: Diaries,
1905-1944


Diary
1905-1914

Box 95: folder 1
Diary
1910-1914

Box 95: folder 2
Diary
1915-1917

Box 95: folder 3
Notepads I, II, III
n.d.

Box 95: folder 4
Personal records book
1943

Box 95a: folder 1
Personal records book
1944

Box 95a: folder 2
Subseries C: Amherst College,
1900-1945


Room expenses record - Joseph Eastman's freshman year
1900-1901

Box 96: folder 1
Alumni Biographical Record - forms and clippings from local newspapers
1920-1945

Box 96: folder 2
Correspondence with Amherst College
1922-1945

Box 96: folder 3
Certificates and degrees
1926-1944

Box 96: folder 4
25th Reunion of the Class of 1904
1929

Box 96: folder 5
"The Amherst Illustrious," essay by Fayette B. Dow
1933

Box 96: folder 6
"Joseph Bartlett Eastman'04," essay by Stanley King
n.d.

Box 96: folder 7
Amherst College Trustees (file 1 of 2)
1940

Box 96: folder 8
Amherst College Trustees (file 2of 2)
1941-1943

Box 96: folder 9
Joseph B. Eastman Foundation
1945

Box 96: folder 10
Subseries D: Biography by Claude Fuess,
1905-1953


Miscellaneous material organized by Elizabeth Eastman, including a bibliographical card file, ICC records, interviews, and correspondence related to Claude Fuess' book (letters to Eastman's AC classmates)
1905-1950

Box 97
Miscellaneous photographs (file 1 of 2)
n.d.

Box 98: folder 1
Miscellaneous photographs (file 2 of 2)
n.d.

Box 98: folder 2
Calvin Coolidge - His first Biography, popular edition by R. M. Washburn
1924

Box 98: folder 3
Essays
1938-1952

Box 98: folder 4
Claude Fuess - General correspondence
1943-1953

Box 98: folder 5
Correspondence between Claude Fuess and Elizabeth Eastman
1948-1952

Box 98: folder 6
"J. B. Eastman - A Study in Public Service," essay by Claude Fuess
1948

Box 98: folder 7
Book draft
n.d.

Box 98: folder 8
Subseries E: News clippings,
1910-1960


Cartoons
n.d.

Box 99: folder 1
News clippings
1910-1929

Box 99: folder 2
News clippings
1930-1939

Box 99: folder 3
News clippings
1940-1960

Box 99: folder 4
Miscellaneous newspapers' photocopies
1910-1960

Box 99: folder 5
Subseries F: Objects and oversized items,
1915-1944


Joseph B. Eastman, 1886-1944 - scrapbook (4 copies)
1944

Box OS-100
Joseph B. Eastman, 1886-1944 (3 copies)
1944

Box OS-101
Diplomas and certificates
1915-1945

Box OS-102
"Council on Candy as Food in the War Effort," talk given by Joseph Eastman to NBC (2 vinyl LPs);1944 Feb
1943 May 2

Box OS-103
Framed portrait and photos
n.d.

Box OS-104
Pictures and portraits
1916-1944

Box OS-105

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Boston Elevated Railway Company.
  • Eastman, Joseph B. (Joseph Bartlett), 1882-1944.
  • Railroads, Elevated -- Massachusetts -- Boston.
  • Transportation -- United States.
  • United States. Interstate Commerce Commission.
  • United States. Office of Defense Transportation.
  • United States. Office of Defense Transportation.
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Transportation.

Contributors
  • Fuess, Claude Moore, 1885-1963


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