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Jeffery Amherst Collection, 1757-1874 1757-1797
2.25 Linear feet 3 flat oversize boxes, 1 archives box, 1 small media box 3 flat oversize boxes, 1 archives box, 1 small media box (2.25 linear ft.)
Collection number: MA.00196

Abstract:
Correspondence, portraits, news clippings, bills, and commemorative medals documenting Jeffery Amherst's career in the British Army. Correspondents include Thomas Hancock, Colonel John Bradstreet, Viscount William Barrington and Henry Dundas.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Jeffery Amherst Collection for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Jeffery Amherst Collection should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Amherst College Archives and Special Collections

Biographical Note

Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, was born at Riverhead, in the parish of Sevenoaks, Kent, England, on January 29, 1717. His career as a British soldier began in 1735 when, at the age of eighteen, he joined the First Regiment of Foot Guards as an ensign. While in Europe, Amherst fought in the War of Austrian Succession and, at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War in 1756 he confronted the French both in England and in Germany. In 1758, he was summoned back to England by Prime Minister William Pitt to take command of an army of over 11,000 men ordered to attack Louisburg, the great French stronghold in North America. As commander-in-chief of the British troops during the French and Indian War (1756-1763), Amherst led the conquest of Louisburg, Quebec City and Montréal. He also served as the nominal Governor of Virginia (1759-1768), and was the first British Governor General (1760-1763) in the territories that eventually became Canada. Jeffery Amherst left North America in 1763, and retreated to his property in Kent, Great Britain. In 1768, when King George III decided that all governors should reside in the Colonies, Amherst resigned as governor of Virginia, giving up his military commissions as well. Several months later he was given additional military commissions and 20,000 acres in New York and was appointed to the sinecure governorship of the island of Guernsey. He declined to command the British forces in New England during the American Revolution. In 1776 Amherst served as military adviser to the Cabinet and was made Baron Amherst of Holmesdale. After France entered the war in 1778, he was appointed commander of the military forces in England and was active in the suppression of the Gordon riots. At the beginning of 1793, in view of the approaching war with France in 1792, Amherst - though now 76 years of age - was recalled to active duty and appointed commander-in-chief with a seat in the cabinet. He retired again two years later.

Promoted field marshal as of 30 July 1796, Amherst died on 3 Aug. 1797. He was married twice, but left no descendants. In 1788, though, the title Baron Amherst of Montreal was conferred with a special remainder allowing the title to pass to his nephew, William Pitt Amherst. (It is in honor of General Amherst that the Town of Amherst, Massachusetts was named when it was incorporated in 1759; Amherst College derives its name from the town.)

[Sources used: "Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst." Encyclopedia Britannica Online, 2010. Web. 25 Jan. 2010 http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9035340; Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Web. 25 Jan. 2010 http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?BioId=35854. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Web. 29 Jan 2010 http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC]

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Jeffery Amherst Collection (bulk 1757-1797) consists chiefly of handwritten letters exchanged between Jeffery Amherst and British army officials or government authorities. It also contains engraved portraits of General Amherst, bills signed by him, newspaper clippings and a set of eight medals commemorating British war victories in North America. This collection complements the Plimpton Collection of French and Indian War Items, especially Series 1 (Lord Jeffery Amherst). Correspondents include Thomas Hancock, Colonel John Bradstreet, Viscount William Barrington and Henry Dundas.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Jeffery Amherst Collection for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Jeffery Amherst Collection should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation note

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

[Identification of item], in Jeffery Amherst Collection [Box #, Folder #], Amherst College Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library.

History of the Collection

The Jeffery Amherst Collection (1757-1797) was assembled in 2010 from materials either purchased by or donated to the Amherst College Library by alumni since the 1930s. Some of the letters are accompanied by transcriptions provided by their respective donors.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
PO Box 5000
Amherst, MA 01002-5000

Phone: (413) 542-2299
Fax: (413) 542-2692

Email Reference Form: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives/askus
URL: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives

Language
English
Related Archival Materials note
  • Amherst Papers
  • Plimpton Collection of French and Indian War Items, 1670-1934 (see especially Series 1, Lord Jeffery Amherst)
  • Town of Amherst Collection, 1845-
  • Non-Alumni Biographical Files - Amherst, Jeffery, Sir


Contents List
Series 1: Loose correspondence
1757-1797


Correspondence exchanged between Jeffery Amherst and British army officials or government authorities, with the exception of two letters authored by William Amherst. This series also contains a few engraved portraits of Jeffery Amherst, autographs, bills issued by the Office of Ordinance regarding provisions for troops, and newspaper clippings.

Note in French with a reference to Jeffery Amherst
1757

Box 1: folder 1
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Headquarters of Bulveldt) to Mr. Da Costa
1757 Jun 5

Box 1: folder 2
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Bostehude) to Mr. Da Costa
1758 Jan 2

Box 1: folder 3
Three letters with transcriptions from William Amherst (St. James Place) to Mrs. Amherst (Jeffery's wife)
1758

Box 1: folder 4
Document signed by George Milton, attesting his position as a soldier of a regiment commanded by Jeffery Amherst
1759 May 24

Box 1: folder 5
Note from General James Wolfe to Jeffery Amherst (Duquesne) and three engravings of Wolfe's death
1759 Jun

Box 1: folder 6
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Thomas Hancock accompanied by a portrait of Amherst engraved for the Universal Magazine, London
1760 Feb 3

Box 1: folder 7
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Governor Hamilton
1760 Feb 21

Box 1: folder 8
Commission of John Christopher as Lieutenant of the Seventeenth Regiment of Foot signed by Jeffery Amherst (vellum document) - with transcription
1760 Sep 18

Box 1: folder 9
Order signed by Jeffery Amherst commanding 14 Canadians to return from Crown Point to St. John's.
1760 Oct 16

Box 1: folder 10
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Thomas Hancock
1760 Dec 5

Box 1: folder 11
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Captain Rutherford
1761 Feb 6

Box 1: folder 12
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Thomas Hancock (Boston)
1761 Mar 28

Box 1: folder 13
Order for payment of William Johnson, "his Majesty's Sole Agent and Superintendent for the Affairs of the Northern Indians", signed by Jeffery Amherst (Albany)
1761 June 11

Box 1: folder 14
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Albany) to Thomas Hancock
1761 Jul 1

Box 1: folder 15
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Staaten Island) to Colonel Bradstreet
1761 Oct 4

Box 1: folder 16
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Staaten Island) to Colonel Bradstreet, regarding requisition of horses and other matters
1761 Oct 25

Box 1: folder 16A
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Colonel William Byrd - with transcription
1761 Dec 3

Box 1: folder 17
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to William Johnson regarding Indian lands and trading privileges at Niagara
1762 Feb 14

Box 1: folder 18
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Stephen Hopkins, Governor of Rhode Island
1762 Apr 25

Box 1: folder 19
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Captain Graves (ship Antelope)
1762 Aug 30

Box 1: folder 20
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Jeremiah Dyson about complaints made by victualling contractors - with transcription
1763 Apr 12

Box 1: folder 21
Record of a Massachusetts Bay Colony's session containing the reproduction of two letters from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Governor James Hamilton regarding attacks from Native Americans (printed page 45-46)
ca. 1763

Box 1: folder 22
Jeffery Amherst's signature and seal on envelope addressed to Eleazar Wheelock (Lebanon, CT)
1763 May 23

Box 1: folder 23
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Thomas Hancock (Boston)
1763 Jul 24

Box 1: folder 24
Photostatic copy of a letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to John Cruger, Mayor of the city of New York
1763 Aug 10

Box 1: folder 25
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) C. Jenkinson, Secretary to the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury in regard to the regiment destined to Florida and Louisiana
1763 Aug 13

Box 1: folder 26
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Colonel Bradstreet (Albany)
1763 Sep 3

Box 1: folder 27
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to C. Jenkinson - with transcription
1763 Oct 13

Box 1: folder 28
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (New York) to Thomas Hancock
1763 Nov 13

Box 1: folder 29
Grant of land from the colony of New York to Jeffery Amherst
1774 Jan 8

Box 1: folder 30
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Whitehall) to Mr. Sharpe.
1775 Jan 28

Box 1: folder 31
Edition of The New England Chronicle; or, Essex Gazette, vol. 7, n. 361, folio, 4 pp (reference to Jeffery Amherst)
1775 Jun 29

Box 1: folder 32
Jeffery Amherst (Whitehall) to Sir Grey Cooper
1775 Nov 23

Box 1: folder 33
Document from the office of Ordinance to Richard Veale, signed by Jeffery Amherst
1776 Oct 10

Box 1: folder 34
Order from the Office of Ordinance countersigned by Jeffery Amherst
1776 Nov 1

Box 1: folder 35
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Whitehall) to Viscount Barrington
1777 Jan 25

Box 1: folder 36
Photocopy of an engraving depicting "Montreal, the Seat of Lord Amherst," published in London
1777 May 1

Box 1: folder 37
Order from the Office of Ordinance countersigned by Jeffery Amherst
1777 May 22

Box 1: folder 38
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Whitehall) to Viscount Barrington
1777 Nov 28

Box 1: folder 39
Bill issued by the Office of Ordinance regarding provisions for troops. Signed by Jeffery Amherst.
1778 Jan 20

Box 1: folder 40
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Whitehall) to James Lowther, and portrait of Lord Amherst engraved by H. T. Hall from the original of Sir Joshua Reynolds, published in London (1837) - with transcription
1778 Sep 26

Box 1: folder 41
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Whitehall) to Mr. Doddington
1779 Nov 22

Box 1: folder 42
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Whitehall) to Lord Sandwich With transcription
1782 Jan 2

Box 1: folder 43
Caricature of Jeffery Amherst published by C. Bretherton
1782 Apr 6

Box 1: folder 44
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Montreal) to Henry Cowper
1787 Dec 23

Box 1: folder 45
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Lord George Sidney
1789 Jan 8

Box 1: folder 46
Commission of John Pritland Hollings, approved by the King and signed by Jeffery Amherst
1789 May 4

Box 1: folder 47
Letter from Jeffery Amherst to Colonel Kemble
1789 Jun 15

Box 1: folder 48
Document assigning supplies to troops in North America, including Jeffery Amherst's regiment, signed by George III-with transcription
1789 Jul 3

Box 1: folder 49
Three letters from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Sr. George Yonge
1790 Mar-Oct

Box 1: folder 50
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Sr. George Yonge
1791 Apr 1

Box 1: folder 51
Royal warrant of payment to Jeffery Amherst. Signed by King George III
1791 Jul 13

Box 1: folder 52
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Sir. George Yonge requesting a leave of absence for Ensign Pritchard
1792 Jan 12

Box 1: folder 53
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Sr. George Yonge - with transcription
1792 Feb 24

Box 1: folder 54
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (Montreal, Kent) to Henry Dundas
1792 Sep 13

Box 1: folder 55
7 engraved portraits of Jeffery Amherst
1792-1836

Box 1: folder 56
Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Sir George Yonge concerning the state of health of Ensign Clarke.
1793 Jan 15

Box 1: folder 57
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Lieutenant Eyre - with transcription
1793 Jul 6

Box 1: folder 58
Autograph manuscript from Jeffery Amherst to General Whyte
1793 Nov 9

Box 1: folder 59
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Henry Dundas
1794 Feb 22

Box 1: folder 60
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Henry Dundas
1794 May 17

Box 1: folder 61
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to Captain Colin Campbell - with transcription
1794 Oct 24

Box 1: folder 62
Letter from Jeffery Amherst (St. James Square) to General Small - with transcription
1796 Mar 16

Box 1: folder 63
William Amherst, 2nd Baron (Montreal) to John E. Van Alen (Kent, England) regarding an estate of 20,000 acres granted to his uncle Jeffery Amherst - with transcriptions
1797 Aug 30

Box 1: folder 64
Jeffery Amherst's signature
n.d.

Box 1: folder 65
Jeffery Amherst's signature - "Adieu for the present. Most affectionately yours, Amherst"
n.d.

Box 1: folder 66
Engraving entitled: "Montreal, Seat of Lord Amherst of Holmsdale"
n.d.

Box 1: folder 67
Engraved portrait of Jeffery Amherst after the original picture in the National Portrait Gallery. Published in London
1874

Box 1: folder 68
Series 2: Letter books
1742-1778


Three bound volumes of letters and battlefield orders written by Jeffery Amherst.

"Orders from the 28th of Oct 1742
1742-1743

Box 2
"Orders from Feb. 2. 1742/3 N:I: at Ghent. To July 20th: 1743 1742/3. N:I: both Days Inclusive, At the Camp of Hanay. N. 2"
1742-1743

Box 2
Letter book
1778

Box 2
Series 3: Medals
1758-1789


Eight bronze and silver medals commemorating the victories of the British Army in the wars in North America.

Bronze medal commemorating the successes of 1758
1758

Box 3
Bronze medal commemorating the successes of 1759
1759

Box 3
Silver medal commemorating the taking of Montreal in 1760
1760

Box 3
Bronze medal commemorating the taking of Montreal in 1760
1760

Box 3
Bronze medal commemorating victories in the West Indies and Newfoundland
1762

Box 3
Bronze medal commemorating successes of 1759
1759

Box 3
Bronze medal commemorating British-American victories
1758

Box 3
Bronze medal
1789

Box 3
Series 4: Portraits and Memorabilia
1792-1967


Contains news clippings about Lord Jeffery Amherst's participation in the French and Indian Wars, as well as copies of artistic portraits done chiefly in the eighteenth century.

"Catalogue of Rare & Valuable Books and Manuscripts from the Famous Amherst Library"
1911

Box 4: folder 1
Earl Amherst's pictures
1921

Box 4: folder 2
News clippings about the honors given to Jeffery Amherst in New York
1924-1958

Box 4: folder 3
Lord Jeffery Amherst Song
1928-1936

Box 4: folder 4
Jeffery Amherst's armchair - correspondence and news Clippings
1930s

Box 4: folder 5
Newspaper review about "The Journal of Jeffrey Amherst," edited by J. Clarence Webster
1932

Box 4: folder 6
Lord Jeffery Inn
1933

Box 4: folder 7
Check Written by Earl Amherst (Jeffery John Archer, Viscount of Holmesdale) for the Alumni Gym
1935-36

Box 4: folder 8
News clippings about Earl Amherst, including his visit to Amherst College in 1959
1937-1967

Box 4: folder 9
Article from the Springfield Republican about the song "Yankee Doodle"
1938 Feb 15

Box 4: folder 10
Towns in Nova Scotia and Burma
1941-1962

Box 4: folder 11
Jeffery Amherst's horse
1953 Aug 4

Box 4: folder 12
Amherst family chapel and Sevenoaks Church, Kent, England
1953-1964

Box 4: folder 13
Articles about Jeffery Amherst in History Today
1955, 1959

Box 4: folder 14
Cover of the Amherst Alumni News - Bicentennial Exhibit
1960 Jan

Box 4: folder 15
Sermon by Dr. Heuss about General Richard Montgomery
1960-61

Box 4: folder 16
Lady of Amherst Pheasant
1962-67

Box 4: folder 17
Article in the Daily Hampshire Gazette citing Jeffery Amherst's refusal to fight in American Revolution
1963 Apr 19

Box 4: folder 18
Sr. Jeffery Amherst Crown Point Inn, Sevenoaks, Kent
n.d.

Box 4: folder 19
Photograph of the Wellington Chapel, England, where there is a large tablet of Jeffery Amherst
n.d.

Box 4: folder 20
Fort Louisburg's restoration
n.d.

Box 4: folder 21
Newspaper articles about the French and Indian Wars
n.d.

Box 4: folder 22
Jeffery Amherst silver tea caddy set
n.d.

Box 4: folder 23
Transcriptions of journal articles about Jeffery Amherst
n.d.

Box 4: folder 24
Amherstia Nobilis (flowering tree in Burma)
n.d.

Box 4: folder 25
Advertisement of a biography of Jeffery Amherst by Lawrence Shaw Mayo
n.d.

Box 4: folder 26
Amherst family genealogy
n.d.

Box 4: folder 27
Photographs of Amherst's Montreal property at Sevenoaks, Kent, England
n.d.

Box 4: folder 28
Emblems of the Order of Bath
n.d.

Box 4: folder 29
Engraved portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by C. Warren
1792 May 7

Box 5: folder 1
Engraved portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by J. Chapman
1800

Box 5: folder 2
Portrait of William Pitt Amherst, Earl Amherst, painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence. Signed by Earl Amherst
1829

Box 5: folder 3
Menu of the Annual Dinner of the Amherst Association of New York featuring a sketch of Lord Jeffery Amherst by C. Bretherton (1782) on the cover
1909 Feb 19

Box 5: folder 4
News clippings
1909-1965

Box 5: folder 5
Menu of the Annual Dinner of the Amherst Association of New York featuring an engraved portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst on the cover
1911 Feb 10

Box 5: folder 6
Materials about the project of the Amherst College Alumni Association to erect an equestrian statue of Lord Jeffery Amherst on campus, including pictures of the plaster models made by sculptors Bela L. Pratt and Sidney Waugh
1913

Box 5: folder 7
The Spur magazine featuring the portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by Joseph Blackburn on the cover
1923 Nov 15

Box 5: folder 8
The Amherst Lord Jeff
1924 Jun

Box 5: folder 9
Advertisement of "Lord Jeff '29," published in the Boot and Shoe Recorder
1928 Feb 11

Box 5: folder 10
Newspaper reviews of Jeffery Amherst's biography by C.J. Long
1933

Box 5: folder 11
News clippings about the portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by Thomas Gainsborough (1785) presented to Amherst College by Ms. George Pratt
1940

Box 5: folder 12
Portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by Thomas Gainsborough published in Vermont Life
1948

Box 5: folder 13
"The Amherst Family Portraits," booklet of an exhibition held at the Mead Art Museum, Amherst College
1967 Oct/Nov

Box 5: folder 14
Portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by Walker
n.d.

Box 5: folder 15
"The Cautious Commander," reproduction of a portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst and Ms. P_T (1778) by T. Walker
n.d.

Box 5: folder 16
Portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst engraved for the Universal Magazine by Aliamet
n.d.

Box 5: folder 17
Portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by Miller
n.d.

Box 5: folder 18
"Lord Amherst," excerpt from Town History
n.d.

Box 5: folder 19
News clippings about the portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by Joseph Blackburn (1758) presented to Amherst College by the Class of 1895
n.d.

Box 5: folder 20
Portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst by Sir Joshua Reynolds
n.d.

Box 5: folder 21
Portrait of Lord Jeffery Amherst on horse, by Sir Joshua Reynolds
n.d.

Box 5: folder 22
News clipping about the portrait of Jeffery Amherst, of Riverhead, Kent, grandfather of Lord Jeffery, by Guilliam de Ryck
n.d.

Box 5: folder 23
Engraving: "Montreal, Seat of Lord Amherst of Holmsdale"
n.d.

Box 5: folder 24

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797
  • Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797 -- Correspondence.
  • Barrington, William Wildman Barrington, Viscount, 1717-1793
  • Bradstreet, John, 1711-1774
  • Dundas, Henry, Viscount Melville, 1742-1811


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