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Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno Collection, 1909-2002
1 archives box, 2 flat photographs boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

Abstract:
Books, magazines, manuscripts, speeches, news clippings and photographs that document Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno's career as a Cuban writer and teacher, chiefly from the 1940s through the 1950s. All of the materials are in Spanish.

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno Collection for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno Collection should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Amherst, MA

Biographical Note

Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno was born at an old plantation in Ranchuelo, Cuba, in 1899. According to his grandson Ruben, it was there that his talents as a writer and teacher first emerged when he improvised a school to teach others how to read and write. Throughout his life, Manuel Cuéllar held various jobs in different parts of Cuba. He worked in the sugar cane fields, was a chauffeur, stevedore, teacher, and reader for other workers at tobacco and shoe factories in the Santa Clara and Cienfuego provinces. As a vulcanizer in Camagüey, Cuéllar met the poet Nicolas Guillén, and as a member of the Federación Nacional de Sociedades (National Federation of Societies) in the late 1920s, he engaged in social work also in the neighboring Haiti. In the early 1930s, Cuéllar joined the Communist Party in Cuba and fought against President Gerardo Machado, being arrested after seizing the village of Fomento with Gerardo Meneses. In 1936, however, he decided to devote himself completely to journalism and social work.

Through his writings and public service, Manuel Cuéllar became a voice against racial discrimination in Cuban politics, art and culture. He used to say that "he was Maceo, not Martí," identifying himself with Antonio Maceo, the black military commander who engaged in both the 1868 and 1895 wars of independence in Cuba. Unlike many black activists of his time, Cuéllar promoted the African influence on Cuban culture. In Havana, for example, he founded the radio program Sensemayá, featuring African drums for the first time along with presentations by Eusébia Cosme, Juan Luís Martín, Nicolás Guillén and Fernando Ortiz. He wrote columns for many publications such as the magazines Revista Bohemia, Renovación and Sensemayá, and the newspapers Avance, Pueblo, Tiempo en Cuba, El Noticiero and El Día. Among his most important books are Unas Cuantas Verdades (1944), Código de Moral del Sargento Político (1948), Leituras Criollas (1955), and Doce Muertes Famosas (1957). Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno died in Havana in 1988.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection consists of books, magazines, manuscripts, speeches, news clippings and photographs that document Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno's career as a Cuban writer and teacher, chiefly from the 1940s through the 1950s. All of the materials are in Spanish.


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno Collection for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno Collection should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

[Identification of item], in Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno Collection [Box #, Folder #], Amherst College Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library

History of the Collection

This collection was purchased for the Latino Collection through the mediation of Professor Ilán Stavans in 2003. The documents were originally acquired by the scholar Ivor Miller during a research trip to Havana, Cuba, where he interviewed Manuel Cuéllar's grandson, Ruben Perez-Cuéllar.

Processing Information

Procesed by Isadora Moura Mota, January 2009. In processing, the collection was organized by subject into four series which cover the period 1909-2002. Most of the information in this finding aid comes from Manuel Cuéllar's notes and his grandson Ruben's recollections.


Additional Information
Contact Information
Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
PO Box 5000
Amherst, MA 01002-5000

Phone: (413) 542-2299
Fax: (413) 542-2692

Email Reference Form: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives/askus
URL: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives
Language
Spanish

Contents List
Series 1: PUBLISHED WRITINGS,

Books and chronicles published by Manuel Cuéllar in Havana during the 1940s and 1950s.

1940s-1957


"Celofán Pin-Pon y... Algo Más". Havana, 48 pp.
1940s

Box 1: folder 1
"Código de Moral del Sargento Político." Havana: Imprenta B. Perez, 24 pp.
1944

Box 1: folder 2
"Unas Cuantas Verdades." Havana: Imp. y Librería Nueva, 63pp.
1948

Box 1: folder 3
"Lecturas Criollas." Havana, 44 pp, illustrated.
1955

Box 1: folder 4
"12 Muertes Famosas." Havana: Editorial Sanchez, 228 pp. (Fragile)
1957

Box 1: folder 5
Series 2: MANUSCRIPTS,

Includes a speech delivered by Manuel Cuéllar in 1953, a compilation of his bibliography, an unpublished manuscript, and an interview taped by the scholar Ivor Miller with Manuel Cuéllar's grandson, Ruben Perez-Cuéllar.

1953-2002


"Aproximación a la Bibliografía del Periodista Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno," compilation by Araceli García-Carranza, 36 pp. Copies of all the cited works of Manuel Cuéllar are housed at the National Library of Cuba.
n.d.

Box 1: folder 1
"La Séptima Era Atomica," 2 pp.
n.d.

Box 1: folder 2
"Presentación de Cuellar Vizcaíno por el Sr. Carlos Collazo, presidente de Redención Sport Club, en el acto celebrado por dicha sociedad" (Presentation given by Cuéllar at the Redemption Sport Club, under the auspices of its president, Mr. Carlos Collazo), 39 pp.
1953 Jan 9

Box 1: folder 3
Interview with Ruben Perez-Cuéllar by Ivor Miller - tape recording
2002 Jun 28

Box 1: folder 4
Series 3: NEWSPAPER AND MAGAZINE CLIPPINGS,

A collection of articles written either by Manuel Cuéllar or about his professional life.

1946-1958


!Ya! Semanario Nacional ("Celofan", colum by Manuel Cuéllar); 4 illustrated editions.
1946

Box 1: folder 1
Various articles:
Del problema negro en los Estados Unidos (1950). Diario de la Marina, "Armonias" column by Gustavo E. Urrutia;
El vodu en Haiti (1950s). Diario de la Marina, by Remy Bastier;
Dos aspectos del acto inaugural de la Hora Sensemayá (n.d.), news clipping with picture of the inauguration of the radio program directed by Manuel Cuéllar at the CMCG station;
Revisión (1953 Aug), monthly publication of the "Movimiento de Integración Nacional" and section of the Amanecer magazine;
1000 Noticias en Sepia (1955 Feb 11 - column by Felipe Elosequi), Medio son, and Cantaliso en Ataja, unidentified newspaper;
Homenaje a Cuellar Vizcaíno por sus 33 años en la prensa. (1956 Aug 1) News clipping with picture of the homage to Manuel Cuéllar for his 33 years of work as a journalist, Pueblo, Havana;
Lucido homenaje a los cronistas ofreció el comité contra la discriminación racial. (1957 May 20) Prensa Deportiva, Havana;
Los lucumies, leyenda y religión. Puntos de convergencia entre las creencias de áfrica y de Occidente. (1958 Mar 19) El País, Havana;
1950-1958

Box 1: folder 2
"Aire Libre" column, written by Cuellar for the newspaper Pueblo, Havana; 10 articles.
1956-1958

Box 1: folder 3
Receipt of donations to the magazine Revista Sensemayá ("Folklore, art, literature, sociology, politics and revolution"), edited by Manuel Cuéllar.
1946

Box 1: folder 4
Magazine clippings:
Del Folklore Cubano. Un bembé. (n.d.) Article by Manuel Cuéllar for an unidentified magazine, 5 pp.
Santa Barbara, barbara. Leblanc y Chango.(n.d.) Article by Manuel Cuéllar for an unidentified magazine, 3 pp.
Los Espíritus o "diablitos" de los ñáñigos (n.d.). Article by Fernando Ortiz for an unidentified magazine, 4 pp.


Box 1: folder 5
Series 4: PHOTOGRAPHS,

This series documents the highlights of Manuel Cuéllar's professional life as a writer, journalist, teacher, and activist against racism and in favor of the dissemination of Afro-Cuban culture in Cuba. Half of the pictures allegedly depict the first fashion show for black women ever held in Cuba.

1909-1972


Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno as a young man. Photo dedicated to his mother in Camagüey.
1919

Box 2: folder 1
Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno (mid-life); 6 pictures.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 2
Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno as a young man. Photo dedicated to "his hermanos Nico, Anetina y gajos" in Cienfuegos.
1938 Oct 3

Box 2: folder 3
Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno with his daughter, Nancy Cuéllar and his grandson, Ruben Pérez Cuéllar.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 4
Manuel Cuéllar Vizcaíno and the U.S. Envoy to Cuba, Charleston Bill; 4 pictures.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 5
Martha Jean-Claude, Haitian singer.
1953 Nov 15

Box 2: folder 6
Nicolas Guillen (left), Virginia Archer, Manuel Cuéllar's wife (center) and Martha Jean-Claude (right).
n.d.

Box 2: folder 7
Martha Jean-Claude, Haitian singer (center).
n.d.

Box 2: folder 8
Martha Jean-Claude, Haitian singer.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 9
Eusebia Cosme, interpretor of Afro-Antillian verse.
1936

Box 2: folder 10
Nicollás Guillén, Cuban poet.
1972 Jun 12

Box 2: folder 11
Manuel Cuéllar (center), Virginia Archer (to his right). Event in celebration of Cuéllar's 33 years of work as a journalist. Salón Amletto of the Hotel Sevilla, Havana.
1956 Jul 31

Box 2: folder 12
Nigerian delegation to the United Nations General Assembly in New York. On the right is Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Prime Minister of Nigeria.
1960 Oct 10

Box 2: folder 13
15-year-anniversary of Manuel Cuéllar's daughter at the Club Marbella, in East Havana. Virginia Archer and his daughter are shown to his left.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 14
Manuel Cuéllar at a school (in the backgroun with glasses) during the "Festival de la Juventud Estudiante."
n.d.

Box 2: folder 15
Manuel Cuéllar doing a reading probably at the Revista Bohemia, where he worked as a journalist.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 16
Manuel Cuéllar speaking at conferences; 2 pictures.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 17
Cleveland G. Walker, Mayor of Kingston; Lester Herbert Crooke, Justice of the Peace; Peter Stephens, English Consul; Rene Dolz, Secretary of Tourism; Justo Luis Pozó, Mayor of Havana; Aida Rodriguez Sarabia; Secretary of Beaux Arts.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 18
Political meeting before the Revolution of 1959 in Cuba (Cuéllar is the fourth from the right).
n.d.

Box 2: folder 19
Manuel Cuéllar in the background (with glasses).
After 1959

Box 2: folder 20
Nicolás Guillén (third from left) and Manuel Cuéllar (third from right) at the Salón de la Unión de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba (UNEAC).
n.d

Box 2: folder 21
Political meeting prior to the Revolution of 1959 held probably at the Presidential Palace in Havana; Manuel Cuéllar is the third person on the left.
n.d.

Box 2: folder 22
Unidentified photos
n.d.

Box 2: folder 23
Black women fashion show at the Club Atenas in Havana; 43 pictures by Enrique Llanos.
ca. 1950s

Box 3: folder 1

Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.

Subjects
  • Blacks -- Cuba -- Social life and customs.
  • Cuba -- Race relations.
  • Cuba -- Social conditions
  • Cuéllar Vizcaíno, Manuel.
  • Race discrimination -- Cuba.

Contributors
  • Miller, Ivor.
  • Perez-Cuéllar, Ruben.


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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