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Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics, 1903-2015
1.5 Linear feet 3 archive boxes
Collection number: MA.00017

Abstract:
Bound manuscript volumes, loose ms notes, and published material describing specimens of Native American relics that once formed the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics at Amherst College. Includes the original collection descriptions of Dr. Edward Hitchcock (AC 1849) and later additions from other sources, including the collection of D. S. Kellogg. Supplementary materials include two printed catalogs of the museum, 1903-1904, articles by F. B. Loomis and Margaret Bruchac (2010), plus NAGPRA Notices (2012, 2015).

Terms of Access and Use:

Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Gilbert Museum Papers for research use.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from the Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Amherst College Archives and Special Collections

Historical Note

The Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics refers to a collection of bone, stone and pottery implements believed to have been created and used by Native Americans in the New England region. In 1853, Professor Edward Hitchcock, Jr. (AC 1849) presented his collection of 721 specimens of Connecticut Valley Indian relics to Amherst College. In 1857 it was increased to 1,100 specimens. This collection formed the foundation of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics, named for George Henry Gilbert (1806-1869) of Ware, Massachusetts, a generous benefactor of the College. Hitchcock continued to curate the museum together with two other scientific collections in the Appleton Cabinet (later known as Appleton Hall), the Hitchcock Ichnological Cabinet and the Adams Zoological Museum. In 1903 the collection numbered nearly 3,000 specimens.

Many of the specimens in the collection are still held by Amherst College; however, the collection is closed to research pending review under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA).

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Bound manuscript volumes, loose ms notes, and published material describing specimens of Native American relics in the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics at Amherst College, including the original collection of Dr. Edward Hitchcock (AC 1849) and later additions from other sources, including the collection of D. S. Kellogg. Supplementary materials include two printed catalogs of the museum, 1903-1904.

Recent additions include a 2010 article by Margaret Bruchac, who reviewed the collection as part of NAGRA compliance activities, beginning in 2003. NAGPRA Notices from 2012 and 2015 are also present.

This collection is organized into three series: 1. Gilbert Museum catalogue 2. D. S. Kellogg Collection 3. Supplementary Material


Information on Use
Terms of Access and Use
Restrictions on access:

There is no restriction on access to the Gilbert Museum Papers for research use.

Restrictions on use:

Requests for permission to publish material from the Papers should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Preferred Citation

Please use the following format when citing materials from this collection:

[Identification of item], in Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics [Box #, folder #], Amherst College Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library

History of the Collection


Additional Information
Contact Information
Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
PO Box 5000
Amherst, MA 01002-5000

Phone: (413) 542-2299
Fax: (413) 542-2692

Email Reference Form: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives/askus
URL: http://www.amherst.edu/library/archives
Language
English
Related Material

Pratt Museum Papers; Edward and Mary Judson Hitchcock Papers; Frederic Brewster Loomis (AC 1896) Papers

Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Contents List
Series 1: Catalogue Volumes



In volume 1, Dr. Edward Hitchcock, AC 1849, explains that "the design of this catalogue is to perpetuate some knowledge of the specimens in the collection in case of any accident resulting from fire, breakage, theft or otherwise." He further explains that for accuracy, the diagrams in the volumes are traced, rather than drawn.

The catalogue begins with Dr. Hitchcock's own collection. It includes accession records of collections added later, with their cost and the source of funding in most cases. The Kellogg collection, consisting of about 15,000 relics, is included in Volume IV. "I.C.P.," who catalogued entries Z-1 through Z-44 has been identified as Irvin Chaffee Plough, AC 1942.

Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics in Amherst College
Volume 1: Explanation by Dr. Hitchcock of the catalogue and the method of making diagrams. Entries 1 through 2297.


Box 1 Vol. 1
Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics in Amherst College. Vol. 2
Volume 2: Entries 2298 through 3234


Box 1 Vol. 2
Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics in Amherst College. Vol. 3
Volume 3: "This volume was given to the Gilbert Museum by Mr. Grenville Gilbert. On page 247 are arrows from Mammoth Cave, KY. Nos. 7613-7614-7615." [MSS notes on front paste down and flyleaf]


Box 1 Vol. 3
Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics in Amherst College. Vol. 4
Volume 4: "Here begins the first number of the Kellogg Collection of the Gilbert Museum of Amherst College. It consists of about 15,000 relics gathered in the last half of the nineteenth century..." [MS note on page 1]


Box 2 Vol. 4
Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics in Amherst College. Vol. 5


Box 2 Vol. 5
Catalogue of the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics in Amherst College. Vol. 6
Volume 6: Only one page filled in: Entries 13,851; 13,942; 13,852; 1571


Box 2 Vol. 6
Series 2: David Sherwood Kellogg Collection



Kept with the catalogue since it relates directly to a major part of the Amherst collection.

D. S. Kellogg. Plattsburgh, New York.
Bound volume with 145 numbered pages: "Collection bought by Arthur James and incorporated in the Gilbert Museum of Indian Relics, an catalogue. F. B. Loomis" [MS note on front flyleaf]

1 Volumes
Box 3: folder 1
Loose pages removed from bound volume.

13 Leaves
Box 3: folder 2
Notes on the archaeology of the Valley of Lake Champlain

21 Leaves
Box 3: folder 3
Search Terms
Kellogg, David Sherwood

Kellogg's list of Indian camp sites


Box 3: folder 4
Typescript: Extracts relating to his collection of Indian Relics from the Journals of D. S. Kellogg


Box 3: folder 5
Series 3: Supplementary Material



The printed Catalog, which appeared in 1903 and again in 1904, includes photographs and descriptions of some of the items on display at the Gilbert Museum, as well as narrative about the museum. The second edition (1904) is an expanded version of the 1903 first edition. One copy of each edition was removed for cataloging into the rare book collection in the Archives. Additional material by Margaret Bruchac and NAGPRA Notices from 2010-2015 was printed from the web.

"Specimens of New England Indian Relics in the Gilbert Museum at Amherst College"
11 copies on 1903 edition. Several copies are falling apart.
1903
11 Volumes
Box 3: folder 6
Search Terms
Hitchcock, Edward, Jr. (AC 1878)

"Specimens of New England Indian Relics in the Gilbert Museum at Amherst College. Second Edition"
Seven copies of 1904 expanded edition. Several copies are in very poor condition.
1904
7 Volumes
Box 3: folder 7
Search Terms
Hitchcock, Edward, Jr. (AC 1878)

F. B. Loomis articles:


Box 3: folder 8
Search Terms
Loomis, Frederic Brewster (AC 1896)

"On the Shell Heaps of Maine,"
1912

Box 3: folder 8
"Dr. Hitchcock and the Amherst Indian Collection,"
1915

Box 3: folder 8
"Early Man in Florida"
1926

Box 3: folder 8
Shell Heaps 1933. Manuscript notes.
1933

Box 3: folder 8
"List of specimens sent to Amherst Coll." Manuscript list in three pieces.


Box 3: folder 9
Periodical stories about the Gilbert Museum
Printouts from "America's Historical Newspapers" and "American Periodicals Series" databases.
1865, 1904.

Box 3: folder 10
"Lost and Found: NAGPRA, Scattered Relics, and Restorative Methodologies"
Article from Museum Anthropology. Vol. 33, Iss. 2, pp. 137-156. Margaret Bruchac reviewed the contents of the collection and prepared several reports for the Five College Repatriation Committee and others between 2003 and 2010. A list of Bruchac's publications is also included in this file.
2010

Box 3: folder 11
Search Terms
Bruchac, Margaret M.

National NAGPRA Notices
Notices printed from the web, March 2016.
2012, 2015

Box 3: folder 12
Search Terms
United States. Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.


Search Terms
The following terms represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. Use these headings to search for additional materials on this web site, in the Five College Library Catalog, or in other library catalogs and databases.


Questions about this collection? Contact the archives
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